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Inception & Planning Workshop Report

Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management of Fruit Flies


in South and Southeast Asia

Asian Institute of Technology


P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang
Pathumthani 12120, THAILAND

http://ipm.ait.asia
Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

01-03 September 2010


AIT Conference Center
AIT, Bangkok, Thailand

Inception and Planning Workshop


Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management of Fruit flies
in South and Southeast Asian Countries

Participating Agencies from Mekong River Basin Countries:

Project Partners:

Supported by:

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

About the project

“Area-wide Fruit Fly Integrated Pest Management in South and Southeast Asia” is a regional
project funded by Taiwan ICDF and supported by Global Horticulture Initiative
(http://www.globalhort.org/) with a focus on adaptation and adoption of fruit fly IPM
practices among vegetable and fruit smallholder using Farmer’s Field School (FFS) in the
Mekong river basin countries. While the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT; www.ait.asia);
Bio-Control Research Laboratory (BCRL; http://www.pcilindia.com/bcrl.html), Bangalore,
India, and the FAO Regional IPM Programme (http://www.vegetableipmasia.org/) are the
collaborating project partners, the project is implemented by the National IPM Programme in
Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam; Department of Agriculture Extension (DoAE) Thailand, and
ministry of agriculture and irrigation (MAI) in Myanmar. The project is intended to test,
promote and socialize among smallholder farmers a range of novel IPM options for fruit fly
management within the context of ongoing IPM farmer training and action research
programmes in the Mekong basin countries.

Contact

The regional office of the project is housed in its host institute Room # 207, AFE Bld. AIT,
Bangkok, Thailand. Further information on project could be obtained from the following
contact:

Prabhat Kumar, Dr.rer.hort.


Project Coordinator / IPM Expert
Agriculture Systems and Engineering
School of Environment, Resources and Development
Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)
P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang
Pathumthani 12120, THAILAND

Phone : + 66-2-524-5477
Fax : +66-2-524-6200
Email : pkipm@ait.asia or pkipm@yahoo.com
Project website : http://ipm.ait.asia

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Table of Contents

About the project ............................................................................................................. 3


Contact ............................................................................................................................ 3
Abbreviations ................................................................................................................... 6
Summary .......................................................................................................................... 7
1. Background ............................................................................................................... 8
2. Aims and objectives ................................................................................................... 9
3. Workshop Schedule ................................................................................................. 10
4. Opening Session ...................................................................................................... 11
5. Session 1: Fruit flies in Asia ...................................................................................... 13
6. Session 2: Status of fruit fly management in MRBC .................................................. 18
6.1 Fruit flies in Thailand ............................................................................................................. 19
6.2 Fruit flies in Cambodia .......................................................................................................... 20
6.3 Fruit flies in Lao PDR ............................................................................................................. 21
6.4 Fruit flies in Myanmar ........................................................................................................... 22
6.5 Fruit flies in Vietnam ............................................................................................................. 23
6.6. Novel options for fruit fly management (BCRL, India) ......................................................... 24
6.7 Fruit flies in Mekong river basin countries (summary of session 2) ..................................... 25
7. Session 3: Fruit flies management strategies in MRBC .............................................. 26
7.1. Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand.......................................................................................... 28
7.2. Work plan for FF IPM in Cambodia ....................................................................................... 29
7.3. Work plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR .......................................................................................... 30
7.4. Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar ........................................................................................ 31
7.5. Work plan for FF IPM in Vietnam .......................................................................................... 32
7.6. Summary of regional FF IPM project planning...................................................................... 34
7.6.1. Planning Process ................................................................................................................. 34
7.6.2. Follow-up trainings needs ................................................................................................... 35

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

8. Field Trip Report ...................................................................................................... 36


8.1. Feedback session on field trip from participants ....................................................................... 37
8.1.1. Site I: Fruit Fly suppressions programme Samut Sakhon Province ..................................... 37
8.1.2. Site II: SWIFT’s Export Packing House, Nakhon Pathom ..................................................... 40
8.1.3. Site III: Screening for Chili-pepper germplasm against Malaysian Fruit fly (B. latifrons) ... 42
Annexes ......................................................................................................................... 43
Annex 1: List of Participants ......................................................................................................... 44
Annex 2: Inception Workshop Schedule ...................................................................................... 48
Annex 3: Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand.................................................................................. 50
Annex 4: Work Plan for FF IPM in Cambodia ............................................................................... 52
Annex 5: Work Plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR .................................................................................. 54
Annex 6: Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar ................................................................................ 56
Annex 7: Log-frame (draft) of the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project ..................................................... 57

Workshop information on internet:


Further information on the inception workshop including presentations could be

downloaded from the project’s website:

http://ipm.ait.asia/inception/index.htm

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Abbreviations

ACIAR Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research


AIT Asian Institute of Technology
ASE Agricultural Systems and Engineering
AW-IPM Area-wide Integrated Pest Management
BAT Bait Application Technique
BCRL Bio-Control Research Laboratory, Bangalore India
CABI Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FFS Farmer’s Field School
FoS Field of study
GHI Global Horticulture Initiative
GMS Greater Mekong Sub region
IPM Integrated Pest Management
IS Invasive Species
MAT Male Annihilation Technique
ME Methyl Eugenol (4-allyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene)
MRBC Mekong River Basin Countries
PB Protein Bait
TOT Training of Trainers

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Summary

An inception & planning workshop of the project “Area-wide Fruit fly Integrated Pest
Management in South and Southeast Asia” was organized at the Asian Institute of Technology in
Bangkok from 31 August – 4 September 2010, culminating a first 3-months inception & planning
period. Attendees included resource persons, country representatives from project implementation
countries, representatives from partner institutes (FAO, BCRL India) and personnel from the host
institute AIT, Bangkok.

Background information on fruit flies in Asia, emerging issues of invasive pests along with
the management experiences from other parts of the world was presented and discussed in plenary
sessions. In follow-up sessions, country presentations were made and status and experiences on
fruit flies were discussed and exchanged. Using this information and that derived from an
illuminating presentation on the development of an area-wide fruit fly IPM programme in Hawaii, a
draft work plan for each of the participating countries was developed, presented and critiqued on
during the 2ND day of the workshop. It is expected that the each country team would further refine
the work plans and formulate log-frames and include a short country strategy paper outlining the
proposed fruit fly IPM intervention in each of the project countries.

From various presentations and discussions, it was evident that fruit fly management has
not been adequately addressed in the Mekong River Basin countries so far. This project provides a
good opportunity to begin working on assembling simple and effective management tools into a
comprehensive and area-wide fruit fly IPM strategy. As part of action research programme such
location specific IPM strategies will be developed which could be later used to educate farmers using
existing and further to be developed FFS platforms by the respective national IPM programmes
network. Inclusion of Myanmar in this regional project would strengthen their capacity to work on
ongoing mango fruit fly management and further help to strengthen regional collaboration on fruit
fly management. In addition, the lack of technical expertise on various aspects of fruit flies in some
countries and lack of familiarity with the latest trapping technologies was identified as important
development and capacity building areas to be addressed by this project. This would partly be done
through a regional training in coming months prior to in-country project implementation.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

1. Background

The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), in collaboration with the Bio-Control Research
Laboratory (BCRL), Bangalore, India, the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation’s (FAO)
Regional IPM Programme and associated National IPM Programme in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam
and Thailand, was awarded a regional Mekong river basin project “Area-wide Fruit Fly Integrated
Pest Management in South and Southeast Asia” funded by ICDF (International Cooperation and
Development Fund) and supported by the Global Horticulture Initiative (GHI). The project is
intended to test, promote and socialize among smallholder farmers a range of novel IPM options for
fruit fly management within the context of ongoing IPM farmer training and action research
programmes in the Mekong basin countries.

The inception workshop culminated the planned inception and planning period (May-August
2010) and set the direction for project implementation. Attendees were the participants nominated
by the respective ministries from the project implementation countries. In addition, upon request,
Myanmar also attended this inception workshop to share and learn from this regional initiative.
Further, a number of resource persons from various institutions engaged in the past and present
fruit fly management efforts in Asia i.e. the ACIAR, University of Hawaii, CABI-SEA and
representatives from the partners along with staff, faculties and students of the AIT also attended
this workshop (see Annex 1 for list of participants). In close collaboration with the project partners,
the workshop was organized at the AIT Conference Center, AIT in Bangkok, Thailand from 01-03
September 2010.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

2. Aims and objectives

The regional inception and planning workshop served the purpose of providing a platform for
planning for this project and also a regional forum to learn and exchange information on fruit flies
that are seriously undermining production and livelihood sustainability at smallholder farms in Asia
with an emphasis on Mekong River Basin countries.

The specific objectives of this workshop were:

1. To share highlights of accomplishments and challenges of previous and ongoing research


and development projects related to fruit fly management in the implementing countries
and in the region;
2. To share experiences of innovative and latest management options for effective and safe
fruit fly management and its adoption at farmers’ level;
3. To share the countries strategies highlighting area, season, crop, fruit fly species, plans for
action research, TOTs, FFS and other trainings as per the agreed project work plans along
with monitoring and evaluation plans and budget requirements;
4. To strengthen regional networking on matters concerning Fruit Fly IPM research and
development as well as farmer/community education among nationals and partner
organization representatives.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

3. Workshop Schedule

The workshop was organized in three (3) parts:

Part 1: The demonstration booth

The partner BCRL set-up a demonstration booth to display and share the latest range of fruit
fly management products on 31ST. August 2010. The booth was set-up right inside the AIT
Conference Center, where most of the participants were staying so as to allow them to visit it at
any given point of time during their stay.

Part 2: The field visit

On 1ST. September, a field visit/study tour to pre-selected locations was organized to provide
first-hand opportunity to the participants to learn from the various ongoing fruit fly
management related work in host country Thailand. These included:
Local government fruit fly Suppression Programme, Samut Sakhon province;
Visit to a fresh product export company (SWIFT) and its vapor heat treatment plant in
Nakhon Pathom province;
Research center at Kassetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen campus, to learn about the
hot-pepper germplasm screening programme for tolerance/resistance to Malaysian fruit
fly.

Part 3: Plenary and planning sessions

On 2ND and 3RD September, the following 3 sessions were organized (see Annex 2 for
schedule of the workshop) leading to the development of draft work plans:

Opening session
Session 1: Plenary Session
Session 2: Country Presentation
Session 3: Work plan development

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

4. Opening Session

The second day of the Inception Workshop on “Area-wide Integrated Pest Management of
Fruit Flies in South and South East Asian Countries” was held at the Asian Institute of Technology
(AIT) in collaboration with FAO Asia-IPM Programme (FAO-IPM) and Biological Control Research
Laboratory (BCRL), India, on 2nd September 2010.

The inaugural function was held between 9 am and 10.15 am in which, Prof. Joydeep Dutta,
VPAA AIT made the opening remarks. Dr. Weerakorn Ongsukal, Dean of SERD AIT briefed
participants about AIT’s long-standing research and action oriented programmes in the field of
agriculture in general and plant protection in particular. The action oriented research initiatives
undertaken by ASE field of study (FoS) were well appreciated. This was followed by a presentation
on the project expectations from the donor’s perspective by Dr. Po-Pi Lee, Deputy Secretary
General, ICDF and an overview from the Global Horticulture Initiative presented by Ms. Claudia
Fichtner, GHI. The VPAA Prof. Joydeep Dutta also inaugurated a Beta version of project’s website
(http://ipm.ait.asia), which is now available for comments and suggestions from the partners and
collaborators before it will be made available to the public domain.

Dr. Po-Pi Lee first provided an overview of ICDF’s work, wherein he informed that his
organization primarily supports international development in four core areas, i.e. technical
cooperation, humanitarian assistance, lending and investment, and international education &
training. He further added that many of ICDF’s development projects involve agricultural issues such
as food security, agricultural information systems and the use of GIS/ RS technologies, production
and marketing for agricultural enterprises and agribusiness, and improving the quality of produce to
the point where farmers can access export markets (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). Providing
opportunities to Asian smallholder farmers to develop effective and environmentally sustainable
strategies for management of fruit flies in order to produce profitable and healthy fruits and
vegetables crops are important reasons for ICDF to support this project.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

He also stressed the need of regional integration and the role that regional projects can play
in meeting such broad objectives in Asia. In his concluding remarks indicated and interest to ensure
funding continuity for this effort beyond the current 2-year phase of the project to meaningfully
address the complex issue of fruit fly management and to better link farm produce to the local and
international markets.

Ms. Claudia Fichtner of GHI began her presentation by providing an overview of GHI and its
work in various parts of the world (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). Ms. Fichtner added that GHI is
promoting efforts to link various actors in the horticulture value chain through research, grants,
networking, etc. Later during her presentation, she provided suggestions for this project on
developing verifiable objectives, reporting, etc. Another area that she emphasized was gender
equality and participation of women at all levels of the project implementation.

Dr. Prabhat Kumar, Coordinator of the project made a presentation introducing the project
(see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception) in which he provided a brief sketch of the research programme,
its rationale, opportunities, activities, expected outcomes and the achievements since the inception
of the project in March 2010. Further he also shared the remaining schedule of the workshop with
participants.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

5. Session 1: Fruit flies in Asia

The purpose of the plenary session was to provide an overview and experiences on key
components of the project i.e. past and present status of FFS and action research in MRBC (Mekong
River Basin Countries); invasive pest species; background knowledge on life cycle ecology, biology
and management experiences in Asian countries and to assist country teams in developing informed
project plans for country interventions. The session was chaired by Dr. Banpot Napompeth and Dr.
P. K. Viswanathan acted as reporteur. In total, there were 5 presentations scheduled for the session,
of which, three were presented in the pre-lunch session and two were presented in the post-lunch
session.

The first presentation of the session was made by Mr. Jan W. Ketelaar, Team Leader of the
FAO-IPM Programme in Asia on the topic of ‘Community Education for Pesticide Risk Reduction in
Greater Mekong Sub-region: An overview’ (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception) to set the scene and
highlighting the importance of pesticide risk reduction education for Asian smallholder farmers using
farmer’s field school, which is the main farmer education/extension tool envisioned in this project.

The presentation was interesting in other respects as well, as it gave an overview of the
long-term engagement of the FAO in the area of IPM action research and farmer education during
the last 3 decades. Drawing attention to the rapidly changing global agriculture scenario as induced
by changes in demographic profiles, rapid urbanization and emergence of newer consumer
demands, the presentation underscored the need to intensify food production and the challenge for
countries to do so sustainably. Intensification of agricultural production involves major risks in terms
of overuse of agro-chemicals (fertilizers and pesticides) causing environmental pollution and growing
food safety concerns in the GMS context in particular. The IPM interventions by FAO in this context
assist the Asian/GMS countries to achieve sustainable intensification of agriculture through pesticide
risk reduction strategies. Major thrust of these programmes remains to strengthen national IPM
Farmer Field School programmes to enable farmers to adopt IPM, reduce pesticide use and grow
better yielding, safer and more profitable rice, fruits and vegetables.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

The second paper presented by Dr. Wai-Hong Loke, CABI SE Asia Office, Malaysia, was quite
interrogative as it provided a detailed assessment of the CABI’s long engagement in research on
some of Asia’s worst invasive species (IS) and their management challenges (see
http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). The presentation traversed from the global and regional dimensions
of emergence and growth of IS, economic and health related impacts, cost of control, management
challenges in the specific context of climate change, and the need for evolving international
cooperation in resolving the IS issues through the international trade and biodiversity conventions.

The management challenges posed by IS cut across various sectors needing concerted
actions as the growth and spread of IS in the world has been spontaneous and rapid through
pathways, aptly described by the author as ‘4 Ts’, viz., Trade, Travel, Transport and Tourism. The
effect of climate change is the greatest challenge affecting the growth of IS, as climate change
related problems will alter pest/ crop/ soil dynamics. It is also feared that more extreme climatic
events will create opportunities for pest colonization and establishment. The paper also dealt in
some detail about the economic and environmental consequences emerging from some detrimental
IS, such as water hyacinth and golden apple snail. Addressing the problems caused by IS call for
setting up of various goals and processes involving multi-agency/ stakeholder cooperation,
collaboration and capacity building.

The discussion on the paper was pointed to a question (raised by Rui Pereira) regarding the
legitimacy of preventive action: whether action towards addressing IS problems be taken by the
country in which the IS originate or be taken by a country which imports a product infested by IS?
The author remarked this to be a tricky issue as countries as a group have a collective responsibility
to contain the IS. A clear example was cited by the author to this, which is the threat of South
American Leaf Blight (SALB) which is a potential threat for natural rubber producing countries in the
South and South East Asian region.

The third presentation by Dr. Paul Ferrar provided a clear and concise overview of the
various economically important Fruit Fly species in Asia with special reference to their taxonomy,
species, biology, life cycle and current management challenges (seehttp://ipm.ait.asia/inception).

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

It also discussed the attractants and trapping methods and the damage caused by fruit flies
mainly in terms of crop losses of significant proportions. Among the different management and
control measures discussed, the prominent methods were: cover spraying, bagging of fruits, cultural
control, protein bait spraying, etc. However, from the perspective of control of fruit fly menace, the
cover spraying method has been reported to be inappropriate as it has several disadvantages in
terms of: a) cost-ineffectiveness, b) labor and time intensity; c) damage caused to beneficial
organisms and the environment; d) health impacts on the farmer/ worker who undertake spraying;
and e) appearance of chemical residues in fruits.

The paper dealt at some length with the protein bait spraying method being propagated as
an appropriate control method for fruit flies. This method has several advantages, which mainly
include: cost effectiveness, health safety for the operator, negligible environmental impacts,
protection of non-target organisms and no risk of pesticide residues. Compared to cover spraying
and fruit bagging methods, the protein bait spraying has only two disadvantages: its labor intensity
and repetition during the entire fruit cycle. The paper also discussed a case study conducted in
Northern Vietnam where bait spraying was administered to control Bactrocera pyrifoliae in peaches.
It has been reported that bait spraying was effective in reducing the crop losses to tolerable limits of
below 5%. Surprisingly, it was also reported that, due to the effective control of the fruit flies, the
children in the region had the benefit of seeing full-grown peaches for the first time! While
concluding the presentation, Dr Ferrar underlined the importance of giving more attention to
understand how the small farmer tries to grapple with the issue in his small plot of land which has
several other problems as well.

During discussion, a point raised was: whether the bait spraying method is quite a feasible
method for large orchards or not. The response to this question was in the affirmative. However, as
a generalization, it may be observed that though bait spraying has several advantages, it requires
further enquiry as regards to the comparative economics (benefits vs costs) of bait spraying method
over or in combination with several other management methods.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

The paper did not have convincing evidences on this other aspect than some descriptions of
the reduction in labour use, pesticide use, protection of beneficial organisms, etc. This could be an
area of research as well. Further, a compiled paper on fruit flies in Asia providing details on major
fruit fly IPM aspects was provided by Dr. Ferrar that can be seen/downloaded from the project’s
website too (http://ipm.ait.asia/inception).

The fourth paper presented by Mr. Jothisiteganesh Shanmugasundaram, GIS Expert


(engaged by the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project) was a preliminary report of the GIS mapping of fruit flies
in the four Mekong countries, viz. Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam based on preliminary
data provided (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). The paper was quite important for the
intervention planning for the entire project as it tries to use the GIS tools to understand the spatial
and temporal distribution and magnitude of fruit fly infestations in the MRBC. In this regard, the
presentation was entirely focused on presenting the provincial level data concerning the spatial
spread of fruit flies in these countries and the severity of their occurrence classified in terms of: a)
whether fruit fly problems are present or absent; b) if present whether the intensity is high, medium
or low across the several provinces where IPM programmes have been implemented; c) crop area of
individual fruits and vegetable; and d) estimated crop losses.

The discussions on the paper confined to the precautions to be taken while using the GIS
mapping tool for the purpose. For instance, a delegate from Laos has raised some concerns as
regards the exactness of the data being used in the preliminary assessment, which needs further
verification before arriving at the conclusions. Some suggestions came from the floor to make the
GIS mapping more convincing in terms of broadening the information coverage to include the
scenarios of fruit fly infestation before and after IPM programmes. Similarly, it was pointed out to go
further into the details of the extent and severity of fruit fly infestations beyond just identifying
them as high/ medium or low. Additional suggestions came from Mr. Jan W. Ketelaar, FAO, who
suggested including an additional layer i.e. whether the crop in question is grown for local
consumption or for export to make these maps a good tool for area selection as planned in the
project. This could be addressed to an extent if GIS mapping is done further down the provincial
level, to understand the varying intensities at the district and sub-district levels.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Finally, Prabhat Kumar added that the purpose of GIS mapping for this project is primarily
for the purpose of area identification for project interventions. However, in future, with more
interest from partners and collaborators follow-up work could be undertaken. He further informed
the workshop that the completed maps will be available at the project’s website for general public
use.

The final presentation of the plenary session was delivered by Dr. Rui Pereira of FAO/IAEA
(see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). The information shared by him was quite useful as it helped
participants understand the efforts made by the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency in the
area of fruit fly management in collaboration with the FAO. It discussed the importance of an area-
wide concept to be used for IPM for control of fruit flies. Accordingly, the approach gives thrust on
entire population/ farm plot level instead of controlling it on a field by field basis, which results in
continuous pest reinvasion. The advantage of this approach is that it uses a phased conditional
approach involving four phases of action. These four phases include: a) Phase I: Baseline data
collection and programme planning; b) Phase II: Improved monitoring and control; c) Phase III:
Preparation of AW-IPM according to objectives; and d) Phase IV: Implementation of operational AW-
IPM. The paper also highlighted the importance of clearly identifying the AW-IPM control options
with respect to the market potential of fruit crops/ vegetables, which will result in better
management outcomes in the current context of changing global trade scenario. As an important
step in the integrated IPM approach, the paper considers the critical aspect of involvement of
grower organizations as well as community participation.

Note: FAO/IAEA has been on the forefront of Sterile Male Technique (SIT) approach of fruit fly
management through active collaboration with many countries worldwide including Thailand (see
http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/ipc/tephritid-fruit-flies.html for more information).

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6. Session 2: Status of fruit fly management in MRBC

The aim of the second session was first to allow the country implementation agency to
collect, compile, analyze and present the range of information on the fruit flies as baseline
information for the project.

The second session was chaired by Mr. Jan Willem Ketelaar and Dr. S. K. Ghosh acted as
reporteur. Out of six papers in the session, five (Thailand, Cambodia, Lao, Myanmar and Vietnam)
shared the past experiences, current status and plans for the fruit fly IPM for smallholders vegetable
and fruit growers. The sixth paper presented by BCRL reviewed the constraint faced in the current
practice and how research done in the past ten years can be translated into commercial products of
use.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.1 Fruit flies in Thailand

Ms. Watchreeporn Orankanok and Mr. Tharmnoon Boonkraisorn from Department of


Agriculture Extension (DoAE) presented the country paper (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception).
Thailand has a long-history of fruit fly management especially the use of Sterile Insect Technique
(SIT). First such effort began in 1982 by the Office of Atoms for Peace against the Oriental fruit fly (B.
dorsalis) in Chiangmai province in Northern part of Thailand at pilot scale. Ms. Orankanok further
reported that the level of infestation has reduced dramatically from the level of 54.7% in 1987 to
mere 4% in the year 1997. In 2001, Thailand adopted the area-wide IPM concept for fruit fly
management and in two provinces i.e. Pichit and Ratchaburi provinces. Area wide IPM activities was
initiated in 2001 at Ratchaburi and Phichit to suppress mainly two species of fruit fly – B. dorsalis and
B. cucurbitae and successfully extended the technology by training and motivating the stake holders.

Further, she informed that a number of training for the extension workers and fruit growers
have been organized using SIT in combination with the other methods of fruit fly control i.e. removal
of secondary host, sanitation practices, MAT (male annihilation technique) , BAT (bait application
technique) etc. On another note she informed that five species of fruit flies are common in Thailand
and they include, B. correcta (Guava fruit fly); B. carambolae; B. curcubitae (Melon fly); B.
umbrosa; and B. latifrons (Malaysian fruit fly).

The thrust for the future is to establish community plant


pest management centers to enhance participation of the
community in the IPM project which will support the scaling up of
the project from pilot scale to national level by incorporating new
technologies. A question was raised on the cost of SIT and also
possibilities o fusing this technique for different species of fruit
flies.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.2 Fruit flies in Cambodia

Mr. Chou Cheythyrith and Mr. Heng Chhun Hy of National IPM Programme of Ministry of
Agriculture and Forestry presented the country paper of Cambodia (see
http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). Fruit fly management to date has not been addressed adequately.
Only in recent years through FAO and CARE funded projects, Cambodia started working on fruit flies.
A year-long FAO project, which concluded in 2009, some basic trainings on surveillance, quarantine,
documenting host-species etc. has been addressed. The CARE-funded project is working on fruit flies
management on mango production.

Fruit fly infestation in two provinces has been recorded at 80-100% by melon fly and 30% by
oriental fly. Pesticides are currently the main stay of fruit fly management and some farmers use fruit
bagging as means to protect
fruits and vegetables. Some
farmers reported to use the
protein bait, bait station as well
as spot application. Two fruit fly
species, oriental fruit fly (B.
dorsalis) and melon fly (B.
cucurbitae) are the commonly
known species. Apart from
these species 6 more species have been recorded i.e. B. correcta, B.tau, B. caudate, Dacus logicornis,
B. dorsalis complect, and B. tubercolata. Future activities were discussed which included conducting
base line survey, development of curricula for the FFS etc. to sustain IPM on fruit flies. Need of
guidance from fruit fly taxonomist was expressed.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.3 Fruit flies in Lao PDR

Mr. Tiangkham Vongsabouth, acting National IPM project Plant Protection Center, DOA, MAF
Lao PDR and Mr. Thongsavanh Taipangnavong IPM expert, FAO-Lao PDR presented the country
paper (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). Until now only very limited work focusing on the species
identification of the fruit flies has been carried out leaving significant task ahead to develop
management strategies and capacity building. Most of the locally produced fruits and vegetable are
primarily meant for the local market and some for export to the neighboring countries. Up to
present, there is no information on the occurrence of fruit flies and estimates on yield losses due to
fruit fly damage in the country. The Plant Protection Centre conducted surveys on the prevalence of
fruit fly in some locality in Vientiane capital and till date 13 species were reported from different
crops. B. dorsalis and B. cucurbitae are common species reported from fruit crops and melons,
respectively. Other reported species are, B. correcta. B. carambolas, B. scutellaris, B. caudta, B. tau,
B. apicalis, B. verbascifoliae, B. albistrigata, B. nigrotibialis, B. cilifera, Dacus dorsalis and D.
longicornis. Sanitization and wrapping of fruits with paper are the main management practices in
addition to pesticide usage. Extension of bait technology, farmer's training through field schools and
technical documentation was emphasized as future planning of the programme.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.4 Fruit flies in Myanmar

Dr. Khin Nyunt Yee and Mr. Soe Than from Myanmar Agriculture Service and Myanmar Mango
Group respectively attended the workshop and made the country presentation (see
http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). The core theme of presentation was focused on the increased
production and export potential of mango from Myanmar to China. The mango production is facing
threats from different fruit flies, mainly B. dorsalis and B. correcta. Some of the notable
management practices for fruit fly are mulching, foliar spray with EM-5 and bagging of fruits. Efforts
are made to demonstrate IPM by conducting training and a workshop on production and post -
harvest handling of mango. Whereas fruit flies can be effectively managed with the above
mentioned methods, the major present constraints in mango production include a lack of lucrative
markets, good transport and packaging technologies.

Generation of baseline data, extension of BAIT trap and human resource training requires
attention as future planning of the programme. The Myanmar delegation, which is involved in an
IFAD/FAO funded project, is joining this regional initiative with support from other FAO extra
budgetary project resources.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.5 Fruit flies in Vietnam

Dr. Nguyen Van Hoa and Dr. Ho Van Chien from Southern Horticultural Research Institute
(SOFRI), and Southern Plant Protection Center (SPPC) respectively, presented the country paper (see
http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). Fruit fly identification and management has been addressed through past
several projects in Vietnam mainly with funding support from ACIAR. Having 7 different agro-climatic
zone enriched with various fruits and vegetables, the year round cultivation has contributed to the
buildup of fruit fly populations beyond control level. The nine fruit fly species of major economic
importance in Vietnam are: Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae, B. correcta, B. cucurbitae, B. dorsalis,
B. tau, B. verbascifoliae and B. zonata. Host records have been established for 26 species of fruits and 16
species of vegetables of major economic importance and another 11 species of wild or medicinal plants
in Vietnam. Several management options have been tried so far in Vietnam like, using of systemic
insecticides, bagging of fruit at suitable stage, trapping with Methyl Eugenol (allyl-3,4-
dimethyoxybenzene), protein bait (SOFRI Protein 10 DD and sanitation. Among them the spot
application by protein bait laced with insecticides has been under the large scale application, which has
reduced the infestation level from 50% to 4%. Further the presenters emphasized to implement this
technology as team work to make it more effective using FFS. He also shared that Vietnam has in the
past conducted some trainings to the extension officials and farmers too. Future thrust area identified
was to improve the persistence, quality, production process and finally train the farmers using FFS to use
PB in effective manner as a component of IPM.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.6. Novel options for fruit fly management (BCRL, India)

Dr. Malvika Chaudhary, BCRL, India presented the last paper of the session providing a
broad overview of available novel products for fruit fly and newer products while emphasizing
recent research done in cover spray, MAT, BAT bio-control, field sanitation, miscellaneous
technologies (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception). Focus was also on the available commercial
products in this context and utilization of these in various fruit fly management programmes (e.g. in
Taiwan, Mauritius, Hawaii and India). The role of Bio-Control Research Laboratories, India to develop
commercial products on identified constraints was emphasized. The validation of research in feeler
trials will lead to development of female biased pheromone technique, one way valve trap, use of
entomofungal pathogen for pupal stages and as ovipositional deterrent and also for post-harvest
man agent use of organic salt formulation will be done under the project. Possibilities of replacing
insecticide by using B.bassiana and also developing fungal infection to the population by auto-
dissemination of B .bassiana along with pheromone and electrostatic powder has been discussed.
Conducting plant clinic as extension tool to disseminate the knowledge of IPM up to grower level will
also lead to generation of large data which can be used for identifying problematic areas and
forecasting pest infestation.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

6.7 Fruit flies in Mekong river basin countries (summary of session 2)

The presentation from various countries in MRB provided in-depth national status on
various important aspects of fruit fly management in this region. As summary following key points
emerged out:

Various species of tephritid fruit flies are affecting a range of important fruit and vegetable
crops in this sub-region;
Through support from past projects many countries were able to establish identification of
some species. However species identification remains a important task at local and regional
level;
Due to extended seasons of fruiting, the level of infestation and resulting damage has
increased many folds in the past decades;
There exists a wide difference in the level of past experiences on fruit fly management in this
region. Some countries like Vietnam and Thailand have good experiences, but others needs
substantial support to achieve a similar level of experiences and knowledge;
Only few management options namely protein baits and ME have been used so far widely in
this region and these too mostly as stand-alone control measures. Until now little has been
done on developing broad based IPM packages in this region;
Through past projects in some countries trainings have been organized but until now there
are no regional or national experiences available where fruit fly management has been
developed for FFS platform;
The existing network and cooperation among NIPM in the region provides a very strong
network that could take lead in developing locally assembled and need based IPM package
for important fruit fly species and also could develop the FFS curricula for farmer’s
education.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7. Session 3: Fruit flies management strategies in MRBC

Prior to moving to the planning sessions, experiences from the Hawaii IPM Programme’s
planning process and insights into developing area-wide fruit fly IPM was presented by Prof. Ron
Mau, who also chaired this session (see http://ipm.ait.asia/inception).

For planning purposes a simple format was provided to the country teams prior to the
planning session. The country teams along with the various fruit fly experts and resource persons
began to develop work plans before lunch and continued until the late afternoon. The plans
developed and presented during this session were only draft plans, which would have to be further
refined in consultations with the respective ministries after representatives returning to their home
countries. Most countries only presented partial plans for some initial discussion pending the
development of detailed intervention strategies and log-frames as part of country strategy papers to
be developed as a follow-up to this workshop.

Prof. Ron Mau provided the following points as further suggestions for development of the work
plan:

“Developing work plans is difficult even for experienced project leaders. It is insufficient to
say that the program will be performed using the Farmer Field School method. I think that it
might have been easier if the teams charted their plans in a manner that is shown in the
attached power point file “Outcomes Plan – Hawaii Fruit Fly IPM” (see
http://ipm.ait.asia/inception ). Once short term, intermediate term and long-term outcomes
are identified, it will be easier for the country teams to plan the lessons and curriculum for
the FFS for each of the targeted fruit fly species. Certainly, development and retention of
knowledge and hands-on experience in learning that the students can easily accomplish the
pest suppression programs are key to success”;

“I think that an outcomes plan for melon fly suppression is a very good starting place for
small holder farmers. Knowledge of the local melon fly roosting hosts can be easily obtained
by field observation by farmers as part of the FFS curriculum”.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

“From this, lessons on how to use cue-lure traps of local population density can be designed
and can be used to chart the impacts of poisoned protein bait spot application on roosting
hosts on the overall population density as well as the reduction of damaged fruit. Bitter
gourd or another common local crop like sponge gourd or squash might be suitable for the
FFS crop system”;

“Knowledge on fruit fly ID, and life cycle, as well as the fly numbers emerging from infested
fruit can be included in lesson plans and using traps in augmentorium cages. I am including
a poster handout titled “123 Melon Fly Suppression” as an example of how the farmers can
chart cuelure fly densities and reduction in crop damage”.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.1. Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand

Thailand has an active fruit fly IPM Programme and considerable experiences of
implementing it in pre-selected locations in the country for past many years. Based on these
experiences they have proposed to work in two provinces in the country (see locations in the map)

Chaiyaphum Province , NE Thailand – Chilli-pepper crop


Ratchabri Province, Central Thailand – Tropical fruits

The major activities proposed by the Thai team include:

Baseline Surveys
Training of trainers / extension officials
Training of Farmers using FFS
Monitoring and Evaluation etc.

Further details on Thailand draft work plan can be seen in the annex 3.

Fig.1. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Thailand

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.2. Work plan for FF IPM in Cambodia

Fruit fly management in Cambodia is relatively new area at all level in national IPM
programme. Therefore, Cambodia team has presented a detail draft work plan for further
refinement and comments from the group of experts and resource persons.

Based on the crop acreage and damage information available for bitter gourd crop (B.
cucurbitae) tentatively 3 provinces are selected for the project implementation (see location in the
map):
Kampong Cham
Kandal
Battambang
The major activities proposed are:

Completion of GIS mapping


Baseline survey
Develop training module, FFS, TOT etc.

Detailed draft work plan can be seen in the annex 4.

Fig.2. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Cambodia

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.3. Work plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR

To date no significant fruit fly management project has been undertaken in Lao PDR baring
some initial work on species identification. Based on the good IPM FFS experiences on rice and
vegetables and the urgent need to undertake the FF IPM the Lao team presented their work plan.
Further they decided to initiate IPM work on both species i.e. B. dorsalis and B. cucurbitae of fruit
flies.
Based on crop acreage estimates and experiences two provinces were prioritized by the Lao
team to implement the major activities for the project:
Vientiane Capital
Vientiane Province

The major activities proposed are:

Completion of GIS mapping


Baseline survey
Develop training module, TOT & FFS etc

Detailed draft work plan can be seen in the annex 5.

Fig.3. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Lao PDR

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.4. Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar

Myanmar joined this regional initiative primarily to strengthen an ongoing FAO/IFAD


supported export oriented mango project, where fruit flies are major problem. Apart from all other
project countries Myanmar has limited prior experiences to the FFS approach of extension and also
possibly participatory adaptive research methodologies. It is expected that by interacting and
participating in the various project activities, the country team would get a good exposure on these
methods. Currently, FAO supports some participatory training activities on off-season mango
production and the exploration of innovative fruit fly management options could feature in such
action research activities.

Accordingly, the mango crop was selected as priority crop for developing FF IPM and already
the project has prioritized the production areas of Shan (South) State, Mandalay Division and Yangon
Division for implementation of project activities. The mango fruit fly (B. dorsalis) will be target
species for their work in coming two years.
The Myanmar country team presented the following
activities as a part of their work plan:

Baseline survey
Data collection to learn population dynamics of
fruit flies
Capacity building of the PPD (plant protection
department) staffs
Training to the farmers
Detailed draft work plan can be seen in the annex 6.

Fig.4. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Myanmar

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.5. Work plan for FF IPM in Vietnam

Vietnam has one of the most active Non SIT based fruit fly IPM implementation experiences
in the region. Also, it has been recipient of several projects including one of protein bait
commercialization and utilization from ACIAR. Scientific background information on species
identification, life-cycle, biology, ecology and other aspects is available which provides a very good
basis for development of farmer’s education programme using FFS. In addition, the existence of a a
vibrant and nation-wide IPM network with its decade of experiences of developing and
implementing FFS for a range of crops throughout the country provides the needed background to
develop, pilot and expand the FF IPM FFS.

The major activities planned for this project are shown in the following two flow-charts (one
for each year of the project)

The major activities proposed were the followings:

Baseline Survey
TOT
FFS
Setting-up pilot sites etc

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Three provinces from South Vietnam were selected as the project implementation sites:

Vinh Long
Tien Giang
Long An

Further details on work plan for FF IPM in Vietnam can be seen in the annex 7.

Fig. 5. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Vietnam

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.6. Summary of regional FF IPM project planning

7.6.1. Planning Process

The planning process which started before this inception & planning workshop would
continue in the coming weeks to enable each participating countries to consult their ministries and
to develop following documents before project activities are implemented:
Completion of the GIS mapping based on agreed 5 layers mapping to use as a planning
tool to select the area of project implementation , the fig.6 shows the initial agreed
project implementation sites on a regional basis;
Development of a short and concise country strategy paper for the proposed fruit fly
IPM project intervention. A template, complete with log frame table, was developed
and sent to the country teams for this purpose. A log-frame of project (draft) can be
seen in annex 7.

Fig.6. Regional map of MRB showing project implementation sites in 5 countries

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

7.6.2. Follow-up trainings needs

Most country teams and external experts invited to the workshop suggested to organize a
regional level workshop for the key trainers from the NIPM and/or implementing agencies in order
to provide hands-on experiences and background knowledge on the various aspects of the fruit fly
management.

The suggested learning objectives include:

Life cycle, biology and ecology of the fruit flies selected or prioritized for the project (mostly
B. dorsalis and B. cucurbitae; in case of Thailand B. correcta);
Host range, roosting plants species, non-host, spatial and temporal distribution;
Male Annihilation Techniques (MAT)
Baits and cuelures (Protein baits etc.)
Traps designs, seasonality and its uses in various crops
Sanitation and augmentorium
Other management methods e.g. bagging
Other country specific issue (will come up while discussing the content of training)
Curriculum and training materials development

Accordingly, plans are underway to organize a hands-on training (possibly at southern Vietnam)
covering these issues by November this year involving the project partners and external experts.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

8. Field Trip Report

In conjunction with the organization of the inception workshop, a field trip was organized on
1 September 2010 with the purpose of providing first-hand information to the participants on
the various fruit fly management related work in host-country Thailand.

The following three locations were visited by the country teams and resource persons:

Site I: Fruit Fly suppressions programme: A local government initiated fruit fly suppression

programme in Samut Sakhon Province

Site II: SWIFT’s Export Packing House, Nakhon Pathom to learn about the Vapor Heat
Treatment facility for export of mangoes to Japan

Site III: Varietal screening programme against Malaysian fruit fly on Chili-pepper at Dept.
Horticulture, Fac. of Agriculture at Kampheng Saen, Kasersart University, Nakhon Pathom

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

8.1. Feedback session on field trip from participants

A feedback session was organized to summarize the key findings and issues related to each
visited site. In the feedback session, the participants along with the resource persons sat together to
share experiences. This group work was followed by plenary presentations, which are summarized
below.

8.1.1. Site I: Fruit Fly suppressions programme Samut Sakhon Province

The field trip at Samut Sakhon begins with visiting the provincial administrative office, where
a short presentation on the fruit fly suppression programme was provided prior to the field visit.

The fruit fly suppressions programmes includes the following important features:

The local government supplied free Methyl


Eugenol ( ME) to farmers to break-down the
large scale population as the area currently
grow guava and rose apple for export and
domestic markets
Exchange of captured FF with Fertilizer: 2
liters of dead fruit fly body was exchanged for
1 bag of 16-16-8 (NPK) fertilizer
In one year collected 846 liters of FF bodies were collected

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Observations from the field:

Crop: Guava and Rose Apple (B. correcta and B. dorsalis); Ridge gourd (B. cucurbitae)

The bagging of guava begins 3 months after


flowering
A layer of extra paper is attached on the top
of plastic to protect it from sunlight induced
deterioration (to enhance the life of plastic
bags)
The growers maintains only one fruit per small
branch to be able to achieve a marketable size
Normally the crop is pruned to maintain the canopy that facilities easier harvest
The programme is not based on training farmers
and their capacity building
Trap density was observed too be too high. Not
that many traps are needed as per
recommendation
Farmers were unable to differentiate the species
of the fruit flies trapped
ME only able to attracts B. dorsalis not B.
cucurbitae
Sanitation (disposal of infested fruits) were not
apparent from the observation
From discussion with the farmers, it was not clear
that at what intervals the lures are changed
The method of using ME on cotton bolls is very
expensive. Therefore, other methods especially
those which prolongs the life of ME are advised

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Free fertilizers in exchange may not be a sustainable method for long-term management of
this pest. The idea is good to break the initial large population, but the planners needs to
take note of farmer’s training in combination with other methods for instance, the female
removal method as well to ensure sustainability.

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

8.1.2. Site II: SWIFT’s Export Packing House, Nakhon Pathom

SWIFT is one of the leading private sector fruits and vegetable exporting company in the Thai
kingdom engaged in export of fresh and processed fruit and vegetable. The company manages
various fruit and vegetable pack houses (3 stations pack houses: Kampaengsaen, Chiangmai and
Petchaboon and one new pack house in
Eastern part of the country) to process and
export their products. In addition, the
contracted growers of this company received
GlobalGAP, QGAP and Organic certificates for
over 250 ha of land to enable the company to
export organic produce as well. Currently the
products are exported to the Japan, Korea,
Taiwan, Middle East (M-E), Europe (EU), USA,
Australia and New Zeeland.

The purpose of the visit was to expose participants to the VHT (vapor heat treatment) unit, a
requirement for exporting mangoes to countries like Japan. Since fruit flies are important quarantine
pests, other than China, many countries including Taiwan impose strict regulatory measures for
importing fresh fruits from the region.

Observations:

The organization of the pack house was very good for both fruit and vegetable products
VPT treatment is suitable for export to the Japan, Korea, Aus and NZ. How can they export
to USA?
The participants were interested to learn how the company is able to pay the fund needed
for various certifications every year?
How is the pricing policy to the contracted growers?
How do the importers accept the agro-chemical free farming products? For what price?
Perception?

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

In Vietnam: for mango the VPH treatment can work well at 46.5oC for 20 min and wind
speed: 2 m/second)
VHT is expensive for the small farmers, if they wish to export on their own. Moreover, some
countries in Asia like China do not require products to be treated using VHT
Participants were also interested to learn the process of risk assessment for soil and water
and others suggested including the pest risk assessment into the planning process for
producing fruits and vegetables

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

8.1.3. Site III: Screening for Chili-pepper germplasm against Malaysian Fruit fly (B.
latifrons)

The final destination for the field trip was the visit to a chili-pepper germplasm screening
programme at Kassetsart University.

The hosts provided an overview of their programme:

A research plan with the aim to develop chili-pepper varieties having tolerance against
B. latifrons
Some accessions are showing various degree of tolerance so far
The total acid content o the fruit is positively correlated to the fruit fly damage
More work is planned in the future for testing against various population pressure levels
in greenhouses

Observations

The breeding programme does not take into account other commonly occurring diseases like
viruses and anthracnose
If successful, it could provide a good relevance to many chili growing areas in MRBC
It was suggested that the DNA sequences of susceptible and resistant varieties could be
searched and then checked for different sequence
Further DNA markers assisted breeding could be searched for faster screening of both the
germplasm and hybridization

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Annexes

43
Annex 1: List of Participants

Austria

1. Rui Cardoso Pereira, Entomologist (PhD) 6. Dr.S.K.Ghosh


Insect Pest Control Section Head and Asst. General Manager, (Bio-
Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques pesticide)
in Food and Agriculture Bio-Control Research Laboratories
Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100 A division of Pest Control (India) Pvt. Ltd.
A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA Bangalore, India
E-Mail: R.Cardoso-Pereira@iaea.org
Tel: +43.1.2600.26077;
Fax: +43.1.26007 Lao PDR

7. Mr. Thongsavanh Taipangnavong


Australia National IPM Expert
FAO ICP for IPM in Vegetables –
2. Dr Paul Ferrar Country office Lao PDR
Chief, AICAR-IPM (former) P.O. Box 1640, Vientiane, Lao PDR
8 Gregson Plcae, Curtin Tel: (856-21) 812142,
PO Box 216, Curtin, ACT 2605, Australia Fax: (856-21) 812130
Tel/Fax: +61-26161 4853 Email: faoipm@laotel.com ,
Email: pferrar@grapevine.com.au ipmlaos@laotel.com

Cambodia 8. Mr. Tiangkham Vongsabouth


National IPM Coordinator (acting)
3. Mr. Chou, Cheythyrith FAO ICP for IPM in Vegetables –
Vegetable IPM Project Coordinator Country office Lao PDR
FAO ICP for IPM in vegetables P.O. Box 1640, Vientiane, Lao PDR
Country Office-Cambodia Tel: (856-21) 812142,
House 54B, St. 656 Fax: (856-21) 812130
Sangkat Teuk Laak,
Khan Toul Kork
Phnom Penh, Cambodia Malaysia
Tel/Fax: +855-23-880465
9. Dr. Wai-Hong Loke
4. Mr. Heng Chhun Hy Regional Director, CABI Southeast & East Asia
Deputy Director, Glasshouse Complex
The Department of the Plant Protection, MARDI, 43400 Serdang
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Selangor, Malaysia
Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries Telephone: +60 (3) 8943 2921
Phnom Penh, Cambodia Fax: +60 (3) 8942 6490
Email: loke@cabi.org

India Myanmar

5. Dr. Malvika Chaudhary 10. Mr. Soe Than


Bio-Control Research Laboratories Director of Myat Yadanar Agriculture Co.Ltd.
A division of Pest Control (India) Pvt. Ltd. 24/3 Bogyoke Aung San Road, Yae Aye Kwin
Bangalore, India Qr., Taunggyi, Souther Shan State, Myanmar
Mobile: +91 9343942214; Phone: +95-81-21153
Email: malvika.chaudhary@pcil.in Mobile: +95-9521-5718
Email: soethan77@gmail.com
Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

15. Mr. Tharmanoon Boonkraisorn


11. Dr. Khin Nyunt Yee Director of Production Promotion and
Deputy Supervisor Development Group
Plant Protection Division Office of Agricultural Extension and
Myanmar Agriculture Service Development Region 4
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Khon kaen Provice
Tel: 095-1-644214 Tel: 04326 1336 Fax: 04326 1337
Fax.095-1-644019 Email: tamanoonb@live.com
Email ppmas.moai@mptmail.net.mm

16. Mr. Aroonpol Payakapanta


Taiwan Directorate of Promotion of Crop Production
and Protection Group
12. Dr. Pai-Po Lee Bureau of Agricultural production and Quality
Deputy Secretary General Control
Taiwan ICDF Department of Agriculture Extension,
14F, No. 9, Lane 62, Tien Mou West Rd. Royal Government of Thailand,
Taipei 11157, Taiwan Telefax: +66 2 561 4663
Tel: 886-2- 22873-2323- Ext. 102 Email agriqua33@doae.go.th
Fax: 886-2-2876-6485
Email: p.p.lee@icdf.org.tw 17. Ms. Sukosm Chinvinijkul
c/o Director, Bureau of Agricultural Product
Quality Development
Tanzania Department of Agricultural Extension. 2148/1
Paholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
13. Ms. Claudia Fichtner THAILAND.
Interim Project Manager
Global Horticulture Initiative 18. Mr. Jan Willem Ketelaar
c/o AVRDC – RCA; P.O.Box 10, Duluti, Chief Technical Advisor/Team Leader
Arusha, Tanzania FAO Asia-IPM Programme
Tel: +255-(27)-255-3093; FAO Regional Office for the Asia Pacific
Mobile: +255-(76)-4473610 No. 39 Maliwan Mansion, Phra Athit Road
Fax: +255-(27)-255-3125 Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Email: cfichtner@globalhort.org Tel: +66-2-697-4274
Fax: +66-2-697-4422
Thailand Email: Johannes.Ketelaar@fao.org

14. Mrs. Watchreporn Orankanok 19. Ms. Abubakar Alma Linda


Director; Irradiation for Agricultural Programme Development Officer
FAO ICP for IPM in Vegetables, Regional office
Development
FAO Regional Office for the Asia Pacific
Department of Agriculture Extension No. 39 Maliwan Mansion, Phra Athit Road
2043/1 Department of Agricultural Extension, Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Paholyothin Road, Chatujak, Bangkok Phone: +66-2-697-4180
10900. THAILAND. Fax: +66-2-697-4422
Phone: 662 940 6187; Email: AlmaLinda.Ababakar@fao.org
Fax: 662 940 6188
Email : watchreeporn@doae.go.th ;
watchreeporn@yahoo.com

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

20. Mr. Lakchai Menakanit 27. Dr. Prabhat Kumar


IPM Consultant Coordinator (Asian FF Fly IPM Project)
10/5 Soi Prachachuen 38 Affiliated Faculty-cum-Senior Research
Bangsue District Specialist
Bangkok, Thailand ASE/SERD ; AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag,
Tel: +66-81 8173596 Pathumthani 12120 Thailand
Fax: +66-2 589 5780 Tel: +66-2-524-5477; Fax: +66-2-524-6200
Email: lakchai@csloxinfo.com Email: pkipm@ait.asia and pkipm@yahoo.com

21. Ms. PatchreeMenakanit 28. Dr. Narinder Dhillon


10/5 Soi Prachachuen 38 Vegetable Breeder-Cucurbit
Bangsue District Asian Regional Center
Bangkok, Thailand AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center; 4/F,
Tel: +66-81 8173596 Research & Development Bldg.
Fax: +66-2 589 5780 Kassetsart University; Bangkhen, Bangkok
10900; THAILAND
22. Mr. Paichayon Uathaveekul Tel: +66-2-9428686 or 66-2-9428687
Chairman, Swift Co. Ltd. Fax: +66-2-9428688
65/2 Moo 6 Tambon Donkhoi Email: Narinder.dhillon@wordveg.org
Kampaengsan, Nakornpathom 73140, Thailand
Tel: (66-34) 351 025-6, 352 576 29. Dr. Banpot Napompeth
Fax: (66-34) 352 639 Founder and Adviser
Email: exotic@thaifreshproduce.com National Biological Control Research Center
Kassetsart University
23. Mr. Thitipong Telavanich PO Box 9-52, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900,
Samut Sakhon Provincial Administration Thailand
Samut sakohn Province Tel:+66-2579-3649, Fax +66-2-942-8355
Thailand Email: agrban@ku.ac.th

24. Prof. Joydeep Dutta 30. Ms. Sopana Yule


Vice President Academic Affairs Entomologist
Asian Institute of Technology Asian Regional Center
Po Box 4, Klong Lunag, Pathumthani 12120, AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center; 4/F,
Thailand Research & Development Bldg.
Email: joy@ait.asia Kassetsart University; Bangkhen, Bangkok
10900; THAILAND
25. Dr. Weerakorn Ongsakul Tel: +66-2-9428686 or 66-2-9428687
Dean, SERD Fax: +66-2-9428688
Asian Institute of Technology
PO Box 4, Klong Lunag, Pathumthani 12120 31. Mr. Pornchai Chanprasit
Thailand Seed production research manager
Email: ongsakul@ait.asia Eastwest Seeds (Thailand)
Email:
Pornchai.Chanprasit@eastwestseed.com
26. Dr. Abha Mishra
Affiliated Faculty-cum-Senior Research 32. Dr. Peeyush Soni
Specialist Adjunct Faculty (ASE)
ASE/SERD ASE/SERD
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani
12120, Thailand 12120 Thailand
Tel: +66-2-524-5459; Fax: +66-2-524-6200 Email: soni@ait.ac.th
Email: abhamishra@ait.asia

46
Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

33. Dr. P.K. Viswanathan 42. Mr. Suraporn Onputtha


Research Scientist Master Student ASE/SERD
"Agricultural Transition in Asia" AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani
(Rockefeller Foundation project) 12120, Thailand
School of Environment Resources and
Development (SERD) United States of America
Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)
Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
NRM/SERD
43. Prof. Ronald F. L. Mau
Professor Emeritus
Dept of Plant and Enviro. Protection Sci
34. Ms. Suthamma Maneepitas
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Doctoral Student
3050 Maile Way;
Natural Resource Management FOS
Honolulu, HI 96822 USA
SERD, AIT, Bangkok, Thailand
Cell Phone: 808-220-0214;
Fax: 808-808-956-7063
35. Dr. Parish Nalavade
Email: maur@ctahr.hawaii.edu
Research Scientist (ASE)
School of Environment, Resources and
Development
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani Vietnam
12120 Thailand

36. Ms. Ancy Robinson 44. Dr. Nguyen Van Hoa


Research Associate Deputy Director General (Plant Pathologist)
ASE/SERD Sothern Horticulture Research Institute
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences
12120 Thailand Box 203 My Tho-Tien Giang- Vietnam
Phone: 0084 73. 3893125
Mobile: 091.8582261
37. Mr. Jothiganesh Shanmugasundaram Fax: 0084. 73. 3893122
GIS Expert, RIMES Email: hoavn2003@gmail.com
AIT, Pathumthani Hoa_vn2003@yahoo.com
Email: ssjothiganesh@gmail.com

38. Ms. Mayuree Yasueb 45. Mr. Ho van Chien


Master Student Director of Southern Plant Protection Center
ASE/SERD Long Dinh, Chau Thanh
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani Tien Giang, Vietnam
12120, Thailand Email: hvchien@vnn.vn
cellphone: 0913962736
39. Mr. Patarapol Sumreddee
Master Student ASE/SERD
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani
12120, Thailand
(ASE)

40. Mr. Khagendra


Master Student ASE/SERD
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani
12120, Thailand

41. Ms. Jeerajit Dissana


Master Student ASE/SERD
AIT, PO Box 4; Klong Lunag, Pathumthani
12120, Thailand

47
Annex 2: Inception Workshop Schedule

31 August 2010 (Tuesday) Arrival of the participants


Arrival of the participants and check-in (AIT Conference Center)
Setting-up Demonstration stalls (seed companies, BCRL, India)*
Day 1: 1ST September 2010 (Wednesday): Field Trip
Field Trip (AM): Samut Sakhon Fruit fly management campaign Field Trip (PM): SWIFT’s Processing House &
Kassetsart University, Nakhon Pathom
Day 2: 2ND September 2010 (Thursday)
Venue: Room B 108 AIT Conference Center
800 – 850 am : Registration & Introduction to AIT (VDO Show)
Time Activity Who
Opening Speech Prof. Joydeep Dutta
0900 0915
(Opening of IPM AIT Website; Beta version) VPAA, AIT
Prof. Weerakorn
0915 0925 Introduction -School of Environment, Resources and Development
Ongsakul, Dean SERD
0925 0935 Expectations from the donor- the ICDF Dr. Po-Pi Lee, ICDF
0935 0945 Overview from Global Horticulture Initiative Ms. Claudia Fichtner, GHI
0945 1000 Introduction of the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Prabhat Kumar, AIT
1000 1030 Tea / Coffee Break

Session I: Fruit Flies in Asia


Chair: Banpot Napompeth ; Reporteur: P. K. Vishwanathan
Overview of FAO’s Integrated Pest Management Programme in Jan Willem Ketelaar
1045 1115
Asia FAO-RAP
Invasive Pest Species in Asia – a management challenge to Loke Wai Hong
1115 1145
sustainable crop production CABI SE Center
General overview of Fruit Flies in Asia – species, life cycle, Paul Ferrar
1145 1215
biology, crop losses and current management strategies ACIAR-IPM
1215 1315 Lunch Break
Distribution of fruit flies in Mekong countries: Preliminary findings Jothiganesh
1315 1345
using GIS mapping Shanmugasundaram
SIT & non-SIT based Area-Wide IPM of Fruit Flies: experiences and Rui Cardoso Pereira
1345 1415
lessons learned FAO/IAEA
Session II: Fruit Fly Management experiences from Mekong River Basin Countries
Chair: Jan Willem Ketalaar; Reporteur: S. K. Ghosh
1415 1445 Past experiences, current status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for Dept.of Agril. Extension
smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Thailand Thailand
1445 1500 Tea / Coffee Break
1500 1530 Past experiences, current status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for National IPM Programme
smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Cambodia Cambodia
1530 1600 Past experiences, current status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for National IPM Programme
smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Lao PDR Lao PDR
1600 1630 Past experiences, current Status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for Ministry of Agriculture &
smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Myanmar Irrigation, Myanmar
1630 1700 Past experiences, current Status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for National IPM Programme
smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Vietnam Vietnam
1700 1730 Current range of novel products for Fruit flies and plans for the BCRL, India
newer IPM fruit flies products

Welcome Dinner (hosted by Asian Institute of Technology)


Venue: Korea House, AIT
Time: 1830 pm
Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Day 3: 3RD. September 2010 (Friday)


Chair: Ronald Mau; Reporteur: AlmaLinda Abubakar

Session III: Planning for the Area Wide Fruit Fly IPM Project
Time Activity Who
Recapitulation & summary of Session II
ST
Sharing of experiences from the field trip of 1
September 2010 by each group
Dada/ Kumar
0830 0930 Work Plan Development:
GIS mapping
Country Work Plans

0930 1000 Fruit Fly Management Experiences from Hawaii IPM Programme Prof. Mau
1000 1015 Tea / Coffee Break
All national IPM Progarrme
1015 1215 Group work – work plan development

1215 1330 Lunch Break


1330 13350 Work Plan Presentation, Thailand DoAE, Thailand
1350 1410 Cambodia NIPM, Cambodia
1410 1430 Lao PDR NIPM, Lao PDR
1430 1450 Myanmar MA Myanmar
1450 1510 Vietnam NIPM, Vietnam
1510 1530 BCRL BCRl, India
1530 1540 LOGO selection and follow-up Kumar/Dada

Workshop Closing Dinner (hosted by FAO Regional IPM Programme)


Venue: Ploen Restaurant
Time: 1800 hrs

Notes:

Demonstration stall will remain until the end of the workshop and participants are encouraged to visit and
learn the various IPM products for their possible use in the action research programme.

Logo Selection: Potential logos for this project have been developed with assistance from FAO IPM staff and
would be displayed on a board for voting. Please vote for the logo that you think represents this project best
ND
before the evening of 2 September 2010. Final vote count will take place towards the end of the workshop
RD
on 3 September 2010 to choose a logo for this project.

49
Annex 3: Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand

Crop: CHILLI Total area 1143.52 Approach 218.72


ha area hectare
Province: Chaiyaphum, NE Thailand
SI Activities When Where Who How Buget(USD) responsible
(target
person)
1 characterize area of interest Apr-11 Kasetsombun, Growers baseline 2,200 DoAE
Chaiyaphum survey
2 Farmer trainer one a week from Kasetsombun, Farmers FFS 4,000 DoAE
seeding 'til Chaiyaphum
harvesting
3 training framer on FFS one a week from Kasetsombun, Farmers FFS 6,999 DoAE
suppression via FFS seeding 'til Chaiyaphum
harvesting
4 Follow up & monitoring monthly Kasetsombun, DoAE staff focus group 2,000 DoAE
Chaiyaphum interview
5 Evaluation workshop & after harvest Kasetsombun, DoAE staff participatory 4,500 DoAE
planning development Chaiyaphum + farmer workshop
leaders
19,699
Crop: Tropical fruits Area 1400
ha
Province: Samut Sakhon
SI Activities When Where Who(target How Budget (USD) responsible org.
person)
1 characterize area of Kasetpattana, Growers baseline 1,000 DoAE
interest Samut Sakhon survey
2 Farmer trainer via FFS monthly Kasetpattana, Farmers FFS 2,500 DoAE
Samut Sakhon

3 Demonsatration to farmer ontime Kasetpattana, Farmers FFS 3,733 DoAE


on FF suppression Samut Sakhon

4 Establish whole year( 52 Kasetpattana, Volunteer Steiner Trap 2,427


Trapping network weeks) Samut Sakhon Farmers(15
persons)
5 Follow up & monitoring monthly Kasetpattana, DoAE staff focus group 1,000 DoAE
Samut Sakhon interview
6 Evaluation workshop & after harvest Kasetpattana, DoAE staff participatory 4,500 DoAE
planning development Samut Sakhon + farmer workshop
leaders
15,160
Annex 4: Work Plan for FF IPM in Cambodia

No. Activities How Location When Budget


US$
1 Baseline survey on farmer’s - Survey using questionnaires, - Kandal - One week preparation 1500
knowledge and practices on observations - Kampong Cham - Two week in the field
- Cultivation - Farmers Groups discussions - Battambang - Two week analysis
- Current status of damages and - Analysis and report Late Sep-Oct. 2010
crop loss
- Pest control methods applied
2 Conduct adaptive research at farm - Conduct experiment for testing - Kandal - Two months from 3600
level protein bait and Cure lure - Kampong Cham Dec. 2010 to Feb 2011
- Technical back stopping from Experts - Battambang - May 2011 – Sep 2011
(BCRL)
3 Develop training module - Use backstopping from Experts on - In the office - Feb to March 2011 700
Fruit Fly from FAO & AIT
- Use existing training models from
other countries (FAO / AIT?)

4 Conduct mini-TOT for IPM trainers - Train IPM trainers on technical aspects - At provincial level - Two weeks in fourth 3000
of fruit fly management in one pilot area week of April 2011
- Develop FFS module.
- Use trainers from national (if
available) and international level (FAO,
AIT)
No. Activities How Location When Budget
5 Conduct 6 FFS on Fruit Fly - Educate on Melon fly management with - in pilot areas - Whole cropping - 4200
existing FFS group of IPM farmers or new season starting May-
groups August 2011, and Dec.
2011-March. 2012
6 Report back to Programme and - Regional workshop to share experiences In one target On Oct. 2011
future planning country
(Vietnam)
7 Evaluation of outcome of activities - Focus group interview - Target areas End of season (Sept / Oct - 1500
- Observation, 2011) or after season
- Measuring the crop lost on experimental (starting new production
sites season)
8 Post FFS activities - Continue activities on Fruit Fly management - In pilot areas After ending the first FFS - 1200
with farmers season

National IPM Programme of GDA

Provincial Department of Agriculture

Budget = UD$15,700
Annex 5: Work Plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR

Activity when where who How Estimated budget


1. Conduct baseline Nov-Dec 2010 Vientiane capital & NIPM and PPC staff -Using survey formats 1,750.00
surveys of Fruit Fly on province, -Sampling with traps
important fruit and
vegetable crops
2. Conduct participatory B. cucurbitae: Vientiane capital & NIPM ,PPC -Experiment design/layout 1,000.00
research on Fruit Fly Oct 2010-Dec province, staff and farmers -Select the target group of
management 2010) of farmers
Output: Best-bet Fruit Fly B. dorsalis
Management strategy Jan 2011-June
identified (1-2-3 ) 2011

4. Develop training Oct 2010-Dec NIPM office NIPM ,PPC -Collection of information on pest 1000,00
materials 2011 staff (Biology, ecology and management
techniques)and Diagnostics (pest
identification based on the
symptoms), local practices. Review
with experts.
5. Organize Training of Jan 2011 Vientiane capital or IPM trainers, PAFO -Interactive class room lectures and 3,500.00
Trainers (TOT) on Fruit Vientiane province and field exposure
Fly management DAFO staff in
2 provinces
Activity when where who How Estimated budget
(US$)
6. Conduct pilot FFS on Feb-April2011 Vientiane capital, Fruit and -Selection of farmers 3,000.00
Fruit Fly management of Vientiane prov vegetable -Transfer of knowledge from
selected fruit and farmers Master trainers to the
vegetable crops farmers
7. Follow-up field April- July Vientiane capital & NIPM team -Provide technical support 2,000.00
training\action research 2011 province, to trainers and farmers
activities to fine-tune best-
bet management strategies
8. Organization of farmer Aug 2011 Vientiane Prov. Trained farmers -Meeting 650.00
forum to present
results\promote area-wide
fruit fly management
9. Awareness raising Aug 2011- Vientiane capital & Extension staff -Develop posters and leaflet 1,250.00
through posters, leaflets onward province, farmers and trader on fruit fly mgt
-Distribution
10. Project evaluation Oct-Nov 2011 NIPM office DOA,PPC, -Impact Assessment 750.00
core IPM trainers and key -population monitoring
farmers -reduce level of infestation
-adoption of technology
-increase marketability of
produce
Total 15,000.00
Annex 6: Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar

Sl. Activities Where When who How Why

1 Baseline Data Collection Shan (South)State, September, Project staffs By setting up the traps of Species Identification, study
Once/two wks (off-season) Mandalay Division 2010 to August from PPD Methyl Eugenol (3-4 on Population Dynamic,
Once/wk (Season) Yangon Division 2011 traps/ac) Ecology of Fruit Fly, Study on
Biology (Season)
2 Developing of training Shan (South)State, September, Project staffs Collection of resources and To disseminate the
modules specific of fruit fly Mandalay Division 2010 to from PPD exploring of locally adapted appropriate knowledge of
biology, symptoms, Yangon Division October 2010 management practices Pest and Technology
recommended practices through collaboration
which are eco-friendly.
3 Dissemination of Shan (South)State, October- PPD Extension Training Farmer’s lack knowledge on
knowledge on fruit flies Mandalay Division December , Staffs & fruit flies and its
Yangon Division 2010 (Off farmers management
Season)
4 Distribution of the protein Shan (South)State, Dec. 2010 Mango Through farmers Myanmar To help the farmers adapt
baits to the growers Mandalay Division farmers mango group the technology as preventive
Distribution of the bags, Yangon Division measures at the early stage
traps and lures to the
growers

5 Data Collection- once/two Shan (South)State, September, Project By setting up the traps of - study on Population
wks (off-season)Once/wk Mandalay Division 2011 to August Participated Methyl Eugenol (3-4 Dynamic,
(Season) Yangon Division 2012 Staffs from traps/ac), Protein Baits (3-4 -determine the adaptability
PPD trap (minimum).By of the technologies
interviewing the growers
Annex 7: Log-frame (draft) of the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Time Line
Intervention Objectively verifiable Sources and means of Assumptions (esimated)
logic indicators of achievement verification
To enhance knowledge on fruit fly a.) Current status of the FF problem a.) Inception and Planning report; b.) Three- a.) Smallholder fruits and vegetable May 2010-June
ecology and management among in the region; b.) Availability of the monthly reports; c.) Six-monthly reports; d.) farmers along with implementation 2012
smallholder women and men locally adapted IPM pack age for FF Final report partners remain interested and fruit flies
IPM in 2 selected locations in Mek ong continue to occur as pest for fruits and
farmers to be able to grow healthy
countries; c.) GIS maps of the vegetables in the region; b.) Continued
and safe fruit and vegetable crops intensive Fruit fly and Melon fly areas support & understanding from the
by sustainably practicing integrated in each of 4 country and on a Mek ong donors and GHI on emerging situation
pest management with least basis; d.) 24 FFS and 720 farmers 1
emphasis on toxic synthetic (equitible participation of women
pesticides leading to food safety farmers in FFS) trained, additional
and food security, and improved 1500 exposed to FF IPM; e.) Govt. &
income in Asian countries with a Plant Protection officials exposed to
FF issues in all 4 countries; f.)
focus on Mekong river basin
Training curricula, extension
countries
Overall brochures and dedicated FF IPM
Objectives website established
Which indicators clearly show that the What are the sources of information that Which factors and conditions outside
objective of the action has been exist or can be collected? What are the the Beneficiary's responsibility are
achieved? methods required to get this information? necessary to achieve that objective?
Specific (external conditions) Which risk s
Objectives should be tak en into consideration?
1. To assess the current status of Inception and Planning work shop Inception and planning report Availability of in-depth quantitative and May-Oct. 2010
fruit fly occurrences, host-range, past quality information in implementing
management efforts; countries are crucial for compilation of
1 the information
2. To develop GIS assisted maps of the GIS maps showing vulnerable area As a part of the Inception & Planning Report Availability quantitative and detail May-Oct. 2010
fruit fly infected areas leading to (country wise and Mek ong wise) - its . Also available on planned website of the information on seasonality,
selection of project implementing sites, use in the site selection project occurrences, host-range and other
and compilation of basic crop needed information
2 management practices;
3. To adapt, integrate and finally Summary field study and Training of As a part of the six-monthly reports. Also will Occurrences of Fruit fly & melon fly; Nov. 2010 - April
assemble local fruit fly IPM strategies trainers reports; name & list of be available on the planned website for wider interest of the trainers and farmers for 2011 (Adpative
for countries in Mekong region based on trainers trained; curricula for the FF circulation and comments the program research & TOT)
pre-season, in-season and post-harvest IPM
techniques and capacity building of
3 IPM trainers;
4. To educate farmers using Farmer’s FFS reports As a part of the six-monthly reports. Also will Occurrences of Fruit fly & melon fly; June - Nov. 2011
Field School (FFS) on locally adapted be available on the planned website for wider interest of the trainers and farmers for (FFS) & Nov. 2011 -
fruit fly IPM ; circulation and comments the program April 2012 (seond
4 season FFS)
5. To develop extension materials and Extension materials (bilingual) Website and hard copies successful development of IPM March - June 2012
share project activities through a pack age & its implementation (consolidaiton of
website for better understanding and results,
awareness and support development of development of
Asian fruit fly Network. extension
5 brochures)
The results are the outputs envisaged What are the indicators to measure What are the sources of information for What external conditions must be met
to achieve the specific objective. What whether and to what extent the action these indicators? to obtain the expected results on
are the expected results? (enumerate achieves the expected results? schedule?
Expected Results them)
Status of the Fruit fly management in Inception and Planning work shop Inception and planning report Interest of the country collaborators &
Mek ong region availability of the quantitative
1 information from the past projects
GIS maps on occurrences of fruit flies Inception and planning work shop Inception and planning report Availability of in-depth quantitative and
as per crops, area, season for area where each country will use GIS maps quality information from secondary
selection for planning of project implementation sources on fruit flies
2 area
Action research conducted at selected Number of action research conducted As a part of the six-monthly reports. Also will Occurrences of Fruit fly & melon fly;
site and 100 IPM trainers trained in using innovative IPM strategies; be available on the planned website for wider interest of the trainers and farmers for
intensive TOT to learn the monitoring curricula for the FFS developed for circulation and comments the program
and implementation on fruit fly IPM each country for fruit fly and/or melon
3 strategies fly
Twenty four pilot FFS for training of 720 Number of FFS; crops; area covered; Six-monthly and final technical report. Occurrences of the fruit flies and
farmers in Mek ong countries trained on No. of farmers trained and exposed to Information will be updated on the website as interest of the trainers and farmers in
applying fruit fly IPM FFS; 1500 farmers FF IPM FFS; Behaviour changes of and when they area available from the field managing them
will be exposed through field days the farmers; cost-benefit analysis of
4 using FF IPM FFS
Five hundred copies of locally Availability of the bi-lingual extension On website and as a part of the final Achievement of successes in managing
appropriate and field tested extension brochures on the FF IPM in each four technical report FF in each countries and interest of
brochures on FF IPM will be developed countries local communities in having more
5 and distributed information
What are the k ey activities to be M eans: What are the means required What are the sources of information about What pre-conditions are required before
carried out and in what sequence in to implement these activities, e. g. action progress? Costs: What are the the action starts? What conditions
order to produce the expected results? personnel, equipment, training, action costs? How are they classified? What outside the Beneficiary's direct control
(group the activities by result) studies, supplies, operational are the action costs? (break down in the have to be met for the implementation
facilities, etc. Budget for the Action) of the planned activities?
Activities
Act. 1: Current status of the fruit fly in Personnel, operational facilities, Source of information: Three-monthly Interest of the country collaborators & May - Oct. 2010
collaborating countries and in Mek ong equipments, training, supplies updates, establishment of the Letter of availability of the quantitative
region, crops hosts, losses, seasonality Agreement (LOA) and Memorandum of information from the past projects;
and past management experiences and Understanding (MOU) Regional work shop : Government support to the project
Sp. Objective 1 future possibilities 37,000
Act.2. Project Planning work shop Personnel, operational facilities, Source of information: Project planning Interest of the country collaborators and May - Oct. 2010
equipments, training, supplies report that will be presented during inception Government support to the project
work shop; Project Planning: 26,000

Act.1. Identification of k ey fruit fly Personnel, operational facilities, GIS maps for each country for both melon Availability of the quantitative May-Oct.2010
endemic areas in collaborating countries equipments, training, supplies and fruit fly available on project website; GIS information pertaining to the crop,
Sp. Objective 2 mapping 25,000 season, occurrences etc. on fruit flies
Act.2.Site selection for the project Personnel, supplies Site selected and planned reported in Interest of the country collaborators and Oct. 2010
implementation Inception work shop; Site selection and Government support to the project
survey 2,000
Act.3. Current status of the crop Personnel, supplies Data collected and utilized for the planning Interest of the country collaborators and May-Oct.2010
management practices in relation to the purposes as reported in country paper that Government support to the project
fruit fly occurrences, seasonality, will be presented during inception work shop;
losses, farmers k nowledge etc baseline survey 4,000
Act. 1. Population monitoring and Personnel, supplies, equipments and Six-monthly reports; Trial development 9,000 Occurrences of the fruit flies and Nov. 2010
establishment of AESA methods for FF operational facilities interest of the farmers and trainers
Spl. Objective 3 IPM FFS
Act.2. Adaptive and basic research on Personnel, supplies, equipments and Six-monthly reports; Adaptive research 15,000 Occurrences of the fruit flies and Nov. 2010-April
establishing locally suitable IPM operational facilities interest of the farmers and trainers 2011
package
Act. 3. Training of trainers course Personnel, supplies, equipments and Three & six-monthly reports; training of Occurrences of fruit flies, availability of Nov. 2010-April
operational facilities trainers 21,000 the proven and working options for fruit 2011
fly IPM and interest of farmers and IPM
trainers
Act. 4. Possible research on FF IPM by Personnel, supplies, equipments and Six-monthly report and final report Interest of individual to undertake May 2010-June
national of Mekong country operational facilities research on fruit fly IPM 2012
Act.1. Twenty-four (24 ) FFS will be Personnel, supplies, equipments and Three & six-monthly reports; FFS 32,000 Occurrences of the fruit flies and June - Nov. 2011
conducted and total 24x30 = 720 operational facilities interest of the farmers and trainers (FFS) & Nov. 2011 -
farmers will be trained in FF IPM in April 2012 (seond
Spl. Objective 4 Mekong countries season FFS)
Act.2. Exposure to 1500 additional Personnel, supplies Three and six-monthly report; Field day interest of the other farmers from the Nov. 2010 - April
farmers through field-days 10,000 communities to learn about FF IPM 2012
Act.3. Thirty (30) personnel from plant Personnel, supplies Three and six-monthly report; Exposure visit Interest among plant protection Nov. 2010 - April
protection departments will be exposed 4,000 personnel on fruit fly IPM and/or 2012
to the project and leanings management issues
Act.1. Development of website on FF Personnel, equipment and supplies Website; website development, 10,000 May 2010-Nov.2010
Sp. Objective 5 IPM
Act.2. Conduction of local workshops in Personnel, equipments Three and six-monthly reports; 0 May 2010-June
conjunction with FFS & participation in 2012
regional, international workshop
Act.3. Production of extension Personnel, supplies Brochures; Brochures 6,700 Need to extend FF IPM among others in March - June 2012
brochures (500 copies) bi-lingual in each the society (consolidaiton of
4 country results,
development of
extension
brochures)
Act.4. Establishment of Asian Fruit Fly Personnel, supplies, website Website; Network, 7,500 The plant protection communities May 2010-June
IPM Network remained interested in fruit fly IPM 2012
issues