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Module 17

Science and Health

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development
To the Learner

Dear Learner,

Good day kids! How are you? I hope you are well. It’s my pleasure to
introduce to you, another group of animals today. Let’s enjoy learning about
the animals around us.

Let’s Learn This

We classify animals according to their characteristics. The first group is

the VERTEBRATES, the animals with backbone which we learned in the
previous lesson. The second group is called INVERTEBRATES. It is a group
of animals that do not have backbones. It is also the animals that we are
going to learn in this module.

There are eight large groups of invertebrates: Porifera, Coelenterates,

Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Echinoderms, and

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Let’s Try This

Match the picture in column A to the group of invertebrates they

belong in column B.


a. Porifera

b. Mollusk

c. Arthropods

d. Annelida

e. Echinoderm

f. Nematoda

g. Platyhelminthes

h. Coelenterates

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Let’s Study This

Invertebrates are animals that do not have backbone. There are eight
large groups of invertebrates.

1. Porifera

The Poriferans are marine animals full of pores or holes. These holes
serve as passage for water which carries nutrients and gases.

Sponges or pore-bearing animals belong to this group.

Bath sponge Venus flower basket

2. Coelenterata (Coelenterates)

The Coelenterate or Coelenterates are hollow-bodied or soft-bodied

animals. Their bodies are made up of two layers of cells which form a
hollow tube. Examples of animals in this group are the fresh water hydras,
hydroids, jellyfish, sea fans, sea anemones, and corals.

Sea anemone Hydra Jellyfish Coral

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3. Platyhelminthes

Platyhelminthes have bodies that look like ribbons. They have no

space inside so they have no digestive system. Flatworms belong to this

The tapeworm and flukes are

examples of flatworms. The tapeworm lives
in the human intestine and feeds completely
on the digested food of its host. Flukes stay
in the liver. They are parasites.

4. Nematoda (Nematodes)

Nematoda or Nematodes consist

of animals called roundworms. They are
long, thin, round, and pointed at one or
both ends. Some of them are also
parasites. The ascaris lives in the
intestines of the human beings. The
hookworm, another parasite, enters the
human body by boring through the skin
in the feet. Hookworm

5. Annelida

Animals belong to this group are

segmented worms. They are the most
complex among the worms. Their bodies
are divided into segments. Examples of
the animals in this group are the
earthworms and leeches.

6. Mollusca (Mollusks)

Mollusca or Mollusks are soft-

bodied or shelled animals. Snails, slugs,
clams, mussels, oysters, squids and
octopuses are mollusks. Most animals
like the clams, oysters and snails have
shells that protect their soft bodies. Mollusks
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7. Echinodermata (Echinoderms)
Echinodermata or Echinoderms
are spiny-skinned sea animals. They
have hard shells covered with prickly
spines or needles. Starfish, sand
dollars, sea urchins, and sea cucumber
are the most common examples of this
group. Sea urchin Starfish
8. Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Arthropoda or Arthropods are joint-legged animals. They make up
the largest group in the animal kingdom. Their legs are jointed. Their
bodies and legs are made up of sections. They have an outside shell called
the exoskeleton.
There are four groups of animals in this group. These are:
a. Crustaceans have a hard outer
body covering divided into
sections. Crabs, lobsters and
shrimps belong to this group.
Crustaceans (crab) Lobster

b. Insects are small, six-legged animals or have three pairs of walking

legs, one or two pairs of wings and a pair of antennae. Their bodies
are divided into three parts: the head,
the thorax, and the abdomen. They
change their form as they grow. They
are the most numerous animals on
earth. Bees, ants, wasps, butterflies,
cockroaches, ladybugs, fireflies,
termites, moths and grasshopper are Butterfly Grasshopper

c. Arachnids have four pairs of walking legs. They have possess

spinnerets with which they spin silk thread into webs, cocoons and
nests. Examples of arachnids are scorpions, mites, ticks and spiders.

Spider Tick Scorpion

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d. Myriapods are animals with many legs. They are the millipedes
(diplopods) which have two pairs of legs in every segment of their
body and the centipedes (chilopods) which have one pair of legs in
every segment of their body.

Let’s Do This

A. Identify the characteristics of the different invertebrates by completing

the Chart using the following descriptions.

Classification - arthropods, mollusks, echinoderms, coelenterates

Movement - fly, crawl, swim

Description - with exoskeleton, spiny skin, soft and segmented body,

enclosed in a shell, hollow-body stinging cells or

Animals Classification Movement Description

1. Snails


3. Lobsters

4. Starfish

5. Jellyfish

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B. Match column A with column B. Write the letter of the correct answer.

_____1. Multi-legged with segmented bodies, their a. Coelenterates
skeleton is located outside their bodies

_____2. Hollow-bodied animals and have stinging b. Echinoderms

cells or tentacles

_____3. Soft-bodied and are enclosed in a shell c. Porifera

_____4. Spiny skinned sea animals d. Annelida

_____5. Have soft, long, slender and segmented e. Invertebrate


_____6. Pore-bearing animals f. Platyhelminthes

_____7. They have flatworms and have no g. Arthropods

digestive system

_____8. Animals without backbone h. Mollusks

Let’s Do More

A. Underline the correct example of a given group of invertebrates.

1. Insects (Starfish, Spider, Butterfly)
2. Arachnids (Scorpion, Squid, Leeches)
3. Crustaceans (Jellyfish, Lobster, Planaria)
4. Myriapods (Centipede, Moth, Slug)
5. Arthropods (Clams, Flukes, Dragonfly)

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B. Cross the animal which does not belong to the group.

1. Starfish Snail Sea cucumber

2. Snail Squid Sea urchin
3. Fly Spider Hookworm
4. Earthworm Leech Ascaris
5. Ascaris Hookworm Tapeworm
6. Tapeworm Fluke Ascaris
7. Jellyfish Hydra Sponge

C. Identify and give the name of the group of the following invertebrates.

Let’s Remember This

Invertebrates are animals without backbones. There are eight

subgroups or class of invertebrates: Porifera, Coelenterates,
Platyhelmintes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Echinoderms and

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Let’s Test Ourselves

Choose the letter of the correct answer.

1. Which of these animals is a mollusk?

a. Squid b. Corals c. Spiders d. Lobsters

2. All of these are arthropods EXCEPT ___________.

a. Ant b. clam c. butterfly d. centipede

3. To which group do sea urchin and starfish belong?

a. Porifera b. Arthropods c. Coelenterates d. Echinoderms

4. How are liverflukes and tapeworms similar?

a. They are flatworms.
b. They are roundworms.
c. They are long and have segmented body.
d. They have soft and hollow body.


Clam Snails Dragonfly Grasshopper

Howdo snails and clams differ from grasshoppers and dragonflies?

a. Snails and clams have hard shells while grasshoppers and

dragonflies have none.

b. Snails and clams have soft spines while grasshoppers and

dragonflies have none.

c. Snails and clams have segmented bodies while grasshoppers and

dragonflies have none.

d. Snails and clams have the same characteristics with grasshoppers

and dragonflies.

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Science Fact File

The earthworm is the most beneficial of all nematodes. The

earthworm is also called the night crawler. Earthworms are commonly
found in moist, warm soil throughout the world. They are a well-known
fishing bait, and are sometimes called fishworms or angleworms.


Earthworms contribute to the growth of plants. They help break down

the humus (decaying matter in the soil). The soil is loosened and mixed as
the earthworms burrow through the ground. They are also important food
for birds.

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Answer Key

Let’s Try This

1. b 5. h
2. d 6. g
3. c 7. e
4. f 8. a

Let’s Do This
Animals Classification Movement Descrption
1. Snails mollusks crawl Enclosed in a
2.Earthworms Annelida Crawl Soft &
segmented body
3. Lobsters Arthropods Swim With
4. Starfish Echinoderms Crawl Spiny skin
5. Jellyfish coelenterates swim Stinging cells or


1. g 5. d
2. a 6. c
3. h 7.f
4. b 8.e

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Let’s Do More
A. B.
1. butterfly 1. Snails 5. Tapeworm
2. scorpion 2. Sea urchin 6. Ascaris
3. lobster 3. Hookworm 7. Sponge
4. centipede 4. Ascaris
5. dragonfly

1. Arthropods 6. Sponges
2. Annelida 7. Mollusks
3. Nematoda 8. Echinoderm
4. Mollusks 9. Arthropods
5. Platyhelminthes 10. Coelenterates

Let’s Test Ourselves

1. a
2. b
3. d
4. a
5. a