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Heron's formula

Notes
1. Area of a Triangle – by Heron’s Formula
2. Application of Heron’s Formula in finding Areas of Quadrilaterals

• Triangle with base 'b' and altitude 'h' is


1
Area = × (b × h)
2

• Triangle with sides a, b and c


a+b+c
( i ) Semi perimeter of triangle s =
2

( ii ) Area = s(s − a)(s − b)(s − c) square units.

• Equilateral triangle with side 'a'

3 2
Area = a square units
4

• Trapezium with parallel sides 'a' & 'b' and the distance between two parallel sides as 'h'.
1
Area = (a + b)h square units
2
• Rhombus with diagonals d1 and d 2

1
Area = d1 × d 2 ;
2

Perimeter = 2 d12 + d 22