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Important Amendments in Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution under Article 368 provides Parliament with powers to amend it and its procedures.
Amendments in Indian Constitution are not easy to be done and requires certain provisions to comply with.
Knowing the fact that the Constitution of India is neither a rigid nor flexible one, Article 368 provides certain
powers to Parliament allowing them to amend it keeping the basic structure of it rather same.
The topic, ‘Important Amendments in Indian Constitution’ forms an important part of UPSC Civil Services
Examination in general and of IAS Polity subject for both prelims and UPSC Mains GS-II in particular.
The table below mentions the list of important amendments brought in the Indian Constitution:

Important Newly added, removed Details of the Amendments

Amendment Acts and Amended

7th Amendment Act Article 1 Reorganisation of states on linguistic

1956 Article 3 basis
Abolition of Class A, B, C and D states
Article 49
Introduction of Union Territories
Article 80
Article 81
Article 82
Article 131
Article 153
Article 158
Article 168
Article 170
Article 171
Article 216
Article 217
Article 220
Article 222
Article 224
Article 230
Article 231
Article 232
First, Second, Fourth and
Seventh Schedules of
Indian Constitution

9th Amendment Act, Schedule 1 of Indian Adjustments to Indian Territory as a

1960 Constitution result of an agreement with Pakistan.

10th Amendment Act, Article 240 Dadra, Nagar, and Haveli incorporated in
1961 First Schedule the Union of Indian as a Union Territory

12th Amendment Act Article 240 Goa, Daman and Diu incorporated in the
1961 First Schedule Indian Union as a Union Territory

13th Amendment Act, Article 170 Nagaland was formed with special status
1963 Added new article 371A under Article 371A

14th Amendment Act, Articles 81 and 240 Pondicherry incorporated into the Indian
1962 First and fourth Schedules Union
Added Article 239A

21st Amendment Act, Eighth Schedule Sindhi language was language into
1967 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution

26th Amendment Act Article 366 Privy Purse was abolished.

1971 Added Article 363A
Removed Articles 291 and

36th Amendment Act Articles 80 and 81 Sikkim incorporated as an Indian state

40th Amendment Act First and fourth Schedules
Added Article 371F
Removed Article 2A

42nd Amendment Act Article 31 Fundamental Duties prescribed, India

1976 Article 31C became Socialist Secular Republic
Article 39
Article 55
Article 74
Article 77
Article 81
Article 82
Article 83
Article 100
Article 102
Article 103
Article 105
Article 118
Article 145
Article 150
Article 166
Article 170
Article 172
Article 189
Article 191
Article 192
Article 194
Article 208
Article 217
Article 225
Article 226
Article 227
Article 228
Article 311
Article 312
Article 330
Article 352
Article 353
Article 356
Article 357
Article 358
Article 359
Article 366
Article 368
Article 371F
Seventh Schedule

Added Articles 31D, 32A,

39A, 43A, 48A, 131A, 139A,
144A, 226A, 228A and

Added Parts IVA and XIVA

44th Amendment Act Article19 Right to Property removed from the list of
1978 Article 22 fundamental rights
Article 30
Article 31A
Article 31C
Article 38
Article 71
Article 74
Article 77
Article 83
Article 103
Article 105
Article 123
Article 132
Article 133
Article 134
Article 139A
Article 150
Article 166
Article 172
Article 192
Article 194
Article 213
Article 217
Article 225
Article 226
Article 227
Article 239B
Article 329
Article 352
Article 356
Article 358
Article 359
Article 360
Article 371F

Ninth Schedule

Added Articles 134A and


Deletion of Articles 31,

257A and 329A

61st Amendment Act Article 326 Voting age decreased from 21 to 18.

71st Amendment Act Article 332 Manipuri, Konkani, and Nepali were
1992 added in the 8th Schedule of Indian

73rd Amendment Act Added Part IX Introduction of Panchayat Raj

1992 Addition of Part IX to the Indian

74th Amendment Act Article 280 Article 280 Introduction of Municipalities and
1992 Added Part IXA Nagarpalikas

86th Amendment Act Amended Articles 45 and Free and compulsory education to
2002 51A children between 6 and 14 years
Added Article 21A

87th Amendment Act Eighth Schedule Santhali, Bodo, Dogri, and Maithili in the
2003 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution
Service Tax introduced.

95th Amendment Act Article 334 Extension of reservation of seats for

2010 SC/ST
Nomination of Anglo-Indian members in
Parliament and State Assemblies

96th Amendment Act Eighth Schedule Replaced Odia for Oriya in the
2011 8th Schedule to the Indian Constitution

97th Amendment Act Articles 19 Introduction of Part IXB in the

2012 Added Part IXB Constitution of India relating to Co-
operative Societies

100th Amendment Act Amendment of First Exchange of some enclave territories

2015 Schedule with Bangladesh
Conferment of citizenship rights to
citizens of enclave’s resulting to signing
of Land Boundary Agreement (LBA)
Treaty between India and Bangladesh.

101st Amendment Act Article 248 Introduction of Goods and Services Tax
2016 Article 249 (GST)
Article 250
Article 268
Article 269
Article 270
Article 271
Article 286
Article 366
Article 368
Amended Sixth Schedule
and Seventh Schedule
Deletion of Article 268A

102nd Amendment Act Addition of articles 338B, Constitutional Status to National

2018 342A, and Added Clause Commission for Backward Classes

Omitted Article 340

Modification of articles 338,

103rd Amendment Act Amendment to Article 15, A maximum of 10% Reservation for
2019 added Clause 6 Economically Weaker Sections of
citizens of classes other than the classes
Amendment to Article 16, mentioned in clauses (4) and (5) of
added Clause 6 Article 15, i.e. Classes other than socially
and educationally backward classes of
citizens or the Scheduled Castes and the
Scheduled Tribes.