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TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONGESTION CONTROL,AMBULANCE CLEARANCE AND STOLEN VEHICLE DETECTION Mr.R.Prabhu 1 and

TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONGESTION CONTROL,AMBULANCE CLEARANCE AND STOLEN VEHICLE DETECTION

Mr.R.Prabhu 1 and Ms.M.PREMALATHA 2

1 AP/ECE, GNANAMANI COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY

2 ME(AE), GNANAMANI COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY

Abstract-An Embedded system is a system that has software embedded into computer hardware which makes a system dedicated to an application or specific part of an application. An embedded system is one that has dedicated purpose software embedded in computer hardware. It is independent system or a part of large system. It is an electronic device that contains microprocessor or microcontroller and digital signal processor is used for image processing.A processor is an important unit in the embedded system hardware. It is the heart of the embedded system.Embedded systems are especially suited for use in transportation, fire safety, safety and security, medical applications and life critical systems as these systems can be isolated from hacking and thus be more reliable. For fire safety, the systems can be designed to have greater ability to handle higher temperatures and continue to operate.The key characteristics are being dedicated to handle a particular task. Since the embedded system is dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize it to reduce the size and cost of the product and increase the reliability and performance. Physically embedded systems range from portable devices such as digital watches and MP3 players to large stationary installation like traffic lights, factory controllers and large complex systems like hybrid vehicles. Complexity varies from low with a single microcontroller chip to very high with multiple units, peripherals and networks mounted inside a large enclosure.

I. EXISTING SYSTEM

mounted inside a large enclosure. I. EXISTING SYSTEM Fig1: Block diagram of existing system @IJMTER-2016, All

Fig1: Block diagram of existing system

International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research (IJMTER)

Volume 03, Issue 05, [May2016] ISSN (Online):23499745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161

AMicrocontroller is a devicethat control most things around us. The control of traffic lights is wellknown area wherethis type of control system is incorporated,which controls the four sets of traffic lights at the traffic crossing.But, thecontrol is not flexible, based on the condition of trafficat the crossing. Rather, the on and off time periods are fixedforthe red, green and orange lights. These timing durations arevaried as per the day, the day of the week etc. The traditional Vehicle-Actuated Control of isolated intersections attempts continuously to adjust green times. Themain disadvantage is that the control algorithm looks only at the vehicles on green while not taking into account thenumber of vehicles waiting at red. The simplest type ofvehicle- actuated installation has a detector located at a distanceA ahead of the stop line at an intersection approach, and a controller sensitive to signals sent by the detector. Simpletraffic-actuated signals suffer from some of the same weakness as those of fixed-timed signals. They will work well ifthe actual traffic flow matches the flow assumed when the unit extension of green was selected. Manual Controlling the name indicates it require man power to control the traffic. Traffic polices are allotteddepending on the countries and states to control a required area or city traffic. The traffic polices will have things likesign board, sign light and whistle to control the traffic. They will be instructed to wear specific uniforms in order tocontrol the traffic. In the manual controlling system more

man power is needed. Since the strength of traffic police ispoor it is not possible control traffic manually in all area of a city or town. The problems in the case of human trafficcontrol are as follow:

• Only skilled operators can make suitable judgments and decision, because the situation is very complicated and manyfactors should be considered at control;

• The work load of skilled operators is very high, because they always make decisions according

to traffic condition atvery short time intervals;

• It is very difficult to improve the process of traffic control, because the actual process of the

operators’ judgment isnot described clearly. Automatic Traffic Light is controlled by timers and electrical sensors. The lights are automatically getting ON andOFF depending on the timer value changes. While using electrical sensors it will capture the availability of the vehicleand signals on each phase, depending on the signal the lights automatically switch ON and OFF. In automatic trafficcontrolling, a traffic light uses timer for each phase. Another way is to use electronic sensors in order to detect vehicles,and produce signal that to this method the time is being wasted by a green light on an empty road. Traffic congestionalso occurred while using the electronic sensors for controlling the traffic

DRAWBACKS OF EXISTING SYSTEM

Requires manual control

Fixed operating time

BENEFITS OF PROPOSED SYSTEM

Low cost.

Low power consumption.

No manual work.

Reliability.

Compatible size.

Easy to implement.

International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research (IJMTER)

Volume 03, Issue 05, [May2016] ISSN (Online):23499745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161

II. PROPOSED SYSTEM

GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM VEHICAL UNIT

II. PROPOSED SYSTEM GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM VEHICAL UNIT AMBULANCE TX Fig2: Block diagram of transmitter ROADSIDE

AMBULANCE TX

SYSTEM GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM VEHICAL UNIT AMBULANCE TX Fig2: Block diagram of transmitter ROADSIDE TRAFFIC UNITS

Fig2: Block diagram of transmitter

ROADSIDE TRAFFIC UNITS

TX Fig2: Block diagram of transmitter ROADSIDE TRAFFIC UNITS Fig3: Block diagram of receiver III. BLOCK

Fig3: Block diagram of receiver

III. BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION

The block diagram consisting of

Amplifier

Vibration sensor

Pic microcontroller

International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research (IJMTER)

Volume 03, Issue 05, [May2016] ISSN (Online):23499745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161

RF transmitter & receiver

Encoder

Decoder

LCD

LED

GSM &GPS module

The road accidents in the city have been incessant and to bar the loss of life due to the accidents is even more crucial. To implement this we introduce a scheme called AARS (Automatic ambulance rescue system). The main theme behind this scheme is to provide a smooth flow for the ambulance to reach the hospitals in time and thus minifying the expiration. The idea behind this scheme is to implement an IT’S which would control the traffic lights in the path of the ambulance. The ambulance is controlled by the central unit which furnishes the most scant route to the ambulance and also controls the traffic light according to the ambulance location and thus reaching the hospital safely. The server also determines the location of the accident spot through the sensor systems in the vehicle which encountered the accident and thus the server walks through the ambulance to the spot. This scheme is fully automated, thus it finds the accident spot, controls the traffic lights, helping to reach the hospital in time.

In this system if a vehicle has met accidents, immediately an alert message with the location

coordinates is sent to the Control center. From the control center, a message is sent to the nearby ambulance. Also signal is transmitted to all the signals in between ambulance and vehicle location to make it green. The vehicle accident observed using vibration sensor and in the control section it is received by the microcontroller and then the nearby ambulance is received from the PC and controller sends the message to the ambulance.

A vibration sensor is a device that uses the piezoelectric effect to measure pressure, acceleration,

strain or force by converting them to an electrical signal.Piezoelectricity is the ability of crystals and certain ceramic materials to generate a voltage in response to applied mechanical stress .GPS is used to find the location of any object or vehicle to monitor continuously using satellite signals. GPS will give the information of parameters like longitude, latitude and attitude. With the help of these parameters one can easily locate the position of any object. In this GPS technology, the communication takes place between GPS transceiver and GPS satellite. Global system for mobile communication (GSM) is a globally accepted standard for digital cellular communication. The GSM modem is connected with the microcontroller. This allows the computer to use the GSM modem to communicate over the mobile network. These GSM modems are most frequently used to provide mobile Internet connectivity many of them can also be used for sending and receiving SMS message. RF transmitter and receiver is used for wireless communication between the ambulance and traffic controller. Encoder and Decoder will be used for encoding and decoding of the data.Liquid crystal displays (LCDs) have materials which combine the properties of both liquids and crystals. Rather than having a melting point, they have a temperature range within which the molecules

are almost as mobile as they would be in a liquid, but are grouped together in an ordered form similar to a crystal.

A light-emitting-diode (LED) is a semiconductor diode that emits light when an electric current

is applied in the forward direction of the device, as in the simple LED circuit. The effect is a form of electroluminescence where incoherent and narrow-spectrum light is emitted from the p-n junction.LEDs are widely used as indicator lights on electronic devices and increasingly in higher power applications such as flashlights and area lighting.

International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research (IJMTER)

Volume 03, Issue 05, [May2016] ISSN (Online):23499745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161

IV. THE GSM NETWORK

GSM provides recommendations, not requirements. The GSM specifications define the functions and interface requirements in detail but do not address the hardware. The reason for this is to limit the designers as little as possible but still to make it possible for the operators to buy equipment from different suppliers. The GSM network is divided into three major systems: the switching system (SS), the base station system (BSS), and the operation and support system (OSS).

system (BSS), and the operation and support system (OSS). Fig4: Diagram of GSM (Global System Communication)

Fig4: Diagram of GSM (Global System Communication)

GPS MODULE GPS is used to find the location of any object or vehicle to monitor continuously using satellite signals. Three satellite signals are necessary to locate the receiver in 3D space under fourth satellite is used for time accuracy. GPS will give the information of parameters like longitude, latitude and attitude. With the help of these parameters one can easily locate the position of any object. In this GPS technology, the communication takes place between GPS transceiver and GPS satellite. GPS technology became a reality through the efforts of the American military, which established a satellite-based navigation system consisting of a network of 24 satellites orbiting the earth. GPS is also known as the NAVSTAR (Navigation System for Timing and Ranging).GPS works all across the world and in all weather conditions, thus helping users track locations, objects, and even individuals! GPS technology can be used by any person if they have a GPS receiver. Structure of GPS The GPS system comprises of three parts: Space segment, User segment and Control segment. The diagram of the structure of GPS is given below. Space segment The satellites are the heart of the Global positioning system which helps to locate the position by broadcasting the signal used by the receiver. The signals are blocked when they travel through buildings, mountains, and people. To calculate the position, the signals of four satellites should be locked. You need to keep moving around to get clear reception.

International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research (IJMTER)

Volume 03, Issue 05, [May2016] ISSN (Online):23499745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161

2016] ISSN (Online):2349 – 9745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161 Fig5: structure of GPS User segment – This segment

Fig5: structure of GPS

User segment This segment includes military and civilian users. It comprises of a sensitive receiver which can detect signals (power of the signal to be less than a quadrillionth power of a light bulb) and a computer to convert the data into useful information. GPS receiver helps to locate your own position but disallows you being tracked by someone else. Control segment This helps the entire system to work efficiently. It is essential that the transmission signals have to be updated and the satellites should be kept in their appropriate orbits.

GPS receiver identifying the path

their appropriate orbits. GPS receiver identifying the path Fig6: GPS identifying the path FEATURES  High

Fig6: GPS identifying the path

FEATURES

High sensitivity- 160dBm

Searching up to 65 channels of satellite

LED indicating data output

Low power consumption

Real time navigation for location based services

APPLICATIONS

Car Navigation, Marine Navigation and Fleet Management

Automotive Navigator Tracking, Vehicle Tracking

International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research (IJMTER)

Volume 03, Issue 05, [May2016] ISSN (Online):23499745; ISSN (Print):2393-8161

Auto Pilot, Personal Navigation or Touring Devices

Tracking devices/systems and Mapping Devices Application Emergency Locator

ENCODER An encoder is a device used to change a signal (such as a bitstream) or data into a code. The code may serve any of a number of purposes such as compressing information for transmission or storage, encrypting or adding redundancies to the input code, or translating from one code to another. In digital electronics this would mean that a decoder is a multiple-input, multiple-output logic circuit(2 n -n). DECODER A decoder is a device which does the reverse of an encoder, undoing the encoding so that the original information can be retrieved. The same method used to encode is usually just reversed in order to decode. In digital electronics this would mean that a decoder is a multiple-input, multiple-output logic circuit(n-2 n ). ADVANTAGES

Low cost.

Low power consumption.

No manual work.

Reliability.

Compatible size.

Easy to implement.

APPLICATION This project also is useful for TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM

V. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

MPLAB MPLAB IDE is an integrated development environment that provides development engineers with the flexibility to develop and debug firmware for various Microchip devices MPLAB IDE is a Windows-based Integrated Development Environment for the Microchip Technology Incorporated PICmicrocontroller (MCU) and PIC digital signal controller (DSC) families. In the MPLAB IDE, you can:

Create source code using the built-in editor.

Assemble, compile and link source code using various language tools. An assembler, linker and librarian come with MPLAB IDE. C compilers are available from Microchip and other third party vendors.

Debug the executable logic by watching program flow with a simulator, such as MPLAB SIM, or in real time with an emulator, such as MPLAB ICE. Third party emulators that work with MPLAB IDE are also available.

Make timing measurements.

View variables in Watch windows.

Program firmware into devices with programmers such as PICSTART Plus or PRO MATE II.

Find quick answers to questions from the MPLAB IDE on-line Help.

VI. CONCLUSION

The safety and rescue are the primary concern in every part of fast moving world. There are many accidental event occur due to an unavoidable reasons. Though the occurrence of accident is quite unavoidable, this innovative project is challengingly undertaken to make the change in worst scenario by providing importance to alerting, monitoring and tracking the location of an event. Which would in turn provides efficient quick response for rescue process to be carried out without any latency.