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Electrical symbols and explanation

Sr. no. Name Explanation Symbol


1.
Protection against
Earth Ground
Electrical Shock

2.
For Analog and Digital
Common Ground
Grounding

3.
Voltage Source Constant Voltage Source

4.
Current Source Constant Current Source

5.
AC Voltage Source Source of AC Voltage

6.
Battery Constant Voltage Source

7.
Battery Cell Constant Voltage Source

8.
Generator Mechanical Voltage Source

9.
Generates Light with Flow
Lamp or Light Bulb
of Current

10.
Disconnect Current when
SPST Toggle Switch
Open

11.
Select Between 2
SPDT Toggle Switch
Connections

12.
Switch Momentary –
Push Button Switch (N.O)
Generally Open

13.
Switch Momentary –
Push Button Switch (N.C)
Generally Closed

14.
DIP Switch Onboard Configuration

15.
SPST Relay Single Pole Single Throw

16.
SPDT Relay Single Pole Double Throw

17.
Jumper Jumper to Close Connection
18.
Solder Bridge Solder Connection

19.

Electrical Switch box Box to Install Switches

20.

Trip to Break the Electric


Circuit Breaker Circuit and Stop Flow of
Electricity

21.

Fan Outlet Outlet for Fan

22.

Junction Box Install Junction Box

23.

Exhaust Fan Outlet for Exhaust Fan

24. A motor is a device


Motor that can transform
electric energy into
mechanical energy.

25. A resistor reduces


Resistor current flow

26. A capacitor symbol


Capacitor shows two terminals
running into plates.
27. An inductor is also
Inductor called a coil or
reactor. The coils
store energy in a
magnetic field or flux

28. A transformer is two


Transformer or more coils coupled
by magnetic
induction. It helps
keep the frequency
and reduce tension in
an AC circuit.

29. Marks a device, rod,


Antenna or wire designed to
capture radio and
electromagnetic
waves into electrical
signals and vice
versa.

30. Measures
Voltmeter
voltage. Has
very high
resistance.
Connected in
parallel.
31. Measures electric
Ammeter current. Has near
zero resistance.
Connected serially.
32. Measures resistance
Ohmmeter

33. Measures electric


Wattmeter power

34. Contains several


Bus wires. Usually for
data / address.

35. Direct current is


Direct current generated
constant
from
voltage

level
36. Thermal resistor -
Thermistor change resistance
when temperature
changes
37. Adjustable
Variable Capacitor capacitance

38. Adjustable
Variable Capacitor capacitance

39. Adjustable resistor -


Variable Resistor / has 2 terminals.
Rheostat (

40. Connected Wires Connected crossing