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HUM 1 – ART APPRECIATION

HUMANITIES can be described as the study of how people process and document the
human experience. Since humans have been able, we have used philosophy, literature,
religion, art, music, history and language to understand and record our world.

It shows different disciplines affect and complement one another.

The word humanities come from the Latin humanus, which means human nature and
civilization.
The humanities are the stories, the ideas, and the words that help us make sense of our
lives and our world.

Culture is a system of values and beliefs which we share with others, all of which gives
us a sense of belonging or identity. It is the totality of a man and it is also the complex
whole of collective human beliefs with a structured stage of civilization.

Art on the other hand, is the expression of our thoughts, emotions, intuitions, and desires,
and digging into its personal level, it’s about sharing the way we experience the world,
which for many is an extension of personality. Through art, we can share how we
experience the world because it enables us to express our own feelings and desires into
something that can be appreciated by other people.

MAJOR AREAS OF ART

1. Literary Art
It is a kind of art that is presented in written mode and intended to be read. These
include prose and poetry.

3 GENRES OF LITERARY ARTS

 POETRY - This is often considered the oldest form of literature. Before


writing was invented, oral stories were commonly put into some sort of
poetic form to make them easier to remember and recite. Poetry today
is usually written down but is still sometimes performed.

Poetry is about rhymes, counting syllables, and lines. Sometimes, it is


also presented in a free-form that they lack any rhymes or common
patterns. Poetry is nearly always written in stanzas and lines, creating a
unique look on the page.

 PROSE – It is written in complete sentences and organized in


paragraphs. Instead of focusing on sound, which is what poetry does,
prose tends to focus on plot and characters.

2 TYPES OF PROSE

 FICTION – series of imagined facts which shows truth about


human life. Stories are not real but rather imagined.

NON-FICTION – works that are based mainly on facts rather
than on imagination. It is factual and it includes theories and
opinions.

 MEDIA – it is the newest type of literature that has been defined as a


distinct genre is media. This categorization was created to encompass
the many new and important kinds of texts in our society today, such as
HUM 1 – ART APPRECIATION

movies and films, websites, commercials, billboards, and radio


programs. Media relies on recently developed technologies.

2. Visual Art

This is a kind of art that we can perceive or see. An art form that create works that
are primarily visual in nature.

3. Performing Art

A kind of art that is intended to be performed in a large group of people and it


makes use of our body movements,

2 APPROACH TO ADMIRE AN ART

1. Art Appreciation– It is about analyzing an artwork based on its basic tools of


visual literacy like lines and shapes, and it does not include understanding the
work’s larger context.

2. Art History - Its purpose is to understand and appreciate an art as part of a


larger social and historical context.

FUNCTIONS OF ART

1. Physical Function
Works of art is created to give physical function. It relates to things that can be
used for practical purposes.

2. Social Function
An art that goes beyond intrinsic personal value to art’s social benefit. A kind of art
that teaches the society something.

3. Personal Function
It is about creating an art work to express what you feel. You make art out of need
of self-expression.

PHILOSOPHICAL IMPORT OF THE ART

1. PLATO – “Art is mimesis”


Mimesis is a Greek word meaning “imitation”. According to Plato, art is just
an imitation of reality and distracts us from the truth.

2. ARISTOTLE – “Art is a representation”


He states that art is not purely based on imitation. We imitate because it
represents something good in ourselves.

3. IMMANUEL KANT – “Art is a judgement of taste”


Kant states that we have our own definition of beauty, but it still need to go
with the standards of society.

SUBJECTS OF THE ART

 STILL LIFE – An artwork that features an arrangement of inanimate


objects as its subject. Inanimate objects arranged in a table or indoor
setting is an example.
HUM 1 – ART APPRECIATION

 DREAMS AND FANTASIES – An artwork which shows mysterious


as well as fantasy creatures because it gives rise to your dream world.
 RELIGION AND MTHOLOGY - It is an art subject that represents
mythological stories and Biblical narratives in ways that made these
relevant to an artist own experience in place and time.
 PORTAITURE - An art subject which shows artistic representation of a
person, in which the human face is the focus.
 LANDSCAPE – It shows the view of a countryside, natural outdoor
scenery, and anything that has land/terrain on it. Visible features of an
area of land.
 SEASCAPE – An art which view is an expanse of sea or any bodies of
water.
 CITYSCAPE – It is an art subject which shows the visual appearance of
a city.

METHODS OF PRESENTING ART SUBJECT

 REALISM - A method of presenting art subjects painted from everyday life in a


naturalistic manner. In realism, artist preferred subject matter of common life.
 ABSTRACTION – An art that is all shapes, no real-life images, scenery, or objects.
It does not represent the visual reality and it can be expressive without
representing the real world.
 SYMBOLISM – It systematically uses symbols to intensify meaning making the
work of art more subjective. An art technique that typically give subjects deep
meanings such as love, death, sin, religion, or disease.
 FAUVISM – An art technique which is characterized by strong colors and fierce
brushwork. Artist have strong belief in the expressive power of pure color to evoke
emotional feeling.
 FUTURISM - Focuses on progress and modernity creating a unique and dynamic
vision of the future and portrayals of urban landscapes as well as new technologies
such as trains, cars, and airplanes into their depictions.
 SURREALISM - It implies everything that is outlying of common rules and
boundaries and seek to explore the unconscious mind as a way of creating art, it
revolves on the method of making ordinary things look extraordinary.
 DADAISM – A technique which rejected the logic, reason, and aestheticism of
modern society, instead expressing nonsense and irrational work.

DADA – a French term for hobby horse.

Hobby horse is a child’s toy, and it invokes childishness and absurdity

 IMPRESSIONISM - The practice of painting out of doors and spontaneously ‘on


the spot’ rather than in a studio from sketches. Main impressionist subjects were
landscapes and scenes of everyday life,

 EXPRESSIONISM- refers to art in which the image of reality is distorted in order


to make it expressive of the artist’s feelings or ideas.

MEDIUM OF ART

Medium – refers to the materials that the artist uses to create an art.
HUM 1 – ART APPRECIATION

Medium in Visual Arts

 Watercolor – a type of paint which pigments are mixed with


water.
 Pastel - It consists of pure powdered pigment and binder in a stick.
Its pigment is bound to form a crayon.
 Coffee - It is all about using pure coffee, water and your brush.
Coffee painting produces an old-look effect in your painting
 Acrylic – A fast-drying paint made of pigment, water-soluble, but
become water-resistant when dry, and can be used almost in every
surface.
 Fresco - A method of painting water-based pigments on freshly
applied plaster, usually on wall surfaces. The colors, which are made
by grinding dry-powder pigments in pure water, dry and set with the
plaster to become a permanent part of the wall.

ARTIST AND ARTISAN


An artisan is essentially a manual worker who makes items with his or her hands,
and who through skill, experience and talent can create things of great beauty as
well as being functional.

An artist is dedicated only to the creative side, making visually pleasing work only
for the enjoyment and appreciation of the viewer, but with no functional value.

MANAGERS OF ART

Also called Art Directors, they work for art galleries, design firms, etc., An Art
Manager is the responsible for overseeing the art aspect of a production. He is
responsible for overseeing the art aspect of a production, they should be able to
lead a team, work well under pressure and think outside the box.

CURATORS OF ART

They are the in charge of acquiring and managing art collection and cultural
heritage displays in museums and libraries. Curators also selects and interprets
work of art.

BUYERS OF ART

They find and purchase artwork to suit their distinguished taste. They can be the
collector, investor, and decorator.

DEALERS OF ART

They promote and support emerging artist. They serve as consultants during
exhibition, auction, or studio visits. An art dealer appraise, sell, and resell artwork.
HUM 1 – ART APPRECIATION

GAMABA ARTIST

Gawad ng Manlillikha sa Bayan

An award given to Filipino inhabitant of indigenous tribe that has preserved


indigenous customs, beliefs, and traditions, also, engaged in a folk-art tradition that
has been in existence for 50 years.

SOME WELL-KNOWN GAMABA ARTIST IN THE PHILIPPINES

 GINAW BILOG

He preserved the Mangyan poetry tradition of Ambahan.


Ambahan is a poetic literary that is intended to be sung. Its form is
composed of seven-syllable line used to convey messages.

 LANG DULAY

She is a textile weaver and uses abaca fibers in weaving that reflects the
wisdom and visions of her people.

 UWANG AHADAS

He is a musician and his forte is on playing Yakan traditional instruments.


Gabbang is an example, it is a wooden bamboo instrument similar on a
xylophone.

 TEOFILO GARCIA

He is a Hat Maker. His creation is called Kattukong. It is a hat made of upo


and pumpkin which takes him an average of 7 days to transform and will
last a lifetime in properly taken care of.

 EDUARDO MUTUC

He is an artist who has dedicated his life to creating religious and secular
art in silver, bronze and wood. His intricately detailed retablos, mirrors,
altars, and carosas are in churches and private collections. A number of
these works are quite large, some exceeding forty feet, while some are very
small and feature very fine and delicate craftsmanship.