7.COLUMN SPLICES
7.1 INTRODUCTION
connection sometimes being detailed with a physical
Column splices in multistorey construction are usually
gap between the two shafts.
provided every two or three storeys and are located just
above floor level. This results in convenient lengths for For more heavily loaded splices the end result can be
fabrication, transport and erection, and gives easy access expensive, involving a large amount of fabrication and
from the adjacent floor for bolting up on site. The site bolting
provision of splices at each storey level is seldom Splices are generally provided just above floor levels
economical since the saving in column material is (typically 500mm above) hence moment due to strut
generally far outweighed by the material, fabrication action is considered insignificant. The moments induced
and erection costs of making the splice. in splices placed a t other positions should be checked.
Typical bolted column splices used for rolled Isection
Column splices should hold the connected members in
and hollow section members are shown in Figure 7.1.
line and wherever practical the members should be
arranged so that the centroidal axis of the splice material
coincides with the centroidal axis of the column sections
above and below the splice.
I/ II
practice. 'Cap plate'
Nonbearing type (see Figure 7.4). In this case
loads are transferred via the bolts and splice plates.
Any bearing between the members is ignored, the Figure 7.2 'Cap and base' o r 'End plate' splice
208
Column Splices  Practical Considerations
Division
plate
(a) External cover plates (b) Internal cover plates (c) External cover plates
 same serial size  same serial size  different serial size
(a) External cover plates (b) External and internal (c) Internal cover plates (d) External cover plates
cover plates
 same serial size  same serial size  same serial size  different serial size
209
Column Splices  Recommended Geometry
270
Column Splices  Design
For the use of preloaded HSFC bolts see Table H.31 note 6.
Nonbearing splices
The design of a nonbearingsplice is more involved, as all Nonbearing splices are infrequently used for rolled
forces and moments must be transmitted through the columns so tables are not provided for this type of
bolts and splice plates. The connection must be checked connection. However, Tables H.36, H.37 and H.38 are
both for compression and for any net tension that may provided for bolted splices in CHS and RHS members in
occur. tension.
Shear force
The horizontal shear force arising from the moment
gradient is normally resisted by friction across the contact
bearing surfaces and/or by the web cover plates. Wind
forces on the external elevations of buildings are normally
taken directly into the floor slabs. If instead they are taken
into thesteel columns it is usual to positionthe connections
between the wall and the column such that the splice is
not subject to wind shear. It is rare for column splices in
simple construction be expected to transmit wind shears,
and thus no design methods are presented in this guide.
27 7
3
t Fv 1 t Fv I
where
M nominal moment due to factored dead and imposed loads (ie. column
design moment) a t the floor level immediately below the splice.
axial compressive force due to factored dead load only.
FV
shear force.
D conservatively, the overall depth of the smaller column (for external
flange cover plates) or the centreline to centreline distance between
the flange cover plates (for internal flange cover plates).
272
Column Splices (Bearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
(normally untorqued
in clearance holes)
See notes (l)&(2)
(2) If there is significant net tension (see CHECK 3) then the notesfrom CHECK 1 for Nonbearingsplices
should be adhered to.
273
Column Splices (Bearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
x
Tl
111 tl
Bolts
(normally untorqued
in clearance holes)
Jotes:
(1 1 Bolt spacing and edge distances should comply with the recommendations of BS 59501:2000.
(2) If there is significant net tension (see CHECK 3) then the notesfrom CHECK 1 for Nonbearingsplices
should be adhered to.
Column Splices (Bearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
+[ ; 3
Basic requirement:
If M
2
Net tension does not occur and so the splice need only be detailed to transmit axial
compression by direct bearing (Check 1)
Net tension does occur and the flange cover plates and their fasteners should be
checked for a tensile force, F, (Check 3 and 4)
Preloaded HSFG bolts should be used when net tension induces stress in the upper
column flange > 10% of the design strength of that column.
M
F, =
D 2
where: M = nominal moment due to factored dead and imposed loads (i.e. column
design moment) a t the floor level immediately below the splice.
275
Column Splices (Bearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
CHECK 3
Flange cover plate
Tensile capacity of cover plate H
Tension
Column
flange
Basic requirement:
where:
(1 It is sufficiently accurate to base this calculation on the gross area of the flange.
(2) When the tension is due to structural integrity requirements it is not necessary to use preloaded HSFC bolts.
276
Column Splices (Bearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
4y
 F2
Column flange
t
e
where:
9d 5500  Lj
Reduction factor = min(
8d + 3tpa ’ ( 5000 1 ’ 1)
joint length (in mm)
shear strength of the bolt
shear area of the bolt
thickness of the flange cover plate
bearing strength of the flange cover plate
end distance
bolt diameter
thickness of the packing
Bolts in bearing
Basic requirement:
F2 5 C Pb,
Pb, = bearing capacity of the flange cover plate
(But for the top pair of bolts, Pb, is the smaller of dqp pb, or 0.5 e qp Pb,)
Note: If the thickness of the column flange is less than the thickness of the flange cover plate,
then bearing capacity of the column flange should also be checked.
For Preloaded HSFC bolts
F, 5 CP,,
For connection designed to be nonslip under factored loads
P, = slip resistance = 0.9 K, p PO (BS 59501, cl. 6.4.2)
K, = 1 .O for fasteners in standard clearance holes
P = slip factor
PO = minimum shank tension as specified in BS 4604[31]
277
Column Splices (Bearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
Tension
If it is necessary to comply with structural integrity requirements, then checks 3 and 4 should
278
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
where
M 
 nominal moment due to factored dead and imposed loads (ie. column
design moment) a t the floor level immediately below the splice.
 axial compressive force due to factored dead and imposed loads
 shear force.
\
 conservatively, the overall depth of the smaller column (for external
flange cover plates) or the centreline to centreline distance between
the flange cover plates (for internal flange cover plates).
 maximum compressive force per flange
 maximum tensile force per flange
279
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steel, I sections  Design Procedures
a t least 4 no.
M20, 8.8 bolts
See Notes (1) & (2 
Bolts
Multiple packs (normally untorquec
thickness tpa in clearance holes)
LfP See Notes (1) & (2).
Cap
:optional)
Packs arranged
LfP
as necessary

Projection qP2 B, and 225mm for joint rigidity
Width
Thickness
b p 2 B,
>TT,/2and 1Omm
II
Notes:
(2) Although the minimum width and length for cover plates are similar to those for bearing
splices the thickness and bolt design will usually result in larger cover plates.
(4) The number of plies in multiple packs should not exceed four.[32]
(5) There should not be more than one jump in serial size of column at the splice.
(6) If external and internal flange covers are to be provided the sizes should be similar to
those shown and the combined thickness of the external and internal cover plates must
be a t least T,/2. All cover plates should be a t least 1Omm thick.
(7) Bolt spacing and edge distances should comply with the recommendations of BS 59501:2000
220
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
,
/
Bolts
normally untorqued
in clearance holes
See Note (1) opposite
 Packs arranged
as necessary
Notes:
22 7
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled stee! I sections  Design Procedures
Column
t F1
flange
For compression
Basic requirement:
Fl < PY +P
where:
M
 A,
Fl D + ‘4A) (conservative)
M nominal moment due to factored dead and imposed loads (i.e. column design
moment) a t the floor level immediately below the splice
FC
axial compressive force due to factored dead and imposed loads
D conservatively, the overall depth of the smaller column (for external flange cover
plates) or the centreline to centreline distance between the flange cover plates
(for internal flange cover plates)
For tension
Basic requirement:
‘2 5 min (P, h p , KePyAfp.net1
where:
F2
 
M  Fed( 4
A ) (conservative)
D
222
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
Column
t F1
flange
Bolts in shear
Basic requirement:
Max.(F1,F2) < Reduction factor x C P,
P, = shear capacity of single bolt = p, A,
(But for the top pair of bolts, P, is the smaller of ps As and 0.5 e qPpb, )
where:
9d
Reduction factor = min(
8d + 3tpa
joint length (in mm)
Lj =
Ps 
 shear strength of the bolt
A, = shear area of the bolt
thickness of the flange cover plate
qp =
pbs  bearing strength of the flat ige cover plate
e = end distance
d = bolt diameter
= thickness of the packing
tPa
Bolts in bearing
Basic requirement:
Max.(F,,F2) 2 c ,P,
Pb, = bearing capacity of the flange cover plate
(But for the top pair of bolts, Pb, is the smaller of dqp pb, and 0.5 e qPPb,)
Note: If the thickness of the column flange is less than the thickness of the flange cover plate,
then bearing capacity of the column flange should also be checked.
For Preloaded HSFC bolts
Max.(F,,F2) 2 C P,,
For connection designed to be nonslip under factored loads
P,, = slip resistance = 0.9 K, p PO (BS 59501, cl. 6.4.2)
K, = 1 .O for fasteners in standard clearance holes
CL = slip factor
PO = minimum shank tension as specified in BS 4604r3’]
223
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steeli I sections  Design Procedures
Column
“1 F3
tt
Capacity of w e b cover plates
Basic requirement:
conservatively F3 =
A
where: F, = axial compressive force due to factored dead and imposed loads
A = total area of the smaller column
224
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steel I sections  Design Procedures
Column 
&
tt
Bolts in shear
Basic requirement:
Bolts in bearing
F3 5
'bs = bearing capacity of the web cover plate per bolt = d t pbs
(But for the top pair of bolts, Pb, is the smaller of d t pb, or 0.5 e Pbs)
d = bolt diameter
Note: If the thickness of the column web is less than the combined thickness of the web cover
plates, then the bearing capacity of the column web should also be checked.
225
Column Splices (NonBearing Type)  Rolled steel, I sections  Design Procedures
Tension
i Ftie
If it is necessary to comply with structural integrity requirements, then the Bearing type splice
‘tie
 
F2 
2
based on the conservative assumption that the tie force is resisted by the two flange cover plates.
226
Tension Splices  RHS sections  Design Procedures
The design procedures for tension splices in square and Thesemiempiricalrulesare basedontherecommendations
rectangular hollow sections considers tension bolts being given in the CIDECT Design and take account
placed along two parallel faces as shown below. There of prying forces; it is therefore permissible to use the
are no structural integrity checks given since the principal exact method bolt tension capacities of BS 59501.
force is tension.
227
Tension Splices  RHS sections  Design Procedures
Hole diameter D,
Dh = d + 2mm for d I 2 4 m m
Dh = d + 3mm f o r d > 24mm
plate thickness, tp
12mm 5 t, I 2 6 m m
See Note (2)
Inr I
B
I I 1t3
e1 e2
Bolt spacing p
p 2 2.5 d
2D
Total number of bolts N I  + 2 but 2 4
P
Notes:
(2) Plate thickness tp should be limited to between 12mm and 26mm because this
is the range for which the design method has been validated experimentally.
P P P
Ba ic requirement:
tn2(1 + 6 a ) N
Ft
K
a but 2 0
where:
end plate thickness (mm)
tP
229
CHECK 4 Bolt failure
00
 Ft .Ft
Basic requirement:
where:
M20 137 kN
M24 198 kN
M30 314 kN
230
Tension Splices  RHS sections  Design Procedures
CHECK 5 Weld
00
continuous
I weld 
  End plate,
Ft Ft
where:
D = RHS depth For partial penetration butt with additional fillet:
Pw
 design strength of weld a = weld throat thickness according
see BS 59501 Table 37. to geometry shown in Figure above
(220N/mm2 for S275 steel
250N/mm2 for 5355 steel.)
Notes: (1) The weld should be capable of developing the full strength of the RHS. Afillet weld should
normally be used, but if the required leg length exceeds 12mm then a partial penetration butt
weld with additional fillets may be a more economical solution.
(2) For a partial penetration butt weld with additional fillets, as shown in Figure
above, note that:
the depth of preparation should be 3mm deeper than the required penetration.
the minimum penetration of 2dt specified in BS 59501 clause 6.9.2 does not apply to
the detail shown.
(3) Depending on splice plate stiffness, the welded perimeter of RHS Sections will be loaded non
uniformly. In the absence of more precise design guidance, the effective weld length should be
taken as the side lengths adjacent to the loaded bolts in tension.
23 7
Tension Splices  RHS sections  Design Procedures
1 uu
Member capacity
Basic requirement:
Ft
where:
A  crosssectional area of RHS
232
Tension Splices  CHS sections  Design Procedures
233
Tension Splices  CHS sections  Design Procedures
Hole diameter D,
D, = d + 2mm ford 5 24mm
D, = d + 3mm ford > 24mm
Bolt spacing p
p 2 2.5 d
p 110d
234
Tension Splices  CHS sections  Design Procedures
Ft
L
D
4 e
Basic requirement:
where:
1 ( k3 + (k32  4 k1)0'5 )

24
k, +2
CHS diameter
235
Tension Splices  CHS sections  Design Procedures
Basic requirement:
Ft
[ In = natural logarithm]
where:
f3
1
 ( k3 + (k32  4 kl)’”)
2kl
k, [ In = natural logarithm]
CHECK 4
~ ~ ~~~
Bolt Failure
0
Basic requirement:
Ft < N Pt (kN)
236
Tension Splices  CHS sections  Design Procedures
CHECK 5 Weld
I
continuous
weld
jl
Weld tensile capacity
Notes: (1) The weld should be capable of developing the full strength of the CHS. A fillet weld should
normally be used, but if the required leg length exceeds 12mm then a partial penetration butt
weld with additional fillets may be a more economical solution.
(2) For a partial penetration butt weld with additional fillets, as shown in Figure
above, note that:
the depth of preparation should be 3mm deeper than the required penetration.
the minimum penetration of 2dt specified in BS 59501 clause 6.9.2 does not apply t
the detail shown.
237
Tension Splices  CHS sections  Design Procedures
Member capacity
Basic requirement:
F, I A PY
where:
A 
 crosssectional area of CHS
238
Column Splices  Worked examples
The five worked examples for splices illustrate the design Example 3: Anonbearing splice for UCswithall forces
checks required for the most commonly used details: developed in the bolted cover plates,
including a structural integrity check.
Example 1: A bearing splice for connecting two
different size Universal Column sections Example 4 An RHS splice made with bolted endplates
using external cover plates and with a which is subject to axial tension.
division plate between.
Example 5: ACHS splice made with bolted endplates
Example2: A connection as Example 1 but with a which is subject to axial tension.
bending moment where net tension is
present (additional checks which have to
be made are shown).
239
Column Splices  Worked Example 7 and 2
CALCULATION Client
SHEET SCI/BCSA Connections Croup
254 x 254 x 73 UC
(5355 steel) \
[ 
.I
1
25
See splice
capacity
Table H.33
in the yellow
pages

50

80 35
305~305xl18UC
(5355 steel) 250
 150
c
Design information:
flange cover plates: 2/250 12 525
flange Packs: 2/250 30 240
Cleats: 4/90 x 90 x 8 Angles x 150 Long
Web Packs: 2/85 x 2 x 7 50
Division plate: 265 25 3 7 0
Bolts: M20 Grade 8. 8
fittings material: 5275 steel
240
Column Splices  Worked Example 1 and 2
Title Example 7  Column Splices  UC bearing splice (No net tension) Sheet
2of 7
Check the column splice shown on sheet 7 for the following design forces.
Dead 825kN
Axial compression
Imposed 942kN
Moment I SkNm (About xx axis of column)
Shear 8kN
No checks needed on shear, which can be resisted by friction across the bearing surfaces.
Sheet
CHECK Comments
Nos
3 CHECK 2
Flange Cover
Plates Net Tension Check 104.8kNm 15kNm No net tension developed
24 7
Column Splices  Worked Ex6mple 7 and 2
Title Example 7  Column Splices  UC bearing splice (No net tension) 1 sheet 3 o f 7
Note: Maximum vertical bolt spacing p = 14t, i.e. minimum thickness is p/14 BS 5950 1
CI 6.2.7.2
Tl P
Thickness 
2
and 10 and 
74
14.2 160
 and 10 and 
2 74
Division Plate
Web cleats
 t2  t J 72.0  8.6
Packs tpo  
2 2

 1.7 Say 2mm .*. O.K.
&
D
l 825 x 254.1

 = 104.8kNm
2 2 x 103
242
Column Splices  Worked Example 7 and 2
Check the splice shown on sheet 1 for the following design forces
Shear 60kN
Applied
Capacity Comments
Load
5 CHECK 2
CRITICAL CHECK
Flange cover plate
96.6kNm 7 7 OkNm Net tension developed
Net Tension Check
5 CHECK 3
Net tension is not
Tensile Capacity of flange 8 15.8kN 52.9kN significant and ordinary
cover plate bolts are adequate
6 CHECK 4
Flange bolt group
No need to check column
Shear Capacity 265kN 52.9kN
flange in this example
Bearing Capacity 447.6kN 52.9kN
7 CHECK 5
Structural integrety Not Not If necessary carry out
Applicable Applicable CHECKS 2 and 3 with tie
force from
BS 59507~1.2.4.5.3(~)
Additional CHECK
Shear Capacity of 163kN 60kN
splice interface
24 3
~~
Tit'e
Example 2  Column Splices  UC bearing splice (Net tension developed)
I 5 of 7
.'.Net tension occur and the flange cover plates and their fastenings must be checked
for a tensile force, F2
M

F2 D 2
110 703 760

  
254.1 2
= 52.9 kN
 1.2~275~2472
 8 7 5.8kN
KePyAfp.net 
103
Tension capacity = 8 7 5.8kN
There is no significant net tension in the column flange and the use of ordinary bolts in
clearance holes is satisfactory.
244
Column Splices  Worked Example 1 and 2
5500  Lj 9d
Reduction Factor = min ( 1)
5000 ' 8d + 3tpa I
9x20
9d 
8d + 3tpa (8 x 20) + (3 x 30)
= 0.72
= 0 . 7 2 ~ 491.9
~
= 265kN
245
Column Splices  Worked Example 7 and 2
Tit'e
Example 2  Column Splices  UC bearing splice (Net tension developed) I
I
7 of 7
F, = 'tie /2
based on the conservative assumption that the tie force is resisted by the flange coverplates.
The coefficient of friction p f for a steel to steel interface depends upon the surface condition of
the steel and on any coatings provided.
Conservatively, for steel with no surface treatment, and with complete mill scale, the coefficient ECCS Pub
of friction, p f may be taken as 0.20. No. 37[331
1 1 0 703
~ 760

 + 
254 2
= 433+380
= 813kN
= 163kN
24 6
Column Splices  Worked Example 3
Job No Sheet
joints in Steel Construction  Simple Connections 7 of 7
Title
Example 3  Column Splices  UC Nonbearing splice
CALCULATION
SHEET
Calcs by Checked by Date
RS AM May 2002
254 x 254 x 73 UC
(5355 steel)
10
50
c
305 x 305 x 1 7 8 UC
(5355 steel) 1 250 .
Design Information:
24 7
Column Splices  Worked Example 3
Check the column splice shown on sheet 1 for the followina desian forces.
3 CHECK 2
flange cover plates No net tension
Axial Capacity 825 744
4 CHECK 3
flange Bolt Group
Shear capacity 813 744
Bearing Capacity 1060 744
5 CHECK 4
Web cover plates
Axial Capacity 330 199
CHECK 5
Web Bolt Group
Shear capacity 411 199
Bearing Capacity (web cover plate) 324 199
7 CHECK 6
Structural Integrity
Axial Capacity of Flange Cover Plate 784 200 CRITICAL CHECK
for Structural integrity
248
Column Splices  Worked Example
Title Example 3
~~
 Column Splices  UC Nonbearing Splice I 3 of 7
24 9
Column Splices  Worked Example 3
.: P,  7 32kN
Reduction Factor
9d
= min ('z",",
9x24
Li ,
9d
8d + 3 tpo
/ 1)


8d + 3 tp0 (8 x 24) + (3 x 30)
0.77

 813kN > 744kN

 744kN < 813kN .*. O.K.
f 1
Bearing Capacity
Basic requirement: F, I %S
132.5kN
8 x 132.5
1060kN
744kN < 1060kN .'. O.K.
The column flange, being 14.2mm thick and of 5355 steel is also adequate in bearing.
250
Column Splices  Worked Example 3
1
~~
Cover plate B
tt
F3
77
F3
Conservatively, F3 = Fc
A
A,

F3
2
 199kN < 330kN .'. O.K.
CHECK 5: Web cover plate bolt qroup
Shear capacity
F3
Basic requirement: 
2
< zPs
For an M24 8.8 bolt, P, = 132kN as before CHECK 3
For top pair of bolts (end distance = 40mm),
P, = min ( 1 3 2 , 0.5e twppbs)
0.5~40~8~460
0*5etwp Pbs 

Pbs from
103 BS 5950 1
= 73.6kN Table 32
.: P, = 73.6kN
Total shear capacity = P,
F3

2

 199KN < 417kN .*. O.K.
25 7
Column Splices  Worked Example 3
Bearing Capacity
F3
Basic requirement:  EPb,
2
Bolts generally:
= 88.3kN
F3

2
= 199kN < 324kN .*. O.K.
= 50mm > 2d
Pbs from
Therefore bearing capacity per bolt on grade 5355 web,
BS 59507
Table 32
pbs = Pbs
24 x 8.6 x 550

103
= 713.5kN
I 252
Column Splices  Worked Example 3
Bearing capacity of flange cover plate connected to column flange (CHECK 3).
Total bearing capacity = 1060 kN (as before) Sheet 4
F, = 2OOkN < 1060kN .*. O.K.
In this example the flange plates are 250 x 12 but are connected using 8 M24 bolts instead of 4 A
bolts as in the bearing type splices shown in Example 1 and in the yellow pages Table H.33 standard
geometry for these members.
From the Yellow pages standard geometry Table H.33 the tensile capacity of one standard splice plate
is 264kN. Therefore the tensile capacity of the whole connection as stated in Table H.3 1 note (5) is:
264 x 2 = 528kN
Thus the stronger nonbearing splice in this example must also be adequate.
253
RHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 4
Sheet
joints in Steel Construction  Simple Connections 7 of 5
1 Calcs by
RS
Checked by
AW
Date
May 2002
800kN
v
800kN
= 50
= 90
DP = 2 8 0
= 90
L = 50
Design Information:
End Plates: 280 x 3 10 x 25
Bolts: M24 8.8
Material: 5275 steel
Weld: 12mm fillet
254
RHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 4

Sheet Capacity Applied
CHECK Comments
Nos kN kN

3 CHECK 7
Recommended detailing Not Not All recommendations
practice Applicable Applicable adopted
3 CHECK 2
Complete end plate yielding Not applicable due to end plate
thickness limitations
CHECK 3
Bolt failure with end plate yielding 850 800 CRITICAL C H E C K
CHECK 4
Bolt Croup
 Tension capacity 7 188 800
5 CHECK 5
Weld
 Tension capacity 924 800 Full strength welds
5 CHECK 6
Member
 Tension capacity 7 232 800

Yellow pages
2 0 0 x 7 00 x 8.0 RHS Grade 5275 Standard connection Table H.38
255
RHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 4
Sheet
3 of 5
Holes (d + 2mm) Dh

 26mm
800kN
Basic Requirement:
Ft I
6 = 1 
Dh 
P
256
RHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 4
F, I N P, P, from
Yellow pages
Table H.49
NP, = 6x198
= 7188kN
f, = 800kN < 1 188kN ... 0.K
257
RHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 4
CHECK 5: Welds
continuous
I weld

8OOkN
= 700
 +
s = 72mm FW
D = 200
or
(ii) f, I 2DapWx1.25
pw from
Pw = design strength of weld 
 220N/mm2
BS 5950  7
Table 37
weld throat a = 0.7 s = 0.7x12mm 
 8.4mm
(i) t, .*. 0 . K
= 8.Omm I 8.4mm
Basic Requirement:
F, I A PY
Yellow pages
A = 44.8cm2 Table H.72
p,, from
= 275 N/mm2
PY BS 5950  7
Table 9
44.8 x 702 x 275

 7 232kN
A PY 1 03
258
CHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 5
7SOkN
25
273 x 6.3 CHS Grade 5275 25
750kN
480 diameter
Design Information:
End Plates: 25mm thick
Bolts: M24 8.8
Material: 5275 steel
Weld: 12mm fillet
259
CHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 5
Capacity Applied
Comments
kN kN
l3 CHECK 2
Complete end plate yielding 1610 75 0
II: CHECK 3
Bolt failure with end plate yielding 1036 750 CRITICAL CHECK
I" CHECK 4
Bolt failure 1584 75 0
CHECK 5
CHECK 6
Member
 Tension capacity 7 452 75 0
Yellow pages
273 x 6.3 CHS Grade 5275 Standard connection Table H.36
Total number of bolts N = 8
End plate thickness = 20mm See
Table H.34
Tying capacity = 946kN
note (2)
Applied force = 750kN
750kN < 946kN .*. O.K.
Note: The capacity from Table H.36 is conservatively based on the thickest
section in the range.
260
CHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 5
Bolts d = 24mmdia
Holes D, = 26mm
L
750kN 750kN
U D = 273
e, = 53.5
I
tp = 25
Basic requirement:
F,
f3

 
1 ( k 3 i(k32  4 k l )0.5
2kl
kl
‘2
D  t, 273  6.3
‘3
   = 133.4
2 2
190
 = In7.42 = 0.354
kl In 1 3 3 . 4
k3
= k, + 2 = 0.354 i 2 = 2.354
1
.: f3 

2 x 0.354
(2.354 i(2.3542 4 x 0.354)0‘5)
= 6.19
252x265x~x6.19
.: Plate capacity 
2 x 703
= 1670kN
Ft
= 750kN I 1610kN .*. O.K.
26 7
CHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 5

CHECK 3: Bolt failure with end plate vieldinq
= 1 39
750kN 750kN
e1 = 53.5
e2 = 50
t'
Basic requirement:
1
1  + [In = natural log,]
Pt from
Yellow pages
Exact bolt capacity = 798kN Table H.49
6.19 CHECK 2
D 273
2+ el+ e e f = + 53.5 + 50 =
2
240mrr;
D
 2 73
 +53.5 = 190mm
2  
2
240
ln(rl/rJ = = In 1.263 = 0.234
In 790
8x 198
.: Bolt group capacity = f
1 1
= 7036kR
P  6.19 + 6 . 1 9 ~0.234 )
f, = 750kN < 1036 kN .* O.K.
f, I N Pt
P, from
Yellow pages
NP, = 8~ 198
Table H.49
= 1584 kN
F, = 750kN < 7584kN .* 0.K
262
CHS Tension Splices  Worked Example 5
CHECK 5: Welds
continuous
weld
,
750kN 7SOkN
3mm 4 +
t t w = 6.3
(ii) F, I w D a pw
pw from
Pw = design strength of weld 220N/mm2
3S 5950  7
Table 37
weld throat a = 0.7 s = 0.7x12mm 8.4mm
Basic requirement:
F, I A PY
Yellow pages
A = 52.8cm2 Table H.70
p, from
py = 275 N/mm2 BS 5950  I
Table 9
263
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