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Maitreya Education
PHYSICS
MAGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT (LYQ-I)
XIIth
Maitreya Education ME
Numericals:
1. The radius of the first orbit of hydrogen atom is . The electron moves in an orbit with a
uniform speed of . What is the magnetic field produced at the centre of the
nucleus due to the motion of this electron? Use and electronic charge
[ISCE 98]

2. A straight wire, of length metre, is bent into a circular shape. If the wire were to carry a
current of 5 A, calculate the magnetic field, due to it, before bending, at a point distant 0.01
times the radius of the circle formed from it. Also calculate the magnetic field, at the centre of
the circular loop formed, for the same value of current. [CBSE OD 04C]

3. A 0.5 m long solenoid has 500 turns and has a flux density of at its centre. Find the
current in the solenoid. Given [ISCE 95]

4. A long straight wire AB carries a current of 4 A. A proton P travels at parallel to the


wire, 0.2 m from it and in a direction opposite to the current as shown in figure. Calculate the
force which the magnetic field of current exerts on the proton. Also specify the direction of the
force. [CBSE OD 02]

5. Copper has electrons per cubic metre. A copper wire of length 1 m and cross-
sectional area carrying a current and lying at right angle to a magnetic field of
strength experiences a force of N. Calculate the drift velocity of free
electrons in the wire. [CBSE SP 90]

6. An electron is moving at in a direction parallel to a current of 5 A, flowing through an


infinitely long straight wire, separated by a perpendicular distance of 10 cm in air. Calculate the
magnitude of the force experienced by the electron. [CBSE D 99]

7. An electron travels in a circular path of radius 20 cm in a magnetic field


(i) calculate the speed of the electron. (ii) What is the potential difference through which the
electron must be accelerated to acquire this speed? [CBSE D 92]
1

8. An electron after being accelerated through a potential difference of enters a uniform


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magnetic field of 0.04 T perpendicular to its direction if motion. Calculate the radius of

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curvature if its trajectory. [CBSE D 92]
8.433 mm
9. A monoenergetic electron beam of initial energy 18 keV moving horizontally is subjected to a
horizontal magnetic field of 0.4 G normal to its initial direction. Calculate the vertical deflection
of the beam over a distance of 30 cm. [CBSE Sample Paper 98]
4 mm
10. A rectangular loop of wire of size carries a steady
current of 2 A. A straight long wire carrying 5 A current is kept near
the loop as shown. If the loop and the wire are coplanar, find
(i) the torque acting on the loop, and
(ii) the magnitude and direction of the force on the loop due to the
current carrying wire.

[CBSE D 12]

11. To increase the current sensitivity of a involving coil galvanometer by 50%, its resistance is
increased so that the new resistance becomes twice its initial resistance. By what factor does its
voltage sensitivity change? [CBSE OD 01]
12. In a galvanometer there is a deflection of 10 divisions per mA. The internal resistance of the
galvanometer is . If a shunt of is connected to the galvanometer and there are 50
divisions in all, on the scale of galvanometer, what maximum current can this galvanometer
read? [CBSE D 01C]
125 mA

13. A voltmeter V of resistance 400 is used to


measure the potential difference across a
resistor in the circuit shown in figure.
(i) What will be the reading on the voltmeter?
(ii) Calculate the potential difference across
resistor before the voltmeter is connected.
[CBSE D 98]
24 V,

BANK OF BOARD QUESTIONS:


VSAQ:

1. State Biot-Savart’s law [CBSE OD 09]


2. Which physical quantity has the unit Is it a scalar or a vector quantity?
[CBSE D 04]
3. State the rule that is used to find the direction of magnetic field acting at a point near a current
carrying straight conductor. [CBSE 98]
4. Write an expression for the magnetic field produced by an infinitely along straight wire carrying
2

a current I, at a short distance from itself. [ISCE 98]


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5. Figure shows a circular loop carrying a current Show the direction of the
magnetic field with the help of lines of force.
[CBSE D 04]

6. How does a current carrying coil behave like bar magnet? [CBSE D 92C]
7. How will the magnetic field intensity at the centre of a circular coil carrying a current change, if
the current through the coil is doubled and the radius of the coil is halved? [CBSE OD 01]
4B
8. Consider the circuit shown in figure, where APB and AQB are
semicircles. What will be the magnetic field at the centre C of the
circular loop? [CBSE D 95]

9. A current is set up in a long copper pipe. Is there a magnetic field (i) inside (ii) outside the pipe?
[CBSE D 95C]
10. A solenoid coil of 300 turns/m is carrying a current of 5A. The length of the solenoid is 0.5 m
and has a radius of 1 cm. Find the magnitude of the magnetic field inside the solenoid.
[CBSE F 04]
11. Magnetic field lines can be entirely confined within the core of a toroid, but not within a straight
solenoid. Why? [CBSE OD 09]
12. Write the expression, in a vector form, for the magnetic Lorentz force ⃗ experienced by a charge
moving with velocity ⃗ in a magnetic field ⃗⃗. [CBSE D 14]
13. ⃗
The force experienced by a particle of charge moving with velocity ⃗ in magnetic field B is
given by ⃗ ( ⃗ ⃗⃗). Which pairs of vectors are always at right angles to each other?
[CBSE D 93 C]
14. In a chamber of uniform magnetic field ⃗⃗, an electron beam enters with velocity ⃗. Write the
expression for the force experienced by the electron. [CBSE D 93 C]
15. A particle of charge moves with a velocity at an angle to a magnetic field B. What is the
force experienced by the particle? [ISCE 93; CBSE F 91]
16. Two particles A and B of masses and have charges and respectively. Both these
particles moving with velocities and respectively in the same direction enter the same
magnetic field B acting normally to their direction of motion. If the two forces and acting
on them are in the ratio 1:2, find the ratio of their velocities. [CBSE D 11C]
1:1
17. What is the direction of the force acting on a charged particle moving with a velocity ⃗ in a
uniform magnetic field ⃗⃗? [CBSE D 08, 14]
18. What is the force on a charge moving along the direction of the magnetic field?
[CBSE D 94C]
19. State Fleming’s left hand rule [CBSE D 94C]
20. An electron beam is moving vertically downwards. If it passes through a magnetic field which is
directed from south to north in a horizontal plane, then in which direction the beam would be
deflected? [CBSE D 96C]
21. An electron is moving with a velocity along the axis of a long straight solenoid, carrying a
3

current What will be the force acting on the electron due to the magnetic field of the solenoid?
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22. Among alpha, beta and gamma radiations, which get deflected by the magnetic field?
[CBSE D 04]
23. A beam of -particles projected along – , experiences a force due to magnetic field along
the – . Hat is the direction of the magnetic field? [CBSE OD 10]

24. A beam of electrons projected along -axis, experiences a force due to a magnetic field along
the -axis. What is the direction of the magnetic field? [CBSE OD 10]

25. What will be the path of a charged particle moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field?
[CBSE D 93]
26. What will be the path of a charged particle moving in a uniform magnetic field at any arbitrary
angle? [CBSE F 93]
27. An electron and a proton, moving parallel to each other in the same direction with equal
momenta, enter into a uniform magnetic field which is at right angles to their velocities. Trace
their trajectories in the magnetic field. [CBSE D 05]
28. An electron moving with a velocity of enters a uniform magnetic field of 1 T, along a
direction parallel to the field. What would be its trajectory in this field? [CBSE Sample paper 98]
29. An electron does not suffer any deflection while passing through a region of uniform magnetic
field. What is the direction of the magnetic field? [CBSE OD 09]
30. Under what condition is the force acting on a charge (or an electron) moving through a uniform
magnetic field maximum? [CBSE OD 05]
31. Under what condition is the force acting on a charge moving through a uniform magnetic field
minimum? [CBSE OD 05]
32. An electron beam projected along -axis, experiences a force due to a magnetic field along the
-axis. What is the direction of the magnetic field? [CBSE D 05]
33. A charged particle moves through a region of uniform magnetic field. Is the momentum of the
particle affected? [CBSE F 94]
34. Which one of the following will experience maximum force, when projected with the same
velocity perpendicular to the magnetic field: (i) –particle, and (ii) –particle?
[CBSE D 02C]
4

35. As shown in figure, a charged particle enters a uniform magnetic field and experiences an
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upward force as indicated. What is the charge sign on the particle? [CBSE D 03C,05]

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36. An electron with speed enters a right angle in a region of uniform magnetic field B. Write the
expression for the radius of the path it follows. [CBSE F 1995]
37. A charged particle moving in a uniform magnetic field penetrates a layer of lead and thereby
loses one-half of its kinetic energy. How does the radius of curvature of its path change?
[CBSE F 10C]
38. An electron and a proton, having equal momenta, enter a uniform magnetic field at right angles
to the field lines, What will be the ratio of curvature of their trajectories? [CBSE SP 05]
39. A narrow stream, of protons and deuterons, having the same momentum values, enter a region
of a uniform magnetic field directed perpendicular to their common direction of motion. What
would be the ratio of the radii of the circular paths, described by the protons and deuterons?
1:1 [CBSE F 11]
40. Which one the following will describe the smallest circle when projected with the same velocity
perpendicular to the magnetic field B: (i) –particle and (ii) –particle? [CBSE D 02C]
41. Two protons P and Q moving with the same speed enter magnetic fields and respectively
at right angles to the field direction. If is greater than , for which of the protons P and Q, the
circular path in the magnetic field will have a smaller radius? [CBSE OD 98]
42. A proton and an alpha particle of the same velocity enter in turn a region of uniform magnetic
field, acting perpendicular to their direction of motion. Deduce the ratio of the radii of the
circular path described by the particles. [CBSE D 93C, 2000, 01C]
2:1
43. An electron an a proton are moving along the same direction with the same kinetic energy.
When they pass through a uniform magnetic field perpendicular to the direction of their motion,
they describe paths of same radius. Is this statement true or false? [IIT 85]
44. Two identical charged particles moving with same speed enter a region of uniform magnetic
field. If one of these enters normal to the field direction and the other enters along a direction at
with the field, what would be the ratio of their angular frequencies?
1:1 [CBSE Sample paper 2008]
45. An electron passes through a region of crossed electric and magnetic fields of intensities E and B
respectively. For what value of electron speed will the beam remain undeflected?
[CBSE D 01C]
46. Uniform electric and magnetic fields are produced pointing in the same direction. An electron is
projected in the direction of the fields. What will be the effect of the kinetic energy of the
electron due to the two fields. [CBSE D 92C]
47. ⃗
What is the force that a conductor , carrying a current experiences when placed in a
magnetic field ⃗⃗? What is the direction of the force? [CBSE OD 90]
48. Two wires of equal lengths are bent in the form of two loops. One of the loops is square shaped
5

whereas the other loop is circular. These are suspended in a uniform magnetic field and the
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same current is passed through them. Which loop will experience greater torque? Give reasons.
[CBSE OD 05]
49. A given rectangular coil of area carrying a given current is placed un auniform
magnetic field ⃗⃗ ̂ , in two different orientations (a) and (b) as shown. What is the
magnitude of torque experienced by this coil in the two cases? [CBSE Sample Paper 2011]

50. What is the nature of the magnetic field in a moving coil galvanometer? [CBSE D 96; OD 96]
51. State two properties of the material of the wire used for suspension of the coil in a moving coil
galvanometer. [CBSE OD 01, 06C]
52. Why should the spring/suspension wire in a moving coil galvanometer have low torsional
constant? [CBSE OD 08]
53. Give two factors by which voltage sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer can be increased.
54. How can a moving coil galvanometer be converted into an ammeter? [CBSE OD 01]
55. How can a moving coil galvanometer be converted into a voltmeter? [CBSE OD 01]
56. Why should an ammeter have a low resistance? [CBSE D 91]
57. Why is a voltmeter is always connected in parallel with a circuit element across which voltage is
to be measured? [CBSE OD 97C]
58. Which one of the two, an ammeter or a milliammeter, has a higher resistance and why?
[CBSE OD 02, 06]
59. Define one tesla using the expression for the magnetic force acting on a particle of charge
moving with velocity ⃗ in a magnetic field ⃗⃗. [Foreign 2014]
60. Write the condition under which an electron move undeflected in the presence of crossed electric
and magnetic fields. [OD 2014]

61. Write the expression in a vector form, for the Lorentz magnetic force due to a charge moving
with velocity ⃗ in a magnetic field ⃗⃗. What is the direction of the magnetic force?[Delhi 2014]
62. Using the concept of force between two infinitely long parallel current carrying conductors, define
one ampere of current. [OD 2014]

SAQ:
1. State Biot-Savart law.
A current flows in a conductor placed perpendicular to the plane
of the paper. Indicate the direction of the magnetic field due to a
small element ⃗ at point P situated at a distance ⃗ from the
element as shown in figure.
[CBSE D 09]

2. Using Biot-Savart’s law, deduce the expression for the


6
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magnetic field produced at the centre of a semi-circular

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wire loop of radius R, carrying a current
[CBSE D 97C]
OR
A long wire having a semi-circular loop of radius carries a current as shown in figure. Find
the magnetic field due to entire wire at the point O.
3. A wire of length L is bent into a semi-circular loop. Use Biot-Savart law to deduce an expression
for the magnetic field at the centre due to the current passing through it. [CBSE D 11 C]
4. A wire of length L is bent round in the form of a coil having turns of same radius. If a steady
current I flows through it in clockwise direction, find the magnitude and direction of the
magnetic field produced at its centre. [CBSE F 09]

5. Two identical circular wires P and Q each f radius R and carrying


current are kept in perpendicular planes such that they have a
common centre as shown in figure. Find the magnitude and direction of
the net magnetic field at the common centre of the two coils.

[CBSE D 12]

6. Two identical circular loops, P and Q, each of radius and carrying


currents and respectively are lying in parallel planes such that
they have a common axis. The direction of current in both the
loops is clockwise as seen from O which is equidistant from the
both loops. Find the magnitude of the net magnetic field at point O.
[CBSE D 12]
7. Two identical circular loops, P and Q, each of radius and
carrying equal currents are kept in the parallel planes having a
common axis passing through O. The direction of current in P is
clockwise and in q is anticlockwise as seen from O which is
equidistant from the loops P and Q. Find the magnitude of the net
magnetic field at O. [CBSE D 12]

8. Two small identical circular loops, marked (1) and (2), carrying
equal currents, are placed with the geometrical axes perpendicular
to each other as shown in figure. Find the magnitude and direction
of the net magnetic field produced at the point O.
[CBSE D 05; 05 08]

9. Using Ampere’s circuital law derive an expression for the magnetic field along the axis of a
toroidal solenoid. [CBSE OD 08]
10. A long straight wire of a circular cross-section of radius carries a steady current The
current is uniformly distributed across the cross-section Apply Ampere’s circuital law to
7

calculate the magnetic field t a point ’ in the region for (i) and (ii) . [CBSE D 10]
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11. Write the relation for the force ⃗ acting on a charge moving with velocity ⃗ in the region,
where magnetic induction ⃗⃗ is uniform. How does the speed change, as the charge moves?
Under what circumstances the force ⃗ shall be zero? [ISCE 96]
12. Write the expression for Lorentz magnetic force on the particle of charge q’ moving with
velocity ⃗ in a magnetic field ⃗⃗. Show that no work is done by this force on the charged particle.
[CBSE OD 11]
13. Define the SI unit of magnetic field “A charge moving at right angles to a uniform magnetic field
does not undergo change in kinetic energy” Why [CBSE D 02]
14. A charge moving in a straight line is accelerated by a potential difference it enters a
uniform magnetic field perpendicular to its path. Deduce in terms of V an expression fir the
radius of the circular path in which it travels.
[CBSE OD 2K]
15. An –particle and a proton moving with the same speed enter the same
magnetic field region at right angles so the direction of the field. Show
the trajectories followed by the two particles in the region of the
magnetic field. Find the ratio of the radii of the circular paths which the
two particles may describe.
[CBSE F 10]

16. A particle with charge moving with a velocity moving in the plane of paper enters a
uniform magnetic field acting perpendicular to the plane of the paper. Deduce an expression
for the time period of the charge, as it moves in a circular path in the field. Why does the kinetic
energy of the charge not change while moving in the magnetic field? [CBSE OD 01]
17. A charged particle of mass charge moving at uniform velocity enters a uniform
magnetic field acting normal to the plane of the paper. Deduce expression for the (i) radius
of the circular path in which it travels, (ii) kinetic energy of the particle (assuming
[CBSE OD 11]
18. A point charge is moving with a speed perpendicular to a
magnetic field B as shown in figure. Explain what should be the
magnitude and direction of the applied electric field so that net
force acting on the charge is zero.
[CBSE Sample Paper 1990]

19. If a particle of charge is moving with velocity along the -axis and the magnetic field B is
acting along the -axis, use the expression ⃗ ( ⃗ ⃗⃗) to find the direction of the force acting
on it.
A beam of protons passes undeflected with a horizontal velocity through a region of electric
and magnetic fields, mutually perpendicular to each other and perpendicular to the direction of
the beam. If the magnitudes of the electric and magnetic fields are 100 kV/m, 50 mT
respectively, calculate:
(i) velocity of the beam
(ii) force exerted by the beam on a target on the screen, if the proton beam carries a current of
8

0.80 mA.
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20. A charged particle, having charge is moving with a speed along the -axis. It enters a region
of space where an electric field ⃗⃗ ( ̂ and a magnetic field ⃗⃗ are both present. The particle,
on emerging from this region, is observed to be moving along the -axis only. Obtain an
expression for the magnitude of ⃗⃗ in terms of and Given the direction of ⃗⃗.
[CBSE OD 04C]
21. Obtain an expression for the frequency f revolution of a charged particle moving in a uniform
transverse magnetic field. How does the time period of the circulating ions in a cyclotron
depend on (i) the speed and (ii) the radius of the path of the ions? [CBSE Sample Paper 05]
22. Explain the principle and working of a cyclotron with the help of a schematic diagram. Write the
expression for cyclotron frequency. [CBSE D 09]
23. Derive an expression for the maximum force exerted by a straight conductor of length
carrying current and kept in a uniform magnetic field, B. [CBSE D 06C]
24. A straight wire, of length , carrying a current , stays suspended horizontally in mid air in a
region where there is a uniform magnetic field ⃗⃗. The linear mass density of the wire is
Obtain the magnitude and direction of this magnetic field. [CBSE D 04C]
25. Derive the expression for force per unit length between two long straight parallel current
carrying conductors. Hence define one ampere. [CBSE D 09]
26. Write down the relation for the force per unit length between two infinitely long parallel
straight conductors carrying currents. Hence define one ampere. [ISCE 96]

27. Explain, why two wires carrying currents in opposite directions repel each other.
[CBSE D 94]
28. Suppose a helical spring is suspended from the roof of a room and very small weight is attached
to its lower end. What will happen to the spring when a current is passed through it? Give
reason to support your answer. [CBSE sample paper 1998]

29. In figure, the straight wire AB is field while the loop PQRS is free to
move under the influence of the electric currents flowing in them. In
which direction does the loop begin to move? Give reason for your
answer.
[CBSE D 97, OD 99]

30. Write the expression for the magnetic moment ( ⃗⃗⃗ due to a planar
square loop of side carrying a steady current in a vector form.
As shown in figure, this loop is placed in a horizontal plane near a
long straight conductor carrying a steady current at a distance
Give reasons to explain the loop will experience a net force but no
torque. Write the expression for this force acting on the loop.
[CBSE D 10]

31. A rectangular loop of wire of size carries a steady current


9

of 1 A. A straight long wire carrying 4 A current is kept near the loop


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as shown in figure. If the loop and the wire are coplanar, find (i) the

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torque acting on the loop and (ii) the magnitude and direction of the force on the loop due to the
current carrying wire. [CBSE D 12]

32. A circular coil of 200 turns and radius 10 cm is placed in a uniform magnetic field of 0.5 T,
normal to the plane of the coil. If the current in the coil is 3.0 A, calculate the
(a) total torque on the coil.
(b) total force on the coil.
(c) average force on each electron in the coil, due to the magnetic field.
Assume the area of cross-section of the wire to be and the free electron density is
. [CBSE OD 08]
33. (a) A current carrying circular loop lies on a smooth horizontal plane. Can a uniform magnetic
field be set up in such a manner that the loop turns around itself (i.e., turns about the vertical
axis)?
(b)A current carrying circular loop is located in a unfirom external magnetic field. If the loop is
free to turn, what is its orientation of stable equilibrium? Show that in this orientation the flux
of the total field (external field + field produced by the loop) is maximum. [CBSE OD 90]
(c) A loop of irregular shape carrying current is located in an external magnetic field. If the wire
is flexible, why does it change to a circular shape? [NCERT]
34. A rectangular loop of area A, having N turns and carrying a current of ampere is held in a
uniform magnetic field B.
(i) Write expression for the maximum torque experienced by the loop.
(ii) In which orientation, will the loop be in stable equilibrium? [CBE OD 98C]
35. With the help of a labelled diagram, explain the principle and working of a moving coil
galvanometer. [CBSE D 05]
36. State the underlying principle of working of a moving coil galvanometer. Write two reasons why
a galvanometer can not be used as such to measure current in a given circuit. Name any two
factors on which the current sensitivity of a galvanometer depends. [CBSE D 10; D 11]
37. Define current sensitivity and voltage sensitivity of a galvanometer.
Increasing the current sensitivity may not necessarily increase the voltage sensitivity of a
galvanometer. Justify. [CBSE OD 09, 11, 14]
38. You are given a low resistance a high resistance and a moving coil galvanometer. Suggest
how would you use these to have an instrument that will be able to measure (i) currents and (ii)
potential differences. [CBSE D 04C]
39. Explain how will you convert a galvanometer into a voltmeter to read a maximum potential
difference of V volts. Can one use a voltmeter to measure the emf of a cell? Justify your answer.
[CBSE OD 97C]
40. Why is it that while using a moving coil galvanometer as a voltmeter a high resistance in series
is required whereas in an ammeter a shunt is used? [CBSE OD 10]
OR
Explain, giving reasons, the basic difference in converting a galvanometer into (i) a voltmeter
and (ii) an ammeter. [CBSE OD 12]
41. (i) State Biot-Savart law in vector form expressing the magnetic field due t an element ⃗ carrying
current at a distance ⃗ from the element.
10

(ii) Write the expression for the magnitude of the magnetic field at the centre of a circular loop of
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radius carrying a steady current . Draw the field lines due to the current loop.
[OD 2014]
42. Deduce an expression for the frequency of revolution o a charged particle in a magnetic field and
show that it is independent of velocity or energy of the particle. [OD 2014]
43. Two very small identical circular loops, (1) and (2), carrying equal currents I are placed vertically
(with respect to the plane of the paper) with their geometrical axis perpendicular to each other as
in the figure. Find the magnitude and direction of the net magnetic field produced at the point
[Foreign 2014]

44. Draw the magnetic field lines due to a current passing through a long solenoid Use Ampere’s
circuital law to obtain the expression for the magnetic field due to the current in a long solenoid
having number of turns per unit length. [Delhi 2014]
45. (i) What is the importance of a radial magnetic field and how is it produced?
(ii) Why is it that while using a moving coil galvanometer as a voltmeter a high resistance in series
is required whereas in an ammeter a shunt is used?
[Delhi 2013]
46. A square loop of side 20 cm carrying current of 1A is kept near an infinite long straight wire
carrying a current of 2A in the same plane as shown in figure.

Calculate the magnitude and direction of the net force exerted on the loop due to the current
carrying conductor. [OD 2015]
OR
A square shaped plane coil of area cm of 200 turns carries a steady current of 5A. It is placed
in a uniform magnetic field of 0.2 T acting perpendicular to the plane of the coil. Calculate the
torque on the coil when its plane makes an angle of with the direction of the field. In which
orientation will the coil be in stable equilibrium?
47. An ammeter of resistance can measure current up to 1.0A.
(i) What must be the value of shunt resistance to enable the ammeter to measure current up to 5.0
A?
11

(ii) What is the combined resistance of the ammeter and the shunt? [Delhi 2013]
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48. (a) Write the expression for the magnetic force acting on a charged particle moving with velocity
in the presence of magnetic field .
(b) A neutron, an electron and an alpha particle moving with equal velocities, enter a uniform
magnetic field going into the plane of the paper as shown. Trace their paths n the field and justify
your answer. [Delhi 2016]

49. Use Biot-Savart law to derive the expression for the magnetic field on the axis of a current carrying
circular loop of radius
Draw the magnetic field lines due to a circular wire carrying current I. [OD 2016]
50. A metallic ring of mass m and radius I is falling under gravity in a region having a magnetic field. If
is the vertical direction, the -component of magnetic field is ( . If R is the
resistance of the ring and if the ring falls with a velocity , find the energy lost in the resistance. If
the ring has reached a constant velocity, use the conversation of energy to determine in term of
m, and acceleration due to gravity .
[SQP 2016]
51. A closely wound solenoid is 2000 turns and cross sectional area m carrying a current
of 4.0 A is suspended through its centre allowing it to turn in a horizontal plane. Find (i) the
magnetic moment associated with the solenoid, (ii) magnitude and direction of the torque on the
solenoid if a horizontal magnetic field of is set up at an angle of with the axis of the
solenoid. [OD 2015]
52. Consider the motion of a charged particle of mass and charge moving with velocity ⃗ in a
magnetic field ⃗⃗.
(i) If ⃗ is perpendicular to, show that its describes a circular path having angular frequency
.
(ii) If the velocity ⃗ has a component parallel to the magnetic field ⃗⃗, trace the path described by
the particle. Justify your answer. [Delhi 2014]
53. (a State Ampere’s circuital law expressing it in the integral form
(b) Two long co-axial insulated solenoids, and of equal lengths
are wound one over the other as shown in the figure. A steady
current “I” flows through the inner solenoid to the other end B,
which is connected to the other solenoid through which the same
current “I” flows in the opposite direction so as to come out at end A
If and are the number of turns per unit length, find the
magnitude and direction of the net magnetic field at a point (i) inside
on the axis and (ii) outside the combined system. [Delhi 2014]

54. Describe the concept used for the selection of velocity of a charged particle. Explain the
principle of the device with the help of a diagram where the same concept is used. What is
the resonating condition for the said device? [SQP 2016]
12

55. A long straight wire, of a circular cross-section (radius = ) carries a current I which is
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uniformly distributed across the cross-section of the wire.

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Use Ampere’s circuital law to calculate magnetic field ( , due to this wire at a point
distance and from its axis. Draw a graph showing the dependence of ( on
[Foreign 2016]
56. (i) How is a toroid different from a solenoid? [OD 2014]
(ii Use Ampere’s circuital law to obtain the magnetic field inside a toroid
(iii) Show that in an ideal toroid, the magnetic field (a) inside the toroid and (b) outside the
toroid at any point in the open space is zero.
57. State the principle of working of a galvanometer.
A galvanometer of resistance G is converted into a voltmeter to measure up to V volts by
connecting a resistance in series with the coil. If a resistance is connected in series
with it, then it can measure up to V/2 volts. Find the resistance, in terms of and ,
required to be connected to convert it into a voltmeter that can read up to 2 V. Also find the
resistance G of the galvanometer in terms of and [Delhi 2015]
58. (i) Why is the magnetic field radial in a moving coil galvanometer? Explain how it is
achieved?
(ii A galvanometer of resistance G’ can be converted into a voltmeter of range ( -V) volts
by connecting a resistance R’ in series with it How much resistance will be required to
change its range from 0 to V/2? [OD 2015]
59. Write the expression for the magnetic force ⃗ acting on a charged particle q moving a
velocity ⃗⃗ in the presence of the magnetic field ⃗⃗ in a vector form. Show that no work is
done and no change in the magnitude of the velocity of the particle is produced by this force.
Hence define the unit of magnetic field. [Foreign 2016]
60. A circular coil, having 100 turns of wire, of radius (nearly) 20 cm each, lies in the XY plane
with its centre at the origin of co-ordinates. Find the magnetic field at the point
( √ cm when the coil carries a current of ( . [Delhi 2016]
61. Two long solenoid straight parallel conductors carry steady current and separated by a
distance . If the currents are flowing in the same direction, show how the magnetic field set
up in one produces an attractive force on the other. Obtain the expression for this force.
Hence define one ampere. [Delhi 2015]
62. The current flowing in the galvanometer G when the
key is kept open is I. On closing the key , the
current n the galvanometer becomes where is
integer.
Obtain an expression for resistance of the
galvanometer in terms of and . To what form
does this expression reduce when the value of R is
very large as compared to ?
[SQP 2014]

63. (a Two long straight parallel conductors a’ and b’ carrying steady currents and are
separated by a distance Write the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field produced
by the conductor a’ at the points along the conductor b’ If the currents are flowing in the
same direction, what is the nature and magnitude of the force between the two conductors?
(b) Show with the help of a diagram how the force between the two conductors would
13

change when the currents in them, flow in the opposite directions. [Foreign 2014]
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LAQ:

1. State Biot-Savart law. Use it to derive an expression for the magnetic field at the centre of a
circular loop of a radius R carrying a steady current Sketch the magnetic field lines for such a
current carrying loop. [CBSE OD 07; D 08]
2. State Biot-Savart law, giving the mathematical expression for it.
Use this law to derive the expression for the magnetic field due to a circular loop carrying
current at a point along its axis.
How does a circular loop carrying current behave as a magnet? [CBSE D 11]
3. State Biot-Savart law. Use it to obtain the magnetic field, at an axial point, distant from the
centre of a circular coil of radius carrying a current Hence, compare the magnitudes of the
magnetic field of this coil t the centre and at an axial point for which √
[CBSE Sample Paper 05]
4. Derive an expression for the magnetic field along the axis of an air-cored solenoid, using
Ampere’s circuital law Sketch the magnetic field lines for a finite solenoid Explain why the field
at the exterior midpoint is weak while at the interior it is uniform and strong.
[CBSE D 06C]
5. (a Using Ampere’s circuital law obtain the expression for the magnetic field due to a long
solenoid at a point inside the solenoid on its axis.
(b) In what respect is a toroid different from a solenoid? Draw and compare the pattern of the
magnetic field lines in two case.
(c) How is the magnetic field inside a given solenoid made strong? [CBSE OD 11]
6. Draw a schematic diagram of a cyclotron. Explain its underlying principle and working, stating
clearly the function of the electric and magnetic field applied on a charged particle.
Deduce an expression for the period of revolution and show that it does not depend on the
speed if the charged particle. [CBSE D 08]
7. With the help of a labelled diagram, state the underlying principle of a cyclotron. Explain clearly
how it works to accelerate the charged particles.
Show that cyclotron frequency is independent of energy of the particle. Is there an upper limit
on the energy acquired by the particle? Give reason. [CBSE D 11]
8. (a) Derive an expression for the force between two long parallel current
carrying conductors.
(b) Use this expression to define S.I. unit of current.
(c) A long straight wire AB carries a current A proton P travels with a
speed parallel to the wire, at a distance from it in a direction
opposite to the current as shown in figure. What is the force
experienced by the proton and what is its direction?
[CBSE OD 10]

9. (a)Two straight long parallel conductors carry currents and


in the same direction. Deduce the expression for the force per
unit length between them.
Depict the pattern of magnetic field line around them.
(b) A rectangular current carrying loop EFGH is kept in a
14

uniform magnetic field as shown in figure.


(i) What is the direction of the magnetic moment of the current
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loop?

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(ii) When is the torque acting on the loop (A) maximum, (B) zero?
[CBSE OD 09]
10. (a) With the help of a diagram, explain the principle and working of a moving coil galvanometer.
(b) What is the importance of a radial magnetic field and how is it produced?
(c “Increasing the current sensitivity of a galvanometer may not necessarily increase its voltage
sensitivity ” Justify this statement [CBSE OD 10, 11]

15
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Phone: 9536567111, 9536987111