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PARTIE 1 : THEORIE GENERALE DES CONFLITS DE LOI


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TITRE 1: | LES METHODES DU DIP
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Chapitre 1:La genèse de la théorie des conflits de loi
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Section1: Les origines doctrinales
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§1: La doctrine italienne des statuts (14 e S)
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§2: La doctrine française du 16 e S

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Section 3: Période moderne
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A) le retour au particularisme et au territorialisme
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B)|retour à l¶esprit international
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Chapitre 2: L¶état actuel des méthodes

Section 1: la notion de conflit de loi


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§1: La diversité d¶ordre juridique en cause
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A. Le caractère international du conflit
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B.Les conflits internes
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§2: Concurrence de loi applicable
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A)|La nécessite de loi de droit privé
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Section2: Les méthodes de solution du conflit de loi
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Sous section 1: La méthode du conflit de loi
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§1: Le caractère indirect de la règle de conflit de lois
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Art 311-14 du code civil|D|

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§2: Les caractères neutre et abstrait des conflits de loi.
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I. La signification des caractères neutre et abstrait
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A. Les atteintes aux caractères abstrait et neutre
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1. la prise en compte de considération
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2  7|Art 311-16 al 2 c civ|"  | |la reforme de la filiation du 01/07/06|
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2. les critiques du caractère abstrait de la règle


de conflit de lois.
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Convention de Laye du 2octobre 1973 sur la loi applicable à la responsabilité du fait
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§3 : Caractère bilatéral de la règle de conflit de loi traditionnelle
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A) Le principe de la règle de conflit bilatéral
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A)|La possibilité de règle de conflit unilatéral
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Sous section 2. Les méthodes concurrentes
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§1. Les recours aux lois de police
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A. l'identification des lois de police
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2N|7| Soc, 31 mai 1972 THUILLIER|7| 

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Convention de Rome de 1980 : article 7 al.1|7|   |
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§2 les règles matérielles

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A)|fonctionnement de ces règles matérielles

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B)| Illustrations des règles matérielles
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i.| règles matérielles nationales
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311-15 c.c. Possession d¶état|
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ii.| règles matérielles internationales
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Chapitre 3 : Bref aperçu des principales règles de conflit de lois


(françaises).
|
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#| |

| .|
|

%352| |
TITRE 2 : LA MISE EN ŒUVRE DE LA METHODE DU
CONFLIT DE LOIS.
|
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# 
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Chapitre 1 : Le choix de la règle de conflit de loi :
Le conflit de qualifications.
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A  |! 
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§1 Les tempéraments qui tiennent à l¶intervention des
conceptions étrangères.

A)|Le rôle de la loi étrangère dans l¶opération de


qualification. |
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§2 Les exceptions à la qualification lege fori.

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SECTION 1 : LA QUESTION DU RENVOI.
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A) L¶origine jurisprudentielle du renvoi.
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SECTION 2 : LES CONFLITS DANS LE TEMPS.


|
§1 Les conflits de droit transitoire
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A)|Le droit transitoire des règles de conflit de lois
du for.
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A)|Les approches doctrinales du conflit mobile.
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1)| Thèse du respect international des droits acquis
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Chapitre 3 : L¶application de la loi étrangère.


|
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   |8 | !  | | |
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SECTION 1 : LA DESIGNATION DE LA LOI ETRANGERE.
|
..-- 

§1 L¶application d¶office : autorité à l¶égard du juge.
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Hypothèse|7|  
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A) Evolution jurisprudentielle en dents de scie.
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1) Jurisprudence BISBAL 12 mai 1959.

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2) l¶abandon progressif de la jurisprudence


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SECTION 2 : LA DETERMNINATION DU CONTENU DE LA LOI
ETRANGERE.
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§1 La charge de la preuve de la loi étrangère |
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A) La solution traditionnelle : le critère de la
prétention.
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1) la charge de la preuve.

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2)| La sanction du défaut de preuve.

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B) L¶évolution : la distinction selon disponibilité des
droits litigieux.

1) lorsque les parties n¶ont pas libre


disposition des droits en litige.
|
a) charge preuve
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b) sanction en cas de défaut de preuve :
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2) Lorsque les parties ont libre disposition des
droits en litige.
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C) L¶aboutissement ? Le renforcement du rôle du
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§2 Les procédés de preuves
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Les parties|  
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§3 Contrôle de l¶interprétation de la loi étrangère
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A) L¶absence de contrôle par la CC° de
l¶interprétation de la loi étrangère.

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B) Les limites à l¶interprétation souveraine des
juges du fond.

1) Contrôle de la dénaturation de la loi


étrangère

:
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| | |

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1134 CC|7| |" | | 66I|( 6/)OO)|
| | |article 3 CC|
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<"1`! "` 6/)OO|
` 6/74-- |

2) Contrôle des motifs des juges du fond


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Chapitre 4 : L¶éviction de la loi étrangère.
|
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SECTION 1 : L¶EXCEPTION D¶ORDRE PUBLIC.

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§1 Domaine de l¶exception d¶ordre public.

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A) Fonctions de l¶ordre public international
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1) La triple fonction de l¶OPI.

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2) Les conséquences sur la notion d¶OPI.

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§2 Conditions déclenchement de l¶exception d¶ordre public.


|
A |  
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A) L¶effet atténué de l¶ordre public.
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1) Signification de l¶effet atténué de l¶OP.
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¢| Acquisition d¶un droit en France|7| !| 
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¢| Reconnaissance en France des effets d¶un droit acquis à l¶étranger|7|  |
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$..-- 

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2) Applications jurisprudentielles
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Convention Bruxelles 27 septembre 1968|7| |
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|   ||
  | | |1..1|  | | |règlement communautaire du 22 décembre 2000||
Convention Bruxelles du 29 mai 2000|  |  | règlement communautaire du 27
nov. 2003|
|

TITRE 1 : LA COMPETENCE INTERNATIONALE DES


TRIBUNAUX FRANÇAIS.
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Chapitre 1 : La compétence internationale de droit commun.


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SECTION 1 : LES REGLES ORDINAIRES DE COMPETENCE
INTERNATIONALE

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§1 Le principe d¶extension des règles internes de compétence
territoriales.
|
A) L¶abandon de l¶incompétence de principe des
tribunaux français dans les litiges entre étrangers.
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§2 Les principales règles de compétence internationale


française.
|
A) L¶application de l¶extension des règles de
compétence territoriale
|
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Matière contractuelle|7| | |   | || || 
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Adaptation| |   | 
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|
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3) règles autonomes de compétence
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SECTION 2 : LES REGLES DE COMPETENCE FONDEES SUR LA
NATIONALITE.
|
14 et 15 CC|7|
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§1 Domaine d¶application de ces textes

A) Quant aux personnes concernées

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§2 mise en œuvre de ces textes.
|
A) Fonctionnement de ces articles.
|
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1) Relation entre compétence privilégiée et
compétence ordinaire ?
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SECTION 1 : REGLEMENT DE BRUXELLES 1.
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SECTION 2 : REGLEMENT DE BRUXELLES 2 BIS.
|
Règlement 27 nov. 2003|
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§2 Les règles de compétences relatives à la responsabilité
parentale

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|Convention LA
HAYE 1996|||
A) Critère général de compétence
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§3 Rôle correctif de la litispendance.
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Chapitre 3 : Les immunités des Etats.

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TITRE 2 : L¶EFFET DES JUGEMENTS ETRANGERS.
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Chapitre 1 : Le droit commun français.
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SECTION 1 : CONDITIONS DE REGULARITE D¶UN JUGEMENT
ETRANGER.
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§1 Compétence internationale du tribunal étranger.
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A) Détermination du critère de contrôle de la
compétence indirecte.
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1) L¶incidence d¶une compétence française
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§2 Compétence de la loi appliquée


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§3 Conformité à l¶OP
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§4 Absence de fraude
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2N|7|` 6/$$'0 ''1|
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SECTION 2 : MANIFESTATION CONTROLE DE REGULARITE.
|
§1 La nécessité d¶un contrôle préalable de régular ité.
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A) Les décisions reconnues immédiatement en
France.
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B) Les décisions qui nécessitent l¶exequatur
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§2 les moyens procéduraux de contrôle.
|
A) Le contrôle incident de régularité
|
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B) Le contrôle principal de régularité
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C) L¶instance en inopposabilité.

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Chapitre 2 : Les traités et règlements communautaires.
|
# 
| 

 |" 
  |# 
| |   ||
|
SECTION 1 : LE REGLEMENT DE BRUXELLES 1
|
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§1 Allègement des conditions de régularité
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§2 Allègement des procédures de contrôle.
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SECTION 2 : LE REGLEMENT DE BRUXELLES 2 BIS

: | |  $|    


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