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Dated: 12/03/2018 Day: Monday

How to make the schools Better?

To make the schools better there must be a link among:
 Teacher
 Parents
 Nobles ( Samaji Karkun)
For this purpose, School Council (SC) works to develop the link among teacher, parents and
The old name of School Council (SC) was School Management Committee (SMC).
Purpose of School Council (SC):

 Generate funds for school

 Enhance School Enrollment
 Ensure the Quality Education
 Ensure the Conducive Environment
 Ensure the Co-Curricular Activities in Schools
 Development of Schools
 Beautiful and Well-Decorated Schools
 Well Furnished Classrooms
 Science Labs
 Library
Formation / Structure of School Council (SC):
The total number of the members of School Council (SC) should be odd ranging from 7 to
i.e. 7 or 9 or 11 or 13 or 15 or 17
Minimum no. of members of School Council = 7 ( Seven )
Maximum no. of members of School Council = 17 ( Seventeen )
In the School Council the parents should be 2/3 of the total number of members of the
School Council.
For Example:
Total no. of members of School Council = 9
Then, parents = 6 (i.e. 2/3 of 9)
Teacher = 1
Nobles (Social Workers / Retired Civil Servant) = 2
Dated: 12/03/2018 Day: Monday

Notification for School Council:

 For High School notification is done by DEO ( Secondary Education)
 For Primary School notification is done by AEO
Type of Funds for Schools:
There are two types of funds:
1. F.T.F ( Faroge Taleem Fund )
2. N.S.B ( Non-Salary Budget )
1. F.T.F (Faroge Taleem Fund):
F.T.F (Faroge Taleem Fund) is given to school in four installments after every 3 months in a
2. N.S.B (Non-Salary Budget):
Every student of school except (one Class) pays 20 rupees every month which is called Non-
Salary Budget. This fund is submitted in Bank and used when required.
Role of School Council in Funds:
The School Council arranges the donation in the case if the F.T.F and N.S.B both the funds
are less than the school requirements.
Dated: 12/03/2018 Day: Monday

The School Development Plan:

The first important thing in the development of school is Need Base Assessment (N.B.A).
Need base Assessment (N.B.A):
The principal of the school make a list of the things that are required or necessary for the
development of the school, this is known as Need Base Assessment (N.B.A).

 Construction of school
 Furnishing of school
 Gardening
 Uniforms for students
 Books or copies for students
 Bags for students
 Security Needs ( Metal Detector & Walk through Gates)
 Basic Needs (Toilets, hygienic water etc.)
After making the list the principal make the priorities according to the basic needs and this is
called School Development Plan (SDP).

Benefits of Sports:
 Unity
 Planning
 Physical Strength
 Team Work Development
 Motivation
 Competition
 Tolerance
 Discipline
 Better Management
 Confidence
 Appreciation (Moral Support)
 Leader-Ship
 Positivity
 Awareness of Skills
 Friendship (Develops better Relationships)
 Sportsmanship
Dated: 13/03/2018 Day: Tuesday

Physical Training:
In 1997 a theory was introduced about physical training and its impact on education.
Then in 2000 World Education Forum (WEF) introduced Dakar Framework for Action.

Four Pillars of education:

There are four pillars of education:
i. Learning to know (Developing Reasoning)
ii. Learning to Be (Enhancing Agency)
iii. Learning to live together (Building Potential through Social)
iv. Learning to Do (Functioning & Capabilities)

Components of Life Skills:

i. Problem Solving
ii. Decision Making
iii. Critical Thinking
iv. Communication Skills
v. Self-Awareness
vi. Stress Management
vii. Emphatic
viii. Interpersonal Relation
Dated: 14/03/2018 Day: Wednesday

Different Kinds of Activities:

ix. Role Play Activity
x. Hot Seat Activity (A one Student gives the recap of lesson & other students can
questions to him)
xi. Individual Activity
xii. Ability Base Learning Activity/Board race Activity (Make groups of students &
perform activity)
xiii. Ball Throw Activity
xiv. Onion Ring Activity
xv. Word Tennis Activity
xvi. Hangman Activity

Curriculum (2006):
1. Old Curriculum:
 Curriculum Activities
 Extra-Curricular Activities

2. New Curriculum:
 Curriculum Activities
 Co-Curricular Activities

Curricular Activities + Co-Curricular Activities = Curriculum

Dated: 15/03/2018 Day: Thursday

National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST’s):

There are total ten National Professional Standards for Teachers, from which nine standards
are compulsory and one is optional.
i. Subject Matter Knowledge
ii. Human Development & Growth
iii. Knowledge of Islamic/Ethical values
iv. Instructional Technology (Teaching Method)
v. Assessment (Test/Quiz etc.)
vi. Learning Environment
vii. Effective Communication & Proficient use of ICT
viii. Collaboration & Partnership
ix. Continuous Professional Development (CPD)
x. Teaching of English as second Language (Optional Standard for NPST)

Item Development:
 Learning (Test of Learning)
 Self-Assessment
After the completion of every lesson, teacher will ask four questions.
 One Question (for Genius Students)
 Two Questions (For Average Students)
 One Question (For Below Average Students)

 If you achieved only 25% SLO’s, then you have to repeat lesson and change the
method of teaching or technique/activity.
 If you achieved 50% SLO’s, then it is OK.
 If you achieved 75% SLO’s, then it is good.

Teacher Lesson Plan Register:

Date SLO’s Activity Assessment Feedback/reflection Head
(Teacher (Teacher Teacher
Guide Page Guide Page (Sign)
No. & No. &
Activity Question
No.) No.)

 A teacher has to achieve the 6 or 7 SLO’s in a month. And a test is taken every
month to check the student performance (SLO’s based).
Dated: 16/03/2018 Day: Friday

Test Division:
 Measurement (Quantitative Test)
 Assessment (Qualitative test)

Low Cost/No Cost:

Low Cost means to prepare different attractive/good things by using the things with low
No Cost means to prepare different attractive/good things by recycling different things
without any cost.
Dated: 17/03/2018 Day: Saturday

Multi-Grade Teaching:
In multi-grade teaching a teacher teaches the students of different grades at a same time.
e.g. If a teacher teaches students of grade-3, grade-4, grade-5 at a same time, it is said to be
multi-grade teaching.

Challenges for Multi-Grade Teaching:

 Lack of resources/ ill Equipped
 Time Management
 Textbook/Curriculum problem
 Lack of Assessment
 Achievement of SLO’s in a multi-grade teaching is big challenge.
 Different students of different ages.

Teaching & Learning Strategies:

 Friendly Environment
 Proper Time Management
 Proper Discipline
 Whole Class Teaching (through C.R / G.R)
 Group Teaching
 Self-Directed teaching (Assignment/Test/Quiz)

Homework (Introduction and its Types):

A task assigned to students for home by teacher, is called homework.
Objectives of Homework:
 To enhance the performance
 Concepts Clearance
 Improvement of Knowledge
 Practice
 Education Development
Types of Homework:
 Finishing off
 Practice
 Planned Task
 Self-Education Work