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Justice refers to the fair distribution of benefits and burdens of scarce healthcare
resources, it is a principle in health care ethics, a virtue, and the foundation of duty-based
ethical framework of moral reasoning. For example, nurses must be fair when they
distribute care; among the group of patients that they are taking care of, care must be
fairly, justly and equitable.

Justice states that all like cases shuold be treated the same way. A restricted version of
justice is the distributive justice, which is the distribution of social benefits and burdens
based on various criteria which may include:

• Equality: nurses must practice with compassion and respect for the inherent
dignity, worth, and uniqueness of every individual, unrestricted by considerations
of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.
This means that all nurses must set aside prejudice or personal bias to care for
patients with the same degree of professionalism, regardless of who the patient is.

• Individual need

• Individual effort

• Societal contribution

• Legal entitlement

• Individual merit

Retributive justice; involves the imposition of an appropriate sanction or punishment for

violation of the penal law.

Restorative justice: a process whereby all the parties with a stake in a particular offence
come together to resolve collectively how to deal with the aftermath of the offesense and
its implications for their future. It involves the elements in which the victims and
offenders meet face-to-face and they come to an understanding, which constitutes the
outcome that they have determined.

• http//www.americansentinel.edu

• http//www.beyondintractbility.org

• Mellish, J.M. Oosthuizen, A and Paton F. An Introduction to the Ethos of Nursing,

third edition