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C 21/48 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 22. 1.


The Japanese Government is planning to instal 400 MW of photovoltaic energy capacity by 2000, rising to
4600 MW by 2010.

1. What findings has the Commission made about the Full Cost Rate system?

2. How does it evaluate those findings?

3. Will they be incorporated into the White Paper on renewable energy?

4. What strategy will the Commission adopt in reaction to the Japanese and industrial challenge, so as to
maintain photovoltaic production in Europe?

Answer given by Mr Papoutsis on behalf of the Commission

(20 June 1997)

1. The Commission recently adopted a green paper entitled ‘Energy for the future; renewable sources of
energy, green paper for a Community strategy’ (1). The main objective of this paper is to provide a sound basis
for a wide debate on the future role of renewable sources of energy in the Community. On the basis of the
conclusions which can be drawn from the debate the Commission intends to present a white paper and an action
plan later in 1997.

With the green paper the Commission provided an analysis of the various obstacles faced by renewable sources
of energy in the Community, including the obstacles related to the cost of renewable sources of energy compared
to conventional sources.

2. The Commission is aware that grid-connection of renewable sources of energy is a complex issue that
needs careful consideration. The complexity, in particular, arises from the fact that the various renewable energy
technologies are characterised by varying technological and competitive maturity as well as the fact that local
conditions (geographical, climatic and economic) vary considerably throughout the various regions of the

3. In the framework of the white paper and the action plan the Commission intends to present a
comprehensive strategy for the promotion of renewable sources of energy addressing all major obstacles which
need dismantling to promote a more wide-spread use of renewable sources of energy.

4. A recent study undertaken for the Commission in the framework of the Altener programme shows that
there is scope for a considerable increase in installed photovoltaic (PV) capacity in Europe, although it would be
difficult for Europe, even under very strict policy assumptions, to reach a target matching that set by the Japanese

The Commission accepts that there is a big challenge for European industry to maintain and if possible improve
its position in the world PV market. In the Commissions view, this challenge can only be successfully taken up
by creating a growing home market and by continuing and strengthening the efforts undertaken in the framework
of both european and national research and technological development (RTD) programmes. This issue will be
fully addressed in the forthcoming white paper and action plan.

(1) COM(96) 576 final.

(98/C 21/130) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1368/97

by Joaquı́n Sisó Cruellas (PPE) to the Commission
(21 April 1997)

Subject: The programme ‘New sources of employment’

Out of more than 340 projects submitted for the European Union’s ‘New sources of employment’ programme the
European Commission’s Directorate-General XVI − Regional Policy and Cohesion − has ratified a total of 42,
ten of which are Spanish.

Can the Commission give details of these ten projects, summarizing their content and specifying the amount of
Community participation in them?
22. 1. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 21/49

Answer given by Mrs Wulf-Mathies on behalf of the Commission

(3 June 1997)

Under the programme ‘New sources of employment’ pursuant to Article 10 of Council Regulation (EEC)
No 4254/88 of 19 December 1988, laying down provisions for implementing Regulation (EEC) No 2052/88 as
regards the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), as amended (1), the Commission has selected
41 projects of which 10 were indeed presented by local authorities or bodies in Spain. The ERDF contribution to
these 10 projects amounts to ECU 3 981 670. Basic information and a summary for each of these projects are
directly accessible on the Internet site for innovative actions under Article 10 of the ERDF at the following
address: http://www. aeidl.be/art10/.

(1) OJ L 193, 31.7.1993.

(98/C 21/131) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1370/97

by Daniel Varela Suanzes-Carpegna (PPE) to the Commission
(21 April 1997)

Subject: Community imports of semi-preserves of anchovies in brine or oil

Can the Community supply information on the volume of imports of the above products and their countries of

Can the Commission guarantee that the products are imported in compliance with minimum standards as regards
quality and salt and moisture content and that they are cleared through customs under the correct tariff headings?

Answer given by Mrs Bonino on behalf of the Commission

(3 June 1997)

A table with information on imports of anchovies is being sent direct to the Honourable Member and to the
Secretariat of Parliament.

There are no specific Community rules on semi-preserves of anchovies. These products are covered by the
relevant health and hygiene rules and the provisions governing foodstuffs in general, such as, for example,
additives or contact materials. Further quality standards can, if necessary, be imposed by national rules or
manufacturing standards laid down by producers and recognized under approval systems. The national
authorities are responsible for monitoring compliance with all applicable standards, both by Community
production and by imports from non-member countries.

The Commission is not aware of any specific problems concerning semi-preserves of anchovies.

Finally, the goods introduced into the customs territory of the Community must be declared by the importer to
the customs authorities of the Member State concerned, with all the information required to identify them. The
customs authorities check that the correct tariff headings have been used and that they correspond to the goods
declared and presented to the customs.

(98/C 21/132) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1373/97

by Daniel Varela Suanzes-Carpegna (PPE) to the Council
(18 April 1997)

Subject: EU-Turkey cooperation agreement: tuna preserved in oil

European economic operators and, frequently, producers of tuna preserved in oil have been complaining about
the marketing of such preserves on the Community market since, they claim, these products enjoy customs tariff
exemptions different from those laid down for third countries.

Those concerned say that they benefit from these exemptions although they do not comply with legislation on the
origin of the raw material − tuna − which is considered to be a preserve of Turkish origin.