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Background and Goal of paper

Increased Urbanization rate is the major problem of the cities which cause major problems
in the city like unforeseen traffic rush, water demand and municipal waste management
problem.
In this paper the municipal solid waste land fill site locations are determined, which are the
most optimum one i.e. Most favorable site for Municipal solid landfill. As large land is easily
available for land fill but it will be not be optimum ,So the research of author is all about
locating the optimum site using the Geographic Information system.

Methodology
1. Acquiring of base map for study and using it for making thematic maps through Arch
GIS software

Base maps (primary data source)


The primary data sources for the study included the topo sheets of Pondicherry which
were used to prepare the base map for the study. Water bodies, road network and
elevation maps were prepared based on the Survey of India map by digitization.
Geology, soil, fault line, water supply sources, and groundwater maps were collected
from departments and subsequently digitized.
The land use map was generated through the image interpretation and classification of
the Indian Remote Sensing satellite IRS1D imagery of Pondicherry of 22.8 m resolution.
Thematic Maps
Digital thematic maps were generated by employing the following procedures:
 Scanning of the available primary paper maps.
 Geo referencing the scanned maps to earth coordinates.
 On screen digitizing of the primary maps, thereby generating the digital thematic
maps, each characterizing the influencing factor for landfill site selection.
 Locating the GPS coordinates and entering in the database as latitude and
longitude.
 Conversion of the latitude and longitude data into the point data using the
software.
 Addition of the attribute data to the locations.
The various Thematic maps made are
Table 1

1.Water bodies map 2.Road network map 3.Land use map 4.Sensitive sites map

5.Groundwater 6.Geology map 7.Groundwater table 8.Air quality index


quality map map map
9.Waste land map 10.Infiltration map 11.Elevation map 12.Buffer maps

2. The Analytical tools use for analyzing of thematic Maps


The list of factors considered for selecting the disposal sites are as indicated and
then to each factors Rating and weightage is assigned through .
1.Lake and ponds 2.Air quality 3.Water supply 3.Groundwater 4.Groundwater
index sources table quality

5.Infiltration 6.Rivers 7.Geology 8.Fault Line 9.Elevation

10.Land use 11.Habitation 12.Highways 13.Sensitive sites

Then Composite Suitability Index CSU = ∑ ((Wc. Rc) TM is used for analyzing the
thematic bas Map ,listed in Table 1 , on the rating and weightage assigned to each of
the criteria ( mentioned in above table)

Results and conclusion


The thematic maps were generated, overlaid upon one another and the above proposed
algorithm was run on them and GIS based analysis performed. The GIS-based constraint
mapping technique was employed for the entire study area and subsequently 17 potential
sites were identified for landfill development on the basis of the selected criteria.
Thereafter, the immediate local conditions prevailing at the present moment were assessed
and the 17 potential sites were further screened to 3 sites that were the most optimum
ones.
The sites were ranked on the basis of area availability