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Perataan Momen dengan Metode Cross 3 (TL -TL -DL)

TITIK KUMPUL A B C D
BATANG AB BA BC CB CD DC
KOEF DISTR. ( μ ) 0.702 0.259 0.630 0.630 0.259 0.702
MOMEN PRIMER 365.82 (365.82) 16.11 (16.11) 216.67 (216.67)
(256.71) 90.75 220.39 (126.39) (52.04) 152.05

45.37 (128.36) (63.20) 110.19 76.02 (26.02)


(31.84) 49.71 120.72 (117.36) (48.32) 18.26

24.85 (15.92) (58.68) 60.36 9.13 (24.16)


(17.44) 19.36 47.01 (43.79) (18.03) 16.96

9.68 (8.72) (21.90) 23.51 8.48 (9.02)


(6.79) 7.95 19.30 (20.16) (8.30) 6.33

3.97 (3.40) (10.08) 9.65 3.16 (4.15)


(2.79) 3.50 8.49 (8.07) (3.32) 2.91

1.75 (1.39) (4.04) 4.25 1.46 (1.66)


(1.23) 1.41 3.42 (3.59) (1.48) 1.17

0.70 (0.61) (1.80) 1.71 0.58 (0.74)


(0.49) 0.63 1.52 (1.45) (0.60) 0.52

0.31 (0.25) (0.72) 0.76 0.26 (0.30)


(0.22) 0.25 0.61 (0.64) (0.26) 0.21

0.13 (0.11) (0.32) 0.31 0.10 (0.13)


(0.09) 0.11 0.27 (0.26) (0.11) 0.09

TOTAL 135.68 (350.66) 277.75 (126.47) 183.66 (83.66)


Perataan Momen dengan Metode Cross 2 (TL - DL - TL)
TITIK KUMPUL A B C D
BATANG AB BA BC CB CD DC
KOEF DISTR. ( μ ) 0.702 0.259 0.630 0.630 0.259 0.702
MOMEN PRIMER 365.818 (365.818) 13.148 (13.148) 284.652 (284.652)
(256.71) 91.52 222.26 (171.11) (70.46) 199.76

45.76 (128.36) (85.55) 111.13 99.88 (35.23)


(32.11) 55.51 134.81 (132.98) (54.76) 24.72

27.75 (16.06) (66.49) 67.40 12.36 (27.38)


(19.48) 21.42 52.02 (50.27) (20.70) 19.21

10.71 (9.74) (25.13) 26.01 9.61 (10.35)


(7.52) 9.05 21.98 (22.45) (9.24) 7.26

4.52 (3.76) (11.22) 10.99 3.63 (4.62)


(3.18) 3.89 9.44 (9.21) (3.79) 3.24

1.94 (1.59) (4.61) 4.72 1.62 (1.90)


(1.36) 1.61 3.90 (4.00) (1.65) 1.33

0.80 (0.68) (2.00) 1.95 0.67 (0.82)


(0.56) 0.70 1.69 (1.65) (0.68) 0.58

0.35 (0.28) (0.82) 0.84 0.29 (0.34)


(0.24) 0.29 0.70 (0.71) (0.29) 0.24

0.14 (0.12) (0.36) 0.35 0.12 (0.15)


(0.10) 0.12 0.30 (0.29) (0.12) 0.10

TOTAL 136.54 (342.30) 264.06 (182.42) 251.14 (108.99)


Perataan Momen dengan Metode Cross 1 (DL - TL - DL)
TITIK KUMPUL A B C D
BATANG AB BA BC CB CD DC
KOEF DISTR. ( μ ) 0.702 0.259 0.630 0.630 0.259 0.702
MOMEN PRIMER 267.173 (267.173) 16.111 (16.111) 216.670 (216.670)
(187.49) 65.15 158.22 (126.39) (52.04) 152.05

32.58 (93.74) (63.20) 79.11 76.02 (26.02)


(22.86) 40.73 98.91 (97.77) (40.26) 18.26

20.36 (11.43) (48.88) 49.45 9.13 (20.13)


(14.29) 15.65 38.01 (36.92) (15.20) 14.13

7.83 (7.14) (18.46) 19.01 7.06 (7.60)


(5.49) 6.64 16.14 (16.43) (6.76) 5.33

3.32 (2.75) (8.21) 8.07 2.67 (3.38)


(2.33) 2.84 6.91 (6.77) (2.79) 2.37

1.42 (1.17) (3.38) 3.45 1.19 (1.39)


(1.00) 1.18 2.87 (2.92) (1.20) 0.98

0.59 (0.50) (1.46) 1.43 0.49 (0.60)


(0.41) 0.51 1.24 (1.21) (0.50) 0.42

0.25 (0.21) (0.61) 0.62 0.21 (0.25)


(0.18) 0.21 0.51 (0.52) (0.22) 0.18

0.11 (0.09) (0.26) 0.26 0.09 (0.11)


(0.07) 0.09 0.22 (0.22) (0.09) 0.08

TOTAL 99.50 (251.19) 194.66 (143.86) 194.47 (82.36)


PERATAAN MOMEN DENGAN METODE CROSS
TITIK KUM E A A' B' B F
BATANG EA AE AA' AB A'A A'B' B'A' B'B B'C' BA BB' BC BF FB
KOEF.DISTR 0 0.130 0.130 0.740 0.174 0.817 0.000 0.000 0.665 0.265 0.047 0.642 0.047 0
MOMEN PRIMER 321.708 110.017 -110.017 4.574 -321.708 16.111 0
(41.867) (41.867) (237.973) (19.105) (89.907) - - 70.114 80.836 14.222 196.317 14.222
(20.93) 7.11
(9.553) 40.418 (20.934) - (44.953) 7.111 - (118.987) - - -
(4.017) (4.017) (22.832) 3.635 17.107 - - 25.163 31.474 5.537 76.437 5.537
(2.01) 2.77
1.818 15.737 (2.008) - 8.554 2.769 - (11.416) - - -
(2.285) (2.285) (12.986) 0.349 1.641 - - (7.529) 3.020 0.531 7.334 0.531
(1.14) 0.27
0.174 1.510 (1.142) - 0.821 0.266 - (6.493) - - -
(0.219) (0.219) (1.246) 0.198 0.933 - - (0.722) 1.717 0.302 4.171 0.302
(0.11) 0.15
0.099 0.859 (0.110) - 0.467 0.151 - (0.623) - - -
(0.125) (0.125) (0.709) 0.019 0.090 - - (0.411) 0.165 0.029 0.400 0.029
(0.06) 0.01
0.010 0.082 (0.062) - 0.045 0.014 - (0.354) - - -
(0.012) (0.012) (0.068) 0.011 0.051 - - (0.039) 0.094 0.016 0.228 0.016
(0.01) 0.01
0.005 0.047 (0.006) - 0.025 0.008 - (0.034) - - -
(0.007) (0.007) (0.039) 0.001 0.005 - - (0.022) 0.009 0.002 0.022 0.002
(0.00) 0.00
0.001 0.004 (0.003) - 0.002 0.001 - (0.019) - - -
(0.001) (0.001) (0.004) 0.001 0.003 - - (0.002) 0.005 0.001 0.012 0.001
(0.00) 0.00

TOTAL (24.27) (48.53) (55.98) 104.51 (37.66) 39.94 (145.06) 10.32 91.13 (342.31) 20.64 301.03 20.64 10.32
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

BANGUNAN BERTINGKAT BERLANTAI 2


Penyelesaian :
Adapun data - data sebagai berikut :
1 Peraturan Beton Indonesia SK SNI - 03 - 2002
2 Peraturan Pembebanan Gedung 1987
3 Bangunan berada pada daerah Gempa Zone 3 ( Medan)
3 Beban Hidup Atap = 1.0 kN / m2
4 Beban gerak lantai = 2.5 kN / m2
5 fc' = 20 MPa
6 fy utama = 390 MPa fy sengkang = 240 MPa
7 Tebal pelat - atap = 100 mm
- lantai = 200 mm
8 L = 4.00 m
b = 6.80 m
a = 2.80 m
9 Balok Melintang
Balok lantai = 300 x 600 mm
Balok atap = 300 x 600 mm
10 Balok Memanjang
Balok lantai = 300 x 500 mm
Balok atap = 300 x 500 mm
Balok anak lantai = 250 x 400 mm
Balok anak atap = 250 x 400 mm
11 Kolom
Kolom lantai dasar = 300 x 300 mm
Kolom lantai atas = 300 x 300 mm
12 Dinding
Dinding luar ===> bata = 2.50 kN / m2
Dinding dalam ===> Bata + kaca = 1.50 kN / m2
13 Plafon = 0.14 kN / m2
14 Ducting AC = 0.05 kN / m2
15 Tegel + Spesi = 0.50 kN / m2
16 Air hujan = 0.05 kN / m2
17 Data - data lain tentukan sendiri

5
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

I. PERHITUNGAN LANTAI
1.1. LANTAI ATAS / ATAP
Balok Melintang
Balok Memanjang

Balok Memanjang

Balok Memanjang

Balok Memanjang
A B C D E 4.00
Balok Anak

Balok Anak
F G H I J 4.00

Balok Melintang

4.00
K L M N O

Balok Melintang

P Q R S T 4.00

Balok Melintang

###
3.40 3.40 2.80 3.40 3.40

Denah Lantai Atap

Berhubung karena bentang lantai ada yang melebihi 4 m maka direncanakan balok anak.

6
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

1.1. LANTAI ATAS / ATAP


- Lantai atap = 2 (3.70 x 4.00) m , Lantai A dan yang lain sama type
ly = 4.00 m
lx = 3.40 m

ly / lx = 4.00 / 3.40
= 1.176

Dengan ly / lx = 1.176

Beban - beban :
Beban mati :
W lantai = 0.10 x 24.0 = 2.400 kN / m2
Air hujan = 0.05 x 10.0 = 0.500 kN / m2
g DL = 2.900 kN / m2

Beban hidup :
Beban gerak = 1.00 kN / m2

W ll = 1.00 kN / m2

Baban ultimit :

g ult. = 1.20 x 2.90 + 1.60 x 1.00 = 5.568 kN / m

Momen ultimate :
Kasus II .

mlx = 0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X


= 0.001 x 5.568 x 3.40 2 x 32.941 = 2.120 kNm
mly = 0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= 0.001 x 5.568 x 3.40 2 x 22.353 = 1.439 kNm

7
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

mtix = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X


= -0.001 x 5.568 x 3.40 2 x 61.59 = -3.964 kNm
mtiy = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 5.568 x 3.40 2 x 53.65 = -3.453 kNm
tebal pelat atap ==> h = 100 mm
Tulangan lantai direncanakan dia. 10 mm
arah x :
dx = 100 - 20 - 1/2 x D = 100 - 20 - 0.5 x 10
= 75 mm
arah y :
dy = 110 - 20 - 10 - 1/2 D = 100 - 20 - 10 - 0.5 x 10
= 65 mm

Penulangan lapangan arah x :

mlx = 2.120 = 376.941 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.075 ###

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00198 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.00184667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks= 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00198 x 1 x### 0.075 x 10 6 = 148.85 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 148.85 mm2

Penulangan lapangan arah y :

mly = 1.439 = 340.53756 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.065 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

8
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ = 0.00180 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00180 x 1.00 x 0.065 x 10 6 = 117.1747 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 117.17471 mm2 ok

Penulangan tumpuan arah x :

mlx = 3.964 = 704.74547 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.075 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00372 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00372 x 1 x 0.075 x 10 6 = 279.00 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 279.00 mm2

Penulangan tumpuan arah y :

mly = 3.453 = 817.29015 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.065 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00440 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00440 x 1.00 x 0.065 x 10 6 = 286 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 286 mm2 ok

9
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

- Lantai atap = 2.60 x 4.0 m (Lantai - C dan sama dengan type yang lain

ly = 4.00 m
lx = 2.80 m

ly / lx = 4 / 2.80
= 1.429

Dengan ly / lx = 1.429

Beban - beban :
Beban mati :
W lantai = 0.100 x 24.00 = 2.400 kN / m2
Air hujan = 0.050 x 10.00 = 0.500 kN / m2
g DL = 2.900 kN / m2

Beban hidup : :
Beban gerak = 1.00 kN / m2

W ll = 1.00 kN / m2

Baban ultimit :

g ult. = 1.20 x 2.900 + 1.60 x 1.00 = 5.080 kN / m

Momen ultimate :
Kasus II .

mlx = 0.001 x Wult


x lx2 x x X
= 0.001 x 5.080
x 2.80 2 x 43.160 = 1.719 kNm
mly = 0.001 x Wult
x lx2 x X
= 0.001 x 5.080
x 2.80 2 x 17.420 = 0.694 kNm
mtix = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 5.080 x 2.80 2 x 73.305 = -2.920 kNm
mtiy = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 5.080 x 2.80 2 x 56.290 = -2.242 kNm
tebal pelat atap ==> h = 100 mm
Tulangan direncanakan dengan dia. 10 mm

10
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

arah x :
dx = 110 - 20 - 1/2 D = 100 - 20###- 0.5 x 10
= 75 mm
arah y :
dy = 110 - 20 - 10 - 1/2 D = 100 - 20 - 10.0 - 0.5 x 10
= 65 mm

Penulangan lapangan arah x :

mlx = 1.719 = 305.59 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.075 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00162 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.00184667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00162 x 1.00 x 0.075 x 10 6 = 121.500 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 121.50 mm2

Penulangan lapangan arah y :

mly = 0.694 = 164.211 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.065 2

tabel 5.1.b ====> hal 45

ρ = 0.0008 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min > ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

11
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Ast = ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00185 x 1.0 x 0.065 x 10 6 = 120.03 mm2 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 120.03 mm2 ok

Penulangan tumpuan arah x :

mlx = 2.920 = 519.03 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.075 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00280 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00280 x 1.00 x 0.075 10 6 = 210.00 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 210.00 mm2

Penulangan tumpuan arah y :

mly = 2.242 = 530.62085 kN/m2


b d2 1.00 x 0.065 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00300 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00300 x 1.0 x 0.065 x 10 6 = 195.00 mm2

ambil D 8 - 175 mm ( Ast = 287 mm2) > 195.00 mm2 ok

12
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

1.2. LANTAI I

Balok Melintang

I II III IV V
Balok Memanjang

Balok Memanjang

Balok Memanjang

Balok Memanjang
4.00
Balok Anak

Balok Anak
VI VII VIII IX X
4.00

Balok Melintang

XI XII XIII XIV XV 4.00

Balok Melintang

XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX 4.00

Balok Melintang

###
3.40 3.40 2.80 3.40 3.40

Denah Lantai I

Berhubung karena bentang lantai ada yang melebihi 4 m maka dibuat balok anak.

13
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

- Lantai I = 2 ( 3.70 x 4.00 m) (Lantai - A dan yang lain sama type)


ly = 4.00 m
lx = 3.40 m

ly / lx = 4 / 3.40
= 1.176

Dengan ly / lx = 1.176

Beban - beban :
Beban mati :
W lantai = 0.200 x 24 = 4.800 kN / m2
Tegel + Spesi = 0.500 kN / m2
g DL = 5.300 kN / m2

Beban hidup : :
Beban gerak = 2.50 kN/m2

W ll = 2.50 kN/m2

Baban ultimite :

g ult. = 1.20 x 5.300 + 1.60 x 2.50 = 10.36 kN / m

Momen ultimate :
Kasus II .

mlx = 0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X


= 0.001 x 10.36 x 3.40 2 x 32.941 = 3.945 kNm
mly = 0.001 x Wult x lx 2 x X
= 0.001 x 10.36 x 3.40 2 x 22.353 = 2.677 kNm
mtix = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 10.360 x 3.40 2 x 61.588 = -7.376 kNm
mtiy = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 10.360 x 3.40 2 x 53.647 = -6.425 kNm
tebal pelat lantai ==> h = 200
Tulangan direncanakan dengan dia. 10 mm

14
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

arah x :
dx = 120 - 20 - 1/2 x D = 200 - 20 - 0.5 x 10 = 175 mm
= 175 mm
arah y :
dy = 120 - 20 - 10 - 1/2 D = 200 - 20 - 10 - 0.5 x 10
= 165 mm

dy dx

10
20

Penulangan lapangan arah x :

mlx = 3.945 = 128.8192 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.175 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.0006 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00060 x 1.00 x 0.175 x 0.175 x10 6 = 105.00 mm2

ambil D 8 - 200 mm ( Ast = 251 mm2) > 105.00 mm2

Penulangan lapangan arah y :

mly = 2.677 = 98.329624 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.165 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00050 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.001846667 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00050 x 1.00 x 0.165 x 10 6 = 82.50 mm2

15
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ambil D 8 - 200 mm ( Ast = 251 mm2) > 82.50 mm2 ok

Penulangan tumpuan arah x :

mlx = 7.376 = 240.8459 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.175 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00130 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.00184667 (tabel 7) ρ min > ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0173 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00130 x 1.00 x 0.175 x 10 6 = 227.50 mm2

ambil D 10 - 150 m ( Ast = 524 mm2) > 227.50 mm2

Penulangan tumpuan arah y :

mly = 6.425 = 235.9911 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.165 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00130 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.0025 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0404 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00130 x 1.0 x 0.165 x 10 6 = 214.50 mm2

ambil D 10 - 150 m ( Ast = 524 mm2) > 214.50 mm2 ok

16
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

- Lantai I = 2.60 x 4.0 m (Lantai C dan yang lain sesuai type)

ly = 4.00 m
lx = 2.80 m

ly / lx = 4 / 2.80
= 1.429

Dengan ly / lx = 1.429

Beban - beban :
Beban mati :
W lantai = 0.200 x 24 = 4.800 kN / m2
Air hujan = 0.050 x 10.0 = 0.500 kN / m2
g DL = 5.300 kN / m2

Beban hidup : :
Beban gerak = 2.50 kN / m2

W ll = 2.50 Kn/m2

Baban ultimit :

g ult. = 1.20 x 5.300 + 1.60 x 2.50 = 10.360 kN / m

Momen ultimate :
Kasus II .

mlx = 0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X


= 0.001 x 10.360 x 2.80 2 x 43.160 = 3.506 kNm
mly = 0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= 0.001 x 10.360 x 2.80 2 x 17.420 = 1.415 kNm
mtix = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 10.360 x 2.80 2 x 73.305 = -5.954 kNm
mtiy = -0.001 x Wult x lx2 x X
= -0.001 x 10.360 x 2.80 2 x 56.290 = -4.572 kNm
tebal pelat atap ==> h = 100 mm
Tulangan direncanakan dengan dia. 10 mm

17
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

arah x :
dx = 120 - 20 - 1/2 x D = 200 - 20 - 0.5 x 10 = 175 mm
= 175 mm
arah y :
dy = 120 - 20 - 10 - 1/2 D = 200 - 20 - 10 - 0.5 x 10.0
= 165 mm

Penulangan lapangan arah x :

mlx = 3.506 = 114.46723 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.175 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00060 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.0025 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0404 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00060 x 1.0 x 0.175 x 10 6 = 105.00 mm2

ambil D 8 - 200 mm ( Ast = 251 mm2) > 105.00 mm2

Penulangan lapangan arah y :

mly = 1.415 = 51.970402 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.165 2

18
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00030 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.0025 (tabel 7) ρ min > ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0404 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00030 x 1.0 x 0.165 x 10 6 = 49.50 mm2

ambil D 8 - 200 mm ( Ast = 251 mm2) > 49.50 mm2 ok

Penulangan tumpuan arah x :

mlx = 5.954 = 194.41659 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.175 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00105 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.0025 (tabel 7) ρ min < ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0404 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00105 x 1 x 0.175 x 10 6 = 183.75 mm2

ambil D 8 - 200 mm ( Ast = 251 mm2) > 183.75 mm2

Penulangan tumpuan arah y :

mly = 4.572 = 167.93421 kN/m2


b d2 1 x 0.165 2

Tabel 5.1.b ==> hal 45 dari Grafik dan Tabel Perhitungan Beton Bertulang Seri 4 (C U R)

ρ = 0.00090 (interpolasi)
ρ min = 0.0025 (tabel 7) ρ min > ρ < ρ maks ok
ρ maks = 0.0404 (tabel 8)

Ast =ρ x b x d 10 6
Ast = 0.00090 x 1 x 0.165 x 10 6 = 148.500 mm2

ambil D 8 - 200 mm ( Ast = 251 mm2) > 148.50 mm2 ok

19
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Tabel ini agar di isi lengkap.


Tabel Penulangan Lantai Atap :

No. Pelat Tulangan Lapangan Tulangan Tumpuan


No Dipakai Keterangan
Lantai Utama (Sb.X) Pembagi (Sb.Y) Utama Pembagi
1 A D D D D
2 B D D D D
3 C D D D D
4 D D D D D
5 E D D D D
6 F D D D D
7 G D D D D
8 H D D D D
9 I D D D D
10 J D D D D
11 K D D D D
12 L D D D D
13 M D D D D
14 N D D D D
15 O D D D D
16 P D D D D
17 Q D D D D
18 R D D D D
19 S D D D D
20 T D D D D
21
22

20
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Tabel Penulangan Lantai I :

No. Pelat Tulangan Lapangan Tulangan Tumpuan


No Dipakai Keterangan
Lantai Utama (Sb.X) Pembagi (Sb.Y) Utama Pembagi
1 I D D D D D = diameter
2 II D D D D
3 III D D D D
4 IV D D D D
5 V D D D D
6 VI D D D D
7 VII D D D D
8 VIII D D D D
9 IX D D D D
10 X D D D D
11 XI D D D D
12 XII D D D D
13 XIII D D D D
14 XIV D D D D
15 XV D D D D
16 XVI D D D D
17 XVII D D D D
18 XVIII D D D D
19 XIX D D D D
20 XX D D D D
21
22

21
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

II. BALOK
2.1 Balok Lantai
Skets :

P1 P1

A B C D

3.40 3.40 2.80 3.40 3.40

s = 4.00 m b/2 = 3.40 m


b = 6.80 m
a = 2.80 m

Beban yang dipikul balok :


Beban mati :
- Pelat lantai = 0.200 x 24 = 4.800 kN/m2
- Tegel + Spesi = 0.500 = 0.500 kN/m2
- Plafon = 0.140 = 0.140 kN/m2
- Ducting AC = 0.050 = 0.050 kN/m2
Total = 5.490 kN/m2

Beban Gerak :
W ll = 2.50 kN/m2

- Berat Balok = 0.30 x 0.60 x 24.00 = 4.32 kN/m


- Berat bata = 2.50 x 3.50 x 1.00 = 8.75 kN/m

22
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

BALOK AB P1 P1

A B A B he

3.40 6.80
6.80
S = 3.40 m ( terpendek) h = 1.700 m
L = 4.00 m ( terpanjang)

he = 1/2 h
= 0.50 x 1.700
= 0.85 m

hetot = 2 x 0.8500 = 1.700 m

1 2 1 2 he

4.00 4.00

S = 3.40 m ( terpendek) h = 1.700 m


L = 4.00 m ( terpanjang)

he = h { 1 - 1/3 (S/L) 2 }
= 1.700 { 1 - 1/3 ( 3.40 / 4.00 ) 2 }
= 1.700 m

hetot = 2 x 1.700 = 3.400 m

Beban mati :
Beban dari pelat = 5.490 kN/m2
Beban Balok = 4.320 kN/m
Berat bata = 8.750 kN/m

Beban Gerak :
Beban Gerak = 2.50 kN/m2

23
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Tiap m' balok AB :


Beban dari pelat = 3.400 x 5.490 = 18.666 kN/m
Beban Balok = 4.320 kN/m
Berat bata = 8.750 kN/m
= 31.736 kN/m

Beban Gerak = 3.400 x 2.50 = 8.500 kN/m


g TL = 40.236 kN/m
Beban P1 adalah :
Luas Segitiga = 13.600 m2
- Pelat = 1.20 x 13.600 x 5.490 = 89.597 kN/m
- Balok = 0.25 x 0.35 x 24 x 4.00 x 1.2 = 10.080 kN/m
- Bata = 8.750 x 4.00 x 1.2 = 42.000 kN/m
P1 DL = 141.677 kN/m
- Beban gerak = 13.600 x 2.50 x 1.6 = 54.400 kN/m
P1 TL = 196.077 kN/m

P1

g ll
A B
g

6.80

g DL-U = 1.2 x 31.74 = 38.083 kN/m


g LL-U = 1.6 x 8.50 = 13.600 kN/m
g TL-U = 51.683 kN/m

Momen Primer :

= 1/8 x P1 DL x L + 1/12 qdl lx =


2
Mo DL 1/8 x 141.677 x 6.8 +
1/12 x 38.083 x 6.80 2 = 267.173 kNm
= 1/8 x P1 TL x L + 1/12 qTL lx =
2
Mo TL = 1/8 x 196.08 x 6.8 +
1/12 x 51.683 x 6.80 2 = 365.82 kNm

24
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

BALOK BC

B C B C he

3.40 3.40

he = 0.667 x h
= 0.667 x 1.700 = 1.134 m
hetot = 2 x 1.134 = 2.268 m
Tiap m' balok BC :
Beban dari pelat = 2.268 x 5.490 = 12.450 kN/m
Beban Balok = 4.320 kN/m
g DL-U = 16.770 kN/m

Beban Gerak = 1.134 x 2.50 = 2.835 kN/m


g TL 19.605 kN/m

g DL-U = 1.20 x 16.77 = 20.124 kN/m


g LL-U = 1.60 x 2.835 = 4.536 kN/m
g TL-U = 24.660 kN/m

g ll

B C
g

2.80

Momen Primer :

Mo DL = 1/12 x 20.124 x 2.80 2 = 13.148 kNm


Mo TL = 1/12 x 24.660 x 2.80 2 = 16.111 kNm

25
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

BALOK CD

P1 P1
A B A B he

3.40
6.80
6.80

he = 0.5 x h
= 0.50 x 1.700 = 0.850 m
hetot = 2 x 0.850 = 1.700 m

1 2 1 2 he

4.00 4.00
S = 2.80 m ( terpendek) h = 1.400 m
L = 4.00 m ( terpanjang)
he = h { 1 - 1/3 (S/L) 2 }
= 1.400 { 1 - 1/3 ( 2.80 / 4.00 ) 2 }
= 1.172 m

hetot = 2 x 1.172 = 2.343 m


Tiap m' balok CD :
Beban dari pelat = 2.343 x 5.490 = 12.864 kN/m
Beban Balok = 4.320 kN/m
Berat bata = 8.750 kN/m
= 25.934 kN/m

Beban Gerak = 2.343 x 2.500 = 5.858 kN/m


g TL = 31.792 kN/m
Beban P1 adalah :
Luas Segitiga = 9.37 m2
- Pelat = 1.20 x 9.372 x 5.490 = 61.746 kN/m
- Balok = 0.25 x 0.35 x 24 x 4.00 x 1.20 = 10.080 kN/m
- Bata = 8.750 x 4.00 x 1.2 = 42.000 kN/m
P1 DL = 113.826 kN/m
- Beban gerak = 9.372 x 2.50 x 1.60 = 37.490 kN/m
P1 TL = 151.316 kN/m

26
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

P1

g ll

C D
g

6.80

g DL-U = 1.20 x 25.934 = 31.121 kN/m


g LL-U = 1.60 x 5.858 = 9.372 kN/m
g TL-U = 40.493 kN/m

= 1/8 x P1 DL x L + 1/12 qdl lx =


2
Mo DL 1/8 x 113.826 x 6.80 +
1/12 x 31.121 x 6.80 2 = 216.670 kNm
= 1/8 x P1 TL x L + 1/12 qTL lx =
2
Mo TL = 1/8 x 151.32 x 6.80 +
1/12 x 40.493 x 6.80 2 = 284.65 kNm

A' B' C' D'

250/250
### 3.80

A 250/600 B C D

### 3.80
E F G H

INERSIA
I ka = 1/12 x 30 x 30 3 = 67,500.0 cm4 = 1 I
I kb = 1/12 x 30 x 30 3 = 67,500.0 cm4 = 1 I
I ba = 1/12 x 30 x 60 3 = 540,000.0 cm4 = 8.00 I
I bb = 1/12 x 30 x 60 3 = 540,000.0 cm4 = 8.00 I

27
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

TITIK A

μ AB : μ AE : μ AA' = 4 x 8.00 EI : 4 1 EI : 4 1 EI
6.80 ### 4.00 4.00
= 4.71 : 1.00 : 1.00

= 6.706

μ AB = 4.71 / 6.706 = 0.702


μ AE = 1.000 / 6.706 = 0.149
μ Aa' = 1.000 / 6.706 = 0.149

TITIK B

μ BA : μ BB' : μ BC : μ BF = 4 8.000 EI : 4 1 EI : 4 8.0 EI: 4 1 EI


6.80 4.00 2.80 ###
= 4.71 : 1.00 : 11.429 : 1.00
= 18.134

μ BA = 4.71 / 18.134 = 0.259

μ BB' = 1.00 / 18.134 = 0.055

μ BC = 11.43 / 18.134 = 0.630

μ BF = 1.00 / 18.134 = 0.055

Perataan Momen dengan Metode Cross

28
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Free body Diagram Balok ABCD (Cross 1) DL - TL - DL

P1 P1

A B B C C D
g g g
DL TL DL

3.40 3.40 3.40 3.40


6.80 2.80 6.80

Balok AB :
P1 DL = 113.826 kN/m
g DL = 38.083 kN/m b = 6.80 m
g TL = 40.493 kN/m a = 2.80 m
M AB = 99.504 kNm
M BA = 251.191 kNm
MAB + MBA
RA = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1
L
99.504 + (251.191)
= 1/2 x 38.083 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 113.83
6.80
= 164.089 kN
MAB + MBA
RB kr = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1
L
(99.504) + 251.191
= 1/2 x 38.083 x 6.8 + + 1/2 x 113.83
6.80
= 208.703 kN
Mx = RA x X - 1/2 x g DL x X 2 - P1 ( x - 3.50) - (MAB + M BA) x /L
= 164.089 X - 1/2 x 38.083 x X 2 - ( 113.826 x ( x - 3.40 )
dMx = 164.089 - 38.083 X - ### x = 1.320 m
dx
Mx = 164.089 x 1.320 - 1/2 x 38.083 x 1.320### - ( 99.504 + 251.191 )
x ( 1.320 / 7 )
= 115.33 kNm
M x=3.5 = Rdkr x X - 1/2 x g DL X 2 - (MAB + M BA) x /L
= 164.089 x 3.4 - 1/2 x 38.083 x 3.40 2 - ( 99.504 + 251.191 )
x ( 2.80 / 6.80 )
= 193.378 kNm

DA = RA = 164.089 kN
Dtkr = RA - g DL x X
= 164.089 - 38.083 x 3.40 = 34.606 kN

29
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Dtkn = 34.606 - P1
= 34.606 - 141.677 = -107.071 kN
DB kr = -107.071 - g DL x X
= (107.071) - 38.083 x 3.40
= (236.554) kN

Balok BC :
MBC = 194.66 kN
MCB = 143.86 kN
MBC + MCB
RB kn = 1/2 x g TL x L +
L
194.66 + (143.864)
= 1/2 x 40.493 x 2.80 +
2.80
= 74.832 kN
MBC + MCB
RC kr = 1/2 x g TL + L +
L
(194.7) + 143.86
= 1/2 x 40.493 x 2.80 +
2.80
= 38.55 kN
Mx = Rbkn x X - 1/2 x g DL - X2 - MBC
= 74.832 x X - - 1/2 x 38.083 x X2 = 194.66
dMx = 74.832 - 38.083 X x = 1.965 m
dx
Mx = 74.832 x 1.965 - 1/2 x (107.07) x 1.965 2 - 194.66
= 159.087 kNm

DBkn = RBkn = 74.832 kN


DB kr = RBkr - 40.493 x X
= 74.832 - 40.493 x 2.80
= (38.548) kN

Balok CD :
M CD = 194.47 kNm
M DC = 82.363 kNm
MCD + MDC
Rc kn = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1
L

30
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

194.47 + (82.363)
= 1/2 x 38.083 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 113.83
6.80
= 202.882 kN
MCD + MDC
Rd kr = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1
L
(194.466) + 82.363
= 1/2 x 38.083 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 113.83
6.80
= 169.910 kN
Mx = RD x X - 1/2 x g DL x X 2 - P1 ( x - 3.50) - (MCD + M DC) x /L
= 169.910 X - 1/2 x 38.083 x X 2 - ( 113.826 x ( x - 3.40 )
dMx = 169.910 - 38.083 X - ### x = 1.473 m
dx
Mx = 169.910 x 1.473 - 1/2 x 38.083 x 1.473### - ( 194.466 + 82.363 )
x ( 1.473 / 7 )
= 190.27 kNm
M x=3.5 = Rdkr x X - 1/2 x g DL X 2 - (MCD + M DC) x /L
= 169.910 x 3.4 - 1/2 x 38.083 x 3.40 2 - ( 194.466 + 82.363 )
x ( 3.40 / 6.80 )
= 219.159 kNm
DC kn = RC kn = 202.882 kN
Dtkr = RC kn - g DL x X
= 202.882 - 38.083 x 3.40 = 73.399 kN
Dtkn = 73.399 - P1 DL

= 73.399 - 141.677 = -68.278 kN


DD kr = Rt kn - 38.083 x X
= (68.278) - 38.083 x 3.40
= (197.761) kN

Free body Diagram Balok ABCD (Cross 2) TL - DL - TL

P1 P1

A B B C C D
g g g
TL DL TL

3.40 3.40 3.40 3.40


6.80 2.80 6.80
Balok AB :
P1 TL = 151.316 kN/m
g DL = 16.111 kN/m b = 6.80 m b/2 = 3.40 m
g TL = 51.683 kN/m a = 2.80 m
M AB = 136.538 kNm
M BA = 342.302 kNm

31
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

MAB + MBA
RA = 1/2 x g TL x L + + 1/2 x P1TL
L
136.538 + (342.302)
= 1/2 x 51.683 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 151.316
6.80
= 221.12 kN
MAB + MBA
RB kr = 1/2 x g TL x L + + 1/2 x P1TL
L
(136.538) + (342.302)
= 1/2 x 51.683 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 151.316
6.80
= 180.963 kN
Mx = RA x X - 1/2 x g DL x X 2 - P1 ( x - 3.50) - (MAB M BA) x /L
+

= 221.122 X - 1/2 x 16.111 x X 2 - ( 151.316 x ( x - 3.40 )


dMx = 221.122 - 51.683 X - 151.316 x = 1.351 m
dx
Mx = 221.122 x 1.351 - 1/2 x 51.683 x 1.351### - ( 136.538 + 342.302 )
x ( 1.351 / 7 )
= 156.41 kNm
M x=3.5 = Rakr x X - 1/2 x g DL X 2 - (MAB + M BA) x /L
= 221.122 x 3.4 - 1/2 x 51.683 x 3.40 2 - ( 136.538 + 342.302 )
x ( 2.80 / 6.80 )
= 255.915 kNm
DA = RA = 221.12 kN
Dtkr = RA - g TL x X
= 221.122 - 51.683 x 3.40 = 45.399 kN
Dtkn = 45.40 - P1TL
= 45.40 - 151.316 = -105.92 kN
DB kr = RBkr - g DL x X
= 221.12 - 51.683 x 6.80 - 151.316
= (281.64) kN

Balok BC :
MBC = 264.06 kN
MCB = 182.42 kN
MBC + MCB
RB kn = 1/2 x g DL x L +
L
264.06 + (182.418)
= 1/2 x 16.111 x 2.80 +
2.8
= 51.713 kN

32
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

MBC + MCB
RC kr = 1/2 x g DL xL +
L
(264.06) + 182.418
= 1/2 x 16.111 x 2.80 +
2.80
= (6.602) kN
Mx = Rbkn x X - 1/2 g DL X - ( MBC + M CB ) x / L

= 51.713 x X - 1/2 x 16.111 x X 2 - ( 264.06 + 182.418 ) x / 2.80


dMx = 51.713 - 16.111 X x= 3.21 m
dx
Mx = 51.713 x 3.21 - 1/2 x 16.111 x 3.21 2 - 264.06
= (428.83) kNm

DB kn = RBkn = 51.713 kN
DC kr = RBkn - 16.111 x X
= 51.713 - 16.111 x 2.80
= 2,332.83 kN

Balok CD :
M CD = 251.14 kNm
M DC = 108.989 kNm
MCD + MDC
Rc kn = 1/2 x g TL x L + + 1/2 x P1TL
L
251.14 + (108.99)
= 1/2 x 51.683 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 151.316
6.80
= 272.28 kN
MCD + MDC
Rd kr = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1TL
L
(251.14) + 108.99
= 1/2 x 51.683 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 151.316
6.80
= 230.477 kN
Mx = RD x X - 1/2 x g DL x X 2 - P1 ( x - 3.50) - (MCD + M DC) x /L
= 230.477 X - 1/2 x 51.683 x X 2 - ( 151.316 x ( x - - )
dMx = 230.477 - 51.683 X - 151.316 x = 1.532 m
dx
Mx = 230.477 x 1.532 - 1/2 x 51.683 x 1.532### - ( 251.135 + 108.989 )
x ( 1.532 / 7 )

33
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

= 211.27 kNm
M x=3.5 = Rdkr x X - 1/2 x g TL X 2 - (MCD + M DC) x /L
= 230.477 x 3.4 - 1/2 x 51.683 x 3.40 2 - ( 251.135 + 108.989 )
x ( 3.40 / 6.80 )
= 304.831 kNm
DC kn = DC kn = 272.28 kN
Dtkr = RC kn - g TL x X
= 272.285 - 51.683 x 1.70 = 184.42 kN
Dtkn = 184.42 - P1TL
= 184.42 - 151.316 = 33.11 kN
DD kr = 33.1 - 51.683 x X
= 33.1 - 51.683 x 1.70
= (54.75) kN

Free body Diagram Balok ABCD (Cross 3) TL - TL - DL

P1 P1

3.40 3.40 3.40 3.40


A B B C C D
g g g
TL TL DL

6.80 2.80 6.80


Balok AB :
P1 DL = 113.826 kN/m
P1 TL = 151.316 kN/m
g DL = 38.083 kN/m b = 6.80 m b/2 = 3.40 m
g TL AB = 51.683 kN/m a = 2.80 m
g TL BC = 24.660 kN/m
M AB = 135.68 kN/m
M BA = 350.66 kN/m
MAB + MBA
RA = 1/2 x g TL AB x L + + 1/2 x P1TL
L
135.685 + (350.662)
= 1/2 x 51.683 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 151.316
6.80
= 219.77 kN
MAB + MBA
RB kr = 1/2 x g TL AB x L + + 1/2 x P1TL
L
(135.685) + 350.662
= 1/2 x 51.683 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 151.316
6.80
= 283.00 kN
Mx = RA x X - 1/2 x g TL x X2 - MAB

34
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

= 219.767 x X - 1/2 x 51.683 x X 2 - 135.68


dMx = 219.767 - 51.683 X x = 4.252 m
dx
Mx = 219.767 x 4.252 - 1/2 x 51.683 x 4.252 2 - 135.68
- 151.316 x 0.852
= 202.61 kNm
M 1/2b = Rdkr x X - 1/2 x g TL X 2 - MCD
= 282.995 x 3.4 - 1/2 x 51.683 x 3.40 2 - 350.662
= 312.793 kNm

DA = RA = 219.77 kN
Dtkr = RA - g TLAB x X
= 219.767 - 51.683 x 3.40 = 44.044 kN
Dtkn = 44.044 - P1TL
= 44.044 - 151.316 = -107.27 kN
DB kr = -107.27 - g TL x X
= (107.3) - 51.683 x 3.40
= (283.00) kN

Balok BC :
MBC = 277.75 kN
MCB = 126.47 kN
MBC + MCB
RB kn = 1/2 x g TL BC x L +
L
277.75 + (126.467)
= 1/2 x 24.660 x 2.80 +
2.80
= 88.553 kN
MBC + MCB
RC kr = 1/2 x g TL BC x L +
L
(277.748) + 126.47
= 1/2 x 24.660 x 2.80 +
2.80
= (19.505) kN
Mx = Rbkn X - 1/2 x g TL x X 2 - MBC
= 88.553 x X - 1/2 x 24.660 x X 2 - 277.75
dMx = 88.553 - 24.660 X x = 3.591 m
dx
Mx = 88.553 x 3.591 - 1/2 x 24.660 x 3.591 2 - 277.75
= (118.8) kNm

35
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

DB kn = RBkn = 88.553 kN
DC kr = RBkn - g TL BC x X
= 88.553 - 24.660 x 2.80
= 19.505 kN

Balok CD :
M CD = 183.66 kNm
M DC = 83.658 kNm
MCD + MDC
Rc kn = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1DL
L
183.657 + (83.658)
= 1/2 x 38.083 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 113.826
6.80
= 201.102 kN
MCD + MDC
Rd kr = 1/2 x g DL x L + + 1/2 x P1DL
L
(183.657) + 83.658
= 1/2 x 38.083 x 6.80 + + 1/2 x 113.826
6.80
= 171.690 kN
Mx = RC kn x X - 1/2 x g DL X2 - MCD

= 201.102 x X - 1/2 x 38.083 x X 2 - 183.66


dMx = 201.102 - 38.083 X x = 5.281 m
dx
Mx = 201.102 x 5.281 - 1/2 x 38.083 x 5.281 2 - 183.66
- 113.826 x 1.881
= 133.251 kNm
M 1/2b = Rdkr x X - 1/2 x g DL X 2 - MCD
= 171.690 x 3.4 - 1/2 x 38.083 x 3.40 2 - 83.658
= 279.968 kNm

DC kn = DC kn = 201.102 kN
Dtkr = RC kn - g DL x X
= 201.102 - 38.083 x 3.40 = 71.619 kN
Dtkn = 71.619 - P1DL

= 71.619 - 113.826 = -42.207 kN


DD kr = -42.21 - g DL x X
= (42.21) - 38.083 x 3.40
= (171.690) kN

36
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

SUPERPOSISI

A B C D

E F G H

6.80 2.80 6.80


Berdasarkan ketiga cross di atas diambil yang paling besar.

1. BALOK LANTAI ABCD (MELINTANG)


TUMPUAN A = TUMPUAN D
MA = 136.54 kNm (negatif) d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 136.54 x 10###
k = = = 1.951
Ф b d 2
0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 k 0.85 fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 fc' fy
2 x 1.951 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.0053282
ρ min = 1.4 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.0035897
600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85 x
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

37
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ perlu < ρ min ρ min tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ min x b x d
= 0.0053282 x 300 x 540
= 863.17 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
863.17
n = = 3.05 ≈ 3 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN LAPANGAN AB :
MMAX = 156.41 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 156.41 x 10 6
k = = = 2.235
Ф bd 2
0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.235 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00617

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390

= 0.0168

ρ perlu > ρ min tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks

38
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Ast = ρ xbx d
= 0.00617 x 300 x 540
= 999.00 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
999.00
n = = 3.525 ≈ 4 btg
283.39

TUMPUAN B = TUMPUAN C
MB = 350.66 kNm (negatif) d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 350.66 x 10 6
k = = = 5.011
Ф b d2
0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 5.011 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.01566

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359

39
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

600 0.85 x fc'


ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390

= 0.0168

ρ perlu >
ρ min tul. Tunggal
<
ρ maks
Ast = ρ xbx d
= 0.01566 x 300 x 540
= 2537.09 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
2537.09
n = = 8.95 ≈ 9 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN BALOK BC
MMAX = 1/10 x gTL x lx 2
= 0.10 x 24.660 x 2.80 2
MMAX = 19.33 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 19.33 x 10 6
k = = = 0.276
Ф b d2 0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 0.276 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.0007142

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359

40
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

600 0.85 x fc'


ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390

= 0.0168

ρ perlu >ρ min tul. Tunggal


<ρ maks
Ast = ρ xbx d
= 0.00359 x 300 x 540
= 581.54 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
581.54
n = = 2.05 ≈ 3 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN LAPANGAN CD :
MMAX = 211.27 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 211.27 x 10 6
k = = = 3.019
Ф b d2 0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 3.019 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - } 1/2

0.85 x 20 390
= 0.0086

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

41
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390

= 0.0168

ρ perlu > ρ min tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ xbx d
= 0.00859 x 300 x 540
= 1390.99 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm


###
A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
1390.99
n = = 4.908 ≈ 6 btg
283.39

2. BALOK ATAP (A'B'C'D')

P' P'
g ll g ll g ll

g g g
A' B' C' D'

6.80 2.80 6.80

s = 3.40 m
b = 6.80 m
a = 2.80 m
Balok A'B' :
Beban yang dipikul balok :
Beban mati :
- Pelat lantai = 0.100 x 24 = 2.400 kN/m2
- Beban balok = 0.300 x 0.60 x 24 = 4.320 kN/m2
- Beban bata = 2.500 x 1.20 = 3.000 kN/m2
Total = 9.720 kN/m2

42
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Beban Gerak :
W ll = 1.00 kN/m2

A' B' A' B' he

3.40 3.40

S = 2.80 m ( terpendek) h= 1.400 m


L = 4.00 m ( terpanjang) b= 6.80 m

he = h { 1 - 1/3 (S/L) 2}

= 1.4 { 1 - 1/3 ( 2.80 / 4.00 ) 2 }


= 1.172 m

hetot = 2 x 1.172 = 2.343 m

Beban mati :
Beban dari pelat = 2.400 kN/m2
Beban Balok = 4.320 kN/m
Berat bata = 3.000 kN/m

Beban Gerak :
Beban Gerak = 1.0 kN/m2

Tiap m' balok A'B' :


Beban dari pelat = 2.343 x 2.400 = 5.623 kN/m
Beban Balok = 4.320 kN/m
Berat bata = 3.000 kN/m
= 12.943 kN/m

Beban Gerak = 2.343 x 1.00 = 2.343 kN/m


g TL = 15.287 kN/m
Beban P1 adalah :
Luas Trapesium = 7.967 m2
- Pelat = 1.20 x 7.967 x 2.400 = 22.944 kN/m
- Balok = 0.30 x 0.40 x 24 x 3.40 x 1.2 = 11.750 kN/m
- Bata = 3.000 x 1.20 x 1.2 = 4.320 kN/m
P1 DL = 39.014

43
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

- Beban gerak = 7.967 x 1.00 x 1.6 = 12.747 kN/m


P1 TL = 51.761 kN/m

P1

g ll

A' B'
g

6.80

g DL-U = 1.2 x 12.943 = 15.532 kN/m


g LL-U = 1.6 x 2.343 = 3.749 kN/m
g TL-U = 19.281 kN/m

Momen :
M A'B' = 1/4 x P' x b = 0.250 x 51.761 x 6.80 +
1/16 x 19.281 x 6.80 2 = 143.72 kNm
M B'A' = 1/4 x P' x b = 0.25 x 51.761 x 6.80 +
1/10 x 19.281 x 6.80 2 = 162.29 kNm
M Lap = 1/4 x P' x b = 0.25 x 51.761 x 6.80 +
1/14 x 19.281 x 6.80 2 = 151.68 kNm

RA' = RB' = 1/2 x gTL x L + 1/2 x P'


= 0.5 x 19.281 x 4.00 + 0.5 51.761 = 64.443 kNm

PENULANGAN LAPANGAN A'B' :


MMAX = 151.68 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 151.68 x 10 6
k = = = 2.1673
Ф b d2 0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.167 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - } 1/2

0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00597

44
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390

= 0.0168

ρ perlu >ρ min tul. Tunggal


<ρ maks
Ast = ρ xbx d
= 0.00597 x 300 x 540
= 966.39 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
966.39
n = = 3.41 ≈ 4 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN TUMPUAN A' :


MA'B' = 143.72 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 143.72 x 10 6
k = = = 2.054
Ф b d2
0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.054 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00563

ρ min = 1.4 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.0035897


600 0.85 x fc'

45
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1


600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu > ρ min ρ perlu tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.00563 x 300 x 540
= 911.89 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
911.89
n = = 3.22 ≈ 4 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN TUMPUAN B' :


MB'A' = 162.29 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 162.29 x 10 6
k = = = 2.319
Ф b d2 0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.319 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - } 1/2

0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00642

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

46
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu > ρ min ρ perlu tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.00642 x 300 x 540
= 1039.82 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
1039.82
n = = 3.67 ≈ 4 btg
283.39

BALOK B'C'

B C B C he

S = 3.40 m ( terpendek) h= 1.700 m


L = 4.00 m ( terpanjang) a= 3.40 m

he = 0.667 x h
= 0.667 x 1.700 = 1.134 m
hetot = 2 x 1.134 = 2.268 m

Beban dari pelat = 0.100 x 24 = 2.400 kN/m


Beban Balok = 0.300 x 0.59 x 24 = 4.248 kN/m
Beban Bata = 2.500 x 1.20 = 3.000 kN/m
g DL-U = 9.648 kN/m
Beban Gerak :
Beban Gerak = 1.00 kN/m2
gll = 0 x 1.00 = - kN/m

47
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Tiap m' balok B'C' :


Beban dari pelat = 2.268 x 2.400 = 5.443 kN/m
Beban Balok = 4.248 kN/m
Beban Bata = 3.000 kN/m
g DL-U = 12.691 kN/m

Beban Gerak = 2.268 x 1.00 = 2.268 kN/m


g TL = 14.959 kN/m
g DL-U = 1.20 x 12.691 = 15.229 kN/m
g LL-U = 1.60 x 2.268 = 3.628 kN/m
g TL-U = 18.857 kN/m

g ll

B' C'
g

2.80

RB' = RC' = 1/2 x gTL x L


= 0.5 x 18.857 x 2.8 = 26.4003 kNm
Momen :
###
M B' = 1/10 x 18.857 x 2.80 2 = 14.784 kNm
M C' = 1/10 x 18.857 x 2.80 2 = 14.784 kNm
M lap = 1/16 x 18.857 x 2.80 2 = 9.240 kNm

PENULANGAN TUMPUAN B' = C' :


MB' = 14.78 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
MA 14.78 x 10 6
k = = = 0.211
Ф b d2
0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 0.211 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00055

48
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu < ρ min ρ min tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ min x b x d
= 0.00359 x 300 x 540
= 581.54 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
581.54
n = = 2.05 ≈ 3 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN BALOK B' C' :


MLAP = 9.24 kNm d' = 40 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 40
fy = 390 MPa = 560 mm
MA 9.24 x 10 6
k = = = 0.123
Ф b d2
0.80 x 300 x 560 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 0.123 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00032

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359

49
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

600 0.85 x fc'


ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu < ρ min ρ min tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ min x b x d
= 0.00359 x 300 x 560
= 603.08 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm

A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
603.08
n = = 2.1281 ≈ 3 btg
283.39

BALOK C'D'
s = 4.00 m
b = 6.80 m
a = 2.80 m P1 P1

C' D' C' D' he

3.40 6.80
6.80

Beban yang dipikul balok :


Beban mati :
- Pelat lantai = 0.100 x 24 = 2.40 kN/m2
- Beban balok = 0.300 x 0.40 x 24 = 2.88 kN/m2
- Beban bata = 2.500 x 1.2 = 3.00 kN/m2
Total = 8.280 kN/m2

50
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Beban Gerak :
W ll = 1.00 kN/m2

C' D' C' D' he

4.00 4.00

L = 4.00 m ( terpanjang) h = 1.400 m


S = 2.80 m ( terpendek)
he = h { 1 - 1/3 (S/L) 2 }
= 1.400 { 1 - 1/3 ( 2.80 / 4.00 ) 2 }
= 1.172 m

hetot = 2 x 1.172 = 2.343 m

Beban mati :
Beban dari pelat = 2.400 kN/m
Beban Balok = 2.880 kN/m
Berat bata = 3.000 kN/m
8.280 kN/m
Beban Gerak :
Beban Gerak = 1.00 kN/m2

Tiap m' balok C'D' :


Beban dari pelat = 2.343 x 2.400 = 5.623 kN/m
Beban Balok = 2.880 kN/m
Berat bata = 3.000 kN/m
g DL = 11.503 kN/m

Beban Gerak = 2.343 x 1.00 = 2.343 kN/m


g TL = 13.847 kN/m
Beban P' adalah :
Luas Segitiga = 9.372 m2
- Pelat = 1.20 x 9.372 x 2.400 = 26.993 kN/m
- Balok = 0.30 x 0.40 x 24 x 4.00 x 1.2 = 13.824 kN/m
- Bata = 3.000 x 1.20 x 1.20 = 4.320 kN/m
P' DL = 45.137 kN/m
- Beban gerak = 9.372 x 1.00 x 1.6 = 14.996 kN/m
P' TL = 60.133 kN/m

51
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

P1

g ll

C' D'
g

6.80

g DL-U = 1.20 x 11.503 = 13.804 kN/m


g LL-U = 1.60 x 2.343 = 3.749 kN/m
g TL-U = 17.553 kN/m
Rc' = Rd' = 1/2 x gTL x L + 1/2 x P'
= 0.5 x 17.553 x 6.80 + 0.5 60.133 = 89.75 kNm

Momen :
M C'D' = 1/4 x P' x b = 0.25 x 60.133 x 6.80 +
1/10 x 17.553 x 6.80 2 = 183.39 kNm
M D'C' = 1/4 x P' x b = 0.25 x 60.133 x 6.80 +
1/16 x 17.553 x 6.80 2 = 152.95 kNm
M Lap = 1/4 x P' x b = 0.25 x 60.133 x 6.80 +
1/14 x 17.553 x 6.80 2 = 160.20 kNm

PENULANGAN LAPANGAN C'D' :


MMAX = 160.20 kNm d' = 60 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 60
fy = 390 MPa = 540 mm
M max 160.20 x 10 6
k = = = 2.289
Ф b d2 0.80 x 300 x 540 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.289 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - } 1/2

0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00633

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

52
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu >### ρ min ρ min tul. Tunggal


<### ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.00633 x 300 x 540
= 1025.30 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm


A1 = 1/4 x π d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
1025.30
n = = 3.62 ≈ 4 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN TUMPUAN C' :


MA'B' = 183.39 kNm d' = 40 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 40
fy = 390 MPa = 560 mm
M max 183.39 x 10 6
k = = = 2.437
Ф b d 2
0.80 x 300 x 560 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.437 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00677

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

53
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ perlu >### ρ min ρ min tul. Tunggal


<### ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.00677 x 300 x 560
= 1138.06 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm


A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
1138.06
n = = 4.02 ≈ 5 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN TUMPUAN D' :


MD'C' = 152.95 kNm d' = 40 mm
fc' = 20 MPa d = 600 - 40
fy = 390 MPa = 560 mm
M max 152.95 x 10 6
k = = = 2.03 kN/m
Ф b d2 0.80 x 300 x 560 2
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 2.032 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - } 1/2

0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00557

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu <### ρ min ρ min tul. Tunggal


<### ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.00557 x 300 x 560
= 935.13 mm2

54
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Pakai tul. Diameter = 19 mm


A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 19 2
= 283.39 mm
935
n = = 3.30 ≈ 4 btg
283.39

PENULANGAN GESER BALOK ABCD :


Balok Lantai :

P1 P1
g ll g ll g ll

g g g
A B C D

6.80 2.80 6.80

A B C D

6.80 2.80 6.80

BALOK AB :

A B

6.80

Daerah 1 :
RA = 221.12 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN

55
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.4486 kN


Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 221.122 - 72.4486
= 148.673 kN
Vs = 247.788 kN = 247,788.31 N

Pakai Sengkang D 12 mm ====> Av = 226.08 mm2


Av x fy x d 226.1 x 390 x 540
S = = = 192.15 mm
Vs 247,788.31
ambil = D 12 - 125 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s 300 mm
Daerah 2 :
Rb kiri = 281.64 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.4486 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 281.640 - 72.4486
= 209.192 kN
Vs = 348.653 kN = 348,652.59 N

Pakai Sengkang D 12 mm ====> Av = 226.08 mm2


Av x fy x d 226.1 x 390 x 540
S = = = 136.56 mm
Vs 348,652.59
ambil = D12 - 100 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s 300 mm

56
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

BALOK BC :

2.80
B C

Daerah 1 :
RB kn = 88.553 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.44860247 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 88.553 - 72.4486
= 16.104 kN
Vs = 26.840 kN = 26,840.09 N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300
ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s < 600 mm
Daerah 2 :
Rc kiri = (6.602) kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.4486 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= (6.602) - 72.4486
= (79.051) kN
Vs = (131.751) kN = (131,750.87) N

57
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :


Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300
ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s < 600 mm
Balok CD :

C D

6.80
Daerah 1 :
Rc = 272.285 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.4486 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 272.285 - 72.4486
= 199.836 kN
Vs = 333.060 kN = 333,060.22 N

Pakai Sengkang D 12 mm ====> Av = 226.08 mm2


Av x fy x d 226.1 x 390 x 540
S = = = 142.95 mm
Vs 333,060.22
ambil = D12 - 100 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s 300 mm
Daerah 2 :
RD kiri = 230.477 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.4486 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 230.477 - 72.4486
= 158.028 kN

58
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Vs = 263.381 kN = 263,380.69 N

Pakai Sengkang D 12 mm ====> Av = 226.08 mm2


Av x fy x d 226.1 x 390 x 540
S = = = 180.77 mm
Vs 263,380.69
ambil = D12 - 125 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s 300 mm

PENULANGAN GESER BALOK A'B'C'D' :


Balok Atap :

P' P'
g ll g ll g ll

g g g
A' B' C' D'
6.80 2.80 6.80

A' B' C' D'

6.80 2.80 6.80

BALOK A'B' :

A' B'

6.80
Daerah 1 :
RA' = 64.443 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.45 kN

59
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 64.443 - 72.45
= (8.006) kN
Vs = (13.343) kN = (13,342.97) N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300
ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s < 600 mm
Daerah 2 :
RB' kiri = 64.443 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.45 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 64.443 - 72.4486
= (8.006) kN
Vs = (13.343) kN = (13,342.97) N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390.00
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300
ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s < 600 mm
BALOK B'C ':

B' C'

2.80

60
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Daerah 1 :
Rb' kn = 26.400 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.45 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 26.400 - 72.4486
= (46.048) kN
Vs = (76.747) kN = (76,747.20) N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300
ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat : s < d/2 mm
s < 600 mm
Daerah 2 :
Rc' kiri = 26.400 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.45 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 26.400 - 72.45
= (46.048) kN
Vs = (76.747) kN = (76,747.20) N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300

ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat s < d/2 mm


s < 600 mm

61
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Balok C'D' :

C' D'

6.80
Daerah 1 :
Rc' = 89.75 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.4 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 89.747 - 72.4486
= 17.299 kN
Vs = 28.831 kN = 28,831.09 N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300

ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat s < d/2 mm


s < 600 mm
Rd' kiri = 89.75 kN (Vu)
Vc = 1/6 x √ fc' b d
= 1/6 x √ 20 x 300 x 540
= 120747.67 N
= 120.75 kN
Ф Vc = 0.60 x 120.75 = 72.45 kN
Ф Vs = Vu - Ф Vc
= 89.747 - 72.45
= 17.299 kN
Vs = 28.831 kN = 28,831.09 N
Tidak perlu sengkang khusus :
Pakai Sengkang minimum : D 8 mm ====> Av = 100 mm2
3 Av x fy 3 x 100 x 390
S = = = 390.00 mm
bw 300

62
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ambil = D8 - 200 mm Syarat s < d/2 mm


s < 600 mm
GAYA GEMPA :

A' B' C' D'

300/500 300/500 300/500


3.80

250/250 250/250 250/250

A 300/600 B 300/600 C 300/600 D

250/250 250/250 250/250


3.80

E F G H

6.80 2.80 6.80

63
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

6.80 2.80 6.80

Bobot Bangunan Bertingkat :


1 Lantai Atap :
- Pelat = 16.40 x 16.00 x 0.10 x 24 = 629.76 kN
- Balok Lintang = 0.30 x 0.60 x 16.4 x 5.00 x 24 = 354.24 kN
- Balok Manjang = 0.30 x 0.50 x 16.0 x 4.00 x 24 = 230.40 kN
- Balok Anak = 0.30 x 0.40 x 16.0 x 4.00 x 24 = 184.32 kN
- Plafon = 16.40 x 16.00 x 0.14 = 36.74 kN
- Ducting AC = 16.40 x 16.00 x 0.05 = 13.12 kN
- Bata mel = 1.75 x 13.60 x 2.50 x 5.0 = 297.50 kN
= 1.20 x 16.40 x 2.50 x 2.0 = 98.40 kN
- Bata memanj = 1.75 x 16.00 x 2.00 x 2.50 = 140.00 kN
- Kolom atas = = - kN
- Kolom bawah = 0.30 x 0.30 x 20.0 x 24 = 43.20 kN
- Air hujan = 16.40 x 16.00 x 0.05 x 10 = 131.20 kN
- Beban Gerak = 16.40 x 16.00 x 0.10 = 26.24 kN
W1 = 2,185.12 kN

64
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

2 Lantai I :
- Pelat = 16.40 x 16.0 x 0.12 x 24.00 = 755.71 kN
- Balok Lintang = 0.30 x 0.60 x 16.4 x 5.0 x 24 = 354.24 kN
- Balok Manjang = 0.30 x 0.50 x 16.0 x 4.0 x 24 = 230.40 kN
- Balok Anak = 0.25 x 0.35 x 16.0 x 4.0 x 24 = 134.40 kN
- Tegel + Spesi = 16.40 x 16.0 x 0.50 = 131.20 kN
- Plafon = 16.40 x 16.0 x 0.14 = 36.74 kN
- Ducting AC = 16.40 x 16.0 x 0.05 = 13.12 kN
- Bata mel = 3.50 x 6.80 x 2.50 x 5.00 = 297.50 kN
- Bata memanj = 3.50 x 16.0 x 2.00 x 2.50 = 280.00 kN
- Bata + kaca = 3.50 x 16.0 x 2.00 x 1.50 = 168.00 kN
- Kolom bawah = 20.00 x 3.50 x 0.30 x 0.30 x 24 = 151.20 kN
- Beban Gerak = 16.40 x 16.0 x 2.50 = 656.00 kN
W2 = 3,208.51 kN

F2 W2 = kN

F1 W1 = kN

Dari Peraturan Perencanaan Tahan Gempa Indonesai untuk Gedung Tahun 1987 :
Untuk bangunan gedung maka waktu getar alami :

T = 0.06 x t 3/4 det


= 0.06 x 8 3/4 det
= 0.28541 det

Dari grafik Zone 3 ( Medan )


Tanah lanau, maka C = 0.07
Faktor Keutamaan I = 1
Faktor Jenis Struktur k = 1

65
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

W total = W1 + W2
= 2,185.12 + 3,208.51
= 5,393.62 kN
Gaya Geser Total :
V = C I k W tot
= 0.07 x 1 x 1.00 x 5,393.62
= 377.554 kN
Gaya Gempa Tingkat :
Wi x hi
F = V
∑ Wi x hi

Tingkat Wi hi Wi hi Fi

II 2,185.12 8 17,480.93 217.714

I 3,208.51 4 12,834.03 159.840

∑ Wi hi = 30,314.96

217.714
F2 = = 54.428 kN
4
159.840
F1 = = 39.960 kN
4
Portal Arah X :

F2
A' B' C' D'

F1
A B C D 3.80

E F G H

3.80

6.80 2.80 6.80

F2

66
F1
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Portal Arah Y :

F2

3.80

F1

3.80

4 4 4 4

Garis berat parsial

F2
A' B' C' D'

F1
A B C D

E F G H

6.80 1.400 1.400 6.80

Mt

Inflection Joint ==>


menyerupai sendi
(titik balik)
Mb

67
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Pendekatan Inflection Joint pada kolom terletak pada kolom tengah tinggi kolom -
maka :

F2

R2 R2 R2 R2

6.80 1.400 1.400 6.80


Ri
Y
Ri

6.80 1.400

Ri Y
= '===> 1.400 Y = 8.20 Ri
1.400 8.200
8.2
Y = Ri = 5.8571 Ri
1.4
F2 x h/2 = ( 5.857 R2) x 8.2 R2 1.4 + R2 1.4 + 6 R2 x 8
= ( 5.857 R2 ) x 16.4 + R2 x 2.80
54.428 x 3.80 / 2 = 98.85714 R2
103.414 = 98.85714 R2
103.414
R2 = = 1.046 kN
98.857 5.8571 R2 = 6.127 kN

F2
A' B' C' D'

3.80
F1
A B C D

R1 R1 R1 R1

6.80 1.400 1.400 6.80

68
F1
A B C D

TUGAS STRK. BETON II.


R1 R1 R1 R1

F2 (h2 + h/2) + F1 (h1/2) = 5.86 R1 x 16.4 + R1 x 2.800


54.428 x ( 3.80 + 3.80 / 2 ) + 39.960 ( 4 / 2 ) = 98.857 R1
208.728 + 79.920 = 98.9 R1

288.648
R1 = = 2.920 kN
98.9 4 R1 = 17.102 kN
Akibat gaya gempa horizontal dapat dihitung dengan :
1 Takabeya
2 Kani
3 Cross
4 D. Value
5 Pendekatan - pendekatan lain

H2 H 2'

H2 H 2'

H1

H1

H2 x 2 = 1.046 x 3.40 ) = 0 H2 = 1.778 kN


H2' x 2 = 1.046 x 2.80 ) - 1.046 x 4.80
H2' = 3.975 kN

69
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

NORMAL KOLOM :

A' B' C' D'

300/500 300/500 300/500

3.80
250/250 250/250 250/250

A 300/600 B 300/600 C 300/600 D

250/250 250/250 250/250


3.80

E F G H

6.80 2.80 6.80

4.00

4.00
D

3.40 3.40 1.400

70
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Beban mati + Beban Hidup :


Kolom Pinggir :
Kolom II ( Atas)
- Pelat = 0.10 x 3.4 x 3.40 x 24 = 27.74 kN
- Balok Lintang = 0.30 x 0.60 x 3.40 x 24 = 14.69 kN
- Balok Manjang = 0.30 x 0.50 x 3.40 x 24 = 12.24 kN
- Balok Anak = 0.30 x 0.40 x 3.40 x 24 = 9.79 kN
- Plafon = 3.40 x 3.40 x 0.14 = 1.62 kN
- Ducting AC = 3.40 x 3.40 x 0.05 = 0.58 kN
- Bata blk mel = = - kN
= - kN
- Bata memanj = 1.20 x 2.50 x 3.40 = 10.20 kN
- Kolom atas = = - kN
- Kolom bawah = 0.30 x 0.30 x 3.50 x 24 = 7.56 kN
- Air hujan = 3.40 x 3.40 x 0.05 x 10 = 5.78 kN
PDL = 90.20 kN

- Beban Gerak = 3.40 x 3 x 1.00 PLL = 11.56 kN


PTL = 101.76 kN

Kolom Lantai I
- Pelat = 0.12 x 3.4 x 3.40 x 24 = 33.29 kN
- Balok Lintang = 0.30 x 0.60 x 3.40 x 24 = 14.69 kN
- Balok Manjang = 0.30 x 0.50 x 3.40 x 24 = 12.24 kN
- Balok Anak = 0.25 x 0.35 x 3.40 x 24 = 7.14 kN
- Tegel + Spesi = 3.40 x 3.40 x 0.50 = 5.78 kN
- Plafon = 3.40 x 3.40 x 0.14 = 1.62 kN
- Ducting AC = 3.40 x 3.40 x 0.05 = 0.58 kN
- Bata blk mel = 3.40 x 3.40 x 2.50 = 28.90 kN
= - kN
- Bata+kaca (pjng) = 3.40 x 3.40 x 1.50 = 17.34 kN
- Kolom = 0.30 x 0.30 x 3.50 x 24 = 7.56 kN
- Air hujan = = - kN
PDL
= 129.14 kN

- Beban Gerak = 3.40 x 3.40 x 2.50 PLL= 28.90 kN


PTL = 158.04 kN
PONDASI :
- Tiang = 0.30 x 0.30 x 1.75 x 24 = 3.78 kN

71
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

BEBAN :
BEBAN PER LANTAI TOTAL
KOLOM PDL PLL PTL PDL PTL

II 90.20 11.56 101.76 90.20 101.76

I 129.14 28.90 158.04 219.34 259.80

### 3.78 - 3.78 223.12 263.58

Kolom Tengah :
Kolom II ( Atas)
- Pelat = 0.10 x 3.10 x 3.40 x 24 = 25.30 kN
- Balok Lintang = 0.30 x 0.60 x 4.80 x 24 = 20.74 kN
- Balok Manjang = 0.30 x 0.50 x 3.40 x 24 = 12.24 kN
- Balok Anak = 0.30 x 0.40 x 3.40 x 24 = 9.79 kN
- Tegel + Spesi = - kN
- Plafon = 4.80 x 3.40 x 0.14 = 2.28 kN
- Ducting AC = 4.80 x 3.40 x 0.05 = 0.82 kN
- Bata blk mel = 3.40 x 3.50 x 2.5 = 29.75 kN
= - kN
- Bata memanj = 3.40 x 3.50 x 2.5 = 29.75 kN
- Kolom atas = = - kN
- Kolom bawah = 0.30 x 0.30 x 3.50 x 24 = 7.56 kN
- Air hujan = 4.80 x 3.40 x 0.05 x 10 = 8.16 kN
PDL = 146.38 kN

- Beban Gerak = 4.80 x 3.40 x 1.00 PLL = 16.32 kN


PTL = 162.70 kN

72
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Kolom Lantai I
- Pelat = 0.12 x 4.80 x 3.40 x 24 = 47.00 kN
- Balok Lintang = 0.30 x 0.60 x 4.80 x 24 = 20.74 kN
- Balok Manjang = 0.30 x 0.50 x 3.40 x 24 = 12.24 kN
- Balok Anak = 0.25 x 0.35 x 3.40 x 24 = 7.14 kN
- Tegel + Spesi = 4.80 x 3.40 x 0.50 = 8.16 kN
- Plafon = 4.80 x 3.40 x 0.14 = 2.28 kN
- Ducting AC = 4.80 x 3.40 x 0.05 = 0.82 kN
- Bata blk mel = 3.40 x 3.50 x 2.50 = 29.75 kN
- Bata+kaca (pjng) = 4.80 x 3.50 x 1.50 = 25.20 kN
- Kolom = 0.30 x 0.30 x 3.50 x 24 = 7.56 kN
- Air hujan = = - kN
PDL = 160.89 kN

- Beban Gerak = 4.80 x 3.40 x 2.50 PLL = 40.80 kN


PTL = 201.69 kN

PONDASI :
- Tiang = 0.30 x 0.30 x 1.75 x 24 = 3.78 kN

BEBAN :
BEBAN PER LANTAI T OTAL
KOLOM PDL PLL PTL PDL PTL

II 146.38 16.32 162.70 146.38 162.70

I 160.89 40.80 201.69 307.27 364.39

### 3.78 - 3.78 311.05 368.17

3.80

g g g
TL TL TL
A' B' C' D'

3.80
g TL g TL g TL

A B C D

E F G H

g TL g TL

A' B' C' D'

g g
TL TL
73
A B C D
g g g
TUGAS STRK.
TL TL BETON
TL II.
A' B' C' D'

g TL g TL g TL

A B C D

E F G H

g TL g TL

A' B' C' D'

g TL g TL 3.80
A B C D

E F G H
###
3.80

6.80 2.80 6.80

I ka = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 30 x 30 3
= 67500 cm4 = 1 I
I kb = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 30 x 30 3
= 67500 cm4 = 1 I
I ba = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 30 x 60 3
= 540000 cm4 = 8.00 I
I bb = 1/12 x b x h 3
= 0.0833 x 30 x 65 3
= 686562.5 cm4 = 10.17 I

Koefisien Distribusi :
Titik A'

μ A'A : μ A'B' = 4 1 EI : 4 8 EI
h L
= 4 1 EI : 4 8 EI
3.80 6.80
= 1.05 : 4.71
= 5.759

μ A'A = 0.174
μ A'B' = 0.817

Titik B'

μ B'A' : μ B'B : μ B'C' = 4 8 EI : 4 1 EI : 4 8.00 EI


L1 h2 L2

74
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

= 4 8.000 EI : 4 1 EI : 4 8.000 EI
6.80 3.80 2.80
= 4.71 : 1.05 : 11.43
= 17.19

μ B'A' = 0.274 μ B'C' = 0.665


μ B'B = 0.061

Titik A
μ AA' : μ AB : μ AE = 4 4 EI : 4 EI : 4 EI
h2 L1 h1
= 4 1.00 EI : 4 10.17 EI : 4 1.0 EI
3.8 6.80 3.80
= 1.05 : 5.98 : 1.05
= 8.088

μ AA' = 0.130 μ AE = 0.130


μ AB = 0.740 1.00

Titik B
μ BA : μ BB' : μ BC : μ BF

= 4 EI : 4 EI : 4 EI : 4 EI
L1 h2 L2 h1
= 4 10.17 EI : 4 1 EI : 4 10.1713 EI : 4 1 EI
6.80 3.80 2.80 3.80
= 5.983 : 1.05 : 14.5 : 1.053
= 22.619
μ BA = 0.265 μ BC = 0.642 1.00
μ BB' = 0.047 μ BF = 0.047

Titik D'
μ D'D : μ D'C' = 4 EI : 4 EI
h1 L3
= 4 1.00 EI : 4 8.000 EI
3.8 6.80
= 1.1 : 4.705882
= 5.76

μ A'A = 0.183
μ A'B' = 0.817

75
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Titik C'
μ C'B' : μ C'D' : μ C'B = 4 EI 4 : 4 EI : 4 EI
L2 L3 h2
= 4 8.000 EI : 4 8.000 EI : 4 1 EI
6.80 6.80 3.80
= 4.706 : 4.706 : 1.1 :
= 10.46

μ C'B' = 0.450 μ C'D = 0.10059


μ C'D' = 0.450

Titik D
μ DD' : μ DC : μ DH = 4 EI 4 : 4 EI : 4 EI ###
h1 L3 h2
= 4 1 EI : 4 10.17 EI###: 4 1 EI
3.8 6.80 3.80
= 1.05 5.98 : 1.05
= 8.09

μ D'D = 0.130 μ DH = 0.130


μ DC = 0.740

Titik C
μ CB : μ CC' : μ CD : μ CG

= 4 EI : 4 EI 4 : 4 EI
### : 4 EI
L2 h2 L3 h2
= 4 10.171 EI : 4 1 EI : 4 10.171 EI : 4 1 EI
2.80 3.80 6.80 3.80
= 14.530 : 1 : 5.9831155 : 1.05
= 22.619
μ CB = 0.6424 μ CD = 0.2645 1.00
μ CC' = 0.0465 μ CG = 0.0465

76
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

MOMEN PRIMER :

MOA'B' = 1/12 x g TL x l 2 = 0.0833 x 15.287 x 6.80 2


= 1/8 x P' x b = 0.1250 x 60.133 x 6.80
= 110.017 kNm
MOB'A' = -1/12 x g TL x l 2 = -0.0833 x 15.287 x 6.80 2
= -1/8 x P' x b = -0.1250 x 60.133 x 6.80
= -110.017 kNm
MOAB = 1/12 x g TL x l 2 = 0.0833 x 40.236 x 6.80 2
= 1/8 x P1 x b = 0.1250 x 196.077 x 6.80
= 321.708 kNm
MOBA = -1/12 x g TL x l 2 = -0.0833 x 40.236 x 6.80 2
= -1/8 x P1 x b = -0.1250 x 196.077 x 6.80
= -321.708 kNm
MOB'C' = 1/12 x g TL x l 2 = 0.0833 x 19.605 x 2.80 2
= 4.5745 kNm
MOC'B' = -1/12 x g TL x l 2 = -0.0833 x 19.605 x 2.80 2
= -4.5745 kNm
MOBC = 1/12 x g TL x l 2 = 0.0833 x 24.660 x 2.80 2
= 16.111 kNm
MOCB = -1/12 x g TL x l 2 = -0.0833 x 24.660 x 2.80 2
= -16.111 kNm
MOC'D' = 1/12 x g TL x l 2 = 0.0833 x 15.287 x 6.80 2
= 1/8 x P' x b = 0.1250 x 60.133 x 6.80
= 110.017 kNm
MOD'C' = -1/12 x g TL x l 2 = -0.0833 x 15.287 x 6.80 2
= -1/8 x P' x b = -0.1250 x 60.133 x 6.80
= -110.017 kNm
MOCD = 1/12 x g TL x l 2 = 0.0833 x 40.236 x 6.80 2
= 1/8 x P1 x b = 0.1250 x 196.077 x 6.80
= 321.708 kNm
MODC = -1/12 x g TL x l 2 = -0.0833 x 40.236 x 6.80 2
= -1/8 x P1 x b = -0.1250 x 196.077 x 6.80
= -321.708 kNm

Perataan Momen dengan Metode Cross

77
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Metode Statis Tak Tentu dirobah menjadi statis tertentu


MA'B'= 39.94 kNm MA'A = (37.66) kNm
MB'A'= (145.06) kNm MAE = (48.53) kNm
MAB = 104.51 kNm MB'B = 10.32 kNm
MBA = (342.31) kNm MBF = 20.64 kNm
MB'C'= 91.13 kNm MC'C = 10.32 kNm
MC'B'= (91.13) kNm MCG = 20.64 kNm
MBC = 301.03 kNm MD'D = (37.66) kNm
MCB = (301.03) kNm MDH = (48.53) kNm
MC'D'= (145.057) kNm
MD'C'= 39.94 kNm gTL A'B' = 15.287 kN/m
MCD = (342.31) kNm gTL B'C' = 19.605 kN/m
MDC = 104.51 kNm gTL C'D' = 15.287 kN/m
gTL AB = 40.236 kN/m
gTL BC = 24.660 kN/m
gTL CD = 40.236 kN/m

Kolom Pinggir :
Kolom Berpengaku :

Kolom A'A dan D'D


Pu' = 101.76 kN

MA'A = 37.66 kNm

A'
MAA' = 55.98 kNm

3.8 A βd = 0.5 ==> kolom

EC x I g / 2.5
EIk =
1 + βd

Untuk fc' = 20 MPa ; Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20


= 21019.04 MPa
= 21019.04 N/mm2

78
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Ig1 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 300 x 300###


= 675,000,000.00 mm4
Ig2 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 300 x 300 3
= 675,000,000.00 mm4
Ec Ig1= 21019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14187851317236.2 Nmm4
Ec Ig2= 21019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14187851317236.2 Nmm4

EIk1 = Ec Ig1 / 2.5 = 1.41879E+13 / 2.5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3783427017929.7 Nmm2
= 3,783.43 kN/m2
EIk2 = Ec Ig2 / 2.5 = 1.41879E+13 / 2.5
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3783427017929.7 Nmm2
= 3,783.43 kN/m2
βd = 0.5 ===> balok
EC x Igb / 5
EIb =
1 + βd
Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20
= 21019.04 MPa
= 21019.04 N/mm2
Ig1 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 600 3
= 5,400,000,000.00 mm4
Ig2 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 650 3
= 6,865,625,000.00 mm4

Ec Ig1= 21019.04 x 5,400,000,000.00 = 1.13502811E+14 Nmm4


= 113,502.81 kNm2
Ec Ig2= 21019.04 x 6,865,625,000.00 = 1.4430884E+14 Nmm4
= 144,308.84 kNm2

EIb1 = Ec Ig1 / 5 = 113,502.8 / 5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 15,133.7 kN/m2

EIb2 = Ec Ig2 / 5 = 144,308.8 / 5.0


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 19,241.18 kN/m2

79
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

PANJANG TEKUK :
EI k2 + EI k1 3,783.427 + 3,783.427
l k2 l k1 3.8 3.8
ΨA = =
EI ba 15,133.71
l b1 6.80
= 0.0193
EI k1 / I k1 3,783.43 / 3.8
Ψ A' = = = 0.4474
EI b / l b1 15,133.71 / 6.80

Dari Grafik alignemen didapat = 0.6


lc = k lu = 0.6 x 3.8 = 2.280 m = 2280 mm
Syarat :
k lu < 34 - 12 ( M1 / M2 )
r
r = 0.3 h r = 0.30 x 300 = 90.000
k lu = 2280 = 25.333
r 90
M1 = 37.657 = 0.673
M2 55.978
34 - 12 x 0.673 = 25.93
Berarti 25.33 < 25.93 kelangsingan tidak diperhitungkan
Ec Ig. 113,503
EI = = = 30,267.42 kNm2
2,5 (1 + βd) 2.5 x ( 1 + 0.5 )
π ^2 EI π ^2 x 30,267.42
Pc = = = 57,511.5 kN
(klu) ^2 { 2.28 } 2
Cm 1.0
δb = = = 1.003 > 1
1 - (Pu/ Ф Pc) 1 - ( 101.76 / 0.65 x 57,511.5 )
Mc = δb M2b
= 1.003 x 55.98 = 56.13095486 kN
Ukuran kolom adalah 300 mm x 300 mm
et = Mu / Pu'

80
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

= 55.98 / 101.760 = 0.55010 m = 550.1 mm


etmin = ( 15 + 0.03 h) = 15 + 0.03 300 = 24 mm
fc' = 20 MPa ; Agr = b x h < 550.098 mm
= 300 x 300 = 90000 mm2
Pu' 101.760 x 10 3
= = 0.102
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' 0.65 x 90000 x 0.85 x 20 > 0.1

Nilai Ф tetap = 0.65


et = 550.098 mm ; et / h = 550.098 / 300 = 1.834

Pu' et
x = 0.102 x 1.834 = 0.188
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' h
ditetapkan : d'/h = 45 / 300 = 0.150
Menurut grafik pada gambar 9.9 Buku Grafik dan Tabel Perencanaan
beton bertulang, grafik b; r=0.01, maka diambil ρ = 0.8*0.01 = 0.008

ρ min = 1.4 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359

81
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b
600 0.85 x fc'
= 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

600 0.85 x 20
= 0.75 0.85 = 0.01684
600 + 390 390

Ast = ρ A gr
= 0.008 x 300 x 300 = 720.00 mm2
ambil D = 14 mm ==> Av = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 14 2
= 153.86 mm2
720.00
n = = 4.68 ≈ 5 btg
153.86
4 D 14 mm ( Ast = 1068 mm2 )
4 D 12 mm > 769.3 mm2 )
Kolom Bawah (Kolom AE dan DH)
Pu' = 259.798 kN

MAE = 48.53 kNm

MEAn = 24.27 kNm

3.80
A βd = 0.5 ==> kolom bawah

E
EI k2 + EI k1
l k2 l k1
Ψ =
EI b
lb
EC x I g / 2.5
EIk =
1 + βd

Untuk fc' = 20 MPa ; Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20


= 21019.04 MPa
= 21019.04 N/mm2

82
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Igka = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 300 x 300 3


= 675,000,000.00 mm4
Igkb = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.0833 x 300 x 300 3
= 675,000,000.00 mm4
Ec Igka= 21019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14,187,851,317,236.20 Nmm4
Ec Igkb= 21019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14,187,851,317,236.20 Nmm4

EIk1 = Ec Ig1 / 2.5 = 14,187,851,317,236.20 / 2.5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3,783,427,017,929.64 Nmm2
= 3,783.427 kN/m2

EIk2 = Ec Ig2 / 2.5 = 14,187,851,317,236.20 / 2.5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3,783,427,017,929.64 Nmm2
= 3,783.427 kN/m2

βd = 0.5 ===> balok


EC x Igb / 5
EIb =
1 + βd
Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20
= 21,019.04 Mpa
= 21,019.04 N/mm2
Ig1 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 600 3
= 5,400,000,000.00 Nmm2

Ig2 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 650 3


= 6,865,625,000.00 Nmm2

Ec Ig1= 21,019.04 x 5,400,000,000.00 = 113,502,810,537,889.00 Nmm4


113,502.811 kNm2
Ec Ig2= 21,019.04 x 6,865,625,000.00 = 144,308,839,555,407.00 Nmm4
= 144,308.84 kNm2

EIba = Ec Ig1 / 5 = 113,502.81 / 5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 15,133.71 kNm2
EIbb = Ec Ig2 / 5 = 144,308.8 / 5
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 19,241.18 kNm2

83
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

PANJANG TEKUK :
EI k2 + EI k1 3,783.427 + 3,783.427
l k2 l k1 3.8 3.8
ΨA = =
EI ba 144,308.8
l b1 6.80
= 0.094
ΨE = 0 = terjepit penuh

Dari Grafik alignemen didapat = 0.6


lc = k lu = 0.6 x 3.8 = 2.28 m = 2280 mm
Syarat :
k lu < 34 - 12 ( M1 / M2 )
r
r = 0.3 h r = 0.30 x 300 = 90.000
k lu = 2280 = 25.333
r 90.00
M1 = 24.266 = 0.500
M2 48.532
34 - 12 x 0.500 = 28.00
Berarti 25.33 < 28.0 kelangsingan tidak diperhitungkan
Ukuran kolom adalah 300 mm x 300 mm
et = Mu / Pu'
= 48.53 / 259.798 = 0.1868079 m = 186.81 mm
etmin = ( 15 + 0.03 h) = 15 + 0.03 300 = 24.00 mm
fc' = 20 MPa ### Agr = b x h < 186.808 mm
= 300 x 300 = 90,000 mm2
Pu' 259.798 x 10 3
= = 0.261
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' 0.65 x 90000 x 0.85 x 20 > 0.1

84
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Nilai Ф tetap = 0.65


et = 186.808 mm ; et / h = 186.808 / 300 = 0.623

Pu' et
x = 0.261 x 0.623 = 0.163
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' h
ditetapkan : d'/h = 42 / 300 = 0.14
Menurut grafik pada gambar 9.9 Buku Grafik dan Tabel Perencanaan
Bertulang, grafik b
r= 0.013 ; β = 0.8 ρ =r x β = 0.0125 x 0.8
= 0.010
ρ min = 1.4 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359

ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b
600 0.85 x fc'
= 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

600 0.85 x 20
= 0.75 0.85 = 0.016841
600 + 390 390

Ast =ρ A gr
= 0.010 x 300 x 300 = 900.00 mm2
ambil D = 14 mm Av = 1/4 π d2
= 0.25 3.14 x 14 ###
= 153.86 mm2
900.00
n = = 5.85 ≈ 6 btg
153.86
4 D 14 mm ( Ast = 1068 mm2 )
4 D 12 mm > 900.00 mm2

85
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

PONDASI PINGGIR :
Pondasi E dan H Pu' = 263.58 kN

M = 24.27 kNm

BALOK SLOOF 20/30


19-100

19 - 100

sbb :
Pelat Pondasi = 1.60 x 1.60 x 0.20 x 24 = 12.288 kN
= 1/2 x 1.60 x 0.15 x 24 = 2.880 kN
Tanah diatas = 1.60 x 1.60 x 1.40 x 19 = 68.096 kN
Pelat P Stk = 83.264 kN

P tot = 263.58 + 83.264 = 346.84 kN

σt = 1.9 kg/m2 = 190 kN/m2


= 190 kN/m2
P tot M
σt = ±
At 1/6 x b x h2

86
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

346.84 24.27
= ±
2.56 1/6 x 1.6 x 1.6 2

= 135.49 ± 35.546069574
= 135.49 ± 35.546069574
σt maks = 171.03 kN/m2 < 225 kN/m2

σt min = 99.94 kN/m2 < 225 kN/m2


1
Vc = 1 + ( 1/6 x √ fc' bo d ) ≤ '1/3 √fc' bo.d
βc
d' = 70 mm
d = 260 - 70 = 190 mm
bo = 4 b + 4 x d
= 4 x 300 + 4 x 190
= 1960 mm
βc = sisi terpanjang / sisi terpendek ==> kolom
βc = b/h = 300 / 300 = 1.00
1
Vc = 1 + (√ 20 x 1/6 x 1960 x 190 )
1
= 555141.143214 = 555.14114321 kN
Ф Vc = 0.6 x 555.14114321 = 333.0846859 kN

Vc = 1/3 x √ fc' x bo x d
= 1/3 x √ fc' x bo x d
= 0.3333 x √ 20 x 1960 x 190
= 555141.143214 N = 555.141143 kN
Ф Vc = 0.6 x 555.14114321 = 333.085 kN
Ambil W u = 174.031 kN/m
Keadaan kritis pada sisi kolom dengan pelat :

M I-I = 1/2 x W ult x X2


= 0.5 x 174.03 x 0.65 2
= 36.764 kNm

k = Mu / Ф x b x d 2
36.764 x 10 6
=
0.60 x 1000 x 190 2
= 1.697

87
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - } 1/2

0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 1.697 0.85 x 20 ###
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 390
= 0.00459

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu > ρ min ρ perlu tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.0045942 x 1000 x 190
= 872.90 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 16 mm


A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 16 2
= 200.96 mm
872.90
n = = 4.34 ≈ 8 btg
200.96
S tul = 142.9 mm
Sehingga tulangan dia. 16 - 125 mm

88
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Kolom Tengah :
Kolom Berpengaku :
Kolom B'B dan C'C
Pu' = 162.705 kN

B'
MB'B = 10.320 kNm

MBB' = 20.641 kNm

B
3.8
βd = 0.5 ===> kolom

EC x I g / 2.5
EIk =
1 + βd

Untuk fc' = 20 MPa ; Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20


= 21,019.04 MPa
= 21,019.04 N/mm2

Ig1 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 300 3


= 675,000,000.00 mm4

Ig2 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 300 3


= 675,000,000.00 mm4

Ec Ig1= 21,019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14187851317236 Nmm4


Ec Ig2= 21,019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14187851317236 Nmm4

EIk1 = Ec Ig1 / 2.5 = 14187851317236.2 / 2.5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3783427017929.64 Nmm2
= 3,783.43 kN/m2
EIk2 = Ec Ig2 / 2.5 = 14187851317236.2 / 2.5
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3783427017929.64 Nmm2
= 3,783.43 kN/m2
βd = 0.5 ===> balok

89
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

EC x Igb / 5
EIb =
1 + βd
Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20
= 21,019.04 MPa
= 21019.04 N/mm2
Ig1 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 600 3
= 5,400,000,000.00 mm4
Ig2 = 1/12 x b x h3 = 0.083 x 300 x 650 3
= 6,865,625,000.00 mm4
Ec Ig1= 21,019.04 x 5,400,000,000.00 = 1.13502811E+14 Nmm4
= 113,502.81 kNm2
Ec Ig2= 21019.04 x 6,865,625,000.00 = 1.4430884E+14 Nmm4
= 144,308.84 kNm2
EIb1 = Ec Ig1 / 5 = 113,502.81 / 5
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 15,133.71 kN/m2
EIb2 = Ec Ig2 / 5 = 144,308.8 / 5
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 19,241.18 kN/m2

PANJANG TEKUK :
EI k2 + EI k1 3,783.427 + 3,783.43
l k2 l k1 3.8 3.80
ΨA = =
EI ba 15,133.71
l b1 6.80
= 0.895
EI k1 / I k1 3,783.43 / 3.8
Ψ A' = = = 0.4474
EI b / l b1 15,133.71 / 6.80
Dari Grafik alignemen didapat = 0.60
lc = k lu = 0.6 x 4 = 2.4 m = 2,400.0 mm
Syarat :
k lu < 34 - 12 ( M1 / M2 )
r
r = 0.3 h r = 0.30 x 300 = 90.000
k lu = 2400 = 26.667
r 90
M1 = 10.320 = 0.500
M2 20.641
34 - 12 x 0.500 = 28.00
Berarti 26.67 < 28.0 kelangsingan tidak diperhitungkan
Maka ukuran kolom adalah 300 mm x 300 mm
et = Mu / Pu'
= 20.641 / 162.705 = 0.126859 m = 126.859 mm
etmin = ( 15 + 0.03 h) = 15 + 0.03 x 300 = 24 mm

90
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

< 126.859 mm
fc' = 20 MPa ; Agr = b x h
= 300 x 300 = 90000 mm2
Pu' 162.705 x 10 3
= = 0.164
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' 0.65 x 90000 x 0.85 x 20 > 0.1
Nilai Ф tetap = 0.65
et = 126.859 mm ; et / h = 126.859 / 300 = 0.4229
Pu' et
x = 0.164 x 0.423 = 0.069
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' h
ditetapkan : d'/h ### = 42 / 300 = 0.14
Menurut grafik pada gambar 9.9 Buku Grafik dan Tabel Perencanaan
beton bertulang , grafik b, r = ……………., maka diambil ρ = 1 %

ρ min = 1.4 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.003590

ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b
600 0.85 x fc'
= 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy

600 0.85 x 20
= 0.75 0.85 = 0.01684
600 + 390 390

Ast =ρ A gr
= 0.010 x 300 x 300 = 900 mm2

91
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ambil D 14 mm ===> Av = 1/4 π x d2


= 0.25 x 3.14 x 14 2
= 153.86 mm2
900.00
n = = 5.85 ≈ 6 btg
153.86
4 D 14 mm ( Ast = 1068 mm2 )
4 D 12 mm > 923.16 mm2 )

Kolom Bawah (Kolom BF dan CG)


Pu' = 364.393 kN

MAE = 48.53 kNm

MEA = 24.27 kNm

Ψ = 0 ; βd = 0.5 '==> kolom bawah


3.80 B

EI k2 + EI k1
l k2 l k1
Ψ =
F
EI b
lb
EC x I g / 2.5
EIk =
1 + βd

Untuk fc' = 20 MPa ; Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20


= 21,019.04 MPa
= 21,019.04 N/mm2

Igka = 1/12 x b x h### = 0.083 x 300 x 300 3


= 675,000,000.00 mm4
Igkb = 1/12 x b x h### = 0.083 x 300 x 300 3
= 675,000,000.00 mm4
Ec Igka= 21019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14187851317236 Nmm4
Ec Igkb= 21019.04 x 675,000,000.00 = 14187851317236 Nmm4

EIk1 = Ec Ig1 / 2.5 = 14187851317236.2 / 2.5


1 + 0.5 1.5
= 3783427017929.64 Nmm2
= 3,783.43 kN/m2
EIk2 = Ec Ig2 / 2.5 = 14187851317236.2 / 2.5
1 + 0.5 1.5

92
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

= 3783427017929.64 Nmm2
= 3,783.43 kN/m2

βd = 0.5 ===> balok


EC x Igb / 5
EIb =
1 + βd
Ec = 4700 √ fc' = 4700 √ 20
= 21,019.04 Mpa
= 21,019.04 N/mm2
Ig1 = 1/12 x b x h### = 0.083 x 300 x 600 3
= 5,400,000,000.00 mm4
Ig2 = 1/12 x b x h### = 0.083 x 300 x 650 3
= 6,865,625,000.00 mm4
Ec Ig1= 21019.04 x 5,400,000,000.00 = 1.13502811E+14 Nmm4
= 113,502.81 kNm2
Ec Ig2= 21019.04 x 6,865,625,000.00 = 1.4430884E+14 Nmm4
= 144,308.84 kNm2
EIba = Ec Ig1 / 5 = 113,502.8 / 5.0
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 15,133.71 kN/m2
EIbb = Ec Ig2 / 5 = 144,308.8 / 5.0
1 + 0.5 1.5
= 19,241.18 kN/m2
PANJANG TEKUK :
EI k2 + EI k1 3,783.427 + 3,783.427
l k2 l k1 3.80 3.80
ΨA = =
EI ba 15,133.71
l b1 6.80
= 0.895
ΨE = 0 terjepit penuh
Dari Grafik alignemen didapat k = 0.60
lc = k lu = 0.6 x 3.8 = 2.28 m = 2280 mm
Syarat :
k lu < 34 - 12 ( M1 / M2 )
r
r = 0.3 h r = 0.30 x 300 = 90.000
k lu = 2280.000 = 25.333
r 90.000
M1 = 24.266 = 0.500
M2 48.532
34 - 12 x 0.500 = 28.0

93
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Berarti 25.33 < 28.0 kelangsingan tidak diperhitungkan


et = Mu / Pu'
= 48.53 / 364.393 = 0.1331864 m = 133.186 mm
etmin = ( 15 + 0.03 h) = 15 + 0.03 x 300 = 615 mm
fc' = 20 MPa; Agr = b x h < 133.186 mm
= 300 x 300 = 90000 mm2
Pu' 364.393 x 10 3
= = 0.366 > 0.1
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' 0.65 x 90000 x 0.85 x 20 ###

Nilai Ф tetap = 0.65


et = 133.186 mm ; et / h = 133.19 / 300 = 0.444
Pu' et
x = 0.366 x 0.444 = 0.163
Ф Agr 0.85 fc' h
ditetapkan : d'/h ### = 37.5 / 300 = 0.125
Menurut grafik pada gambar 9.9 Buku Grafik dan Tabel Perencanaan
Beton Bertulang, grafik b :
r = …… ; ρ =1 %

ρ min = 1.4 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359

ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b
600 0.85 x fc'
= 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
= 0.75 0.85 = 0.016841
600 + 390 390
Ast =ρ A gr
= 0.01 x 300 x 300 = 900 mm2

94
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

ambil D 14 mm ===> Av = 1/4 π x d2


= 0.25 x 3.14 x 14 2
= 153.86 mm2
900
n = = 5.85 ≈ 6 btg
153.86
4 D 14 mm ( Ast = 1067.6 mm2 )
4 D 12 mm > 900.00 mm2 )

PONDASI TENGAH :
Pondasi F dan G Pu' = 368.17 kN

M = 10.320 kNm

BALOK SLOOF 20/30


00
9-1
1

19 - 100

sbb :
Pelat Pondasi = 1.60 x 1.60 x 0.20 x 24 ### = 12.288 kN
= 1/2 x 1.60 x 0.15 x 24 ### = 2.880 kN
Tanah diatas = 1.60 x 1.60 x 1.40 x 19 ### = 68.096 kN
Pelat P Stk = 83.264 kN

95
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

P tot = 368.17 + 83.264 = 451.44 kN

σt = 2.25 kN/m2 = 225 kN/m2


= 225 kN/m2
P tot M
σt = ±
At 1/6 x b h
451.44 10.320
= ±
2.56 1/6 x 1.6 X 1.6###

= 176.34 ± 15.117637
= 176.34 ± 15.117637
σt maks = 191.46 kN/m2 < 225 kN/m2
σt min = 161.23 kN/m2 < 225 kN/m2
1
Vc = 1 + ( 1/6 x √ fc' bo d ) ≤ '1/3 √fc' bo.d
βc
d' = 70 mm
d = 260 - 70 = 190 mm
bo = 4 b + 4 x d
= 4 x 300 + 4 x 190
= 1960 mm
βc = sisi terpanjang / sisi terpendek ==> kolom
βc =b/h = 300 / 300 = 1
1
Vc = 1 + (√ 20 x 1/6 x 1960 x 190 )
1
= 666169.371857 = 666.16937186 kN
Ф Vc = 0.6 x 666.16937186 = 399.7016231 kN

Vc = 1/3 x √ fc' x bo x d
= 1/3 x √ fc' x bo x d
= 0.3333 x √ 20 x 1960 x 190
= 555141.143214 N = 555.141143 kN
Ф Vc = 0.6 x 555.14114321 = 333.085 kN
Ambil Wu = 194 kN/m

96
TUGAS STRK. BETON II.

Keadaan kritis pada sisi kolom dengan pelat :

M I-I = 1/2 x W ult x ###


X
= 0.5 x 194 x 0.65 ###
= 41.08 kNm

k = Mu / Фxbxd2
41.08 x 10 ^6
=
0.60 x 1000 x 190 ###
= 1.897
2 x k 0.85 x fc'
ρ = 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x fc' fy
2 x 1.897 0.85 x 20
= 1 - { 1 - }1/2
0.85 x 20 0 390
= 0.00517

ρ min = 14 / fy = 1.4 / 390 = 0.00359


600 0.85 x fc'
ρ maks = 0.75 ρ b = 0.75 β1
600 + fy fy
600 0.85 x 20
ρ maks = 0.75 x 0.85
600 + 390 390
= 0.0168

ρ perlu > ρ min ρ perlu tul. Tunggal


< ρ maks
Ast = ρ perlu x b x d
= 0.0051695 x 1000 x 190
= 982.21 mm2

Pakai tul. Diameter = 16 mm


A1 = 1/4 x π x d2
= 0.25 x 3.14 x 16 2
= 200.96 mm
982.21
n = = 4.9 ≈ 9 btg
200.96
S tul = 125.000 mm
Sehingga tulangan dia. 16 - 125 mm

97