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u' :pho/;s.l~i~n dbQ:~~l!t: d"a:pp.,I}!l;iximfl~' le :~esllJl!tRt: a urn. m,dJ.l1' donne' ICt !IiI(; timt ,ailet:~, 'lJ]il!i$ OOn1iP~~' Ides, tennes stl!i'i/al1!~\s"

jD'"':"''-''''I~n: ,~, 'iilJl'"l_I'1'"'_' -~""I·"+;""'f""I"I_' I~ ,"'''''~'r<'' (:IU~' ...... nt "'~~, ,;1--:, -:;"" n:;loJl, ~'"I n"'''' I~ 'I~ ..... _,'_) ,.,III,...,-,.JI ..... ~I_ ~:w,_II'!U1 '~IIJ_IiIU_Ii~U-'tY,lU.-lc~.~,U~_UJIJ, '--'~!I..IL.I'I.'."'1; -~ ~ ~'~II!!~ ~ '.~,r~ ~;~'Y!I~ rJ!~~.~ ~l~li~"" y. U'!I~U_ll~I~_ll

U'iill ,ci.k!li_1 itapide I,e;illr :~l'ir,nllittm de'twlllVfl],' : -

" (" - 2.z' lZ~'J'" . "', ",,',,', "

g{~) L;!>' s.:o, '" [ I ~ R -+ R.~:'l. r;;e 'Cltllll iIIJ:O~~,Il, 1lJi0fi :~ouvu,u;iide: re.l!a:tl,~ de' 1,7 . ]:®c-,6,;,

On ;~e(JJuuq,iU\j;]im que [Ie te.rme: ,df'ord!fie' 2: >est: 't~, :~fiiifih'iCi!Jlf iiIg, bl!fiiM¢ d.~'GidK L,

ICe [vU:ldm!ii: e&t: 'Ires, ~,e.r,iI :;: dans: ~~, dMIiM!i ne me m't, ,d\c' '~,'l.!"I~'Y-Ol!lll ~ ,1'-' tm-n - d" :rcl-- -:

-v' - - -----~~ --~ ~~"'lr,r"~~~~-"- '~I"" ,r.-,ltil! - ,_,e"Q,re

n: est :inrfer.it!::ur au ~~~~ d."Ofl~ f~ = Il, ee (jiuii ,~lus!~;Ii,¢ ¢n, P:h¥S'i~J1l.I~ de iPfti'idr:e iilii']

1iI- Q- ~'i:-:r;<" t'rJ;;~, ~;ii'1'~I'~,,::;, d <II' ~""'~m, '.,'" (,c\~I'C''_~ ,"":'" f~"t" ... ti .... '1" d, _, 'IL. ~...JL.:' .. ,i:"",,- ~ -a a iI!., -/'iio.L.. ,-_ '-,

., ".IIll!l.1",,,, 1,"iC'" !h.lU lIi" ,,~,"" _ ,,"0;1' o:noo .... - .. UL ..... i!-- ... ~~,_.".".~" _"", ,L'!!!, !r~~!~!iI! ,Wy:JJI_aiI!~~.! iE_fIi

1li,~,e;1Jblialti~: 'p~, que le 'Fhr~l;d~ :~1."a allCun be$O(ln ,cl)'\unc:' '~r&i~llon ,die' C!lk:tJ!1 qu~ ,stmit.

,<'I!I!Iffl.§";.,.'j·"'" ~I "'i,;llt'~, [~'" ~~, i'ifio"""'--"i"!'~ I~ , , ~

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'F"(':-~ ,_ {if' ~ ,Xl ,_ J~~

:E:,¢ ,hY.5l6i\e1iiJ 'ii1],ilill, ne 'V~!l.It pilUS ;f'e:m'bi,urasser de 'p:~~autio~ dJf,6~dt~r.e' ~r:~~ -Ie ft]Y.$ ~1,!!.'W1!:1l!~: ;

I"i(X} _-:~'«~) ~ r=.rtx) dot

"[fI'

Equation differen,tieUe ,d~ premier' 0rdr,c; a, 'wrfu'bln sip8JllIl\~,res Ge oo,Olt d)es, '~'ililllatijoo~ du [prel1J!'j'i~r Qrdre' PQtu!" :leiS(JU(\]k:s. [@otl :peUjl,:~

~ re$~u1b~ ~nl )(',~t) x.j',~O :!!!!: ~' ~, ff(x" t.)-

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Copy rig hted m ateri al

Solt ~ la '!i',iiI~ilir' de :4' rotn:;spolfLdamu a it :;:; til!

I H{~l- H(x~) ;;; 'G(;~) - GOo} I

I, '

bettf'ple',~ ,soii' ~n:e :p'ilmiru~e de' maw m SOlHtJ!iise ,~,:son pOi.,:~ !!!!!, ~t~~ Gt: a b Rsistaoce

- - - -- ,'+, ,~, - '. dv '

d!:i r~ur m~li* pltf La. (:gjjC¢ f iI!, ,=:~ ji~;~,,, ,', On [OOt!!ent m~ ';;;;' tn' d," i;;;; ttl,!g - ~'Vl :par

[l;1Jroi~.o:m de la m[Jlio.n. mndmlenbie de ~:a d~amltilue ,sur i'"axe ,'Z,' s, On ~t ,stpa~f ~

F'- ~,. ~ - ~ - - - ,,- .1 ~-,..,- 1

dcux:varl:iibl,es; 'it a t era, :metljJ!i11l ,I~;fqillatkulll oow La, rUt,me ~

[

I l-,.r,~ d ¥ ,o~11 ' =~~_==:"" ;;;;: u,t

,"~:g = A.ijj~ - -

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t,e :~~mlm' :m-e.mbt¢ :n',~ii!St KUl'cl'hnl qu~ de' v~ Ie ,&eO.lJitd q,~ de t: n ,mlita, ,l!ihJJS die 't~®u~

- - ,', - - - '.'. '$':~' 11.1 diV

vttta pnm11lIuf .• vt d(1: ,,1lI,aq~' m¢___~btt~, $(:(I11t: 'pgUlii ~.e p:v¢rD'ue~' i~J~br.e [I' ' - ~ 1 ,et, [pour

~ it '~' , " ,- *~ :ff!,g' = ,","'IV' .

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c' r~, ~

:EQiuaJtio,n ,~hleai.re' dill, pr~m.~el" Q,miI'€. i, oo~ffid~mt5, con.smuts

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0[00 app¢'lIe '~#4ti(n;lj hQ,ltt~e ,1"'6qjI!Ja1J\i{m sans Ie :5iei.iOnd memb:re : [ay( t) .If- ~,y(.r} ;;' ~)

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yt'{ t) b, .Ji~'''''~1 'iiJ' t' :~.'I; '..., ,;1;, .".-<!lIJ~

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r:equatiGln. ,Mniogtlie -et ,dt1J~e :solutio:n, 'parti:cU~;i~H: de 1,~~,~,it~['Oi1J. oomptet~',

II. ne' r-est-e (1]U$ q,~~ t~@u~ Wl.e' solfUlil!)D p3l'ti'i;iiU(;t(i d~ fE) (~U! :impoi!lt b~!i!ld~tl bl 'pllltJ$ $i~ple fer,a, r.~;ff{ii~,e ~)",

~ 51l\a, tOllLdL\on [~'I ~-5t U'.Ht' OO:ifi$hiinlte IiOt{i~, ,r-;;, ~'ne m:IUit:l:01] ;pil'itb:fi.di!~~' ~ Yi :!!!!: ~.

= ,Si h~ ~"e$l: :Pi!!IiS, Ill1rte '!i;c'Q(n$'lanlte~ oil: om se dgbWllli~~,1li it mmm!il' oml :pe-i.Ii, [pOur toouveJ iUllLti ,ro1)udi().~ pa.!1'ieldj~re. C"est a~z silnplie fO'llif 1f'8 r'On~tio:ru: pilIY,DO:IIWS 1i!1'Ii ~!!i ,el iPOlllf Ies fo~bi~m- ,~i"m.~cd.ttes. '01J r.Oll :pm.l pfooe&~t par £dOOlifiGitio:n.

Iil'_" - - lit -" "il'}'

,~~Jt: Y'1: rettie' ,sollllltmn, p.an~cu'~r!.;tt",

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!De':IiI, mf-m;e :m:.Ioiht': que iP'O:ulr les iliqUlatiaris du pl'Wii1i[e( af .. ~h;,ce':~

'-1'1 - ~'-I'" -:' = - ,c.,I--_L ~- -I ~ ,JI ... -1"'h-'-:iI!~~'fiIJ .... :'m---;l~i"";·t 1\& .·mm.e M,!.\a "'<N]u~Qn "~·i!ir:a1_\t, d~ ,.iII! ,50 l'IiUIQn ,~".._n'"'-ra_,~ ~ .1 ~',L'd)_ ('(I\L:F~~ ~ Ci'$ ~ ~ _, y",~_~~ ~_ ~ ~~_, """",,L _.~~ ~ ~.~ ~!lJL~ __ ~ ~~ ~

rib)UliItiti~ ilu-m~ne et d','urne SCIi'li.~iQnJ ,:!!flt;i~~'Ii.~~ d.~ W'[~'llIarti(1fn, '~m'lete.,

Si,! est 'IlIt'U!' ooas.t~!n~~' d, I~ SQ]~l~n '!Jnk:~'!'IUe.r;c:'~: ~v,ianme!, c\~s.t: x' !;Ill ,~, su,Jl'lI1, en ,(,'

I Ji_ J~_I' d'..J b ~J ~IL" :.'," ~~ f~

8~Dt1irn ~ ,'tl~S 'Ctl'Ul:5iL'Y.e~,:':'~~Dm,· ,",(It]'yift 'liliy;Siqrut! ,iilI:o.D!ilimt: 'uiHi!: ,SDiU~min! ,palticwi. I[I@

~dlll1p~Jrt da temps, 'eJille [r;ep~6~liW~' Je ~~' [~m~~t: (,l~i ~'ft!lb1it ~r ~' :5l1!:_flsam,., !!M!e".!illt. ,crn!1!d}",

• :lltesoiliUitiQIlIi d.e 1,~equ:;i~ii'GllIi ih.o:m.~eh..t!! So:~t t1~'(~) ,+, b'x~'~~) ~ cx~ t} ,;;i;; 10 "n

o.~, therdl.e ~'~~:r,$ cl.!es $Qttlill@t'I$ d~' la fQ:r.m~ ,~( ~,) - Aeaj ~~ ,~., ,pi 'e C 1(1~!ij, IU Gilt, l~ [_t~.tm.ati~.eliS mnnireni: cruue [la, s6llL1ii'on :111 :pt1!i~ l¢o~rale' est: l,aille ~mbina~n ,Imeaire

d .;, ,,,fiol'i"""" "...!iLIl.I~·I"'"1'';' .,;j ... ,,0:; ..... Vn4'i ". -.~ IJI~!I.I_"", ~JI. "" .u",.~,hl! \1.'1:1; 'II.-'~ !II. J ,r.....,.1

'11j; . I._. I._ de ,,1',_ ., JiL .' •. ttl\ - .. , ci ~~' " . iiit,r,. - -'~'A fi'~

,r;,ce~n"trcU'ti::' .es, liij!!.!; UJ~,S: !;I.~ ;(tt • l,': ~ it,;l' ;;;; I~.,!I"I!!~' ~ Ic:t X '~~,or ;;;; Ir,(; '¥'I!.!C!'.

'm M'I'!i<'1i'J'taot daJl!Is n~ 'II vieot co, A,~M,iI'Io;~' +, _,9f!, t;)" ,~ 01

, . - .''''1u·:o.r.,.. . . - - . '\. I~'" ... - _. III ,.. ~.. • ~ L "_ '. _ ...

eequaliorru du ,~~nd, ~ d@1'W~: 0; doit,etr¢',~!11fliQn ~I: di~ '!< eq,~!:1kU:1! ~ti4rtH!' ~'"

'I'll v f' t' m· .ii,,' ,1r:"'~, ,1'I ... .,dil~I .... , " ,~_u ,~" LI!. -e ."~'!:~ ¥~ ,r~~Igl-c~~ I!,

I, :Vi5~f,imi~n~nll ,a~~t~f ~~jj~: b~ - ~I~( :> !)

U y ,;,i, ,cil)eux, ,OO:~u,t~.OIil$ (II e1i: ~ diillilS [R, ,ati, ill, dnl1l{; ~::

~ .. ;" AoiC:tU,!~' ,+ ~¢lu1i~ I ,A, et ~,e Jot

::L ,DiSCi:',imiina~t nUl ,ro:ll ,~~; ,= 4, __ ( .; I)

n '~' ,~, ~n.e [r,aci~ dO'~b1~ ~ ,d;a~, It et d~~$; Ct. ~,~

II :c~:!!!! (11, ,+ flilii'l;. ~0iI' II ..... ~, B:"": iI!IiI'

"~ \,{lI; ~ P'}""' " n, ""~ , . .,.; R,.

(C'~~: un u~ Ihnlt.e, p:bYlii~;iliem.ent ,5:a1ns 8li:ind:e iiS.w~fi'CatioJi.)1 3" UIKrlo'il'n8 D1i ~.tif50:~1 ,&.~, ,_ .t;;i', -c 0

:r. di." tAil .'";t"

, ~ .. . = u ::L ' • .yi:tlil!;t:' = Ii

U y a, ,d:ellt:,,;, ,:roil!Ujt~(Ur!~' ~i crt, ~"di!'ii~' C ~: a. ., ' '~~ ',' 2i~~" . ','

{On :n.ote :~ ire :n.o.m'bre oo.mpIe.xe tel, '~iue' ~,~, ;;;;: - ill • )[ O,R :!! !!)'I@-li',s :

S¢,1;d~s d~$ iso1,'l).IdQ:n~ ,rhlJ1lIes, pe!.!!tl,?;eIlt1: ~V~ii;~r' II;IIle !i~l~~~lio~ :ph}\',si(l~~ ~il et: (t,J: ~a_lli.t: i~ma,,,, gin'J~!rtes. c:o:nj~~IlI.ee;s~ on, ~ut poser IU, :;::;; -1 ± i:U) let dWl~ ees l~nditiiQlJIi5, ~,,8Q'~ultio:n$, ,::c(~) r'OO~,es, ,so:nt de !il! :f~l:'m!ll'

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.,." 'Ce... liflp. nt" A ,h/ "" ltD "'"".I} "2' :I!.,i'~ ,L" ~ V' I'f' e IA

:~~, ,ne f;e$te p:~u~ ,~I)"I,!'~ ajo!Xte,~ ~ne ro'It!!i~l'otl parti:e!!!illit~ Ide r:&uy~ti(m ,dlilTt,r¢~tt'¢'Ut. :iiliiti.' et ~, ciL~rerm:~I1I.er I.IES Y'oliL~u,~s: d~s '~IO'.mSJlllirn.1!~~ ,ill ~"aid,~ des oorni.ml.o.rnB, :iniii~ ...

Copy rig hted m ateri al

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~Sioimt V'II [Itt V 2. deux, 'vect¢lt!J~c$ :0010, [ntllls de ci)mposanh~s :fe~P.oot;,~:J; (X II , '11 , Z~)

O~1~' 'if~; ~ Z2) d!ilni ~e ,~, (;rU10]]o:~m~ {ft ~ ~,t. ~l" Soit ~ r,~:li1g1e OI:.imt.e· des vee- 4 -4

t(!i,iiif;5, 'V'I Cit: V 2'

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= .P'fifrp,ri~l~j iI't!',~~t:ri~~"t!S ,dliltJ\.\i ie'S' tril'if~S .~. =--* '=""f

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foelw.rtiluo.ii ce,trte condittiofill [est',.,eH.e sl!I/ffis.a'nie a:vec; 1.6 don:n~, num~rique$ roufm,i;es, '?

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'0 POUir :l\a, de;u:d~[ine [~iUle$t~Qm~ ~ fiirut: P,fetli'uillr,'i;l' >el1!! f'Q~pte Jes ,dlil'f-e~[c:~te~, pha~$, d(!!! mo~~ ,,!,'C1Irn1e:nlt~, ,~,'!,!\:(l~ des ,co:ndlUt.ioJ'l5: ~'n~ltiale.t ~MIngli1tes_"

~ :~',..-;.l ",,. ~H ... '"

,J~ ~v.:, ~,IUI~,y.I"'&

1 .. 0,1111 :peUl f[ecnclir,e ]"Qr,~~i.Il~· ~s; ab8Ci~~,a, 1\a, ~itiil)'J!1, de'~, '!j'.IM~ure~, rua d1t~ ;f;'~ I) ~ ~&, J~Ii'IJtc~erm: IJI!I!IC' di:sm.IKti' ,XI :~ V'~,& ,;i,'I,I'Qnt de (fcijWieJ' = ,1J,\!'tt !IOIn:e acd:l~[.itiDn = ,~: -(.~ o01linst:lllilt~' >- 0) ,~I p.3l't,ir ,d)e':Ia, date t! !:! :E~

:Po:llIr i' >, i'!,.Ie- nUJUlv~mi)n~; t.51 caf;act~f;j~ !p3iF:' 'unc' v,itt:5St, :::

V ~~ .x: ~ =,t1( t,~ t~) + "1'0

. . ].{ . ):a - 'ii.,," t" ~ -, ,X, ... , = - iiiI!\t= t- .. -+- "'~J~~ = 1.'1 J ,+ ii:,~~ :2 .. . " ! ;[Ii. ~" • ~. II

U}

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", ,,"~ ",' ~"'" I~ '~,' V' ,~ "", , 'V;(JI

,L:,:;!I'rt-t:t est obtmu, ~,Q.rsqU,I£i: ,~ill~, SOl!li: ;t '= ;t ~ :;::; _.

.. , ~

'1'1', ' " "'d' ,,;. C,C '-~I' ",;I" .. 'I;' ",.,", ,,li_, , ,(.",)." ' .. , ,', ·L .. • , ,(.'1- ..iI1~~" J' ..iii" ,Ju;'iID' ,

,G<'Iil, r;epo.~ !liilillh, !Ce ~~~.il!.I:eu!r yamS ,exp:feSSl.o.n,,~ Xii'. " ,on Ou ... I.e1il ' .1-i.I, 'liI~i1!~lOe 'liI, a.r,r·~l, • •

~ ~

v2:

'1j"N, =. ' ,I) ,,"P' , ,

Jkl' ~. - "* ". i1l~

2;11: "

A_iI'iI'hlf" ~e~'lli! '~i'" ~' '''--'~ '~ .• .:_ "rr.- ~~~.~-~ ',', u..'Her.rq\~ "

V a ~ 54: knru '" Ir~ ~ lS [1iJiI: • :f'~; ,d,"oQ,: D .= 24, m.

V~ ~ W.8 knnl" h .. ,!l ~ ,30!iE,' .5""~.; ,d,~'oo,: [[)-~: '81·m.

:2~ :ee~u:i,tiol1! :ho:mire de 1::1, iPrem~he 'vo:iIU:~-ei' est donlnee :pl!f [\a re~i)tio.n ,[ I)~ en. :faisan!t: i~'11 ~ 0 .~: 1:l:'~ ~ ,®, :

~i ~ ::'

it~. (bt't.f ;;;;;; ~,~ ~oogd¢ 'vo]tU!li'~ iMa1~I: ,~, r,r:.lmi~ ~ d ; ,~t il :Iii: d!i1ih~ .t·1 El ~" el,~·,et~iUt ,d,QG;(;

.fl., ~i~'''''M,.~~·,"",,;o;, ~ ~~..,I!.:i., V ~,

!IIi w (IUoM..I~ ' ... ·1 ~. T ";(]i'"'"

lao ~fuoor:IJ {~.) ~nn~ ,:'-klrs :po:lLlr lli ,~omde '~itl!lIlI-e' l!!1t1e posAmii)n. {:a.~:,~ rem~e par b} ~

.... rr .• ;'I; l!.;i';ii ,~'i;z_,_·u·(~ .~''Il..ll.,·V'':'" ,1" .:!i, ~~;J [!:IIi '=:2 !(iI\', =, [I" '. y(!!,,~.~ '~~J 'T,O'"' =,!:,!!~,

Vi(]; , ct qJiil dOIlIil:e 'uiIle' ,diiist3i1lCe.xi r:,tr-OOUfolliiZ jiUS-qJu'·ii :I'.::I[rrit: (a la dlate' ,. ;;; "[1,'+ ""'!ir'. } ::.

[~

._. _ v~, ,_'I" I •

. ~ ~ tl +·V,~=liL

~19'

lao ct'lndidO'Jl. d~m~!1id!6c:' oorn'¢espooo. ~ .~~ .,;( X~. (QfiIj ~~J# k~ d~mC'JtsJo:n5 d~ cVOltU1IG5" ~~milk$, ~ d~· :pO:~fJI~'$ ~~~f.i¢h!l", ],,' ,SQit :i:

v; " .. ~" v!, 2~ + V{!,~- d < :~t~ l'

V~'· .,

J Ci(];(~ 1). .,

{\Ii >- ~,' 'F' = .~, I *' V,,,,li

., :~ c. ..

,,,. ".to' ;til' ,:

.SOlt a.V« lies, 'valeurs donnees: ,d >- 33· Iln.

'Cdtt, oom:l~~i:atl ~lesot: ~ .~1iIffisa~l~ ~: iW $·uiff:OI: d'ili:"na,SIIJ£i" liiIi!I,e !5ituatlOlili te'Ui,i' ,qrjj~' b > t:i:;, ,a.~ il -c V,~e;.

I

U, ~n.d¢: yt)it~tr¢, he~"u:~ ~ :p~nwih¢ i!l.1!!',~n :mfrni:' :I~ [dl)~!: die' ~~ '&;eltnag;e'~, ~o-r~ .q,~'

~ ~ ~

b t'Qad~llUQ~ ~1r>@Ui~'h F~t: ~~ w;l'if;i~e ~

'~;i!"'lii~, '~·I ,i.: ,< .. 1,'[ :"'~-'~I,'ijiin"1'l 'I" """,u·~-,,- ",ffeflti!L;~mc' '''''''1'". ,~lj.tIf--:r"n ~n ~IIX:..:.," '"1"[ ,a""""'I!I-fL-, ""'"""I~' l~;ILlJII_~~ ,(I . H~ _1IiIJ~--v.I;K.llu_ .. ';~n~ ,.,~_,~ ~iJll,~ ,c __ ' _ !!I!-~ __ ~:IIJ.!\ all.lll~IRii.,C 1~11L'_~!l!l' -.~~ • .ut;: -!I!-~,

turn Sie :fI1jppr(KShe' 3~O:[$ oon~amm~t d~l :Iii p:~mle~ (b [(Hff"~reiiW .s 'vii!~S! ;i:'~'~, x'

','c~' .,tiI c" j": ,1,-""''': ",".", :'-,,' ," I~' [~iL"',~ , .rI"~,:"'~1,4L.o. ~ :1 ,c ,;~ :~'~;~;"I~I ~~, ~: . ;Ij,~;li~[,-AL... ,:-..fi""ij' .'": nISll.e '~DU~O'U!f,s. JIDShJ,W ill!ll !IiIU.w::,.. " ,,", es IiiWRC, OI5qu, e .e5i ,so:nlll, 3[iJ~~ ~'Iilil!! R:Uir '-11"",i11I1a

di est mlnlm.:J[l~"

IlIn pro_je~k!i M [~: m;\;~~ in' e$t land~ dal~ un [~~i!I vem~l (O~,.l) [a~, urne ~~,

,4

'if!1nble V,~ ~i:S:ii!Jirt: tun :angle' e l!fe(: [~~hofilm·mle Ox., ICe~ [~fereliltiet [~e' i la, Sllrra!!! de

11~'T'n" r"-II"," ,"I~'IL""n @tr~ -"JIl"'~'~'1fI ,",' d-'Il;;,"~"'~n"""r:~·~".iio,""'" 1'" "j !.!-e!1 "II!" "'e'~ sera Sli!,P;po.s;e' g;a~",~!e" _~_ ~ ~ ,a(1:le~~!lg!.!!D,";" 9 ':__i!!!i-\'I!I ptSii!L "lQ:;U" OO,!il5<~~!~ ,-,.J! [p"o-

'~ecf~e: [e-5t '!iO!J.U'rri:s: d~ll.us ;I une ~r;ct de: _tte:rt'ient dll1'E~ ~ l~:a~r'" fo'tice, liIue' li:Oi1il [llIii!iuJt

JI i. 11", _ '" "L ,. , , " .. 1,.""", "- '" ,. '''",,' , ,L, "'II ,,', I i!""" "

~ - ,-4 4, "-

metJtre $ou:s: la fomlne ff ~ =k ,.," avec k :> 0 ,et: V 'Villes.1e ~;mta;Iitti1l!1ee dill] 'projecti~ ..

1,., Eta'tiUiiF les ~UatiC'M aUI rm:uJvement : (),n hitt~~ra La c~;~tame: a;e 't;emp$ ,t ;; 1'.

M: ........ "" ~'" ,j,. ,'",,*~" ".:1\'1' '~11" '"d""'~~ ," ,"" ""M.,;,h;;, "rtij'~~I .. ,;d, "I ~"," J"JJ!n!Y!'!;;J !f;l.;u.'f! !!i!:I! 1!oi!ia]!!!liilWUe !.i!\i!' [P,!il!I;w;;;~~!'~ ~ :__Jm!!,~ i!/.!!ne ~~lm"-"'~!i!;;: ~".:."ca~\. ... ~ q~:e: sa

~

'Vi;t~;~e t~nd ~:e~ ume Umit~ 'VII, que [~~'onl p.fidi~er~ .•

It' cas i\I..=_ ... ~ , .. ~'l'~iI" [i' ....... , \,~;iio_ ... e· .. ' act-' i'rI~"';:~oi'Oiji 4~~ Ii-~i"", :,",''i'" ~iji~O\Oijil-:l:e" t: 1'-. 1II" 'i.i',,~ et· .. · 'ili'."

~ ... ~ n~~!ii;" glU~ ~ ~;;!I ¥il11II,~iI'OII .~,..;, !",,",~I'''I''''~[II uU UI} ·.UU" "'1'" II,U~[I,,""),,",~[~ u , ~\O " Q" '!r'e! Ytt"

2' .. , [ealoili~e~ I.e 'bimps l's, nkflsniire ,.l1ll1 pro~:edile, :pDIJJr' atite'1indre' Ire :i!ammet S de Si!l1 'D jectoire~ et: dQnfi1er [~a!: p!O$liit.ionl d'e S.,

Appl~'c~ti~~' ,!!'1umeriQll!'e':' 'el ~ :~" V[!) ~~ 'Ill :~ calc!!!ler l~lIltiht:de' de, 5., et: GDmp!r!!" a raUt1it~-de atte?'"~ te [l:Or~i:Jr:on fiI~g'li~' '[e ~'Otternent ,de, l'a~;'~

, . u,. lin ''''''i!'' I ''''~ I I I. ." ,.. ., ~II"

iPQi~t de 'QO:uJ11S

.' l.o.~ fb.n.dilI~e.ii!ltaile de la d))'i!l~m£q,ueOUitil ma!~:n~mati,qu,of;

'.' r*~IIl!Jti~n ,d:'&l~ti~~ d~lWlren;li~~l1e' d'l!l :~.emie~' [~rdre ~v.oc ,~QI!d, A·u~mbre.,

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:2~ A a~ diu, Iirr!~itlm~ dJu, ~ .I.~ai~f, 1:aJ tm;iSCit,;autt. e~:iJ.Id;Dee doit ~ S:t~lilIe[' ~ ~iIIi"dWl!iUlS ~ ,d\E ,Jj

la ~·r.aj~lQiJre' :PiIJ~~abo1jlq,u~' 'f,Ji "J~ssl£]ug ijo Gbt~1,[e e~ ~"~ib~"~ (k, 'Imr@tlement,

'~ 1' .... Ie" c; ..iii" ":""Iil.o. d: I-, Ali.,,"," ".-"'"- ,- ,- "",01'" --"..(; ... '-u "- ,~,'',--~ M:a -~,- -",-!'tBjit!ll I' "6t:i'~i _",~, 0:1 ,i'Q'Jl!'!.!!!l!!rngn~~ _ig ':il! ~r~~!i!!m'!,'q,~ :P.pp !I.q!.!!'9Ii' ~ __ fi!il\!i~ . ~ _.' !,!!i~, Iml ... _. ._.,:L _ ,, __

m: .;;;; "1,;' - /.:.:~r, IQilI ~:~~, ,d:~reaem.enlt: '~l!Ie t :;;;; ",~:;j' ;;;; GiJil1J.\Stall:llle",

. n~

,"""I' >!",'j';;",o[fo-, "\""" p"fo"''''r.ti~' "'. :c: _, ""'!O'!, 'I!.!!C~1;,J""1Io""" """~'" ""~-~~, ~ k

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EEl tc£i,'I.t;lUl.: ~e p:~itttciF~ ~~;ifid~m~tM OO~iS,]~ fOJimC '~!~ ~ If' ~ O\_mJ obth;:'fU Idi ~~cte'",

4 u~

,Iin!;mt. mile 16quation, eJiffe;Ilif'r:llt~eUe iIl'lil 'V :

r=~~==~==~==~~

~ 4,

d,l ~v -+, ~

~ r~~- '!::lj ifll,iJ1 ,= ~~

d.( - (it 10

!I.~OO:~''O;~5 m;ai_QlIenal'll~: ~,~'~,LWtio;_n, d~rrmlJi~:tdle

'-!Ii'

clJV "k.~ ,~ r1i

-,-- + -'V iYi; g $Oa'~!i:Si po_,.~r:!!t t: - -'-

dr' fl.! - '~ii::li't'

-+ -+ ~,

ev _ V V:~

=+l~;::;; __

.d t, 't " 'r

:FterolVii):HS req,lI;Ila:tio:~, dliiBJ\ff:ljl~fille Vie d\i'Ji!rie-illL~ :::

'7' , , :7 '7 =,! V (t.) :~ V, -t, A.I~' 'I!:",

,~ -+ '9' -+ ~ ~

~'~t:eilu; A es! ,defina, par ~"8 OOr:td~itfu~ :il1litiite 'Y' ~ Vo ;0 ;,' ~ 10: ,A, ,~, V (} - V f

-t. --ij; ,-+ -[1;, '~ !:

v, .(. ~,'!j - v" ob lV" ' '\,") - '[

·'~'i - '-l"'"\"c-' v~,e

:En :ht1.3]]t une DomreJite: :ro.is, p!lt iu~,pon: ~ f; GO! !l:d)ti.aitt :

~ ~,~~, -.! ~

OM('t) ~ V~ t,+, (V:j) -,v:~ )(='t)e '! ,'t, I.

~ ~ ,~

J est ~,t.fD!ni, par ~ ODl:IldJi;~lu~ :iflJitia[e OM ;;;: 01 iiJ l' ;:;; Q:

:~ .,~,:~

.B = 1i(V(j,- Vd

=='; ~ =t =if (' _!) r.

, O,M{.f'~1 ;;; V:r l,-t t(V(]I- Vi )I~l -'e' ~ .'

- c·

(1)



..... 1 C!l

... J

On Ireloo'l1ve Weill lSil!lr (lUi: [p@t!!f ,~"",+, '00 4' .~

V~'VJ'

z;-

Wf$~,[lJie' t~, ;:;a,~ X 4' X 1;[[,:::; ~V,!)iCos[0[ tt qU] OOH'tesp0Dd 'hiel'li ~. wne ,~,y,mpt(~,e ver:1tucaI e'.

:2" :L~' !ii;1lmJI:liI,e~:S de Ia t[Olll:ect(liim'~ est clete:l!'rn~:ne :Plli~' V~ ... [O~ iCe q,l!;!i.i, C(u~Dd:9, iJ!i~' 'Ii

da~~l r~ t~U£ qU(l!: {~ :~ '= V,r'"'"' ('l;(!l s in 9 ..:I- Vi }lel 'Ii:

soil:

Copy rig hted m ateri al

'" i!1i :i!t: 't ~ + v' =1 ,,=, , l .

,:i~ [Iii ~! '= ,~~", ,~, ',. I '~'I"'ijIo',

Z Iii' . ,,' II' .. , '.' ,h,~~' ,'"

X,; ~ «~

[~'~, :I!!, 'tV,~'~ ~V ~ ]n,:2 ;;;;; lV'j' ~ ] - :11'11 2)

:Btl :~';!;d;:~:ef'L'1Je de l'om :frotllrunoe-n,t: ~ F'ai:rj, le' ,liIJio;uvetit~J1Jt: ,5iiJr. l~'~ O~ dt'\';~.~!: i

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,~ :::i --;,8'

,Z"j: -< ::l ::: :k:' f~5tdtat t.n Me-it OQhe~nt :~ eM! pl'leS'f'~(:e de :(rotre-lJ'Le:nrt l~ point matii~i(l\] ,moni-e' :mo.Jins ~a1iit

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n,' ", . _ ~ ,','",,',~ ments S' "ur' [I'S 'm' 'e""m' a tr'!3il'·'a ....... ',n'ili·a IIlaUX ImIIOUVell. mt :' .. 1 ,I,rQ [I ,~i ~ :_'[U' ""''';';L~llr~'

,A., Un 'r:I"IolhUe M dec:rit une hBice c:::iiJ()u~,~i(e d·~x:e Ol .. ${l:0 m@U~'jliient i~lnt. d:eli1;n~' [en cc!Cud:o:rm6es, c"yIli1nltriiql!l!;"s, (r, 9; :z) par~ les €Quatli'o:f\s, ~:

on] ';;['1.';1" lltl ~ ~~;



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'~o., &~m'rnelr ~ vile~e V d,tJJ mo.bi~.e; d~~, laJ ~'as:e li~~ >iUX alGrdo:!f!H&s qtindriq~.

Prt'eei~i!!!J' ~@:f!l 1I1I'I~~hd,e' ~t S(:l:ril o:~'t~,tiOf;!l,

ii'"~~,_ I [I~ I] ~ r., • tu ~ I.·I,~

'~""!aef' ta '~DiTH~iU:el!!'~ ui! WI! m~~1ire' paur !ali! W:U~~ UU !11:(h:iIRi'.

iii, 'rA ";n.kfi II, '~t-r- ,- '''''1 -, -d I, 'n ,,,,,,II n ' n ' ,- 'rt' : _'t [DO, l [' l~,'" " Il.~_., ,-,.... 'II et' ,,' :" r' ~,ep_,t;'se, __ liOle,r ~I!IJ ,_ !3iJel!:'IN J'e I .iI!J11S, [IJ.L i!"~a]__. !__ pet ,I!n , 1i!;!!J' ,5iI!l~ "axe ,11~nz:ctlll"i!I,~, ,,' ,z :sa.t

ra):::e 'vert)lc:at

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:2:" r:x,rnirn.er ~~, mi;me [l;:~~~ellirat1Dn ,1\ d~ m~bne"

-+ -+

Qute pBti!t:~!l:m d~re' du, pmdu,lit. s¢,jalaJl;pe /ii, - V '~ aJ[l~[re{$) Q):fd~f(l:n(s) 'peuit:'"Qn eml tif,e~ !

B., le imlfiUiiiern:einlt. de M est m!liliittefll(jjillt ,de(llirl.i par le!ii liquatlc:n~ ::

~ ;ij,talnt: I~nl; C)ij;~~talrrrte [pos.i~ive,

l., IQurJ" ar~t:~n drin!l:hangA ,ef; 'quy a~'t;,,'n, die ,c:lnang~ pin l~ppo.rt, au, mn~rrn;mt p~t, l' 2~ [E>:~?~m:er' le ved.e:Ulr '~ite~'Se drans I.ai base' des '~.Qo!idQfiI:nh1, qlUndriques ~ ,en dldu,iire' ~Orrl, module.

,_,

l. 1,. [I i\-;i,Sit d~ m~~t~ I~ 'v,il'C~ ,50''''$ 'I~ &u,~~, V ~ V . ~ (~ Uin1tif~rt)! 'tt) pf:ld~ 5ar:li~: ~ha(lLlnl des di;1u:-:; ~:er.nlii]:i,

],¢ syMtme & loooro(!lnrntG cluiilsi &CiUt(m :W~;nt~rpfttat.iofi ig6J:mel~i'"H'! b i~'ilod.wf: V ~$~i!1i~t ((l'~t~t~jll~"

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:2., ["aoID~Ie:rJ:~'i;01:I! A se d!8cha;J~;iI, des ~RssJjdru::, cl!a$8i.~l11~ .cite' Sie$i 1~~~nleS, ~J]! I~OOr-

d,QI'IIAUS qriti.ndmiqjl!les"

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t_, 'i", 1.3, vit~, V 3 ,()QUit" ,!Sx,pt~.s5km ,g~liIt:r~[te; d:im;, 13! ~a~' d~, ,ooo;~Q;n,nk-,5,

c:yIimdJri;q~,es, :

et: :;: et ~ elial'!1l Q~b@GOn!li!lx ~ V ~ ~V'!I ~ J(RJm};2,. ,[ h'm)f~

~ V' = Iff'JJ:R~ f hlll (V ~ IGOn~t3jnM}"

,r

, f'OINT ,C:C'U&S,

unnposiij'oOlID des m;(n,iI.iVRi'i;.jUiJ1'5,::

,Le m~g,v~mmt, ~t !Se' d6~D',mJ'p~' ~n, u:n, .m@u~mc:mrt d~'

tr;ln.~m~ sdon; O';'lde'vj~c~ V:' ill: :Z ~ ~: e'WI mQ'!iIve· :rnent d.e liotat.ie:Jil ~iUQ'Ui" ,de O,i a Ja viJit-t~ :a!p~lait~, 'I)

,~

l 'n-,~"'::'*\

i' ~'v'~ri'Q1r !r,o~aile:n. ,~i:; .. ; 1]1 u:~ J.,

i

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ot ~,:E

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DUIlt5 1:<:' ,..Jan l,~ ~', If'll" 1a, dir«ti(Jtii de: Y ;¢~t ,dotl!ii1~ 'n~l~' '~aDl;j[!( iWi = ~ - =,..;.,

, " " J?1-- ; '- ,,1;1' ~ ;~ ... ,-,--~ ~,- ~,~ L" - ,r--- ~- -- RIO) :It

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[;::~th~!l~ ,it.u!!4!i~IJ~Silte. ~iJif; la t~_JGa.()~~~' it'S I: ,~~:erfiijR~ pat ~: :!!!!, 'V" $Oil', pu~;sqiJi~ :1\3, Y,ul~ss;e; "iI ,es~: Gar:l.s~:a5]~:e :

$ ::= V· t :::: ~~~'JR 2' +, h2; (a,vee ;5:( ~H '.: Ol},

[~Uil:" 'IJ.In tou'r' cdjlJ.l liIiIob:lh~i', lei :;;: iilOt :;;: :2.11:,. ,!ll(;' [q,wi ,dnlilll1i.e p0ur ,f, :::

'~'("11i ~,~U!;~ ] ... ' J ~ 2,:jl,JR:z + h1",

O!'Ii :~I(!;IlI: ,r~lu~:fien:~:eilt :~iJ, trajetltt'(liif.e' dans un pThll'!i~ e-'-" po.~t.x, :;;;;;' REI,.

..... ~ ~_, '1'11," l:1:.;EJ; _~ ~". i'.. :x:

uD iii ,iliDrS ;g;..; n '= .2.n:, ,. Q ~ n. =.rJ! • It"

Y t~~~ee~Q~re e~t: :~efu'~~n~h. par l~ne droite' de ~ ,.'

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Oil! 'il:~filSfd~[;e le c:~ ~t i'EiP<jf~$e~t~ ci-de$S'O!lIs. lOr- 'prerridfaJ ~; IR I!:! 5 nt IE] ~ :2: 'JI et E',2 ~: 8 V., ~., [fle1ev.lMllfi1e, I.e :g~(f1;mt.e!!lr de iI1he~-, filin ~quiivl~.ent ellltfl"e Les bIOmes ,f>, ,et B.

2., a, Cii! d:~duhe ~.a! 'V,aILea!ll~ de E p~iUfF laJqnl~~I~ t~ ciifiCuirt e'll!t ~qu,ivalent (,einmr-e, Ii; et: B)! ~I !lI1li!!!! ftfE":!.h Illoe pUI\:9! R'~ dent (lIn ~~ciS'e'jfaJ la, vaLeur ..

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b. Re1rotirvet tC~ r~~ulait en falsant, IWlliIe' EiJilltityse !iI~:~e de La oon:Gliti!lJn (V.i~' VelJ"~ ;;; ® ': (w !p(lj1urr Idrli.':u:Hi ~~ve;~iIJ:) ,: C(l,nxli~itiOIii ~~£aire' IllI'G'lillli II1Il1E i.e d~plIil~' :s.o~t.l1idm:t1lbJl: :. ilXlile' ~si~t:ajloe' (~fiI ,aGJneitbraJ ,q~e oe:tte Icoiiidimlf1l i!s!t SUrffifr5~U.fte,).

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,~~aS$lJ!d,<U:~Of.ii1 ,cl:.e re~i$ti!l!fi!,ce~,,~t de £.~';mI:Ji. e~ ¢~ ~;~t p,!I~fit d.e.s, ImOO~.s,,~Je Thave..n~, e~ ,die No.r1t'CUl ,a;Pp'~~q,lIJie5i ru des. 5'OU~"8yst!mefl; r:~lII8 ;silll1~Ie:s.

:2~ Le clJi~]e' A~ e:~H.:mi~: l~mplld :pwr 80m g,e[l;~raoolll],' die' Thn:e[l[im e"Ull,1\1le;n~: (Eq" ~) ~1ei:e[1mii,rae I~r-&ed~mmelllt, ~ 81111rirn, d~'al1l(rnJt:iler :~ (~ ;s,~up',jJim£m :ra~sairem~rnit 5'!JlIIiS UJJIUl' forme' :Iillllmure dl~' ,E.,. iE'j!" IIli: d ipllliJ!.S pfim~me\lilt' ,de E et' ~l _, :E.).

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C'omment ollrte!iIk _, 1~l!Jr ,D. - I.e m~r:rne r,e$uitait iiYe~ [jJ[n [riQrtilm:!' flin~i Hi de alliulet; Ita dErrd'~re' [oeW~UI~e ,eulirt: lb:r~ncM!! ~U!~ U~@ [ri~i~~Joc-@' Ri' ~ diterminer ~'

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,s~metlrid (~j(I allilisyme-tr:liis) cam:JCltetls:.aflll: ,Mfi1imelb:i1Kn.~: l,e ,~ysttme t(,eas, filii) ,ain de SiJI'hsl:ul;ue;r- a tt &r,nii~r U'D, ,~ltst,inu: p:llu$ i5lmpJte. le ,Gt~u!~ ,d\c:;,~, :r:a.iM:a:nu ,dqui~¥i~:eilt'C ~'e;rfOClil~ rul~U;ri~:t pru' a~lication dB :rqlH (l':US(iiCiuJtinlll &s f~~l\an~~,

]1 ,c$-t ~fd~~-~'u: :po~ble de $u.,~,i~r' j!Ml~~nt mt-atn~ ,~n,t~~, ~~~ ~: [~ iP~Iil,li,ref~ ~llr :Ie ~S'f,s.ten,"Le U~~s.1, '00te~~, q,lIe I~ pot~nt~, de' ~~1!L'e ~~ de' :~!:$ ~:

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~~f d~' '~~' !sr~.~me .wn, ~y~t~m(: l5~mi~i!liif¢ ~i$ iI.!'Q:m~~tUlt rllln~' :m~ d~ V]Ui!i 1',$ii)_lt :R,MI;j.. j ~ r~,si~t'an:~~do O~ ,(;~_r,~~ ,~~.(i!r'$ a &~bli*, y~e !r;el~ti{k!'::l] de ~le~~rtr~~ li~nt: :RiI!"~ ~ [~t' R."" la, rt.sl~~nriilt"e (ber.(ihu!~' ,lIpparwit OO~lil'U~' la U~rte dc:' R-,IJ q,ua~, ,fI' '~nil. ~rs, l':inifun~, MlMli ~~ !R~ ,t, [i , ... fl~ RI!l}~ It e~t: !W:~ult~Qnl de' ft, ,;;;;; f(R)I;

- soit ;gn, ajOil!lt~Jli1t UI1I] I1Ilaijl]Uon ;au iSfsteme :il1l!filni, ooMid.~(e ::: ani ,oot~llit 'U~l $,ysrem~' iUIl'fi.ni, d4l: ,~me: i!'!i~~ii,:!!~'."

~, ,J!,., 'p:-l',e(po.s, de la g:ym~ri\e' et d,e 1,~anrHS}',mikr,ie :;

I =' U~ ,:;i)l.le' A ,s;er:.a ,djt aX'e de sy,i'Mtde sI, I~ lD.poJDJI~li' du rsry,5t.!.rnt: ,t$t. iq,j~'I"rW!M_n~ pilE' ~ :: ~l'm~'il¢ ~I~~,~ ~t ~d ~U~'~""Wi1-6tf:l~ R~ lInodiilie pa$ L~'d--pe d~ OOQr-4n~ d,I[~U'c& [Cit de: sorU~.

~, [~o,1lIr.a~t:s: sont wors, ii, R,partiJ1i~1lIi s:ym.61riq,~' :par ir,~pport. a, A.,

p,-, ,---> iIo~'- -_ -,- ,rt ,-,--_, .,:11-1-,",';:-;-,-,- _.j;t~> '~ ~l, 'iI<,-,'I-. ~'~~-.d, '" I '~m~ [ ..... ' iinvilrl\arr~-e' ,"' .. lvilll ,EI~C: u 511::(,;1 wI, LJ«:: Y, anJ~[i~fm,",,~~t. &Ii ~g. !iQ,poj~'llt. ,Ji.l, :sy~w __ ' I!;,!!I' ~~_,_ ~_~, _' ,pa~

:I~ ST~~~t¢' d"'~ 6 ~: $1, ~~Jt~ s,ym.~ ~hange h' :s!.i,cne des '~Qi1,f.Ir,~ls d~len~ et de

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Pour 'I~, potmd~l~ '(it1il PC:Uit :~Nl,~r' qUie ,Ies, :pot~mtielll$ alB !n.C!eudsi sy,m~ir.i'q,~s :"- -j~',- --co: -"',,;_"'. ~-,-,'(" -!ll"~- -c;'''''~--'t.dtl-:,~-,- Ai. .~," Uii~i 1'cl!!-:E-ilIh!:n.' .... 1m CD ,d:~".'lrt:'IK @'f!11, OP'po~ ~PO~f !,iI,'t.'S po,.,~.~~ l!i:.~ ee- 4i!,.,. = q~~ ~. K~.~ .. J"';I'. ~~~~.' ,~:~.~ >q,iIK ~.~

:~!.'enl!'id~, d~ rn,~ds, ~.ppan'C~l'lt,~, ,~j ~njt pub d de lavon !pillS p6nde ,Cp:ux.

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.' 0 III a, I!.':e;tt~ fuls-di un motif tilttHiVqI!.i~elillml :irulinL [e '1P'~l1IS £illl1:l))le OO,I!1S~5'1Tel ,~, oom~lI!i· ,tgUC[ ql!iif.l! r(l!1lI Jil~ ,Ji1ilil1lg~' pm5: :~iJ ..... ,ril\':u ~Ii.i b :iis_i$~';1llilu '~!{lJiwdeJ'lt'!;1' en r.1I~cri'IJIl:.:mil ~ eft ,itmolilt ._ IUIiI, rnl/liilloril, S:tJiPpl~~li:hJi~.

• C,n ,pOl/.ln;lil ~-"Ltem~r. ~t~blii' uf!:~~I~~"I;]~ ~~'RCiJr~nC~ t~l'~ ~lii~lt '~ des, Mi~l.:.nL"es. eqlll ~M'ili~enJ~'('s ~sdci~e'.s a d~f! 1~lwh'li~J' d~ '" M.aJilto.~ji. ,L~, r6s_tl;tllnce ~herd\.ee R: ,e~, 1m, HW'iiil\e de R I'li ~1!l!1~d ~~ .., +0Gi.

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:2' .. D~' I~, mi\imI.~ miillUim qu.c pour la pr:tmi~tt 'illJjiJles~atU1iJ. tOOmi'~,o:ns ~~ oIf:Cii!Itt; ~~ile.-atl~~U~ : ~Il :fem~~ilI~ 'q;1K' l~, (-iis"'sl'alKt p:D GSf alo:rs ~n. ,sdrie :a¥tC p,~ U = ,:!()~ ~t ,ql~i, dQn]]l~ lidlil.¢ :~istaf:ia: tet-ale .I:e ,3. p(:2:D"~ ,x~'.

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CetJte [~.sisllmc~ IP(2 [[) - ,~.) e-s~ e'Jl~·m.effi'f' en :~:mi~;ilmL~lfl' ,iI,~ ThI. resis.tnni:e l~x,~ d'"Qu, lei ::

R . _ [p;~~x(1 D = ~)

, ".~ '= px: +, pf2:]) ~ ,x)[

'R ,_ p:x[ 2D ~ x)

"\E~ ~ 2:D

CommcP1mire

~ Q,n pn..iI: iiljj~1 :~miliii['qi!llN~ ~.iil, '!I: d.ii!!plmt :II' C~]'S ~9, 1iIJn;il«' lte iii K:B~ (!l ,;f)!n :ajj~Y~!!i!,t ~ :~!'(~ ilk, ,tm5iilJ~ ,E,~ A~ (po'ur' ,m!!!inlCnir :~JlI! :pgt~,mt~~ ~ E], que' I'Q;!1, iretrou~ ~.e.' montJ:~ de: ~.~

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" ~"I' ,Co ~(:2.n - ,x) A,u:;;;; 1'1'1;,1,. '-D -,

If' 21

C'ap~ioo, tro-1II~ i:ct est ,~ flile~' [ifia;~lil.li;e '~i/.Ie Dine ~t,abli~' au L.; [) '''l et"3iJllt: mn1[pJiiic;h' ,par :~:D" A-i~i,-, ~tl~' Ij~e de.l@:mG~e!llr D' ~O'~r Ie [det.ll(it_me Sif;~b~~ ,~: [~1I.I1,V,aI_j,':'.~.t~' a ijjJ~' ,; cl!¢mi,-,]isne ;It de Io:~g!)!:¢l!!\r' 2:'D"

E'i'a, e:rf.c;f.; ,oti ;3, :

I1l'[~~Ultt~, de ;Q~U¢ ~m~nJll¢ 'q;Ule :~'[on pCliU!~: re,pft'Jailre l'ilp,pHcatio:i'a, l1IiJ.mg~:qIii_t ,de I~ pre.,

''I''''i~ jJj.~;,;pti"""", seus 'I,., fY-i":I;'l'fi"'; :': ~~~~~!I!; '!I;I~·~Vt~!!! ~~ lLlil! =V.~l~!!!~ I

(;1iI;i;uiijll~J~;rre5C:Il1Jte cif~ltill}Dttt." TfunSCIQfm'OfJI!S< {e ~~iroU!i~ :;:

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,uii'S, 1:~~fe5, ~ ;ym~t(t !I:'CP!,~~I~,a!~tith nne Qptn:msatlCtn uu ,~.otl1: ". 'I:i~~J:~meril;t; ~ ,Ii ,i8J!1.t

i(mmiitti~tic~ '@Ji;I ~pml'j.re de ,staoons)" M~s4" lei ,systUn~ CD et ® !5Ont $¢rtib'IQ'bJ¢:$

nlar.s,. Q~) :~I~ d~ fo,~ p~;Y$ de e.u~vr:e (U~~ :d.Ql~"bb~'). Le ~s,~tm.:e 1~'.,Se[I1~:~ .~]~5 avmt~ od~n5 ,I~' :is.n.s ,ot! ~ ,e:>r__l,gl: ,~@In,s, de' :smnm1S pour une :m-e.Jl1l.e IO~~IJr &; 1.lgn.e.

:B. Reg'ime transitoire

1m;

1 .. lliI'@'termriner' e:~~WttD~n ~IJ ~yS"t:em~~ @'I: pi'!~$~r l·et.a~ d.;;e~,UffiU~'iI! final

2 .. r,a.iire, IU Iil lbn1laJn ~nErl9letiqllle ; O!n ~fI'1il1iler:a, ~e~ MSIlILttaiT$ en NiActiorll de C e~: C~' e~ de~ ~ii!;fIlsi~n~ l!Ie (h~r9.e ililitl~le lUi) 'e;l, l!Jo de~ eQlI1dell1Sa~u~.

'. 'f,enjS!QJ~1 ~W;:. 'b~n~ d"il)u'!I (;Illl!ndeli1~le!J):~'.

il :fuJe~e e.mrnlll:1gc:l!lo:UI1l~e dans IIJ[JJ OOndOfl3leulf.

Vet!lt dtf, 'il'lb ' 'fil ~" f.', "'dJ ~ Illi' IlliUl ,~ , ~ hlJ'tJ ' i,' ra '~"~ d 'cl'I, ' ,

',.~_ I, q,IUL ~re _ Jl .. lo~~mp!OOl __ ~~,OO_~!'1S1n ,~_t!! ie, ._:enSJ)'~~UOC@l',n,e.s __ e ',', JI~l~

«m,d~t'Il5~t~r Ir~S'Ulhe(a, ,de ll,o®~'SlervatiOjl, de' Ia ~~ ~triq,l1e 'QlI~mpm@mli,~~' '~, ~U~' iLIe!.cS: ,~lrrm~!I:tIil'l!fi d\e$ eu\ndli1jnl!IilJ)elJJ~"

,~{I~lU'll' 1[1!11l, iDi~:.'Iiril, elilg~thl,lIl's' ro:rilsWitl' ~ ,1m]ilJ(nim:!" dJiillili: [!a penE d':9i!tlt:gi\e ,emma;g85mee d:runtS [I,ts OOifidlEi!i~~~~tilf:S ~11i~:F!~ :Ie' dJ~hi..1tei: la ifin ~'s.t e-ga~.e (9, 'v,::door a'bsribie) a r!eICerg[e eleit~ ~lriqrillilt ~thsmW~' :pwr hi, ~l$C;g~ c~: dli~ipG~' ,~y~ fo\im~' l.hermiq,u¢ I(,~ffet: D'~itlJ~}.

I.' ' .. '

lip c"l .tli~ ~ I

C~S rel;rul:i!ll!(ns; ~!ll!;nCNiI:'Il!!Hl1it les OOHiII~D~Jllfltllrs, ;e:n, .oo~daH, reoe,ph1:Ulr~; en. :nutilD't ~ Ia ' eha r:g:e ~e' r HI r.n;'Il:litJl.lll re WJjJllr :~ a"l we:1I.e e:rlJln:1 e e:OIUf;iJJIIl~: i.

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Saul J l~ colJ!Fimi d'8ru5, la :r:h:~stmi;):e' I .. i\y,eG les Q'~n;i'al~\ons fre.ci.s >Sl!lJr' le Sidhema, il 'vi~t:;

i

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[)"a.p:rb [ia :101 d!e~ mailles :::

.= u . .., Rr~ ,l' I:;;: (I'.

On d~.ri.ve ce:mite equatt.Qn, m: 'O'Jl ,eiimine :~es: tel nslens .;

dl,~ ~ 9, diJ . d U'~' .. '.

-- +.Et- +.~ .. : (}

d t· .. ,d.~' d.~. ~

- .-

:~~~I'" :':.'+ i: ;;: ()

~"1' 1I'1U!!ii<-"'""'I~' = . RCC;'

"",,,I :._""'u~. 'it - C" C· .• ·· ' •. '+' :.'~"

Ull va1~u'r dt':,A, ~M: ,ditlln:ninte pal" b. ,oomdlitio.Fi5 hil~ti\ales ::; " "."-" ,l. if ' . .A. I;::; ~(Olt-) :;::;: R. (iIlI'\j) '= 'Wi) )1

~d' ·':';'fi..-.L, 'I.;, ~Ini ,A_, m"'~ ,;:~i~I,;c, };, '~I'"." "'~.·';'iiir":· '."i'i""."r":"." "';~I ~k~, i-,ii, .... ,;' ..... "1''''. :"II"~"": ~~~ .. :,."i' ... ~, ,.,fil_~. ,"""--'If".,fiL"':"1'..,,,iiY"!"'I_ ~ tIIt'"\[~ [ ."1, V.II U.III;_..:1 0 ... ~ !Li'1Ji! !II l.oloiJlllllll.1il • .~1 •. _ . cUi. !II lL-1.;~ !l-'-,_I,L".l ,u.~,h,l Ui~ lltU ...... ~_..::I ~~ !i;'_U"-JJ.ll~.~~ ... !L;.II.;.;I!

senr d.e:s, :ro:nmLu.ns, 'QontiI1l!Uil'S dUi ~:em(p:5: ••• ~"

fin*m~n!I: ~:

,II. i!- QI~ IQ~

OO!Ji~ :U := ~" = ,!-i! - .o,ti! enoor.e = :1:: ,- i3i ~t..

~ ~ ~"-- " "" i!i!' -~" ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ - -c c' ~~ ~~,

[0 ... et 'Q'~, IdtsiGfJia~l: lt$.,~b:!l!rg,¢!$ tl~l~ des dw:( OOi!ld~ti5,'M't.iliH.

I



:PO] NT' GOun'S,

:La OO~J\''atign, d~ Wit ~~rgc: C'm;pl',i$u~un;k: e._"lt~ ~ i!n',r~'u .. itJurcfl des, ,oon~~CUI,'S d~ul~' d~ l:a d6fini,ti.:U~ d~ j';:

• diD d,~' d '-i-li, -, .. ~'. ,d,a' d," 0"

I' =. ..:::.::J,.=' ", llIi ~~, ": -. [ I

, =. ~ dJ.r:·_ d.t 'd~"- d~" = ..

S0:Ul en. i'nli~ralU: Ii'j\(i)·+ e.t{r) ;~ ("ijJ:e ..

,c. . OM Q!.,

--'11''''''",'1 "'.. _', _

t~ ~,"W 'I' 'lill~ ~ r .. ".: ,~ ~ -

'Li eO"

Qo'~'Q~ - C +'c.l

]l '~5it ~UOI[,5, :fadl~' d~·OO~\t_"i;[' ['~e~mS-iQnl ,de ~(~), ~~~mt d~' ~, f~rme J~I( ;), ~l (l -t' ~,¢_tJ'I:} {p-u~~u~' ~,u ~l ~'C! 'OI"} et ~;~·dfiaflit il'~IO'+') ~~ i!.I~1 ~I;

. ,,' ur'"

,UI't.' =*, .;:;.;:;) ::;:;' ir'lJ.."",

so lit

-- i1l"I' ~Il""irih""'" ~~ '!.;J~-lll l_l!lllI!F~rr. I'l

tlm ~,"ex[ncSiSioJ~, an.~Qc'u~ iP0U:f ,rl(~')'01 All!~jf:C d~!5i O)'uit"bes .::

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I

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attllo.e du ~n:'i;e 'p'e~iilIilJieJ!l.'r:

:En rigiLmc ,p(l'lfmaJi1iE'.E1t OOIl1~tril:U. "!lIn oondeo.li153iI)l]UIU ~ ~illfII.:P'![!di3' 'i:ii1!i~]l1hTile IIJIDI inte,rirlJlP~ teu r c!'liI1I{Cl ~t.

OJl'i ob~ i,c:nt ~'It.i~l;C 'po>U[ ~'9' 00 Ie !5C'Jl1m:a, !5'!iJi.v[:lII]~~,

Otll doi.: d@Lr:JC a,YQit i". ~ 0 (d~I!i~~ ~!II~t)

_ 1 e:t ~~~ :;;::; ll~.

U G.st 'tQlJJ!j{u.u·s 'bQIiIct cl!!ii vtlrifier 'qllJ:El ills, OOrnipol:it:eL1:IJC!llIl ,;)tl~llLdllJl mD'llle.!l~nd bien ,il, 1~~tM!i:' ill:jl;lll~m~Ii'qw; ra:~l:¢ ,p.~~d~~Q1!]t.

'r- lC~ ~.~ - lC~"~_"~

I~I i!:l: - _. ; •• ~ + '-. '_. :rI,-

= :~ .... ,1lI -:~ --.!]I

E ll"" __ 2 oj;. [r' - .. ~ ,~ !,('C. +, C' "~ifJ!~'

,__-: ~ 91 :!' .... ,u... 'i''''' ;~... 2. ' . ~ .. \ ...

O~. 'i::ln d~twut ~ '\f~riiluiO:I!l, ,d?'~ner,siit du, '~1~t&-m.e ~:

AiE ;;;;; Er - lEi ... ~ (C '+ C~] it!, = iC~~~ ~ :icr ~~2

- ] [(COMo + Ci'~~ )l_ II _, '~J-I

AlE ;;;;; - . - ~ C:~'l- .= C~IU!'

-- 2: C 4- C" ._-!(]I --II)

- ] f' - i'" (("oj .. r-if""' ~ r~' ")]

.alE ii:l 2(;C,+ C~') • ~,2'~11J,.; ~D~\~ - ~ ~o'- '!.,., ..... il~,~ ~

'Iocr

,6,~ ~ -~," .'- ' (':u -~' )r~

. 2, C+,Cj,-iD '€I' •

D~,a'liltr,e parl~ 1,!'~iiil~lIg~~' :~!ilt. par ItaJ :i'6iMa...ifi~ al pe;jjjr exp~io:n, :

\tV')1 ~ r; RJld,~

W', == nffi-I''''' l~(®r-& 'I;,e,.:2:~l~:d,'

--l ,. ,.. ". . ,

. 'ill

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c • ,ji-' . c'~ ,,-1' " , . c .' "I' u

,so,h,. &'IiI OOIiTil;P~l~n, ~ ,

'~W' 1. CiC'1 'I~"i""i;]'l : I ,.. ::"'" + ',~t.i, ~:ii.}J'~'~, '

2, C;,+C

d ~!,(iii [des, [in.amUI~$ ~ FU(O'!'~[ iIIl Ji(O'>t,} ,=, i,f"'(O"+) !IIi jJ~, =, ~~ ) :~

] eC'1

WI , .. 2: + 'G,~cj.,~fj~- ;M~ ):1",

.o!L IE' _"- '~W''':C Il1I ,hI;~, '''!'' ',' I l~ '1(1'

0'111, [elX~rt,. a~ :Ue' :~~n,ca,~ de' I~ th;e~y,namifijl(u~' ,et, >co r101an,1: U r[~m~~ :ill:l:e~ne' d1/.l, s,y;steJin.e ~:@;ln'~ ~,I,~'e!ilS'eni~le ~ u ,~ij'~~uil) ~'h:cr,most:a~~ ~

AU ;;; WifJ.'i; *' Q'thl

id

;Ii;'U~" - [Q~' ..

~"" - '~~I_I]~'

Oir AU ;::;; A,E que :~',an vieut ,de cC1;I!,eule'I" (pllS"d,'e m~ifi~atio:nJ de ~\~lUt t~~~iqu.e [djl!l, s:y,s.t~liliI.e }

Ia lllill:nperU'l:IlIJre [d,'1LI :if$t~m,e '~tamt iml~., Wf.dfet: JO'I!II~ QJfjrt$;p!a'lld: ~, I),IfJI 'lr:a;n$J~rt: df'enereie ~hei!Jl~:hlUe;Q~ ~~er,~'Os;~l!it: (Q.~I -c 0),

Orr! dOl!line., Ie dllCld't. [c:i'"'ic,ol!lt~e.

11'i ..... r' " -"",,;i!;, l'l'li!' "''''''rJUtl''''J:I'I'''' it .. st ..... i,."'" II,., [M""

frilJl~ ~,~'~ ~ -e 1 ~1;'I;1 ~ br-~"r;~il; ~,!I;;~~, ~_~.ll~ ~ ~.~I"~I!·'

'ttjtl!tJ'i ;2:, et les dEUX ~e itdEiii satelln:s (dE' [ifil!m:€' I

capaii:!litl!\ C)- sent Gl!chalifges. £':

Ii [~ [datil!' t ~: 0., t::: ;b~~e~l~ [de! [ija p@:sn:tiQI!'11 2 ~

la~ ffl;;<;o~~~~i ... n '1',

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1 K

[DM.~iliilJii1le~ ~e~ v~l\ei!if:S. des OOi!iirarrlts :r, V eit ~~ .. ' ~\i\i1if f'!:gure) ~ lei Gatt t ;; s, t poslij,f e!: h'-e~, 'vms;~ln de ,Z.f,Ii'O",

Au [oout: d"u[n t1!'!iI1P~, l' :SJwiffis~m-IT1el11t 1,o:r191 [~~.e~ 'G:'Ol!I;~al11ts, [@;ua!lid: awrs, teus nuts,}., l~lli1ter·'

r· .~. '·1 m ~ ~" . le·;" 111, I NlII, [ .~ ["', ~' • ,~''': ,'!!Ii ,"', _ up.",'tl!!) I." u!3iKU .. , ,a, _[.(!iiUL ea:tll~ e'r.:., Ire:"i'!.!ln r,:" enl POS.lu!lt. _ ,~.,

!I)~'~tJmiirnetJ ~t~ valtl!lr:~ [c!ts, OOur,aJltt~ i~ ~7i' et j7N! ,;i:i,i'$'5,iit6;t [a,~~$ le, ~'j$~ldement de, [I(~ pu~i~ l.o:r:sque ~e reg~me :pe;rmarli\e:nt, est attehrt,.,

,w p~~jle 1 ,_ [Pll1:y,$i~,ye' MPSI

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,iI!!' l~' i" 1tI~~ i"J,Q ,U~lo,b,

POIN1i' COllIS

[.Qr~u!'QQ ba$(ut~, ~fIj :i~~r,rcu,~ur d.~.$ UIPI (il'(u:it, ~Ilt"'~ ~~liAld~~ dt la,d~lU'."~

AI_ - ,. - ..11=.1 'I -. 'b ..:I~ ..I.~. - ''1

'l1O'n!M'~un I~I~: 'g,vn.x ae ~~ ~mS:Ul'~ ;!l!UX _O'!'inn, ees W[!lj~n_sa1-eU.rc5j. •

. ' POINT ,O)VRS

,iSn. I:'~irne ,pef:,nn;!l~'u~mt, ronl~~~u~1 l~~ ,(:'@:,nd~""~l\¢U!f$ $~ loo~~wt~t Q)nwmc'~, ~",'I.'¢f:~' ' ,rur~eurs, "u!W~r.~l's, (i!nit~s'ile m'uUie')",

;i

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I

,et :p;J;i!.i:klue !IE, ';;;; :~,i ',. ~1l; +, .ll,~ II iu(T1 ... ,IE [Ii

Oil ibilSl:U~;1li ,:.:do:rs I,'llinlte'ul!lpt:el!lr diJmSi :Ia ~niom, ,2:.

[£ t5iiroult ,d'cvil~tIi~: :

l:j~'

c I fN'

Oilil ,iii, '~Qn;c;; pur oo:nlt~lli1wit.i'l,;ijUX boiJ~.e,s, des, OOn,d9sa~gUiii'.s, :. J ~~("[r -.Ii-~) ;:;: ,urI') ';:;: E 1 ,u~(1' 4-~) ~: ,~l en :~ {~ On ,lI i)o:r~jiti;\'n':s ::: tl.~ ~ iRli"; 1i1i'~ot:.5,

II

- ~ ~I(T +, f) ~~ =,__;, ~ "-c :8:,

[ .~~ - ~ ~ ~ I

i ~~--,tT +, E) :!!!!l ~n ,

I ,l'!;, I

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rO'- i!!!!: 'I =, ;~- ,_

!iI. l.!!II!.1l

Au MUll: dtuill 'I~JttiIJ~5 ~ulm~lmmC:[J!~: 1.<ltl1lJi" 'Uil11 Il;(ii~iii'!;·(;aii.!i r¥;rm; :pevm:IJ.B.mt c:st ,atl~t. ~ltor.s, ~if_ ';;' i! ;:~

diou 1:1;: ;;: eli

... r.I")~: I,I"\,:~_- ,~~I ",,~, ,.~ ~:A 'I'~, -'111~d'~""II'i;C"'I~"'ill~,'C""n~1F IA_.l,,"ij<af~c

~ II. H'..,_.. 'iii ,.,.11, ~~ 'VII .1.rI:.~~, lr _ "'II.'o._~IIN~_iII1~...n.!"i. ... ~"~~-I-ti-lIIil~f.-!I."!!I

On] rermi! 'r~:nt,ertJiUlpteUir ~ A ~riinS'tant f' -= O.

l,~ Om suppose dans c:e:Ue que-s,tion que I_e.s, .01 ii., b" ~ -~ .. ~ Iii -L Iii !IO!eWL~ ,!:.!iil meSo so rot: '1~"~~q!aeS, ~ 1;,'1 ~ _,~ :~ .!.

at "'~ ;;;;; r~ ;;!!i ,:). D~t@rm~ri!~1f ~~ ,~¢iU~Jn1iS1 :i'(O I l~H) ~,J~(th

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• ~,i'i,

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:3. 1~)ii1 :se. ·pLace d~sormil,tis daln~ le Icas g~fii6\Fa:l. et O{f'~ pOISe ;~

'f ,= ILl. '. '" =, l'.Z, T L!I. at']I' L2,

._ ~ ,_ _, '" l~,l. _' '''':"' ~ ~; '-IR' ~L z ~ -n.--_l,'"

- '!"'I, r;~ _ ~

i~ Donner' I.e ,$y$teme d,liff~ili'enljrel O'UI 'preml'er' ~rore· ~T'iifie par I.e ,,~~;~~e de· Yana~ltl$, [J'I,(th J~(tH, QIl"! ~~t'·~liil @n d~~ir@ suf I~~I fi~bl!J~ Cle~ :SO~i-!rtiOfl~, I~~ i-l,(t)~, ~:2,{t) '@t J(i~) l' On De dE~lopp~ra paiS- les tal.t~l!5 .

. _ .-c, .• , . - 1 _ ;~. " ., -,- f ... _. t u ..

b. IOn ,dOI1!I!'!!' 'i!:,,;·d!S~!O~5, leSi OO'!i.liJ,be'S, ~-:,' --+. iI'~Hl. . __ ,-t :p.:2:(t)r oet ' .... -+ ~(t:) pour

'l~ 'i[::ii ,. i

"1 ~: "'2;: ,;. :::::; ~, /-ii, ,;' ll, ;::; 50 IL2: e,t dffR!:,eli1te~ \i'lalleuJlfs, d~ ip.liJ'aiIitlE:b1i'e 1'1 ~: ,! :

- - 1'"1 - I'"~

o --- .. -:---:-, -:-._-

VI &, ... --i!--"""""- ...... !--~. t

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