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National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra

Department of Electrical Engineering

APSE LAB FILE

Submitted by: Nikhil Nagar (11610341) Section: E-8


EXPERIMENT NO:- 1

Problem:- Write a program to use the friend function inorder to access


the private data of class.

Programme:-

#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class complex

public:

int a,b;

void get_data()

int x,y;

cout<<"enter two numbers"<<endl;

cin>>x>>y;

a=x;

b=y;

void show_data()

cout<<"\na="<<a<<"\nb="<<b;

friend complex add(complex c1,complex c2)

complex temp;
temp.a=c1.a+c2.a;

temp.b=c1.b+c2.b;

return(temp);

};

int main()

complex c1,c2,c3;

c1.get_data();

c2.get_data();

c3=add(c1,c2);

c3.show_data();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT:-2

Problem:- Write a program to implement basic structure of class and


member function by reading and printing a student name and marks and also
write a function to assign a grade to the student.

Programme:-

#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class student

public:

string name;

int roll_no;

int marks;

void get_data();

void print_data();

void print_grade();

};

void student::get_data()

cout<<"enter name ,roll number, marks";

cin>>name>>roll_no>>marks;

}
void student::print_data()

cout<<"display";

void student::print_grade()

if(marks>=85)

cout<<"A+";

else if(marks<85&&marks>=75)

cout<<"A";

else if(marks<75&&marks>=65)

cout<<"B";

else if(marks<65&&marks>=50)

cout<<"C";

else if(marks<50&&marks>=40)

cout<<"D";

else

cout<<"fail";

int main()

student s[10];

s[1].get_data();

s[1].print_data();

s[1].print_grade();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
Problem(b):-Write a program to overload + and * operators to add
and multiply two numbers.

Programe:-
#include<iostream>

class complex

int a;

int b;

public:

void get(int x,int y)

a=x;

b=y;

void show()

if (b>=0)

std::cout<<a<<"+j"<<b<<"\n";

if(b<0)

std::cout<<a<<"-j"<<-b<<"\n";
}

complex operator+(complex c);

complex operator*(complex c);

};

complex complex :: operator+(complex c)

complex temp;

temp.a = a +c.a;

temp.b = b +c.b;

return temp;
}

complex complex :: operator*(complex c)

complex temp;

temp.a =a*(c.a)-b*(c.b);

temp.b= a*(c.b)+b*(c.a);

return temp;

int main()

complex a,b,c,d;

a.get(4,-4);

b.get(2,3);
c= a+b;

d= a*b;

a.show();

b.show();

std:: cout<<"sum of two vectors ="<<"\n";

c.show();

std:: cout<<"product of two vectors ="<<"\n";

d.show();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT NO:-3

Problem:- Write a program to implement multiple and multi level


inheritance.

Programme:-

#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class animal

public:

void show_data()

cout<<"all are animals"<<endl;

};

class dog:public animal

public:

void show_data1()

cout<<"all dogs are animal"<<endl;


}

};

class cat:public animal

public:

void show_data2()

cout<<"all cats are animal"<<endl;

};

class puppy:public dog

public:

void show_data3()

cout<<"all puppies are dog"<<endl;

};

int main()

animal a1;

dog d1;

cat c1;

puppy p1;

a1.show_data();

d1.show_data1();
c1.show_data2();

p1.show_data3();

return 0;

RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT NO:-4

Problem:- Write a program to show the use of pointer.


Programme:-
#include<bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

class Student

public:

int Roll_no;

string name;

long long int phone_no;

void get_input()

cout<<"enter the roll no:-";

cin>>Roll_no;

cout<<"enter the name:-";

cin>>name;

cout<<"enter the phone no:-";

cin>>phone_no;

void info()

cout<<"Roll no:-"<<Roll_no<<endl;

cout<<"name:-"<<name<<endl;
cout<<"phone no:-"<<phone_no<<endl;

};

int main()

Student s1 ,*p_st;

s1.get_input();

cout<<"the information of the student is:--"<<endl;

p_st=&s1;

p_st->info();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT:-5

Problem:- Write a program to implement Hybrid and Hierarchial


Inheritance.

Programme:-
#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class animal

public:

void show_data()

cout<<"all are animals"<<endl;

};

class dog:public animal

public:

void show_data1()

cout<<"all dogs are animal"<<endl;

show_data();
}

};

class cat:public animal

public:

void show_data2()

cout<<"all cats are animal"<<endl;

};

class puppy:public dog

public:

void show_data3()

cout<<"all puppy are dogs"<<endl;

};

int main()

puppy p;

cat c;

p.show_data3();

p.show_data1();
c.show_data2();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT:- 6

Problem:- Write a program to Achieve Late Binding through Virtual


Functions.

Programme:-
#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class Base

public:

virtual void show() { cout<<" In Base \n"; }

};

class Derived: public Base

public:

void show() { cout<<"In Derived \n"; }

};

int main(void)

{
Base *bp = new Derived;

bp->show(); // RUN-TIME POLYMORPHISM

return 0;

}
Result:-
EXPERIMENT:-7

Problem:- Apply the concept of the inheritance to write a program to


estimate the bills of a various consumers to two part tariff.

Programme:-
#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class bill

public:

int units,ammount,base=200;

void get_data()

cout<<"enter the uses units"<<endl;

cin>>units;

void show_data()

cout<<"units: "<<units<<endl;

void total_bill()

{
if(units<=base)

ammount=units*6;

cout<<"Your bill: "<<ammount;

else if(units>=base)

ammount=(base*6)+(units-200)*10;

cout<<"Your bill: "<<ammount;

else

cout<<"error"<<endl;

};

};

int main()

bill b;

b.get_data();

b.show_data();

b.total_bill();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT:-8

Programme:-Write a programme to simulate game of chances using


object oriented programming paradibam.

Programme:-

#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

class game_of_chance

public:

int a,b,no_of_chance=200;

void get_data()

cout<<"who gets more heads,wins"<<endl;

cout<<"enter the totat attemts:-"<<endl;

cin>>no_of_chance;

cout<<"enter the number of heads of nikhil"<<endl;

cin>>a;

cout<<"enter the number of heads of vani"<<endl;

cin>>b;

}
void game_result()

if((a+b)!=no_of_chance)

cout<<"invalid"<<endl;

else if(a>b)

cout<<"nikhil wins"<<endl;

else

cout<<"vani wins"<<endl;

};

int main()

game_of_chance g;

g.get_data();

g.game_result();

return 0;

}
RESULT:-
EXPERIMENT:-9

Problem:- Write a program to implement function templates to find out


the roots of second order quardracti equment.

Programme:-
#include<iostream>

#include<cmath>

using namespace std;

template<class T>

T root(T a,T b,T c)

T D=b*b-4*a*c;

if(D==0)

cout<<" x ="<<-b/2*a<<endl;

else if(D>0)

float r=sqrt(D);

cout<<" x1 = "<<(-b+r)/2*a<<" x2 = "<<(-b-r)/2*a<<endl;

else

float r=sqrt(-D);
cout<<" x1 = "<<-b/2*a<<" +i"<<r/2*a<<" x2 = "<<-b/2*a<<" -
i"<<r/2*a<<endl;

};

int main()

root(2,3,4);

return 0;

}
RESULT:-