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# Name: Cortejos, Dan Joseph F.

## Section: B1 Date: April 16, 2019

Plate No.: 1 Plate Title: Summary of Concepts on Chapter 8

DEFLECTIONS:
 Deflection refers to the movement of a beam or node from its original
position due to the forces and loads being applied to the member.

Elastic Curve:
 The curve assumed by the longitudinal axis of an originally
straight elastic strip or bar bent within its elastic limits by any system of
forces.

Elastic Curve:

## Elastic Beam Theory:

 The internal moment in a beam relates to the slope and displacement of its
elastic curve
 Where: 𝜌 = radius of curvature at a specific point on the elastic curve
M = internal moment
E = modulus of elasticity
I = beam’s moment of inertia computed about the neutral
axis
1 𝑀
=
𝜌 𝐸𝐼

## The Double Integration Method:

 It produces the equation for the deflection everywhere along the beams.
Semi graphical procedure that utilizes the properties of the area under the
bending moment diagram.
Moment Area Theorems:

##  It provides a way to find slopes and deflections without having to go

through a full process of integration as described in the previous section.
 There are two moment area theorems, one that relates to the slope of the
beam and one that relates to the deflections.

## First Moment Area Theorem

o The change in the slope of a beam between two points is equal to
the area under the curvature diagram between those two points.
Second Moment Area Theorem
 It is the vertical distance between (a) a reference tangent line that is
tangent to one point of the beam and (b) the deflected shape of the beam
at another point is equal to the moment of the area under the curvature
diagram between the two points with the moments of the areas calculated
relative to the point on the deflected shape (b).
Conjugate Beam Method:
Properties of Conjugate Beam:

 The length of a conjugate beam is always equal to the length of the actual
beam.
 The load on the conjugate beam is the M/EI diagram of the loads on the
actual beam.
 A simple support for the real beam remains simple support for the
conjugate beam.
 A fixed end for the real beam becomes free end for the conjugate beam.
 The point of zero shear for the conjugate beam corresponds to a point of
zero slope for the real beam.
 The point of maximum moment for the conjugate beam corresponds to a
point of maximum deflection for the real beam

## Supports of Conjugate Beam:

 The slope on the real beam is equal to the shear on conjugate beam and
the deflection on real beam is equal to the moment on conjugate beam, the
shear and bending moment at any point on the conjugate beam must be
consistent with the slope and deflection at that point of the real beam.