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kV2 Multifunction, Bi-

Bi-directional
V t Electricity
Vector El t i it MMeter
t Overview
O i

kV2 Overview Revised 10-27-00 Page 1


What’s New
• Extended Recording Capability
– 4 Channels (64K) or 20 Channels (192K)
– Soft Switch controlled - no option board required
• Extended Soft Switch Controls
– 15 Upgradeable Features using Soft Switches
– Upgrade and Downgrade meters - switches are transferable
• Bi-directional Metering
– Basic meter provides delivered and received kWh / kW
– Add K switch to get lagging and leading kvarh / kvar
• By-Quadrant
yQ Meteringg
– Add B switch to get metering data by individual quadrant
• Coincident Demand / PF Values
– Up to 5 Demand values with two coincident values each

kV2 Overview Page 2


What’s New (continued)
• Totalizing
– Up to 5 meters -- kV2 plus 4 external inputs
– Accumulate, record profile data, and display totalized values
• Transformer (& Line) Loss Compensation
• IT Accuracy Correction
• Extended Event Log Capabilities
– Up to 500 events
– Greater control over which events are logged
• Extended Power Quality Monitoring Features
– Fast Voltage
g Event Monitor and Log g ((up
p to 200 events))
– Harmonic Analysis
– THD, TDD, DPF, and Distortion kVAh measures
– Per Phase V (L-L
(L L & L-N)
L N) & I: Filtered or with Harmonics
– Frequency
kV2 Overview Page 3
What’s New (continued)
• Extended I/O Board Functions
– Multiple
p I/O board p provides 2 FM C & 6 FM A outputs,
p ,4
external pulse inputs, and one RTP input
• Revenue Guard Plus
– Allows 3 element meters to automatically revert to 2 1/2
element operation upon loss of any (one) voltage input
• Alphanumeric Display
– Allows use of user defined display labels
– New Disk Analog pattern: better for field testing
• Improved Over-voltage Withstand Capability
• Faster Communications
– Up to 57.6K baud rate using high speed Smartcoupler™
– Larger
g ppacket size = faster data transfers
• Improved Diagnostic Operation
– More user control over thresholds (magnitude and duration)
kV2 Overview Page 4
Overview

• Wide voltage range operation


– 120 ~ 480 Volts nominally
nominally, +10/-20%
10/ 20%
• Capable of metering 600/347 Volt 4-wire wye services
NOT 600 V delta!
– 57 ~ 120 Volt version also available
• Class 20, 200, 320 available in S-base
• Class 20, 150 available in A-base
• Class 20 Switchboard
– 120 ~ 480, or 57~120 Volt versions available
– Not applicable
pp to 600/347 V 4-wire wye
y services

kV2 Overview Page 5


Overview (cont.)

• Form Consolidation
– 1S,
1S 2S
2S, 3S
3S, 4S
4S, 9S
9S, 12S
12S, 16S
16S, 36S
36S, 45S
45S, 56S
– 10A, 13A, 16A, 36A, 45A, 48A
– Switchboard (3Z, 9Z, 36Z, and 45Z)
• Fitzall versions allow further inventory reduction
TM

– 9S, 16S for all TR & SC socket based applications


– 10A or 48A, 16A for bottom connected applications
pp
– 9S Class 200 now available
• Possible to meter all standard services with one meter!

kV2 Overview Page 6


Overview (cont.)

• NEW! Expanded choice of measurements


– Choose up to 20 of 272 possible measures
– Phasor, Apparent, Arithmetic Apparent
– IEEE defined kvar(h) or “Fuzzy kvar(h)”
– User defined Power Factor calculations
– V2h, I2h….and much more!
• NEW! Expanded upgradeability
– Many new soft switches for expanded functionality
– Add option boards for:
• Pulse Initiator, Remote Comm., 3-phase
3 phase power supply
• Industry Standard Reading & Programming
– ANSI C12.18 (PSEM) & C12.19 (Std. Tables)
– ANSI C12.21
C12 21 for modem communications

kV2 Overview Page 7


Overview (cont.)

• Simple to use
– No K or Kh to program
• Each meter “knows” to display energy measured by
the meter
• MeterMate can program meter without changing the
Kt value set at the factory.
– Specify PI value directly in Wh/pulse
– Works even in unprogrammed mode (using a default
program)
– Automatic Site Diagnostic features

kV2 Overview Page 8


Overview (cont.)

• Clear, one-piece unbreakable cover


• Single action reset lever
– Performs demand resets only
• Test Mode switch under cover
– Remove
R cover or work
k th
through
hMMeterMate
t M t DOS
– No external mechanical access
• Magnetically activated display switch
– Access to Alternate Display & Site Genie
• Non-volatile memory for all data
– Battery maintains time keeping during outage only
– “Industry standard” battery with lower current load

kV2 Overview Page 9


Display Modes

• Normal
• Alternate
• Site Genie
• Test
• Errors and Cautions

kV2 Overview Page 10


Display Features

• NEW! Alphanumeric display with programmable display labels


• NEW! Up p to 75 display
p y items total
• Display sequence programmable for normal, alternate, & test
modes
• Most items available in any display mode
• Programmable display scroll time, 3~15 seconds
• Display switch activated by magnet
– Momentary:
M t Returns
R t to
t start
t t off Normal
N l scrollll (also
( l restarts
t t a
frozen CA or Er display)
– 3 Seconds: Activates Alternate scroll
– 6 Seconds: Activates Site Genie scroll

kV2 Overview Page 11


Display
p y

• NEW! Disk Analog Scroll


– 4 Boxes represent a percentage of the disk analog position
– Boxes represent 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% of Kt value
– At 100% all boxes turn off
• Arrows show energy flow direction and quadrant
• Separate indicator for each phase voltage - blinks when low, not
shown if phase voltage not intended to be present
• g demand or energy
Three to six digit gy display
p y with zero to four places
p
after the decimal point
• TOU Rate indicator
kV2 Overview Page 12
Site Genie Display

• Provides Site Diagnostic Display Scroll


– Service type
yp
• 2-1PH, 3-1PH, 5-2PH, 3-n, 3-d, 4-d, 4-y, InPROg, or SEr_Er
– Per Phase Voltage, Current, and Phase Angles
– Power Factor
– Distortion Power Factor (dPF) : D/U
• “Snapshot” at start of display scroll
• Examples:
0.05 represents 5% Distortion Power (not bad!)
0.40 represents
p 40% Distortion Power ((not g
good!))
– Diagnostic Counter values, d1 ~ d8
• Reverts back to Normal display scroll when completed.

kV2 Overview Page 13


Test Mode

• NEW! Displayed quantity updated every 1 second.


• Allows meter testing without disturbing billing or load profile
data.
• Initiate by pressing Test Button for 1 second or via MM DOS
command
• Demand Reset while in Test Mode resets all test data only.
• “Single
g step”
p display
p y via display
p y switch.
• Exit by pressing Test Button, MM DOS command, or by “test
mode time-out” timer (1 min. ~ 99 hours).

kV2 Overview Page 14


Test Mode Displayable Items

• Most items available in Normal & Alternate modes.


• Exclusive Test mode display items are:
– Test mode data accumulations (1~20)
– Test
T t mode
d max.demands
d d (1
(1~5)
5)
– Test mode accumulating demands (1~5)
– Time remaining in test demand interval (block demand)
– Time remaining in test subinterval (rolling demand)
– Test mode Power Factor

kV2 Overview Page 15


Meter Cautions

• Display may be Freezing or Non-Freezing


• Individually
y control “enable” & “display”
p y p parameters ((except
p
CA 000010)
– Loss of Program CA 000040 *
– Unprogrammed CA 000010 *
– Low Battery CA 000001 *
– Potential Low CA 000400 *
– Received
R i d kWh CA 400000
– Leading kvarh CA 040000
– Demand Overload CA 004000 (kW, kvar, kVA, kQ)
* Message clears when condition clears and is retested
• Others require demand reset before clearing
• Optional call in to report the caution for most conditions
• Last four cautions (above) optionally logged in Event Log

kV2 Overview Page 16


Meter Errors

• Always displayed, may be Freezing or Non-Freezing.


– Battery & AC Power Fail (Time Loss) Er 000002
– System Errors (Microprocessor) Er 000020
– RAM Error Er 000100
– EEPROM Error
E E 000200
Er
– ROM Error Er 001000
– Voltage Reference Error Er 100000
– DAP Error Er 200000
• Message clears when condition clears
• Optional call in to report condition

kV2 Overview Page 17


Automatic Service Determination
• By default, service type (4-wire wye, 3-wire delta, etc.) is
determined automatically upon energizing the meter
• The phase angle and magnitude relationships of Phase A
and C voltage phasors are used to make determination
• O
Only
y service types
yp normally y associated with that meter
form number are used for comparison
• Relationship tested every 5 seconds for up to one minute
• Three consecutive valid matches sets up the service type
• Service type is tested again 10 minutes after power up
• Service type may be optionally tested
– Every
E d
day ((midnight
id i ht ffor TOU
TOU, 24 h
hrs. ffor D
Demand
dOOnly)
l )
– After a demand reset
• Diagnostics are active only when a valid service type exists
• Service type may be manually set using MMDOS
– Useful for Fitzall applications
kV2 Overview Page 18
Diagnostics
g
• Diagnostic 1 - Polarity, Cross Phase, Reverse Energy Flow
• Diagnostic 2 - Voltage Imbalance
• Diagnostic 3 - Inactive Phase Current
• Diagnostic 4 - Phase Angle Alert
• Diagnostic 5 A
A, BB, C
C, T - High Distortion
• Diagnostic 6 - Under Voltage, Phase A
• Diagnostic 7 - Over Voltage, Phase A
• Diagnostic 8 - High Neutral Current

• Duration before diagnostic


g alert is set -- now p
programmable
g
– Diagnostics 1~5 & 8: 15 seconds to 30 minutes, 5 sec. increments
– Diagnostics 6 & 7: 3 seconds to 30 minutes, 1 sec. increments

kV2 Overview Page 19


Diagnostic
g 1
• Polarity, Cross Phase, Reverse Energy Flow
– Tests the phase angle relationship of the current and voltage
phasors for each element.
– Voltages must be within +/- 10° of expected phase angle
– Currents must be within +/- 120
120° of expected phase angle at
unity PF (assuming a 3-phase load on polyphase meters)
– When enabled, the condition is tested every 5 seconds when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must pass two consecutive tests to clear the diagnostic alert

kV2 Overview Page 20


Diagnostic
g 2
• Voltage Imbalance
– Compares the magnitude of Phase B & C voltages with the
Phase A voltage magnitude.
– Must be within (+/-) the tolerance programmed
• Normal differences,
differences such as the high leg on a 4-wire delta,
delta
are automatically accounted for by the test
– Tolerance may be set from 0~100% in one percent increments
– When enabled,
enabled the condition is tested every 5 seconds when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must pass two consecutive tests to clear the diagnostic alert

kV2 Overview Page 21


Diagnostic
g 3
• Current Imbalance Alert
– Compares the magnitude of each phase current with the
programmed threshold
– If one or more phase currents falls below the threshold while
the others are above it,, the diagnostic
g is set
– Tolerance may be set from 0.1A to Class amps (effectively)
– When enabled, the condition is tested every 5 seconds when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must pass two consecutive tests to clear the diagnostic alert

kV2 Overview Page 22


Diagnostic
g 4
• Phase Angle Alert
– Tests the phase angle relationship of the current phasors with
their respective voltage phasors for each element.
– Currents must be within (+/-) the programmed tolerance of the
expected
p p
phase angle
g at unityy PF ((assuming ga33-phase
p load on
polyphase meters)
– Tolerance may be set from 0° to 120° in one degree increments
– Diagnostic 4 is checked only if Diagnostic 1 is enabled and
passes its test
– When enabled, the condition is tested every 5 seconds when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
meter, and d1
passes its test
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must pass two consecutive tests to clear the diagnostic alert
kV2 Overview Page 23
Diagnostic
g 5
• Distortion Alert
– Tests the level of distortion at the meter
– Type of distortion is programmable
• Distortion Power Factor (D/U)
• THD (Total Harmonic Distortion - V or I)
• TDD (Total Demand Distortion)
– Alert is set if the distortion exceeds the tolerance programmed
AND ththe iinstantaneous
t t d
demand d exceeds
d ththe programmedd
threshold (___ kW / kvar / kVA / kQ)
– Tolerance may be set from 0~100% in one percent increments
– When enabled, the condition is tested every 5 seconds when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must pass two consecutive tests to clear the diagnostic alert
kV2 Overview Page 24
Diagnostic
g 6
• Under Voltage Alert
– Tests the magnitude of the Phase A voltage
– Alert is set if the voltage falls below the reference voltage by
the tolerance programmed
– Tolerance may be set from 0~100%0 100% in one percent increments
– By default, the reference voltage is determined by the meter
automatically based on the service type and input voltage
magnitude (120
(120, 240
240, 277
277, 346
346, or 480 Volts)
– The reference voltage may be set manually if desired
– When enabled, the condition is tested every 1 second when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must
M t pass two t consecutive
ti tests
t t tot clear
l the
th diagnostic
di ti alert
l t

kV2 Overview Page 25


Diagnostic
g 7
• Over Voltage Alert
– Tests the magnitude of the Phase A voltage
– Alert is set if the voltage exceeds the reference voltage by the
tolerance programmed
– Tolerance may be set from 0~100%
0 100% in one percent increments
– By default, the reference voltage is determined by the meter
automatically based on the service type and input voltage
magnitude (120
(120, 240
240, 277
277, 346
346, or 480 Volts)
– The reference voltage may be set manually if desired
– When enabled, the condition is tested every 1 second when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must
M t pass two t consecutive
ti tests
t t to
t clear
l the
th diagnostic
di ti alert
l t

kV2 Overview Page 26


Diagnostic
g 8
• High Neutral Current Alert
– Tests the magnitude of the imputed neutral current
– Alert is set if the calculated neutral current exceeds the
programmed tolerance
– Tolerance may be set from 0 to Class amperes
– This test is disabled for Form 45 and 56 meters used in 4-wire
wye or 4-wire delta services
– When enabled,
enabled the condition is tested every 5 seconds when a
valid Service type is detected or set in the meter
– Must fail three (or more) consecutive tests to set the diagnostic
alert
– Must pass two consecutive tests to clear the diagnostic alert

kV2 Overview Page 27


kV2 Soft Switches
The kV2 has 18 switches, 15 are sold in switch holders
• A Switch** Alternate Communication
• B Switch By-Quadrant
yQ measurements Legend:
• C Switch**** Call In on Outage (Modem) * * Works in both kV and kV2
• D Switch** DSP Sample Output ** Same as kV - not sold as an
• E Switch* Event Log upgrade - set in all kV meters
*** R switch factory set in all kV’s
• G Switch Revenue Guard Plus
b t optionally
but ti ll sett iin kV2
• I Switch Instrument Transformer Correction **** Set in Comm board, not meter,
• K Switch* kVA - Power Factor, kvar and kVA measures may not be removed once set.
• L Switch Transformer Loss Compensation
• M Switch Expanded
p Measures - pper element measurements
• P Switch** Pulse Initiator Output
• Q Switch Power Quality Measures
• R Switch*** Basic Recording (Four-channel)
• T Switch* Time of Use
• V Switch Fast Voltage Event Monitor and Log (Sag and swell, 1 to 65k cycles)
• W Switch Waveform capture (70 sample sets - 6 measures per set - V & I per phase)
• X Switch Expanded Recording (20-channel)
• Z Switch Totalization
Soft switches may be moved from meter to meter in kV2
(Soft switches may NOT be removed from kV meters)
kV2 Overview Page 28
Basic kV2 Capabilities
p
• Energy (kWh) and Active Power (kW)
– Present accumulations & demands, and “last reset” values
• Delivered only
• Received only
• Delivered + Received
• Delivered - Received
• “Instantaneous” Values for Display
– Per pphase Voltage
g ((L-L or L-N)) & Current
• Fundamental frequency only, or with harmonics
– Active Power (kW)
– Power Quality measures
• DPF, THD, TDD, Distortion kVA
• Frequency
• Site Genie Data
Data, Diagnostics (8)
(8), Cautions
Cautions, Errors
• Security Log information

kV2 Overview Page 29


B Soft Switch
• By Quadrant Measurements
– Allows the enabled measurements to be tracked by quadrant
• kWh and kW demand
• kvarh and kvar demand *
• kVAh and kVA demand (Phasor
(Phasor, Apparent
Apparent, Arith
Arith. Apparent) *

* Requires K switch to be enabled


Q2 Q Q1

Q2 kVAh Q1 kVAh
Lagging kvar(h) Lagging kvar(h)
Received kW(h)
( ) Delivered kW(h)
P
Received kW(h) Delivered kW(h)
Leading kvar(h) Leading kvar(h)
Q3 kVAh Q4 kVAh

Q3 Q4

kV2 Overview Page 30


C Soft Switch
• Call-in On Outage
– Allows the meter to call in during an outage to report the outage
– Must be used in conjunction with a communication option board
• Internal Modem
• RSX board in the external modem mode
– Must be used with the call-in-on-outage battery pack
– Soft switch stored in the option board, not in the meter
• May not be downgraded once set in the option board

kV2 Overview Page 31


E Soft Switch
• Event Log
– Allows the meter to track the most recent 500 “events”
– Use MMProg to select which event types should be logged and how
many occurrences should be tracked - up to 500 occurrences max.
– Date & time stamps on logged events for Demand/LP or TOU meters
– Logged
L dEEventst iinclude:
l d
• Diagnostics 1~8: when set & when cleared (d5 by phase & total)
• Cautions: Under voltage, Demand overload, leading kvarh,
reverse energy flow -- when set & when cleared
• Real Time Pricing activation and deactivation
• Test Mode activation and deactivation
• Externally initiated meter reading (local or remote)
• Programming sessions
• Power up, power down
• Demand resets
• Self Reads
• Revenue Guard Plus activation & deactivation
kV2 Overview Page 32
Security Log Information
• Demand resets • Calibration
– Total number of resets – User ID of last calibrator
– Date & Time of last reset – Date & Time of last calibration
(TOU/recorder) (TOU/recorder)
• Programming • OPTOCOM communications
– Total
T t l number
b off times
ti – Total
T t l # off communications
i ti
programmed – Date & Time of last communication
– Date & Time of last (TOU/recorder)
programming (TOU/recorder) • Outages
– User ID of last programmer – Total number of outages
– Cumulative Duration
– Date & Time of last outage
(TOU/recorder)

Note: These events are always logged. No soft switches necessary.

kV2 Overview Page 33


G Soft Switch
• Revenue Guard Plus
– Allows a 3-element
3 element meter to revert to 2 1/2 element operation
upon the loss of any (one) voltage input on a 4-wire wye service
– Must be used in conjunction with a Revenue Guard option board
– Operation is enabled using the Site editor in MMProg
– Optional Event Log entry is made when meter reverts to 2 1/2
element operation
– “Loss
Loss of phase voltage”
voltage condition tested every 5 seconds when
in 3-element operation mode (less than 1/2 of expected voltage)
– Three consecutive failures triggers 2 1/2 element operation
– Reverts
R t tto 3-element
3 l t operation
ti after
ft a programmablebl timeout
ti t
and resumes testing for “loss of phase voltage” condition

kV2 Overview Page 34


I Soft Switch
• IT Accuracy Correction
– Allows users to create and optionally use an alternate set of
calibration constants
– Use MMDOS to input the CT and VT ratio and phase angle
correction factors for the instrument transformers used at that
installation
– MMDOS uses those factors, plus the original factory calibration
constants,, to calculate new calibration constants
– The adjusted calibration constants are stored separately from the
original factory constants
– MMDOS allows users choose whether to apply the alternate set
of calibration constants or not (makes calibration testing easier)
– All measurements, including the Test LED output, are affected

kV2 Overview Page 35


K Soft Switch
• KVA and Reactive Measures
– Adds kvar(h), kVA(h), kQ(h), and PF measurement capability
• kvar(h) may be IEEE defined or “Fuzzy vars”
• kVA(h) may be Phasor, Apparent, or Arithmetic Apparent
• PF may be user defined
– Traditional (kWh / Phasor or Apparent kVA)

– Alternative (kWh / Arithmetic Apparent kVA)

– Displacement PF (filtered to the fundamental frequency)

– kV2 allows more than one alternate measurement to be made


– Coincident Demand/PF capability
p y in every
y kV2 makes the K
switch an even more powerful feature

Note: Unlike the kV, the K switch doesn’t add Distortion kVAh capability
to a kV2 meter. That requires a Q switch.

kV2 Overview Page 36


L Soft Switch
• Transformer (& Line) Loss Compensation - watts & vars
– Allows users to create and optionally use a set of transformer
and line loss coefficients to compensate the metered values
– Losses may be added to, or subtracted from, the metered values
– Use MMDOS to input the no-load and load loss data for the
power transformers and conductors used at that installation
– MMDOS translates the data into compensation factors to be
optionally used by the meter
– The original factory calibration constants are unaffected
– MMDOS allows users choose whether to apply the loss
compensation factors or not (makes field calibration testing
easier)
– The Test LED output is unaffected by the loss compensation. All
other data (except Distortion kVAh) is affected when the factors
are applied.
kV2 Overview Page 37
M Soft Switch
• Expanded Measures - Per Element Measurements
– Accumulation or Load Profile Recording of these “per
per element”
element
values:
• kWh & kW Demand
• kvarh & kvar Demand *
• Apparent kVAh & kVA Demand *
– Also adds per element, per quadrant for Apparent kVA(h)

Note: These values are always available for “real time” displays,
but cannot be accumulated or recorded without the M soft switch

* Also requires a K soft switch

kV2 Overview Page 38


Q Soft Switch
Power Quality Measures
– Accumulation or Load Profile Recording of these power quality related
values:
• Distortion kVA(h) (total and per element)
• Distortion PF (total and per element)
• Total Demand Distortion (TDD)
TDD = Total Harmonic Current / Max. Current Per Phase
• Total
T t lHHarmonici Di
Distortion
t ti (THD)
(THD): ITHD & VTHD per element
l t
• Line Currents: IA, IB, IC, IN, (max, min, store); IA2h, IB2h, IC2h, IN2h
• Voltages (L-L, L-N): VA, VB, VC, (max, min, store); VA2h, VB2h, VC2h

Note: These values are always available for “real time” displays,
but cannot be accumulated or recorded without the Q soft switch.

kV2 Overview Page 39


R Soft Switch
• 4-Channel Recording
– Enables up to 4 channels of load profile recording in 64KB of on-
on
board memory
– Enables up to 12 Self Read entries in a separate memory
location
– Number of active channels and days of LP data are configurable
using MMProg Recorder Option editor

Maximum Days of LP data per Channel


Recording Interval (Minutes)
Channels 1 2 3 5 10 15 30 60
1 14.6 29.2 43.8 73.0 146.0 219.0 438.0 876.0
2 7.3 14.7 22.0 36.7 73.3 110.0 220.0 440.0
3 5.5 10.9 16.4 27.3 54.7 82.0 164.0 328.0
4 4 0 8.0
4.0 8 0 12.0
12 0 20.0
20 0 40.0
40 0 60.0
60 0 120.0
120 0 240
240.0
0

Note: A battery is required for timekeeping during outages


kV2 Overview Page 40
Load Profile Scale Factor
Pulse Count for a Class 320 kV2
• The kV2 Meter Load Profile Recorder with 320 amps applied for 15 minutes
can accumulate up to 32
32,767
767
Voltage
pulses/interval. Service 120 240 277 480
• Under some combinations of service 1φ 2W 12,800 25,600 51,200
connection, voltage, and interval 1φ 3W 25,600 51,200
P φ network 25,600
25 600
l
length,
th pulse
l counts
t greater
t than
th
P φ 3W Δ 22,170 44,341 88,681
this may be seen. P φ 4W wye 38,400 88,681
• The Scale Factor may be P φ 4W Δ 42,466 84,933
programmed for a value from 1 to 10
to reduce the number of pulses
Pulse Count for a Class 20 kV2
stored.
with 15 amps applied for 15 minutes
• The examples show maximum pulse Voltage
counts for a 15 minute interval with Service 120 240 277 480
a SF of 1. 1φ 2W 9,000 18,000 36,000
1φ 3W 18,000 36,000
Pφ network 18,000
Pφ 3W Δ 15,588 31,177 62,354
Pφ 4W wye 27 000
27,000 62 354
62,354
Pφ 4W Δ 31,177 62,354

kV2 Overview Page 41


Load Profile Data Translation

• MMLP Reports automatically convert data to engineering units


• Third
Thi d party
t translation
t l ti software
ft (e.g.
( MV-90)
MV 90) may require
i a
“pulse value” input.

Current Class 120 480V


120~480V 48 192V
48~192V
(Amps) (Wh/varh/VAh) (Wh/varh/VAh)
20 0.05 0.02
200 0.50 0.20
320 0.75 0.30

NOTE: Pulse values shown assume the Scale Factor (SF) = 1

kV2 Overview Page 42


T Soft Switch
• Time-Of-Use
– Enables TOU operation
• Up to 4 TOU periods & 4 Seasons
• Up to 3 daily rate schedule types, plus one holiday schedule
• Upp to 80 TOU Schedule set p points
• Up to 150 programmable dates (50 in kV)
– Holidays, Season Change, DST, Self Read, Reset

– Perpetual
p calendar handles most dates
• Up to 5 billing & 5 demand measures per TOU period
– Each demand measure capable of 2 coincident values

• Future activation of TOU Schedule & Calendar possible


• Enables load control output switch capabilities
• Enables Self Read actions on specified dates -- with or
without a Demand Reset

Note: A battery is required for timekeeping during outages


kV2 Overview Page 43
V Soft Switch
• Fast Voltage Event Log
– Monitors all phases for voltage sags and swells
– Independently set magnitude threshold for sags and swells
• 0~100% of Reference Voltage in 1% increments
– Duration threshold from 1 to 6565,535
535 cycles (18
(18.2
2 min
min. @ 60Hz)
– Event ends when all phase voltages are within tolerance
– Voltage Event log is separate from regular Event Log (E switch)
– Separate sag and swell event counters (65,535 events max.)
– For each of the most recent 200 events, the Log captures :
• Event type
yp ((sagg or swell))
• Max (swell) or Min (sag) RMS cycle voltage for each phase
• RMS current coincident with voltage max/min
• Duration of the event (in cycles -- up to 65
65,535)
535)
• Date/Time recorded if meter is in Demand/LP or TOU mode
kV2 Overview Page 44
W Soft Switch
• Waveform Capture with Harmonic & Power Analysis Reporting
– Enables capture of sample data from the kV2
• 6 sets of 70 samples each (3 voltages, 3 currents)
54.7 samples per cycle, per phase, @ 60 Hz
– MMDOS command triggers the data capture
– MMDOS generates harmonic analysis reports for each voltage
and current input
– Power
P A
Analysis
l i
report also generated
– Capture the data
L
Locally
ll or R
Remotely
t l

kV2 Overview Page 45


Harmonic Analysis
y Report
p Example
p
1.1.1.1 Screens
Display sample data harmonic analysis Diag Menu
Realdata Phasor harMonic Help Quit
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
¦Meter: kV2 (TOU) ID: 123456789123456789 SN: 1234567812345678 ¦
¦Options: kV Modem, LP FW: 5 HW: 255 ¦
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------¦
¦ Freq 59.81 Hz Harmonic Analysis – Element C Volts ¦
¦ Fund 110
110.82
82 Volts ¦
¦ Harm Angle Pcnt Harm Angle Pcnt ¦
¦ 1 118.6 100.00 < Not Shown > 2 45.5 0.04 ¦ ¦
¦ 3 88.7 0.18 ¦¦¦¦¦¦ 4 30.2 0.04 ¦ ¦
¦ 5 59.8 0.78 ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ 6 9.7 0.07 ¦¦ ¦
¦ 7 128.5 0.22 ¦¦¦¦¦¦ 8 12.0 0.02 ¦ ¦
¦ 9 151.1 0.03 ¦ 10 24.2 0.01 ¦ ¦
¦ 11 90.8 0.12 ¦¦¦ 12 261.2 0.01 ¦ ¦
¦ 13 266.5 0.03 ¦ 14 286.0 0.00 ¦
¦ 15 178.2 0.01 ¦ 16 158.9 0.01 ¦ ¦
¦ 17 175.4 0.06 ¦¦ 18 27.5 0.00 ¦
¦ 19 270
270.8
8 0
0.03
03 ¦ 20 341
341.2
2 0
0.00
00 ¦
¦ 21 330.5 0.01 ¦ 22 76.5 0.00 ¦
¦ 23 171.3 0.01 ¦ 24 201.3 0.00 ¦
¦ ¦
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------¦
¦ Press Page Up, Page Down, S to sample, <ESC> to abort ¦
+--------------------------------------------- MeterMate 3.00 Copyright 2000 GE+
Figure 1 - Harmonic Analysis Graph Screen
kV2 Overview Page 46
Power Analysis
y Report
p Example
p
Display sample data harmonic analysis Diag Menu
Realdata Phasor harMonic Help Quit
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
¦Meter: kV2 (TOU) ID: 123456789123456789 SN: 1234567812345678 ¦
¦Options: kV Modem, LP FW: 5 HW: 255 ¦
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------¦
¦ Freq 59.81Hz Power Analysis ¦
¦ ¦
¦ Element A Element B Element C Total ¦
¦ P Active Power XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X kW ¦
¦ Q Reactive Power XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X kVAr ¦
¦ D Distortion Power XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X kVA ¦
¦ F Fictitious Power XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X kVA ¦
¦ N Nonreactive Power XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X kVA ¦
¦ S Phasor Power XXXXX.X
XXXXX X XXXXX.X
XXXXX X XXXXX.X
XXXXX X XXXXX
XXXXX.X
X kVA ¦
¦ U Apparent Power XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X kVA ¦
¦ Arithmetic Power XXXXX.X kVA ¦
¦ Apparent Power Factor XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X ¦
¦ Displacement Factor XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X ¦
¦ Distortion Power Factor XXXXX.X ¦
¦ THD Voltage XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X % ¦
¦ THD Current XXXXX.X XXXXX.X XXXXX.X % ¦
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------¦
¦ Press Page Up, Page Down, S to sample, <ESC> to abort ¦
+--------------------------------------------- MeterMate 3.00 Copyright 2000 GE+

Figure 1 - Harmonic Analysis Text Screen

kV2 Overview Page 47


X Soft Switch
• Expanded Recording
– Enables up to 20 channels of load profile recording in 192KB of
on-board memory
– Enables up to 12 Self Read entries in a separate memory
location
– Number of active channels and days of LP data are configurable
in MMProg Recorder Option editor
– See next slide for table of maximum days of LP data
• Depends on number of active channels and LP interval length

Note: A battery is required for timekeeping during outages


kV2 Overview Page 48
X Soft Switch - Maximum Days
y of LP Data
LP Interval (Minutes)
1 2 3 5 10 15 30 60
1 43 8
43.8 87 6
87.6 131 4
131.4 219 0
219.0 438 0
438.0 657 0
657.0 1314 0
1314.0 2628 0
2628.0
2 22.1 44.1 66.2 110.3 220.7 331.0 662.0 1324.0
3 16.5 33.1 49.6 82.7 165.3 248.0 496.0 992.0
els

4 12.1 24.1 36.2 60.3 120.7 181.0 362.0 724.0


mber of Channe

5 10 2
10.2 20 4
20.4 30 6
30.6 51 0
51.0 102 0
102.0 153 0
153.0 306 0
306.0 612 0
612.0
6 8.3 16.5 24.8 41.3 82.7 124.0 248.0 496.0
7 7.3 14.7 22.0 36.7 73.3 110.0 220.0 440.0
8 6.3 12.7 19.0 31.7 63.3 95.0 190.0 380.0
9 5.7 11.5 17.2 28.7 57.3 86.0 172.0 344.0
10 5.1 10.1 15.2 25.3 50.7 76.0 152.0 304.0
11 4.7 9.5 14.2 23.7 47.3 71.0 142.0 284.0
12 4.3 8.5 12.8 21.3 42.7 64.0 128.0 256.0
13 4.0 8.0 12.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 120.0 240.0
Num

14 3
3.7 7.33 11 0
11.0 18 3
18.3 36
36.7 55.00 110 0
110.0 220 0
220.0
15 3.5 6.9 10.4 17.3 34.7 52.0 104.0 208.0
16 3.2 6.4 9.6 16.0 32.0 48.0 96.0 192.0
17 3.1 6.1 9.2 15.3 30.7 46.0 92.0 184.0
18 29
2.9 57
5.7 86
8.6 14 3
14.3 28 7
28.7 43 0
43.0 86 0
86.0 172 0
172.0
19 2.7 5.5 8.2 13.7 27.3 41.0 82.0 164.0
20 2.6 5.2 7.8 13.0 26.0 39.0 78.0 156.0

kV2 Overview Page 49


Z Soft Switch
• Totalization and External Pulse Input Scaling
– Enables combining data from up to 5 meters
• 4 external meter inputs plus the kV2 metered data
• External inputs require use of the Multiple I/O option board
– Up to 8 data combinations allowed -- “totalization
totalization maps”
maps
• Add or subtract inputs with the same engineering units
• May use one totalization channel as input to a second
t t li ti channel
totalization h l
– Enables data scaling of external pulse inputs
• External inputs may be recorded and displayed as unscaled
raw pulse counts without the Z soft switch installed

kV2 Overview Page 50


Options

• Input/Output option boards


– Simple
p I/O
– Multiple I/O
• Internal Modem
• RSX Communications (RS (RS-232/485
232/485 or ext
ext. modem)
• Revenue Guard - 3 phase power supply
• Soft Switches
– 15 function sets controlled by soft switch upgrades

kV2 Overview Page 51


Simple
p I/O Option
p Board
• Same Configuration as kV I/O Board
– 2 Three-Wire
Three Wire Outputs
– 1 Two-Wire Output
– 1 RTP Input
• All outputs configurable for:
– Pulse Initiator functions
– Alerts, Diagnostics, & Cautions
– Load Control Operation
• Solid State relays
– Max. ratings:
g 120 VAC, 0.1 AAC; 170 VDC, 0.1 ADC
• RTP input requires 5~24 VDC, 8 mADC minimum
• Not compatible with the kV meter

kV2 Overview Page 52


Multiple
p I/O Option
p Board
• Expanded Functionality
– 2 Three-Wire
Three Wire Outputs
– 6 Two-Wire Outputs
– 4 Pulse Inputs (Three-Wire or Two Wire)
– 1 RTP Input
• All outputs configurable for:
– Pulse Initiator functions
– Alerts, Diagnostics, & Cautions
– Load Control Operation
• Solid State relays
y
– Max. ratings: 120 VAC, 0.1 AAC; 170 VDC, 0.1 ADC
• RTP and pulse inputs require 5~24 VDC, 8 mADC minimum
• Not compatible with the kV meter

kV2 Overview Page 53


I/O Option
p Boards - Output
p Choices
• Pulse Initiator
– Any available cumulative measure (Wh, varh, V2h, etc.)
• Diagnostics
– Individually selectable by diagnostic type (1~8)
• Cautions ((individually
y selectable))
– Low Battery (timekeeping) CA 000001
– Low Potential CA 000400
– Demand Overload CA 004000
– Received kWh CA 400000
– Leading kvarh CA 040000
– Unprogrammed CA 000010
– Loss of Program CA 000040
• Alerts
– Demand,
Demand End Of Interval,
Interval Power Factor,
Factor Rate
Rate, and RTP
• Load Control

kV2 Overview Page 54


Internal Modem
• 2400 baud design -- essentially the same as the kV
– New kV2 modem compatible with kV meters
– Old kV modem not compatible with kV2 meters
• Call Origination
– Schedule, Event, Power Restoration, Power Outage (optional)
– Three phone numbers, primary & alternate defined for each call type
• Call Answer
• Shared phone line friendly
– Answer window, number of rings, and call origination window
– Other phone detect circuitry
• Line sharing - up to 5 meters on one phone line
• Designed for open systems & third party integration
– Designed to meet ANSI C12.18, C12.21, and C12.19
– Supports UTS “I” command

kV2 Overview Page 55


Call in on Power Outage

• Optional capability to call during a power outage


– Enable with a C soft switch
• Requires additional, larger battery
• Programmable features to minimize battery use
– Length of power outage before placing call
– Minimum time between power outage calls
– Separate Retry Algorithm: Conserves CIO battery
• Available option on Modem option board or RSX option
board (in external modem mode)

kV2 Overview Page 56


RSX Option Board
• Jumper selectable operation
– RS-232
– RS-485
– External Modem
• Enables faster communication speeds
– Up to 9600 baud communications supported
• Provides communication link to 3rd party AMR devices
– Uses ANSI C12.18 PSEM standard communication protocol
• Direct “point-to-point” communication using RS-232/485
– Up to 50 feet away in RS-232 mode
– Up to 3500 feet away in RS-485 mode
• Backward Compatible
– New kV2 RSX board compatible with kV meters
– Old kV RSX board not compatible
p with kV2 meters

kV2 Overview Page 57


Nameplate
p
• More softswitch symbols
– Filled circles for installed
switches
– Unfilled circles for switches
not installed
• Option Board Symbols
– I/O for MIO and SIO boards
– Modem
– Rev.
Rev Guard for Revenue
Guard Board (3 phase
power supply)
– RS for RSX (RS-232) or
RS4 (RS-485 Modbus)
– Space for AMR or other 3rd
party boards

kV2 Overview Page 58


Labels
kV2 Softswitches MI/O Option Bd. Recorder Board
B Bi-directional measurements Outputs Wire Color Measure Ch Qty.
C Call In on Outage K1/K2_OUT RED 1
E Security/Power Quality Log Y1_OUT YEL 2
G Revenue Guard Plus Z1 OUT
Z1_OUT BLK
Y2_OUT GRY 3
I IT accuracy Correction
K Simple kVA Z2_OUT BLU 4
L XFMR Loss Compensation K3/K8_OUT BRN 5
M Per phase measurement Z3_OUT ORG 6
Q Power Quality Measures Z4_OUT WHT 7
R Recording (4-ch) Z5_OUT WHT/BLK
Z6_OUT WHT/BRN 8
T Time of Use
V Sag and swell log Z7_OUT WHT/RED 9
W Harmonic Analysis Z8_OUT WHT/ORG 10
X Recording (20-ch) Inputs Wire Color Measure 11
Z Totalization K1_IN WHT/GRN 12
Y1_IN WHT/YEL
Z1 IN
Z1_IN WHT/BLU 13
K2_IN WHT/GRY 14
Y2_IN WHT/VIO 15
Labels provide help with new features Z2_IN WHT/BLK/BRN 16
K3_IN WHT/BLK/ORG 17
Y3_IN WHT/BLK/RED
•Soft Switch label - symbols used on Z3_IN WHT/BLK/YEL 18
K4_IN WHT/BLK/BLU 19
nameplate Y4_IN WHT/BLK/GRN 20
Z4_IN WHT/BLK/VIO
•MIO label - color coding of wires RTP- GRN
RTP+ VIO
•Recorder Label - assigned channels

Note: Labels shown do not have boxes for hand entered values on actual label

kV2 Overview Page 59


Block Diagram
g

Current
AC Load
Sensors
Li
Line Telephone Modem

RS-232

nector
Voltage 2nd Comm Port
A/D Converter
Sensors

Option Conn
DAP Simple I/O
8 Channel Δ-Σ

Revenue Complex I/O


I/O Port
Guard 32 kHz
Timekeeping

O
O ti
Option Sample Output
Microcomputer
DC to
32 Bit
Power Supply 2 Mbit ROM - Code
Circuits
64KBit RAM -
LCD 012ABCDEF
120 - 480V Wave Form Capture Controller
(57 - 120V) Switches(3)
andd scratch
t h

external bus
ANSI C12.18 Optical Port - PSEM

ANSI C12.19 Std. Tables


Flash
EEPROM
TOU Memory 64k bit
4 Mbit -Code, Event Data & Program
Battery Log, Load Profile, & Parameters
Self Read Data Option Board

kV2 Overview Page 60


kV2 Data Flow Block End Readings

DAP Data Load


Calculated q
quantities Profile
Accums
(up to 20) Data
(up to 20
Wh qtys channels)
Load Profile
varh qtys Select
(up to 20)
0 WhA VAh qtys
Summations
1 WhB Voltages Measurment (Overall, Rates A-D)
F(n)
2 Whc Profile User-
Currents list of selected
up to quantities Summations
S ti
... Select
Distortion 20 (up to 20)
measures (up to 5)
n Measures
Demands and Coinc. Dmds
Basic Frequency
(Overall Rates A-D)
(Overall,
Quantities
Quadrant Demand
Select
Totalization
(up to 5)
(up to 8
pp g )
mappings)
P l Inputs
Pulse I t
E1 Coinc. Dmd
E2 Select
External Inputs (4)
E3 (2 per dmd))
E4 Average Power Factor
(Numerator, Denominator)
Average PF
Select
File: kV2 Data Flow 02.PPT 3-17-00