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Electrical Elements Design (2150904)

Active Learning Assignment


on
Concentric Windings

Prepared By:
Guided By :
Patel RajalKumar H.
Prof. Purv Mistry
(160123109013)
Electrical Department

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Introduction
• Three-phase concentric winding consists of coil groups laid in
the slots so that all the coils of each group are concentric.

• That is, the coil with the smallest slot pitch is surrounding by
the coil with the next larger slot pitch and so on to make up a
coil group.

• Each coil consists of several turns and the cross-over from one
coil to the next is indicated by a short slanted line (jumper).

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Types of AC armature winding
AC Armature
Windings

Single layer Double layer


winding winding

Concentric Mush Lap Wave


winding winding winding winding

Whole
Hemitro Integral Fraction Integral Fraction
coil
-pic slot -al slot slot -al slot
winding
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Concentrated armature winding
• Concentrated winding is employed where number of slots on
the armature is equal to number of poles in the machine.

• This armature winding of alternator gives maximum output


voltage but not exactly sinusoidal.

• Here, number poles = number of slots = number of coil sides


, which is shown in below fig.

• Here, one coil side is inside one slot under one pole and
other coil side inside other slot under next pole.

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Construction of concentrated winding
• In order to construct the diagram for a winding, the following
data must be known:

S - The number of slots in the stator

P – The number of poles

m – The number of phases

YS – The pitch of the winding

a – The number of parallel circuits in the windings

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• The pitch of the winding is determined by
the formula YS 
S Coil-sides

P
• The pitch is the distance between two sides
Pole-pitch

of a coil expressed as the difference between


the numbers of the slots in which the sides
A coil-group with 3-coils

lie.
q

• Another important value of the winding of ac Y1


1 12
Y2
2 11
machines is the number of slot per phase per 3 Y3
10
Jumper

pole denoted by the letter q. It can be


determined by the formula q  S Start Finish

Pm
(S) (F)

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Example#1: on concentric winding
Given data
S=24; p=4;m=3; a=1; type=Concentric
• Solution
1. The number of coil groups, K
P 4
K  3  3  6 i.e. there is two coil groups per phase
2 2

2. The number of slots per pole per phase, q


S 24
q  2 i.e. there are two coils in a group
m  p 3 4

3. Coil pitch

S 24 Full-Pitch ( average pitch)


YS   6
p 4

8
∴The shorter coil pitch = YS-1=6-1=5
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The larger coil pitch = YS+1=6+1=7

1. The electrical angle, 𝛾   180  P  180  4  720 


2. The angle between adjacent slots, 𝛼


720 
   30 
S 24

3. The distance between the beginning of each phase, 


120 
120 
   4 slots
 30 

4. If the beginning of Phase A is slot 1, then the beginning of


phase B is slot 1+=5 and the beginning of phase C is slot
1+2=1+8=9
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PROCEDURE FOR CONSTRUCTING OF
CONCENTRIC WINDINGS
Data: S= 24, P = 4, a = 1, q = 2, K = 6

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Coil Groups of Phase A
2. The first and second slots will be occupied by left-hand
sides of the first coil group of phase A.

3. Leave four, or 2q slots free for other two phases occupy slots
7 & 8 with the right hand side of the first coil group.

4. Next to it will lie a second coil group of the same size which
occupies slots 9,10,15,16.

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

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Coil Groups of Phase B
• In order to find, where the second phase (B) should begin, it is
necessary to know the angle between slots in electrical degrees.
 =180.P = 180.4 = 7200 – Electrical degree
• The angle between adjacent slots, 𝛼  720  
   30
S 24

• The distance between phase beginnings will have


120 120
   4 slots
 30

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

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Coil Groups of Phase C

21 4
22 3

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

22 3

21 4

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Current direction
N S N S
1-6 7-12 13-18 19-24

21 4

22 3

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
N
S N S
2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

22 3

21 4

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Phase A – Coil groups interconnection

21 4

22 3

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
N
S N S
2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

22 3

21 4

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Phase B – Coil groups interconnection

21 4

22 3

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
N
S N S
2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

22 3

21 4

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Phase C – Coil groups interconnection
21 4

22 3

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
N
S N S
2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

22 3

21 4

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Terminals
21 4

22 3

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
N
S N S
2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

22 3

21 4

A C’ B C A’ B’
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