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Model 4000 Photometric Analyzer

Superior Benefits
zx High sensitivity, accuracy and
zx No moving parts
zx High temperature performance
zx Wide range of processes
zx Simplified sampling process

zx Chlorine purity / chlorination
zx Flourination processes
zx Phosgenation processes
zx Impurity monitoring
zx Pulp and paper bleaching
zx Turbidity

Typical Model 4000 Photometric Analyzer with a sampling system

The Need
AMETEK Western Research’s It’s world-renowned reliability fertilizer manufacture, film coating,
Model 4000 Photometric Analyzer has led to the automation of many and wastewater treatment are only
is the world’s choice for reliable, process measurements that were some of the industries currently
accurate, continuous, online previously only possible through utilizing the Model 4000.
photometry measurement, and the laboratory analysis. A partial list The rugged and elegantly simple
only photometric analyzer on the of applications is presented on design of the Model 4000 enables
market with over 40 years of actual page two. Virtually every industrial it to provide decades of online
field experience in thousands of sector is using a Model 4000 to service. It is not uncommon for our
applications. The analyzer was monitor and control critical process customers to experience more than
initially developed to fill various parameters. Petrochemical, pulp 30 years of operational service,
measurement needs within the and paper, food processing, even in the harshest of process
chemical industry, and later the chemical, metal refining, oil refining, applications and environmental
applications were expanded to gas sweetening, power generation, conditions.
include a wide variety of other

Direct Measurement
The Model 4000 uses ultraviolet plastics and metals as well as that emit light in very distinct
or visible light to measure a wide simple stainless steel are available. wavelengths. Through selection
range of gas and liquid properties. The Model 4000 utilizes a ‘split- and isolation of a wavelength, a
The principle of analysis is beam’ design that reduces or measurement can be obtained
the absorption of UV/visible eliminates measurement errors due in a manner that eliminates,
energy within a sample cell. The to bubbles, particulate, and lamp or minimizes, the effect of any
analyzer detects how much intensity fluctuations. The split potentially interfering compounds.
light is attenuated when passing beam allows continuous monitoring This means that the measurements
through a fixed volume of sample. of both the measuring wavelength made with the Model 4000 will be
The amount of attenuation is of light as well as a reference accurate, stable, and repeatable.
directly proportional to the desired wavelength. Because the reference From the basic analyzer to
measurement. Since the analysis is not affected by the sample, it fully equipped analyzer shelters,
technique is to simply shine the can be used to detect the presence AMETEK has built it all. The Model
light through the sample cell, of bubbles, particulate, and lamp 4000 can be configured for any
sample conditioning is usually intensity fluctuations. A built-in location across the world, from a
limited to keeping the sample in optical filter allows on-demand general-purpose installation to a
either the gas or liquid phase. verification of analyzer span NEC Class 1, Division 1 installation
Sample temperatures and readings, thereby eliminating the for the Middle East to ATEX
pressures present in most requirement for costly laboratory systems for Siberia. We have the
processes are not a challenge verification or calibration gases. knowledge and ability to meet any
to the Model 4000. Sample cells There are many benefits to on or offshore installation need.
and their sealing materials can be measuring in the UV region. Most The Model 4000 also has CE, CSA,
configured to handle gases and common hydrocarbons and water and UL markings signifying it’s
liquids up to 15 MPag (2200 psig) are transparent; therefore, they do electrical safety and EMI/RFI code
or 538O C. Sample wetted materials not interfere with the measurement compliance.
can be selected to handle virtually of interest. There are also a number
any chemical. Corrosion-resistant of UV light sources available

Process Chemicals Sampled

The following is a partial listing of chemicals and properties that are commonly monitored using the Model 4000:
Aniline, Benzene, Bisphenol A, Carbon Disulfide, Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide, Color, DMAC, Fluorine, Hydrogen
Sulfide, Hydroquinone, Invert Sugar, Iodine, Lignin, MEHQ, Mercury, Nitrogen Trichloride, NOx, Phenol,
Phosgene, Sulfur Dioxide, Uranium Hexafluoride, Uranyl Nitrate, Vanadium
The following is a partial listing of chemicals that do not absorb UV or visible light, therefore, it is possible to
monitor UV/visible light-absorbing impurities in sample streams of these chemicals.

Representative Gases, Vapors and Liquid that Do Not Absorb Visible or UV Radiation
Saturated Straight-Chain Unsaturated Straight-
Inorganics Lower Alcohols
Hydrocarbons Chain Hydrocarbons
Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Butane, Ethane, Methane, Acetylene, Ethylene, Ethanol, Methanol,
Carbon Monoxide, Helium, Propane Propylene n-Butanol, n-Propanol
Hydrochloric Acid, Hydrogen,
Hydrogen Cyanide, Krypton,
Neon, Nitrogen, Oxygen,
Water, Xenon

The Following Do Not Absorb at 254nm or at Higher Wavelengths

Chlorides Acids Inorganics Lower Alcohols Esters Ethers
Ethylene chlorohydrin, Acetic, Carbonyl Sulfide Ethylene glycol, Butyl acetate, All
Ethyl chloride, Ethylene Butyric, i-Butanol, Cellosolve, Dimethyl
dichloride, Methyl Propionic i-Propanol sulfate, Ethyl acetate,
chloride, Methylene 2-Ethyl butyl acetate,
dichloride, Vinyl chloride, Methyl cellosolve,
Choloroform Vinyl acetate
BASIC MODEL 4000: A Modular Design







Model 4000 Photometric Analyzer

Performance Specifications
(Based on factory calibration and Maximum Allowable Pressure:* 350 Standard Model: Housings for
customer stream data) kPa (50 psi) gauge standard; up to lamp, sample cell, and photometer
Speed of Response: Standard 15 MPa (2200 psi) gauge available. are separate units of cast
photometer response less than 1 Typical Flow Rates aluminum with gasketed covers.
second. Total response depends on Gas: 2.5 L/min Power supply housing (a painted
sampling system. Liquid: 100 mL/min steel NEMA 1 general-purpose
enclosure) and controller are
Output: Linear with concentration; Cell Construction: Standard body designed for panel mounting
adjustable material is 304 stainless steel, and are suitable for control room
Standard Output: Linear with other materials available; standard installations. The controller is also
concentration; adjustable windows are quartz. available in rack, surface, and
Photometric Precision:* +0.5% full Pathlengths: 0.05 to 1000 mm NEMA 4X configurations.
scale (0.002 to 40 in.) stan­dard; other Explosion Proof Model (optional):
Photometric Accuracy:* +1% full lengths available. Cell pathlength The analyzer field unit is designed
scale established at factory. for use in Class I, Division 1, Group
Zero Drift:* Less than 1% full scale Operating Environment: C, D or certified to ATEX II 2 G EEx
in 24 hours for most applications -7O to 52O C (20O to 125O F) de m ia IIC T6 to T3. The 4000
90% RH maximum, noncondensing Controller may be supplied in an
Noise Level: Typically less than 0.5% IEC Pollution Degree 2 ATEX II 2 G EEx d IIC T6 enclosure
Absorbance Span Ranges: 0.05 to Maximum elevation: 2000 m (6560 on special order. The power supply
3.0 absorbance units ft.) is only suitable for non-hazardous
Wavelength Ranges: 214 to 975 Electrical Classifications: and Class I, Division 2 area
nanometers NEC/CEC Class I, Division 2, installations.
Standard Lamps: Metal-vapor Groups A, B, C, D, T6 to T4 Options Available: Hundreds of
discharge or tungsten filament light CE options are available, depending
sources Allowable Line Voltage Variation: on your needs. The basic sample
Standard Detector: Photodiodes 95 to 130 volts, 50/60 Hz system can be augmented
190 to 260 volts, 50/60 Hz to fit your particular process
Calibration: Optical filter and/or requirements.
standard samples Power Requirement: Typically less
than 300 W. Also refer to Customer
Zero Standardization: Manual or * Typical for most applications.
Drawing (CD) Package and 4000
Controller Supplement.
Sample Temperature Range:* Up to
538O C (1000O F)


CANADA - Alberta
2876 Sunridge Way N.E., Calgary AB T1Y 7H9 • Tel: 403-235-8400, Fax: 403-248-3550
USA - Oklahoma
2001 N. Indianwood Ave., Broken Arrow OK 74012 • Tel: 918-250-7200, Fax: 918-459-0165
USA - Pennsylvania
455 Corporate Blvd., Newark DE, 19702 150 Freeport Road, Pittsburgh PA 15238 • Tel: 412-828-9040, Fax: 412-826-0399
Ph. 302-456-4400, Fax 302-456-4444
USA - Texas
Tel: 33 1 30 68 89 20, Fax: 33 1 30 68 89 29
Tel: 713 466 4900, Fax: 713 849 1924
CHINA Tel: 49 21 59 91 36 0, Fax: 49 21 59 91 3639
Beijing / Tel: 86 10 8526 2111, Fax: 86 10 8526 2141
Chengdu / Tel: 86 28 8675 8111, Fax: 86 28 8675 8141 MIDDLE EAST - Dubai
© 2007, by AMETEK, Inc. Tel: 971 4 881 2052, Fax: 971 4 881 2053
Shanghai / Tel: 86 21 6426 8111, Fax: 86 21 6426 7818
All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. SINGAPORE
4000 Analyzer (030708) Tel: 65 6484 2388, Fax: 65 6481 6588
One of a family of innovative process analyzer solutions from AMETEK Process Instruments.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
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