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H2S & Total Sulfur

Analyzers
Galvanic
Applied H2S and Total Sulfur
Sciences Inc. Using Lead Acetate
Galvanic is a technology
company who manufactures The lead acetate tape method for the detection of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in gaseous
lead acetate tape and sulfur streams is based on the established principle that H2S reacts specifically with lead acetate
chemiluminescence analyzers. to form a lead sulfide brown stain. The concentration of H2S is directly proportional to the
In addition we produce BTU, rate of change of staining on the lead acetate tape. This principle is the basis for a number
TCD chromatograph systems
of ASTM methods. It is by far the most reliable and simple way to measure H2S in process.
and flow automation products.
H2S + Pb ➔ PbS + H2O
The analyzer moves the treated paper tape one section at a time. Depending on the
sample concentration, the tape will begin to darken at a rate proportional to the
concentration of H2S in the sample stream. The analyzer exposes a fresh section of tape to
the sample inside the sample chamber every 3-4 minutes.

GASI Analyzers are designed with the following in mind:


• Low maintenance
• Extended tape life
• Fast speed of response
• Low power consumption
• Optional total sulfur measurement

The lead acetate series of analyzers


are third generation systems
designed to meet
increasing demands for
low level measurement in
processes and laboratories.

Tape Transport System


801 and 902 analyzers use a common tape chassis unit. It is designed to handle up to
350 feet of lead acetate tape. The
stepper motor advances the tape

Our on microprocessor command. In


the explosion proof models, the

Company... motor is located in an explosion


proof box, and connected via a
provides solutions through shaft through an explosion proof
innovative equipment and coupler. The shaft is fitted with a
design. We are committed to universal coupler to reduce
customer satisfaction and full alignment related problems. In the
field service. general purpose unit, the motor is
mounted inside the chassis.
Sample Chamber Assembly
The Sample Chamber
has a removable
aperture that can be
changed for various
SENSOR ASSY.
gas concentrations.
COMPRESSION
Typically, the higher the BLOCKS
gas concentration to be
measured, the
smaller the aperture. SAMPLE
This aperture restricts SAMPLE IN
the amount of H2S OUT
reacting on the
tape. The photo SENSOR
BLOCK
detector is a silicon
photo diode that
converts the darkness to an
electric signal amplified at the sensor
board to a 0 to 250 millivolt signal. This signal is scaled at the
microprocessor. The system uses a single light emitting diode
(red) as a light source to illuminate the tape. ELECTRONICS
CONNECTOR FROM
801/902 ANALYZER
Sample Chamber / Sensor Block Assembly

Calibration
The system is self zeroing at every tape advance, therefore calibration is only required every 3-4 months.
The units can be calibrated manually or automatically with an optional “autocal” solenoid.

Four types of calibration procedures are available:


1. Analyzer Zero: potentiometer adjusting of the sensor balance (self adjusting on 902 series) note: the analyzer reading is
zeroed every cycle (3-4 min) since the measurement is based on rate of change.
2. Manual Span Calibration: applying a known gas reference to the analyzer and manually adjusting the gain factor.
3. Manual Calibration with Auto Gain Adjustments: applying a known reference to the analyzer. The analyzer then calculates
the gain factor internally.
4. Auto Calibration: a known gas sample is continuously connected to the calibration inlet port and measured on a user
programmed time period. The analyzer automatically calibrates to the known sample.

H2S or COS in a N2 background provides the most stable and convenient calibration source. It is normally recommended to
calibrate the analyzer at 60-80% of scale or close to the most critical value such as the alarm limit. Disposable and refillable
bottles are available from most laboratory gas suppliers.
801 Series
H2S
Analyzers

Model 801XP

Model 801D2

Measurements
• Natural gas
• LPGs
• Refinery gas
• Chemical feedstock There are 5 models to choose from, 801XP, 801D2, 801W, 801 Lab and 801P portable. All
• Emission monitoring of these units use the same electronics platform.

Applications The 801 series are low cost, microprocessor based H2S lead acetate tape analyzers. The
• Refinery optics, mechanical system, digital electronics and software all combine to fully utilize the inherent
• Gas processing facilities strengths of the lead acetate methodology.
• Fertilizer plants
• Selective to H2S only without interferences of any kind
Features • Sensitive to parts per billion (ppb) or parts per million (ppm)
• 30 to 60 day tape life
The 801 was designed for high reliability, low maintenance operation.
• Simplified tape drive
• Low power consumption • The Optical System is composed of a • The tape drive assembly uses a
solid state light source (LED) and silicon digitally controlled stepper motor directly
Benefits photo-diode detectors. driving the tape, eliminating complex
• High reliability • The software performs diagnostic checks drive systems.
• Low maintenance on startup and during operation. • Low power electronics can operate from
operation • Simple operation allows non-technical batteries or solar power.
• Low cost personnel to operate the 801. • Automatic calibration is optional.
Model
801W
H2S
Analyzer

The 801W is a wall mounted unit in a Nema 4X enclosure suitable for DIV 2 areas.
It has a front mounted tape drive assembly.

It is a low cost, microprocessor based H2S analyzer using the principle of lead acetate
tape. This time proven method is superior to other technologies for ppm level H2S
measurement in natural gas or LPG. The optics, mechanical system, digital electronics and
software all combine to fully utilize the inherent strengths of the lead acetate methodology.

• Selective to H2S only without interferences of any kind


• Sensitive to parts per billion (ppb) or parts per million (ppm)

The 801W was designed for high reliability, low maintenance operation.

• The optical system is composed of a • Automatic compensation eliminates


solid state light source (LED) and silicon zero drift.
photo-diode detectors. • Simple operation allows non-technical
• The software performs diagnostic personnel to operate the 801W.
checks on startup and during operation. • Low power electronics can operate
• The tape drive assembly uses a digitally from batteries or solar power.
controlled stepper motor directly driving
the tape, eliminating complex drive
systems.

Measurements
• Natural gas
• Fuel gas
• Sewage

Features Handheld keypad for operator input


• 300 foot tape such as calibration, configuration,
• Nema / wall mount or system monitoring.
Model
801P
Portable H2S
Analyzer

Measurements The 801P portable is a low cost microprocessor based H2S Analyzer using the principle of
• Natural gas lead acetate tape. The 801P portable is designed for temporary service. It has a 100 foot
• LPGs tape and internal batteries; 12-32 VDC power or AC adapter.
• Refinery gas
• Chemical feedstock • Selective to H2S only without interferences of any kind
• Emission monitoring • Sensitive to parts per billion (ppb) or parts per million (ppm)

The 801P portable was designed for high reliability, low maintenance operation.
Applications
• Refinery
• Gas processing facilities
• Fertilizer plants • The Optical System is composed of a • Spill proof humidifier allows for easy
solid state light source (LED) and silicon transportation without draining acetic
Features photo-diode detectors. acid.
• Durable construction • The software performs diagnostic • Rugged construction allows the
• Spill proof humidifier checks on startup and during 801P portable to operate in the field.
• A solid state light source operation. • Low power electronics can operate
and silicon photo-diode • The tape drive assembly uses a from the internal batteries, 12–32 VDC
detectors digitally controlled stepper motor power or AC adapter.
directly driving the tape, eliminating the • Ideal for spot checks on production
Benefits need for complex drive systems. facilities.
• Low cost • Simple operation allows non-technical
• Reliable personnel to operate the 801P
• Accurate portable.
Model The 801 Lab is a
microprocessor

801 Lab based H2S analyzer


based on the
principle of lead

H2S / Total acetate tape. This


time proven method
is superior to other
Sulfur technologies for
ppm level H2S
measurement in
natural gas or LPGs. The optics, mechanical
system, digital electronics and software all combine to
fully utilize the inherent strengths of lead acetate methodology.

• Selective to H2S only without interferences of any kind


• Sensitive to parts per billion (ppb) or parts per million (ppm)

The 801Lab was designed for high reliability, low maintenance operation.
• The Optical System is composed of a solid • Automatic compensation eliminates zero
state light source (LED) and silicon photo- drift.
diode detectors. • Simple operation allows non-technical
• The software performs diagnostic checks personnel to operate the 801.
on startup and during operation. • Low power electronics can operate from
• The tape drive assembly uses a digitally the internal batteries, 12–32 VDC power
controlled stepper motor directly driving the or AC adapter.
tape, eliminating the need for complex • Ideal for spot checks on production
Measurements drive systems. facilities.
• Natural gas
• LPGs
• Refinery gas
• Chemical feedstock
• Emission monitoring Total Sulfur Option
Applications The Optional Total Sulfur System measures total
• Refinery sulfur by hydrogenation, allowing a standard
• Gas processing facilities Galvanic Applied Sciences Model 801Lab H2S
• Fertilizer plants Analyzer to measure Total Sulfur concentration.

The sample is mixed with a hydrogen stream. The sample and hydrogen are heated
Features
together at approximately 900°C. At this temperature in the presence of hydrogen all sulfur
• 30 to 60 day tape life
compounds will be converted to H2S. Also, hydrocarbons heavier than methane will be
• Simplified tape drive
cracked to methane.
• Low power consumption
Examples of the sulfur reaction are: Ethyl Sulfide
Benefits (CH3)2S + 2H2 ➔ H2S + 2C1H4
• High reliability COS + 4H2 ➔ H2S + C1H4 + H2O 900°C
900°C
• Low maintenance
Carbonyl Sulfide Methyl Sulfide: Example of Cracking
operation
• Low cost (C2H5)2S + 4H2 ➔ H2S + 4C1H4 C4H10 + 2H2 ➔ 4C1H4
900°C 900°C
Model The model 902 H2S Analyzer
from Galvanic Applied Sciences

902 Inc. is designed to measure H2S


in gaseous streams. The 902
detection system is based on the

H2S / Total lead acetate tape method. With


the optional total sulfur furnace,
the unit can measure alternate
Sulfur readings between H2S and total
sulfur. The 902 is capable of

Analyzer measuring up to eight streams.

The 902 is designed for


simplicity of operation, with
advanced features. Dual 4-20
milliamp outputs are standard.
An optional Modbus
communications card
is available.

Calibration is automatic* and


can be initiated remotely, at the
Measurements keypad or at timed intervals. The
• Natural gas unit, when fitted with the Total
• LPGs Sulfur option, allows Total Sulfur
• Refinery gas and H2S to be measured with
• Chemical feedstock one analyzer. The system can be
• Chemical manufacturing calibrated with a bottled
• Emission monitoring standard containing H2S in N2.

Applications
• Refinery
The 902 is the most advanced tape
• Gas processing facilities
• Fertilizer plants analyzer on the market offering:
• Windows based GUI software for configuration/monitoring

Features • Modem connection option


• Solid state photo diode • Modbus Communication RS232 and RS432
detector and light source • 8 stream capability with dual mode (H2S & Total Sulfur)
• Automatic sensor balance
• Dual range with automatic switchover
• Simplified direct tape drive
• Up to 16 analog outputs available with optional serial card
• Automatic calibration feature
Benefits
• Simple operation / • Automatic reference gas feature
low maintenance • Extended memory for event, maximum, and hourly, daily average archives
• Fast response
• Low cost
*Galvanic Applied Sciences can add a solenoid to automatically calibrate the 902
• Accuracy
analyzer at a specified interval
Software
A Windows based GUI
complete with help files is
standard with our 902
analyzer. This allows the
full use of data
manipulation and report
generation functions via
the modbus port.

The package provides


easy configuration via
laptop and downloading
capability, as well as real
time monitoring.

The system can be


accessed via an
RS232 modem.

Total Sulfur
Pr. Relief
Sample In

Option Cal In

The addition of a hydrogenation reaction


Vent

furnace allows a standard Galvanic Applied


Sciences Model 902 H2S Analyzer to measure H2 In

Total Sulfur concentration.

The sample is mixed with a hydrogen stream


and heated to approximately 900°C. At this
temperature in the presence of hydrogen all
sulfur compounds will be converted to H2S. Also,
Total Sulfur
any hydrocarbon heavier than methane will be
cracked to form methane.

Examples of the sulfur reaction are:

Ethyl Sulfide
COS + 4H2 ➔ H2S + C1H4 + H2O (CH3)2S + 2H2 ➔ H2S + 2C1H4
900°C
900°C

Carbonyl Sulfide Methyl Sulfide: Example of Cracking


(C2H5)2S + 4H2 ➔ H2S + 4C1H4 C4H10 + 2H2 ➔ 4C1H4
900°C 900°C
Range Our lead acetate tape analyzers are usually limited to a maximum 50 ppm H2S
concentration at around 100 cc/min sample flow. Galvanic Applied Sciences Inc.
offers three types of sample dilution schemes to allow analyzers to measure higher

Extension concentrations up to 100% H2S. These dilution systems can be mounted at the
analyzer or near the sample point to avoid bringing high concentration H2S or
other sulfurs near the analyzer.

Systems Permeable Membrane Dilution


A permeation dilution device (PDD) consists of two chambers formed within a cylindrical
housing by a permeable membrane. The membrane blocks particulates and mist droplets,
while allowing only gas or volatile components to transfer into a clean dry carrier gas or
liquid sweeping the opposite side of the Legend:
3V - 3-Way Valve
BV - Block Valve
membrane. Compounds such as H2S permeate DIL - Dilution Cell
ED - Eductor 902
F- Filter Analyzer
the membrane at a known rate, proportional to FM- Flow Meter
NV- Needle Valve
ED
Vent
PI- Pressure Indicator
concentration over a given area. The size of the PR- Pressure Regulator

membrane can be designed to provide a ratio PR PI


Dilution Gas N2
between the input and output concentration as FM

DIL
low as 10:1 and up to 10,000:1. These systems PI 3V
BV PR Purge
have proven to be very reliable and stable over Sample
F

time with very little temperature dependency. NV

Calibration

Injection Valve Dilution


The injection valve dilution GASI uses employs a chromatograph valve to inject a small
amount of sample at preset intervals into a clean dry carrier gas. The unit is a pure volume
device and the dilution ratio can be adjusted over a wide range by changing a
combination of injection time and injection volume. In Vent

order to provide a smooth reading, the injection time PL


Sample In
should be 30-60 sec. The injection volumes can vary Actuation

from .5 microliter to .5 cc. The dilution factor is a


calculation of volume of injection multiplied by the PL
To Analyzer

number per minute divided by the dilutant flow Carrier Gas


Deenergized
Energized
(typically 150 cc/minute).

This dilution method can be used in front of the total sulfur analyzer for H2S. Permeable
membrane devices must be installed after the total sulfur oven to function properly and
independently.

Flow Meter Dilution Typical


801 or 902
Analyzer
Vent

Flow Meter Flow Meter


0-3080 0-51
Flow meter dilution uses the combined cc/min cc/min Optional
0-2400
cc/min

flow from two flow meters for sample Headline

and carrier to the analyzer. A dilution Filter/Reg


Set @ 25 psig

ratio is proportional to the flow in each Instr Air


Optional
meter. A dilution ratio greater than F GO PR-1
Sample In
0-25 psig
10:1 is not recommended.

Custom Systems
GASI can supply custom designs and field commissioning for their systems. Complete
analyzer shelters, data acquisition, and sample conditioning panels are part of a total
solution integration to the user.
Lead
Acetate
Tape

Our controlled plant environment ensures top quality in our lead acetate
tapes.

Our automated process and constant quality checks ensure consistent


product. All our tapes are cleaned after treatment to minimize problems
caused by paper dust. We can customize our tapes up to three
hundred and fifty feet. Analyzers run cleaner and smoother with our
tape.

• No interferences
• Colourless reactants
• Sensitivity to ppb
• Linear response

Standard lengths are Part #


100 ft (standard core) CO0081
100 ft (801P small core) CO1704
250 ft CO1460
300 ft CO0329
• H2S specific 350 ft CO1693
• No interferences
• Colourless reactants
• Sensitivity in ppb
• Linear response

• Quality control
• Low cost
• Customized length
Specifications
902 801
Range 0-100 ppb to 0-50 ppm 0-100 ppb to 0-50 ppm
50 pm to 100% (1) 50 pm to 100% (1)

Streams 1 Standard Plus Calibration 1 Standard Plus Calibration


Up to 8 Optional

Total Sulfur Optional Optional

Electrical Class 1, Div II, Standard Class 1, Div II


Note: All systems are CSA* Group B,C,D, Optional: Group B,C,D
certified or special accepted Class I, Div I, Group. C&D Standard
Optional Class 1, Div I, Group C,D
Class 1, Div I, Group B Optional

Linearity ±2% of full scale ±2% of full scale

Repeatability ±2% of full scale ±2% of full scale

Ambient 40-120°F 40-120°F

Zero Drift None None

Response Time 3 minutes to 90% 3 minutes to 90%


10 second response to 10 second response to
over range over range

Tape Life 4-8 weeks depending 4-8 weeks depending


on application on application

Power Consumption 10 Watts @ 24 VDC or 120 VAC 60 Hz 3 Watts

Outputs 2 isolated 4–20 ma scaled 4-20 milliamp linear


to range High-High alarm relay
6 relay contact (SPDT High alarm relay
5 amps, 250 VAC max) Trouble relay
1 Solenoid driver (120 VAC Solenoid driver
max @ 2 amps) Calibration
Optional: 1 Modbus RS232 communication card

Electronic Hardware 87 C530 Microprocessor @ 24 MHz 16 Bit A/D complete with low pass and
16 bit A/D slew rate filters
128 KB RAM 64K Eprom
64K ROM 32K, 8 KB E2PROM RAM
16 Bit Analog Out 1-12 Bit Analog Out (4-20)
(4-20 ma) Electronic calibration every cycle
Handheld keypad interface Handheld keypad interface

Contact Inputs Remote initiation of Remote initiation of


calibration • Over fail calibration • Over fail
Low pressure • Low tape Low pressure • Low tape

Dimensions 28”Hx16”Wx16”D 28”Hx16”Wx16”D

Weight 40 pounds (XP version 80 lbs) 30 lbs pounds (XP version 40 lbs)

(1) Note: Require range extension sample system *Canadian Standards Association
Specifications
801Lab 801P 801W
0-100 ppb to 0-50 ppm 0-100 ppb to 0-50 ppm 0-100 ppb to 0-50 ppm Range
50 pm to 100% (1) 50 pm to 100% (1) 50 pm to 100% (1)

1 Standard Plus Calibration 1 Standard Plus Calibration 1 Standard Plus Calibration Streams

Optional N/A N/A Total Sulfur

General Purpose General Purpose Class 1, Div II Electrical


Group B, C,D Note: All systems are CSA*
certified or special
accepted

±2% of full scale ±2% of full scale ±2% of full scale Linearity

±2% of full scale ±2% of full scale ±2% of full scale Repeatability

40-120°F 40-120°F 40-120°F Ambient

None None None Zero Drift

3 minutes to 90% 3 minutes to 90% 3 minutes to 90% Response Time


10 second response to 10 second response to 10 second response to
over range over range over range

4-8 weeks depending 2 weeks depending 4-8 weeks depending Tape Life
on application on application on application

3 Watts 3 Watts 3 Watts Power Consumption

4-20 milliamp linear 4-20 milliamp linear 4-20 milliamp linear Outputs
High-High alarm relay High-High alarm relay High-High alarm relay
High alarm relay High alarm relay High alarm relay
Trouble relay Trouble relay Trouble relay
Solenoid driver Solenoid driver Solenoid driver
Calibration Calibration Calibration

64K Eprom 64K Eprom 64K Eprom Electronic Hardware


32K, 8 KB E2PROM RAM 32K, 8 KB E2PROM RAM 32K, 8 KB E2PROM RAM
1-12 Bit Analog Out (4-20) 1-12 Bit Analog Out (4-20) 1-12 Bit Analog Out (4-20)

Remote initiation of Remote initiation of Remote initiation of Contact Inputs


calibration • Over fail calibration • Over fail calibration • Over fail
Low pressure • Low tape Low pressure • Low tape Low pressure • Low tape

20.5”Wx12”Hx10.5”D 16”Hx16”Wx8”D 16”Hx16”Wx8”D Dimensions

20 pounds 16 pounds 15 pounds Weight

(1) Note: Require range extension sample system *Canadian Standards Association
12.4" 6.3" 8.4" 12.5"

Sample In
18.5"
16.0"

16.0"
18.5"
24.7"
24.7"

Vent
801W
801GP
7.0"

12.4" 11.2" 14.0"


12.5"

12.5"
23.9"

23.9"

1.3"
10.5" 6.0"

801P

801XP

20.5" 12.6"
11.2"
11.8"

BUBBLER HUMIDIFIER
FILL TO LINE WITH 5 PERCENT
ACETIC ACID & DIST. WATER

801Lab
30.0"
15.0" 27.0"
9.0" 6.0"

Sample In

PI.

PR.

Cal In

Vent
Pressure
Relief
36.0"

40.0"
36.0"
33.0"
46.7"

H2 In

902TS

12.4" 13.7"

12.4"
32.4"

12.0" 9.8"

902GP 902XP
Represented by Distributed by

Head Office: Bay 6, 6325 - 12th Street S.E.


Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2H 2K1
Telephone: 403-252-8470
Fax: 403-255-6287

Houston Office: 13211K Windfern Boulevard


Houston, Texas, U.S.A. 77064
Telephone: 281 477-9002
Fax: 281-477-9004

www:galvanic.ab.ca
Email: info@galvanic.ab.ca