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MSN 514 Homework 4

Yetkin Pulcu
April 25, 2019

1 Part a
The question is asking to correct the formula from Prof. Cahangirov’s the-
sis.The formula is about the Prandtl-Tomlinson Model where we are interested
in equation of motion of phonons and to simulate this,we use the spring model
where the acceleration of the phonons can be written as
x
mẍ = −γmẋ + k (v0 t − x) + f sin (1)
a
using the dimensionless quantities from the thesis,one can arrive the equation

¨ e˙ + k ve0 e

e = −γ x
x t−x
e + sin (e
x) (2)
This is the equation where Professor Cahangirov missed the minus sign in damp-
ing term.However,this seemed to me as just a typo since the graphs he obtained
are correct.
Here are the separate graphs for each k and γ value.

Figure 1: Position versus Force with k = 0.2 γ = 4 v = 0.15

I also obtained the average force versus tip’s velocity graphs as follows. These
are very similar to Professor’s graph.
Before going to temperature dependence, we can make a few observations
for Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force Graphs.As it can be seen for
some special values the slip occurs.As stated in the thesis, when tip’s velocity

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Figure 2: Position versus Force with k = 2 γ = 4 v = 0.05

Figure 3: Position versus Force with k = 2 γ = 2 v = 0.05

approaches zero, the average friction force approaches to non-zero value.For k


> 1 case, they both approach zero.

2 Part b
For this part, we are asked to add temperature dependence and only obtain
the Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force.This part has some interesting
case.If I add a linear temperature, the slipping pattern did not change.
Now using the rand function with temperature,we see that the slipping
changes.
We are sure that adding temperature means adding extra degrees of freedom
and as it can be seen, when temperature is assumed to be 00.1, it changes the
slip pattern slightly.

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Figure 4: Position versus Force with k = 0.2 γ = 0.5 v = 0.05

Figure 5: Position versus Force with k = 0.2 γ = 0.1 v = 0.05

References
[1] Weisstein, Eric W. ”Fractal Dimensions.” From MathWorld–A Wolfram Web
Resource.

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Figure 6: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.2 γ = 0.1

Figure 7: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.2 γ = 0.125

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Figure 8: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.2 γ = 4

Figure 9: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.2 γ = 1

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Figure 10: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.2 γ = 0.1.
As it can be seen,adding emperature did not change the pattern but this is a
constant temperature.This is specified in code as ones(T,1)

Figure 11: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.1 γ = 0.125.
As it can be seen,adding temperature did not change the pattern but this is a
constant temperature.

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Figure 12: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 1 γ = 4. As it
can be seen,adding temperature did not change the pattern. The linear graph
stayed as linear.Again we used not random temperature

Figure 13: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 1 γ = 4. Now
adding random temperature again did not change the linear graphs.

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Figure 14: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.1 γ = 0.125.
Now adding random temperature again slightly changes the slip but still it still
present(Double Slip).

Figure 15: Tip’s Velocity versus Average Friction Force with k = 0.2 γ = 0.1.
Now adding random temperature again slightly changes the slip but still it still
present(Double Slip).