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21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World

Subject Teacher: Dulce Luaton-Montano,RN,LPT

1. __________ Consist of Oral and Written in several Languages (Spanish, Portugese, and the Indigenous languages of
the American’s as well as literature of the united states written in the Spanish language.)
a. Greek Literature
b. Spanish literature
c. Philippine literature
d. Latin America literature
2. The __________ was a period of "foundational fictions" (in critic Doris Sommer's words) novels in
the Romantic or Naturalist traditions that attempted to establish a sense of national identity, and which often focused on
the role and rights of the indigenous or the dichotomy of "civilization or barbarism",
a. 16th century
b. 19th century
c. 20th century
d. none of the above
3. __________ is the formal or informal expression of the people of Latin America and includes both high
culture (literature and high art).
a. Paintings
b. Latin American culture
c. clothes
d. Filipino culture
4. After World War II, Latin America enjoyed increasing economic prosperity, and a new-found confidence also gave rise
to a _______.
a. Nation
b. Romanticism
c. literary boom
d. literary writers
5. The Burning Plain and Other Stories by Juan Rulfo is written in what year?
a. 1953
6. Who wrote ‘’Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon’’ in 1958?
a.Carlos Fuentes
b.William Shakespeare
c.Ernest hemingway
d.Jorge Amado
7. He is Mexico’s most celebrated novelist, he is also “one of the most admired writers in the Spanish-speaking
world”, according to the New York Times.
a. Juan Rulfo
b. Carlos Fuentes
C. Stephen king
D. None of the above
8. She was actually born in Lima, Peru, where her father was working as a second secretary at the Chilean embassy at that
a. Isabel Allende
b. Maya Amgelou
c. Jane Austen
d. Sylvia Plath
9. Isabel Allende published this novel at the age of 40 in the genre of magic realism that chronicles several generations of
the Trueba family and highlights the Pinochet dictatorship
a. the house of the man
b. the house of the spirits
c. the house of the Gods
c. the house of the birds
10. Who is the writer of ‘’one hundred years of solitude’’?
a. Ortez Cofer
b. Charles Dickens
c. Gabriel Garcia Marquez
d. Juan Morrison
11. One hundred years of solitude came out in year _______.
12. He is mainly known as a short-story writer, he was a key figure in the Spanish-language literature. Educated in
Switzerland, fluent in 5 languages, exceptionally well-traveled and impressively intelligent, he became a published writer
in 1920s when he finally returned to Argentina.
a. Juan Morrisom
b. Jorge Luis Borges
c. Oscar Hijuelos
d. Mario Vargas Llosa
13. This novel details the life of the Buendia family over seven generations and is claimed to be “the greatest revelation in
the Spanish language” since Don Quixote and “the first piece of literature since the Book of Genesis that should be
required reading for the entire human race”, according to The Guardian.
a. One hundred years of solitude
b. The aleph
c. The labyrinths
d. The birds
14. She is the first Latin American female writer (and so far, also the only one) to receive a Nobel Prize in Literature, she
was also a feminist, a diplomat and an educator.
a. Gabriela Mastral
b. Gabriela Mistral
c. Grabriela Ministral
d. None of the above
15. It is Gabriela’s first collection of poems that came out in 1914 and were marked with motifs of life and death that
have never been discussed in Latin American literature as profoundly before.
a. the death of American people
b. American killing
c. Sonnets of Death
d. Rise of American literature
16. He is known as one of the founders of the Latin American Boom – the time in 1960s and 1970s when Latin American
literature was internationally renowned for the first time.
a. Jorge Amado
b. Julio Cortázar
c. John steinback
d. Victor Hugo
17. His most famous novel is called _________ in (1963) – an anti-novel that is to be read according to two different
sequences of chapters.
a. The Old Gringo
b. Dreaming in Cuban
c. the two chapters
d. Hopscotch
18. He is considered as one of the leading writers of his generation and most significant novelists in South America. He
rose to fame in 1960 with his comedies, murder mysteries, historical novels and political thrillers – his talent knows no
limitations in literary genre.
a. Mario Vegu Llosa
b. Mario Vargan Llosa
c. Mario Vargas Llosa
d. None of these
19. His first published work was ____________ (1952;“The Escape of the Inca”), a three-act play.
a. La huida del Inca
b. La hudio de Inca
c. La kaj Owa
d. Ang mga ibon
20. His first introduction to the world of fiction happened in his early childhood: his grandfather was the owner of a huge
library filled with classic Mexican and European literature. Just like Neruda, he became a published writer during his
teenage years, so by his early twenties he was already a recognized poet.
a. Mario vargan Llosa
b. Jose Lizardi
c. Octavio Paz
d. none of the above
TEST B. Fill in the blanks with the correct answer. Refer you answers below.
South Asian Literature Gulliver’s Travel
Anglo Canterbury Tales
Philippine Literature American Literature
Beowulf Japanese Literature
Korean Literature Chinese Literature

21. It is a late Latin prefix used to denote English and derived form Anglia, the Latin name of England.
22. Oldest surviving epic poem in English Literature describing the adventures of a great Scandinavian warrior of the
Sixth Century.
23. A Literature written or produced in the area of the United States and its preceding colonies.
24. It is a novel of an Irish writer, Jonathan Swift,that tells the travels into Remote Nations of the world.
25. Geoffrey Chaucer Novel written in Middle English developed after the Norman invasion.
26. Most of its literature is philosophical and didactic, little in the way of fiction and includes classics of Confucianism of
Daoism, Mohism and Legalism.
27. Influenced by Chinese Literature in the 5th Century that includes Heian Literature, Kamakura-Muromachi Literature,
Edo, Meiji, Taisho and Showa Literature.
28. Literature that is written in Hanja and world’s earliest known printed document in the world’s first featural script.
29. A well-known literature that consists of Indian, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lankan Literature.
30. It is a literature that is associated with the Philippines from prehistory, through its colonial legacies and on to the

TEST C. European Literature.

Identify the name of each picture/tradition in Europe.

31. 32. 33.

34. 35. 36.

Choices :
The Tomatina Festival The Danube Cross Swimming Whipping Monday
Caga Tió Wife-carrying Championship Blackening of the bride

37.World’s most renowned dramatist ___________________(1564 – 1616) became England’s national poet after the
success of his renowned
a .William Shakespeare
b. Johan Ludvig Runeberg
c. Franz Kafka
d .Albrecht von Haller
38. (1740 – 1795) is certainly the most influential poet and composer of Sweden. His main work is undoubtedly
the Fredmans sånger (“Songs of Fredman”), a collection of 65 poems and songs, and the Fredmans epistler (“Epistles of
a .William Shakespeare
b. Johan Ludvig Runeberg
c. Carl Michael Bellman
d .Albrecht von Haller
39. _________________(1779 – 1850) is a central figure of Danish literature and was crowned in 1829 as the “King of
Nordic poetry”.
a . Adam Oehlenschläger
b. Johan Ludvig Runeberg
c. Carl Michael Bellman
d .Albrecht von Haller
40. _______________(1708 – 1777) published his poem of 490 hexameters Die Alpen (‘The Alps’) in 1729 and was the
first author to consider the natural and idyllic life in the mountains with pure inhabitants, in contrast with the corrupt and
decadent existence of the dwellers in the plains.
a . Adam Oehlenschläger
b. Albrecht von Haller
c. Leo Tolstoy
d . Henrik Ibsen

41-45.What are the contribution of the African Literature to the Philippine Literature. (5 points)
46-50.Given a chance to make a written novel about your life, what will be your Title and its Story. (5points)