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Unit III

Population migration and its impact on society

Population migration and its impact on society

Population migration and its impact on society The impact migration on population size Impact on population

The impact migration on population size Impact on population distribution Impact on service provision Implications on economic activity Implications on the physical environment

distribution Impact on service provision Implications on economic activity Implications on the physical environment
distribution Impact on service provision Implications on economic activity Implications on the physical environment
distribution Impact on service provision Implications on economic activity Implications on the physical environment
distribution Impact on service provision Implications on economic activity Implications on the physical environment

The impact of migration

Emigration and Immigration

An area of origin is a place from which emigrants leave

✦ An area of origin is a place from which emigrants leave ✦ An area of

An area of destination is a place to which immigrants go

An area of destination is a place to which immigrants go ✦ The process of migration

The process of migration has consequences for both- this can be either positive or negative

to which immigrants go ✦ The process of migration has consequences for both- this can be
to which immigrants go ✦ The process of migration has consequences for both- this can be
to which immigrants go ✦ The process of migration has consequences for both- this can be

Not welcome: Japan refuses more than 99 percent of refugee applications

Anti-refugee sentiment is rising in Europe and the United States but in Japan those seeking haven from tyranny and war have long faced daunting legal and social gauntlets.

Officials defend the low number, saying applicants are mainly from Asian countries seeking access to Japan solely for economic reasons.

Religious Affiliation Shapes Views Toward Refugees

Asian countries seeking access to Japan solely for economic reasons . Religious Affiliation Shapes Views Toward

Impact on population size

Impact on population size • An area of origin must inevitably grow less quickly if some

An area of origin must inevitably grow less quickly if some people leave.

must inevitably grow less quickly if some people leave. • mainly affected by rural- urban migration-
must inevitably grow less quickly if some people leave. • mainly affected by rural- urban migration-
must inevitably grow less quickly if some people leave. • mainly affected by rural- urban migration-

mainly affected by rural- urban migration- the rural areas being left behind.

less quickly if some people leave. • mainly affected by rural- urban migration- the rural areas
less quickly if some people leave. • mainly affected by rural- urban migration- the rural areas

Impact on population distribution

Migration also affects population distribution.

Mainly at a national scale as opposed to a global scale.

★ M a i n l y at a national scale as opposed to a global
★ M a i n l y at a national scale as opposed to a global
★ M a i n l y at a national scale as opposed to a global

Rural- urban migration

★ M a i n l y at a national scale as opposed to a global

Implications for service provision

Implications for service provision • S e r v i c e provision can include shops

Service provision can include shops (commercial), and also public facilities such as health, education and justice

public facilities such as health, education and justice • T h r e s h o
public facilities such as health, education and justice • T h r e s h o
public facilities such as health, education and justice • T h r e s h o

Threshold population needs to be considered for each area to ensure it is viable to have a service

for each area to ensure it is viable to have a service • M o d
for each area to ensure it is viable to have a service • M o d

Modern day society has witnessed primary schools, hospitals closing and people have to travel further to obtain these services.

day society has witnessed primary schools, hospitals closing and people have to travel further to obtain
day society has witnessed primary schools, hospitals closing and people have to travel further to obtain

Implications for economic activities

Implications for economic activities • A f f e c t e d by out- migration

Affected by out- migration particularly the rural areas Positive side to migration- the origin country receives remittances back from the migrants.

areas • P o s i t i v e side to migration- the origin country
areas • P o s i t i v e side to migration- the origin country
areas • P o s i t i v e side to migration- the origin country
areas • P o s i t i v e side to migration- the origin country

Implications for the physical environment

Implications for the physical environment • O u t migration can bring environmental problems if land

Out migration can bring environmental

problems if land and property is
problems
if
land
and
property
is
water control systems
water
control
systems

abandoned, neglected etc.

migration can bring environmental problems if land and property is water control systems abandoned, neglected etc.

Positive changes

Positive changes • N e w people in the area- increased demand for commercial services •

New people in the area- increased demand for commercial services New workers Increased trade Cheap labour

in the area- increased demand for commercial services • N e w workers • Increased trade
in the area- increased demand for commercial services • N e w workers • Increased trade
in the area- increased demand for commercial services • N e w workers • Increased trade
in the area- increased demand for commercial services • N e w workers • Increased trade

Negative changes

Negative changes • P u b l i c service under too much pressure • A

Public service under too much pressure Accommodation problems- shanty towns Health and education services under pressure Pressure on water and sewage systems Transport and infrastructure becomes overloaded Pollution

e on water and sewage systems • T r a n s p o r t
e on water and sewage systems • T r a n s p o r t
e on water and sewage systems • T r a n s p o r t
e on water and sewage systems • T r a n s p o r t