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Saline Water Conversion Corporation


ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

TABLE of CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION 3
1.1 SCOPE 3
1.2 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS 3
2 CODES AND STANDARDS 3
3 BASIS OF CALCULATIONS 3
3.1 POOL VOLUME 3
3.2 TURNOVER RATE 3
3.3 PUMP SIZE 4
3.4 FILTER SIZE 4
3.5 PIPEWORK (PLUMBING) 4
4 CALCULATION RESULTS 5

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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Page: 3 of 8
Saline Water Conversion Corporation
ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Scope

The scope of this report is correctly sizing the basic pool mechanical equipment required
for operating an outdoor swimming pool at housing compound station of Arafat - Taif Water
Transmission System (ATWTS).

The bases for this calculation are the technical requirements contained in the original
Tender Document QA10-G-6308 “General Specification G02 - Description Of Project And
Works Pipe laying And Construction Works” revision 1.

1.2 Reference Documents

Package of Tender/FEED Documents


QA10-G-6308 Rev. 1 Project Specification G02 - Description Of Project And Works

2 CODES and STANDARDS

The main codes and standards to be used for calculation of mechanical equipment for
outdoor swimming pool are listed below:

SBC-501 Saudi Building Code Requirements - Mechanical


SBC-701 Saudi Building Code Requirements - Sanitary
APSP The Association of Pool & SPA Professionals
ISPSC International Swimming Pool And SPA Code
IAPMO The International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials

3 BASIS OF CALCULATIONS

Sizing basic pool equipment requires great care, and all the variable factors should be
taken into account, because a small alteration in any one of them could affect all the rest of
the items.

3.1 Pool Volume


The first and single basic datum affecting the entire pool equipment calculation process is
obviously the pool water volume. Having the following dimensions:
Length = 17.5 m, Width = 9.5 m and Depth (average) = 1.4 m, then the water volume will
be 17.5 x 9.5 x 1.4 = 232.75 m3. This water volume will have to be treated and circulated in
a time period known as Turnover Rate.

3.2 Turnover Rate


Turnover rate is a factor indicating the number of hours required for circulating non-stop,
the entire pool volume water through the filtration system. Turnover rate is a factor

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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Page: 4 of 8
Saline Water Conversion Corporation
ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

indicating the number of hours required for circulating non-stop, the entire pool volume
water through the filtration system.

The entire design of matched components shall have a capacity to provide a complete
turnover of water in accordance with codes or regulations, and the manufacturer’s
instructions. Minimum turnover time shall be 6 hours for public pools.

3.3 Pump Size


Since our pool is a public one located in a housing compound for its employee, the turnover
factor applicable is 6 hours, and therefore the entire water volume should be filtered
continuously every 6 hours.

Pool Volume (m3) = Flow rate (m3/h) x Turnover rate (h)

( )
Flow rate (m3/h) = ( )
= 38.79 (m3/h)

This hourly flow rate of the pool is the first and most important basic parameter on which
the sizing of all the rest of the pool items will depend.

For filtering 38.79 m3/h a pump has to be selected, capable of pumping this volume. A
pump has to be picked to deliver this flow against a water head of not less than 10 m. This
water head is the resistance the pump has to overcome because of water friction in the
pipe and also the turbulence caused by the elbows and other PVC fittings. To pick the
pump, the Performance Curve has to be looked into. The entire pipe installation and its
routing should be designed with as few curves, elbows and bends as possible to avoid
increasing water head (pressure drop).

3.4 Filter Size


The sand filter to be chosen should be capable of filtering 38.79 m3/h. If filtration velocity is
high, the filtration cross-section area can be small, but if filtration velocity is low, we will
require a larger filtration area to enable the flow of 38.79 m3/h at that specific low velocity,
and hence the filter too will have to be large or more filters have to be installed. Low
filtration velocity obviously yields better water quality. This filtration flow rate depends
generally on the filtration medium used and the filtration velocity. The filter manufacturer
usually indicates the filtration medium to be utilised (generally consisting of single or multi
layer silica sand and/or gravel), and also the maximum filtration velocity to be applied for
that filtration medium having a normal filtration bed height of between 0.6 and 1.2 m. The
filtration velocity varies between 20 and 50 m3/h/m2 of filtration surface:

For public pools, it is advisable = 30 m3/h/m2.

3.5 Pipework (Plumbing)


PVC pipework requires for its filtration system 2 different flow velocities in its two sections,
i.e. from the pool to the pump (suction side) it should not be higher than 1.2 m/s and from
the pump back again to the pool (pressure side) via the filter between 1.8 and 2 m/s. The
use of any other type of pipe material may offer greater friction, higher head losses and in
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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Page: 5 of 8
Saline Water Conversion Corporation
ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

consequence lower water flow rate, and so a bigger pipe size would perhaps be needed to
obtain the same flow rate.

4 CALCULATION RESULTS

4.1 Pool Data

Length 17.50 m
Wide 9.50 m
Perimeter 54.00 m
Area 166.25 m2
Average Depth 1.40 m
Volume 232.75 m3
Turnover Period 6.00 h
Flow rate 38.79 m3/ h
8.81 gpm
Pump
Using 1 Pump Operating
Using 1 Pump Standby
Capacity of each pump 38.79 m3/ h
170.79 gpm
Approximate Pipe length 60 m
Static Head 4 m
Residual Head 5 m
Filter Head Loss 5 m
Friction Head Loss 4.94 m
Pump Head 18.94 m
Pump Efficiency 0.45 %
Approx. Pump Power 4.45 kW
6.00 HP
Filter
Number of Filters 2.00
Service factor 1.25
Flow rate per each filter 24.24 m3/ h
106.75 gpm
Filtration speed 30.00 m3/ h /m2
Filtration Area 0.81 m2
Filter Diameter 1.02 m
40.16 inch

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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Page: 6 of 8
Saline Water Conversion Corporation
ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

Backwash time 5.00 min


Backwash per each filter 24.24 m3/ h

Balancing Tank
Bathers Water displacement 41 liters/m2
1.01 gallons/ft2
Total water displaced 6.82 m3
Backwash volume 4.04 m3
Evaporation rate 10.00 mm/m2
Evaporation volume 1.66 m3
Safety Factor 1.20
Tank Effective volume 15.02 m3
Tank Height 3.00 m
Tank Area 5.01 m2
Make-Up Water period 1.00 h
Make-Up Water flow rate 15.02 m3/ h
Water Velocity 1.50 m/s
4.92 ft/s
Make-Up Water pipe diameter 59.51 mm

Gutter Drains
Number of gutter drains
Case 1
Based on MFG recommendation
Outside diameter 63.00 mm
Gutter Drain flow rate 5.00 m3/ h
Number of inlets 8
Case 2
Based on ASPE Code - Inlet spacing
Maximum Distance between gutters 3.80 m
Pool Perimeter 54.00 m
Number of gutter drains 15

Gutter Drains Pipe Main Branches


Number of gutter drains 15.00 1.00 No.
Flow rate per each gutter drain 2.59 2.59 m3/ h
Total Water flow rate 38.79 2.59 m3/ h
Pipe slope (S) 0.0104 0.0104 m/m
Pipe Percent Flowing 1.00 1.00 %
Manning coefficient of roughness (n) 0.009 0.009 PVC
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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Page: 7 of 8
Saline Water Conversion Corporation
ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

Main pipe inside diameter 110.23 39.93 mm

Main Drains
Based on ASPE Code
Maximum distance between main drains 3.60 9.50 m
Maximum distance from corner 1.80 4.60 m
Number of main drains 3.00 1.00 No.

Main Drain Pipe Main Branches


Number of main drains 3.00 1.00 No.
Flow rate per each main drain 12.93 12.93 m3/ h
Total Water flow rate 38.79 12.93 m3/ h
Pipe slope (S) 0.0104 0.0104 m/m
Pipe Percent Flowing 1.00 1.00 %
Manning coefficient of roughness (n) 0.009 0.009 PVC
Main pipe inside diameter 110.23 73.01 mm

Inlet Fittings
Number of inlet fittings
Case 1
Based on MFG recommendation
Outside diameter (mm) 50 40
Inlet flow (m3/ h ) 5.00 3.00
Number of inlets 8 13
Case 2
Based on ASPE Code - Inlet spacing
Distance between inlets 6.00 m
1.50 m
Number of inlets 10
Case 3
Based on ASPE Code - Volume Method
One (1) inlet per 20.00 m3
Nubmer of inlets 12
Based on ASPE Code - Area Method
One (1) inlet per 25.00 m2
Number of inlets 7
Case 4
Based on ASPE Code
One (1) inlet per 37.85 m3

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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Page: 8 of 8
Saline Water Conversion Corporation
ARAFAT-TAIF WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Spec. No.
Subject: SWIMMING POOL MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CALCULATION
KHATIB & ALAMI
Revision

First Rev. A Document Number


Index

Issue Date 11.11.2019 59-QC10-J-001

Number of inlets 7

Inlet Pipe Main Branches


Number of inlets 14.00 2.00 No.
Flow rate per each inlet 2.77 2.77 m3/ h
Total Water flow rate 38.79 5.54 m3/ h
Water Velocity 1.50 1.50 m/s
4.92 4.92 ft/s
Main pipe inside diameter 95.64 36.15 mm
Hazen roughness constant 150 150
Friction head loss per 100 meter 2.088 6.498
Pipe length 60.00 20 m
Friction head loss 1.26 1.30 m

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IBK/TEMELSU MAPA CONSTRUCTION & TRADE Co. Inc.