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INSTITUTION OF SURVEYORS OF UGANDA

ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE

CRITICAL ANALYSIS REPORT


Jan 2019

Submitted By

AINOBUSHOBOROZI ANTONY
(Graduate member of ISU - No.637)

Supervisor

QS. HENRY MWANGI KIBUNJA


ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

EXTENSION AND RENOVATION OF OFFICE BUILDING AT PLOT 24B NAKASERO ROAD, KAMPALA

CONSTRUCTION OF A RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT ON PLOT 614, BLOCK 215 KULAMBIRO RING ROAD

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

CONFIDENTIALITY STATEMENT

The following report contains confidential information for the purpose of the assessment of professional competence.

Infrastructure Cost & Management Consultants Limited (my employers) have granted me permission and consent to
disclose details for the critical analysis report on the basis that the information is not to be used for any other purpose
or by any other person other than those authorized by the Institution of Surveyors of Uganda

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

DECLARATION

This Critical Analysis report is a presentation of my original work. Wherever contributions of others are involved,
every effort has been made to indicate this clearly, with due reference to the literature and acknowledgement of
collaborative research and discussions.

…………………………………….

AINOBUSHOBOROZI ANTONY

Date………………………..

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

SUPERVISOR’S APPROVAL

In my capacity as the supervisor of the QS candidate’s report, I confirm that this critical analysis report is a true
representation of the candidate’s own work and involvement in the projects detailed here in.

………………………………………

QS. HENRY MWANGI KIBUNJA (Reg. No.149)

(R.S.U, F.I.S.U, M.A.A.K, C.I.Q.S.K)

Date…………………………

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONFIDENTIALITY STATEMENT ................................................................................................................. i


DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................................. ii
SUPERVISOR’S APPROVAL ...................................................................................................................... iii
1.0 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... 1
2.0 PROJECT 1: Construction of an Extension and Renovation of an Office Building (Hala Plaza)
on Plot 24B Nakasero Road for Goodman International Limited. ........................................................... 2
2.1. PROJECT OVERVIEW.................................................................................................................. 2
2.1.1. Description of the project ....................................................................................................... 2
2.2. MY INVOLVEMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES ............................................................................ 2
2.3. KEY ISSUE.................................................................................................................................... 3
2.3.1. Background of the issue ........................................................................................................ 3
2.4. LIST OF OPTIONS ........................................................................................................................ 3
2.4.1. Option 1: Steel roof structure + Roof Insulation + IT5 Roofing sheets ................................... 4
2.4.2. Option 2: Steel Roof structure + Sandwich panels................................................................. 4
2.4.3. Option 3: Ultra-span truss system + Insulation + Newlok sheets – Selected Option .............. 4
2.5. REASONS FOR REJECTION OF OPTIONS 1&2 ......................................................................... 4
2.5.1. Option 1: Steel roof structure + Roof Insulation + IT5 Roofing sheets ................................... 4
2.5.2. Option 2: Steel Roof structure + Sandwich panels................................................................. 4
2.6. JUSTIFICATION OF THE CHOICE OF ACTION........................................................................... 4
2.7. CRITICAL APPRAISAL AND REFLETIVE ANALYSIS .................................................................. 6
2.8. CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................................... 7
3.0 PROJECT 2: Construction of a residential development on Plot 614, Block 215, Kulambiro
Ring Road for Dr. James Magara................................................................................................................ 8
3.1. PROJECT OVERVIEW.................................................................................................................. 8
3.2. MY INVOLVEMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES ............................................................................ 8
3.3. KEY ISSUE.................................................................................................................................... 9
3.3.1. Background of the issue ........................................................................................................ 9
3.4. LIST OF OPTIONS ........................................................................................................................ 9
3.4.1. Option 1: Follow the Contract BOQ ....................................................................................... 9
3.4.2. Option 2: Consider it as a variation ...................................................................................... 10
3.4.3. Option 3: Value Engineering ................................................................................................ 10

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3.5. REASONS FOR REJECTION OF OPTIONS 1&2 ....................................................................... 10


3.5.1. Option 1: Follow the Contract BOQ ..................................................................................... 10
3.5.2. Option 2: Consider it as a variation ...................................................................................... 10
3.6. JUSTIFICATION OF THE CHOICE OF ACTION......................................................................... 10
3.7. CRITICAL APPRAISAL & REFLECTIVE ANALYSIS ................................................................... 12
3.8. CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................................. 12
4.0 APPENDICES ................................................................................................................................. 13

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

1.0 INTRODUCTION

This report forms part of my final submission for assessment of professional competence as a requirement for
election as a Professional Associate Member of the Institution of Surveyors of Uganda (ISU)

The aim of this report is to demonstrate my approach and understanding of the work of a Quantity Surveyor.

This report critically analyzes my involvement as the assistant Quantity Surveyor on two projects;

1. Construction of an extension and renovation of an office building (Hala Plaza) on plot 24B Nakasero
Road.
2. Construction of a residential development on Plot 614, Block 215, Kulambiro Ring Road.

I have presented two key issues which I encountered on these projects and reviewed the options I considered to
overcome them. This report goes on to evaluate the outcome of my approach, recommended solution and conclude
by the analysis of the lesson I have learnt through this experience.

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

2.0 PROJECT 1: Construction of an Extension and Renovation of an Office


Building (Hala Plaza) on Plot 24B Nakasero Road for Goodman International
Limited.

2.1. PROJECT OVERVIEW

2.1.1. Description of the project


The project entailed construction of an extension and renovation of the existing main building, new extension block (3
levels), parking block (2 levels), gate house with a gross floor areas of 1481 SM complete with associated external
works, mechanical and electrical installations located on Plot 24B Nakasero Road.

The project information is as summarized here below;

 Project Architect/ Manager: Imparqt Associates


 Contractor: Arab Contractors (U) Limited
 Quantity surveyor: Infrastructure Cost and Management (ICM) Consultants limited
 Structural Engineer: CTK
 Mechanical & Electrical Engineer: IMK Engineering Company Limited
 Contract sum: US $. 829, 321.66
 Contract period: 12 months (30th January 2017 to 25th January 2018)
 Contract type: Admeasurement contract
 Contract form: East African schedule of conditions of building contract (with quantities)

2.2. MY INVOLVEMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES

I was assigned to the project as the Quantity surveyor from inception of the project to final account working closely
under my supervisor.

I handled Key responsibilities including;

 Preparing of pre-tender estimates, Tender documents and tender evaluation report


 Preparing contract documents
 Preparing monthly Interim valuations, financial appraisals, cost reports and final account
 Reviewing contractor’s quotations and variations; negotiating rates proposed by the contractor for new
works
 Cost comparison of design options,

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 Review of request for extensions by the contractor,


 Contract management/ Administration.

2.3. KEY ISSUE

The key issue on this project was that the architect upon interpreting the client’s requirements specified a roof design
that did not meet the city authority’s approval after structural review of the existing foundations hence the need for a
variation in the roof design and finishes during construction.

2.3.1. Background of the issue


The existing office building had two main blocks; Block A which was supposed to be extended by 1 extra level and
Block B which was to be extended by 2 extra levels. All these blocks had concrete roof slabs underneath the roof
structure and covering.

The Client wanted a roof design that was completely free of leakages and with proper thermal insulation and based
on his previous experience of his existing office premises, he recommended to have a concrete roof slab underneath
the new roof structure and covering.

The Architect upon interpreting the client’s requirement adopted the same concept as the existing roof and specified
a concrete roof slab underneath a timber roof structure and IT4 roofing sheets.

Due to the urgency by the Client to have the facility within a short period, the Bills of Quantities were prepared based
on the architectural drawings and a few structural details that were mainly capturing the additional levels to be added.

Hence no detailed inspections, structural tests and reports were done to the existing buildings. At the time of the City
authority’s approval, the structural engineer discovered that the existing foundations could not hold another roof slab
as was proposed in the designs and hence need for a review in the design and yet the contractor was already on
site.

This became a key issue because it was a major variation that required proposal for alternative methods of
constructions as well as options that would fit within the existing cost provisions within the contract.

2.4. LIST OF OPTIONS

My advice to the consultants’ team was to propose alternative methods of construction or do a new design review
that fits within budget and meets the client’s requirements

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

We therefore considered three possible courses of action to resolve this issue;

2.4.1. Option 1: Steel roof structure + Roof Insulation + IT5 Roofing sheets
The structural engineer designed a new steel roof structure and the Architect advised to improve the roof covering
from IT4 to IT5. Roof insulation was also proposed to underlay the roof covering to aid thermal insulation.

2.4.2. Option 2: Steel Roof structure + Sandwich panels


The Architect proposed to consider an option of using sandwich panels and we received a quotation from Hwan sung

2.4.3. Option 3: Ultra-span truss system + Insulation + Newlok sheets – Selected Option
As the Quantity Surveyor on the project and having vast experience in alternative methods, I contacted an expert
technician at Uganda Baati and he recommended that we use Ultra-span truss system and Newlok sheets upon
which we visited sample projects they had done to aid us make an informed decision.

2.5. REASONS FOR REJECTION OF OPTIONS 1&2

2.5.1. Option 1: Steel roof structure + Roof Insulation + IT5 Roofing sheets
When I priced this option, I found it cheaper than the contract BOQ provision by US $ 2,024.00, however the client
reasoned it out based on his previous experience of the quality of iron sheets on the market being weak, and also he
wanted a very low roof pitch because he wanted the roof covering not be seen above the parapet walls. Therefore
this option could not be adopted since it is not recommended to use IT5 roofing sheets because it is prone to
leakages at a very low pitch.

2.5.2. Option 2: Steel Roof structure + Sandwich panels


We went ahead to get a quotation from Hwan sung for doing the sandwich panels but when this option was analyzed,
it was found to be too expensive compared to the contract BOQ provision – it was exceeding by US $. 20.112.24.
Hence it was rejected on the basis that it would lead to a cost overrun to the project.

2.6. JUSTIFICATION OF THE CHOICE OF ACTION

Ultra-span truss system + Insulation + Newlok sheets - selected option

Upon review of the Quotation from Uganda Baati Ltd for doing the Ultra-Span + Insulation + Newlok sheets and
visiting sample sites like Kampala Boulevard, Gonzaga catholic church along kamuli Road, kireka and UN service
Centre in Entebbe;

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

This option was selected due to the following reasons;

 It was found that this was the cheapest option since it was less that the contract BOQ Provision by US $.
5,965.42 As detailed in the picture below;
CONTRACT OPTION 1 OPTION 2 PROPOSED SOLN
ELEMENT DESCRIPTION Steel roof structure + Roof Steel Roof structure + Ultra-span truss system +
Insulation + IT5 Roofing Sandwich panels Insulation + Newlok sheets
sheets
AMOUNT AMOUNT AMOUNT AMOUNT
(US$.) (US$.) (US$.) (US$.)

MAIN BUILDING - HALA PLAZA


ROOF VARIATIONS
SUMMARY
200mm Thick horizontal solid suspended slab, reinforcement &
A 17,681.57
formwork
B Timber roof structure 4,669.13
26-Gauge IT4 Galvanized pre-painted roofing sheets : fixed to
C 4,666.21
timber purlins

D Structural steelwork 14,891.65 14,891.65


26-Gauge IT5 Galvanized pre-painted roofing sheets : fixed to
E 6,251.05
Z-purlins
F Roof insulation 3,850.00

Sandwich panels as per quotation from Hwan sung (US $.


G 32,237.50
83.733 for 385SM of roof area)

Ultra Span truss system, Newlok sheets, roof insulation -


H 16,725.82
supplied by Uganda Baati
I Fixing by Winx Design & Construction Ltd 4,325.68

TOTAL 27,016.91 24,992.70 47,129.15 21,051.49

CONTRACT PROVISION 27,016.91 27,016.91 27,016.91


NET COST DIFFERENCE (2,024.21) 20,112.24 (5,965.42)
NOTE: ALL RATES ARE VAT EXCLUSIVE
RATES IN THE APPENDICES FOR UGANDA BAATI ACCOUNT STATEMENT AND WINX ARE VAT INCLUSIVE
RATES FOR UGANDA BAATI AND WINX WERE QUOTED IN U Sshs AND HAVE BEEN CONVERTED TO US $ AT A RATE OF 3700

 Ultra-span truss system has very many advantages compared to the rest of the options available; it reduces
costs, has high strength, its fire resistant, its light weight, it has longer life due to pre-galvanized sections, its
fungus, borer & anti-termite resistant, it has a short construction time and a high degree of accuracy and it
has light gauge steel frames.
 Newlok sheets are made out of Aluminium and are interlocking making them leakage free. It is a new
alternative method of roofing that should be adopted by the construction industry and can be supplied up to
a sheet length of 120 meters.
 It met the client’s requirements for both thermal insulation and leakage free roof system

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

In taking this option I faced the following challenges

 Collection, retrieval and analysis of project data to guide me in making this decision.
 Opinions regarding activating nominated sub-contractors and attendance; the main contractor wanted to
charge for attendance which is allowed within the contract. But due to having selected a contractor that had
previously worked with the Client and had a working relationship, we negotiated with the contractor and he
agreed not to charge for attendance.

2.7. CRITICAL APPRAISAL AND REFLETIVE ANALYSIS

The selected option was the best option considering a number of factors;

 It required a short construction time and hence would not cause any delays on the subsequent main works
handled by the contractor and the all fabrication was done away from site so the contractor did not get
affected much which is one of the reasons he did not charge for attendance
 It is a light gauge and weight system which was conforming well to the loading requirements of the existing
foundations
 It was a cheap alternative method of construction and so the project did not incur any cost overruns
because of this major variation.
 The client’s requirements of thermal insulation, leakage free roof, and low roof pitch below the parapet wall
were all were achieved.

The problem solving exercises of this project has provided me a good lesson that will be useful for other similar
projects and in resolving the key issue, I have attained extra experience and improved my competence in the
following areas;

 Construction technology and alternative methods of construction and having contacts of different service
providers and suppliers in the construction industry.
 Preparation of variation orders and review of quotations for new works
 Preparation of cost/ benefit reports upon alternative construction methods
 Value management and engineering
 Project liaison meetings with the Employer and consultants.
 Measurement and costing of works
 Project cost control and cost monitoring of construction works
 Signing out quantities and Final account

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2.8. CONCLUSION

I believe that working in this key issue on this project has improved my ability to foresee such potential variations.
This was a good experience and it should be noted that in all future renovation and extension projects, the structural
integrity of existing structures should be fully analyzed and reported upon before any new designs can be made

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

3.0 PROJECT 2: Construction of a residential development on Plot 614,


Block 215, Kulambiro Ring Road for Dr. James Magara.

3.1. PROJECT OVERVIEW


3.1.1. Description of the project

The project entailed construction of a single storey residential house, boy’s quarters, garage, swimming pool,
gazebo, pump house with a gross floor areas of 798 SM complete with associated external works, mechanical and
electrical installations located on Plot 614, Block 215, Kulambiro Ring Road.

The project information is as summarized here below;

 Project Architect/ Manager: Dream Architects


 Contractor: Kraft Construction Company Limited
 Quantity surveyor: Infrastructure Cost and Management (ICM) Consultants limited
 Structural Engineer: Macro Technics Limited
 Mechanical & Electrical Engineer: IMK Engineering Company Limited
 Contract sum: U Shs. 2,045,809,082
 Contract sum – Phase 1: U Shs. 787,046,064
 Contract period: 5 months (31st August 2016 to 16th January 2017), later extended by 6 months to
15th July 2017
 Contract type: Admeasurement contract
 Contract form: East African schedule of conditions of building contract (with quantities)

3.2. MY INVOLVEMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES


I was assigned to the project as the Quantity surveyor from inception of the project to the construction phase working
closely under my supervisor.

I handled Key responsibilities including;

 Preparing of pre-tender estimates, tender documents, tender evaluation and negotiation reports
 Preparing contract documents and guiding the client and the project manager on the form of contract to use,
 Preparing cash flow projections,
 Preparing monthly Interim valuations,
 Valuation of variances,

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 Cost comparison and design options,


 Preparing financial appraisals and cost reports,
 Review of request for extensions by the contractor,
 Preparing materials and labor schedules,
 Dispute and resolutions and
 Contract management/ Administration.

3.3. KEY ISSUE


The key issue on this project was a discrepancy between the contract BOQ and the approved structural drawings
regarding the class of concrete to be used first-floor beams and slab hence leading to a variation that posed a cost
overrun on the project.

3.3.1. Background of the issue


During the construction of the main house, the contractor discovered a discrepancy between the contract drawings
and the contract BOQs. There was a discrepancy in the class of concrete from Grade 25 to 30 for the first- floor
beams and slab and this became a variation which would lead to a big cost overrun.

And as Clause 24(c) states in the form of contract, the contractor was entitled to go ahead and execute the works as
a variation and the same would be valued/ ascertained and added to the contract sum. So when consulted, the
Structural Engineer confirmed that Grade 30 had to be used for this section of work.

The client inquired into the cause of the discrepancy and the party to bear the cost overrun.

I found out that during the design stage, the structural engineer issued drawings (for purposes of preparing the tender
BOQ) with specification for the concrete in the beams and slab as Class 25.

However, to get approval from KCCA, he later on revised the specifications and issued final contract drawings with
Class 30 concrete. However the discrepancy was not brought to the attention of the Quantity Surveyor before signing
the contract.

3.4. LIST OF OPTIONS


As the project cost manager, I advised the project team and the client that we would look into options to ensure value
for Money and ways of mitigating the cost overrun. I therefore considered these three options as courses of action to
resolve the issues;

3.4.1. Option 1: Follow the Contract BOQ


Have the works executed as per the contract BOQ and disregard the design change in order to avoid the variation
and any cost overruns.

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3.4.2. Option 2: Consider it as a variation


Consider it as a variation and ascertain the amount of variation and add it to the contract sum.

3.4.3. Option 3: Value Engineering


Challenge the structural engineer to do value engineering and have some sections of the slab and beams with class
25 and the others class 30 concrete in order to mitigate the magnitude of the cost overrun

3.5. REASONS FOR REJECTION OF OPTIONS 1&2


3.5.1. Option 1: Follow the Contract BOQ
The fact that the structural engineer had issued drawings with class 25 for the slab and beam; it implied that the
works would be executed within the BOQ provisions when the design was flawed. The Structural Engineer would be
tasked to review the design and clearly explain what led to the change of grade of concrete considering this is a
single storey residential house. However, the structural engineer reasoned this option out on the basis that the
revisions were made prior and drawings were approved by the city council authority with concrete as class 30 and
the works would not get an occupation permits lest the concrete tests matched the design specification on the
approved drawings.

3.5.2. Option 2: Consider it as a variation


Capture the variation as per Clause 24(c) and ascertain the amount of variation and add it to the contract sum.
However, this option was refuted by the client since it was posing a big cost overrun and he wasn’t party to its cause.
He felt the consultancy team wasn’t giving him the best value for money.

3.6. JUSTIFICATION OF THE CHOICE OF ACTION


Value Engineering - selected option

Knowing the client’s best interests and to get real value for money, I proposed this option basing on my construction
technology and experience; made cost comparisons of the two design options and challenged the structural engineer
to do value engineering. I proposed having some sections of the slab and beams with class 25 and the others class
30 concrete.

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ISU- APC- Critical Analysis Report Ainobushoborozi Antony

When the structural engineer did a review, he approved my suggestions and therefore through my advice, we
managed to solve this key issue. In as much as we had an overrun, we managed to mitigate its magnitude from U
Shs. 14,151,250 to U Shs. 8,510,000 as detailed in the table below;

CONTACT- phase 1 FINAL ACCOUNT - phase 1 Option 1 Option 2 Proposed Soln


ITEM DESCRIPTION QTY UNIT RATE AMOUNT QTY RATE AMOUNT Follow the Consider it as a Value Engineering
(USHS.) (USHS.) (USHS.) (USHS.) Contract BOQ variation

GRADE 25 GRADE 30 GRADE 25&30

BILL NO.3
MAIN HOUSE
ELEMENT NO.2
R.C. FRAME
CONCRETE WORK
VIBRATED REINFORCED CONCRETE CLASS 25 MIX
1:1.5:3 (20MM AGGREGATE) IN:
A Columns 15 CM 500,000 7,500,000 15 500,000 7,500,000 7,500,000 7,500,000 7,500,000
B Beams 10 CM 500,000 5,000,000 5 500,000 2,500,000 5,000,000 3,250,000 2,500,000
C Ringbeams 10 CM 500,000 5,000,000 10 500,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000
D 175mm Thick horizontal solid suspended slab 12 SM 87,500 1,050,000 23 87,500 2,012,500 1,050,000 2,616,250 2,012,500
E 150mm Thick horizontal solid suspended roofslab 77 SM 75,000 5,775,000 77 75,000 5,775,000 5,775,000 7,507,500 5,775,000
EI 100mm Thick horizontal solid suspended skylight slab SM 50,000 0 2 50,000 100,000 0 100,000 100,000
F 225mm Thick horizontal solid suspended slab bands 34 SM 112,500 3,825,000 112,500 0 3,825,000
HOLLOW BLOCK CONSTRUCTION
G 225mm Thick composite suspended slab consisting of 230 SM 100,000 23,000,000 73 100,000 7,300,000 23,000,000 9,855,000 7,300,000
reinforced concrete Class 25 (Mix 1:1.5:3) in 75mm topping
and 100mm wide ribs at 480mm centers : Maxspan size
300mm long x 300mm wide x 150mm high including filling
ends of composite slabs with concrete class 25 (Mix 1:1.5:3)

VIBRATED REINFORCED CONCRETE CLASS 30


(30Mpa/19mm with 20mm max. aggregate size) IN:
H1 Beams CM 650,000 0 7 650,000 4,550,000 4,550,000 4,550,000
H2 175mm Thick horizontal solid suspended slab SM 113,750 0 12 113,750 1,365,000 1,365,000 1,365,000
H3 225mm Thick horizontal solid suspended slab SM 146,250 0 44 146,250 6,435,000 6,435,000 6,435,000
H4 225mm Thick horizontal solid suspended slab bands SM 146,250 0 34 146,250 4,972,500 4,972,500 4,972,500
HOLLOW BLOCK CONSTRUCTION
H5 225mm Thick composite suspended slab consisting of SM 135,000 0 90 135,000 12,150,000 12,150,000 12,150,000
reinforced concrete Class 30 in 75mm topping and 100mm
wide ribs at 480mm centers : Maxspan size 300mm long x
300mm wide x 150mm high including filling ends of
composite slabs with concrete class 30

SUMMARY 51,150,000 59,660,000 51,150,000 65,301,250 59,660,000

CONTRACT PROVISION 51,150,000 51,150,000 51,150,000

MAGNITUDE OF OVERRUN 8,510,000 14,151,250 8,510,000

This option was selected due to the following reasons;

 As the Project cost manager, my objective was to mitigate the cost overrun in as much as the variation order
had been issued by the structural engineer.
 Whereas the other consultants were looking at the design variation from one perspective of structural
strength of the facility, as a cost controller on the project, I had to approach the variation from two
dimensions; the structural soundness and the cost effectiveness of the variation.

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3.7. CRITICAL APPRAISAL & REFLECTIVE ANALYSIS


My involvement in this project helped me gain relevant knowledge and experience as well as improving my
competency in the following areas;

 Quantification and costing of construction works, this was mainly in value engineering with a sole purpose of
controlling costs of the design variations
 I have come to appreciate the need to do financial appraisals, cost reports and comparisons to give
guidance to the client and project team of the financial status of the project.
 I have learnt that it is essential for a quantity surveyor to have enough knowledge on construction
technology and environmental services.
 Improved negotiation skills
 I have improved my client – employer relationship (customer service)
 Improved my problem solving skills

3.8. CONCLUSION
I believe that the lessons learnt during my involvement in this project have contributed to my understanding of the
role of a quantity surveyor and I will ensure I take all these forward on to future projects.

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4.0 APPENDICES

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