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NATIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE
PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS
Higher 2

CANDIDATE
NAME

SUBJECT REGISTRATION
CLASS NUMBER

PHYSICS 9646/01
Paper 1 Multiple Choice 20 September 2010
Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet 1 hour 15 minutes

READ THE INSTRUCTION FIRST

Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and index number on the Answer Sheet in the
spaces provided unless this has been done for you.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there
are four possible answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the
separate Answer Sheet.

Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong
answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

This document consists of 17 printed pages.
FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over

67 x 10-11 Nm2kg-2 acceleration of free fall. mp = 1. 693 λ = decay constant. V = 4πε 0 r alternating current/voltage.h. φ =− r displacement of particle in s. G = 6. x = x0 sin ωt v = v 0 cos ωt and v = ±ω x0 − x 2 2 velocity of particle in s. t1 2 FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . h = 6.66 x 10-27 kg rest mass of electron. NA = 6.63 x 10-34 Js unified atomic mass constant. s = ut + at 2 work done on/by a gas.81 ms-2 Formulae 1 2 uniformly accelerated motion.67 x 10-27 kg molar gas constant.h.11 x 10-31 kg rest mass of proton. R = R1 + R2 + … 1 1 1 resistors in parallel. u = 1.38 x 10-23 JK-1 gravitational constant. W = p∆V hydrostatic pressure p = ρgh Gm gravitational potential. R = 8..02 x 1023 mol-1 the Boltzmann constant..m. x = x0 sin ωt T = ex p(-2kd) Where k = 8π m(U − E ) 2 Transmission coefficient 2 h radioactive decay. 2 Data speed of light in free space. x = x0 exp (-λt) 0 . = + + . µ0 = 4π x 10-7 Hm-1 permittivity of free space. k = 1.00 x 108 ms-1 permeability of free space. resistors in series. c = 3.. e = 1.85 x 10-12 Fm-1 elementary charge.. R R1 R2 Q electric potential.31 JK-1mol-1 the Avogadro constant. g = 9. ε0 = 8.60 x 10-19 C the Planck constant.m. me = 9.

because the body moves faster on its downward flight and therefore the viscous force is greater. because at a given speed the net force when the body is moving downwards is smaller than the net force when it is moving upwards. a Y 0 V Z X t W At which points on the graph does the car have its greatest velocity and greatest displacement? Greatest Greatest velocity displacement A V W B X Y C Y Z D Z Z 4 A body is thrown vertically upwards in a medium in which the viscous drag cannot be neglected.0 x10-3 m3. If the times of flight for the upward motion tU and the downward motion td (to return to the same level) are compared. Given the data below. then A td > tU . B The surface area of a standard soccer ball is 0. D The volume of a pen is 4. The graph shows the variation with time t of its acceleration a during part of the journey.15 m2.015 ms-1 B 44.7 ± 0. 3 1 A stationary charged object is accelerated from rest through an electric field.0 N. B td = tU. FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . D td > tU.001 C Mass of the object = 200 ± 1 g Potential Difference across the electric field = 1000 ± 20 V A 44.7 ms-1 D 45 ± 1 ms-1 2 Which of the following estimations is correct? A The weight of a pair of school shoes is 2.721 ± 0. what is the final velocity of the object (with its uncertainty)? Charge on the object = 0.03 ms-1 C 44. 3 A car is travelling along a straight road from rest.200 ± 0. because the effect of the viscous force is the same whether the body is moving upwards or downwards C td < tU. C The current drawn by a laptop is 15 A.72 ± 0. because at a given speed the net force when the body is moving downwards is greater than the net force when it is moving upwards.

a helicopter is flying with a constant horizontal speed 35.0 ms-1 and 100 m above the ground and the tank is traveling with a constant horizontal speed 15. A 26.0 x 10-2 N C 2. the train accelerates forward at 4.0 s D 27. with the bob moved backward FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . A 4.0 gcm-3. with the bob moved forward D 63. helicopter 100 m tank 550 m Assuming at t= 0.0 x 10-3 N B 2. how many seconds later should the helicopter drop a bomb so that it will hit the tank? Ignore air resistance.4o.51 s B 10.4o. The density of water is 1.5 x 10-2 N D 7. Find the force exerted on the wall.6o. with the bob moved backward C 63. assuming that the water does not rebound.0 ms-1 and is 550 m away from the helicopter. 4 5 In the figure below. After some time later. the helicopter and the tank is at the above position.6o. with the bob moved forward B 26. A 5.0 cm.9 x 10-2 N 7 A bob hangs from the ceiling of a train when the train is moving at a constant velocity.91 ms-2. The mass of the bob is 200 g.2 s C 23. Determine the angle of inclination of the bob to the vertical.5 s 6 Water is ejected at a speed of 50 cms-1 on a wall from the nozzle of a hose with a diameter of 1.

Smith throws a ball to Jones at time t1 and receives it back at time t2. Assuming that the time of flight of the ball is negligible. 5 8 Smith and Jones are skating on ice (assumed frictionless) so that they are moving with equal speeds in the same straight line. which one of the sketches below gives the correct speed-time relationship for the two skaters? A B Speed Speed Smith Smith Jones Jones t1 t2 time t1 t2 time C Speed D Speed Smith Smith Jones Jones t1 t2 time t1 t2 time 9 A uniform rod of weight 10 N is freely hinged to a wall as shown below. Smith is skating backwards facing Jones. If a load of 18 N is suspended at the other end of the rod. The rod is supported at the other end by a cable perpendicular to the rod. what is the tension in the cable? cable 60o rod 18 N A 12 N B 16 N C 20 N D 28 N FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over .

D Ice has a lower density than water but nothing more can be said about their relative densities. C Sea water has a density 0. in fact only about 10% of the entire iceberg is actually above the sea-level.9 times that of sea water. 11 The graphs below were obtained from four different experiments. 6 10 One reason why the Titanic sank was because the captain ordered that the ship continued its course despite knowing that there were icebergs ahead. What can be said about the density of sea water as compared with ice? A Ice has a density which is about 0.1 times that of sea water.9 times that of ice. Which of the shaded areas does not have units of energy? Experiment Graph obtained A Power output of a lamp Power 0 time B Compressing a gas cylinder Pressure 0 volume C A ball thrown horizontally Force of air resistance 0 distance D Motion of a space craft away from the Earth Gravitational field 0 distance FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . B Ice has a density which is about 0. Unfortunately icebergs are much bigger than they appear.

5o C 60..38 ms-1. Figure 13. eventually coming to rest at the position shown in Figure 13. a cyclist and his bicycle of mass 80. This platform is then removed and the mass falls.0 kg can coast down a 5.2 Which of the following correctly relates the changes in potential energy and heat dissipation which may occur during the process? A Decrease of gravitational potential = increase of elastic potential energy energy + energy dissipated as heat B Decrease of gravitational potential = decrease of elastic potential energy + energy energy dissipated as heat C Decrease of gravitational potential = increase of elastic potential energy energy D Decrease of gravitational potential = increase of elastic potential energy energy + energy dissipated as heat 14 The earth has a radius of 6.5o θ D 70. attached to the end of an unstretched spring.e.5o B 30.5o Equator FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . then the additional force that the cyclist must apply in order to descend the hill at a steady speed of 5.55 ms-1 is A 107 N B 207 N C 307 N D 407 N 13 A mass m. If the air resistance.0o (with respect to the horizontal) hill at a steady speed of 1.1. the angle θ in the drawing) is the tangential speed one third that of a person living at the equator? A 20. 7 12 With the effect of air resistance. 2. At what latitude (i. Fair is proportional to the speed v so that Fair = cv (where c is a constant).1 Figure 13.38 x106 m. is initially supported by a platform as shown in Figure 13. and rotates on its axis once every 24 hours.

U F. Y B V. If the diameter of Planet X were twice the diameter of Earth. W. Z D X. It is placed in a circular orbit at a height h = 5R above the surface of the Earth (of radius R).U F.U F. Y or Z. is the body travelling and accelerating in the opposite direction? A U. V. 8 15 Which one of the following diagrams shows the variation of gravitational force F on a point mass and gravitational potential energy U of the mass at a distance r from another point mass? F. Z FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over .5 C 2 D 4 18 The diagram below shows a displacement-time graph of a body performing simple harmonic motion. X.U A B C D 16 An experimental satellite on Earth is found to have a weight W when assembled before launching from a rocket site. what is the ratio of the mean density of the planet to that of Earth? A 0. What is the gravitational force acting on the satellite whilst in orbit? A W B W C W D W 5 6 25 36 17 The acceleration due to free fall at the surface of Planet X was found to be equal to that at the surface of Earth. U.25 B 0. X C W. Displacement Y Z X Time U W V At which one of the points.

0 kW. how may we adjust the setup such that the sensor detects a non-zero intensity? Polaroid A Polaroid B Laser Light sensor A Place another Polaroid between the laser and Polaroid A. B Place another Polaroid between Polaroid A and Polaroid B. D The presence of damping gradually reduces the maximum kinetic energy of the system. C Place another Polaroid between Polaroid B and the light sensor. C The presence of damping gradually reduces the maximum potential energy of the system. At which point on the graph is the gas hottest? 22 The figure below shows a setup where a laser beam is directed towards two polaroids. D There is no possible method. 20 A water tank of heat capacity 5000 J K-1 contains 10 kg of water at 25 oC. What is the time taken to raise the temperature of the water to 45 °C using a heater coil of power of 3. FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . 9 19 Which of the statements is not true for a body vibrating in oscillations when damping is present? A The damping force is in the opposite direction to the velocity. Without changing the orientation of either Polaroid A or Polaroid B. B The damping force is in the opposite direction to the acceleration. given that the specific heat capacity of 4200 J kg-1 K-1 ? A 61 s B 280 s C 310 s D 610 s 21 A fixed mass of ideal gas undergoes a cycle of changes as shown in the figure. The polaroids are adjusted such that zero intensity is detected by the light sensor.

as shown below? Light source Single slit Double slit Screen A Conduct the double slit experiment in water. D its wave speed has increased by 3 times. D Increasing the slit width of the double slits. C Keep the distance between the single slit and the screen constant. 10 23 A vibrating string fixed at two ends has a fundamental frequency of 250 Hz. A it has 4 nodes. with a distance r from the charge? A B Field Field strength strength 0 1/r 0 r2 C D Potential Potential 0 0 1/r r FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . When the same string is vibrating in 750 Hz. B Use light of the same intensity but of different frequency. C it is vibrating in the second mode. 25 Which graph correctly relates the electric field strength or electric potential in the field of a positive point charge. 24 Which of the following methods would result in no change in fringe separation in a double slit experiment. but move the double slit closer to the single slit. B its wavelength is 3 times the original wavelength.

the particle will reach plate X with kinetic energy equals qV. Which of the following statements is false? Plate X + Negatively charged V particle - Plate Y A When V is halved.5 qV. 11 26 Two large parallel metal plates X and Y are situated in a vacuum as shown. while wire R3 has resistivity 0.83 C 1.75 B 0. All three wires have the same cross-sectional area A.5 g. Wire R1 has resistivity ρ and length l.0 A A A A FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . the particle will accelerate upwards with an acceleration of g.3 D 4.5ρ and length 2l What is the resistance between X and Y? ρl ρl ρl ρl A 0. B When V is halved. the particle will reach plate X with kinetic energy equals 0. A negatively charged particle with charge –q is suspended stationary midway between the 2 plates. D When V is doubled. 27 The figure below shows a network of three resistance wires marked R1. The potential difference between plate X and Y is V. C When V is doubled. Wire R2 has resistivity 2ρ and length 2 l. R2 and R3. the particle will accelerate downwards with an acceleration of 0.

as the resistance R2 increases. as resistance R1 increases. changes in the internal resistance of E2 will produce no change in the balanced length l. E.c. as shown below. supply. If bulb 1 blows as shown below. B When switch K is open. the balanced length l. the balanced length l increases. remains unchanged. the balanced length l decreases. FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . as the resistance R2 increases. D Whether switch K is open or closed. what happens to the brightness of the remaining bulbs? E R 2R 2R Bulb 1 Bulb 2 R 2R Bulb 5 Bulb 3 Bulb 4 Bulb 2 Bulb 3 Bulb 4 Bulb 5 A Decreases Increases Decreases Decreases B Increases Decreases Increases Decreases C Decreases Decreases Decreases Decreases D Decreases Increases Decreases Increases 29 Which of the following statements is false about the circuit shown? G A When switch K is closed. 12 28 Five light bulbs with difference resistances as indicated in terms of R in the diagram below are connected to a constant voltage d. C When switch K is open.

Which of the following statements about the wire at E is correct? A d B E d D C A It does not experience any force.50 T acting at right angles to its horizontal velocity v. Wire A. B It experiences a force in the direction of A C It experiences a force in the direction of B. Calculate the speed of the electron v. as shown in the figure below. Wire at B and E (at centre of wire) carry a steady current 2I. 13 30 An electron enters a region where there are uniform electric field and magnetic field of 0. the electron immediately moved a vertical displacement of 0.15 mm in 1. The electron remained undeflected when it enters the region.4 x 103 ms-1 C 150 x 103 ms-1 D None of the above answer 31 Five straight and parallel wires are arranged as shown in the diagram below. C and D carry a steady current I. When the magnetic field is switched off. FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over .0 ns.85 x 103 ms-1 B 3. + v _ A 0. D It experiences a force in the direction of D.

Q and R are released simultaneously from the same distance above each tube.5 mm and at 100 Hz. The magnets are observed to emerge from the bottom of the tubes at different times.7 x 10-8 Ωm Resistivity of lead = 22 x 10-8 Ωm Resistivity of rubber = 50 x 1013 Ωm Emerges first Emerges second Emerges last A P Q R B R P Q C R Q P D P R Q FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over .50 m. Which line. made from copper. in the table shows the correct order in which they will emerge? Resistivity of copper = 1. lead and rubber respectively have identical dimensions. Identical. strong cylindrical magnets P. A to D. The same piece of wire is then strummed such that it vibrates with an amplitude of 1. Force/mN Current/A The circuit is switched off.88 x 10-3 V C 1.88 V 33 Three vertical tubes.18 V D 1. forming part of a complete circuit. is positioned at right angles to a uniform magnetic field. Calculate the maximum emf induced across the wire.00 x 10-4 V B 1. The graph shows how the force acting on the wire due to the magnetic field varies as the current in the wire is increased. A 3. 14 32 A wire of length 0.

electrons are excited. Which of the following statements is true about the x-ray spectrum? A The continous background radiation is formed as incoming electrons lose different amount of kinetic energy thus the wavelength of X-ray photons emitted span across a continous spectrum. B Electron will be excited as long as the photon’s energy is of the same value as any of the energy state of the atom. A photon of wavelength λ2 is emitted as a result of this de-excitation.00 A 35 The diagram below shows a typical X-ray spectrum produced by a X-ray tube.50 A B 2.65 A C 2. C Presence of λ1 is due to electrons losing some of its kinetic energy to be radiated out as a single X-ray photon when it collide with the metal surface. The vacancy in the outer shell is filled by an electron in the inner shell.82 A D 3. 15 34 The figure below shows the variation with time of a periodic current. D Excitation of electrons will only take place when two hydrogen atoms collide elastically. I/A 4 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 time / ms −2 What is the root mean square value of the current? A 2. FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . C When visible white light is shone onto an insulator. D The peak at λ2 in the figure above is known as K β . 36 Which of the following statements is true about excitation of electron in an atom? A An electron will be excited as long as the incoming free electron kinetic energy is greater than the energy difference between the initial and any other energy states of the atom. B A high speed electron collides and knocks off an electron in an outer shell of the atom.

15 x 10-3 D 4. Which of the following statements is true of a photodiode detector? A Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the depletion region and the electrons will drift to the n-side and the holes will drift to the p-side. In the absence of the source. A 17 s−1 B 27 s−1 C 68 s−1 D 78 s−1 FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . What average count-rate is expected 40 minutes later. What is the transmission coefficient T for this electron? A 3.63 x 10-3 38 A photodiode is a doped semiconductor to detect light.0 eV is approaching a barrier whose height is 7.63 x 10-4 C 2. 39 When a detector is pointed towards a radioactive sample that is 80.0 eV and whose thickness is 0. with the detector still pointed towards the sample but now located 40.0 cm away? Regard the sample to be a point source of radiation. the average count-rate is 10 s−1. it gives an average count-rate of 78 s−1.0 cm away and has a half-life of 20 minutes. B Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the depletion region and the electrons will drift to the p-side and the holes will drift to the n-side.60 nm. 16 37 An electron whose total energy E is 6. C Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the entire p-n semiconductor and the electrons will diffuse along the p-side and the holes will diffuse along to the n-side.13 x 10-4 B 5. D Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the entire p-n semiconductor and the electrons will diffuse along the n-side and the holes will diffuse along to the p-side.

y y x x Graph 1 Graph 2 y y x x Graph 3 Graph 4 Number of daughter nuclei vs time Rate of alpha emissions vs number of parent nuclei present A Graph 2 Graph 3 B Graph 2 Graph 1 C Graph 4 Graph 3 D Graph 4 Graph 1 End of Paper FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY 9646/01/2010 [Turn Over . The process is observed in an experiment. 17 40 The nucleus of an unstable element decays by α-particle emission into a stable daughter.