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# School LCNHS- MAYAO CROSSING Grade Level 10

DETAILED EXTENSION
LESSON PLAN Teacher Learning Area Mathematics
Quarter THIRD

I. OBJECTIVES
A. Content Standards The learner demonstrates understanding of key concepts of combinatorics and probability.
B. Performance The learner is able to use precise counting technique and probability in formulating
Standards conclusions and making decisions
C. Learning The learner solves problems involving probability. M10SP-IIIi-j-1
Competencies
II. CONTENT Probability ( Dependent and Independent Events )
III. LEARNING
RESOURCES
A. References
1. Session Guide pages TG in Math10, p.249-250
2. Module/Learner’s Math10-LM 341-345
Materials pages
3. Textbooks
from LR portal
B. Other Learning
Resources
IV. PROCEDURE
A. Reviewing of Previous Recall mutually exclusive and not mutually exclusive events
Lesson/s or Presenting the
New Lesson

## B. Establishing a Purpose Groupwork

for the Lesson A fair coin is tossed in the air .
1. What are the possible outcomes? ( Head and tail)
2. How many of each outcome can occur? ( 1 Head and 1 tail)
3.What is the probability of throwing a head on 1 toss? 1/2
A fair is rolled
1. What are the possible outcomes ? (1,2,3,4,5,6)
2. How many of each outcome can occur? One each
3. What is the probability of throwing one specific number? ( is the probability of throwing
a 1 different from throwing a 6?) (1/6)
Does the outcome from one toss or roll change the outcome of any other toss or roll?
Why or Why not? ( the coin has not changed so the outcome from the previous event will
not affect future events )
There is a bag of 100 Jellybeans :25 red , 25 yellow , 25 orange and 25 black. If you
remove one jellybean
1. What could be the possible colors? ( red, yellow , orange and black)
2. How many different jellybeans could be chosen? ( 100)
3. How many of each color jellybean can be chosen? How many different red? Yellow?
Remove a second jellybean ( do not replace the first one) (25 each color )
1. What could be the possible colors? ( red, yellow , orange and black)
2. How many different jellybeans could be chosen? 99
3. How many of each color jellybean can be chosen? 25 of each color but only 24 of the
color chosen first
Does each jellybean have the same chance of being chosen after the first jellybean is
remove? ( No, since there are only 24 of that color in the bag and only 99 total)
What has changed? The number of jellybeans in the bag
Is it more or less probable that the second jellybean chosen will be the same color as the
first one? (Does the probability of choosing a particular color change as each jellybean
is removed?) it is less probable that the second jellybean will be the same as the first one
because as the jellybean is removed the probability changes with them
C. Presenting Let the students differentiate dependent and independent events
Examples/Instances of the
New Lesson Two events are independent if the occurrence of one of the events gives us no
information about whether or not the other event will occur; that is, the events have no
influence on each other.
If two events, A and B, are independent, then the probability of both events occurring is the
product of the probability of A and the probability of B. In symbols,
P(A and B) = P(A) • P(B)

When the outcome of one event affects the outcome of another event, they are dependent
events. In situation 2, if the ball was not placed back in the box, then drawing the two balls
would have been dependent events. In this case, the event of drawing a yellow ball on the
second draw is dependent on the event of drawing a yellow ball on the first draw
If two events, A and B, are dependent, then the probability of both events occurring is the
product of the probability of A and the probability of B after A occurs. In symbols, P(A and B)
= P(A) • P(B following A)
D. Discussing New Consider the situation below and answer the questions that follow.
Concepts and Practicing 1. A bag contains 6 black marbles, 9 blue marbles, 4 yellow marbles, and 2 green marbles.
New Skills (sub-activity no. A marble is randomly selected, replaced, and a second marble is randomly selected. Find
1) the probability of selecting a black marble, then a yellow marble.
2. A box of chocolates contains 10 milk chocolates, 8 dark chocolates, and 6 white
chocolates. Hanissa randomly chooses a chocolate, eats it, and then randomly chooses
another chocolate. What is the probability that Hanissa chose a milk chocolate, and then, a
white chocolate?
3. A rental agency has 12 white cars, 8 gray cars, 6 red cars, and 3 green cars for rent. Mr.
Escobar rents a car, returns it because the radio is broken, and gets another car. What is
the probability that Mr. Escobar is given a green car and then a gray car?
E. Discussing New Determine whether the events are independent or dependent. Then, find the probability.
Concepts and Practicing 1. A toy box contains 12 toys, 8 stuffed animals, and 3 board games. Maria randomly
New Skills (sub-activity no. chooses 2 toys for the child she is babysitting to play with. What is the probability that she
2) chose 2 stuffed animals as the first two choices?
2. A basket contains 6 apples, 5 bananas, 4 oranges, and 5 guavas. Dominic randomly
chooses one piece of fruit, eats it, and chooses another piece of fruit. What is the probability
that he chose a banana and then an apple?
3. Nick has 4 black pens, 3 blue pens, and 2 red pens in his school bag. Nick randomly
picks two pens out of his school bag. What is the probability that Nick chose two blue pens,
if he replaced the first pen back in his pocket before choosing a second pen?
F.Developing Mastery Solve the following problems
Determine whether the scenario involves independent or dependent events.
1) You flip a coin and then roll a fair six-sided die. The coin lands heads-up and the die
shows a one.
2) A bag contains eight red marbles and four blue marbles. You randomly pick a marble
and then pick a second marble without returning the marbles to the bag. The first
marble is red and the second marble is blue.
3) A box of chocolates contains five milk chocolates, five dark chocolates, and five white
chocolates. You randomly select and eat three chocolates. The first piece is milk chocolate,
the second is dark chocolate, and the third is white chocolate.
4) A cooler contains ten bottles of sports drink: four lemon-lime flavored, three orange
flavored, and three fruit-punch flavored. Three times, you randomly grab a bottle, return the
bottle to the cooler, and then mix up the bottles. The first time, you get a lemon-lime drink.
The second and third times, you get fruit-punch.
Find the probability.
5) You flip a coin and then roll a fair six-sided die. The coin lands heads-up and the die
shows an even number.
6) You roll a fair six-sided die twice. The first roll shows a five and the second roll
shows a six.
7) There are eight shirts in your closet, four blue and four green. You randomly select one to
wear on Monday and then a different one on Tuesday. You wear blue shirts both days.
8) A basket contains five apples and seven peaches. You randomly select one piece
of fruit and eat it. Then you randomly select another piece of fruit. The first piece of fruit is
an apple and the second piece is a peach.
Determine if events A and B are independent.
1 2 2
9) P(A) = 5 P(B) =  5 P(A and B) =  25

2 1 1
10) P(A) = 5 P(B) =  4 P(A and B) =  25

G. Finding Practical Let the students make a generalization about independent and dependent events.
Applications of Concepts 1.Describe a situation in your life that involves dependent and independent
and Skills in Daily Living events. Explain why the events are dependent or independent.
2. Formulate your own problems involving independent and dependent
events.
H. Making Generalizations Let the students form a generalization about independent and dependent events.
1. What makes two events independent?
2. Differentiate a dependent event from an independent event.
I. Evaluating Learning Consider the situation below and answer the questions that follow.
1. A bag of jelly beans contains 10 red, 6 green, 7 yellow, and 5 orange jelly beans. What is
the probability of randomly choosing a red jelly bean, replacing it, randomly choosing
another red jelly bean, replacing it, and then randomly choosing an orange jelly bean?
2. Rene and Cris went to a grocery store to buy drinks. They chose from 10 different brands
of juice drinks, 6 different brands of carbonated drinks, and 3 different brands of mineral
water. What is the probability that Rene and Cris both chose juice drinks, if Rene randomly
chose first and liked the first brand he picked up?
Application or Remediation
V. REMARKS
VI. REFLECTION
A. No. of learners who ______ no. of learners who got 80% and above
earned 80% in the
evaluation
B. No. of learners who ______ no. of learners who requi re additional activities for remediation
for remediation
C. Did the remedial lessons Yes ____ No ________
_________no. of learners who caught up with the lesson.
work? No. of learners who
have caught up with the
lesson
D. No. of learners who _____ of leaners who continue to require remediation.
continue to require
remediation
E. Which of my teaching Strategies used that worked well:
strategies work well? Why ____ Games _____ Think -Pair-Share (TPS)
did these work? ____ Solving Puzzle / Jigsaw _____ Carousel
____ Answering preliminary activities / exercises _____ Rereading of paragraphs/ poems and short stories
____ Differentiated Instruction _____ Role Playing/ Drama
____ Discovery Method _____ Lecture Method

Why ?
_____ Complete IM’s
_____ Availability of Materials
_____ Learner’s eagerness to learn
_____ Group member’s cooperation in doing their task
F.What difficulties did I ____ Bullying among learners Planned Innovation
encounter which my ____ Learner’s behavior and attitude ____ Localized Videos
____ Unavailable technology and equipment ( AVR/ LCD) ____ Making Big Books from views of the locality
principal or supervisor can
____ Science / Computer _____Recycling plastics to be used as Instructional materials
help me solve? ____ Internet Lab ____ Local Poetical Composition
G. What innovation or The lesson was successfully delivered due to:
localized materials did I _____ Complete IM’s
_____ Uncomplicated lesson worksheets
use/discover which I wish _____ Learner’s eagerness to learn
to share with other Strategies used that worked well:
teachers? ____ Group Collaboration _____ Dyads
____ Games _____ Think -Pair-Share (TPS)
____ Solving Puzzle / Jigsaw _____ Carousel
____ Answering preliminary activities / exercises _____ Rereading of paragraphs/ poems and short stories
____ Differentiated Instruction _____ Role Playing/ Drama
____ Discovery Method _____ Lecture Method
Why ?
_____ Complete IM’s
_____ Availability of Materials
_____ Learner’s eagerness to learn
___ Group member’s cooperation in doing their task
Prepared by: Inspected by: