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Conext SW and Combox

Agenda 1 Application Overview

2 CSW Product Range Overview

3 Advanced Features

4 Energy Storage and DoD

5 Monitoring

6 Case Studies

Confidential Property of Schneider Electric | Page 2


Conext SW – Application Overview
Simple, Robust and Flexible power-pack address multiple applications with a single platform

Off-grid: Long-term back-up (UPS): Self-consumption:

Generate your own power Survive grid-outage disruptions Add storage to solar generation
1. Grid cannot be extended to the location 1.Extreme-weather (storm disruptions) 1.Time Of Use tariff (i.e. energy rate at peak time
(i.e. 4 pm to 8 pm) is 2 x regular day time cost)
2. Desire to reduce the use of diesel/gas 2.Weak-grid (i.e. voltage fluctuations at end of
generators or eliminate them all together feeder) 2.PV non-export regulation (utility forbids selling of
pv power to the grid)
3. Additional benefits - Load-shedding – reduce
energy costs when the utility is imposing peak
demand charges

Typical Applications: Residences, Vacation homes – Cabins & Cottages, Schools, Cinics, Telecom, Small Communities, etc.

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Conext SW Catalogue
All components to build a system are part of family, just add PV, Batteries, and/or Genset

Automatic
Generator Start

Single Unit
Configuration MPPT 60 150

DC Power
Battery Monitor Distribution Panel

6 Models : 3-UL, 3-IEC

Battery Power
UL 120/240v IEC 230 v
Voltage Levels Control Panel

24V 2500W 865-2524 865-2524-61 AC Power


Distribution Panel
24V 4000W 865-4024 865-4024-61

48V 4000W 865-4048 865-4848-61 Stacked System MPPT 80 600


Configuration
COMBOX

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Conext SW – Simple industrial design
Optimized for ease of installation and performance

Simple UI – User friendly - provides basic All wiring access is on one side. Uses standard
1 3
functionality. Pre-sets cannot be changed. terminal blocks & RJ45 connectors

Bracket based mounting allows “single-person-


2 lift” and simplifies the installation of the Conext Flexible design allows a single unit install and
SW and distribution enclosures 4
future expansion by adding a second unit easilty

The CSW cooling design provides optimal


5
performance in high ambient temperatures

Page 5
XANBUS enabled networking - Plug and Play System
Connectivity

Plug the devices in and they connect to the control


1
panel and/or Combox. They are auto-detected.

Daisy chain connections make cabling easy. There


2 is no need to run all wires to a central hub.

Standard CAT5 Ethernet cable for communications


3 simplifies wiring and is easy to source.

Single communication bus provides two-way


communication between various devices. Upgrades
4 and data-logging are completed through a single
point of access

Highly robust with no dependency on external


5
master - all units behave autonomously

Page 6
ComBox – A must for every system
Operating 24x7 stand-alone, without need for WWW connectivity, provides powerful functionality

System Dashboard Energy Historian Custom Data-logging

Change Settings Daily Summary Plots Firmware Upgrade

Page 7
Communication & Connectivity for CSW
Local connectivity via PC or Android Tablet. Remote via Insight Portal

Combox – the
system eyes and
ears!!

Page 8
Conext SW – Off-grid Cabin – Stacked System - Canada
Stacked system – 2 x CSW4048
Application: Off-grid Cabin
Location: Gander River, Newfoundland, Canada
System: 6kW PV 2x MPPT-60, Stacked 2xCSW 4048
Source: Newfound Energies, Canadian Energy

Page 9
Conext SW – Product Operational Concepts

• Four core components:


AC AC
ACIN ACOUT 1. Bi-directional AC/DC power board
2. Power transformer
AC Interface board 3. AC interface board
4. Controls & communication board
The CSW
does not sell
to the Grid

Power transformer
AC1 input of CSW is bi-directional;

Control (
• It does not export energy to the grid
& Comms
board
0
) from the batteries.
(
1 Bidirectional AC/DC
) Power Board • It will only pass power back to the grid
from an ac-coupled PV inverter…
Conext SW • Or offset consumption from the grid.
Battery

AC Bus
DC Bus
Page 10
Flexibility – System Configurability for any Application

DC
DC Bus
Bus Critical load
PV DC AC panel
Solar Bus
modules
charge Battery
Battery controller
Battery

Conext SW as back-up Conext SW as DC-Coupled back-up Conext SW as retrofit AC-coupled back-up

Page 11
Conext SW - Features
Performance better than the competition, Features unique to any inverter in its class

List of unique features List of enhanced features


 120 in 120/240 out  High surge capability
 AC-coupled smart-charge  Scalable to stack 2 in parallel
 Supports hybrid DC & AC coupled solar  Parallel-power: Gen-assist, load-shave
 Enhanced grid-support reduces battery wear  Timers: Invert block, Charge block,
 Dead battery charging to recover  Self-consumption by state of charge
 Frequency shift ac-coupled charging  Li-ion ready
 Invert block to optimize energy usage

Page 12
Feature : input 120v, get 120/240 output
Single phase in split phase out (North America only)

Use low cost 120v generators to power 240v loads without an auto-transformer. Useful to drive split phase
loads like a 240V pump or saw. Save $400~600, a120/240 genset or auto-transformer are not required

• Conext SW has an in-built auto-transformer.

• When a single-phase ac source is connected to


input of the CSW, it is capable to qualify the
single-phase and deliver on its output a split-
phase power.

Page 13
Feature : AC Coupled SMART CHARGE
(Patent pending feature)

In AC-coupled grid-tied system, CSW ensures that batteries are only charged with PV energy
when there is surplus power flowing to grid.


1 Certain regulations forbid charging batteries
1
from a grid source for a grid-interactive storage
systems. In this case they can be charged from
a grid-tied inverter if one is connected.
3

2 The self regulating control inside Conext SW
ensures that battery charging always happen
2 AC Distribution
when surplus PV is feeding to the grid. Three panel
stage charging is maintained.


3 After batteries are charged, the surplus PV
power flows to grid Battery

Page 14
Feature : DC and/or AC coupled
DC and AC coupling at the same time!

THE ONLY battery inverter to support both DC & AC coupling, optimizing a mix of PV sources to maximize
the advantages of both configurations at the same time. Like an all-wheel-drive car!.

• Loads consuming energy during day are best


powered w/ AC-coupled PV & those consuming
at night be powered w/ DC-coupled PV.

• Often sites such as pumping stations, telecom


with near flat consumption profile benefit by
mixing AC & DC-coupled PV sources.

Page 15
Feature : Enhanced grid-support
Patented. Requires Xanbus enabled MPPT charger

Regulates the export of dc-coupled PV power for self-consumption while maintaining battery topped-up &
fully ready for back-up at all times. Avoids battery cycling and increases battery life

• When connected to a Xanbus enabled MPPT


charger, the CSW tracks extra PV power
generated beyond what batteries need for
charging…

• Conext SW then utilizes only the surplus PV


power to offset consumption from grid, thus
batteries remain full and aren’t micro-cycled,
which wears their life and they are always fully
charged in case of a power outage.

Page 16
Feature : Dead battery charging
Recovery of unattended discharged battery

If batteries are discharged to a voltage of 12v for a 24v system or 24v for 48v system
Traditional chargers do not work to recover deeply discharged batteries back to a healthy SOC.

• Common for off-grid cabins that are unattended and


PV or Genset fails to top-up batteries; batteries can
discharge to a very deep level when sitting idle.

• Charging such batteries in a power-regulated manner


is very important to revive its useful life.

• Conext SW has ability to use a generator source to


slowly charge up a dead battery avoiding specialized
chargers.

Page 17
Feature : Inverter block
Energy saving, energy theft protection

A 24 hour programmable timer that allows one to disable the output of the inverter between
certain periods of time to save on energy, useful in community electrifications, vacation
rental, and street lighting.

• Prevents the inverter from providing AC within


the specified time frame.

• Example - Street lighting – Inverter block can be


set to not provide power during the daytime.
This saves energy by putting the inverter in a
“quiet” state, and it prevents possible theft of
electricity from the electrical lighting system.
6:00AM 9:00PM

Page 18
Feature : Frequency shift ac-coupling
Requires frequency based curtailing compatible PV inverter

Achieve a 3-stage charging of lead-acid batteries in off-grid ac-coupled systems without any
dump-loads or relay controls or direct communication dependencies.

• In ac-coupled off-grid systems, with a lead-acid


battery, it is important to have frequency based
curtailing of power from the PV inverter to allow
proper 3-stage charging.

• While most schemes use dump-loads or relay


controls, the Conext SW can shift output
frequency based on battery voltage and
indirectly communicate to the PV inverter how
much power it needs to deliver.

Page 19
Conext SW – High reliability tested to extreme performance
Highly Accelerated Life Tested and designed with Schneider Electric bankability in mind

Page 20
Calculating Cost of Battery Consumption: The Basics
Finding the cost of Cycling Batteries
Cost of Batt Amp KWH of Depth of Number Total KWH in
Batteries Voltage Hours storage Discharge of Cycles Life of Bank
$10,000 48v 1000 48kWh 50% 2000 48,000kWh
$20,000 48v 2000 96kWh 25% 5000 120,000kWh
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑘𝑊ℎ = 𝑘𝑊ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝑆𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑋 % 𝑜𝑓 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑒 𝑋 (𝑁𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑦𝑐𝑙𝑒𝑠)

(96𝑘𝑊ℎ) 𝑋 .25 𝑋 5000 = 120,000 𝑘𝑊ℎ


8000
7000 Number of Cycles
6000
Total kWh output of the 5000
batteries 4000
3000
2000
Next: Relationship between SOC and Battery Voltage 1000
0
10% 25% 50% 80% 100%
Page 21
Lead Acid and Lion Battery Voltage versus SOC
Lead acid Battery
Resting Terminal Li-Ion Battery
Voltage versus Resting Terminal
State of Charge Voltage versus State
50.0 Volts 100% SOC of Charge
100% SOC 50 Volts
Not
Recommended
48.0 Volts Recommended 75% SOC 100% SOC
75% SOC 48 Volts
battery use
It is very difficult to use battery
Recommended
50% SOC terminal voltage to gauge the
46.0 Volts battery use
SOC of Lion batteries since the 50% SOC 47 Volts
Not Recommended voltage changes so little with
25% SOC SOC
44.0 Volts 25% SOC
25% SOC 46 Volts
Emergency only
0% SOC
42.0 Volts 0% SOC Not Recommended
0% SOC 42 Volts
10% SOC

Lets see how the math works out for a cost per kWh!
Confidential Property of Schneider Electric
Calculating Cost of Battery Consumption: Cost Per kWh
Cost of Batt Amp KWH of Depth of Number Total KWH in
Batteries Voltage Hours storage Discharge of Cycles Life of Bank
$10,000 48v 1000 48KWH 50% 2000 48,000KWH
$20,000 48v 2000 96KWH 25% 5000 120,000KWH

𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝐵𝑎𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑠 Cost and Depth of Discharge


𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑃𝑒𝑟 𝐾𝑤𝐻 = 8000 $0.40
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑘𝑊ℎ 7000 $0.35

Number of Cycles
6000 $0.30
5000 $0.25
Cost Total $ per KWH 4000 $0.20
Number of Cycles
KWH 3000 $0.15
Cost per KWH
2000 $0.10
$10,000 48,000 $0.208 1000 $0.05
0 $0.00
$20,000 120,000 $0.168 10 % 25 % 50 % 75 % 100 %
Average Depth of Discharge

Page 23
Monitoring
After the Install: Monitoring
Using Insight
• Daily summary charts
• Simulated Power Outage
‒ Understand the behaviors of the user
‒ Battery Consumption
‒ Insure AC Coupling is working
‒ Look for conflicting settings
‒ Double check all expected circuits are backed up
Monitoring after the Install
Insuring that things are running smoothly

• Insight monitoring with Conext Box


‒ Email reporting
• Making note of the meter on the side of the
house, noting typical production
• Checking Battery voltage
• Looking for any events that may have caused
issue
• Have the customer ‘practice a power outage’ to
see how they do, before a critical event.
“New” Tree-navigation user-interface

Customize home
screen for your
specific application

View real-time
system status and
alerts
Demo

Grid-tie Decentralized
Site

Back-up Power/
Off-grid Site

Multi site comparison


Demo
Back-up Power/ Off-grid Site: Site Summary-Today

My Resort Site
Demo

My Resort Site
Demo
Back-up Power/ Off-grid Site: Battery Energy

My Resort Site
Demo
Back-up Power/ Off-grid Site: Generator Energy

My Resort Site
Case Studies

33
Conext SW – Off-grid Commercial – Stacked System - USA
Off-grid commercial – 2 x CSW4024
Application: Off-grid Community/Commercial
Location: California, USA
System: 2.8kW PV 2x MPPT-60, Stacked 2xCSW 4024
Source: Sunwise Technologies

Page 34
Conext SW – Off-grid Living - Romania
Off grid home Single CSW w/ 2 x Charger Controllers
Application: Off-grid Home
Location: Joseni, Romania
System: 4.5kW PV 2x MPPT-60, Stacked 2xCSW 4024
Source: EcoVolt Electric Systems

Page 35
Conext SW| Overall Summary

Best value for off-grid solar, self-consumption and


long-term backup for homes, small businesses and
small remote communities
● Best $/w value in the market place

● Leading performance in Surge capability & Charging efficiency

● Unique set of features to offer flexibility and maximize ROI

● Most advanced energy optimization configurable feature set to cover


wide variety of applications

● Complete balance of system & comprehensive commissioning tools


for easy installation

● Plug & play thanks to tight integration based on XanBus

● Industry leading local and remote monitoring

Confidential Property of Schneider Electric 36


salessupport@aeesolar.com.

Presented by: John Webber


John.webber@schnedier-electric.com