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EDUCATION 12 – Curriculum Development

Lesson 9 – Pilot Testing, Monitoring and Evaluating the Implementation of the


Curriculum

Introduction

In the implementation of a curriculum, there are processes needed after it has been
written and before it is accepted for a final implementation. Pilot testing or field tryout is
one of the common practices of curriculum makers to determine the strength and the
weaknesses of a written or planned curriculum. Likewise, monitoring and evaluation of
the curriculum are also important in the implementation.

Pilot Testing or Field of Try-Out

This process will gather empirical data to support whether the material or the
curriculum is useful, relevant, reliable and valid. Most of the field study or tryout follow
some form of research designs.

Curriculum Monitoring

Monitoring is a periodic assessment and adjustment during the tryout period. It


determines how the curriculum is working, such that the monitoring report becomes the
basis of a decision on what aspects have to be trained, improved or modified.

Curriculum Evaluation

Evaluation is a process of judging the value, effectiveness and adequacy of a


curriculum: its process, product and setting which will lead to informed decision. Two (2)
ways of Curriculum evaluation:

1. School-Based Evaluation – An approach to curriculum evaluation which


places the content, design, operation, and maintenance of evaluation
procedure in the hands of school personnel.

Advantages of the School-Based Evaluation:


a. Accountability is shared by all; hence, bias and conflict are minimized.
b. School personnel develop evaluation skills.
c. The real concerns of the school and community are addressed by the
evaluation.
d. Broad participation of school personnel provides opportunities for
building school cohesiveness.
e. Provides reliable and valid information on curriculum, resources, and
general school functioning.
2. Accreditation – This is a voluntary process of submitting a curricular
program to an external accrediting body for review in any of education. It
studies the statement of the educational intentions of the school and affirms a
standard of excellence.

Areas for Accreditation under Curriculum and Instruction:

a. Curriculum and Program of Studies – Includes the clusters of


knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and experiences that will provide
the students at any level with the necessary competencies for effective
learning.

b. Classroom Management – The teacher who implements the


curriculum sees to it that management of teaching and learning in the
classroom follows procedures and guidelines to enhance and create an
environment conducive to learning.

c. Instructional Processes and Methodologies – The emerging


strategies of teaching follow principles and theories that enhance
learning outcomes.

d. Graduation Requirements – Graduation means successful


accomplishment of the curricular program of studies. A student has to
accomplish its academic program as prescribed in the program of
studies. These requirements are clearly understood upon enrolment in
college by the students and by the parents (Basic Education).

e. Administration Support for Effective Instruction


 The school class schedule should result to efficient and effective
teaching and learning.
 Policies should be provided for punctuality of teachers and
students in school attendance and submission of reports.
 Quality instruction should be sustained by requiring needed
instructional materials.
 High quality of examination questions and other support for
effective instruction.

f. Evaluation of Academic Performance of Students


 The evaluation of students’ performance should make use of valid
and reliable tools which are periodically reviewed and revised.
 Students should be informed and be clarified about the grading
system as well the standards used.