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Acid Buffer cum dispersant for dyeing of polyester and its blends

Technical Literature

It is widely known that pH control is an easy operation to be carried out. However, it is the most
difficult feature in any industry. The control of pH in textile coloration processes is ensured by
three fundamentally different techniques:

- the maintenance of relatively high degree of acidity or alkalinity

- the control of pH within fairly narrow tolerances mainly in the neutral region
- the gradual shifting of the pH as a coloration process proceeds

The dyeing of polyester at temperatures in the region of 120-140°C in beam and package dyeing
machines has placed especially great demands on aspects of both initial dispersion quality and on
subsequent stability under adverse conditions. Disperse dyes are susceptible to reduction under
certain conditions. This instability to reduction is minimized by dyeing at the optimum pH, usually
4-5, in presence of air, and by keeping less dyeing time at high temperature.

For this reason, Acid buffer is required to maintain a constant pH of the dye bath in the weakly
acid region i.e. 4-5 with its buffering action and thus lead to perfectly reproducible dyeings even
when using pH sensitive dyes.

Matacid BD liquid is an acid buffer that not only maintains the pH 4-5 during polyester dyeing but
also promotes uniform and stable dispersion of relatively small particles in a given matrix.


• Maintains a constant pH during the dyeing process

• Replaces dispersant
++ ++ ++
• Has good sequestering action on heavy metals like Fe Cu Co
• Does not foam
• Is easy to handle in the liquid commercial form.
• Is phosphate free
• Is stable at high temperatures


Appearance Dark Brown liquid

Ionic nature Anionic

pH ca.3.0

Compatibility with
Anionics Good
Non-ionics Good

General stability at recommended concentrations to -

hard water Very Good
alkalis Good
electrolytes Good
high temperature Good


The additional usage of acid, acid salts or special dispersants is unnecessary. In contrast to
volatile acids, such as acetic acid, Matacid BD liquid does not escape from the dye liquor, when
dyeing in open bath.

Matacid BD liquid forms complexes with heavy metal ions and thus prevents change of shade e.g.
of copper sensitive dyes, but does not attack metal complex dyes.

Exhaust dyeing of polyester and its blends :

Set the dye-bath at 60°C with
1.0 - 1.5 % Matacid BD liquid (according to water condition)
0.5 - 2.0 % Matlevel LPF liquid (pH :4.5-5.5)
Treat the material for 5 - 10 minutes. Then add dyestuff dispersion, run for 5-10 minutes. Raise
the temperature to 130°C and carry out the dyeing at 130°C for 40-60 minutes.


Dyeing of polyester fabrics

0.5 - 1.0 g/l Matwet DFW liquid
0.5 - 1.5 g/l Matacid BD liquid
0.5 - 1.5 g/l Matlevel DLP liquid
0.2 - 0.5 g/l Matacid AS liquid (if required)
x% Megaperse Dyes
Treat at 130°C for 40-60 mins
Rinse thoroughly for 20 minutes.
Raise the temperature to 80°C
1.0 – 2.0 g/l Matwash RC liquid
1.0 – 2.0 g/l Caustic Soda
Treat for 10-15 mins.
Cold wash for 15-20 mins. Drain

Customers are strongly recommended to conduct the lab trials using the product and make their
own determination as to the suitability of usage and fitness of dosage of the product in their


Customers considering the use of this product must read the following instructions before using
the product :

Use PPE : Wear hand gloves, protective clothing, safety goggles, face mask.
IF SWALLOWED : Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
IF ON SKIN : Wash with plenty of soap and water.
IF INHALED : Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
IF IN EYES ; Flush eyes with plenty of water for atleast 15 minutes.
IF ON CLOTHING : Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before
removing clothes.
Store in a cool, dry & ventilated area away from the sources of heat or ignition.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local regulation.

For detail information on product safety, handling and storage guidelines, customers should
review the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

® Tradem ark registered by Matex Bangladesh Limited. The sign ® appear only at the first mention of the product.
The information and recommendations presented here were based on our general experience and correspond to the
state of our knowledge. They are intended to service as non-binding guidelines and must be adapted to the prevailing
conditions. We cannot accept liability for any injury, loss or damage resulting from reliance upon such information.


Head Office : Biman Bhaban, 5th floor, 100, Motijheel C/A, Tel : 880-2-9562383
Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh Fax : 880-2-9562387

Factory : East Chandora, Shafipur, Tel : 088-06822-51166

Kaliakoir, Gazipur, Bangladesh Mob : 01713-425868

e-mail : researchdevelopment@m atexbd.com


web : www.matexbd.com