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Mariano Marcos State University

GRADUATE SCHOOL

CHRISTOPHER A. TAMBOGON
JEAIA A. ARIGUIN
MAEd-Chemistry

EXPERIMENT # _______
pH Measurement

A. Objectives
 To measure the pH level of various solutions using pH paper and pH meter.
 To graph pH standard curve of an acid and base.
 To interpret and analyze the graph of pH standard curve of acid and base solution.

B. Materials
 50 mL beaker  pH meter
 Volumetric flask  1M HCl
 pipette  1M NaOH
 pH paper  Distilled water

C. Procedures

2.5 mL aliquot dilute with dist. H2O 2.5 mL aliquot dilute with dist. H2O 2.5 mL aliquot
1M HCl
up to the mark & shake up to the mark & shake

dilute with dist. H2O


up to the mark & shake
read pH read pH

dilute with dist. H2O 2.5 mL aliquot


2.5 mL aliquot dilute with dist. H2O
up to the mark & shake up to the mark & shake

read pH read pH
read pH

D. Data, Results and Analysis

Table 1. pH measurement of acidic solutions


ACID
Solutions pH paper pH meter
1 1 1.015
2 2 2.025
3 3 3.026
4 4 4.597
5 5 5.012

Table 1 presents the pH measurements of acidic solutions. It shows that there is a decreasing in
acidity of the solutions.
Table 2. pH measurement of basic solutions
BASE
Solutions pH paper pH meter
1 13 13
2 12 12.09
3 11 11.05
4 10 10.25
5 9 9.8

Table 2 presents the pH measurements of basic solutions. It shows that there is a decreasing in
basicity of the solutions.

ACID-BASE pH LEVEL
15
THEORETICAL pH

10

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
ph ACTUAL pH
meter

The graph above shows that there is a significant difference between the theoretical pH and its
actual pH. This difference is due to some experimental errors and helps with identification of samples
where they might have been some procedural mistakes.

E. Conclusions

 In measuring pH levels of a certain solution, we can use pH paper and pH meter. The pH meter is far
more accurate compared to a pH paper. There is no doubt in this. In a pH meter results are obtained
and analyzed within the set ranges according to the set standards. The pH paper will only allow one
to know whether the solution is basic or acidic but will not tell the degree of acidity or alkalinity.

 The lower the pH value, the more acidic the solution; the higher the pH value, the more basic the
solution. Basic solutions are also called alkaline solutions. It should be noted that the pH scale does
extend beyond 0 and 14. Strong laboratory acids typically have pH values less than 0 (negative pH
values) and strong laboratory bases typically have pH values greater than 14. Thus, they are
considerably more dangerous.