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Approved February 28, 1995

Recommended Practice

Control Center Design

Guide and Terminology
ISA-RP60.2, Control Center Design Guide and Terminology

ISBN: 1-55617-560-4

Copyright  1995 by the Instrument Society of America. All rights reserved. Printed in the United
States of America. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
otherwise), without the prior written permission of the publisher.

67 Alexander Drive
P.O. Box 12277
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709

This preface as well as all footnotes and appendices is included for informational purposes and is
not part of ISA-RP60.2.
This recommended practice has been prepared as part of the service of ISA, the international
society for measurement and control, toward a goal of uniformity in the field of instrumentation.
To be of real value, this document should not be static but should be subject to periodic review.
Toward this end, the Society welcomes all comments and criticisms and asks that they be
addressed to the Secretary, Standards and Practices Board; ISA; 67 Alexander Drive; P. O. Box
12277; Research Triangle Park, NC 27709; Telephone (919) 990-9227; Fax (919) 549-8288;
e-mail: standards@isa.org.
The ISA Standards and Practices Department is aware of the growing need for attention to the
metric system of units in general, and the International System of Units (SI) in particular, in the
preparation of instrumentation standards, recommended practices, and technical reports. The
Department is further aware of the benefits to U.S.A. users of ISA standards of incorporating
suitable references to the SI (and the metric system) in their business and professional dealings
with other countries. Toward this end, this Department will endeavor to introduce SI-acceptable
metric units in all new and revised standards to the greatest extent possible. The Metric Practice
Guide, which has been published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers as
ANSI/IEEE Std. 268-1992, and future revisions, will be the reference guide for definitions,
symbols, abbreviations, and conversion factors.
It is the policy of ISA to encourage and welcome the participation of all concerned individuals and
interests in the development of ISA standards, recommended practices, and technical reports.
Participation in the ISA standards-making process by an individual in no way constitutes
endorsement by the employer of that individual, of ISA, or of any of the standards that ISA
This recommended practice is one of a series that constitutes the control center standard, ISA-
S60. The individual sections provide continuity of presentation, convenience of reference, and
flexibility of revision. The complete standard consists of the following sections:


RP60.1 Control Center Guide for preparation of engineering

Facilities designs and specifications for control
center facilities.

RP60.2 Control Center Design methods and terminology

Design Guide and used in the specification of control
Terminology center facilities.

RP60.3 Human Engineering Design concepts accommodating

for Control Centers human physiological capabilities.

RP60.4 Documentation for Guide to the documentation

Control Centers associated with control center

ISA-RP60.2-1995 3
†dRP60.5 Control Center Guide to the use of available graphic
Graphic Displays display techniques.

RP60.6 Nameplates, Labels, Guide to the methods of

and Tags for identification of control center
Control Centers equipment and parts.
†dRP60.7 Control Center Guide to control center profiles,
Construction fabrication and finish methods, and
enclosure selection.

RP60.8 Electrical Guide Design concepts for control center

for Control Centers electrical requirements.

RP60.9 Piping Guide for Design concepts for control center

Control Centers piping requirements.

dRP60.10 Control Center Guide to the methods of inspection
Inspection and and testing prior to control center
Testing acceptance.

RP60.11 Crating, Shipping, Guide to methods for control center

and Handling for crating, shipping, and handling.
Control Centers

†Draft Recommended Practice. For additional information on the status of this document, contact
ISA Headquarters.

The following people served as members of ISA Committee RP60.2:


R. Borut, Chairman M. W. Kellogg Company

H. Hopkins, Managing Director Utility Products of Arizona
W. Aird Aird Telcom Associates
A. Alworth Consultant
C. Armstrong EGS
C. Aured Silent Watchman Corporation
*B. Ball The Foxboro Company
A. Barsamian 3X Corporation
S. Boyer Illiad Energy Inc.
*J. Cusak Moore Products Company
F. Durfee Toptools Automation Systems
G. Erk Consultant
J. Fertitta Consultant
T. Holland Johnson Controls, Inc.
A. Kayser Malcolm Pirnie Inc.
C. Lisser Consultant
J. Macosko Liebert Corporation
W. Maxwell Lower Colorado River Authority

*One vote per company

4 ISA-RP60.2-1995

R. Munz Mundix Control Center, Inc.

D. Neal Texaco Inc.
J. Phillips American Electric Power Corporation
H. Solk Consultant
I. Stubbs Consultant
*M. Walsh The Foxboro Company
R. Welch Saudi Aramco
W. G. Williams Consultant
W. T. Williams Lockwood Greene Engineers, Inc.
*W. Wylupek Moore Products Company

This recommended practice was approved for publication by the ISA Standards and Practices
Board on February 28, 1995.


M. Widmeyer, Vice President Washington Public Power Supply System

H. Baumann H. D. Baumann & Associates, Ltd.
D. Bishop Chevron USA Production Company
P. Brett Honeywell, Inc.
W. Calder III The Foxboro Company
H. Dammeyer Phoenix Industries, Inc.
R. Dieck Pratt & Whitney
H. Hopkins Utility Products of Arizona
A. Iverson Lyondell Petrochemical Company
K. Lindner Endress + Hauser GmbH + Company
T. McAvinew Metro Wastewater Reclamation District
A. McCauley, Jr. Chagrin Valley Controls, Inc.
G. McFarland Consultant
J. Mock Consultant
E. Montgomery Fluor Daniel, Inc.
D. Rapley Rapley Engineering Services
R. Reimer Allen-Bradley Company
R. Webb Pacific Gas & Electric Company
W. Weidman Consultant
J. Weiss Electric Power Research Institute
J. Whetstone National Institute of Standards & Technology
C. Williams Eastman Kodak Company
G. Wood Graeme Wood Consulting
M. Zielinski Fisher • Rosemount

*One vote per company

ISA-RP60.2-1995 5

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................... 9

2 Terminology ............................................................................................................................ 9

3 Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 9

4 Activity guidelines ................................................................................................................. 9

4.1 Planning activities ....................................................................................................... 10
4.2 Owner — CCD meetings ............................................................................................ 11
4.3 Engineering and design .............................................................................................. 12
4.4 Procurement ............................................................................................................... 13
4.5 Installation .................................................................................................................. 16

A — Terminology ..................................................................................................................... 19

B — Activity guide line diagram ............................................................................................. 23

ISA-RP60.2-1995 7
1 Scope

This portion of RP60 is included as a guide to initiating, designing, specifying, procuring, testing,
accepting, and installing a control center and its supporting facilities. The information is intended
to provide a broad base upon which to draw for the development of a specific control center
design using commonly accepted terminology and data. While a significant amount of
rudimentary data is included, this recommended practice is not intended to be used as an
instruction manual for untrained persons.

2 Terminology

For a glossary of the terms used in the RP60 series, see Annex A.

3 Introduction

The creation of a control center and its facilities requires a logical, step-by-step sequence of
planned activities by and among the participating organizations. These activities, if properly
undertaken from inception to start-up and in proper sequence, will significantly assist in obtaining
the required control center within the budget and schedule. This design guide includes a
suggested chronological order of such activities.

4 Activity guidelines

The following activities, in general, follow the recommended activity guideline diagram shown in
Annex B. Utilization of all of the guidelines should be considered regardless of the control center
size. Explanations of each of the activities and where they are considered necessary are
included. All of the activities listed for the Control Center Designer (CCD) may be accomplished
by the following:
1) CCD — owner(s);
2) CCD — Engineering Construction Contractor(s), (ECC); and
3) CCD — contracted individual.
The interfaces between the CCD and the other entities remain the same in all of the above.

ISA-RP60.2-1995 9
4.1 Planning activities

Before a control center project is initiated, the owner should have a budget estimate. When the
project is initiated, a qualified CCD should be designated. Certain items that should be
considered early in the planning stage should be in the hands of the CCD prior to the start of the
design. Many people can add significantly to the information the CCD will need, and these
people should be consulted. These include personnel from production, process engineering,
instrument engineering, facilities, maintenance, safety and utilities, who can assist in supplying
the following information.

4.1.1 Plant type

The type of plant indicates, in general, the size of the control center; the number of control
schemes; the degree of possible hazards, such as environmental, fire, explosion, or toxic
materials; types of control required; and location of the process and peripheral equipment.

4.1.2 Plant location

The geographical location of the plant has a direct influence on the placement of the control
center. Knowledge of seismic activity, weather, sunrise/sunset, heat/cold, and prevailing winds
could, for example, have an effect on the location or orientation of the control center facility and
the cubicles and consoles within it. Geographical location also will affect items in 4.1.3 and 4.1.4.
The geographical location also will be a factor in the costs of engineering and installation--e.g.,
travel time and expenses, shipping expenses, and material availability. Reference ISA-RP60.1,
Control Center Facilities.

4.1.3 Architectural preference, interior and exterior

Owner preference for style, size, shape, access, and number of floor levels and rooms plus
requirements for future expansion and materials of construction will influence the final design, as
will the choice of panel type (multipane or flat face) and its location relative to the process to be
controlled. Area lighting (wiring, fixtures, and installation) must be considered, as well as electric
power requirement for the control center.
The control center's support facilities should also be defined--e.g., instrument equipment storage
areas, testing and repair facilities, equipment and rack or wire termination rooms, supervisory
and administrative control equipment, filtering, heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems,
and personnel facilities.

4.1.4 Operator experience

The availability or lack of experienced operators can influence the design of the control center.
Affected design considerations include the following:
1) Complexity of control schemes;
2) Amount of automatic safety controls; and
3) Type and amount of graphic pictorial assistance.
Training from equipment vendors and others is available and should be provided to the operators
early in the design process.

10 ISA-RP60.2-1995
4.1.5 Type of instrumentation
The control center designer's primary choices of instrumentation types will be made from
(1) electronic distributed and programmable logic control systems, (2) conventional electronic
systems, and (3) pneumatic systems. Various advantages are associated with each type and
must be considered.

4.1.6 Control philosophy

The owner, after deciding upon one of the above types of instrumentation, must decide upon the
sophistication of the control schemes and the amount of safety controls that should be provided.
Most design features will be recommended by the CCD, but some limitations and requirements
should be specified by the owner. It is particularly important that the owner and CCD agree to the
amount of redundancy provided in the safety systems.

4.1.7 Codes and specifications

Unique power requirements dictated by the local, state, country, or other authorities having
jurisdiction are specified in the various codes and regulations. Electrical power levels,
frequencies, distribution, cabling, etc., and aspects of personnel health and safety should be
included in the specifications. All client and plant-specific labor agreements and installation
specifications should also be referenced.

4.1.8 Budget
The owner should have a budget estimate before obtaining quotations from the CCD.

4.1.9 Schedule
A definitive schedule will be determined by the chosen CCD. Contractual restraints must be set
up in the early planning stages of the project where an engineering/construction contractor is

4.1.10 Documentation
All of the foregoing information must be documented and retained by the owner and CCD, along
with a project statement (purpose), to provide complete information to the CCD and to avoid
confusion. These documents should be part of the project specifications.

4.1.11 Other considerations

The owner may have several other items that are important to the project but have not been
included above. The earlier the CCD is informed of these special requirements, the more
accurate the schedule and the budget will be.

4.2 Owner — CCD meetings

Prior to the start of CCD activities, meetings should be held to review the control center
requirements and to clarify the owner's requirements and preferences. As a minimum, the
following items should be reviewed:
1) Owner and CCD interface — Exact interface responsibilities should be apportioned.
The extent of owner engineering, review, and approval cycles should be set, if not
already defined in the job specifications.
2) Layout — Overall general layout requirements and owner preferences should be

ISA-RP60.2-1995 11
3) Codes — Local, national, and international codes should be available and adhered
to as applicable.
4) Unique items — Unique items in the specifications should be discussed and
understood. Long lead time items should be particularly considered here.
5) Spare parts — The philosophy of recommended spare parts and storage
requirements should be established.
6) Training — Training requirements of operators and maintenance personnel should be
7) Documentation — As each owner's document requirements are unique, the types of
drawings, manuals, and other data required should be included. Additionally, the
methods of transmission and to whom documentation is to be addressed should be
8) Cost estimates — Alternative designs and the budget should be reviewed, and close
liaison should be maintained between the owner and the CCD during the life of the
project. Cost and schedule control of changes, regardless of origination, must be
evaluated in terms of final cost and schedule effect versus the proposed benefit. The
aggregate costs and schedule effects should be regularly discussed with the owner.
It is recommended that revisions, particularly overruns, be justified as they occur
rather than as one large total at the end of the project.
9) Other considerations — Any unusual requirements should be discussed--for example,
international trade requirements.

4.3 Engineering and design

4.3.1 Engineering specifications

During the early stages of the job, the CCD should develop preliminary information and data as
the job specifications become increasingly firm. Once the CCD has confidence that the design
changes will be minimal (that is, instrumentation has been finalized as to type and the project
instrument flow diagrams reflect the control philosophy and hardware) then final documentation
for the control center procurement can begin. This would include the following:
1) Control center construction specifications
2) Hardware and instrumentation specifications
3) Layout drawings
4) Cost estimate
It is important to consider early in the project what equipment the control center manufacturer
(CCMFR) is to furnish so that the cost allocations can be applied correctly. Documentation, spare
parts, and training requirements also significantly affect the cost.

4.3.2 Other considerations

In addition to the drawing and design interfaces, the free-issue instrumentation must also be
considered. If the CCMFR is to furnish any instrumentation with the control center, it is to be
clearly defined prior to and included with the invitation to bid (ITB). In most cases the CCMFR
should be required to provide all of the hardware, relays, and switches; uninterruptible power

12 ISA-RP60.2-1995
supplies (UPS), power distribution panels, and termination panels. This material must be
identified in the ITB.

4.3.3 Owner review

It is important for the CCD to review all the prepared documentation with the owner prior to
proceeding with the procurement phase of the project. The changes made at this point will
minimize cost escalations and will have a minimum effect upon the schedule. Once the
procurement phase begins, in most cases, changes will affect not only the CCD, but also the
CCMFR and CCMFR suppliers, thereby increasing the cost and extending the schedule.

4.4 Procurement

4.4.1 Choosing acceptable bidders

Choosing bidders with acceptable credentials is one of the most important criteria of a successful
project. The bidder's input into the finer details of design can often save the owner money and
conserve schedule time. Some of the factors that should be included in bidder selection follow:
1) The bidder's past experience with the CCD or the owner
2) The bidder's known expertise in the industry for this particular type of control center
3) Advertisements in industry literature
4) Recommendations by industry peers
5) The bidders' response to a previously requested qualification listing which could
include experience, resumes, and references It is very important that the CCD make at least one visit to the bidders' plants and
engineering facilities to check for the following:
1) Plant size — Is it large enough (adequate floor space)?
2) Equipment — Do they have adequate tools to do the work?
3) Engineering facilities and personnel — Do they have qualified people to do the work
assigned, and do they have adequate facilities for them?
4) Quality control — Is a comprehensive system in place, and is adequate testing
equipment available to ensure that errors in design, manufacturing, and materials are
caught and corrected before the control center is shipped?
5) Storage area — Is a secure, clean, and dry area provided to store the free-issue
instruments and equipment?
6) How much of the project must be subcontracted by the bidder? A visit to
subcontractors may be in order, for the same reasons listed above.

4.4.2 Invitations to bid (ITB)

Documentation for the ITB is covered in detail in ISA-RP60.4, Documentation for Control

ISA-RP60.2-1995 13
4.4.3 Quotation review
Bottom line cost, particularly on a large, complicated control center, is not always readily
apparent. Each quotation usually will have alternatives to save the owner capital expenditure or
schedule time. Savings could include standard designs or equipment that the bidder can offer or
design innovations that were not included in the ITB specifications. It could be helpful to set up a
chart or matrix on which each quote is listed with all of the salient features listed by that bidder
and their associated costs. This chart could consist of a vertical listing of bidders, with the
alternatives listed along the top and columns below for each alternative. In this way, if more than
one bidder provides the same alternative, they can be easily compared. The chart should have at
least the following data:
1) Bidder — Full company name, address, telephone number, and person to contact
2) Cost — This should be the total cost for the control center as specified in the ITB,
without shipping costs or alternatives. This should also include costs for
documentation, training, and spare parts.
3) Shipping and crating costs — It should be checked that all bidders have quoted the
same — e.g., Free on Board (FOB) and Port of Entry (POE). Reference ISA-RP60.11,
Crating, Shipping, and Handling for Control Centers.
4) Specification deviations and their cost effect
5) Alternates and relevant costs
6) Special features listed in the quotations that are included in the cost but not particularly
specified. This could include more expensive hardware finishes or equipment.
7) Unacceptable features of the quotation
8) Schedule compliance
9) Total bottom line cost with all bidders made as equivalent as possible. This may require
requotes from bidders if their quotes were not adequately comprehensive or if another
bidder offered an alternative, and a comparison price is required. A formatted bid
response issued with the ITB may help to assure consistent proposals.

4.4.4 CCD recommendation

Once the CCD has completed the bidder comparison chart, it should be relatively easy to select
the recommended CCMFR. Once this selection is made by the CCD, a meeting should be held
with the owner. At this meeting, using the comparison chart as a guide, all of the relevant data
should be discussed with the owner. It is imperative that the owner be made aware of all of the
options available. An option that is particularly important to the owner may change the
recommended CCMFR and cause readjustment of the budgeted cost allowance and schedule.

4.4.5 Precommitment meeting

This meeting is to finalize any details that may not have been covered in the specifications and
the quotation. Additionally, the bidder is informed at this time which quotation alternatives have
been chosen. Some of the items that may be discussed follow:
1) CCMFR project engineer — It is important that one person be available to relay all of
the communications between the CCMFR and the CCD. It should be noted that direct
communication between the owner and the CCMFR without the CCD involved should
be avoided. It is the CCD's responsibility to control cost and schedule; no changes to
the control center should be made or approved without the CCD's knowledge.

14 ISA-RP60.2-1995
2) Specification deviations
3) Quotation alternates
4) Typical costs for changes
5) Major schedule events, such as the following:
a) Bidder drawing release (see ISA-RP60.4, Documentation for Control Centers, for
various releases)
b) Start of manufacturing
c) Control center framework -- fabrication and finishing
d) Installation of instruments
e) Completion of piping and wiring (ready for inspection)
f) Crating and shipping
6) Revision and change procedures — It is important to document and issue change
orders as they happen and as soon as they happen. Justifying cost escalations and
the consequential schedule changes to the owner is simpler if changes are made
known as they happen, rather than trying to justify one huge change to the cost and
schedule at a later time. Cost or schedule changes should be approved by the owner
prior to their execution.
7) Warranties and guarantees
8) Lines of communication, tests, and status reports
9) Cost and payment schedule -- This schedule should include the percentage of the
total cost of the control center paid at each particular chosen scheduled event.

4.4.6 Final quotation — review and approval

The final quotation should include all cost and design changes agreed to during the
precommitment meeting.

4.4.7 Purchase order release

The purchase order release should include all of the ITB documentation and drawing and
specification changes agreed to during the precommitment meeting.

4.4.8 Document review

The CCMFR's manufacturing drawings must be reviewed by the CCD and the owner. Normally,
the CCD will comment on the drawings prior to sending them to the owner.

4.4.9 Cost changes

A review and approval of any cost changes caused by the schedule should be given.

4.4.10 Free-issue material

Receipt of the free-issue material at the CCMFR's location should be verified.

4.4.11 Inspections and reviews

Inspections and reviews should be made in accordance with the prearranged schedule.

ISA-RP60.2-1995 15
4.4.12 Final inspection and testing
The final inspection and testing should be in accordance with ISA-RP60.10, Control Center
Inspection and Testing.

4.4.13 Final drawings

The final drawing should be received from the CCMFR.

4.4.14 Crating and shipping

Crating and shipping should be in accordance with ISA-RP60.11, Crating, Shipping, and
Handling for Control Centers.

4.5 Installation

4.5.1 Field receiving inspection report

If possible, this inspection should be made in the presence of the carrier and should be signed by
the carrier so that damage claims, if any, can easily be verified at a later date.

4.5.2 Packing list

Utilizing the packing list, it should be confirmed that all shipped equipment has been received.

4.5.3 Storage
If an installation site is not yet suitable for the control center, adequate storage facilities should be

4.5.4 Spare parts

Spare parts should be issued immediately to the owner.

4.5.5 Documentation
Documentation should be issued to the owner and designated construction manager for proper

4.5.6 Install and connect

Modern construction techniques usually can provide for quick and easy installation of the field
connections to the control center with plug-in cables between control center units and plug-in
cabling from the field terminations to the control center.

4.5.7 Test and calibration

As the installation techniques allow a quick hook-up, it should be relatively easy to calibrate and
test entire loops at once rather than one component at a time.

4.5.8 As-built documents

Control center documentation should be marked with changes and corrections as they are
incurred so that final "as-built" documents can be made.

4.5.9 Start-up
Where changes are necessary, strict document control is required. Maintenance will be
significantly easier if the control center is installed as the "as-built" documents indicate.

16 ISA-RP60.2-1995
Annex A — Terminology

air: For the purposes of this document, air implies use of any suitable and normally clean, dry,
safe gas. (Definition from ISA-RP60.9.)
air ride: An air suspension system installed on some moving van trailers to provide shock and
vibration control for handling delicate equipment. (Definition from ISA-RP60.11.)
apron: The part of the control center that encloses the area below the console mounting panel.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
as built: A document revision that includes all modifications performed as a result of actual
fabrication or installation. Various issues of "as built" documents may exist that reflect various
milestones such as "as purchased", "as manufactured", "as insured", and "as commissioned".
(Definition from ISA-RP60.4.)
checkout: A generalized term encompassing both inspection and testing. (Definition from ISA
Draft RP60.10.)
clinched: The bending of the excess length of a nail so that the sharp, protruding point is forced
back into the nailed material. (Definition from ISA-RP60.11.)
commercial quality angle or channel: Hot formed carbon steel or stainless steel, or extruded
aluminum shapes generally available as standard material. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
console: A control center, or part of a control center, having one or more inclined surfaces for
mounting instruments and controls within a range for convenient viewing and manipulation.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
container: A special-purpose, reusable enclosure for shipping cargo via truck, rail, and ship.
(Definition from ISA-RP60.11.)
control center: An equipment structure or group of structures from which a system is
measured, controlled, and/or monitored. (Definition from ISA-RP60.4, ISA-RP60.11, ISA Draft
RP60.5, and ISA Draft RP60.7.)
control center facility: A combination of the services, protective enclosures, and environmental
treatment necessary for the proper functioning of the control center. (Definition from ISA-
crate: A temporary enclosure used to provide protection of an item during shipping, handling,
and storage. (Definition from ISA-RP60.11.)
cubicle: An enclosed control center with front, rear, top, and sides -- with or without a bottom.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
drawings: Graphic representations of the control center, which also may include bills of
material, hard copies of video display tube (VDT) displays, photographs, and tables (e.g., wire
and cable lists). (Definition from ISA-RP60.4.)
direct process piping: That piping between the process and the control center which contains
process fluid. (Definition from ISA-RP60.9.)
dunnage: Loose material used around an item to prevent damage during shipment. (Definition
from ISA-RP60.11.)

ISA-RP60.2-1995 17
enclosure: A framework or shell, or a combination of these, that provides the environment for
containing the control equipment and instrumentation that constitutes a control center.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
equipment test: A test to verify that individual instrument items operate in accordance with the
assembly drawings. See Note 1. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
field piping: That piping connecting the control center to items external to the control center.
(Definition from ISA-RP60.9.)
free-issue: Free issue material is that issued by the owner and CCD to the Control Center
Manufacturer for installation into the control center.
free-standing: A control center or enclosure that will be stable in its normal position without
external bracing or bolting to other structures. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
functional test: A test performed on a subsystem or loop to verify proper instrument or
equipment response to stimulated inputs and outputs. Individual "loop" drawings, electrical
ladders, and wiring diagrams are usually the basis for this test. See Note 2. (Definition from ISA
Draft RP60.10.)
graphic lines: Representations of process and signal lines in a pictorial display. (Definition from
ISA Draft RP60.5.)
graphic symbols: Simplified, representations of process components and instruments in a
pictorial display. (Definitions from ISA Draft RP60.5.)
ground resistance test: Upon completion of installation of electrical grounding and bonding
systems, test ground resistance with ground resistance tester. For personnel safety, tests should
show resistance to ground, in 120 volt systems, to be 125 ohms or less. (Reference National
Electrical Code, latest revision.) The choice of allowable ground resistance will depend upon the
specific system requirements and the system interruption restrictions. It is recommended that
five ohms or less be utilized for general equipment and one ohm be used for instrument grounds.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
hi pot test: An insulation ac current-limited wherein a 0-600 volt rated wire insulation is tested
for 1000 v + (2 X nominal voltage rating) for a test time of 60 seconds. See Note 6. (Definition
from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
hygroscopic: Material that will readily absorb and retain moisture. (Definition from ISA-
inspection, in process: A periodic check to verify schedule conformance or quality control.
When prearranged, it may also permit a visual inspection or a special test of items that cannot be
checked or inspected when the system is completely assembled. (Definition from ISA Draft
inspection, visual (static): A check with no power or continuity equipment, normally intended to
verify: (a) dimensions, (b) layout arrangement, (c) nameplate inscriptions, (d) general adherence
to specifications, (e) quality of workmanship, and (f) accessibility. (Definition from ISA Draft
insulation resistance test: An insulation dc resistance test usually at a test voltage of 500 v dc
and a test time of one minute for a minimum acceptable resistance of one megohm. See Notes 4
and 5. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
label: Used to inform of detailed instructions about item identified. (Definition from ISA-RP60.6.)

18 ISA-RP60.2-1995
manuals: A compilation of electrical and mechanical specifications, parts lists, operating or
service instructions, calibration procedures, test logs, performance requirements, and pertinent
technical data required for the specific project. (Definition from ISA-RP60.4.)
nailing and blocking clip: A special fastener for joining fiberboard sheet material to wood
framing. (Definition from ISA-RP60.11.)
nameplate: Used to display basic information, including function. (Definition from ISA-RP60.6.)
panel: Any of the flat mounting surfaces of a control center. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.5
and ISA Draft RP60.7.)
piping: For the purpose of this document, the term "piping" includes metal or plastic tube, pipe
fittings, valves, and similar components, and the practice of assembling these items into a
system. (Definition from ISA-RP60.9.)
pneumatic supply: Air at a nominally constant pressure used to operate pneumatic devices.
(Definitions from ISA-RP60.9.)
point-to-point test: A continuity-test (i.e, with bell ringer ohmmeter or equivalent) to verify
electrical continuity from "Point A" to "Point B" as indicated on an "assembly" drawing. A
minimum of wires to be lifted. Caution must be used to protect equipment from electrical damage.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
process simulation test: An advanced system test wherein the test equipment includes a
device designed to respond as the actual process would to an upset or change. This test
provides a check on the system design itself and is an advanced method of operator training.
See Notes 2 and 3. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
signal air: Air at varying pressure used to represent process or control information. (Definition
from ISA-RP60.9.)
signal piping: That piping interconnecting instruments, instrument devices, or bulkhead fittings.
(Definition from ISA-RP60.9.)
specifications: Written data, drawings, and instructions that form the complete requirements
the system must meet. This may include equipment lists, approved vendor lists, applicable
company standards, and references to published standards (e.g., the National Electric Code and
ISA Standards). (Definition from ISA-RP60.4.)
staging test: A comprehensive checkout wherein all feasible components of programs of a
system, with the field transmitter and valve, are electrically or pneumatically simulated.
(Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
system test: A comprehensive "staging or functional" test performed on several loops
simultaneously to verify interaction. Cascade loop drawings, interlock ladder diagrams, or
operational specifications are the basis for this test. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.10.)
tagged item: An item that has been assigned a unique identification. Items appearing on piping
and instrument diagrams (P&IDs) are usually tagged in accordance with ISA-S5.1,
"Instrumentation Symbols and Identification." Items that do not appear on a P&ID may be
assigned unique identifications that do not conflict with previously assigned tag numbers.
(Definition from ISA-RP60.4.)
tags: Used to display specific information about item identified. (Definition from ISA-RP60.6.)
unit load devices (uld): A special-purpose, reusable enclosure for shipping cargo via aircraft.
(Definition from ISA-RP60.11.)

ISA-RP60.2-1995 19
untagged item: Any system, equipment item, or accessory that may be initially specified, listed,
or referenced in quantity by model number, catalog number, part number, etc., for general
identification and for ordering or handling purposes. These items are completely interchangeable
and could be uniquely identified with an assigned tag number after installation in the control
center. (Definition from ISA-RP60.4.)
visual slope: A forward sloping top section of a control center. (Definition from ISA Draft 60.7.)
writing surface: A smooth, horizontal or slanted surface attached to the control center front
vertical panel at a convenient height for writing. (Definition from ISA Draft RP60.7.)
NOTE 1: This test does not include signal direction or calibration.
NOTE 2: Some malfunctions found during this test may be attributed to documentation
NOTE 3: This test may be precluded by a higher level or a subsystem test.
NOTE 4: All wires to be tested must be disconnected from all electronic instruments and
ground connections.
NOTE 5: This test is not suggested unless the installation of wiring is such that the wire
insulation could be damaged.
NOTE 6: This test is not generally required within a control center and should not be
performed unless specified.

20 ISA-RP60.2-1995

Annex B — Activity guide line diagram

4.1 Planning 4.2 Owner = A/E 4.3 Engineering and

4.5 Installation
Activities Meetings Design 4.4 Procurement

4.1.1 4.2.a 4.3.1 4.4.1 Choosing
Field Receiving Inspection
Plant Type Owner A/E Interface Engineering Acceptable
Specifications Bidders

4.1.2 4.2.b 4.4.2

Plant Location Layouts 4.3.2 Invitations to Bid
Packing List
Other Considerations

4.1.3 4.2.c 4.4.3

Architectural Preferences, Codes 4.3.3 Quotation Review
Interior/Exterior Owner Review
4.4.4 Inspections and
4.1.4 Reviews 4.5.4
4.2.d A/E Recommendations
Operator Experience Spare Parts
Unique Items

4.4.5 4.4.12
4.1.5 Final Inspection and 4.5.5
4.2.e Precommitment
Type of Instrumentation Testing Documentation
Spare Part Requirements Meeting

4.1.6 4.4.13 4.5.6

Control Philosophy 4.2.f 4.4.6
Final Drawings Install and Connect
Training Final Quotation

4.4.14 4.5.7
Codes and Specifications 4.2.g 4.4.7
Crating and Shipping Test and Calibration
Documentation Purchase Order Release

Budget 4.5.8
4.2.h 4.4.8
As-Built Documents
Cost Estimates Document Review
Schedule 4.5.9
4.2.i 4.4.9
Other Considerations Cost Changes
Free-Issue Instruments

Other Considerations

NOTE: For applicable sections of RP60 series Recommended Practices, see preface to RP60.2.
Developing and promulgating technically sound consensus standards,
recommended practices, and technical reports is one of ISA's primary
goals. To achieve this goal the Standards and Practices Department
relies on the technical expertise and efforts of volunteer committee
members, chairmen, and reviewers.
ISA is an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited
organization. ISA administers United States Technical Advisory
Groups (USTAGs) and provides secretariat support for International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and International Organization for
Standardization (ISO) committees that develop process measurement
and control standards. To obtain additional information on the
Society's standards program, please write:

Attn: Standards Department
67 Alexander Drive
P.O. Box 12277
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

ISBN: 1-55617-560-4