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Types of

Communication

IT

Aviral
ICFAI Dehradun
The types of communication is broadly
divided in five parts

1. Intrapersonal communication/Auto communication


2. Interpersonal communication/Direct communication
3. Societal communication/Group communication
4. Public communication
5. Mass Communication

Intrapersonal Interpersonal Societal

Public Mass

 Intrapersonal Communication

Intrapersonal communication is a type of communication which takes place within


us. It is often used for the purposes of analysing a situation one is in and to clarify the
idea. Intrapersonal communication limits itself within the individual. One’s
relationship with oneself is as important as ones relationship with others. One’s
attitudes, feelings and thoughts about self can intervene in communication just as
one’s attitudes, feelings and thoughts about others. For example, when one is very
critical of oneself, it is harder to accept compliments from others. Intrapersonal
communication is a part of everyday life. A person can communicate to his pain,
happiness, excitement, anger, sorrow, attitude, feelings and thoughts and so on. One
of the best ways of intrapersonal communication is keeping a personal journal where
we can put our inner thoughts into words.

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 Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal communication involves a direct face to face to face relationship


between the sender and the receiver of the message. In this type of communication
feedback is shared between the source and the receiver. It is a process of exchange
of information, ideas, feelings and meaning between two or more people through
verbal and/or non-verbal methods. When one is interacting with another person with
mutual understanding, behaviour and exchanging thoughts, likes, dislikes then
interpersonal communication takes place.

Sender Receiver

Receiver Sender

 Societal communication
When two or more than two people are involved in communication it becomes a
group communication. Here the messages are exchanged by group members. It is
important because it is through messages that groups make decisions, manage
conflict and build relationship which can keep the group going in different
circumstances.

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S/R S/R

S/R S/R

 Public Communication

This type of communication involves a large group of people with a primarily one way
monologue style giving minimum feedback. Here the speaker is the main source of
communication and through him/her, message is received by a large number of audience. It
is mainly focused on speaker.

Sender/
Sender Receiver

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 Mass Communication

This type of communication is more public form between an entity and a large diverse
audience, mediated by some form of technology. There is no direct access to receiver so the
people need media like print, broadcast media, new age media etc. In this case the feedback
in minimal and also delayed, unlike other types of communication .This maybe either real
timed or on a taped-delayed basis or maybe rooted in the usually recent past. Basically,
mass communication is sending of a message to a large number of people widely separated
at different points at the same time.

Medium Sender/
Sender
Receiver
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