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1ST SEMINAR FOR JUDGES ON

REGULATION IN THE ELECTRIC POWER SECTOR

ISSUES IN CROSS-
CROSS-BORDER
POWER DELIVERY AND INFRASTRUCTURE

WEST AFRICAN POWER POOL


COTONOU
WAPP Vision

• WAPP is a specialized institution of ECOWAS


was created to:-
– Integrate the operations of the national power
systems into a unified,
– Regional generation and transmission
development
– Develop sustainable regional electricity market,
– Provide the ECOWAS Member States with stable
and reliable electricity supply at affordable cost
WAPP Mission

• Facilitate infrastructure development


– Transmission interconnections
– Exploit primary energy resources
• Gas (Nigeria)
• Hydro (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, etc.)
• Develop harmonised codes & standards to
facilitate trade and development
– Operating manual (OSMP)
– Planning & design criteria
• Develop and improve energy trading
– System monitoring & coordination
– Standard agreements (trading, wheeling, power purchase)
– Electricity market (rules, governance, metering, settlement)
ECOWAS Energy Protocol

• Supporting ECOWAS regional goals


– Increased access to energy
– Stable and reliable electricity supply –
affordable and sustainable
– Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
– Peace and security
• Balanced development of the diverse
primary energy resources of the ECOWAS
member states for their mutual benefit
• Long-term cooperation in the energy sector
• Uninterrupted energy transit, and
Development of the diverse primary
energy resources
Huge Oil and
Huge
Gas Resources
Water
Resource

MALI
NIGER
SENEGAL
GAMBIA

GUINEA BURKINA
BISSAU GUINEA FASO
BENIN NIGERIA
SIERRA TOGO
LEONE CÔTE
LIBERIA D’IVOIRE GHANA

West Africa Gas Pipeline


(WAGP) Project
ISSUES

• Political Will
– Energy Protocol
- Togo and Costal Transmission Backbone
• Political Changes
– Effect Project delivery
– Ikeja West (Nigeria) – Sakete (Benin)
• Political Interference
- Togo and Costal Transmission Backbone
Coastal Transmission Backbone

GHANA TOGO BENIN NIGERIA

Kumasi
Kumasi Momé
Momé Sakété
Sakété 2007
Hagou
Hague
Akosombo
Akosombo
Obuasi Obuasi Cotonou
Cotonou
2008-9
2009 Lomé

CÔTE 2008 Volta


Volta
Prestea
Prestea
D’IVOIRE Accra Existing 161 kV
225 kV Committed
Existing 161330
kVkV line
Committed
330 kV line 161 kV construction
under line
Aboadze
Aboadze Proposed
330 kV line330 kV operated
under at 161 kV
development

• Strengthens High Voltage Transmission System


• Coastal corridor Côte d’Ivoire-Ghana-Togo-Benin-Nigeria
• Better use of hydro thermal
• Enable energy trading
Challenges
• Developing countries high risk region
– Transition from a democratic govt to another
– Adherence to Legal frame work
– Enforcement
• Funding
– Proper project identification and
– Contending demand; Haiti, Kathrina
Challenges

• Harmonization of Planning
– Project Preparation
– WAPP Priority Projects
• Harmonization of Operation
– WAPP Operation Manual
– Grid Codes
• Information and Data
– MIS / M&E Infrastructure
Establish WAPP Regional Electricity
Market

SENELEC
EDG

EDM EAGB
NPA LEC
NAWEC WAPP – Information
& Coordination
Center

CIE TCN Legend


WAPP Information &
VRA Coordination Center

Control Area Center


SONABEL
NIGELEC
National Control Center

CEB Communication Link


Coastal Trans Backbone Sub-program
Inter Zonal
Inter-Zonal Trans Sub-program

North-core Trans Sub-program


Northcore

OMVG/OMVS Development Sub-program

CLSG System Redevelopment Sub-program

MALI

SENEGAL NIGER

GAMBIA
GUINEA
BISSAU
BURKINA FASO
GUINEA NIGERIA
OMVG-OMVS BENIN
SIERRA CÔTE TOGO
LEONE D’IVOIRE
GHANA

LIBERIA
CLSG
Coastal Backbone

Implementation Road Map 11


Bilateral Contracts

• Nigeria – Niger
• Nigeria – Benin
• Ghana – Togo – Benin
• Ghana – Cote d’Ivoire – Burkina Faso
• Cote d’Ivoire – Burkina Faso
• Breach of Contract
– Volta River Basin in 2008 (affected four countries)
– Cote d’Ivore Azito Plant (affected Burkina Faso)
Interconnected Countries

MALI NIGER

SENEGAL
GAMBIA
BURKINA
GUINEA FASO
GUINEA
BISSAU BENIN NIGERIA
SIERR TOGO
A CÔTE
LEONELIBERI D’IVOIRE GHANA
A
West Africa Gas Pipeline
(WAGP) Project
Dispute Resolution

• First Level – Utilities in dispute


• Second Level – WAPP Technical Committee
• Agreed International Court
Nigeria Electricity Market

North West North East


Kastina= 5MW Mambilla= 1000MW
Micro Hydro

North Central
Kainji= 760MW
Jebba = 600MW
Shiroro = 600mw

South West South South & South East


Egbin = 1320MW Thermal= 2,000MW
AES = 270MW NIPP = 10,000MW