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Alpos Gloria Piamonte Sano Tan

The Declaration of Independence in the Philippines

Importance of the Text

On the 12th of June 1898 the Philippine Declaration


of Independence occurred in Kawit, Cavite with the
Filipino Revolutionary forces under Emilio Aguinaldo
proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the
Philippine islands from the Spanish colonization. The
importance of this document is essential since, it is the
account of which the Declaration of the Philippines is
established and proclaimed during that time period.

Background of the text’s author

Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista

 Born on December 7, 1830 in Biñan City, Laguna


 Son to Gregorio Enriquez and Bautista Silvestra
Altamira
 Died on December 4, 1903
 Also known as Don Bosyong
 He took his degree in Law at the University of Santo Tomas (UST)

The context of the document

The Philippine Declaration of Independence occurred in Kawit, Cavite on 12 June 1898 where
Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and
independence of the Philippine islands from Spanish colonization after the latter was defeated at
the Battle of Manila Bay on 1 May 1898 during the Spanish-American War. It was declared a
national holiday and was witnessed by thousands of people who gathered in Kawit to witness the
historic event.

Mr. Aldrin Palermo MWF 9:00 – 10:00


Alpos Gloria Piamonte Sano Tan

The declaration, however, was not recognized by the United States or Spain, as the Spanish
government ceded the Philippines (and other Spanish colonial territories) to the United States in
the 1898 Treaty of Paris signed on 10 December 1898 in consideration for an indemnity for
Spanish expenses and assets lost.

The Act of the Declaration of Independence was prepared and written by Ambrosio Rianzares
Bautista in Spanish, who also read the said declaration. A passage in the Declaration reminds one
of another passage in the American Declaration of Independence. The Philippine Declaration
was signed by ninety-eight persons, among them an American army officer who witnessed the
proclamation. The Act declared that the Filipinos “are and have the right to be free and
independent,” and that the nation from” this day commences to have a life of its own, with every
political tie between Filipinas and Spain severed and annulled”.

The event saw the National Flag of the Philippines, designed by General Aguinaldo and made in
Hongkong by Mrs. Marcela Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo and Delfina Herboza unfurled for the
first time. This was followed by the performance of the “Marcha Filipina Magdalo” now known
as “Lupang Hinirang”, the National Anthem. The composer, Julian Felipe. was a music teacher
from Cavite. The lyrics to the anthem were sourced a year after from the poem of Jose Palma
entitled “Filipinas”.

General Aguinaldo explained the symbolism of the Filipino flag. Each of the three colors has an
appropriate meaning:

a. the lower red stripe represents patriotism and valor

b. the upper blue stripe signifies peace, truth and justice

c. the white triangle stands for equality

The three stars indicate the three geographical areas of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

The eight rays of the sun refer to first eight provinces of Manila, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva
Ecija, Bataan, Laguna, Batangas and Cavite which took up arms against Spain and were placed
under martial law by the Spaniards at the start of the Philippine Revolution in 1896.

Mr. Aldrin Palermo MWF 9:00 – 10:00


Alpos Gloria Piamonte Sano Tan

The text’s contribution to understanding Philippine’s History

The contribution of this text in understanding the Philippine’s History is greatly


significant since, this document is the proof of our sovereignty from the Spanish Colonization.

Independence Day obviously stands as a reminder of that long-fought battle for freedom and the
people behind it.

Many who are very observant of our history might see the nuances within the narratives, which
are worth exploring. It still stands true, nonetheless, that the June 12 declaration was a fruit of a
united resolve.

Independence Day also serves as an apt moment for Filipinos to reflect on who they are in light
of all these, and of what they could give in return as benefactors of this emancipation which took
pains to be attained.

These heroes, he added, might well ask the businessman if he did his best to improve his
methods of production and to increase his marketing efficiency. They also might well ask
students if they have been diligently studying “not only for high marks, but for the sake of
learning,” in order to fully contribute to the nation’s overall progress. They might well ask
politicians if they are placing the Nation’s greater good above their “narrow self-interest”.

References:

 https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/799/today-in-philippie-history-december-
7-1830-ambrosio-rianzares-bautista-lawyer-and-gen-emilio-aguinaldo-s-confidante-
was-born-in-bi-an-laguna
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambrosio_Rianzares_Bautista
 http://www.philippine-
embassy.de/bln/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=536&lang=en&fbcli
d=IwAR0liszuOXKpxc2slcqYL9T6qHGwuJ6VLgmNBqc-yoSQ2KS8g-
UEAEuBwu8
 https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/209951/contribute-to-freedom-filipinos-
urged/amp?fbclid=IwAR12_GFbnELtXBKUyFnDF0uiwQj7su3vKNxe0Ql_LdDKtd
55LrD710iBy1k

Mr. Aldrin Palermo MWF 9:00 – 10:00