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Nichaella R.

Biscocho October 4, 2019

Learning Plan in Grade 8- SCIENCE
For Science High school

I. Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:

1. Describe the value of organisms;

2. Determine the threats to biodiversity, and;

3. Appreciate the value of biodiversity.

II. Subject Matter

Topic: Lesson 8: Importance of Biodiversity

References: Adea, E. B., et al., 2003. Science and Technology II. Pg. 326-333.

Nonato, G. et al., 2003. Science and Technology I. pg. 369-380.

Materials: Illustration/pictures, computer, LCD, white board marker and white board.

Strategies: Deductive, inductive, group work, reportorial & recitation.

Values Infusion: Appreciation of the values of biodiversity.

Build the spirit of group cooperation.

III. Procedure Learning Activities

A. Daily Routine
Teacher’s Activity Students’ Activity

Good morning class! Good morning Sir!

Pls. stand up and let us pray. (The students will stand, and the prayer
leader of the day will lead a prayer)

(After the prayer) Pls. arrange your (The students will arrange their chair and sit
chairs and sit properly. properly).

-Checking of Attendance

I will now check your attendance. Say Yes Sir!

present when I call your names.

(The teacher will check the attendance) (The students will response when their
names will be called).
Okay, let’s review our past lesson.

B. Review

Yesterday we had discussed the meaning Yes Sir!

of biodiversity and its levels. Did you
remember the meaning of biodiversity?
Who can define biodiversity? (The students will raise their hands.)

Gerly, pls. define biodiversity. Sir, biodiversity refers to all forms of life.

Very good! Now, who can give me the (The students will raise their hands).
three levels of biodiversity?
Arnel, pls. enumerate the three levels of Sir, the three levels of biodiversity are genetic,
biodiversity. species and ecosystem diversity.

Excellent! I am glad that you still

remember our previous lesson.
Did you read your assignment? Yes Sir.

Good. Are you ready for our new lesson? Yes Sir! We are ready.

C. Motivation

Class I will show you pictures of different (The students will do so).
organisms. I will give you three (3)
minutes to study these pictures. (The
teacher will show pictures of different
organisms on screen.).
Before we proceed to our next lesson, I (The students will count and form a group).
will divide you into three groups. (The
teacher will group the class by counting
off. The students that have the same
number will form one group.)
Now, pls. write all the importance of all Yes Sir!
organisms that are being reflected on the
screen. I will give you three (3) minutes to
finish what is being written there. Is that

D. Presentation of the Lesson

After doing the activity, what do you think The students from different groups will answer:
our lesson for today? - Sir importance of plants, animals, fungi,
bacteria and protists.

Yes! Our lesson for today is about the

importance of the organisms that you
have mentioned and that is the
Each group will present their output. You Yes Sir!
will share your ideas with your

E. Lesson Proper

Who wants to report first? (Each group representative will raise their

The Group 1 will share their output first. Classmates we have identified the importance of
(The teacher will write on the board the different organisms. Plants provide food to us,
importance of every organism mentioned ) animals like insects serves as pollinators,
seaweeds serve as food,

Very good! Let’s give them three claps. (The representative of each group will raise their
Who is the next reporter? hands.)

Malou please share the output of your Classmates, our group identified the following
group. importance of the organisms that were shown
(The teacher will write on the board the on the screen. Bacteria serves as fertilizer, fungi
importance of every organism mentioned ) decomposes logs, animals provide food, plants
protect us from storms and protists like
seaweeds provide food to us.

Very nice report! Let’s give them three

The next reporter will be the Group 3. Classmates, our group identified the following
Please share your group output. importance of those organisms: plants provide
(The teacher will write on the board the medicine, animals like birds plant trees, fungi
importance of every organism mentioned ) provide food and protists provide habitat to
various organisms.

Excellent! Let’s give them three claps. Yes Sir!

Now, let’s go back to what you have The studens will listen.
reported. (The teacher will discuss the
importance of biodiversity based on what
they have mentioned. He will add other
information that was not mentioned by the
Do you have any question with regards to No Sir.
the importance of biodiversity?
Class did you know that biodiversity is Yes Sir!
now threatened?
Can you name some threats? (The students will raise their hands).

Arnel pls. give one threat to biodiversity. Sir slash and burn farming.
That’s correct. Why do you think it Sir it destroys the forest and the habitat of
becomes a threat? various organisms.

Very good! What else? (The students will raise their hands).

Gerly can you give one? Poverty Sir.

That’s right! But why do you think poverty Sir people are force to use and depend to our
becomes threat to biodiversity? natural resources because they have no other
source of their daily needs.

Very good! What else? (The students will raise their hands).

Kristina what’s your answer? Sir mining.

That’s correct. How does mining affects Sir it destroys the mountains where the plants
biodiversity? and other organisms live.

Yes, that’s right. Mining destroy our forest

and other ecosystems. It further releases (The students will raise their hands).
harmful chemicals that have harmful
effect to other organisms. What else?
Leny pls. give your answer. Sir dynamite fishing.

That’s right. But why using dynamite in Sir it destroys coral reefs and kills fishes as well
fishing becomes threat to biodiversity? as other marine organisms.

Very good. Do you have any question No Sir.


F. Generalization

Class I will show you a picture of various Yes Sir.

organisms (The teacher will show the
pictures of the organisms). Pls. pay
attention on the pictures. Just consider
that these pictures composed one big
ecosystem and the man is in the center of
that ecosystem.
What will happen if I will take the (The students will raise their hands).
mushroom/fungi out from this ecosystem?
(The teacher will remove the picture of
Gene pls. answer the question. Sir the number of organisms that provide food
will be reduced. The decomposers will be

Excellent answer! What will happen if I will (The students will raise their hands).
take the bacteria out of this ecosystem?
(The teacher will remove the picture of
Grace what is your answer? Sir the organism that gives fertilizer to plants will
be removed, therefore the plants will die.
Moreover, the decomposition of dead organisms
will be slowed down.

Yes, that’s right. And what will happen if (The students will raise their hands).
all plants will die? (The teacher will
removed all plants in the picture).
Bahirudin, pls. share your idea. Sir all animals on that ecosystem will die
because they have no food and no source of
oxygen. Flood and water shortage will also
devastate that ecosystem.

Very good! And what will happen to this (The students will raise their hands).
ecosystem if there are no animals?
Maru pls. state your answer. Sir, the source of food will be lessen. No
pollinators will pollinate the plants. So, the plants
will not bear fruits and cannot reproduce. Source
of carbon dioxide will be lessen that will hinder
the growth of plants.

Very nice answer!

Are there any reasons for those Yes Sir.

organisms mentioned to become extinct?
What are those? (The students will raise their hands).

Lilia pls. give your answer. Sir, the organisms that we have mentioned may
become extinct possibly due to different threats
like mining, slash and burn farming, dynamite
fishing and over extraction due to poverty.

Very nice answer.

It seems that all of you are already

familiar with the importance and threats to No Sir.
biodiversity. Do you have any question
regarding the lesson that we had

G. Application

Since you have no question, we will have Yes Sir.

an activity. Each group will present a brief
interview, play or a game that reflects the
importance of biodiversity and its threats. I
will give you five (5) minutes to prepare
for your activity and every group will be
given two (2) minutes to present their
interview. Is that clear?
After five (5) minutes). Who wants to (Representatives from different groups will raise
present first? their hands).
We will start with group number 1. (Group 1 will present their interview).

(After the presentation). Very good. Give (Students will do so).

them five claps.
Group 2 will be our next presenter. (Group 2 will do so)).

(After the interview). Very nice (Students will do so).

presentation. Give them five claps.
Group 3 pls. present your output. (Group 3 will present their interview).

(After the interview). Excellent! Give them (Students will do so).

five claps.
Class it seemed that you really No Sir.
understand our lesson for today. Do you
have any clarification?

IV. Evaluation
Pls. get ¼ sheet of pad paper and we will (The students will follow).
have a short quiz. Pls. listen carefully to
the direction. I will read the question
Direction. Write the letter of the correct answer on your paper.
1. Which of the following organisms help in the decomposition of dead organisms?
a. Plants b. fungi c. animals d. seaweeds.

2. Which of the following functions indicate the importance of plants to humans?

a. It produces biogas. b. It helps in the decomposition of dead organisms.
c. It provides food. d. It provides habitat.

3. In what way does the slash-and-burn farming negatively affect biodiversity?

a. It destroys the forest ecosystem as well as the other organisms.
b. It provides opportunity to other plants to grow.
c. It enhances the biodiversity of the forest.
d. It helps to maintain the ecological balance.

4. Why does mining considered as threat to biodiversity?

a. It provides job opportunity to the people.
b. It alleviates poverty.
c. It makes the mountain accessible to all people through road construction.
d. It causes destruction to mountains and other ecosystems and destroys water quality.

5. Which of the following organisms gives the air that we breathe?

a. grasses b. mushroom c. dog d. amoeba

6. Which of the following activities threaten the biodiversity?

a. planting of trees b. riding a bicycle c. mining d. planting
of vegetables

7. Which of the following organisms gives fertilizer to plants?

a. bacteria b. dog c. peanut d. mushroom
8. Absorbing carbon dioxide and giving off oxygen is one of the importances of
a. fungi b. horse c. plants d. protozoa

9. This activity destroys the coral reefs and kills other marine organisms.
a. logging b. swimming c. surfing d. dynamite fishing

10. Which of the following organisms functions as plant pollinator?

a. insects b. trees c. bacteria d. lizard

V. Assignment
Read the topics on pages 334-338 of your Science and Technology textbooks. Then,
answer the following on ½ sheet of paper.
1. List at least five (5) ways to conserve biodiversity.
2. As youth, how can you help in conserving biodiversity?