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Instructional Plan in English – Grade 7

Name of Teacher : LOUIELLE C. ENOPIA Grade /Year Level : Date:

Grade 7
Learning Area: ENGLISH-7 Quarter : 4th
Competencies EN7RC-IV-a-3.2: Classify text types (narrative, expository, explanation, recount, persuasive)

Lesson No. 1 Duration 1 hour


Key Identifying the text type of a passage helps the reader set the purpose for reading and alerts
Understandings the reader to the organization of the piece.
to be developed
Knowledge Identify the text type of an article being presented
Learning Skills Construct a narrative text type about a life’s experience that shows
Objectives succession of events
Attitudes Show appreciation of the importance of writing a narrative text type about
one’s experiences in life
Manila Paper, Marker,
Resources Grade 7 Curriculum Guide
Needed Communication for Progress II, pp. 46-47
Elements of the Methodology
Preparations Introductory
-How will I make Activity MAKE THEM GUESS!
the learners (Optional)
ready? (3 mins.) Introduce the lesson through a vocabulary Drill. Group the students into
- How I prepare four. Distribute paper strips containing the different text types.
the learners for Let the students decode the word by reading it backward. Each group is
the new lesson? given a minute to answer. The group who got the most numbered correct,
- How will I gets to win the game.
connect my new
lesson with the 1. EVITARRAN
past lesson? 2. YROTISOPXE
-How will I Activity READ & ANALYZE!
present the new (5 mins.)
lesson? Present to the Class in a mounted manila paper the sample of the different
- What materials text types. Give at least 5 minutes for the students to silently read and
will I use? analyze the given text types.
n/abstraction 1. What can you say about the given text?
arrives at? Analysis 2. Did you understand the message of the given text?
(10 mins.) 3. What is it all about?
4. How are the texts being written or being developed?

(Solicit varied answers from the students based on their

analyses on the text presented.)

Discuss the different text types and its function.

There are different methods that writers use to present their ideas in a
Abstraction paragraph. They can make use of storytelling (narrative). They can
(20 mins.) arrange the details by using factual evidences (expository), they can use
text types that can influence or persuade others (Persuasive), they can
retell events which have already happened in time order (Recount).

(See attachments for further information.)

1. Do you think our experiences teach us lessons in life?

“Nothing teaches us better than our own experiences”.


Based on the discussion on the different text types, you learned that
learning the different text types set us the purpose for reading and help
the readers to organize a written piece.
Practice To fully understand the different text type, the teacher will distribute
What exercises/ worksheets that contain the 5 different text types. The students will have
application Application to identify each text types and labeled them.
activities will I (12 mins.)
give to the (See attachments)
Assessment Assessment Matrix
(Refer to DepEd Levels of What will I assess? How will I assess? How will I score
Order No. Assessment
73,2012 for the
Knowledge (15%)

Process or Skills To find out if the Write a paragraph Rubrics:

(25%) students will be about an experience that
(10 mins.) able to construct a teaches them lessons in Content - 30%
simple narrative life through succession Organization - 20%
about an of events. Relevance - 25%
experience in life. Correct usage of - 25%
Performance (30%)

Reinforcing the
day’s lesson
Assignment Enriching the day’s .
Enhancing the
day’s lesson
Preparing for the Research on the story entitled “The Fisherwoman and the Fish” by
new lesson Dr. Jose P. Rizal.


Tangculogan HS Bais City Division

NOHS- Negros Oriental Division


Answer Key!
I. Introductory Activity: MAKE THEM GUESS!
1. Narrative
2. Expository
3. Recount
4. Explanation
5. Persuasive


Activity: (The teacher must prepare these text types in a mounted manila paper and exclude
the words in the boxes.

1. Narrative Text Type:

How Parańaque Got Its Name

Old Legends are like vintage wine. The passing of the years merely adds to their flavour.
Parańaque, the largest town of Rizal, has a beautiful legend about how the town was named.
When the Philippines was conquered by the Spaniards, some soldiers riding a horse-drawn
carriage asked to be taken to a certain place. However, the coachman did not understand the
Spanish soldier’s pronunciation. When they arrived, one of the soldiers said, “Para aqui, Para
aqui” meaning, “Stop here, stop here.” The coachman did not understand and kept going
whereas the soldier also repeated his instruction, “Para aqui, Para aqui”. The coachman left the
carriage and told the townspeople that, “These Spaniards are repeatedly saying para aniya
ake… para aniya ake” to which the townspeople just laughed. The incident circulated and was
repeated around for days and the term Para Aniya Ake stuck.

Expository Text type:

Olympic Games
The Olympic games began as athletic festivals to honor the Greek gods. The most
important festival was held in the valley of Olympia to honor Zeus, the king of the gods. It was
this festival that became the Olympic games in 776 B.C. These games were ended in A.D. 394 by
the Roman Emperor who ruled Greece. No Olympic games were held for more than 1,500
years. Then the modern Olympics began in 1896. Almost 300 male athletes competed in the
first modern Olympics In the games held in 1900, female athletes were allowed to compete.
The games have continued every four years since 1896 except during World War II, and they
will most likely continue for many years to come.


A Bomb in Plane

I am used to travelling by air but only on one occasion I felt frightened. After taking foo,
we flew low over the city. It slowly wen high to the sky.
But suddenly it turned round and flew back to the airport. An air-hostess told us to keep
calm and to get off the place quietly as soon as it landed. After we landed, the police searched
the plane carefully. Everybody on board was worried and we grew curious about what was
Later, we learned that there was a very important person on board. Earlier, somebody told
the police that there was a bomb on the plane. Fortunately, they did not find a bomb and five
hours later we were able to take off again.


Rain is the primary source of fresh water for most areas of the world, providing suitable
conditions for diverse ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop
The phenomenon of rain is actually a water circle. The concept of the water cycle
involves the sun heating the Earth's surface water and causing the surface water to evaporate.
The water vapor rises into the Earth's atmosphere. The water in the atmosphere cools and
condenses into liquid droplets. The droplets grow until they are heavy and fall to the earth as
precipitation which can be in the form of rain or snow.
However, not all rain reaches the surface. Some evaporates while falling through dry air.
This is called virga, a phenomenon which is often seen in hot, dry desert regions.


Traditional Navajo (Nav-ahoe) foods hat are still enjoyed today include mutton, corn,
and fry bread made from flour. This bread is similar to Mexican Tortilla. Fried bread is mostly
flat, but fluffy in places. This delicious bread can be eaten plain, stuffed with a filling, or dipped
in stews. Fry bread is easy to make. If you want to try this, all you need is flour, salt, baking
powder, powdered milk, and water. Follow a recipe and form the dough into little floured
patties. These are to be fried in a pan in about one inch of oil. When the dough puffs up, the fry
bread is ready to enjoy.



The Fox and The Crow
Aesop’s Fable
A Fox once saw a Crow fly off with a piece of cheese in its beak and settle on a branch of a tree.
"That's for me, as I am a Fox," said Master Reynard, and he walked up to the foot of the tree.
"Good day, Mistress Crow," he cried. "How well you are looking today: how glossy your
feathers; how bright your eye. I feel sure your voice must surpass that of other birds, just as
your figure does; let me hear but one song from you that I may greet you as the Queen of
The Crow lifted up her head and began to caw her best, but the moment she opened her
mouth the piece of cheese fell to the ground, only to be snapped up by Master Fox.
"That will do," said he. "That was all I wanted. In exchange for your cheese I will give you a
piece of advice for the future: "Do not trust flatterers."


The Olympic Symbol consists of five interlocking rings. The rings represent the five different
areas of the world – Africa, Asia, America (North and South), Australia, and Europe – from
which Olympic athletes come to compete in the games. The rings are colored blue, yellow,
black, green, and red. At least one of these colors is found in every country that has athletes
compete at the games.


A Day Visit to Yogyakarta

Last week, I went to Yogyakarta with my family. My father drove the car. My mother sat
beside him. My sister and I sat in the back seats.

We woke up early in the morning. My father prepared the car in the garage while mother
was preparing food for breakfast and some snacks for us. My sister and I packed some clothes.
After everything got ready and we had our breakfast, we left the house at six o'clock.

It was about nine A.M. We arrived at Yogyakarta. First of all we visited our uncle. We
stayed there for an hour. Then we went to Parangtritis beach. We got there at eleven o'clock.
There were a lot of tourists because it was holiday. I saw many foreign visitors too. My parents
watched us playing with sand in the beach. We did not swim and take a bath since the wave was
rough. After having lunch, we went on our picnic to the museum and Malioboro shopping centre.

We drove back to Semarang at 7 o'clock and arrived home at ten. We were tired but happy.


How Chocolate is Made

Have we wondered how we get chocolate from? Well this time we will enter the amazing world
of chocolate so we can understand exactly we are eating.

Chocolate starts a tree called cacao tree. This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in place
such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of a
small pine apple. In side the fruits are the tree's seeds. They are also known as coco beans.

Next, the beans are fermented for about a week, dried in the sun. After that they are shipped to
the chocolate maker. The chocolate maker starts by roasting the beans to bring out the flavour.
Different beans from different places have different qualities and flavour. So they are often
shorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix.

The next process is winnowing. The roasted beans are winnowed to remove the meat nib of the
cacao bean from its shell. Then the nibs are blended. The blended nibs are ground to make it a
liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It tastes bitter.

All seeds contain some amount of fat and cacao beans are not different. However, cacao beans
are half fat, which is why the ground nibs from liquid. It is pure bitter chocolate.

Why Students Should Eat Breakfast Every Day

A lot of people, especially young people, go though the day without having breakfast. Many
people believe that it is not necessary, or they say that they don’t have time for that, and begin
their day with no meal. I believe that everyone should eat breakfast before going to their
activities. The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of breakfast, especially for

The first reason why you should eat breakfast before going to school is for your health. When you
skip breakfast and go to school, you are looking for a disease because it’s not healthy to have an
empty stomach all day long. It’s very important to have a meal and not let your stomach work
empty. All you are going to get is gastritis and a lot of problems with your health if you don’t eat

Another reason for eating breakfast is because you need food for to do well in your classes. You
body and your brain are not going to function as good as they could because you have no energy
and no strength. When you try to learn something and have nothing in your stomach, you are
going to have a lot of trouble succeeding. A lot of people think that they should not eat because
they are going to feel tired, but that’s not true. Breakfast is not a very big meal, and on the
contrary, you’re going to feel tired if you don’t have breakfast because you have spent the entire
previous night without food.

The last reason to have breakfast every day is because you can avoid diseases if you eat some
breakfast in the morning. If you don’t eat, you are going to get sick, and these diseases will have a
stronger effect on you because you’re going to get sick easier than people who have breakfast
every day.

You have to realize that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and you cannot skip it
without consequences for your health, your school and your defense mechanism. It is better to
wake up earlier and have a good breakfast that run to school without eating anything. It is time for
you to do something for your health, and eating breakfast is the better way to start your day.


A text is a form of spoken, written or visual communication which is to convey meaning to an

audience. A text could be – factual, literary, visual, media and everyday texts. Texts include –
novels, poems, newspaper articles, films, reviews, jokes, cartoons, comic strips, advertisements,
emails, scripts, diaries, letters, paintings, posters, photographs, brochures and autobiographies.

The choice of words in a written text enables the writer to introduce certain attitudes and
feelings: for example, anger, informative, irony, genuine, sympathetic, critical or joyful. These
attitudes and feelings form the tone of the text. It is through the writer’s tone that the
emotional message of the text is communicated to the audience.

‘Genre’ is a French word that means kind or type. All literary texts can be categorised
into different genres – fantasy, crime, romance, horror and Sci-Fi.
There are traditionally four different types of discourse, namely argument, narration,
description, and exposition. Discourse is generally understood to encompass almost any type of
communication whether written or oral, and there are some cases in which entire papers or
speeches depend on just one style; most of the time, though, authors, writers, and speakers
use two or more methods at once. Different types are usually better suited for different
circumstances, and there are usually some pretty distinguishable features of each. The goals
tend to be different, as well. Most of the time writers and speakers will use the methods they
think will be most effective at getting their points across and reaching their intended audiences.

Writing is done for a number of different purposes and for different audiences. These
different forms of writing are often known as text types at school.

The five text types list four general reasons why authors write. Identifying the text type
of a passage helps the reader set the purpose for reading and alerts the reader to the
organization of the piece.

1. Narrative text type - Based on perception in time. Narration is the telling of a story;
the succession of events is given in chronological order.

The basic purpose of narrative is to entertain, to gain and hold a readers' interest.
However narratives can also be written to teach or inform, to change attitudes / social opinions
e.g. soap operas and television dramas that are used to raise topical issues.
The main goal of narrative writing or speaking is usually to tell a story, often in order to make
the audience feel differently about a certain topic. Narratives might take the form of a play,
novel, folk tale, memoir, or myth. Things usually unfold from a single person or character’s
perspective, and tend to be very descriptive. This type of communication usually appeals to an
audience’s humanity, often by drawing on common experiences or emotions that are easily
relatable or by depicting circumstances that pique the imagination.

Narratives sequence people/characters in time and place but differ from recounts in
that through the sequencing, the stories set up one or more problems, which must eventually
find a way to be resolved. The common structure or basic plan of narrative text is known as the
"story grammar". Although there are numerous variations of the story grammar, the typical
elements are:
Setting — when and where the story occurs.
Characters — the most important people or characters in the story.
Initiating event — an action or occurrence that establishes a problem and/or goal.
Conflict/goal — the focal point around which the whole story is organized.
Events — one or more attempts by the main character(s) to achieve the goal or solve the
Resolution — the outcome of the attempts to achieve the goal

Types of Narrative
There are many types of narrative. They can be imaginary, factual or a combination of
both. They may include fairy stories, mysteries, science fiction, romances, horror stories,
adventure stories, fables, myths and legends, historical narratives, ballads, slice of life, personal

Further more, when there is plan for writing narrative texts, the focus should be on the
following characteristics:
Plot: What is going to happen?
Setting: Where will the story take place? When will the story take place?
Characterization: Who are the main characters? What do they look like?
Structure: How will the story begin? What will be the problem? How is the problem going to be
Theme: What is the theme / message the writer is attempting to communicate?

The tool known as “exposition” is designed to inform the audience about a particular
topic. There are several different expository tools writers and speakers can use, including
definition, analysis, compare-and-contrast, problem-and-solution and cause-and-effect. There
are many strengths and weaknesses associated with each type of exposition, and each type has
a completely different purpose. For example, giving someone the definition of a word provides
one type of information, whereas comparing and contrasting two differing opinions often
paints a really different picture.

What is a recount?

A recount tells about something that happened in the past. The details in a recount can
include what happened, who was involved, where it took place, when it happened and why it

A writer or speaker uses a recount to tell us about a story or an event. Recounts are
usually given in the order that the event occurred. Recounts can be:
 factual, such as a news story
 procedural, such as telling someone how you built something
 personal, such as a family holiday or your opinion on a subject.

Examples of a recount

Recounts can be either written or spoken. Examples of recounts include:

 biographies and autobiographies
 newspapers or the television news
 letters and postcards
 textbooks
 conversations with friends

A well-structured recount includes details of the event or topic and personal opinions.
Written recounts often start with a heading or title. Letters and journal entries do not usually
have a title. Oral recounts might have a title if you are giving a presentation. If you are just
talking with friends a title is not usually needed.

The introductory paragraph, or orientation, of a written recount introduces the topic or

event. This paragraph introduces who, what, where, when, why and possibly how.
The following body paragraphs will recount the sequence of events. This is where the recount
is told in chronological order (the order that the events happened).

The conclusion, or re-orientation, is where the writer or speaker can give personal
opinions about the topic or event. The writer or speaker may also comment on how this event
or topic may affect other things in the future.
The purpose or the social function of Recount text is to retell or to inform the reader about
what was happened to the writer with series of events.

The generic structures of Recount Text:

1. Orientation : In orientation, the paragraph usually introduces the participants, who are
being involved in the text.
2. Events : Usually there are many events may be occurred in Recount text,
events may be started in the first paragraph, so it is not always started in the second
paragraph. The events usually started with time signals, such as; first, second, then,
finally, etc.
3. Reorientation : It is the closure of the events. Reorientation is optional, some text may
not include this. If there is, usually in the last paragraph.

The language features of Recount Text

Language features is a characteristic of a text, to make it is easily recognized, what tense is used,
and so on.

1. Introducing the participants

2. Using chronological conjunctions, such as; first, second, then, etc.
3. Using action verb, such as; went, arrived, ate, jumped, etc
4. The important one is, using simple present tense.

What is an explanation?

An explanation is used to describe how things work and why things happen. An
explanation tries to provide answers to questions that the reader (or listener) may have on a
certain subject. Explanations are used to teach people new information.

Explanations can:
 describe how things work: ‘how does a DVD player work?'
 describe why things happen: ‘why are there different seasons?'
 show how things are similar or different: ‘how do fresh water and salt water differ?
How are they similar?'
 try to solve a problem or situation: ‘what is the fastest way to clean my room?'.

Examples of explanations
 Explanations seek to answer questions about how things work in nature and in the
human world. Some examples of questions that might be answered in an
explanation include:
How does a camera work?

Structure of an explanation
An explanation can be written or spoken. When written, an explanation needs a title or
heading. This will tell the reader what the text is about.

The introductory paragraph introduces the topic with a general statement. This
paragraph explains what is covered in the text.
The body paragraphs will use facts to help answer the question stated in the
introduction. The body is also called the explanation sequence. This is the most important part
of an explanation and should be well organised and easy to understand.

The conclusion ends the explanation. This paragraph is often used to re-state the
problem and solution.

Explanations often have visual imagery. This can include photos, drawings, diagrams and
charts. Visual imagery often makes the text easier to understand.

A glossary of terms might also be part of an explanation. Glossaries are usually used for
scientific or technical explanations.

The bibliography is a list of resources, like books, magazines and websites, which were
used to help write the information report.

Preparing your own explanation

Before writing your own explanation it is important to establish the question (or problem) that
you want to answer. It is also important to research your subject to help you better understand
it. Make sure you organise your information so that your explanation is easy to understand.

When writing an explanation it is important to leave out your personal thoughts and opinions.
Explanations use facts to provide an answer to a problem or question. If there are a lot of
technical terms it might be a good idea to put them into a glossary.
Always check your text for correct spelling, grammar and punctuation

What is Persuasive Writing?

Persuasive writing is a type of non-fiction writing used to convince the reader to agree
with the author about an issue. The author will rely heavily on facts to express their opinion, and
use them in an argumentative type of writing style.

When using persuasive writing, the author should never express their personal opinions,
but instead should use facts to convince the reader to agree with them. In some cases the author
will present information to the reader about two sides to an argument. This is done to show the
reader that they have thought about both sides, and helps the writer shut down any
counterargument that the reader may have about the issue. This type of writing style is
commonly found in argumentative essays, articles, and scripts for commercials and political
campaigns, to name just a few.


Rubric for Written Report

Task Description: (Teacher may explain specific assignment in this space.

Exemplary Accomplished Developing Beginning

4 3 2 1
Criteria Yes Yes, but No, but No

Topic 10% Directly Somewhat Remotely related Totally unrelated

relevant relevant

Good Organized; Some Poorly

organization; points are organization; organized; no
points are somewhat points jump logical
logically jumpy; sense of around; progression;
Organization 10%
ordered; sharp beginning and beginning and beginning and
sense of ending ending are ending are
beginning and unclear vague
Supporting Some details Details are Unable to find
Quality of details specific are non- somewhat specific details
Information to subject supporting to sketchy. Do not
the subject support topic
Grammar, No errors Only one or two More than two Numerous
Usage, errors errors errors distract
Mechanics, from
Spelling understanding
Vocabulary is Vocabulary is Vocabulary is Basic
varied; varied; unimaginative; vocabulary;
10% supporting supporting details lack needs
details vivid details useful “color” descriptive
Typed; clean; Legible writing, Legible writing, Illegible writing;
neatly bound in well-formed some ill-formed loose pages
a report cover; characters; letters, print too
Neatness 10%
illustrations clean and neatly small or too
provided bound in a large; papers
report cover stapled together
Report on time Report one class Report two class Report more
Timeliness 10% period late periods late than one week