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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

Claret School of Maluso


Townsite, Maluso, Basilan

“INTERNET USAGE AND ITS IMPACT ON SENIOR HIGH


SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CLARET SCHOOL OF
MALUSO”
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS IN

PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1
AND

INQUIRY, INVESTIGATION AND IMMERSION


SUBMITTED BY:

1. ABOLHASAN, ALMODASSHER A. 9. AJIJUL, ROHELMINA A.

2. ASAKIL, TAHIER M. 10. ALIH, NAHLA T.

3. HABER, AR-RAFFIE SHRIVER A. 11. ANGKANG, ALMINA A.

4. JAINAL, AMERRAFI S. 12. ARABE, NURHALIZA I.

5. JUMADIL, ALHADIMAR J. 13. ASAKIL, SAMEERA N.

6. MOHAMMAD, ADZHAR I. 14. HUSSIN, ELIZA A.

7. NASID, AL-JASIM 15. ISMAEL, SUKRIA I.

8. TAGAYAN, AMEERKHAN P. 16. SAHA, RIDZMA A.

17. AMLIH, ASMALYN J.

SUBMITTED TO:
MR. AL-BAKIE L. AROLA
(PR-1 ADVISER)

MRS. ZORINA S. JADJI


(III ADVISER)

1
APPROVAL SHEET

In partial fulfilment of the requirements for Practical Research and


Inquiry,Investigation,and Immersion, this research entitled “INTERNET USAGE
AND ITS IMPACT ON SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CLARET SCHOOL
OF MALUSO” has been prepared and submitted by Almodassher M. Abolhasan,
Tahier M. Asakil, Ar-raffie Shriver A. Haber, Amerrafi S. Jainal, Alhadimar J.
Jumadil, Adzhar I. Mohammad, Al-Jasim Nasid, Ameerkhan P. Tagayan,
Rohelmina A. Ajijul, Nahla T. Alih, Almina A. Angkang, Nurhaliza I. Arabe,
Sameera N. Asakil, Eliza A. Hussin, Sukria I. Ismael, Ridzma A. Saha, and
Asmalyn J. Amlih who are hereby recommended for oral examination.
MR. AL-BAKIE L. AROLA MRS. ZORINA S. JADJI
(PR-1 ADVISER) (III ADVISER)
Approved by the Oral Examination Committee, date on October 15,2019,
with a rating of ______.
MS. LINA A. PIO
(PANELIST)

MR. ELJUDE M. NACARIO


(PANELIST)

MS. DIANA ROSE L. MISAMIS


(CSM, ACADEMIC COORDINATOR/PANELIST)

Accepted as partial fulfilment in one of the requirements for Senior High School Completion.

APPROVED BY:

MRS. AGNES B. ABACIAL, LPT


(CSM, TEACHER IN-CHARGE)

FR. JULIUS I. BOADO, CMF


(CSM, DIRECTOR)

2
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Grateful acknowledgement is hereby given to thank the parents for their moral

and financial support and for the courage they gave to finish this study. Thank you

also to the respondents, friends, and classmates for sharing some ideas regarding

on the research.

A special thanks to the Almighty God for his presence, for always guiding the

researchers, wherever the destination is in making this research, and for all the

blessings he gave.

Last but not the least, the researchers would like to thank Mr. Al-Bakie L. Arola

and Mrs. Zorina S. Jadji for reading this paper, for providing advices, and for giving

ideas on this research.

3
ABSTRACT

The internet is a technology that has become an enormous part of students’ daily

lives. Over the last decades, internet connectivity has improved tremendously and is

available everywhere such as homes, offices, travels, and schools. Today, empirical

studies report that access to information can influence the lives of students.

However, studies on internet use among senior high school students are limited in

the Municipality of Maluso, making it uncertain whether students here use internet

and its impact on senior high school students in Claret School of Maluso. Hence, this

study investigates the internet use and its impact on senior high school students of

Claret. Six research questions were formulated to guide the study. The research

design adopted was the survey method, using questionnaires as the instrument of

data collection. Four sections from Grade 12 were selected and a sample of 40

students was randomly selected from these sections. Questionnaires were

distributed for data generation. Data collected were analysed using descriptive

statistics. The findings reveal that internet is one of the beneficial tools in this era of

Information and Communication Technology(ICT). This study also revealed some of

the problems encountered in the usage of internet, which include slow internet

speed, lack of stable power supply, and payment of online services. It was

recommended among others that the school management should embark on

awareness programmes that will sensitize the students to take the advantages

derived from the use of the internet.

4
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1

Approval Sheet------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2

Acknowledgement--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3

Abstract----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4

Table of Contents---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5

CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION----------------------------------------------------------------6-10

A .Background of the Study------------------------------------------------------------------------6-8

B. Statement of the Problem-------------------------------------------------------------------------8

C. Hypothesis--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9

D. Aims of the Study-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------9

E. Significance of the Study--------------------------------------------------------------------------9

F. Scope and Delimitation---------------------------------------------------------------------------10

G. Definition of Terms--------------------------------------------------------------------------------10

CHAPTER 2 : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE---------------------------------11-14

2.1 Internet Use----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11

2.2 Time Spent on the Internet --------------------------------------------------------------------12

2.3 Impact of Internet---------------------------------------------------------------------------------13

2.4 Challenges in Accessing the Internet-------------------------------------------------------14

CHAPTER 3 : METHODOLOGY------------------------------------------------------------------15

CHAPTER 4 : RESULTS AND DISCUSSION--------------------------------------------16-17

CHAPTER 5 : CONCLUSION---------------------------------------------------------------------18

CHAPTER 6 : RECOMMENDATION------------------------------------------------------------19

REFERENCES------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20-21

5
CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the study

The internet is the key information and communication technology that led to a

worldwide revolutionary change in the information scenario. The internet is a pool of

knowledge and any country that fails to provide her youth access to the internet is

unseating the country from her throne of dignity among other dignitaries. It is

developed to serve as a platform for various activities for all age groups in society.

The internet is a technology that has become an enormous part of people’s daily

lives. Through its ability to act as a support medium in different functions for which

people use it, the internet was introduced to academic institutions as a tool to

enhance student’s academic experience in the mid-1990s. Over the last decades,

internet connectivity has improved tremendously and is available everywhere such

as homes, offices, travels and schools.

Today, empirical studies report that access to information can influence the

academic performance of students. The use of credible internet resources is of

greater importance for academic study, especially in high class courses which

require an academic review of literature. Internet use for educational purpose is the

heart of adolescent academic achievement. The availability of internet is almost

everywhere, most students have had access to internet on their cellphones. This

helps students to broaden their academic knowledge, research and assignments by

accessing information worldwide and also enhances easy communication to the

academic community.

6
Access to a home computer and internet connection contributes to students’

academic performance as well as self-learning skills. Taking into account access and

usage of internet by secondary school students in the Philippines, most students

believed the internet to be far better and convenient than their school libraries. They

saw it as a source for general knowledge, and hence, it has helped them improve

their reading habits and their academic performance. The internet is sometimes used

as a supplementary learning material and has led to an improvement in students’

academic performance.

In the Philippines, graduate students see the library as a favorable environment

for studies, and a source of relevant and realistic information for research. However,

they prefer using the internet to the library because of the fact that the latter provides

readily information at all times, faster access to information and large amount of

information. Access to internet services is of great significance to a developing

country like Philippines. Updated and current information is well organized on the

internet for easy search, and has contributed significantly to students’ academic

laurels. The use of the internet creates awareness of the importance of the world

around students.

7
The growth of the Internet in the world provides many opportunities to many

people in many different ways. When students are considered, the use of the

Internet is mainly for social and entertainment purposes. However, it is very obvious

that the Internet provides not only social connection and entertainment, but also

academic and scientific information as well. Additionally, the Internet can be used as

a tool to learn the latest news all around the world as well as getting any kind of

information that serves different purposes such as learning more information about a

hobby or health. Therefore, it can be said that the Internet is the source of spreading

information quickly to a large audience and of going beyond the limitation of time and

space. In the light of the above information, it is vitally important to encourage

students to use this invaluable source to get any kind of information they need in

their academic studies.

B. Statement of the problem

The main objective of the study is to analyze the internet use and its impact on

senior high school students in Claret School of Maluso. The specific objectives

include:

 How often do Claretians use the Internet?

 What do they like doing most online?

 Where do they most prefer to be when they use the Internet?

 Do they feel a strong necessity to go onto the Internet when they are not online?

 Has the usage of the Internet influenced them in a positive way?

 What are the problems faced by students in using the Internet?

8
C. Hypothesis

The research will be guided by a hypothesis that:

The internet has a positive impact in a student’s everyday life, especially in his/her

academic activities.

D. Aims of the study

o To know the frequency of internet use among senior high students in Claret

o To break down the things they like doing most online

o To know where they prefer using the Internet

o To analyze how necessary Internet is to Claretians

o To examine the impact of the Internet in a Claretian’s life

o To identify the problems that prevent Claretians’ access to the Internet

E. Significance of the study

This study aims to determine the importance of the Internet to senior high school

students of Claret. Thus, the study will benefit not only the researchers, but the entire

school, especially in times wherein Internet is a must. This study will give an idea to

the school that the Internet can be a solution in decreasing number of illiterate

students. It will yield to an advancement of knowledge that will result to more studies

that can be conducted on the same area.

9
F. Scope and Delimitation

This study is only delimited to Grade 12 students of Claret School of Maluso.

Specifically, the respondents who were selected are 10 students from each of the 4

sections of Grade 12(Divinity, Loyalty, Integrity, and Audacity). The researchers

chose 5 girls and 5 boys randomly from each section.

G. Definition of terms

a) adolescent - a young person who is developing into an adult

b) credible - reasonable to trust or believe

c) dignitaries - a person who has a high rank or an important position

d) empirical - based on testing or experience

e) enormous - very great in size or amount

f) invaluable - extremely valuable or useful

g) laurels - honor or fame given for some achievment

h) scenario - a written description of something to happen

i) supplementary - more than is usual or expected

j) unseating - to remove someone from a position of power or authority

k) vitally - extremely important

10
CHAPTER II : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Internet Use


The use of internet grants its users great awareness of the importance of the
world around them. The internet is a platform for several types of information. It is
used by students including secondary students (Akin-Adaeamola, 2014). Internet
usage will continue to grow as long as its users are not denied easy access
(Olatokun, 2008). Recent statistics indicate that the internet gives people the option
to access information sites as well as other sites such as social media sites and
internet games (Siraj et al. 2015). A study by Ellore et al. (2014) on the influence of
internet usage on academic performance and face-to-face communication revealed
that as a result of the availability of internet, most students have had access to
internet on their cellphones. This helps students to broaden their academic
knowledge (Siraj, et al., 2015). The use of computer and access to online resources
according to Akende and Bamise (2017) are comparatively important to students.

Yesilyurt et al. (2014) showed that access to a home computer and internet
connection contributes to students’ academic performance as well as self-learning
skills. Considering access and usage of the internet by secondary school students in
Nigeria, Olatokun (2008) indicated that most students believed the internet to be far
better and convenient than their school libraries. The study pointed out that students
see the internet as a source for general knowledge, and it really helps them improve
their reading habits leading to an improvement in their academic performance. Siraj
et al. (2015) affirmed that students perceived the internet as a supplement for
learning and thus contributes to higher academic feat. Ogedebe (2012) agreed that
majority of students obtain relevant information such as academic materials from the
internet. This suggests that students use the internet to enhance their study. Sahin et
al. (2010) examined the use of internet resources by university students during their
course projects study. They argued that the use of trustworthy internet resources is
of vital importance for academic study, especially in higher class courses which
require an academic review of literature. Internet use for educational purpose is
found by Kim (2011) to be the habit of adolescent academic achievement. A similar
study conducted by Ruth and Adedotun (2015) posited that the source and access to
information can influence the academic performance of secondary school students.

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2.2 Time Spent on the Internet

It has been recently reported that adolescents today spend a significant amount
of their time on the internet for multiple purposes (Olatokun, 2008; Krischne and
Karpinski, 2009; Ogedebe, 2012; Singh et al., 2013; Bragdon and Dowler, 2016).
Evidence abound that excessive internet use has been associated with problems of
maintaining daily routines, school performance, and family relationships (Rickert,
2001). A study conducted by Bragdon and Dowler (2016) on college students’
technology use and academic performance indicated that upperclassmen spent
significantly more time using technology for academic and work related purposes,
whereas underclassmen spent more time using cell phones, online chatting and
social networking.

According to Olatokun (2008), a large proportion of secondary school students in


Nigeria had involved to some extent in using the internet in their everyday lives for
about four to five years now. Ogedebe (2012) observed that Nigeria tertiary students
prefer browsing the internet overnight to that of the day. Research shows that most
students spent an average of 2570.6 (42.8 hours) per week engaging in some form
of technology (Bragdon and Dowler, 2016).

Krischne and Karpinski (2009) carried out a study on Facebook and academic
performance.Facebook users and non-users reported comparable average daily
internet use and the highest category endorsed was between 1 and 2 hours pay day.
However, Facebook users were recording lower GPA and spending fewer hours per
week studying on average than non-users. According to Singh et al. (2013), because
of non-focused approach (mailing, gaming and social networking) as well as diversity
of knowledge on the internet on particular topics, students tend to waste time on the
internet. Similar activities (Chatting, e-mail and browsing websites) have been
identified by Samual (2010) in an attempt to evaluate internet usage among
secondary school students in public schools in Lagos State. Evidence from Denizli
on the effects of technological devices on academic success suggested that most
students have been late in submitting their assignments because they spend more
time on social media instead of doing their homework (Yesilyurt et al., 2014).
However, Singh et al. (2013) found that students with focused approach deep in
subject and primarily use internet for academic purpose. These students do not
waste time because of proper management of time, focus of search areas and
reducing the social networking sites to minimum. Despite great concerns over
excessive internet use, Siraj et al. (2015) concluded that high internet usage brings
better academic results as students get the opportunity to enter the information
world.

12
2.3 Impact of Internet

Ngoumandjoka (2012) categorized internet users into heavy and light users. In
his view, academic work is the main reason students use the internet on campus.
Students who were classified as heavy users were found to use the internet more for
recreational purpose than the internet users. His study further argued that the more
the internet is used for academic work, the more it is perceived to exert a positive
influence on academic grades. A number of authors (e.g Torres-Diaz et al., 2016)
equally agreed that internet usage has a positive impact on academic performance.
They opined that students who tend to use the internet more on educational
materials are less likely to fail their examinations. Therefore, the disadvantages of
lack of access to internet surpass the advantages. Also people who perform
interactive activities with peers and teachers or when they make a balance use of
internet tools for their course work tend to have greater academic performance
(Torres-Diaz et al., 2016).

Despite great concerns over excessive internet use, Siraj et al. (2015) concluded
that high internet usage brings better academic results as students get the
opportunity to enter the information world. It is reported that addiction to internet is a
good protector for student’s social skills and academic achievement (Mami and
Hatami-Zad, 2014). A relationship between internet addiction and academic
performance showed that the average internet addiction level of male students,
vocational school students and verbal field students were determined to be higher
than more academically sacksful students (Turel and Toraman, 2015). This supports
the idea that control use of internet can have positive influence on student’s
academic performance (Torres-Diaz et al., 2016; Ellore et al., 2014; Kakkar, 2014).
Moreover, it is necessary that students are taught how to use computer facilities to
search for valid information relating to their academic work (Mami and Hatami-Zad,
2014; Aitokhuehi et al., 2014).

13
2.4 Challenges in Accessing the Internet

Olatokun (2008) noted that the greatest obstacles to the full exploitation of the

internet are inadequate access, inherent risks and problems such as pornography,

scams among others. Though evidence showed that students have interest in

internet resources than other sources, they have been challenged (Sahin et al.,

2010). Therefore, it is necessary that internet access is made available at all hours

and instructors or lectures should refer students to educational websites for more

relevant information (Osunnade, 2003). It has been found that internet access is low

among senior high school students. Apart from access, it is disheartening to note

that some students cannot even operate a computer despite the number of years

spent in secondary school (Samual, 2010). According to Ruth and Adedotun (2015),

information sources that are mostly available to Nigerian students are their teachers

and lesson notes while library and internet facilities are the least available to them.

Meanwhile, the internet can be used for knowledge acquisition by serving as an

alternative to outdated books (Osunade, 2003). However, access to a computer and

internet connection contributes to students’ academic performance (Yesilyurt et al.

2014). There is a significant difference in the academic performance of students with

internet access and those without internet access. Taking into account the positive

and negative impacts of the internet, Yesilyurt et al. (2014) opined that the positive

influence outweighs the negative impacts.

14
CHAPTER III : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Method of Data Collection

An interview method was employed to accomplish the research aims and specific

objectives. Purposive Sampling procedure was used by the researchers in the

selection of respondents. The study relied mainly on primary data gathered directly

from the sample population. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to gather

data from students. The respondents were identified and given copies of the

questionnaires. The questionnaires were self-administered since the respondents

(students) were all literates. The entire administered questionnaires were retrieved

and this resulted in 100% response rate.

Sampling Procedure

The researchers use purposive sampling in determining their sample population.

SECTIONS MALE FEMALE Total Respondents

Divinity 5 5 10

Loyalty 5 5 10

Integrity 5 5 10

Audacity 5 5 10

Total: 20 20 40

15
CHAPTER IV : RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

This section is the presentation and analysis of data from the responses obtained
from the distributed questionnaires. The results were based on the various data
obtained from the use of questionnaires.

As shown in Table 1, (55%) of the respondents are using the internet every day,
(15%) are using it once a week, while the (30%) use it only when necessary.

FREQUENCY RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE


Everyday 22 55%
Once a week 6 15%
When needed 12 30%
40 100%
Table 1 : THE FREQUENCY OF INTERNET USE AMONG STUDENTS

Table 2 shows that (13%) of the respondents likely use the internet for news, (35%)
use social networking, (10%) use web browsing, (10%) use it for gaming, (5%) for
shopping, while the (27%) use it for online messaging.

USES OF INTERNET RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE


News 5 13%
Social Networking 14 35%
Web Browsing 4 10%
Gaming 4 10%
Shopping 2 5%
Online Messaging 11 27%
40 100%
Table 2 : USES OF INTERNET AMONG STUDENTS

Table 3 shows the students’ access to the internet. (78%) agreed that they prefer
using the internet at home, (2%) at school, (10%) outside of their homes, and the
other (10%) at their friends’ and family’s house.

ACCESS TO INTERNET RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE


Home 31 78%
School 1 2%
Outside 4 10%
Friends’ and Family’s House 4 10%
40 100%
Table 3 : STUDENTS’ ACCESS TO INTERNET

16
On the necessities of internet on students, Table 4 reveals that (58%) of the
respondents use the internet to aid school academic activities and requirements,
(12%) accept that the internet provides access to current information sources, and
the (30%) reported that the internet aids communication between people far from
them.

NECESSITIES OF INTERNET RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE


To aid school academic activities and 23 58%
requirements
To provide access to current information 5 12%
sources
To aid communication between people far 12 30%
from you
40 100%
Table 4 : NECESSITIES OF INTERNET FOR STUDENTS

On rating the use of the internet, Table 5 indicates that (93%) of respondents rated
that internet influenced them on a positive way, while the rest (7%) were not
influenced by the internet in a positive way.

POSITIVE INFLUENCE OF THE RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE


INTERNET
Yes 37 93%
No 3 7%
40 100%
Table 5 : POSITIVE INFLUENCE OF THE INTERNET TO STUDENTS

Table 6 shows the problems encountered in the use of internet services. (68%) of
the respondents reported that they encountered the problem of slow internet speed,
(10%) faced the problem of power failure, and the (22%) have problems in paying for
online services.

PROBLEMS RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE


ENCOUNTERED
Slow Internet Speed 27 68%
Power Failure 4 10%
Paying Online Services 9 22%
40 100%
Table 6 : PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY STUDENTS ON USING THE INTERNET

17
CHAPTER V : CONCLUSION

The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of internet to senior high

school students of Claret. It was paramount for this kind of study to be conducted to

determine the frequency of internet use among students, find out the most used

internet service, know how students have access to internet, analyze the necessities

of internet to them, examine the influence of the internet, and identify the problems

encountered by students when using it. The study reveals that the major problem

encountered by students in the use of internet services is slow internet speed. The

findings revealed that a great proportion of the students were influenced by the

internet in a positive way. The analysis showed that internet is necessary for

students to aid school academic activities and requirements. The research also

revealed that majority of the respondents prefer using the internet at home. The

study found out that most students use the internet for social networking and online

messaging. Lastly, majority of the students use the internet on a daily basis.

Therefore, provision of permission to use the internet in school and adequate

services will enhance access to information needed by the students which in turn

would have positive effect on their lives, especially in their academic performance.

18
CHAPTER VI : RECOMMENDATION

i. The school should, as a matter of necessity, give permission to students to

use the internet in designated areas and time.

ii. There is a need for extensive training programs organized at regular

intervals so that students can improve their efficiency in the use of the

internet.

iii. To solve the problem of slow functioning of internet connectivity, the

institution’s body should acquire high speed internet connection with

maximum bandwidth within the school premises.

iv. There is the need for the school management to embark on awareness

programs that will sensitize the students to take the advantages derived

from the use of the internet for academic purpose.

19
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