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S U B J E C T

Curriculum Integration Reading Program

L2
Lesson Components
BIG IDEA Let’s Focus

Connect to Yourself

Contents Map
Reading Comprehension

Graphic Organizer &


Summary
Warm Up

Chapter Wrap-up

Key Words
CHAPTER 1

Bees
1 The Work of
Honeybees 2 Hexagonal
Honeycomb Cells

What kinds of bees are What shape is


in a hive? a honeycomb cell?

ce Ma

en

th
Sci
Bees

lth s
So c

e a tu d i e
ial
St
i al

S
ud
ies Soc & H

4 The Disappearance
of Bees 3 The Sweet
Uses of Honey

BIG IDEA
How do bees live and
work?
If bees disappear, what How do you use
will happen? honey?
Science Bees
Science
The Work of
1
Bees Honeybees
hive
A hive is where bees live.

Warm Up
queen bee
Read what queen bees, worker bees,
and drones do. Then match them
with their nicknames.
queen bee busy bee
worker bee lazy bee A queen bee is a big female
drone mother bee bee. She lays eggs. Baby
bees are born from them.

Key Words drone


Look at the pictures and read the
words.

hive queen bee lay


worker bee collect drone A drone mates with the
queen bee. But it doesn’t
do any work.

worker bee

A worker bee works hard.


It collects food and makes
honey.

8 Lesson 1 • Bees 9
Science Bees

The Work of
Honeybees 01

Honeybees live and work together in a


What are the three hive. They have different jobs. There is a queen,
different kinds of bees
workers, and drones.
in a hive? drone queen worker
The queen bee is the biggest. Only one queen
bee lives in a hive. Her job is to lay eggs so new
The worker bees are the smallest in the hive,
honeybees can be born. She lays about 2,000 eggs
but there are many of them. About 50,000 to
a day during the spring.
60,000 worker bees live in one hive. They are all
female. Their job is to protect the queen. They also
collect food, make honey, and clean the hive.
There are also drones in the hive. They are
all male, and they have huge eyes. Their job is to
mate with the queen bee. They don’t even collect
food! When there isn’t enough food in winter,
they are sometimes kicked out.
The queen, workers, and drones all do their
best in a hive. In this way, their hive can grow
and stay strong.
Words 165
Connect to Yourself
Every bee in a hive has a
special job. What jobs do
you have in your house?

10 Lesson 1 • Bees 11
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct information in each box.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Worker bees make honey for the other bees. Worker Bee Queen Bee Drone
b. The queen bee is the most important bee in a hive.
c. Three types of bees live and work together in the same hive.

2. The queen bee to make new honeybees.


a. cleans the hive b. lays eggs c. collects food

3. About worker bees can live in one hive.


a. 2,000 b. 5,000 to 6,000 c. 50,000 to 60,000
It mates with the queen bee.
4. Which is NOT a job of worker bees? It lays eggs, and there is only one in a hive.
Its job is to get food, make honey, and clean the hive.
a. collecting food
b. mating with the queen bee
c. taking care of the queen bee

5. Which kind of bee is sometimes kicked out of its hive?


a. a worker bee b. a queen bee c. a drone
Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

hive protect largest


B Write the answers. eggs drones food

6. When does the queen bee lay eggs?


There are three different kinds of bees in a . The queen bee is
She lays eggs in spring .
the largest , and there is only one in a hive. She can lay .

7. Which kind of bees are the smallest in size among honeybees? The worker bees the queen. They also collect food

The worker bees are the smallest. for the hive. The are all male. They mate with the queen bee.

12 Lesson 1 • Bees 13
Math Bees
Math

Hexagonal
2 Honeycomb Cells Key Words
Bees A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Why do bees build
honeycombs?

honeycomb hexagon space

4. 5. 6.

gap wax store

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. A man tries to jump across a (job / gap) in a bridge.

2. A (circle / hexagon) has six sides.

3. Bees store their honey in a (honeycomb / drone).

4. Bees use sticky (wax / drones) to build their honeycombs.


 ees keep honey in a
B
honeycomb. 5. People (make / store) food in a fridge.

6. The living room has a lot of (space / honeycombs).

14 Lesson 2 • Bees 15
Math Bees

What about a triangular or square shape? Both


of these fit together without gaps. But more wax

Hexagonal is needed to make them. A hexagonal shape uses


less wax.
wax

Honeycomb Cells 02
Hexagonal shapes can sit safely and tightly
against each other. This makes the honeycomb
structure very strong. So it rarely breaks.
Smart honeybees know that the hexagonal
Imagine a honeycomb. It has hundreds of shape is perfect for them. It makes good use
Why do bees build small cells. What shape is each cell? Is it a circle, of space and material. It also strengthens the
hexagonal honeycomb
square, hexagon, or octagon? A honeycomb cell honeycomb so that honey can be safely stored. wax
cells instead of another
shape? has six sides, so it is a hexagon. Honeybees lay Words 172

eggs inside these hexagonal cells and store their


honey in them. But why are all honeycomb cells
shaped the same?
First, a hexagonal shape saves more space than
other shapes. What if bees built their honeycomb
cells with circular shapes? There would be gaps
between the circles. A hexagonal shape doesn’t
leave gaps and therefore saves space.

Connect to Yourself
Imagine you will build your
gap own house. What shape
would you build it?

A hexagonal shape doesn’t leave gaps.

16 Lesson 2 • Bees 17
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Match the words to make the main idea of each paragraph.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Bees think hexagonal honeycomb cells are beautiful. Paragraph 1 is perfect for honeycomb
b. Hexagonal honeycomb cells are very strong. Honeybees build cells.
c. Hexagons are the best shape for honeycomb cells.
Paragraph 2
honeycomb cells in a
A hexagonal shape doesn’t
2. A hexagon has sides. hexagonal shape.
have
a. five b. six c. seven
Paragraph 3
many gaps, so it saves
A hexagonal shape uses
3. Which is NOT a use of honeycombs? space.
less wax
a. to store honey b. to lay eggs c. to use wax
Paragraph 4
Hexagonal shapes make the very strong.
4. Which shape leaves gaps? honeycomb structure
a. circle b. hexagon c. triangle
Paragraph 5 than a triangular or square
A hexagonal shape shape.
5. The structure of honeycombs with hexagonal cells is very .
a. weak b. strong c. heavy
Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

gaps fit store


hexagon wax honeycombs
B Write the answers.
Honeybees make . They use them to their honey.
6. Why don’t bees make their honeycomb cells in a triangular shape?
A triangular shape needs more wax . Honeycomb cells are always in the shape of a for many reasons.
First, the hexagonal shapes together and don’t leave .
7. How do hexagonal shapes make a strong structure? Also, bees need less to make hexagonal cells. Finally,
Hexagonal shapes can sit safely and against each honeycombs with hexagonal cells are very strong.
other.

18 Lesson 2 • Bees 19
Social Studies & Health Bees
ial Studi

The Sweet Uses


Soc Health es

3
&

Key Words
Bees of Honey A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Do you enjoy eating honey?

honey cough heal

4. 5. 6.

I like honey with herbal tea.

appearance wash off exercise

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The doctor gave her medicine for her (honey / cough).

2. Some people put (appearance / honey) in their tea.

3. The woman checked her (cough / appearance) in the mirror.

4. We (lay / exercise) every day to stay healthy.


I often eat honey on
toast for breakfast. 5. The medicine helped my wound (heal / exercise) quickly.

6. Please (wash off / heal) the dishes and put them on the shelf.

20 Lesson 3 • Bees 21
Social Studies & Health Bees

You can also use honey


to improve your appearance. Honey
works as a great moisturizer for dry
skin. You can put it on your face for ten

The Sweet Uses minutes and then wash it off. You can also use
honey to make your hair softer.
of Honey 03 Honey can also make you stronger. If you
eat honey before you exercise, it gives you extra
energy.
Everyone knows that honeybees make honey. Honey might be delicious, but it can also be
What are some other People usually use honey to make food sweet. But used outside of the kitchen! Next time you have
uses of honey besides
did you know that honey has other uses as well? a jar of honey, use it for something new!
making food sweet?
Let’s find out what honey can do! Words 165

Honey can keep you healthy. If you have a


cough, you can take a teaspoon of honey to stop
it. You can also put honey on wounds to help
them heal. Many people also believe you can eat
honey to get a good night’s sleep.

Connect to Yourself
Have you ever used
honey for your health or
appearance?

22 Lesson 3 • Bees 23
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct information in each box.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Honey is sweet and delicious. Cough Face
b. It is best to use honey on your face.
c. Honey has many special uses.

2. You can eat a teaspoon of honey to stop .


a. hair b. coffee c. a cough Wound Exercise

3. Why do people eat honey at night?


a. It helps them get a good night’s sleep.
b. It has a lot of calories in it.
c. It relaxes their muscles.
Eat honey to get extra energy.1 Honey moisturizes dry skin.
4. Honey can soften your and skin. Take one teaspoon of honey to stop it. Use honey to heal it.

a. teeth b. bags c. hair

5. How does honey help you when you exercise? Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
a. It makes you sleepy.
b. It gives you more energy.
heal cough exercise
c. It moisturizes you.
sweetener honey appearance

B Write the answers. T here are many different uses for . We often use it as a
in our food. But honey can also be used in other ways. We can
6. Why do people put honey in food?
People put honey in food to make it . eat honey to stop a . We can also put honey on our wounds
to them. By putting honey on our skin, we can improve our
7. If you have dry skin, how long should you leave honey on your face?
. Finally, eating honey before we can give us extra
I should leave it on my face for ten minutes and then wash it
energy.
off.

24 Lesson 3 • Bees 25
Social Studies Bees

The Disappearance
cial Studies
So

4 Bees of Bees
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Did you know that some
animals are disappearing?

disappear pollinate crop


 iant pandas are protected
G
because only a few of them
4. 5. 6.
are still alive.

signal confuse poison

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. Farmers take good care of their (signals / crops).

2. The cat accidentally ate (poison / cough) and got very sick.

3. Bees (pollinate / disappear) flowers. This helps the flowers make seeds.

4. The maze (pollinated / confused) him, and he couldn’t find the exit.
 eerkats need to be
M
protected, too. 5. The rabbit (confused / disappeared) from the hat.

6. My mobile phone’s (signal / poison) was weak. So I couldn’t use it.

26 Lesson 4 • Bees 27
Social Studies Bees

Why are bees dying more quickly than before?


Some scientists believe that mobile phones are
a problem for bees. They think the signals from
phones confuse bees. This makes it harder for
them to find their way back to their hive. The
poisons used on crops are another problem. The
poisons are supposed to kill bugs that eat the
crops, but they kill bees, too!
Governments and scientists are working
together to stop bees from disappearing. What
can we do to help? One thing we can do is to use

The Disappearance less poison when we grow plants. This will make
it easier for bees to stay healthy and strong!

of Bees 04
Words 177

Albert Einstein once said that if bees ever


If bees disappear, what disappeared, humans would be in trouble.
will happen to our lives?
Many scientists today agree. Bees have been
disappearing since 2006. At this rate, bees may be
gone entirely in the near future.
Bees are more important to us than you might
think. Bees pollinate plants. Without bees, plants
Connect to Yourself
could not grow fruit. If bees died out, crops like
What kinds of things can
apples, cucumbers, and grapefruits could die, too! you do at home to help
bees?

28 Lesson 4 • Bees 29
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct title for each paragraph.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
Paragraph 1
a. Bees pollinate the plants that we eat, so they are important.
b. Albert Einstein worried about bees a lot. Paragraph 2
c. Bees are disappearing, and this will be a problem for people.
Paragraph 3
2. When did bees start disappearing?
Paragraph 4
a. in 2004 b. in 2006 c. in 2010

3. If there were no bees, what would happen to plants?


Why Bees Are Important
a. They could not grow fruit.
What We Can Do for Bees
b. They could not grow leaves.
What Is Causing Bees to Disappear
c. They could not take in water.
What Albert Einstein Said about Bees
4. Some
 scientists think that signals from cause bees to get
lost.
a. poisons b. mobile phones c. other insects

5. The poisons used on crops are supposed to kill , but they kill
, too.
a. crops, bees Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
b. bugs that eat bees, crops
c. bugs that eat crops, bees
bees crops signals
poison pollinate disappear

B Write the answers.


Bees are starting to . This is bad for humans because we need bees
6. What did Albert Einstein say about bees?
to the that we eat. Some scientists think there are
Albert Einstein said that if bees , we would be in .
a few reasons for their disappearance. One is that mobile phone
confuse bees. Another is that the used on crops kills .
7. When you grow plants, how can you help bees?
We can use less poison . We should find ways to protect bees.

30 Lesson 4 • Bees 31
CHAPTER 2

Cities
5 Urban Cities and
Suburban Neighborhoods 6 Chopin’s Heart
Rests in Warsaw

Do you live in a city? Do you like your


hometown?

ies Mu
tud

lS

sic
Socia
Cities

Sc

ts
nc
Sp

or
ie
e

8 Animals Adapting
to City Life 7 Stickball

BIG IDEA
What types of things can
you do in a city?
How do animals change Why is stickball a great
to live in the city? game to play in the city?
Social Studies Cities

Urban Cities and


cial Studies
So

5
C i ti e s Suburban Neighborhoods
Warm Up
Do you live in an urban area
or a suburban area?

Urban Suburban
Area Area
Key Words
Look at the pictures and
read the words.

urban population
apartment transportation
museum suburban

public transportation

Urban areas have large populations.


There are tall apartment buildings, Suburban areas are a good
museums, and theaters. place for a big family.

34 Lesson 5 • Cities 35
Social Studies Cities

Urban Cities and


Suburban Neighborhoods 05

Urban areas are what we know as cities. Outside of urban areas are suburban areas.
What are some New York City, London, and Seoul are The populations of suburban areas are smaller
differences between
examples. Urban areas have large populations than urban areas. Since there are fewer people,
urban and suburban
areas? of more than 50,000 people. Since there are there is a lot more space. Many people live in
so many people, there is not a lot of space. So houses with a yard, and they also own cars. In houses in a suburban area
buildings are taller and closer together. Most suburban areas, you can go for bike rides and
people live in apartment buildings. Urban areas visit parks and gardens. Suburban areas are a
have good public transportation. You can visit good place to live if you have a big family.
museums or theaters. There are also many As you can see, urban and suburban areas
companies for people to work at. are different. However, you should remember
that urban and suburban areas are closely
related. Many people work in an urban area
and live in a suburban area. On weekdays, they
work and entertain themselves in the city. Then
they enjoy peaceful and quiet weekends at their
houses in suburban areas.
Words 201

Connect to Yourself
Which kind of area would
you prefer to live in?

36 Lesson 5 • Cities 37
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct information in each box.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Urban and suburban areas are different but closely related. Urban Areas Suburban Areas
b. Urban areas are much better than suburban areas. Population
c. Urban and suburban areas are different and not related at all.
Where to Live
2. How are the buildings in urban areas?
Where to Visit
a. old b. short c. tall
Advantage
3. Which is NOT true about suburban areas?
a. They are good places to go for bike rides. apartment buildings houses with yards
b. Many people live in apartment buildings. parks and gardens museums and theaters
c. Many people in these areas own cars. small populations large populations
many places to work good places for big families to live
4. Suburban areas are a good place if you .
a. have a small family
b. live alone
c. have a big family
Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
5. There is good public transportation in urban areas. True False

peaceful urban transportation


6. Urban areas are good places to enjoy quiet weekends. True False
space different populations

Cities are also called areas. There are many people, but not much
B Write the answers.
. However, there is good public and interesting
7. What is the population of an urban area?
places like museums and theaters. Suburban areas have smaller
An urban area has a population of more than .
and more space. They are places to live. You can live in a house,
8. How are suburban areas and urban areas connected? visit parks, and ride a bike. Urban and suburban areas are but
Many people work in urban areas and live in suburban
closely connected.
areas.

38 Lesson 5 • Cities 39
Music Cities
Music
Chopin’s Heart
6
C i ti e s Rests in Warsaw
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Do you like your hometown?
Why?

pianist forget miss

4. 5. 6.

war bury wish

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. Her birthday (wish / war) is to visit Disneyland.

2. I (miss / disappear) my grandmother’s cookies.

3. He practiced very hard to become a (crop / pianist).

4. They like to (forget / bury) themselves in the sand.


I ’m from Toronto, Canada. I like my hometown
5. She (forgot / missed) to do her homework.
because it snows a lot in winter.
6. Many soldiers died in the (pianist / war).

40 Lesson 6 • Cities 41
Music Cities

Chopin ’s Heart
Rests in Warsaw 06

Chopin’s grave is in Paris.

Frederic Chopin was a famous pianist Because of war, he could not go back to
What did Chopin do to and composer. He traveled to many places in Warsaw. Instead, in Paris, he began composing
show his love for his
Europe. But he never forgot his deep love for his music about his hometown. He wrote many
hometown?
hometown: Warsaw, Poland. mazurkas. Mazurkas are a type of Polish dance
Chopin was born in Warsaw in 1810. He music. These works made him famous.
first studied music at the Warsaw Main School When Chopin died, he was buried in Paris.
of Music. His skill grew and grew, and soon he But before his death, Chopin insisted that his
moved to Paris. At that time, Paris was a great heart be taken to his hometown. According to his
Chopin’s heart is buried at
city for composers to work wishes, his sister took his heart and buried it in Holy Cross Church in Warsaw.

on their music. However, Paris


Warsaw Warsaw. This way, Chopin’s heart could rest in
Chopin missed Warsaw and the city that he loved. Connect to Yourself
wanted to return. Words 164
What is your favorite
memory of your
hometown?
Warsaw & Paris

42 Lesson 6 • Cities 43
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct sentence in each box.

1. What is the passage mainly about?


Cause 1 Effect 1
a. Frederic Chopin’s life in Paris
Chopin could not go back to
b. Frederic Chopin and mazurkas
Warsaw.
c. Frederic Chopin’s love for his hometown

Cause 2 Effect 2
2. Where was Chopin’s hometown?
The works made Chopin famous.
a. London b. Warsaw c. Paris

3. Paris was a city for . Effect 3


Cause 3
a. great, composers b. great, teachers c. dangerous, composers

4. Which is NOT true about Chopin?


a. He studied music at the Warsaw Main School of Music. Chopin wrote many mazurkas. Chopin told his sister his wishes.
b. He had a deep love for his hometown, Warsaw. A war broke out.1 Chopin’s heart was buried in Warsaw.
c. He wrote many mazurkas in Warsaw.

Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
5. When Chopin died, his sister buried his in Warsaw.
a. heart b. songs c. musical scores
returned wishes missed
pianist mazurkas hometown
B Write the answers.
The famous Frederic Chopin was from Warsaw, Poland. Though
6. Who was Chopin?
Chopin left Warsaw, he his hometown very much. While he was
He was a famous and .
in Paris, he wrote many . Before he died, he said his heart should

7. What are mazurkas? be to Warsaw. According to his , his sister buried his
They are a type of Polish . heart in his .

44 Lesson 6 • Cities 45
Sports Cities
Sports

7 Stickball
C i ti e s
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
What kinds of sports do
people enjoy in urban areas?

narrow sack equipment


A girl is skateboarding
in the city. 4. 5. 6.

rubber handle replace

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The (rubber / handle) bands are soft and easy to stretch.

2. We need (equipment / transportation) such as gloves and bats to play baseball.

3. The road is very (magical / narrow), so trucks cannot drive on it.

4. I want to (confuse / replace) my old cell phone with a new smartphone.


T hey are playing basketball 5. I grabbed the mop (sack / handle) with my right hand.
in the city.
6. She bought a (signal / sack) of sugar at the store.

46 Lesson 7 • Cities 47
Sports Cities

Stickball 07
Stickball has almost the same rules as baseball,
but you need less equipment to play it. To play
Stickball is a fun sport that can be played on baseball, you need gloves, bats, balls, helmets,
What is stickball? city streets. It is like a special version of baseball. and more. However, common objects can be used
Because it is so simple, kids of all ages can play it. to play stickball. For example, a pink rubber ball
A lot of space is needed to play baseball. called a Spaldeen is used instead of a baseball. A
However, stickball can be played in small mop handle or stick replaces the bat. This is how
areas in the city. You can even play it between the game got its name, stickball!
two apartment buildings or on narrow streets. Next time you’re bored, don’t turn on a video
Manhole covers or sacks of dirt are often used as game. Find some everyday objects and play
the bases. stickball with your friends!
Words 165

Connect to Yourself
What equipment would
you use to play stickball?

48 Lesson 7 • Cities 49
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct information in each box.

1. What is the main idea of this passage?


Baseball Stickball
a. Stickball is a sport that requires expensive equipment.
b. Stickball is more fun than video games.
c. Stickball is an urban sport that can be played anywhere. Space

2. Stickball is like a special version of .


a. soccer b. baseball c. basketball Equipment

3. Sacks of dirt and can be used as the bases for stickball.


a. mop handles b. manhole covers c. gloves in a small place
in a large place
common things such as a rubber ball and a stick
4. What is the name of the pink rubber ball used to play stickball?
gloves, bats, and other equipment
a. a stickball b. a softball c. a Spaldeen

5. Which is NOT true about stickball?


a. It has almost the same rules as baseball. Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
b. It is simple, and kids of all ages can play it.
c. It requires the same equipment as baseball.
rubber rules bat
equipment baseball narrow

B Write the answers.


Stickball is a sport that can be played on city streets. It has
6. Where can we play stickball? almost the same as baseball. However, it uses different
We can play stickball two apartment buildings or on narrow
. Common objects are used to play stickball. A ball
.
called a Spaldeen is used instead of a . A mop handle or stick is
7. How did stickball get its name? used as a .
It got its name because a mop or is used to play it.

50 Lesson 7 • Cities 51
Science Cities
Science
Animals Adapting
8
C i ti e s to City Life
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Do you think cities are good places for animals to live in?
If not, check the things that are bad for animals.

factory pollution hide

4. 5. 6.

mate crack swoop

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The lion found its (pollution / mate).


noise
clean air 2. I can (crack / swoop) the nuts with this tool.
polluted air
3. A boy wanted to (hide / crack) behind the tree.
less food
enough green places 4. Some people work in (factories / handles).
fewer green places
5. The smoke from factories causes air (mates / pollution).

6. The eagle (swooped / hid) down to grab the food.

52 Lesson 8 • Cities 53
Science Cities

Animals Adapting
to City Life 08

Cities are full of tall buildings, factories, and The great tit changes its voice to survive in
What do the peppered cars. They are very useful places for people to the city. It sings to find a mate. But in the city, it is
moth, the great tit, and
live. However, for animals, living in a city can be too noisy for other birds to hear it singing. So the
the crow do to survive
in the city? tough. This is why some animals have changed to great tit changes its song to a higher pitch.
survive city life. In the forest, the crow drops seeds and nuts
The peppered moth, for example, changes from high above to crack them on the ground. a crow

its color to survive in the city. There is a lot of Then it can get the food inside. However, the city
air pollution in the city. This makes the surface crow has a better method. It drops its seeds on
of trees darker. The peppered moth changes to a the street and waits for cars to crush them. Then it
darker color to match the trees. In this way, it can swoops down and grabs its meal.
hide from other animals. Words 188

Connect to Yourself
Have you ever seen any
wild animals in your city?
What were they? How do
they survive in the city?

A peppered moth can change its color.

54 Lesson 8 • Cities 55
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct sentence in each box.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. The animals in cities change their colors. Cause Effect
b. Cities are useful places for both people and animals.
c. Some animals have changed in order to live in cities. Peppered Moth Air pollution makes trees darker.

2. Living in a city can be for people, but it can be for animals.


a. useful, interesting b. useful, difficult c. difficult, nice Great Tit

It needs to crack seeds and nuts


3. The peppered moth changes color to match the .
Crow to get the food inside, and there
a. people b. cars c. trees are many cars in the city.

4. What does the great tit have to change to survive in the city?
It can get its meal after cars crush the nuts or seeds.
a. its song b its color c. its mate It changes its song to a higher pitch.
It changes to a darker color.
5. How does the city crow crush seeds? The city is too noisy for other birds to hear it singing.
a. It crushes them with its teeth.
b. It waits for cars to do it.
c. It makes other animals do it. Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

survive cars dropping


pitch useful color

B Write the answers.


T he city is a place for people to live. However, some animals
6. Why does the peppered moth change color?
change to there. The peppered moth changes its
It changes color to hide from other .
to match the darker trees. The great tit sings at a higher to find

7. Why does the great tit sing? its mate. And the city crow feeds itself by seeds and waiting for

It sings to find a mate . to crush them.

56 Lesson 8 • Cities 57
CHAPTER 3

The Sea
9 The Pacific Ocean 10 Surviving under
the Sea
Asia North America

The Pacific Ocean

South America
Australia

What is the biggest How do sea animals


ocean in the world? survive under the sea?

dies Sci
tu e

nc
al
Soci

e
The Sea

Soc & M

or y
i al
S
u s t ud i e Hi

st
ic s

12 Making Music
with the Sea 11 Jacques Piccard

BIG IDEA
Have you ever spent time
by the sea? How did it
What do you think Do you want to travel
make you feel?
a sea organ is? beneath the ocean?
Social Studies The Sea
cial Studies
So

9 The Pacific Ocean


The Sea
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
What do you like to do
at the sea?

ocean depth continent

I like to go fishing. 4. 5. 6.

peaceful earthquake volcano

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The (depth / earthquake) made all the buildings shake.

2. Asia is the biggest (ocean / continent) in the world.

3. After the huge waves passed, the sea became quiet and (peaceful / noisy).

4. A (continent / volcano) is a big mountain with hot lava inside.


I like to go snorkeling. I can 5. The (ocean / earthquake) is a very large sea.
see beautiful fish in the water.
6. He was surprised at the great (mate / depth) of the water.

60 Lesson 9 • The Sea 61


Social Studies The Sea

Europe
Asia
North America

Africa
The Pacific Ocean

South America

Australia

The Pacific Ocean 09

The earth has five oceans. They are the The Pacific Ocean is big enough to be home
How big is the Pacific Antarctic, Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific to many sea animals. In this ocean, you can find
Ocean?
Oceans. The largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean. It large animals like whales, sharks, and dolphins.
covers more than 30% of the earth’s surface. This You can also find smaller animals like stingrays
ocean is bigger than all the land on the earth! The and eels.
Pacific Ocean is also the earth’s deepest ocean. Its The name Pacific means “peaceful.”
average depth is about 3,800 meters. However, there is plenty of danger in this ocean.
Because the Pacific Ocean is so big, there Earthquakes and tsunamis often occur in the
are many continents around it. It touches South Pacific Ocean. Most of the earth’s volcanoes are
America and North America to the east. It also located there, too. Around the Pacific Ocean,
touches Asia and Australia to the west. many volcanoes form a ring underneath the sea. Connect to Yourself
This area is called the Ring of Fire. If you visited the Pacific
Words 178 Ocean, what would you
want to do?

62 Lesson 9 • The Sea 63


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct title for each paragraph.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
Paragraph 1
a. The Pacific Ocean has earthquakes.
b. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean on the earth. Paragraph 2
c. Different kinds of sea animals live in the Pacific Ocean.
Paragraph 3

2. How large is the Pacific Ocean? Paragraph 4

a. It is the second largest ocean in the world.


The Sea Animals in the Pacific Ocean
b. It is smaller than all the land on the earth.
The Size of the Pacific Ocean
c. It covers more than 30 percent of the earth’s surface.
The Dangers of the Pacific Ocean
The Continents around the Pacific Ocean
3. Which is NOT a continent around the Pacific Ocean?
a. Asia b. Africa c. South America

4. The Pacific Ocean is so big that many live there.


a. people b. birds c. sea animals
Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

5. Stingrays do not live in the Pacific Ocean. True False


eels west volcanoes
6. Most of the earth’s volcanoes are located in the Pacific Ocean. True False east dangerous largest

The earth’s ocean is the Pacific Ocean. It is also the deepest


B Write the answers.
ocean. It touches South and North America to the and Asia
7. What does the name Pacific mean? . Many animals live in it, including whales,
and Australia to the
It means peaceful .
sharks, and . Although the name Pacific means “peaceful,” it is
a place. Earthquakes and tsunamis often occur, and there are
8. What is the name of the group of volcanoes around the Pacific Ocean?
It is called the Ring of Fire . many .

64 Lesson 9 • The Sea 65


Science The Sea
Science
Surviving
10 under the Sea
The Sea

Warm Up
Read and guess what each sea animal is.
sea urchin
Then write the correct numbers on the pictures.

1. When I am angry, I squirt black ink. shark


2. Sometimes
 my body puffs up and gets bigger.
3. I can gulp a lot of water using my big mouth.
4. My body’s texture is strange, but I am colorful.
5. I  have hard spines. They sometimes release
poison.
1.

Key Words
Look at the pictures and read the words.

texture squirt gulp pufferf ish


puff up spine release

octopus coral reef

66 Lesson 10 • The Sea 67


Science The Sea

Surviving
under the Sea 10

The ocean can be a dark and scary place! Just The pufferfish stays safe by
How do sea animals like animals on land, sea animals have to work scaring its enemies. It gulps water and air to
protect themselves?
hard to keep themselves safe. Many sea animals puff up like a balloon. This makes it look bigger.
do special things to protect themselves from It also has spines and can release deadly poison.
danger. The sea cucumber fights its enemies. It
The octopus hides itself by changing its color releases sticky, white threads. These threads a sea cucumber
and texture. It can turn brown, red, or gray. Its tangle up enemies, such as crabs or fish. If this
texture changes to look like rock or sand. Even doesn’t work, the sea cucumber can squirt its
when enemies find it, the octopus keeps them organs from its tail to protect itself. The organs
away by squirting a cloud of black ink. have poison in them. The poison hurts animals
that try to eat the sea cucumber. Then, the sea
cucumber can be safe.
The octopus looks like the rock.
Many sea animals do interesting things to
keep themselves out of danger. In this way, they
can all survive in the ocean together.
Words 196

Connect to Yourself
Do you know any other
animals that have a
special way of protecting
themselves?

The octopus can squirt black ink.


68 Lesson 10 • The Sea 69
Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct letters in each box.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Some sea animals protect each other from their enemies. Octopus Pufferfish Sea Cucumber
b. Some sea animals can change their color to protect themselves.
c. Some sea animals have special ways of surviving under the sea.

2. Which animal protects itself by squirting black ink?


a. octopus b. pufferfish c. sea cucumber
a. scares its enemies b. fights its enemies
c. hides itself d. squirts black ink
3. The pufferfish gulps water and to puff up like a . e. tangles up its enemies f . makes its body bigger
a. air, spine b. air, balloon c. ink, shark g. squirts poisonous organs h. changes its color and texture
i. has spines and releases poison

4. What does the sea cucumber use to tangle up its enemies?


a. black ink b. long legs c. sticky threads

5. The sea cucumber has in its organs.


a. perfume b. poison c. nutrients Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

tangle scares changing


bigger sticky squirt
B Write the answers.
Some sea animals have special ways of protecting themselves. The octopus
6. What does the pufferfish release to stay safe?
hides by its color and texture. It can also black
It releases deadly poison .
ink. The pufferfish its enemies. It takes in water and air to make
itself . The sea cucumber fights its enemies. It releases white,
7. What can the octopus look like when it changes its texture?
It can look like rock or sand . threads that them up.

70 Lesson 10 • The Sea 71


History The Sea
History

11 Jacques Piccard
The Sea
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
What are submarines?
Why did people invent them?

dive submarine invent


Submarines are ships
that can go underwater.
4. 5. 6.

tourist preserve research

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. Many scientists (research / dive) new kinds of medicine.

2. We should plant trees to (gulp / preserve) the earth.

3. He (dived / invented) a new robot for children.

4. People can see fish and sharks from a (submarine / tourist).


S ubmarines help scientists
5. He wanted to (dive / squirt) into the deep sea.
study sea plants and animals.
6. Many (tourists / submarines) like to take pictures in front of the building.

72 Lesson 11 • The Sea 73


History the Sea

Jacques Piccard 11

When Jacques Piccard was nine, he watched After that, Jacques began to work for NASA.
What did Jacques his father fly high into the sky in a large balloon. There, he invented the first tourist submarines.
Piccard invent?
His father was a scientist and an explorer. Like In 1964, he took people into the deep water of
his father, Jacques was interested in exploring Lake Geneva, Switzerland. These submarines
mysterious places. He wanted to dive deep into allowed normal people to travel down into the
the ocean. water, deeper than they could before.
Eventually, Jacques helped his father invent In the 1970s, he formed an organization to
a submarine. The submarine allowed people study and preserve seas and lakes. He spent
to go deeper into the ocean than ever before. the rest of his life researching the dangers of the
On January 23, 1960, Jacques and Don Walsh of deep sea, before he died at the age of 86.
the U.S. Navy traveled more than 11 kilometers Words 181

down into the Pacific Ocean. It took almost


five hours. It is still the deepest human Connect to Yourself
dive in history. Would you like to take a
trip in a submarine? Why
or why not?

74 Lesson 11 • The Sea 75


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the numbers in the correct order.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Jacques Piccard explored the sky and the ocean. Jacques made a submarine for tourists and traveled into Lake Geneva.
b. Jacques Piccard and his father preserved seas and lakes.
c. Jacques Piccard invented submarines and studied the sea. Jacques helped his father to create a submarine.
2. What did Jacques see when he was nine?
a. He saw a submarine and sea animals. Jacques founded a group to study and save seas and lakes.
b. He saw his father fly into the sky in a large balloon.
c. He saw his father exploring the sea. Jacques succeeded in going down over 11 kilometers into the Pacific Ocean.

3. Jacques and Don Walsh .


a. traveled into the ocean with many tourists
b. worked for NASA
c. dived more than 11 kilometers down into the ocean

4. In 1964, where did Jacques travel with tourists?


a. into Lake Geneva b. into the air c. into the Pacific Ocean

5. Jacques studied . Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
a. energy from the sea
b. hot air balloons
c. the dangers of the deep sea lakes submarine dive
tourist explorer preserve

B Write the answers. Jacques Piccard’s father was a scientist and . Jacques and his father
invented a . In 1960, he used it to go more than 11 kilometers
6.  When Jacques traveled deep into the Pacific Ocean, how long did it take?
under the ocean. It took almost five hours and was the deepest human
It took almost five hours .
ever. Later, Jacques worked for NASA and invented the first
7. Why is Jacques’s dive in 1960 important? submarines. He also started an organization to seas
It is still the deepest human dive in history. and .

76 Lesson 11 • The Sea 77


Social Studies & Music the Sea
ial Studi

Making Music
Soc& Music es

12 with the Sea


The Sea
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Have you ever played music with
an interesting instrument?

organ design step


Wind makes
beautiful music. 4. 5. 6.

coast tube movement

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The land near the sea is called the (movement / coast).

2. You must walk up the (steps / movement) to get to the door.

3. The (coast / tube) looked like a pipe.

4. Alex tried to (design / dive) special clothes.

 man is playing music by


A 5. I didn’t see any (movement / depth) in the empty room.
blowing into a sea shell.
6. She is playing beautiful music on the church (tube / organ).

78 Lesson 12 • The Sea 79


Social Studies & Music The Sea

Making Music
with the Sea 12

I love traveling! Don’t you? On a recent I wondered how the organ would make
What causes the Sea trip to Croatia, I saw the amazing Sea Organ. It music. Then I saw how it worked. The
Organ to make music?
makes music just like a regular organ, but it is movement of the sea pushed air into the organ.
played by the sea! After the air went through the tubes, it came out
The Sea Organ is in Zadar, Croatia. An of the holes on top. When that happened, you
architect named Nikola Basic designed it. He could hear different musical notes!
even won a special design award for it. The sound of the Sea Organ was the most
The Sea Organ was beautiful. It was made beautiful thing I have ever heard. I hope you can
of steps of white stone. These steps were 70 sit by the sea and enjoy the Sea Organ’s music
meters long. They ran along the coast of the sea. someday.
Underneath them, there were 35 musical tubes. Words 181

I could see the openings of the tubes along the


top of the steps.

Connect to Yourself
What’s your favorite
instrument? How does it
work?

80 Lesson 12 • The Sea 81


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the numbers in the correct order.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. The Sea Organ is played by the sea. How the Sea Organ Works

b. The Sea Organ is famous for its sound.


The air goes through the tubes.
c. The Sea Organ is a normal organ under the sea.

You can hear the music.


2. Nikola Basic is who designed the Sea Organ.
a. a musician b. an architect c. an engineer The movement of the sea pushes air into the organ.

3. What are the steps of the Sea Organ made of? The air comes out of the holes on top of the tubes.
a. sand b. white stone c. wooden keys

4. The writer saw the of the musical .


a. openings, tubes b. openings, water c. fish, tubes

5. Which is NOT true about the writer?


a. The writer recently visited Croatia. Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
b. The writer thought the Sea Organ’s sound was beautiful.
c. The writer couldn’t understand how the Sea Organ works.
stone coast music
sea pushes movement

B Write the answers.


The Sea Organ is located in Zadar, Croatia. It is along the and is
6. How long are the steps of the Sea Organ?
played by the . It is made of steps of white .
They are long.
Underneath the steps, there are 35 musical tubes. The Sea Organ makes music

7. What pushes air into the organ? by using the of the sea. When the sea air into the

The movement of the sea pushes it into the organ. organ, people can listen to fantastic .

82 Lesson 12 • The Sea 83


CHAPTER 4

The Sun
13 The Sun: The Most
Important Star 14 The Ten Chinese
Suns

What do you know Why is there only one


about the sun? sun in the sky?

Soci
e al
nc S

tud
Sci

ies
The Sun

Soc & S

ies
S

ud
ial c
ien tudie
i al

St
ce s Soc

16 White Nights in
St. Petersburg 15 Olives Are Gifts
from the Sun

BIG IDEA
What does the sun give
us?
Have you ever seen What do olives need
sunlight at night? to grow?
Science The Sun
Science
The Sun: The Most
13 Important Star
The Sun
1. The sun is one of the many
stars in the universe. Stars
Warm Up make their own light.
How many facts do you know about
the sun? Check the facts you know.

Key Words
Look at the pictures and read the core
words.

earth across surface 2. The sun is about 1 million


temperature core universe kilometers across.

1,000,000 km

3. The sun’s temperature


surface is much higher than the
earth’s.
4. The sun’s core is hotter
than its surface.

86 Lesson 13 • The Sun 87


Science The Sun

How big is the sun?


The sun is much bigger than the earth. It is
more than 1 million kilometers across. That’s the earth

about 109 times larger than the earth!

the sun
How hot is the sun?

The Sun: The Most The sun is very hot. Like all stars, it is
a burning ball of gas. Its average surface

Important Star 13
temperature is 5,700 degrees Celsius. But its core
is about 15 million degrees Celsius. The earth’s
average surface temperature is only 20 degrees
The sun is a very hot star. What do you know Celsius.
Why is the sun about it?
15,000,000 °C
important to the earth?
How important is the sun to us? 5,700 °C

How far away is the sun? The sun gives the earth light and energy. It
The sun is the closest star to the earth. But it’s keeps us warm. It also helps plants grow. Without
still about 150 million kilometers away. If you the sun, people could not live on the earth.
drove a car, it would take more than 160 years to
get there. However, other stars are much farther Actually, the sun is not unique in the universe.
away. The sun is a common middle-sized star. But the
sun is the most important star to the earth. When
you think about stars, don’t forget about the sun! Connect to Yourself
Words 182
What would happen to us
without the sun?

88 Lesson 13 • The Sun 89


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct information in each box.

1. What is this passage mainly about?


Distance from Size
a. the size of the sun the Earth
b. facts about the sun
c. the history of the sun

2. Compared to the sun, why do other stars look like little dots?
a. They are smaller than the sun. Temperature Importance
b. They are farther away than the sun.
c. They are not as bright as the sun.

3. The sun is about 109 times than the earth.


a. hotter b. larger c. faster
It gives the earth light and energy.
4. Which is NOT true about the sun?
It is about 1 million kilometers across.
a. It helps trees and f lowers grow.
It is about 150 million kilometers away from the earth.
b. Its core is about 15 million degrees Celsius. The average surface temperature is 5,700 degrees Celsius.
c. It is the biggest star in the universe.

5. Without the sun, the earth would be .


a. too hot b. too bright c. too dark Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

earth core grow


warm star bigger
B Write the answers.
T he sun is about 150 million kilometers from the . It’s much
6. What is the sun?
and hotter than the earth. Its temperature is about
It is a burning ball of .
15 million degrees Celsius. The sun is very important to us. It gives us light
and keeps us . It also helps plants . The sun is the
7. What does the sun give the earth?
most important to us.
It gives the earth light and .

90 Lesson 13 • The Sun 91


Social Studies The Sun
cial Studies
So

14 The Ten Chinese Suns


The Sun
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Do you know any myths
about the sun?

Helios is the Greek sun god.


He rides the chariot of the sun every
day to give light and heat to the world. goddess heat pray

4. 5. 6.

frighten shoot punish

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. People try to (frighten / pray) each other on Halloween.

2. Your parents will (design / punish) you if you tell a lie.

3. A female god is called a (goddess / human).

4. The man (punished / prayed) that his family would stay healthy.

I n ancient Egypt, people believed in 5. The (heat / core) from the sun keeps us warm.
a sun god. He has a falcon head and
6. I tried to (frighten / shoot) an arrow.
a sun disk on his head.

92 Lesson 14 • The Sun 93


Social Studies The Sun

Dijun decided to scare the ten suns. He sent


Houyi, the god of archery, to frighten them. But
Houyi started to shoot the suns down. When
there was only one left, the people asked him not
to shoot it down. They needed at least one sun.
Without it, they wouldn’t have any light. Houyi
agreed and let the last sun live. The lonely sun
went across the sky every day.
The Ten Chinese Suns 14 But, Dijun was angry at Houyi. He only
wanted Houyi to scare the suns,
Once upon a time, there were ten suns. They but he killed them. So
What happened to the lived in a mulberry tree in the East. Their mother Dijun punished Houyi.
ten suns?
was the sun goddess Xihe. Every day, only one He made him live as a
of the suns would travel across the sky with its human.
Words 194
mother.
However, one day, the suns made a plan. Before
their mother came, they all went up to the sky
together. Soon the world became too bright and too
hot. The heat dried the land. People couldn’t grow
food. All of the rivers dried up, too. So the people
prayed to the sun god Dijun for help.

Connect to Yourself
Do you think that Houyi’s
actions were good or
bad?

94 Lesson 14 • The Sun 95


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the numbers in the correct order.

1. What is this passage mainly about?


The ten suns all went up to the sky and dried the land.
a. a Chinese myth about where the sun goes at night
b. a Chinese myth about why we only have one sun
Houyi shot nine suns down, and there was only one sun left.
c. a Chinese myth about why the sun is so hot

2. The ten suns made a plan . Dijun got angry and made Houyi live as a human.
a. to go into the sky together
b. to wait for their mother
People prayed to the sun god Dijun for help.
c. to visit Houyi

3. People couldn’t grow food because . Dijun sent Houyi to scare the suns.
a. the suns prayed for help
b. the suns dried the land
c. the suns shot each other

4. What did Dijun do after the people prayed?


a. He prayed to Houyi for help.
b. He sent Houyi to frighten the suns.
c. He shot an arrow at the suns. Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
5. What does the word it in the third paragraph refer to?
a. the sun god b. the last sun c. the sky
across scare ten
prayed shot hot
B Write the answers.
Once upon a time, there were suns. One day, they all went
6. What happened when all of the suns went into the sky together?
into the sky together. The world became . So, the people
The world became too bright and too hot .
too to Dijun for help. Dijun sent Houyi to the suns.
7. Why was Dijun angry at Houyi? the suns down and left only one. The lonely sun
However, Houyi
He just wanted Houyi to the suns, but he them
went the sky every day.
instead.

96 Lesson 14 • The Sun 97


Social Studies The Sun

Olives Are Gifts


cial Studies
So

15 from the Sun


The Sun
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up 1. 2. 3.
Have you ever tried olives?
Check the one you like the most.

dry sunlight dish

4. 5. 6.

Olives on pizza Olive oil dipping sauce with bread pickled topping bitter

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The chef let us taste his new (sunlight / dish).

2. Strawberries make a good (goddess / topping) on ice cream.

3. Plants need (surface / sunlight) to grow well.

4. Medicine is hard to take because it usually tastes (dry / bitter).

5. Olives in salty water are called (pickled / bitter) olives.


Olives in bread Olives in salad
6. Deserts are very (dry / pickled) places.

98 Lesson 15 • The Sun 99


Social Studies The Sun

Olives are used in many Mediterranean


dishes. They are usually pickled or made into
oil. Pickled olives are an excellent topping on
pizza. They match well with cheese and tomato
sauce. People also love to use olive oil as a salad
dressing. It gives fruit and vegetables a richer olives as a topping on pizza

Olives Are Gifts taste.


Olives are good for your health. They have

from the Sun 15


a lot of iron and vitamin E. They are also a great
source of fiber. The fat in olive oil is good
for you, too.

Humans have enjoyed eating olives for a very Enjoy the special bitter taste of olives
Why is the sun long time. In fact, people were growing them over for your health! They are truly gifts
important to olives?
8,000 years ago! They aren’t hard to grow. But from the sun.
What are two ways to Words 188
enjoy olives? they need a lot of sun.
Olives grow well in Mediterranean countries,
such as Italy and Spain. This is because they have
hot, dry summers. Olives should get six hours of
direct sunlight every day. If they don’t, they won’t
grow well. To help them
grow, farmers cut away
the leaves of the trees. Connect to Yourself
This lets sunlight reach all What is your favorite
way to eat olives?
of the olives.
Mediterranean countries

100 Lesson 15 • The Sun 101


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the main idea of each paragraph.
1 What is the main idea of this passage?
Paragraph 1 
a. Olives are very difficult to plant and grow.
b. Olives in Mediterranean countries have a unique taste and smell. Paragraph 2
c. Olives are a healthy food and need a lot of sun to grow.
Paragraph 3
2. Olives grow well in Mediterranean countries because .
Paragraph 4 
a. they are near the sea
b. they have hot and dry summers Paragraph 5 
c. they are very cool at night

3. How many hours of direct sunlight should olives get every day? Olives grow well in hot and dry places.
a. four b. six c. eight People have been growing olives for 8,000 years.
Olives are good for your health.
4. What do farmers do to help olives grow? Olives are a good gift from the sun.
a. They give the trees a lot of water. Olives are found in many Mediterranean dishes.
b. They keep them in a shaded area.
c. They cut away the tree leaves.

5. Olive oil gives fruit and vegetables a taste.


a. richer b. salty c. sweet Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.

pickled oil nutrients


gifts sunlight Mediterranean
B Write the answers.
Olives need a lot of to grow. So they grow well in
6. What is most commonly done with olives?
countries, such as Italy and Spain. People like to eat olives and
They are usually pickled or made into .
olive . Olives are good for your health too. They have a lot of good
. Olives are truly from the sun!
7. What kinds of nutrients do olives have?
They have a lot of iron , vitamin E, , and healthy fat.

102 Lesson 15 • The Sun 103


Social Studies & Science The Sun
ial Stud
Soc Scienceies

White Nights
&

16 in St. Petersburg
The Sun
Key Words
A Look at the pictures and read the words.

Warm Up North Pole 1. 2. 3.


Do you know what a white
night is?

set rise performance

White nights happen in 4. 5. 6.


areas close to the earth’s poles.
South Pole

costume pirate fireworks

B Read and choose the correct words.

1. The (pirates / fireworks) were very bright in the dark sky.

2. The audience clapped at the end of the (costume / performance).

3. The sun (rises / sets) in the morning.

4. The (pirate / fireworks) had a parrot on his shoulder.


 ou can see the sun almost 24 hours
Y
a day during the white night season. 5. In the evening, the sun (rises / sets) in the west.

6. People are wearing interesting (costumes / performances) at the parade.

104 Lesson 16 • The Sun 105


Social Studies & Science The Sun

White Nights
in St. Petersburg 16

In some places very far north, the sun never The arts are very important in Russia. So there
What kinds of events fully sets at certain times of the year. are special operas, classical music concerts, and
take place during the
St. Petersburg in Russia is the best place to enjoy ballet performances at the Mariinsky Theater.
White Nights Festival?
this. In summer, the sun sets around midnight These are called the Stars of the White Nights.
and rises again at 4 a.m. Even after the sun sets, World famous musicians and dancers perform in a ballet performance at the Mariinsky
Theater

the sky appears white at night. So even without the shows.


streetlights, it’s not dark outside. During this time, There are also several carnivals during the
more than 250,000 tourists festival. The largest one is held at the Peterhof
visit St. Petersburg to enjoy St. Pertesburg Palace. Here, actors dress up in creative costumes.
the White Nights Festival. Russia
They act out famous scenes from Russian history.
Moscow
The most popular event during the festival is
called Scarlet Sails. It happens at the Neva River.
It includes musical performances, boats full of
St. Petersburg in Russia

Connect to Yourself
pirates, and amazing fireworks! The event lasts
Which event or performance
all night long and is a lot of fun. sounds the most fun to
Words 188 you?

106 Lesson 16 • The Sun 107


Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary

A Choose the best answers. Step 1 Write the correct information in each space.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. There are many exciting festivals around the world. Where
b. There are many interesting events during the White Nights Festival.
c. There are many special performances at the Mariinsky Theater. When

2. The special performances at the Mariinsky Theater are called .


What happens? Even after the sun sets, .
a. Scarlet Sails
b. White Summer Stars 1. The Stars of the White Nights : at the Mariinsky Theater
c. the Stars of the White Nights Three Famous
2. The largest carnival : at the Peterhof Palace
Events
3. : at the Neva River
3. What happens at the largest carnival in the festival?
a. There are fireworks.
b. Actors perform famous historical scenes.
The Stars of the White Nights The largest carnival
c. People enjoy special operas.
the sky is white at night St. Petersburg in Russia
4. The largest carnival is held . Scarlet Sails In summer
a. at the Mariinsky Theater b. at the Neva River c. at the Peterhof Palace

5. Which is NOT true about Scarlet Sails?


a. It is the most popular event of the festival. Step 2 Complete the summary with the words from the box.
b. It only includes fireworks.
c. It lasts all night long.
history fireworks carnivals
set popular performances
B Write the answers.
In St. Petersburg, the sun doesn’t fully in summer. So people enjoy
6. What time does the sun rise and set in St. Petersburg in summer?
the White Nights Festival at this time. There are special operas, classical
The sun sets around midnight and rises at 4 a.m.
music concerts, and ballet . There are also several .
7. What kinds of performances are included in the Stars of the White Nights?
Actors act out famous scenes from Russian . The most
There are operas, classical music concerts , and ballet performances.
event is called Scarlet Sails. It includes music, boats, and amazing !

108 Lesson 16 • The Sun 109


Supplementary Material
Chapter Wrap-up: Concept Map
Chapter 1 Wrap-up

Concept Map
• What did you learn from each lesson?

The Work of Honeybees

Bees

Hexagonal Honeycomb Cells

The Sweet Uses of Honey

The Disappearance of Bees

• Talk about what you learned from this chapter with your partner.
“I learned that …”
“The most interesting thing was …”
113
Chapter 2 Wrap-up

Concept Map
• What did you learn from each lesson?

Urban Cities and Suburban Neighborhoods

Cities

Chopin’s Heart Rests in Warsaw

Stickball

Animals Adapting to City Life

• Talk about what you learned from this chapter with your partner.
“I learned that …”
“The most interesting thing was …”
115
Chapter 3 Wrap-up

Concept Map
• What did you learn from each lesson?

The Pacific Ocean

The Sea

Surviving under the Sea

Jacques Piccard

Making Music with the Sea

• Talk about what you learned from this chapter with your partner.
“I learned that …”
“The most interesting thing was …”
117
Chapter 4 Wrap-up

Concept Map
• What did you learn from each lesson?

The Sun: The Most Important Star

The Sun

The Ten Chinese Suns

Olives Are Gifts from the Sun

White Nights in St. Petersburg

• Talk about what you learned from this chapter with your partner.
“I learned that …”
“The most interesting thing was …”
119
Vocabulary List

Lesson 1 Lesson 4 Lesson 7


hive disappear narrow
queen bee pollinate sack
lay crop equipment
worker bee signal rubber
collect confuse handle
drone poison replace

Lesson 2 Lesson 5 Lesson 8


honeycomb urban factory
hexagon population pollution
space apartment hide
gap transportation mate
wax museum crack
store suburban swoop

Lesson 3 Lesson 6 Lesson 9


honey pianist ocean
cough forget depth
heal miss continent
appearance war peaceful
wash off bury earthquake
exercise wish volcano

121
Memo
Lesson 10 Lesson 13 Lesson 16
texture earth set
squirt across rise
gulp surface performance
puff up temperature costume
spine core pirate
release universe fireworks

Lesson 11 Lesson 14
dive goddess
submarine heat
invent pray
tourist frighten
preserve shoot
research punish

Lesson 12 Lesson 15
organ dry
design sunlight
step dish
coast pickled
tube topping
movement bitter

122
Memo

124