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SUBJECT

Curriculum Integration Reading Program

Subject Link

to high-intermediate students. The series’ theme-based curriculum helps students to improve their language abilities and also acquire new knowledge from the interesting content presented in each of the passages. With multiple lessons for each theme, Subject Link allows students to develop a greater understanding of the curriculum and broaden the context of their learning beyond single subject areas. Creating relevant connections between different subject areas, Subject Link encourages students to build upon their prior knowledge and experiences to make learning more meaningful and to also gain a more holistic view of the world.

is a nine-level curriculum integration reading program for high-beginner

curriculum integration reading program for high-beginner Key Features: S u b j e 1 4 t
curriculum integration reading program for high-beginner Key Features: S u b j e 1 4 t
Key Features: S u b j e 1 4 t c c t t e
Key Features:
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• Thematic curriculum integration reading program

• Informative background knowledge sections

• Interesting content and useful academic vocabulary

• Well-designed comprehension and critical thinking questions

• Systematic two-step outline and summary activities

• Attractive visual aids to engage students and facilitate their learning

• Wrap-up activities with concept maps and theme project worksheets

• Workbook for more vocabulary, grammar, and reading practice

Components:

• Student Book / Workbook / Audio CD

Online Resources: www.ibuildandgrow.com

L4
L4

• Teacher’s guide (with answer keys) / Theme project worksheets / Vocabulary lists / Lesson plans / MP3 files

SUBJECT Link L4, L5, L6 Series:

/ MP3 files S U B J E C T Link L4, L5, L6 Series: <200-230

<200-230 words>

E C T Link L4, L5, L6 Series: <200-230 words> <230-260 words> <260-290 words> 78740 9

<230-260 words>

L6 Series: <200-230 words> <230-260 words> <260-290 words> 78740 9 788966 949625 ISBN

<260-290 words>

78740 9 788966 949625 ISBN 978-89-6694-962-5 KO01
78740
9
788966
949625
ISBN 978-89-6694-962-5
KO01

SUBJECT

words> 78740 9 788966 949625 ISBN 978-89-6694-962-5 KO01 SUBJECT Curriculum Integration Reading Program L4
words> 78740 9 788966 949625 ISBN 978-89-6694-962-5 KO01 SUBJECT Curriculum Integration Reading Program L4
words> 78740 9 788966 949625 ISBN 978-89-6694-962-5 KO01 SUBJECT Curriculum Integration Reading Program L4

Curriculum Integration Reading Program

L4
L4
words> 78740 9 788966 949625 ISBN 978-89-6694-962-5 KO01 SUBJECT Curriculum Integration Reading Program L4
Lesson Components BIG IDEA Focus On Connect to Yourself / Think Critically Contents Map Reading
Lesson Components
BIG IDEA
Focus On
Connect to Yourself /
Think Critically
Contents Map
Reading Comprehension
Graphic Organizer &
Summary
Before You Read
Chapter Wrap-up
Key Words
Contents Map Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer & Summary Before You Read Chapter Wrap-up Key Words
ContentContentContentCCCCCCoooooonnnnnnttttttentsentsentseeeenenenttttststsssssss
ContentContentContentCCCCCCoooooonnnnnnttttttentsentsentseeeenenenttttststsssssss
CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 3 CCCColorColorColorooooooooo oooooo
CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 3 CCCColorColorColorooooooooo oooooo SSSSoundSoundSoundounounounoooooo Subject Lesson Title Words
CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 3
CCCColorColorColorooooooooo oooooo
SSSSoundSoundSoundounounounoooooo
Subject
Lesson
Title
Words
Page
Subject
Lesson
Title
Words
Page
Science
1 How We See Color
202
6
Science
9 How We Hear Sound
221
58
Science &
Social Studies
2 Chinese Beliefs About Colors
224
14
10 Silent No More
221
66
Social Studies
Science &
3 Healing with Color
214
20
Music
11 Listen to This!
238
72
Social Studies
Social Studies
Art
4 Dyeing Naturally
220
26
12 Echo and Narcissus
235
78
& Literature
CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 4
SSSSaltSaltSaltaaaaaa ttt
TTTToiletsToiletsToiletsoooooo eeetttsss
Subject
Lesson
Title
Words
Page
Subject
Lesson
Title
Words
Page
History
5 A History of Salt
227
32
History
13 The History of the Toilet
232
84
Science
6 Our Bodies and Salt
201
40
Social Studies
14 A Toilet Museum
227
92
Social Studies
Science &
7 Salar de Uyuni
223
46
15 The Journey of Wastewater
205
98
& Science
Social Studies
Science &
8 Salami and Kimchi
212
52
Art
16 Art from a Urinal
217
104
Social Studies
Chapter 1 - Concept map
p. 113
Chapter 2
-
Concept
map
p. 115
Supplementary
Material
Chapter 3
-
Concept
map
p. 117
Chapter 4 - Concept map
p. 119
2 - Concept map p. 115 Supplementary Material Chapter 3 - Concept map p. 117 Chapter
2 - Concept map p. 115 Supplementary Material Chapter 3 - Concept map p. 117 Chapter
2 - Concept map p. 115 Supplementary Material Chapter 3 - Concept map p. 117 Chapter
e i s d u t S l a A i r t c CHAPTER
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CHAPTER 1
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CoCoCoCCCCCCoooooollllllorororoooooorrrrrr
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1 How We See
Color
2 Chinese Beliefs
About Colors
How many colors are
there in the world?
What color reminds
you of China?
Color
Dyeing
4
Naturally
3 Healing with
Color
BIG IDEA
What does color do to our
lives?
How do people color
fabrics?
What color makes
you happy?
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n c e 1 i How We See Color e c o C l o
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1
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How We See Color
e
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Before You Read
r
Look at the pictures and talk about what
we need to see color.
a
b
Science COLOR re ects
Science
COLOR
re ects
Key Words
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

mixture
mixture
absorbed
absorbed
experiment
experiment
object
object
with the key words . mixture absorbed experiment object consists of 1. The carpet the coffee.

consists of

1.

The carpet

the coffee.

2. Let’s do a(n)

3. New Zealand

to test the idea.

two main islands.

4. Water

light and acts like a mirror.

5. The salad has a(n)

of vegetables.

6. A ball is a round

that you play with.

Background Knowledge The primary colors of light The primary colors of light are red, blue,
Background Knowledge
The primary colors of light
The primary colors of light are red, blue, and green.
We get white light when we mix all three of these
together.
How We See Color 010 The Eye and White Light
How We See Color
010
The Eye and White Light
Focus How do we see color?
Focus
How do we see color?

Look around you and count how many colors you can see. There must be hundreds. You might ask how we can see these various colors. Well, the colors we see actually

come from light.

5 We need light to see colors. White light, such as sunlight, is a mixture of many colors of light. When it hits an object, some of the light is absorbed by the object and the rest is reflected. The color of the re ected light is the color that the object appears to be.

Science
Science
COLOR
COLOR

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For example, when white light hits a red apple, the apple absorbs all of the colors except for red. Only red light is re ected and enters your eyes. This is why the apple looks red. If an object absorbs all the colors of light, it will look black.

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How do we know that white light is made of so many colors? You can do an easy experiment. Shine white light through a prism. The prism will break it down into the seven colors of the rainbow! This not only shows that white light consists of many different colors. It

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also shows that we need white light in order to see the colorful world around us.

Words 202

a prism and broken light
a prism and broken light
Think Critically What will happen if an object re ects green light?
Think Critically
What will happen if an object re ects green light?
broken light Think Critically What will happen if an object re ects green light? 10 Lesson
Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

a. Objects actually don’t have any colors.

b. We don’t know how we can see an object’s color.

c. We see the color of an object from the light’s re ected color.

d. White light consists of many colors, yet looks white to our eyes.

Detail
Detail

2. Which is NOT true about how we see color?

a. Our eyes cannot see color when there is no light.

b. A red apple looks red because it absorbs red light.

c. When light hits an object, some of the light is re ected.

d. If an object re ects all the colors of light, we see it as white.

Detail
Detail

3. What is TRUE about white light?

a. Sunlight is not white light.

b. White light helps us see only certain colors.

c. White light is the re ected light from an object.

d. A prism breaks down white light into the colors of a rainbow.

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from paragraph 3?

a. If an object re ects all the colors, it will look white.

b. If the colors of light are mixed, it will always looks black.

c. If an apple absorbs green light, we will see a green apple.

d. Even if we shine different lights on an object, it will look the same.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “various” in line 3?

a. much

b. different

B. Answer the questions.

c. less

1. What do we need to see color?

d. famous

We need

to see color.

 

2. What is white light? It is a(n)

of many

of

.

3. What can we learn from the prism experiment?

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Organize the information with the words from the box.from the prism experiment? raphic Organizer & Summary How We See Color 1 3 2 1

How We See Color
How We See Color
1 3 2
1
3
2
1
1

hits a(n)

object.

2
2

The object

some of the light’s

 

and

the rest.

3
3

The re ected light

 

our eyes, and we

 

color.

absorbs colors colored enters re ects see light
absorbs
colors
colored
enters
re ects
see
light

Complete the summary with the words from the box.absorbs colors colored enters re ects see light We need to see color. White light is

We need to see color. White light is a(n) of many colors. We see color
We need
to see color. White light is a(n)
of many
colors. We see color in a(n)
and
when it reflects some colors of
the other colors. When the
light
enters our
, we see it as the
of the object. A red apple
looks red because it re ects
many colors from a(n)
light. We can learn that white light has
experiment.
absorbs
re ected
color
mixture
object
light
white light
eyes
red
prism
t S u l d 2 a o i C l i o e r
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Chinese Beliefs About Colors
Chinese Beliefs
About Colors
Before You Read
Before You Read

White has different meanings to different cultures. What does white mean to the people in each picture?

What does white mean to the people in each picture? Western brides traditionally wear white. People
Western brides traditionally wear white.
Western brides
traditionally
wear white.

People from some Asian cultures wear white at a funeral.

Key Words
Key Words
Social Studies
Social Studies

Complete the sentences with the key words.

symbol
symbol
notice
notice
represents
represents
celebrations
celebrations
with the key words . symbol notice represents celebrations COLOR mysterious belief 1. Each national ag
COLOR
COLOR
mysterious
mysterious
belief
belief

1. Each national ag

a country.

2. I didn’t

the gum and stepped on it.

3. A heart shape is a common

of love.

4. There is a

entrance into the garden.

5. You can see amazing reworks at Chinese New Year

.

6. The Chinese have a strong

that the color red brings good luck.

Background Knowledge China China has a long history going back thousands of years. It has
Background Knowledge
China
China has a long history going back thousands of years.
It has a rich culture, and it is known for its food, arts and
crafts, and festivals.
Social Studies
Social Studies
Social Studies COLOR Green was the color of spring, and it represented energy and strength. White
COLOR
COLOR

Green was the color of spring, and it represented energy and strength. White was a symbol of brightness and purity. It also symbolized death, so people wore white when loved ones died. Yellow was considered to be the

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most beautiful color. As it was a symbol of the earth’s rulers, the Chinese kings wore yellow and lived under yellow roofs.

Some of these beliefs remain to this day, and the Chinese continue to follow them. What do colors mean to

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your culture? Are they similar to the examples above?

Words 224

the sixth emperor of the Qing Dynasty
the sixth emperor of the Qing
Dynasty
Chinese Beliefs About Colors 020
Chinese Beliefs
About Colors
020
of the Qing Dynasty Chinese Beliefs About Colors 020 Different Colors, Different Meanings Connect to Yourself
Different Colors, Different Meanings
Different Colors, Different Meanings
Connect to Yourself Which color has a special meaning in your culture? Forbidden City (Palace
Connect to Yourself
Which color has a special meaning in your culture?
Forbidden City
(Palace Museum),
Beijing, China
Focus What colors are special for the Chinese?
Focus
What colors are special
for the Chinese?

5

When you see colors, some feelings or images may come to mind. You may think of nature, danger, good luck, or bad luck. For cultures around the world, colors are symbols. Their meanings, though, are not the same

in each culture. For the Chinese, some colors have a special meaning. It’s well known that they think of red as good luck, but what about the other colors?

think of red as good luck, but what about the other colors? red envelopes The Chinese
think of red as good luck, but what about the other colors? red envelopes The Chinese

red envelopes

The Chinese believed that black was the color of the heavens, because they noticed that the northern

sky was often strangely black. This old belief became

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a saying: “heaven and earth of mysterious black.” Red was the color of good fortune and joy. Therefore, it was seen everywhere during celebrations such as weddings, birthdays, and the New Year. People gave money as gifts

in red envelopes as well.

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Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is this passage mainly about?

 

a. why colors are special around the world

b. what certain colors meant to the Chinese

c. how every country has the same beliefs about colors

d. how colors showed a person’s social position in China

Detail
Detail

2. Which color did the Chinese usually wear when their loved ones died?

a.

black

b. green

c.

white

d. yellow

Detail
Detail

3. What did the color yellow mean to the Chinese?

a. It was the color of the sun.

 

b. It was a symbol of the earth’s rulers.

c. It was a symbol of energy and strength.

d. It was the color of brightness and purity.

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from this passage about ancient China?

a. People wore green clothes in winter.

 

b. Little girls had to wear white dresses.

c. People wore red clothes on happy occasions.

d. People could not wear black or yellow clothes.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “strangely” in line 10?

a.

regularly

b. especially

c.

unusually

d. wonderfully

B. Answer the questions.

1. What gifts did the Chinese usually give at a celebration?

They gave red

envelopes

with

money

inside.

2. When did the Chinese start to believe that black was the color of the heavens?

When they

often strangely black.

noticed

that the

northern

sky

was

3. What did the color green represent to the people?

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary
Step 1 Organize the information with a ~ e from the box.
Step 1
Organize the information with a ~ e
from the box.
Chinese Beliefs About Colors
Chinese Beliefs About Colors
with a ~ e from the box. Chinese Beliefs About Colors a the heavens b the
a the heavens b the earth’s rulers c energy and strength d good fortune and
a the heavens
b the earth’s rulers
c energy and strength
d good fortune and joy
e brightness, purity, and death
Step 2
Step 2

Complete the summary with the words from the box.

Certain colors had symbolic meaning to the Chinese. For instance, black was considered the color
Certain colors had symbolic meaning to the Chinese. For instance, black
was considered the color of the
heavens
color and could be seen at special
. Red was seen as a(n)
. Green was a(n)
symbol
of energy and strength, representing the season of
spring
.
White was the
color
of death, but also symbolized purity.
Yellow
was a symbol of kings and considered to be the most beautiful color. ese
have remained until today.
representing
symbol
beliefs
heavens
color
events
considered
spring
lucky
yellow
c e t n u S d e & l 3 i i a e
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Healing with Color
Healing with Color
Before You Read
Before You Read

These study rooms have different wall colors. Which color do you think is best for you? Why?

wall colors. Which color do you think is best for you? Why? Key Words Science &
wall colors. Which color do you think is best for you? Why? Key Words Science &
Key Words
Key Words
Science & Social Studies
Science & Social Studies

Complete the sentences with the key words.

mentally
mentally
healed
healed
relieving
relieving
a ects
a ects
with the key words . mentally healed relieving a ects COLOR energizes calms 1. My dog
COLOR
COLOR
energizes
energizes
calms
calms

1.

My dog

me.

2. Music always

my dog.

3. The wound is almost

 

.

4. Yoga is

and physically good for you.

5. This medicine is good for

headaches.

6. The color of a room

people’s feelings.

Background Knowledge Visible spectrum The visible spectrum is a range of light waves. To the
Background Knowledge
Visible spectrum
The visible spectrum is a range of light waves.
To the human eye, only these types of light are
visible. We see these colors in a rainbow.
Healing with Color 030 All About Color Therapy
Healing with Color
030
All About Color Therapy
Focus Why can colors affect us, according to color therapists?
Focus
Why can colors affect
us, according to color
therapists?
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet A wavelength is the distance between the top
Red
Orange
Yellow
Green
Blue
Indigo
Violet
A wavelength is the distance
between the top of one wave and
the top of the next.

Nowadays, natural healing methods are becoming

more popular. Color therapy is one of the oldest natural therapies. It has been used since ancient times. According to color therapists, colors can affect us both

5

mentally and physically. That’s because color is light of a certain wavelength and energy, so each color has unique healing powers.

Warm colors, such as red, orange, and yellow, are thought to have energizing effects. Color therapists

10

believe red can help increase blood ow, reduce tiredness, and relieve colds. They think yellow helps you feel better when you feel down. They also think it helps when you have trouble digesting food.

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Science & Social Studies
Science & Social Studies
trouble digesting food. 15 20 Science & Social Studies COLOR On the other hand, cool colors,
COLOR
COLOR

On the other hand, cool colors, such as violet, blue,

and green, are thought to have calming effects. They are thought to make you relaxed. You can use blue and violet to relieve headaches and heal wounds. They can also help you get a good night’s sleep.

Try color therapy in your daily life. You can decorate

your room with a certain color, wear clothes that have your favorite color, or eat some colored food. Or, you can simply imagine that color. But don’t focus on one color all the time. It might have a bad effect on you! Just try different colors to see how you feel about them.

Words 214

colorful fruits and vegetables
colorful fruits and vegetables
Connect to Yourself What color would help you feel better now? Why?
Connect to Yourself
What color would help you feel better now? Why?
vegetables Connect to Yourself What color would help you feel better now? Why? 22 Lesson 3
Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

a. Color therapy is very old.

b. Color can cause bad feelings.

c. There are cool colors and warm colors.

d. Color can be used to help heal our bodies and minds.

Detail
Detail

2. Which colors would help relieve a cold?

a.

cool colors

b. warm colors

c.

red and green

d. black and white

Detail
Detail

3. Which is NOT an example of color therapy mentioned in this passage?

a. eating some colored food

b. wearing clothes of a certain color

c. focusing on only one color all the time

d. decorating your room with a certain color

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from this passage?

a. The color orange makes the body feel cold.

b. Cool colors help the mind better than warm colors.

c. A blue suit is good to wear when making a presentation.

d. Warm colors have a longer-lasting effect than cool colors.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “methods” in line 1?

a.

plays

b. ways

c.

roles

d. changes

B. Answer the questions.

1. Since when was color therapy used?

It was used since

ancient

.

2. What colors could help if you need a good night’s sleep? Why?

and

could help because of their

effects.

3. Why can colors affect us mentally and physically?

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Organize the information with the words from the box.us mentally and physically? raphic Organizer & Summary Healing with Color Warm Colors Cool Colors Colors

Healing with Color
Healing with Color
Warm Colors Cool Colors Colors Included red, orange, and yellow violet, blue, and green Effects
Warm Colors
Cool Colors
Colors Included
red, orange, and yellow
violet, blue, and green
Effects
1) Red
3) Blue and violet
– helps increase
– relieve
– reduces tiredness
– help heal
Examples
– relieves a(n)
2) Yellow
– help you to have a good
night’s sleep
– makes you feel better
– helps you
food
blood ow
calming
cold
digest
headaches
energizing
wounds

Complete the summary with the words from the box.ow calming cold digest headaches energizing wounds One of the oldest natural therapies, color therapy uses

One of the oldest natural therapies, color therapy uses colors to help people heal. Warm
One of the oldest natural therapies, color
therapy
uses
colors to help
people heal. Warm colors such as red, orange and yellow have
effects. Cool colors such as blue, violet and green have
energizing
effects.
Warm colors can help improve blood flow, reduce
tiredness, and relieve
. On the other hand, cool colors can help relieve headaches and
help you have a good night’s
sleep
. Experiment with different colors to
see how you feel
about them.
colors
headaches
energizing
therapy
calming
improve
reduce
sleep
colds
feel
t r A 4 o C l o r
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Art Dyeing Naturally Key Words
Art
Dyeing
Naturally
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

Key Words Complete the sentences with the key words . COLOR Before You Read Guess and
COLOR
COLOR
Before You Read
Before You Read

Guess and match each picture with the color it produces.

Sa ron
Sa ron
True Indigo
True Indigo
Henna
Henna
Red Onions
Red Onions
Blue
Blue
Red
Red
Yellow
Yellow
Brown
Brown

Onions-RedRedHenna-Brown,Indigo-Blue,TrueSaffron-Yellow,Answer:

chemical
chemical
strengthens
strengthens
unripe
unripe
shade
shade
persimmons
persimmons
fabrics
fabrics

1.

have a lot of vitamins.

 

2.

Exercise

 

our muscles.

3.

These

are for summer clothes.

4.

A strawberry is sour when it is

 

.

5.

I’d like a lighter

 

of blue for my room.

6.

What are the

 

names of these liquids?

Background Knowledge Dye Dye is what people use to change the color of something. It
Background Knowledge
Dye
Dye is what people use to change the color of something.
It can be a natural or man-made ingredient. People use
dye to color cloth and hair.
Art 040
Art
040
5 and animals.
5 and animals.
COLOR
COLOR

Dyeing Naturally

Art 040 5 and animals. COLOR Dyeing Naturally Using Persimmons to Color Fabrics Focus What is
Using Persimmons to Color Fabrics
Using Persimmons to Color Fabrics
Focus What is a reason for using natural dyes?
Focus
What is a reason for
using natural dyes?

People usually color fabrics using man-made chemical dyes. However, before people developed these dyes, what did they use? They used nature’s colors, of course. Their dyes came mainly from minerals, plants,

To dye fabrics with persimmon juice, rst, break up some unripe fruit. Then, soak the fabric in the juice. Next,

dry the fabric on the grass under the sun. After that, soak it in water or more juice and dry it again. Keep soaking and drying it several times until it’s the right shade. To get different shades of brown or black, use different amounts of juice and water. You can also get different

amounts of juice and water. You can also get different 15 In Korea, people have used

15

In Korea, people have used unripe persimmons as a dye for a long time. At
In Korea, people have used unripe persimmons as a
dye for a long time. At rst, people living on Jeju Island
dyed shing lines with the fruit to strengthen them. Later,
they used it to make cotton stronger and also to make
shades by varying the drying time.
20
10
traditional clothes. These brown-colored clothes are
called garot which means “persimmon clothes.” They are
popular for work and everyday wear on the island.
Natural dyeing takes more time and work than using
chemicals. However, wearing clothes colored with natural
dye is healthier for our skin. In addition, these dyes don’t
release harmful chemicals into the environment. These
are good reasons for choosing nature’s colors.
25
Words 220
Connect to Yourself
If you could dye clothes with fruit, what would you use? Why?
If you could dye clothes with fruit, what would you use? Why?
Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is this passage mainly about?

a. the process of using persimmon as a natural dye

b. persimmon dyeing as a popular choice of coloring on Jeju Island

c. the reason natural dyeing is more dif cult than the chemical process

d. the reason natural dyeing takes more time than the chemical process

Detail
Detail

2. What were unripe persimmons used for before garot?

a.

to dye work clothes

b. to color shing lines

c.

to strengthen cotton

d. to strengthen shing lines

Detail
Detail

3. What is NOT a way to get different shades in persimmon dyeing?

a. putting the fabric on the grass

b. using different amount of water

c. soaking the fabric in more juice

d. drying under the sun for a longer time

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from this passage?

a. Garot comes in all colors.

b. Persimmons are easy to get on Jeju Island.

c. Jeju Islanders make clothes from persimmons.

d. People living on Jeju Island don’t eat persimmons.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “varying” in line 20?

a. reducing

b. changing

B. Answer the questions.

c. ordering

d. increasing

1. What are the main steps in persimmon dyeing?

The main steps are to

soak

the fabric in persimmon

juice

and dry

it under

the

sun

.

2. Before people developed chemical dyes, what did they use?

 

They used nature’s color which came from

minerals ,

plants

, and

animals

.

3. What is one negative thing about natural dyeing, compared to the chemical process?

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Organize the information with the words from the box.to the chemical process? raphic Organizer & Summary Process of Persimmon Dyeing Step 1 Break up

Process of Persimmon Dyeing
Process of Persimmon Dyeing
Step 1 Break up some persimmon. Step 2 the fabric in the juice. Step 3
Step 1
Break up some
persimmon.
Step 2
the fabric in the juice.
Step 3
the fabric under
.
Step 4
Soak it in
or
and dry it again.
Step 5
Keep soaking and drying until it’s the right
.
dry
juice
shade
soak
the sun
water
unripe

Complete the summary with the words from the box.right . dry juice shade soak the sun water unripe On Jeju Island in Korea, people

On Jeju Island in Korea, people dye fabrics using unripepersimmonsto make strong cotton clothes called
On Jeju Island in Korea, people dye fabrics using unripepersimmonsto make
strong cotton
clothes called garot. This
traditional
clothing is popular
for work and daily use. Persimmon
involves several steps. First,
persimmons are crushed. Second, the
fabric
is soaked in
the juice. Third, it is
dried
under the sun.
Soaking
and drying are
repeated until the fabric turns the right
. Compared to
chemical
dyes, natural dyes are less harmful to us and the environment.
soaking
persimmons
dyeing
cotton
fabric
shade
traditional
chemical
dried
unripe
e c n e S S i o S c c c i i i
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CHAPTER 2
u
SaSaSaSSSSSSaaaalalallllttttttttt
d
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5 A History of
Salt
6 Our Bodies and
Salt
e
s
How would ancient
people get salt?
Why is salt important
in your daily life?
Salt
Salami and
8
7 Salar de Uyuni
Kimchi
BIG IDEA
What can we use salt for?
How would people store
food in ancient times?
What does a desert
look like?
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o t r s y 5 i S a l H t
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History SALT A History of Salt Key Words
History
SALT
A History of Salt
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

Before You Read
Before You Read

There are two types of salt. Can you guess where each comes from?

a b
a
b
rare
rare
boiling
boiling
valuable
valuable
mining
mining
collecting
collecting
wages
wages

1. The man is

for gold.

2. Big diamonds are very

.

3. Gold is more

than silver.

4. I’m

eggs to have for breakfast.

5. The workers receive their

6. Kids are

every month.

seashells to make a necklace.

Background Knowledge Evaporation When liquid warms up, it soon becomes vapor. The vapor then goes
Background Knowledge
Evaporation
When liquid warms up, it soon becomes vapor. The
vapor then goes up into the air.
History SALT salt pans at Maras, near Cuzco in Sacred Valley, Peru
History
SALT
salt pans at Maras, near Cuzco in Sacred Valley, Peru

A History of Salt

Maras, near Cuzco in Sacred Valley, Peru A History of Salt 050 From the Stone Age
Maras, near Cuzco in Sacred Valley, Peru A History of Salt 050 From the Stone Age
050
050
From the Stone Age to Modern Times
From the Stone Age to Modern Times
A History of Salt 050 From the Stone Age to Modern Times Focus Where did people
Focus Where did people get salt in the past?
Focus
Where did people get
salt in the past?

Nowadays, we can nd salt in most kitchens. But in the past, salt was a rare and valuable mineral. Back in the sixth century, salt was even worth as much as gold!

During the Stone Age, people ate a lot of red meat.

5 Because red meat is naturally rich in salt, people didn’t

need to nd salt elsewhere. However, as farming became popular and people ate more wheat and rice, they had less salt in their diets. So, people had to search for other ways to get salt.

10

Around 6000 B.C., the Chinese began collecting salt from lakes to avor their food. This is the oldest recorded history of salt production. But there were other methods of collecting salt, too. People in Central Asia mined rock salt underground around 4500 B.C. Around 3000 B.C.,

15

the Egyptians began to collect salt from evaporated seawater. By 800 B.C., the Chinese were producing salt by boiling seawater. It took less time than waiting for the seawater to evaporate.

Because these methods took a long time, salt was

20

very valuable. In fact, it was even used as money. In China, people paid taxes with salt. In Rome, soldiers were paid part of their wages in salt.

Salt is now very cheap to buy. But it remains an important part of the human diet, and it is something we

25

can’t live without.

Words 227

salt production techniques in ancient China
salt production techniques in
ancient China
Connect to Yourself Where does salt mostly come from in your country?
Connect to Yourself
Where does salt mostly come from in your country?
China Connect to Yourself Where does salt mostly come from in your country? 36 Lesson 5
Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

a. Salt is very important because we need it to live.

b. Salt is expensive because of the dif cult production process.

c. Salt used to be more valuable before people started farming.

d. Salt has been an important and valuable mineral throughout history.

Detail
Detail

2. What is NOT mentioned as a way of getting salt?

a.

from farming

b. from lakes

c.

through mining

d. through evaporation

Detail
Detail

3. Which is NOT true about salt?

a. Salt is very cheap because it is not important anymore.

b. The several methods to produce salt all took a long time.

c. During the sixth century, salt was worth as much as gold.

d. People got enough salt from red meat during the Stone Age.

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from paragraph 4?

a. Salt was only used for cooking.

b. Roman soldiers ate too much salt.

c. People in Rome could buy things with salt.

d. Roman soldiers were unhappy with their wages.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the phrase “rich in” in line 5?

a.

full of

b. lacking in

c.

low in

d. full from

B. Answer the questions.

1. What made people of the Stone Age search for other ways to get salt?

They got less salt in their diets as

farming

became popular.

2. What is the first recorded method used to get salt?

Around 6000 B.C.,

the

Chinese

began

collecting

salt from lakes.

3. Why was boiling seawater better than waiting for the water to evaporate?

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Write the numbers in the correct order.for the water to evaporate? raphic Organizer & Summary 1 Stone Age 3 4500 B.C. 5

1 Stone Age 3 4500 B.C. 5 800 B.C. 2 6000 B.C. 4 3000 B.C.
1 Stone Age
3 4500 B.C.
5 800 B.C.
2
6000 B.C.
4 3000 B.C.

The Chinese began collecting salt from the lakes.Age 3 4500 B.C. 5 800 B.C. 2 6000 B.C. 4 3000 B.C. Central Asian people

Central Asian people mined rock salt underground.3000 B.C. The Chinese began collecting salt from the lakes. The Chinese learned to get salt

The Chinese learned to get salt by boiling salt water.the lakes. Central Asian people mined rock salt underground. The Egyptians collected salt from evaporated seawater.

The Egyptians collected salt from evaporated seawater.The Chinese learned to get salt by boiling salt water. People could get enough salt from

People could get enough salt from eating a lot of red meat.The Egyptians collected salt from evaporated seawater. Complete the summary with the words from the box.

Complete the summary with the words from the box.People could get enough salt from eating a lot of red meat. Salt has been very

Salt has been very valuable throughout history. As people started rice and wheat, they got
Salt has been very valuable
throughout history. As people started
rice and wheat, they got less salt from red
. erefore, they needed
to find other sources
of salt. First, people in China began
collecting
salt
from lakes. Later in Central Asia,
mining
and
evaporation
methods were
used. Finally, the Chinese produced salt by
seawater. Because these
methods took a long time, salt was so valuable that it was used as
.
It has become cheaper
today, but it still remains an important part of our
diet.
boiling
cheaper
collecting
evaporation
money
farming
meat
mining
sources
valuable
n c e 6 i e c S a l S t
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6
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Science SALT Our Bodies and Salt Key Words
Science
SALT
Our Bodies and Salt
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

Before You Read
Before You Read

Which of these foods is the least salty? Which is the most salty? Put the letters in the order of saltiness.

a Caesar Salad
a
Caesar Salad
d French Fries
d
French Fries
g Pizza
g
Pizza
b c Cheeseburger Fried Chicken e f Ramen Potato Chips h ijj Milk Orange Juice
b
c
Cheeseburger
Fried Chicken
e
f
Ramen
Potato Chips
h
ijj
Milk
Orange Juice

The Least Salty

The Most Salty

h ijj Milk Orange Juice The Least Salty The Most Salty ⓘ-ⓗ-ⓐ-ⓓ-ⓖ-ⓒ-ⓑ-ⓕ-ⓔ Answer: preserve blood

ⓘ-ⓗ-ⓐ-ⓓ-ⓖ-ⓒ-ⓑ-ⓕ-ⓔAnswer:

preserve
preserve
blood pressure
blood pressure
nerves
nerves
beating
beating
function
function
communicate
communicate

1. The nurse is taking my

blood pressure .

2. We feel pain through our

.

3. The patient’s heart is still

.

4. We use telephones to

with each other.

5. These days, people

food in refrigerators.

6. The left and right parts of the brain

in different ways.

Background Knowledge Mineral Minerals such as iron are natural materials. You can nd them in
Background Knowledge
Mineral
Minerals such as iron are natural materials. You can nd
them in the earth. But small amounts of some minerals
are also in the foods you eat. They help your body to
grow and stay healthy.

Our Bodies and Salt

Our Bodies and Salt 060 Eat Less or More? Focus Why is salt important to our
060
060
Eat Less or More?
Eat Less or More?
Our Bodies and Salt 060 Eat Less or More? Focus Why is salt important to our
Focus Why is salt important to our health?
Focus
Why is salt important
to our health?

Salt is a type of mineral. Adding a little salt to food can bring out the food’s natural avor. It can also be used to preserve food.

Not only does salt improve our diets, it is essential

5

to our health. Our muscles need it to move. Our hearts need it to beat. Even the brain and nerves need salt to communicate and function properly. If we do not get enough salt, the systems in our bodies do not work well. We might get tired, and our thinking might slow down. Our

10

muscles might get sore, or we might even get headaches. Eating salt helps our bodies and minds work better.

Science
Science
SALT Heart disease is the number one cause of death for both men and women
SALT
Heart disease is the number one
cause of death for both men and
women in the United States.

However, just as too much salt can ruin the avor of food, it can also harm our bodies. Scientists say that too much salt can cause high blood pressure. This is

15

dangerous because it can lead to heart problems. And because people tend to like the taste of salty food, heart problems are becoming more common.

Salt is an important mineral that our bodies need. We can’t live without it. However, it is wise to pay attention

20

to the amount of salt in your diet if you care about your health.

Words 201

Connect to Yourself How can you know and control the amount of salt in the
Connect to Yourself
How can you know and control the amount of salt in the
food you eat?
know and control the amount of salt in the food you eat? You can see how

You can see how much salt the food has on the nutrition facts label.

Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

 

a. People should stop eating salt.

 

b. Salt can preserve food better than a refrigerator.

c. High blood pressure is a reason for heart problems.

d. Salt is necessary, but too much can cause problems.

Detail
Detail

2. Which does NOT occur when you don’t get enough salt?

 

a.

fevers

b. headaches

c.

sore muscles

d. tiredness

Detail
Detail

3. Which part of the body can be harmed by too much salt?

 

a.

hair

b. brain

c.

heart

d. muscles

Inference
Inference

4. Which can be inferred from this passage?

 

a. Salt adds more avor to food than sugar.

b. More people have high blood pressure today.

c. Not enough salt is better for our health than too much salt.

d. Before people started eating salt, they were much healthier.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “wise” in line 19?

 

a.

skillful

b. foolish

c.

wide

d. smart

B. Answer the questions.

1. How does salt improve food?

It can add

avor

to food and also

it.

2. Why do the nerves and brain need salt?

They need salt to

communicate

and

properly.

3. Why are heart problems becoming more common?.

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Organize the information with the words from the box.becoming more common? . raphic Organizer & Summary Our Bodies and Salt Causes Diet in salt

Our Bodies and Salt
Our Bodies and Salt
Causes Diet in salt
Causes
Diet
in salt
Diet in salt
Diet
in salt
Effects The systems in our bodies do not work well. Our bodies get tired, and
Effects
The
systems
in our bodies do not work well.
Our bodies get tired, and our
thinking
may
slow
down.
Our
muscles
might get sore, or we might get headaches.
High blood pressure and problems can occur.
High blood
pressure
and
problems can occur.
Conclusion Pay attention to the of salt in your diet if you care about your
Conclusion
Pay attention to the
of salt in your diet if you care about your health.
amount low high muscles pressure heart systems thinking
amount
low
high
muscles
pressure
heart
systems
thinking

Complete the summary with the words from the box.low high muscles pressure heart systems thinking Salt is used to improve the taste of food

Salt is used to improve the taste of food and to preserve it. It is
Salt is used to
improve
the taste of food and to
preserve
it. It is also
an important part of our diet. If a(n)
is low in salt, the systems
in our bodies do not
function
properly. Our bodies and minds need salt
to work well. However, a diet that is
in salt can
cause
high
blood
pressure . This can lead to
heart
problems. Therefore, it is wise
to pay attention to the
amount
of salt in your diet in order for you to stay
.
amount
cause
healthy
improve
diet
function
heart
high
pressure
preserve
t u S e d i n l c i 7 a c e i
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S
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a
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&
Social Studies & Science SALT Salar de Uyuni Key Words
Social Studies & Science
SALT
Salar de
Uyuni
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

Key Words Complete the sentences with the key words . Before You Read What is the
Before You Read
Before You Read
Complete the sentences with the key words . Before You Read What is the difference between
What is the difference between the two places? And how are they alike? a Namib
What is the difference between the two
places? And how are they alike?
a
Namib Naukluft
National Park,
Namibia, Africa
b
Salar de Uyuni,
Bolivia, South America
attraction
attraction
compare
compare

1. The cake has several

salt at
salt at
opportunity
opportunity

.

layers
layers
distance
distance

2. People gather salt from the

.

3. The job interview is a good

for her.

4. The Eiffel Tower is a tourist

in Paris.

5. When you

her with her brother, she is taller.

6. This map shows the

between the two places.

Background Knowledge Perspective Perspective is a way of making objects or people in a scene
Background Knowledge
Perspective
Perspective is a way of making objects or people in a
scene look different based on distance and size.
Salar de Uyuni 070 A Photographer’s Playground
Salar de Uyuni
070
A Photographer’s Playground
Focus Why can you take fun photos in Salar de Uyuni?
Focus
Why can you take fun
photos in Salar de
Uyuni?
Salar de Uyuni is in Bolivia, South America.
Salar de Uyuni is in Bolivia,
South America.

48

Salar de Uyuni, located in southwest Bolivia, is the

largest salt flat in the world. At over 12,000 square

5

kilometers, it looks endless. Because of its incredible

beauty, it is a popular tourist attraction. When it rains,

the area is covered with a thin layer of water. This water

acts as a huge mirror for the sky.

However, it is not just the beauty that attracts

10

tourists. The area lets them take fun pictures, too. For

example, look at the photos below. The rst photo shows

a pair of sunglasses and two people. They look tiny

compared to the sunglasses, and they look as if they are

standing on the frames. In the other photo, it looks as if

a giant is about to eat a tiny human!

photo, it looks as if a giant is about to eat a tiny human! Social Studies
Social Studies & Science SALT Why do these pictures look real? Well, there are no
Social Studies & Science
SALT
Why do these pictures look real? Well, there are
no objects to give perspective. Normally, when we see
15
something, we have a way to tell distance and size. Our
brains compare things to other nearby objects. In this
way, we get perspective. However, on the Uyuni salt at,
there is almost nothing to compare things with, so it is
hard to judge the distances between objects.
20
Salar de Uyuni gives tourists an opportunity to enjoy
nature’s wonders and have fun at the same time. So
before you go, look up some fun n photo photo ideas. ideas.
Words 223
Words 223
Connect to Yourself If you could go to Salar de Uyuni, what kind of picture
Connect to Yourself
If you could go to Salar de Uyuni, what kind of picture would
you take?
Lesson 7 • Salar de Uyuni
Lesson 7 • Salar de Uyuni

49

Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is this passage mainly about?

a. a fun place to take photographs

b. how a special salt at was made

c. a historical site in Salar de Uyuni

d. the largest salt at and its history

Detail
Detail

2. Which is NOT true about Salar de Uyuni?

a. Many tourists enjoy it.

 

b. It doesn’t rain on the salt at.

c. It is the world’s largest salt at.

d. It is over 12,000 square kilometers.

Detail
Detail

3. What makes Salar de Uyuni look like a mirror?

a.

the bright sunlight

b. a layer of water

c.

the dry weather

d. the white color of the salt

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from this passage about Salar de Uyuni?

a. We can take pictures to tell distance and size.

b. After it rains, people go swimming because of the salt water.

c. Only people with good cameras can make objects look different in size.

d. People couldn’t take such fun pictures if there were objects to compare them with.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “way” in line 16?

a. plan

b. line

B. Answer the questions.

1. Where is Salar de Uyuni? It is located in

c. method

.

d. road

2. Why do people like to visit Salar de Uyuni?

Because it is a(n)

there.

beautiful

place, and they can take fun

3. Why do the fun photos taken at Salar de Uyuni look real?

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Organize the information with the words from the box.at Salar de Uyuni look real? raphic Organizer & Summary Salar de Uyuni Introduction Salar de

Salar de Uyuni
Salar de Uyuni

Introduction

Salar de Uyuni is a famous

beauty

.

attraction because of its

Body

Fact

Reason

Tourists can take

at Salar de Uyuni.

As there are no

tell the distances between them.

objects

to

compare

things with, it is dif cult to

Conclusion

It is a great place to enjoy the fun photos.

wonders

of

and to take

beauty fun photos tourist nature objects wonders compare
beauty
fun photos
tourist
nature
objects
wonders
compare

Complete the summary with the words from the box.fun photos tourist nature objects wonders compare Salar de Uyuni is a(n) wonder of nature. largest

Salar de Uyuni is a(n) wonder of nature. largest salt flat for its beauty. After
Salar de Uyuni is a(n)
wonder
of nature.
largest salt flat for its beauty. After it rains, the area is
love to visit the
with a(n)
layer
of
water
, which acts like a(n)
mirror
. Another reason to
visit is the
opportunity
to take some fun photos. People
compare
things by
looking at the objects around them, but the area has almost
to give
perspective
. Look up some great photo ideas before you go.
covered
layer
mirror
nothing
opportunity
perspective
tourists
water
wonder
compare
c e t n u S d e & l i 8 i a e
c
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t
n
u
S
d
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&
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i
8
i
a
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c
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S
Science & Social Studies SALT Salami and Kimchi Key Words
Science & Social Studies
SALT
Salami and Kimchi
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

Before You Read
Before You Read

Here are some foods preserved in various ways. Check the foods that are preserved with salt.

Pickles Dried Seafood
Pickles
Dried Seafood
Canned Food Ham
Canned Food
Ham
Dried Fruit
Dried Fruit
Jam
Jam

HamPickles,Answer:

goes bad
goes bad
seasonings
seasonings
moisture
moisture
hangs
hangs
bacteria
bacteria
soaked
soaked

1.

can damage furniture.

 

2.

Some

 

cause diseases.

3.

Salt and pepper are good

 

.

4.

Food quickly

 

during the summer.

5.

I

the strawberries in sugar water.

6.

He always

 

his jacket on the chair.

Background Knowledge What salt does to fungi and bacteria Fungi and bacteria love moist places.
Background Knowledge
What salt does to fungi and bacteria
Fungi and bacteria love moist places. Food is a
perfect place for them to live. Salt can be used to
dry out moisture from the food so that fungi and
bacteria cannot live.
Salami and Kimchi 08 0 Foods Preserved with Salt Focus How has salt changed the

Salami and Kimchi 08

0
0
Salami and Kimchi 08 0 Foods Preserved with Salt Focus How has salt changed the way
Foods Preserved with Salt
Foods Preserved with Salt
Salami and Kimchi 08 0 Foods Preserved with Salt Focus How has salt changed the way
Focus How has salt changed the way we eat?
Focus
How has salt changed
the way we eat?
ground meat
ground meat
 

In ancient times, it was dif cult to keep food fresh for a long time. There were no refrigerators, so food went bad and made people sick. Fortunately, people discovered salt. Not only did it add avor to food, but it

15

5

also dried it out. Therefore, it had no moisture for fungi and bacteria to grow in. By using salt, food could last for

longer periods of time.

20

Salami is a popular meat that is preserved with salt. The word “salami” contains the Italian word for salt,

10

sale , and it means “all kinds of salted meats.” To make salami, you need to mix salt and other seasonings with ground meat and hang it to dry. After a while, you can enjoy the salami.

Science & Social Studies SALT
Science & Social Studies
SALT

Meat is not the only kind of food that can be

Studies SALT Meat is not the only kind of food that can be preserved using salt,

preserved using salt, though. Vegetables can be preserved that way, too. One example is kimchi, which is enjoyed daily in Korea. The word “kimchi” comes from the word chimchae , which means “soaked vegetables.” To make kimchi, you need to soak vegetables in salt

water. The salt in the water preserves them and keeps them crunchy.

Today we have refrigerators, but that does not stop us from using salt to preserve food. After all, such foods have long been part of our daily diets!

Words 212

Connect to Yourself Is there any food in your country that is preserved with salt?
Connect to Yourself
Is there any food in your country that is preserved with salt?
Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is this passage mainly about?

 

a. the use of salt to preserve food

b. the recipes for making salami and kimchi

c. how salt was developed as a food source

d. how to use salt to prevent bacteria from growing

Detail
Detail

2. What is NOT mentioned as a characteristic of salt?

a.

It dries moisture.

b. It preserves food.

c.

It contains bacteria.

d. It adds avor to food.

Detail
Detail

3. Which is NOT true about kimchi?

a. It is enjoyed daily in Korea.

b. Kimchi is an old name of chimchae .

c. Kimchi got its name from its ingredients.

d. Kimchi has a common ingredient with salami.

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from this passage?

a. Drying food can be another way to preserve it.

b. People eat less salt because they have refrigerators.

c. The ability of salt to preserve food was discovered in Italy.

d. People had made kimchi even before salt was discovered.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “last” in line 6?

a.

nish

b. go bad

c.

live

d. stay fresh

B. Answer the questions.

1. How does salt preserve food?

It

dries

out the moisture so

2. What does “salami” mean?

It means “all kinds of

3. What do you need to make salami?

and

” in

.

can’t grow.

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Organize the information with the words from the box.and ” in . can’t grow. raphic Organizer & Summary Salami Kimchi Sale : all kinds

Salami Kimchi Sale : all kinds of meats Chimchae : Origin of the Word vegetables
Salami
Kimchi
Sale : all kinds of
meats
Chimchae :
Origin of the Word
vegetables
Main Ingredient
Ground
Cabbage
Mix
salt, other seasonings,
Soak vegetables in salt
How to Make
and
ground meat and hang it
to keep them
to
dry
.
.
Common
Ingredient
cabbage
dry
salted
salt
crunchy
soaked
meat
seasonings
water

Complete the summary with the words from the box.dry salted salt crunchy soaked meat seasonings water In ancient times, people began using salt to

In ancient times, people began using salt to preserve food. Salt dries out the moisture
In ancient times, people began using salt to
preserve
food. Salt dries out the
moisture
in food so
and
by adding salt and other seasonings to
cannot grow. Salami is made
meat. Kimchi is made
by
soaking
vegetables
in salt water. The salt keeps them
crunchy
and
makes them
of our daily
last
longer. Foods preserved with salt have long been part
diets
.
fungi
last
preserve
ground
crunchy
soaking
moisture
vegetables
bacteria
diets
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CHAPTER 3
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SoundSoundSoundSSSSSSoooooouuuuuunnnnnndddddd
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9 How We Hear
Sound
10 Silent No More
e
e
s
How do we hear
sound?
What sounds could you
hear in the ocean?
Sound
Echo and
12
11 Listen to This!
Narcissus
BIG IDEA
What can we do with sound?
What is an echo?
What are musical
instruments made of?
e
c
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M
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n c e 9 i e c o u S n S d
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9
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Science How We Hear Sound Key Words
Science
How We
Hear Sound
Key Words

Complete the sentences with the key words.

Key Words Complete the sentences with the key words . SOUND Before You Read Look at
SOUND
SOUND
Before You Read
Before You Read

Look at the pictures. Who can’t hear sound? Why?

a b d c space.theinsoundthecarrytomediumnoisthere
a
b
d
c
space.theinsoundthecarrytomediumnoisthere

60

andairnoistherebecausesoundhearcan’tdpictureinmanTheAnswer:

attaching
attaching
rm
rm
vibrate
vibrate
medium
medium
shaking
shaking
empty
empty

1. She is

a note to the wall.

2. Only one of the three glasses is

.

3. Language is a(n)

for communication.

4. She is

the box to gure out what’s in it.

5. The guitar makes sounds when the strings

.

6. Baseball bats are very

so they don’t break easily.

Background Knowledge molecule Molecule A molecule is a group of atoms that are joined together.
Background Knowledge
molecule
Molecule
A molecule is a group of atoms that are joined together.
Everything is made of molecules, including gas, liquids,
and solids. Molecules can move and vibrate.
atom

Lesson 9 • How We Hear Sound

61

How We Hear Sound 090 No Air, No Sound! Focus How do air molecules help
How We Hear Sound 090 No Air, No Sound! Focus How do air molecules help
How We Hear Sound
090
No Air, No Sound!
Focus
How do air molecules
help us hear sound?
Sound doesn’t have a physical form, but we still hear
it. How does this happen?
When you hit something, the air molecules around
it start to shake. These vibrating molecules then shake
5
the other molecules nearby. The vibration is passed on
like a wave. When it reaches your ear, it causes tiny hairs
inside to shake, too. The nerves under the hairs sense
this and send a message to your brain. Your brain reads
this message as sound.
10
In order to travel, sound needs a medium. This
medium can be a solid, a liquid, or a gas. This is why we
can’t hear sound in outer space, where there is no air.
Here is a simple experiment to show that sound needs a
medium.
Science
Science
SOUND
SOUND

Experiment

What You Need

•an empty plastic bottle

•matches

•a small bell

•tape

•a short, firm, hard stick

Find the objects listed above. Attach the small bell to the end of the stick. Then, attach the other end of the stick to the inside of the bottle cap. Put the cap on the bottle and shake it. Can you hear the bell ring?

cap on the bottle and shake it. Can you hear the bell ring? 15 Now, remove

15

Now, remove the bottle cap from the bottle. Light a 20 few matches and drop
Now, remove the bottle cap from the bottle. Light a
20 few matches and drop them into the bottle. Quickly put
the cap back on. Wait for the matches to burn out and
the bottle to cool. Shake the bottle again. The bell should
sound softer or not be heard at all. Why?
Words 221
Connect to Yourself
What would be the most dif cult part of your daily life if you
couldn’t hear sound?
Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

a. Air is the best medium to carry sound.

b. We cannot hear if we don’t have a brain.

c. The experiment shows that there is no sound in outer space.

d. We hear sound when the vibrations of a medium travel to our ear.

Detail
Detail

2. What reads the message from the nerves inside the ear?

a.

the tiny hairs

b. the brain

c.

a sound wave

d. a medium

Detail
Detail

3. Which is TRUE about sound?

a. Sound can be heard in outer space.

b. A medium is needed to carry sound waves.

c. Sound has a physical form, so it is passed on like a wave.

d. The hairs inside our ears read the messages sent from the brain.

Inference
Inference

4. What can be inferred from the experiment?

a. There was more air in the bottle.

b. The bell became hot and grew bigger.

c. Some of the air in the bottle was used up.

d. The bell sounded softer because of the smoke from the matches.

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

5. Which can replace the word “message” in line 8?

a. signal

b. note

B. Answer the questions.

c. sound

d. nerve

1. What causes tiny hairs inside the ear to vibrate?

The vibration of

air

molecules

causes them to vibrate.

2. How does the brain know that there is sound?

Some nerves

a(n)

sense

to the

message

the hairs inside the ear vibrating and send .

3. Why is space a silent place?

64

raphic Organizer & Summary
raphic Organizer & Summary

Write the numbers to organize the information in the correct order.is space a silent place? 64 raphic Organizer & Summary 4 2 1 3 A message

4 2 1 3
4
2
1
3

A message is sent to the brain, and sound is heard.to organize the information in the correct order. 4 2 1 3 Something vibrates and causes

Something vibrates and causes molecules nearby to vibrate.2 1 3 A message is sent to the brain, and sound is heard. The vibration

The vibration passes to molecules farther and farther away.Something vibrates and causes molecules nearby to vibrate. The vibration reaches the tiny hairs inside the

The vibration reaches the tiny hairs inside the ear, and nerves senseThe vibration passes to molecules farther and farther away. the vibration. Complete the summary with the

the vibration.

Complete the summary with the words from the box.tiny hairs inside the ear, and nerves sense the vibration. Sound starts with the vibration of

Sound starts with the vibration of air or other molecules . The vibration travels to
Sound starts with the vibration of
air
or other
molecules
. The
vibration
travels to our ear and our
sense it. They
a message to the
. For sound to
to our ear so that we
hear it, it needs a(n)
. We can see this with a(n)
experiment
using
a bell in a bottle. When there is less or no air in the bottle, we will
only a so sound or no sound from the bell.
air
brain
experiment
hear
medium
molecules
nerves
send
travel
vibration

Lesson 9 • How We Hear Sound

65

c e t n u S d e & l i 10 i a e
c
e
t
n
u
S
d
e
&
l
i
10
i
a
e
c
i
o
u
s
S
c
S
n
o
d
S
Silent No More
Silent
No
More
Before You Read
Before You Read

What do people do in the ocean?

No More Before You Read What do people do in the ocean? 66 Key Words Science
No More Before You Read What do people do in the ocean? 66 Key Words Science
No More Before You Read What do people do in the ocean? 66 Key Words Science

66

Key Words
Key Words
Science & Social Studies
Science & Social Studies

Complete the sentences with the key words.

disturb
disturb
peaceful
peaceful
underwater
underwater
silent
silent
with the key words . disturb peaceful underwater silent SOUND drilling mates 1. The village looks
SOUND
SOUND
drilling
drilling
mates
mates

1. The village looks

.

2. Hold your breath when you swim

3. Animals look for

.

to have babies with.

4. He is

holes in the wall to put up shelves.

5. Please don’t

me. I am watching the movie.

6. He kept

while everyone was talking and laughing.

Background Knowledge Noise pollution When there is too much of noise, we call it noise
Background Knowledge
Noise pollution
When there is too much of noise, we call it noise
pollution. While it does less damage than air or
water pollution, it can still be harmful to people.

Lesson 10 • Silent No More

67

Science & Social Studies 101
Science & Social Studies
101
SOUND
SOUND
Science & Social Studies 101 SOUND Silent No More The Noisy World under the Ocean Focus
Science & Social Studies 101 SOUND Silent No More The Noisy World under the Ocean Focus

Silent No More

Science & Social Studies 101 SOUND Silent No More The Noisy World under the Ocean Focus
The Noisy World under the Ocean
The Noisy World under the Ocean
Focus What are the effects of human activities on ocean life?
Focus
What are the effects
of human activities on
ocean life?

On TV, the sea seems peaceful and quiet. It looks as if there would only be the sounds of ocean waves above the surface and the soft sounds of sea animals below.

However, this silent-looking world under the sea

is actually not silent. This is because of all the noise that humans make. They sail boats across the sea and play water sports by the beach. Other noises are made when people drill deep into the sea oor looking for oil and gas. Some people even use special equipment

that produces sound waves to nd sh and other things underwater. All of these activities create loud noises in the water and harm the lives of many sea animals.

Like humans, sea animals need to communicate with one another. They need to nd food, mates, and their way

noises cause sea animals to get lost and to be unable to hear their prey coming or their mates calling. Some become injured or end up dying because their signals get confused.

20 Unlike garbage and oil, underwater noise pollution cannot be seen. But it’s obvious that we are harming

ocean life. We must reduce noise pollution as soon as possible. If we don’t study the problem now and take action quickly, it will be too late.

Words 221

Think Critically What can we do to reduce the noise pollution in the ocean?
Think Critically
What can we do to reduce the noise pollution in the ocean?
the ocean polluted by garbage and oil
the ocean polluted by garbage
and oil

15 around. But man-made noises disturb their signals. The

68

Lesson 10 • Silent No More

69

Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension

A. Choose the best answer.

Main idea
Main idea

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

 

a. Human activities underwater are important.

b. There are some activities that make loud noises.

c. Noise pollution is harming the people near the sea.

d. Humans are disturbing the ocean world by making noise.

Detail
Detail

2. Which is NOT mentioned as a man-made sound?

 

a.

the sound of sea waves