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A Bill is a proposal for a law, which is submitted to Parliament in the form of a draft Act. A Bill

passes through three readings in Parliament before it becomes an Act. You can find more information in the next section about how bills are prepared, and about the first, second and third reading stages of a Bill.

When a draft or proposed law has passed through three readings of Parliament and been certified by the Speaker, it becomes law and it is then called an Act of Parliament. An Act of Parliament is sometimes also referred to as a statute, law or piece of legislation. In the plural, Acts of Parliament may be referred to collectively as 'legislation'. Once an Act of Parliament has been passed, it is certified by the Speaker and is given an Act number.

Ordinances are temporary laws that are circulated by the President of India on the

laws that are circulated by the President of India on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet.
recommendation of the Union Cabinet. They can only be delivered when the Parliament is

recommendation of the Union Cabinet. They can only be delivered when the Parliament is

not in session. They enable the Indian government to take immediate legislative action.

At times, when the legislature of the Union is not in session and there is

At times, when the legislature of the Union is not in session and there is a need to make a

legislation (Act) in emergency. In such cases, the government refers a proposal to the

and there is a need to make a legislation (Act) in emergency. In such cases, the
President or Governor, and if they approve of them, it becomes an Ordinance. Legally, an

President or Governor, and if they approve of them, it becomes an Ordinance. Legally, an

ordinance is the equal to Act. It can be seen as a temporary law till its expiry or till it is

an Ordinance. Legally, an ordinance is the equal to Act. It can be seen as a

repealed or it is approved by the legislature.

Regulation is the controlling of an activity or process, usually by means of rules

A "statute" is the specific, codified statement of some law that has been approved by the

legislative body (and often endorsed by the executive body) of a government.

Norms are agreements about behavior. Within any particular community or culture they define what goodis, what rudeis, and what moraland valuableare too. They can be thought of as more or less arbitrary social constraints on acceptable actions, such as idea that men dont wear dresses. But they also encourage things we want, such as the idea that helping a stranger is a worthwhile thing to do.

CODE : Collection of laws or regulations pertaining to a specific activity or subject.OR

a system of principles or rules

CONVENTION : AGRREMENT/ CONTRACT: a general agreement about basic principles or procedures

Affidavit: a written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation, for use as evidence in court.

ACCUSED : the person who is on trial in a law court: 2. a person or people who may be guilty of a crime and who are being judged in a court of law.

Acquittal is a formal declaration in a court of law that someone who has been accused of a crime is innocent

Bail - the temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, sometimes on condition that a sum of money is lodged to guarantee their.

conviction - a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal of.

defendant : a person in a law case who is accused of having done something illegal 2. a person in a court of law who is accused of having done

evidence - the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid

plaintiff . someone who makes a legal complaint against someone else in court 2. a person who accuses someone else in a law case of having done

prosecution definition: . the act of prosecuting someone: 2. the lawyers in a court case who represent the side that accuses someone of committing a crime

prima facie definition:. at first sight (= based on what seems to be the truth when first seen or heard):

sub judice definition: . being studied or decided in a law court at the present time:

OR . a legal case that is sub judice is being studied or decided in a law court at