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TECHNICAL REPORT # 1 PARTS I & II

CRIME & THE INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMY OF CRIMINAL


PROCESSING & DISCIPLINING AGENCIES IN LATE
COLONIAL PHILIPPINES UNDER US OCCUPATION,
1900-1935
- AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
OVER CONTEMPORARY PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOURCES

© 2004 Virgilio Rojas


Dept. of Economic History, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden,
Virgilio.Rojas@ekohist.su.se

ABSTRACT

This annotated bibliography tabulates and condenses information on the content


and relevance of selected sources central to the thematic concerns of the current
research project: colonial criminality, criminal processing & disciplinary
institutions in late colonial Philippines. It specifies the currency of listed
primary and secondary sources critically in terms of extractable quantitative
and/or qualitative data. As extractability of empirical quantitative data is a
central concern here, a more exhaustive description of corresponding sources on
this score will follow accordingly. Broadly, within this template, therefore,
information entered in the columns designated content and relevance will
underscore and refer to qualitative and (as the case may be, coeval) quantitative
data, respectively.

Noted template organises the tabulated annotations presented in the first two of
three parts of the incumbent report designated as Report # 1. However, unlike
the first two, the third and concluding part of said Report is strictly designed as a
quinquennial directory & statistical serial data-base drawn from (753) penal
cases transacted by the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands between 1900-
1935. Annotations of supplementary secondary contemporary accounts and a
few official publications in Part 2 further shore up this study’s two major
empirical serial sources which undergird Parts 1 & 3: The Philippine
Commission Reports (PCR) later to be labeled the Report of the Governor
General (RGG) and the Philippine Reports. Altogether the three parts should be
read as logistical/technical reports on which empirical grounds the forthcoming
main chapters of the current dissertation will rest.
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Finally, said technical reports (equivalent in fact to an overblown appendix)


were designed to raise research transparency in three crucial senses: 1) as a
referential compass and guide into the main sources for both researcher and
readers; 2) as a venue for raising the latter’s field of vision even in terms of the
process of raw data generation itself in the concluding part of the report; 3) as a
devise for facilitating in a more open and visible manner the process of
finetuning or reformulating preliminary theoretical questions against the
available empirical evidence.

BACKGROUND

The current stock of sources has been the product of two major visits to three
significant archives in Manila, Philippines, viz. Philippine National Archives
(PNA), Lopez Memorial Museum Library (LMML), and the American
Historical Collections (AHC) at the Rizal Library, Ateneo de Manila University.
The first major if exploratory visit took place in 1998 in two consecutive sub-
phases (phase 1: February-April; phase 2: September 1998), during which two
main primary serial sources were retireved, reproduced and filed: Philippine
Commission Reports (PCR) later to be labeled the Report of the Governor
General (RGG) and the Census of the Philippine Islands (1903/1918). Still, a
host of other important statistical and anecdotal sources relevant to the thematic
concerns had then also been acquired. During the second major and recent visit,
(September-October 2003) a continuous quinquennial data sampling survey (for
the period 1900-1935, amounting to several hundreds of penal cases) based on
the serial material, Philippine Reports (PR), the bounded muti-volume chro-
nological reports on cases determined by the Supreme Court of the Philippines,
was conducted. Contemporaneous secondary accounts, monographs, and
periodical articles were added to the current stock.

Mode and extent of retrieval/reproduction of sources varied according to i.a.


existing procedural standards at noted archives, time, resource factors, and, of
course, the thematic concerns. Mode-wise, the bulk of sources retrieved in the
1998 visits, and a few of those secured in 2003, were photostatic copies.
Whereas an overwhelming share of stock acquistion during the latter visit were
digitally reproduced and stored in JPEG image files. In much the same vein,
retrieval/reproduction differed widely, extentwise. Save for some important
monographs, periodical, journal articles and travelogues, and certain volumes of
the two consecutive censuses (1903/1918) – which were retrieved in toto - a
large portion of the main primary and secondary source reproductions consist of
selected pages containing theme-related information.

Consequently, for example, only systematically excerpted theme-related


segments (those containing qualitative and quantitative data on criminality and

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corresponding colonial control institutions) from the annual Philippine


Commission Reports (PCR)-Report of the Governor General (RGG) for the
period 1900-1935 (with the exception however of a dozen of later volumes in
the series available in complete copies: see note on sources below), were
photostatically reproduced and filed. Similarly, for the Philippine Reports (PR)
systematic extraction and digital recovery were confined exclusively to Supreme
Court decisions on penal cases at five-year intervals between 1900-1935.

Besides widely contrasting procedures at noted archives, the fact that certain
serial materials (e.g. PCR-RGG) were unavailable in complete sets in any one
place made retrieval and reproduction work on some of the main sources more
arduous and time-consuming than expected. In the bracketed case, filling the
“cavities” in the serial source meant i.a. a lot of time lost on the road,
negotiating traffic while shuttling between two archives (Philippine National
Archives & Lopez Memorial Museum Library) located at opposite ends of
Manila.

The following annotated inventory of sources is subdivided into primary and


contemporary secondary sources.

PRIMARY SOURCES
Census of the Philippine Islands (CPI), 1903/1918
Census of the Philippines (CPI) 1903 Bulletin 1-3
Penal Code of the Philippine Islands (PCI), 1904/1911/1932
Civil Code (CC) 1932/1948
Code of Civil Procedure (CCP) 1921
Report of the Philippine Commission (RPC)-Report of the Governor General (RGG), 1900-1935
Philippine Reports (PR), 1900-1935
Statistical Bulletin (SB), 1918-1928 # 1-11

SECONDARY SOURCES (contemporary)


Blair & Robertson (1907) The Philippine Islands 1493-1898
Chronology of contemporary monographs and accounts
1846/Mallat, Jean/The Philippines,History, Geography, Customs
1899/Fischer, Horace/Principles of Colonial Government. Adapted to the present needs of Porto Rico, Cuba, and
the Philippines
1899/Boutwell, George S/The War of Despotism in the Philippine Islands
1899/Adams, Charles Francis/“Imperialism” and “Tracks of our Forefathers”
1899/Ireland, Alleyne/Tropical Colonisation- An introduction to the study of the subject
1900/Sawyer, Frederick/The Inhabitants of the Philippines
1902/Anti-Imperialist League/Report of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the New England Anti-Imperialist League
(Nov 29- Dec. 2)
1902/The World’s Work/Vol 4 (May-Oct), “Living with Filipinos” pp.2238-39; “The Philippine Problem”
pp. 2344-2352
1903 (1971)/Taylor, John RM/The Philippine Insurrection against the United States, Vols. 1-5
1904/The World’s Work/August issue, “The Philippine Peoples,” Newell, Alfred C, pp.5128-5145
1905/Ireland, Alleyne FRGS/The Far Eastern Tropics
1905/Willis, Henry Parker/Our Philippine Problem: A Study of American Colonial Policy
1905/LeRoy, James/“The Philippines and the Filipinos” (In Ireland’s, The Far Eastern Tropics); reprinted in
Bulletin of American Historical Collection Foundation Vol 27 #3 (July-Sept 1998)
1906/Foreman, John/The Philippines
1907/Hord, John/International and Colonial History Vol XXV #1: 7-45, “Internal Taxation in the Philippines”
1909/Villamor, Ignacio/Criminality in the Philippine Islands

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1909/Appropriation Estimates
1909/Bandholtz, H H/Annual Report of the Director of Constabulary
1910/Villamor, Ignacio/Penologia Estadistica Criminal
1911/Araneta, Gregorio et al/ Yearly Review #12th yr #278, “Law & Order” section (introduction), “Organisation of
the Judiciary,” “Jurisprudence,” “The Constabulary,” “Social Life of the Filipino,” etc.
1911/Lewis, WH/ Mla Times 2nd Annual edition, “Bilibid. The most remarkable penal institution in the world”
1912/Blount, James H/The American Occupation of the Philippines, 1898-1912
1912/Philippine Law Review/
1912/Journal of Race Development
1912/Finegan, Philip Rev/Philippine Bulletin (July) #1, “How our government manages the prison in Mla”
1913/Jones, William A/Misgovernment in the Philippines and Cost to the United States of American Occupation
1914/Worcester, Dean Conant/The Philippines Past and Present Vols 1-2
1915/The Independent
1915/Freeman, Lewis/Sunset (March) Vol.34 #3, “Shall we keep the Philippines? A Promise that was never made
and a performance that means much to possessor and possessed.”pp.439-448
1915/Kelly, Amzy B
1917/Elliot, Charles/The Philippines, to the End of the Commission Government: A Study in Tropical Democracy
1917/Craig, Austin/The Former Philippines Thru Foreign Eyes
1918/Rules of Court
1918/Koren, John ed./The History of Statistics, their development and progress in many countries
1919/de los Angeles, Sixto/Aspecto General de la Criminalidad en Filipinas
1919/Cunningham, Charles Henry/ The Audencia in the Spanish Colonies-As illustrated by the Audencia of
Manila
1919/Kalaw, Teodoro M/Philippine Review (June/July 1916/19), “The Memoirs of Felipe Calderon”
1924/Villamor, Ignacio/Crime and Moral Education
1925/Albert, Mariano/The Law on Crimes
1926/Alzate, Manuel A/Convict Labor in Philippine Islands
1926 (28, 30, 39, 55, 69)/Gamboa, Melquiades J/ An Introduction to Philippine Law
1927/Villamor, Ignacio/A Brief Study on the Correctional Code, Vol 3 #7 Philippine Prisons Review
1927/Philippine Law Journal
1928/Philippine Law Journal/ Vol 7 #6 (Jan 1928)Ylagan, Pedro, “A Practical Program of Procedural Development
or Reform for the PI”/ Vol 7 #9 (April 1928)Villamor, Ignacio, Associate Justice of Supreme Court, “The
Development of the Justice of the Peace Courts in the Philippines”
1929/Philippine Law Journal/ Vol 9 #2 (Aug 1929)Villamor, Ignacio, Associate Justice, Supreme Court of PI,
“Habitual Delinquency”/ Vol 9 #6 (Nov 1929)Ramos, Aurelio, “The Roman Law in the Phil”
1930/ Philippine Law Journal/ Vol 9 #7 (Jan 1930) Nieva, Antonio, ”A Study of the Parole Law of the Philippines”
1930/Villamor, Ignacio/Guide to Philippine Law
1932/Dayang, Eugenio/Philippine Free Press (May 7) “Ten Years a Prisoner”
1932/Philippine Law Journal/ Vol 11 #6 (February)Prof Capistrano, Francisco, College of Law, UP, “The Revised
Penal Code. A Brief Review, General Features”/ Vol 12 #5 (Nov 1932), Jarencio, Hilarion, “The Effects of Appeals
from the Court of First Instance to the Supreme Court in Civil and Criminal Cases”
1933/Rules of Court/
1933/Baja, Emmanuel/Philippine Police System and its Problems
1938/Hurley, Vic/Jungle Patrol: The Story of the Philippine Constabulary
1939/Rodriguez, Eulogio/Ignacio Villamor – The Savant and the Man
1939/Anderson, William H/The Philippine Problem
1945/Forbes, Cameron W/The Philippine Islands, Revised edition (1928 copyright)

NOTES ON SOURCES

PRIMARY SERIAL AND OFFICIAL SOURCES

The primary serial source Report of the Philippine Commission (RPC) was
retitled Report of the Governor General (RGG) in 1916 onwards, at which time
US Congress ratified a new organic law granting political autonomy with a
promise of future independence to the Filipinos. While the once appointive
Philippine Commission had now been replaced by a popularly elected Senate,
the office of the governor general continued to receive its mandate from the
White House, and was officially under the umbrella of the Bureau of Insular

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Affairs. The retitling synchronises with this defining moment in American-


Filipino relations. From the RPC volumes (1900-1915) in the series only theme-
related segments were culled. Selective extractions from the RGG portion of the
series (1916-1935) cover the following years: 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1933,
1934, 1935; for the intervening volumes (1920-1932) complete copies were
acquired and photostatically reproduced. The sheer obesity, and thus potential
reproduction costs, of the earlier RPC relative to the RGG volumes largely
dictated noted difference in modes of extraction. Take note that the name (s) of
the governor general (s) (incumbent, incoming, outgoing) for the respective
annual reports appear in the left-most column of the table of annotations.

The Censuses (CPI) of 1903 and 1918 are complete insular-wide censuses,
taken at the outset (1903) under the direction of the Philippine Commission,
then colonial caretaker government, pursuant to a congressional Act (# 467) in
1902. Section 7 of said Act made census-taking a formal precondition to the
eventual holding of general elections for the s-c Philippine Assembly, the
envisioned all-native legislature. The 1903 CPI was published in four volumes,
under the respective headings of (I) Geography, History and Population; (II)
Population; (III) Mortality, Defective Classes, Education, Families and
Dwellings; and (IV) Agriculture, Social and Industrial Statistics. Initial and
limited statistical data on deviance and penology can be found in Chapter VIII
on “Criminals and Prisons” in Volume IV. Tabular data on the other main
categories and sub-categories (e.g. population, climate etc) also came out in the
form of bulletin reports. Finally, for CPI 1903 (including the first three
consecutive bulletin reports), complete copies are in custody. For CPI 1918
however, only selected extracts from Volume I on “Geography, History and
Climatology” were reproduced. On the other hand, original complete copies of
Volumes II-IV (II.“Population and Mortality;” III.”Agriculture, Medicinal
Plants, Forests, Lands, and Proper Diet;” IV.”Social and Judicial Statistics,
Manufactures and Household Industries.”) are in our provisional care through
the courtesy of the archives of the Swedish Central Statistical Bureau.
Comparatively, the 1918 tabular data on judicial and penal statistics are far more
extensive than those in the preceding census, and appear in Volume IV Part II
under the rubric “Judicial Statistics.”

The ensuing gap in serial judicial, criminal and penal statistics for the
intervening post-1918 period has besides the annual commission and governor
general’s reports, partially been bridged in this study by other official statistical
sources available to the author, like the Statistical Bulletin (SB), at least for the
succeeding 10 years (1918-1928, #1-11). SB was first published by the Dept. of
Commerce and Communications, which at the time was in the process of
reorganisation into the Bureau of Commerce and Industry. To qualify however,

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relevant if summary statistical data on noted thematic concerns can be drawn


singly from the following issues/years: #3 (1920), #7-11(1924-28).

Deviating from the standard binary structure of the annotations (according to


content and relevance of listed literature), general changes in the Penal Code
(PC) can be gleaned from the exclusively content-specific comparative
annotations of its three successive revisions, viz. 1904, 1911, 1932, as tabularly
summarized in 1.3. The same procedure is repeated for the Civil Code, CC
(1932, 1948) and the Code of Civil Procedure, CCP (1921) in the next section,
1.4.

The Philippine Reports (PR) compiles and publishes cases determined in the
Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands. The first volume came out in 1904,
covering cases transacted between August 8 1901 and February 20 1903. The
insular Supreme Court then was headed by a native Chief Justice and 6 associate
justices (2 natives and 4 Americans), under which served an American attorney-
general, a native solicitor-general, and one American reporter. In the first
volume and subsequent ones, the table of contents usually includes: an
alphabetical list of cases reported as well as those cited in the reports.

In the immediately adjacent reference list are found consecutive indices on


citations and references from: articles of the civil code, penal code, code of civil
procedure (old and new), code of commerce, general orders of the military
governor of the Philippines, mortgage law, and miscellaneous statutes. For the
purpose of the study, strictly penal cases were selected. Selection was done on a
five-year interval basis: 1900, 1905, 1910, 1915, 1920, 1925, 1930, 1935.

Collation of cases proceeded systematically in the following mode: first, penal


articles with their corresponding page designations enumerated in the reference
index “Article of the Penal Code Cited or Referred To in this Volume,” were
“distilled,” or “deflated,” i.e. as there was no necessary correspondence between
penal articles cited and absolute number of penal cases reported in the volume.
Either several articles could very well be cited in the same case reported, or
several cases reported cited the same penal article. Thus, one first had to
determine the pages registering one or more penal articles. This tedious
procedure had a two-pronged purpose: first, to enable one to determine more
exactly the absolute number of penal cases reported in the volume; second, to
expedite chronological photographic retrieval of selected cases from ditto.
Selected cases were finally digitally photographed and stored in JPEG image-
files, an inventory of which appears at the end of this report.

A similar technical problem was encountered in determining the absolute


number of all cases reported, i.e. inclusive of all case categories, insofar as these

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were listed alphabetically under the names of both complainant/appellee and


defendant/appellant. Here, the total number of cases could be fixed after
eliminating “double-accounting” instances, as it were. Last but not least, it is
also important to note that the cases included in the survey do not even remotely
approximate the total number of penal cases handled by the whole gamut of
colonial courts (Supreme Court, Courts of First Instance, justice of the peace
courts) throughout the Islands; cases accepted and transacted by the Supreme
Court, the highest appellate court, are of course those with extraordinary legal
merit and constitute as such only a small fraction of the total cases transacted in
the insular court system as a whole. Furthermore, procedural reforms introduced
by the Americans were designed to impose stricter limitations on Supreme Court
case throughput as an antidote to notable dilatory workings of past Hispanic
colonial judicial systems.

Part III of this report, provides a complete case directory and statistical data base
with corresponding serial data sheets in Excel-format, including a summary of
data-base parameters, design, key or legend over column headers, and additional
critical notes on source, data collection & processing.

CONTEMPORARY SECONDARY SOURCES

Blair & Robertson’s (1907) The Philippine Islands 1493-1898 span 51


volumes, among which complete photostatic copies of three (3)
relevant volumes have been included in the current collection.

Deliberately, only contemporary secondary sources (in the form of monographs,


manifestos, travelogues, journal and newspaper articles) are the
targets of annotation in this bibliography. Annotations are organised
chronologically, rather than alphabetically, to easily locate points in
the relevant time scale where frequency of accounts on thematic
concerns are either “thicker” or “thinner” if not vacuous. Following
this logic, for instance, sundry articles from the same journal will be
sorted by year of publication, not author’s name, in the general
chronology (2.3).
ABBREVIATIONS REGARDING “REPRODUCTIVE STATUS” OF SOURCES

Appearing as a rule at the left-most column of the table of annotations, are the
following abbreviations pertaining to “reproductive status.” This term refers to
the corresponding completeness and mode of reproduction of listed sources, the
designated abbreviations of which are usually bracketed and appear in
combination.

cc = complete copy

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ic = incomplete copy
jpeg = digital copy in jpeg format
o = original copy
ps = photostatic copy
trans = transcription or transcribed copy

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ANNOTATED INVENTORY OF SOURCES

1. PRIMARY SOURCES

1.1. Report of Philippine Commission-Report of Governor General,


1900-1935

Anno/Vol./Pp/ Content (textual) Relevance (q data)


Governor General
1900/1: 43-159 Spanish government structure;
Schurman, Jacob G governmental reforms desired by
natives, American plan of
(ic: ps) government, judicial system,
Chinese in PI
1900/2 Testimony and exhibits
Schurman

(ic: ps)
1901/Part 1 Administration of justice, reorg of
Taft, William Howard courts, comments upon judicial
system, new code of civil procedure,
(ic: ps) criminal code, civil code; historical
chronological notes on PI
1901/Part 2 Inaugural address of civil governor;
Taft population by provinces; public
laws (Act … org of courts)
(ic: ps)

1902/Part 1 Summary report of civil governor;


Taft Anecdotal reflections on
lawlessness
(ic: ps)
1902/Part 2 Report of Sec. of Finance/Justice, Data on salaries (police),
Taft Police Dept, relations w military, infirmed prison inmates,
Bilibid prison, gambling, secret comparative US area: police force
(ic: ps) service bureau, cooperation of ratio; police expenditure, number of
native and US police; Phil. personnel, arrests and charges (excl
Constabulary report; provincial secret service), arrests/charges by
operations vs banditry secret service; office of city atty,
prosecuting atty (no. cases and
status entered in municipal and CFI
levels); q constabulary force/
province, q surrenderies (anti-
insurgency campaign), aggregate
results of operations
1902/Part 2 Report of the Civil Gov.
Taft highlighting critical annual events
(cholera, banditry, labor issue,
(ic: ps) friar’s lands, government depts.

1903/Part 1 Summary commission report to Sec Data on expenses (cholera, census,


Taft/Wright, Luke of War; Report of Gov., peace and St Louis Expo); rice imports, costs
order.; Taft-Mabini exchange, of locust & pest control/province,
(ic: ps) partial indigenisation of carabao transactions, friar lands

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constabulary, reconcentration, value, police clerical force/salaries,


bandolerismo law, dissolute money recovered by detective
Americans & vagrancy acts, friars’ bureau, arrests + convictions etc,
lands, labor question, health, statement of expenditures (eg
Census, Report of Police chief, uniform); prisoners (nationality, q,
criminal identification, report of law charges), prosecuting aty (cases at
dept, city atty (cases), office of municipal and CFI, convictions,
sheriff, Mla municipal court, report data on processes handled by
of chief of fire dept sheriff; operations of municipal
courts + race, sex of persons tried,
offenses, jutices of peace courts
(statement of business transacted),
fire dept (receipts/expenditures)
1903/Part 3 Report of Sec Commerce & Police, Data on districtwise turnover of
Taft, Wright, Luke constabulary operations, telegraphic scout-constabulary personnel,
division; appendices, districtwise telegraphic receipts & personnel,
reports on constabulary operations logistics, arrests/detentions/deaths,
(ic: ps) (turnover of scouts to constabulary; casualties etc, annual operational
disturbances, native contingent, statistics; operations of atty gen
american troops, justices of peace); office, courts of first instance (Mla
supplemental constabulary report ; + provinces)
annual report of Sec of Finance &
Justice (administrative problems,
legislation re: Supreme Court and
CFIs, state of other courts, atty gen
office, criminal code and civil
procedure)
1904/Part 1 Annual report of PC to Sec of War Judicial data: amount of pending
Wright, Luke (peace & order, use of constabulary suits in city atty office, cases,
cum scouts, friar lands, religious operations of sheriff Mla; Police
controversies, currency), reports of data: arrests (by sex, nationality,
(ic: ps) Law dept, office of the city atty, charges), value of confiscations,
prosecuting atty, municipal court, Mla police budget; city atty office
report of law clerck of exec bureau, operations, prosecuting atty,
report of office of governor of disposition of cases in CFI, sheriff
Albay (interesting case report in operations, change over time in
point of political, sociological, operational load, Mla court (fines,
social analysis); census operations operational data, cases, charged by
on the ground in Capiz, report of nationality/gender/discharged,
governor of Cavite (NB section on character of offenses, justice of
provincial jails and prisoners, peace courts (operational data);
municipal police, banditry; report of provincial officers fired etc, cases
governor of Cebu, Iloilo, Isabela against municipal officers/justices
(banditry, census), Negros of peace, appointments by
Occidental (cattle thieves, justice of commission + salaries
peace courts), Nueva Ecija,
Pampanga, Samar, Tayabas
1904/Part 3 Report of Dept of Commerce & Data on constabulary operations,
Wright Police (Constabulary and intelligence case reports, Ricarte
Intelligence, Bureau of Prisons), inssurection case, secret service
(ic: ps) Appendices (exhaustive provincial personnel, expansion of telegraphic
report operational logs). lines, receipt of ordnance stores
from US army, logistics, provincial
strenght of constabulary,
confiscation;

- Annual Report of Bureau of Bureau of Prison statistics


Prisons(good time prison reform & (financial statement, maintenance of
rationale) Report of Resident prisoners & costs, quantity & cost
Physician, Chaplains, of American and European

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Supplementary report of Bilibid prisoners, av cost/day, quantity and


Prison (7-8/1904; cost of native and Asiatic
Report of Sec of Finance & Justice prisoners/day/yr, q and costs for
(adm of justice, new legislation sick prisoners of all nationalities,
relating to courts,criminal code and comparative q +c for military
civil procedure, changes in court prisoners, Am vs natives,
personnel, atty gen office, movements in prison population in
crimes committed, courts, ages,
occupations (daily count, sex and
changes in prison pop., length of
sentences, q convicts, prisoner
education, known convictions,
domestic relations of prisoners,
charges, nativity, courts of
sentence, occupation prior crime, q
cases treated in Bilibid prison,
categories of diagnosed disease,
condition of prisoners’ deposit
funds, receipts & financial
statement for 7/1903-6/1904;

Annual Report of Atty Gen (exhibit Q cases pending in Supreme Court,


2)operational problems, discussion Q Supreme Court operations, CFI
precedent cases concerning eg Mla + provincialCFIs & courts of
double jeopardy principle, right of customs appeals, land registration
trial by jury** (case typology & q, costs received),
revenues
- Annual report of collector of
internal revenue
1905/V 10/Part 4 6th Annual Report (summary): Data on census costs, revenue from
Wright section on census, Phil. Assembly, exposition (disaggregated/village +
St Louis world fair, civil service, aggregated)
(ic: ps) captured insurgent records,
correspondence/records, visit of
congressional party to PI, law
officer, organisation/personnel

Annual Report of PC to Sec of War:


peace & order, industrial conditions,
administrative & tax reforms, friar
lands, religious controversies,
currency, Dingley tariff..public
lands, agricultural banks

Report of governor gen for 1905:


provincial gov., moro province, Mla
etc.

Exhibit A: 4th annual report of exec.


Sec. to governor gen.: bureau
personnel

3rd annual report of law clerk of Statistical data on: provincial


Exec. Bureau: legal duties, officers removed or resigned under
administrative duties, cases against charges, cases against municipal
officials, publications, duplications officers & justices & auxillary
(laws and reforms) justices of peace, q & nature of
charges against officials,
comparative data on business, print
requisitions

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Annual report of provincial


governors: political, administrative
(office force, changes and new
positions, constabulary, court of
first instance, sheriff, Sheriff data on Bilibid prisoners’
municipalities), financial, labor, upkee; Labor: current labor wages..
commerce & transport, social and
sociological (population, greater
population sustainable, Japanes
comparisons, large birth rate,
schools, civil service exams, clubs
& societies, Phil. Commission visit
to St Louis Expo, gov. students in
US, students at private expense in
US, local social intercourse,
personal property scarce, the poor
and charity, state instis for charity
needed, hospital, evil of drink.

Report of Governor (Ambos, Data on primary schools (q pupils);


Camarines): constabulary, public provincial jail (q cases, charges,
education, commerce & transport, changes in status)
manufactures…. provincial jail..

Report of Governor (Cagayan): Education statistics, financial


political, education statement

Report of Governor (Capiz): public Financial statement, agricultural


order, economic. harvest.

Report of Governor (Cavite): Statistics on finances, education,


summary conditions, agricultural & buildings (NB q American
industrial, roads, banditry, justices teachers)..
of peace, schools, cockfighting &
gambling, public hangings,
provincial finances, land tax,
municipal police, friar lands

Report of Governor (Cebu): taxes, Tax statistics, statistics on village


industrial, political condition, reconcentration (to resolve
public order (detailed report on the insurgency problem), police force.
org and mechanics of large scale
reconcentration), municipal police,
municipal & provincial gov.,

Report of Governor (Lepanto- Financial statement


Bontoc): new laws, public work,
financial, demographics, appended
reportof lieutenant governor of
Bontoc (headhunting and crime,
financial and industrial, This is a
white man’s country, religious)

Report of Governor (Leyte): Commercial and financial data


commercial, financial

Report of Governor (Negros Educational statistics


Occidental): politico-social
conditions, gambling and vagrancy,

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religious strife, education,


administration (public works,
treasuries, justice of peace courts,
municipal police), Economic
conditions.

Report of Governor (Negros Demographic statistics (q mortality)


Oriental): public administration,
health, administration of justice, Judicial statistics: q cases, criminal
provincial jail, municipal police, cases in CFI, cost of provincial
public education, commerce and penal establishment, q prisoners &
agriculture, political conditions. classiication, police personnel &
salaries; educational data on
enrolled students in public schools +
average attendance, commercial
data.

Report of Governor (Nueva Ecija):


general, economic, political
conditions.

Report of Governor (Pampanga): Demographic data (Deaths, Births),


general conditions, provincial jail, educational personnel (nationality &
health, education, commerce, gender), police personnel &
industry, agriculture, municipal salaries, provincial financial
police, recommendations (cockpits, statement
salary reduction of officials).

Report of Governor (Pangasinan), Financial statistics (budget and


agriculture, industry, financial and expenditures)
economic conditions..

Report of Governor (Romblon)

Report of Governor (Samar):


municipalities, public instruction,
constabulary, police, health,
finances, public works ..

Report of Governor (Tayabas): Educational statistics, balance sheet,


gneral conditions, public public works labor expenditures and
instruction, financial conditions, infrastructural projects, judicial
public works, judicial department, statistics (q cases)..
communication, agriculture,
industry, trade, health..

Report of Governor (Manila): Fire dept financial statement,


Police dept., secret service bureau, infrastructural projects, operational
law dept (city & prosecuting attys, costs of road roller + labor, city
municipal court, sheriff, justice of quarry (class of labor, q employed
peace courts, fire dept., dept of & rate)
assessment and collections, prison
labor in public works, city quarry;
appended report of Chief of Police, Salaries of police personel, changes
personnel, receipts of dept., police in personnel (nationality), value and
summary court, police fund, deaths, class of confiscated property,
uniform, arrests, entries of found precinct-wise data on total salary
and confiscated property, expenses, deficiency estimate,
accountability, complaints, transfers within dept (q arrests),
precincts reports, mounted secret service bureau (q arrests &

13
14

detachment, health of dept., secret charges, nationality, gender, total,


service bureau, office work, Phil. amounts of lost and stolen
Constabulary, gambling, transfers property/money recovered); City
within dept.; appended reports of atty (summary of work performed,
Law Dept.: city atty, Sheriff, prosecutions, disposition of cases in
municipal court of Mla, regisrar of CFI & municipal court, sheriffs
deeds, justice of peace courts office: q & class of transactions),
registrar of deeds statement of
operations & comparative revenues,
business transactions of justice of
peace courts.

Civil Service Reform and Evolution


of Good Government (W Washburn
chairman of civil service board):
discusses comparative evolution,
perception and praxes of modern
colonial governance, demand for
civil service reform in US, problems
of implementation, current state of
advocacy and support of reform
movement, competetive
examination in PI, criticisms of
Phil. civil service, comparative
colonial service conditions, value of
preparation and training for colonial
service, necessity for continuity of
service.. what impact climate and
health conditions have on colonial
occupation.

1905/Part 4 Report of Secretary of Finance & Data on net earnings of ice plant,
Wright Justice (administration of justice, interal revenue collections
justice of peace system, court of
custom appeals, court of land
(ic: ps) registration, criminal code and code
of civil procedure, changes in court
personnel, atty general’s office,
insular cold storage, Dingley Tariff
and Shipping Bill, Japanese &
Chinese immigration, opium
importations, internal revenue law
and corresponding amendments,
org. of BIR, collections under law.

Report of Atty Gen. Exhibit #1, Judicial statistics: Supreme Court


Bureau of Justice summary report transactions and state of docket, CFI
and other courts (provincial courts,
court of land registration, customs
appeals: cases/state of docket), court
clerk report on cash received);
Justice bureau statistics on
performance.
1905/V 12/Part 3 Report of Dept of Commerce and Prison statistics (q, gender of
Wright Police: constabulary and state of prisoners)
law & order, engineering, coast
(ic: ps) guard and transport, Bilibid Prison,
Malahi Island military prison,
Iuhuit prison settlement, port works.

14
15

Annual Report of Chief of Constabulary statistics: comparative


Constabulary (appendix A): operational data, casualties and
conditions in Samar, scouts, deaths, officers and enlisted men.
officers, denunciation of
constabulary, American troops,
municipal police, cost of
constabulary; districtwise log of
special events;

Report of commanding officers, 1st , Statistics on literacy, operational


2nd, 3rd , 4th, 5th districts: summary, data of scouts, work accomplished,
subdivision of information, captured, surrendered and
clothing, subsistence, transport, recovered, mortality, municipal
barracks/quarters, schools, medical police operational data, record of
and telegraph division, target actual encounters
practice, torture of victims, religious
question, municipal police, study of
native dialects, animal stealing and
false registration, personnel of
constabulary officers and pay,
scouts, municipal police, telegraphic
messages (provides window into
US-native encounter and cultural
differences (Bandholtz, CO of
constabulary)

Report, provisional district


(Cavite): banditry, bandit
hierarchy, method of attack and
defense, bandit successes, policy
pursued, regular troops assist, writ
of habeas corpus suspended,
wearing down of bandit bands.

Report of chief supply officer,


constabulary; Extract from report of
superintendent information division,
constabulary.

Annual Report of Bureau of Prisons


(Appendix E):
Bilibid Prison (population, Penal data: amounts earned by
maintenance, discipline, prisoners for which no authority has
manufactures, recommendations) been made.
Iuhuit Penal settlement, Albay,
Overton, Malahi Island, Fort Prison statistical tables (Tabulated
William McKinley, San Lazaro statements showing movements in
Hospital.. (picture of prison band, prison population relative to crimes
tailor shop, sales room, Bilibid committed, courts, ages,
Prison); Report of resident occupations, etc:
physician, chaplains -Daily count of prisoners at year’s
end.
-Sex and changes in prison pop.
-Changes in pop relative to length of
sentence.
-Convicts punished
-Educational accomplishment of
prisoners.
-Know number of convictions.

15
16

-Domestic relations.
-Changes relative to crimes.
-Nativity (place of origin) of
prisoners.
-Changes relative to sentencing
court.
-Occupations prior to crime.
-Age
-Signaletic records
-Financial statistics (appropriation
account, miscellaneous receipts,
amounts due for prisoner
maintenance, q & cost of native &
Asiatic prisoners’ subsistence +
average cost/day, q & cost of
American & European prisoners’
subssistence, q & cost for sick
prisoners of all nationalities +
average cost per ration, q & cost of
native prisoners at Albay, Camp
Overton Mindanao, Fort Mckinley
Rizal, Mariveles, Inhuit Settlement,
Paragua; q & costs of American
prisoners at Inhuit, Paragua,
Summary: Total cost and q rations
furnished under separate divisions
of prisoners to settlements and
convict camps, q & cost of
subsistence stores by depot
commissary for native military
prisoners at Malahi Island, for
American military prisoners,
condition of prisoners’ deposit
funds: on hand, received, expended
and balance.
-Health statistics: Hospital A:
according to nationality, gender,
rates of recovery and mortality;
Hospital B: according to prisoner’s
number and class, weight &
microscopic examination of sputum
both on admission and date of
discharge, death or remaining,
disposition and time in hospital;
cases of tuberculosis, medical report
from road camps at Albay, Inhuit
Settlement, Palawan, monthly report
of sick and wounded at Inhuit,
Palawan; general summary of cases
treated in 12 months, no. of
prisoners and disease suffered by
those returned to Bilibid prison for
treatment.
1906/Part 1 Annual Report of Phil. Commission
outgoing: Wright to Sec of War: summary of political
incoming: Ide, Henry Clay conditions, law and order, Moro
province, elections, executive
clemency, industrial conditions, Financial data (surplus/deficit of
(ic: ps) currency, financial state, Mla treasury)
harbor, administration of justice,

16
17

religious controversies, friar lands,


postal savings bank, opium law,
Dingley tariff, recommendations.

Report of Executive Secretary:


transportation of vagrants and
destitute Americans, government
officials, employees and native
students, pardons, extradition, law Statistics on pardons
clerk, cases against provincial and
municipal officials, municipal and
provincial elections, appointments,
qualified voters, important acts, Harvest volume as result of locust
provincial and municipal destruction
governments, relations between
prov and municipal authorities,
peace and order (Cavite, Bulacan,
Pampanga & Tayabas), caciquism,
political and religious factions,
economic and financial conditions,
non-Christian tribes.

Annual reports of provincial


governors (Exhibit 1)
-Albay: agriculture, commerce, Comparative statistics on production
economics, finances, public health of hemp (Albay, Mla, Cebu: 1861-
and sanitation, political conditions, 1905) in picul.
public buildings, natural resources,
state of order, camp Daraga, land
tax … public instruction,
description of Bicols
-Ambos Camarines: similar rubrics Demographic, penal statistics
+ provincial jail
-Antique: provincial gov (personnel
& expenses)
-Batangas: political conditions and Health statistics
ibid.
-Bulacan: ibid.
-Cavite: ibid. + banditry, Data on provincial debts, education
infrastructural projects, municipal
police, insular police, cockpits.
-Cebu: ibid. + provincial &
municipal administration, police &
communication (public order) …
moral progress & material
improvements,visit of secretary of
war, justice & politics.
-Isabela: ibid + provincial
government, schools, police, justice
of peace courts, crime, non-
Christian tribes.
-La Laguna: ibid Data on commerce, volume & value
of copra shipments, taxes, factories,
coconut oil, tobacco, mines

-Occidental Negros: ibid Data on remaining amount of land


tax, balances

-Oriental Negros: ibid Data on public health


(vaccinations/gender, age,

17
18

municipality), mortality, agricultural


production

-Palawan: ibid
-Rizal: ibid. + reorganisation of
municipal police, urgent necessities
(for provincial building to house
jail)
-Samar: ibid. + municipal
governments, Pulahanism, jail &
prisoners, police & volunteers,
constabulary, army.
-Tayabas: ibid. Data on agricultural production, q
cattle branded, natural resources
1906/Part 2 Report of Sec of Commerce & Data on imports/exports, gross
outgoing: Wright Police: commerce, changes in dept., earnings
incoming: Ide, Henry Clay Bureau of Constabulary (org, cost,
force, scouts, districts 1-5,
(ic: ps) municipal police, absence of chief..

Report of director of constabulary Data on casualties


(Exhibit A): districtwise summaries
on peace conditions (districts 1-5),
chief supply officer, cost of
constabulary, casualties, student
officer’s course, schedule of
instruction for enlisted men,
circulars, scouts, American troops,
municipal police, relations of
constabulary to people.

Appendices: Report of district


director (1st district): peace
conditions, bandit bands at large,
special events; (2nd , 3rd, 4th, 5th
districts)

Report of chief supply officer


1906/Part 3 Report of Sec of Finance & Justice:
outgoing Ide, Henry Clay Adminstration Justice, Justice of
incoming: Smith, James F peace system, court of land
registration, criminal code & civil
(ic: ps) procedure, changes in personnel of
court, destruction of court building
at Tarlac, Atty Gen Office.. liquor
licences in Mla, Opium Law, City
of Mla.

Report of Atty General (Exhibit 1): Judicial statistics: clerk report on


Work of courts (Supreme Court, business of Supreme court, CFI in
CFIs and other courts, Mla + provinces, court of land
administration of estates of registration, justice of the peace
deceased employees), changes in courts, office of atty general, q
the office, expenses of witnesses in estates administered, transactions of
criminal cases, court of land court of land registration
registration (exhibit C)

Report of Collector of Internal Tax and Internal Revenue data: total


Revenue: miscellaneous (opium collections (by source of revenue,
taxes receipts, %total, estimated receipts

18
19

next yr), tax refunds, opium taxes,


delinquency charges & forfeitures,
statement of reported collections,
statement of city of Mla taxes,
Collections (July 1906)

Report of Municipal Board: Police Data on: q prisoners arrested and


dept (health, police fund, charges, processions & festivals +
confiscated, found and stolen total q of police used, court
property, prisoners, processions, transactions and business at
cooperation with constabulary, different levels (SC-jpc)
consolidation & transfer of stations,
longevity pay); Law dept (office of
city atty, prosecuting atty,
municipal cort, courts of justices of
peace, sheriff of Mla, fire dept.

Report of Director of Prisons Penal statistics: distribution of


(Exhibit C): Bilibid Prison prisoners at various prisons,
(maintenance, discipline, health, products aised at Iwahig
industries, religious functions,
Hospital B, Iwahig penal colony,
Camp Overton, Ligtong prison
quarries, San Lazaro Hospital
1907/Part 1 Annual Report of Phil Commission
Smith, James F to Sec of War: changes in
commission, peace and order,
(ic: ps) matters affecting provinces and
municipalities (extension of
autonomy to provincial
governments, land tax, internal
revenue, municipal improvements),
Philippine Assembly (call for
popular assembly, representation in
assembly, qualifications of
delegates, the first elections, Statistical data: votes by province
convening of Assembly, Acts and political party, Assembly
passed by Commission), Dingley delegates/party affiliations, budget
Tariff, bonded and other debts of for year 1908, appropriations, sugar,
government, firearms, cigar, cigarettes, all other tobacco
transportation of gov officials t/f exports….
USA, pardons, charges against
provincial and municipal officials,
elections & election law, law of
Moro province,, diseases of animals
& pests, public order, consular
corps, police dept, fire dept Cost of police dept, fire dept

Report of Exec Sec (deportaion of Statistical tables:


vagrants and destitute Americans, -natives and Americans in
pardons, extradition requisitions, provincial and municipal offices.
law division, cases against -registration for municipal elections
provincial and municipal officials, (by province, office, property,
appointments, provincial & educational office/property,
municipal elections, qualified property/educational qualifications,
voters, elections & election law, persons qualifying as electors,
registration under new law, electors actually voting, total
convention of assembly, protested civilised population per census
elections, division of archives, 1903)
patents, copyrights and trade-marks, -registration for election of

19
20

official gazette, Philippine Reports, delegates (province, districts, total)


records division, locut plague, -total vote cast by province &
reports of provincial governors in parties
comparative provincial tables (by
agriculture, diseases of animals and
pests, public order, public health &
sanitation.

Reports of provincial governors: Provincial statistics:


-Albay (agriculture, commerce, -Albay: cash balances, total cost of
economics, finances, public health road maintenance + cost/mile
& sanitation, political conditions,
public buildings, publik works,
natural resources, state of order,
fusion, public instruction.
-Ambos Camarines: similar rubrics -Ambos Camarines: receipts &
(ibid) + provincial jail disbursements
-Batangas: ibid. -Batangas: provincial treasury
collections
-Bohol: ibid. -Bohol: financial statement
-Bulacan: ibid. + see political
conditions
-Cagayan: ibid. + see political -Cagayan: financial conditions
conditions, administration &
progress
-Cavite: ibid. + see political -Cavite: statement of provincial &
conditions municipal funds
-Negros Occidental: ibid. + see -Negros Occidental: balance sheet
public order, politics.
-Negros Oriental: ibid.
-Rizal: ibid. + see political situation, -Rizal: financial report
public instruction

Report of Municipl Board, Mla: -Mla: police salaries & wages


police dept, secret service bureau, (1906/1907), operational data on
law dept (city, prosecuting atty, prosecuting atty, municipal court,
municipal court, registrar of deeds, appropriations & expenditures of
justice of the peace, sheriff, fire fire dept.
dept.
1907/Part 2 Report of director of constabulary
Smith, James F (Appendix A): peace conditions
(district 1-5 reports), chief supply
(ic: ps) officer, municipal police, officers,
list of towns occupied in PI
-District 1 report: peace conditions, District statistics:
religion & politics, outlaws, special
events, municipal police..
-District 2: present peace
conditions, religious & political
conditions as affecting peace,
special events, municipal police,
arms, equipment, uniform &
subsistence of constabulary..
-District 3: territorial extent, -District 3: demographic data (area,
distribution of constabulary, population (civilised, wild) & total),
military garrisons-scouts, special deployment of men,
events-peace conditions, babaylan
or pulahan, religious & political
conditions, municipal police, wild
tribes, constabulary organisation

20
21

abd equipment.
-District 4: ibid. + constabulary, -District 4: company strenght
conditions in provinces, conclusion
(cattle stealing
-District 5: peace conditions, -District 5: occupied bldgs & value
situation in provinces, summary of
special events, uprisings,
engagements (monthly log),
municipal police, transport and
logistics, medical organisation,
scouts

Report of superintendent, -financial operations of chief supply


constabulry school, chief supply office, cost of constabulary hospital,
officer (paymaster: duties, transfers, patient diseases, deaths among
payrolls, payments, correspondence, enlisted men + average native death
changes, stage line, hospitals, health rate.

1907/Part 3 Report of Sec of Finance & Justice: Judicial statistics:


Smith, James F -business of CFIs at district level
-Bureauof Justice, the judiciary (SC, (by district, q civil/criminal cases,
(ic: ps) CFI Mla, CFIs outside Mla, fees and fines.
changes, court of land registration, -busines transacted via court of land
office of atty general (general work, registration (sessions, q cases,
administration of estates of applications filed)
deceased employees, personnel) -Atty. General’s office:
administration of estates (name of
decendant, date of death, bureau to
which employed), names of
decendants whose estates subject to
escheat + place and dates of death.

-Bureau of Treasury (banks & Data on immigration (by nationality,


banking, cost of customs collection, arrived/departed)
immigration, merchant marine)

-Bureau of Intrernal Revenue Data on total revenue collections


(collections) (1907/08), summary of collections
(by province 1907), comparative
statement of total collections 1905-
07.

Report of Atty General (Exhibit 1): Judicial statistics:


work of courts (SC, CFI Mla & -court of land registration: q
provinces, provincial fiscals, justice applications/province, q sessions in
of peace courts, court of land Mla & provinces, q cases decreed,
registration, adminstration of estates denied, dismissed, pending etc.
of deceased employees -office of atty general: operational
data
-admnistration of estates of
deceased employees (names of
decendants, date, place of death)
(op cit Atty Gen above same
column)
Report of Insular collector of
customs (Opium, chinese Data on immigration:
immigration, minor children & -application of merchant papers
reflections on labor question) -Chinese population
-passengers arrived at and departed

21
22

from Phil (by nationality)


-statement of immigrants arrived at
all ports in PI
-statement of passengers departing
for foreign ports from all ports in PI
-statement of opium imported into
Report of collector of internal PI
revenue.
-City of Mla (real state tax)

Report of Acting director of prisons,


Dept of public instruction, bureau Penal statistics:
of prisons: distribution of prisoners, -prisoners in charge of bureau of
Bilibid prison, maintenance, prisons other than provincial
subsistence, discipline, health, prisoners.
Iwahig penal colony, industrial -prison population and changes,
division, provincial prisons Bilibid Prison
-report of superintendent of Iwahig -average per capita cost of prisoner
Penal Colony (progress of colony (by nationality)
1906-07, farming, roads, forestry, -rank percentage of improvement of
construction, transport, serving, prisoner conduct (class 1-3 %)
health divisions, subsistence, stock -net profit of prison labor, industrial
farm, outlying stations, conduct of division
colonists, police force, remarks -**ommited statistics (see list)
-Iwahig Penal Colony: movement of
colonists, q colonists with time to
serve; health data on death
rate/1000, % daily strenght sick, q
animal stock

1908/Part 3, 2 Annual Report of Phil Commission Data: allotments for school


Smith, James F to Sec of War: construction, tax income,
-changes in commission, legislation, comparative statement of per capita
(ic: ps) railroads, school bldgs, peace and taxation and debt of PI (23
order condition, financial, Louisiana countries, with PI showing lowest
purchase exposition medals & figures), electoral data/province,
diplomas, pardons, extradition, party, registered voters etc.
elections…
-police dept (police force, salaries & -Police data: salaries and wages,
wages ..) arrests (by crime, nationality),
financial statement, receipts,
expenditures
-fire dept: causes of fires, total loss
-fire dept from fires, expenditures.

-law dept -law dept: receipts & expenditures


-bureau of constabulary (cost, force, -constabulary: salary scale,
progress during year, municipal summary of operations (firearms,
police, peace conditions districts 1- stolen animals captured/recovered,
5, railroads, legislation patrols, miles covered, convictions,
desertions)
-distribution of railroad construction

Report of Acting Director of


Constabulary (Districts 1-5)
District reports according to rubrics: District statistics:
-peace -casualties
-political and religious conditions
-economic
-pagan tribes & Moros

22
23

-municipal police
-provision for diability cases among
officers
-supply dept.
-officers and enlisted men
Report of other supply officer:
-duties
-medical division -cost of maintenance of medical div.
Exclusive of salaries, total number
-pay division of admission to hospitals for all
-property accounting division causes (q days lost in hispital, in
quarters, deaths of officers &
soldiers), cost of maintenance
-pay division’s financial statement
-property accounting div:
expenditures
-chief of supply office, -financial statements/division
quartermasters, ordnance,
commissary divisions

District Reports (1-5): in-depth District statistics


reports (compare with above in this -District 3: demographics (civilised,
column) with ff headings: wild tribes)
-peace conditions -District 5: outlaw bands still
-political, religious, economic operating in Lanao
conditions
-special events
-constabulary,
-medical org
-supplies
-transport
-municipal police
-conclusion and recommendations

Report of Director of Prisons Penal statistics:


(exhibit D)
-distribution of prisoners -prison population of various prison
stations
-Bilibid prison -Bilibid prison: population and
-maintenance change therein
-subsistence -cost of subsistence of prisoners
-discipline -discipline: 3 grade conduct scale &
-improvements and repairs, %
religious functions, health
-Iwahig penal colony (farming -Iwahig: changes in colonist
division, division of outstations, population, subsistence costs of
families, forestry division, transport, colonists,
roads, serving, executive, health
divisions, subsistence, conduct of -**see ommited statistics!
colonists and discipline (5 grade
conduct scale), principles of colony)
-provincial prisons
-chaplains report

1909/Part 1 Annual Report of Phil. Commission


outgoing: Smith, James F to Sec of War:
incoming: Forbes, Cameron W -important legislation
-changes in commission
(ic: ps) -tariff relations with US
-trade conditions

23
24

-peace & order


-religious controversies
-justice
-sanitary matters
-insanity
-tuberculosis
-Iwahig Penal Colony
-friar lands -sale of friar lands collection
-locust
-education
-recommendations

Report of governor general


-conditions of public order
-strikes
-commerce

Report of Exec. Sec. -statistics on pardons


-extradition proceedings
-pardons
-passports, cablegrams, transport,
contracts for government
advertising
-elections -data on special elections
(municipal, provincial, delegates to
Assembly, total)
-new legislation affecting provincial
and municipal government
-provincial and municipal affairs
-financial conditions of provincial -provincial governments financial
& municipal governments statement, tax remission to certain
-loans to provincial and municipal provinces
governments
-public works
-nationality of official personnel -nationalities of provincial &
municipal officials (% total);
-Official Gazette

Report of sec of interior:


-diseases
-suicide
-cure of opium habit

Report of Sec of Commerce & -rice importation 1899-1909 (in


Police pesos)
-Bureau of Constabulary (change in
personnel, strenght, operations,
Davao mutiny, condition of order,
Bulacan experiment, reduction in
force, constabulary school, scouts,
municipal police, better transport
needed, railroads

Report of Sec of Finance & Justice: Judicial statistics:


-Judiciary (SC, CFI Mla, provincial -annual collection by various courts
CFIs, justice of peace courts) -operational data on business of
justice of peace courts
-Bureau of Justice (Office of Atty
Gen, laws affecting judiciary and
civil procedure, crime in the

24
25

Philippines

-Bureau of Treasury -treasury, financial statement


-Opium taxes -summary of operations under
Opium Law (1908:criminalisaton of
opium sale and consumption other
than for medicinal purposes)
-Bureau of Prisons: maintenance, Penal statistics:
improvements, Iwahig Penal -distribution of prisoners/institution
Colony, industrial division, -provincial distribution of prisoners
proposed legislation -changes in Bilibid prison
population (commitments, transfers,
releases, deaths etc)
-recividism
1910/Part 1 Report of Phil.Commission:
Forbes -imports/exports
-peace/order
(ic: ps) -justice
-land registration
-general hospital, tuberculosis,
lepers, medical conference
-Iwahig penal colony
-friar lands -friar lands: yearly collections
(1906-1910); progress in surveys in
leases and sales.
-locusts
-education,
-visit of sec of war
-constabulary
-recommendations -comparative per capita debt/interest
-strikes, railroads, irrigation data (13 countries)
-deportation of Chinese

Report of Exec. Sec.:


-legislation enacted by second Phil
legislature, special session affecting
executive bureau
-extradition proceedings
-pardons -Data on pardons
-passports, cablegrams, transport,
contracts for government ads
-elections -Data on general elections by
province for delegates to Phil
Assembly
-appointments & removals -Data on appointments & removals,
q officers tried, found guilty/not
guilty
-new legislation affecting provincial
& municipal govs.
-provincial & municipal affairs
-provincial finances
-municipal government finance &
taxation
-loans to provinces & municipalities -provincial and municipal officer by
-creation of new municipalities nationality and rank

Report of Sec of Finance & Justice:


-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla & Judicial statistics:
provinces, court of land registration, -Status of cases at court of land
justice of peace courts registration and justice of peace

25
26

-Bureau of Justice courts


-Bureau of Treasury -Financial statement, distribution of
balance, interest collected
-opium -summary of operations under Opim
Law

Report of Sec of Public Instruction:


-Bureau of Prisons Penal statistics:
(prison population, maintenance, -changes in prison population,
educational work, improvements Bilibid.
Iwahig Penal Colony, proposed law -recividism

Special Report of Sec of War (as a


result of recent visit to PI)
-Itinerary
-Phil Independence
-law and order
-legislative assembly, education,
constabulary, friar lands
-filipinization of public service -comparative data on civil service
-animal diseases, roads, lepers by nationality, salaries paid and
-lands occupied for army purposes average salaries;%increase/decrease
-Penal institutions (penal colony, of officers by nationality
prisons)
-financial condition -conditions of finances, total bonded
indebtedness
-Agricultural bank, railroads -data on trade, valueof imported
-exports/imports commodities (total and US share)
-health & sanitation -demographic data (pop of Mla
1903/1910, census/health dept.
census), death rate/nationality, q
effect of disease and injury on US
troops serving at home and abroad
compared to corresponding data for
the year 1908 by countries/1000.
-hotel, hospital in Mla, fodder,
agricultural college
-government of PI
-recommendations

Letter of the Nacionalista Party


(Appendix C to special report
above): this is a critical letter which
presents arguments in favor of
independence; provides a window
into contending native perspective
on tutelage and self-
governmentality
-Section headings:
I (Capacity for self-government,
type of popular government,
consent of the governed, Phil.
Constitution, conditions which -data on public schools, monthly
prevailed under revolutionary attendance.
government, opening of hostilities)
II (Capacity of Filipinos shown
during American control, public
order, love for and progress for
public instruction, exercise of
suffrage, org of political parties,

26
27

provinces & municipalities,


Philippine magistrates and judges,
native employees subject to civil
service, Phil. Assembly)
III (Alleged obstacles to
Independence: disorder and chaos,
ignorance as a menace to order,
caciquism & oligarchy, relations
between Christians & non-
Christians, little political
experience)
IV (Obstacles to independent
retention of islands preparatory to
independence, contrary opinions
and positions, harmony and good
understanding made difficult,
difficulties in administration,
political economy, unsuitable
legislation, little practical education,
inequality in the civil service,
government of non-Christian
people) Signum: Osmena

Appendix G Statistics on personnel of colonial


bureaucracy (by agency, year,
nationality, total, %total for 1903-
10)
1911 Annual Report of Phil Commission
Forbes to Sec of War:
-legislation (exclusive legislative
(ic: ps) jurisdiction + as chamber of Phil
legislature
-resident commissioners
-commercial development
-evidence of commercial and
financial activity, finances -financial statement of receipts and
-peace & order expenditures
-railroads
-justice
-land registration, health, education
-Philippine constabulary
-recommendations (bonded -comparative table on debt per
indebtedness, scouts, constabulary, capita + per capita interest in 13
railroad bonds, education, mining, countries
land laws, homesteads, land titles,
qualification of electores for
delegates, naturalisation

Report of Governor General:


-2nd Philippine Legislature -financial statement (resources &
-Assembly resolution requesting a liabilities)
constitution be granted
-exec bureau
-health conditions, education, land
registration, director of agriculture,
rinderpest, irrigation
-civil service -civil service: table showing q and
-strikes, insular auditor, university % of Americans/Filipinos in civil
of Phil. service (1903-11); comparison of
-provincial governments American and native officers and

27
28

-city of Mla employees with permanent status in


service and salaries paid.
Report of Exec Sec:
-extradition proceedings
-pardons -data on pardons: petitions, cases
-passports, cablegrams, contracts for consiered, pending
government ads
-elections -electoral statistics: officials elected,
municipal, legislature levels;
-appointments -data on appointments by gov
-removals general, commission, declination,
-provincial & municipal affairs resignation, eliefs, removals, deaths.
-charges against municipal officials
and action taken
-% of total American and Filipino
provincial and municipal officers
(1903-11)

-provincial finances -provincial statement of revenues


and disbursements for fiscal yr

Report of Sec of Commerce &


Police:
-Constabulary (personnel, strenght,
quarantine service, jail and road
reports, barracks and quarters,
transport, pension and retirement,
salaries and rank, firearms,
legislation)
-Bureau of Public Works
(personnel, general, provincial
division..)

Report of Sec of Finance and Judicial statistics:


Justice: -dramatic rise in CFI cases
-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla and compelled holding special terms at
provinces,court of land registration, other than regular places for holding
justice of peace courts) court + orders issued directing
-Bureau of Justice judges to act in various districts (2
tables)
-business transacted by court of land
registration.
-business transactions by justice of
peace courts (criminal and civil
cases), costs, fees, fines collected
Bureau of treasury -treasury’s financial statement

Bureau of Prisons Penal statistics:


-Bilibid prison -prison and distribution of
-maintenance population
-subsistence -changes in population, Bilibid
-health, schools -subsistence cost: daily average per
-industrial division capita cost for American, European,
-provincial prisons native prisoners.
-Iwahig penal colony
1912 Annual Report of Phil Commission
Forbes to Sec of War:
-legislation
(ic: ps) -commercial dev. -exports (hemp, copra, sugar, cigars)
-commerce & finance value, %total

28
29

-gold standard funds act -trade with foreign countries & US


-public order
-strikes, health conditions
-justice
-use of english language, publicity
-provincial governments
-bureau of civil service

Report of Exec Sec:


-govvernment intervention in rice
market, household industries,
-elections -election statistics (3 tables)
-statistics on removals from office,
causes, etc
-provincial, municipal & township -provincial officers (natives,
personnel Americans); municipal and
-provincial and municipal affairs township officers (natives,
(legislation, reports of provincial Americans + %)
governors, provincial finances)
-extradition proceedings
-pardons -pardon statistics
-passports, cablegrms, transport,
contracts for government ads

**pictures of Ifugao constabulary


forces + stone schoolhouse built by
Ifugao boys

Report of Sec of Commerce and


Police:
-Bureau of constabulary (personnel, -medical division (operational data:
strenght, medical division, peace cases treated etc.)
and order, barracks and quarters, -pensions of constabulary personnel
pension and retirement,
filipinsation, municipal police,
firearms
-Bureau of Public works

Report of Sec of Finance and Judicial statistics:


Justice: -orders issued for holding special
-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla and terms at other than the regular
provinces, court of land registration) places for holding court + orders
-Cost of maintaining the judiciary issued directing judges to act in
and code committee various districts.
-justice of peace courts -business transacted by court of land
registration
Bureau of Justice -cost of judiciary & code committee
-prosecution of crimes and work of -business transacted by all courts
provincial fiscals
-license taxes
-banks and bankers and insurance -insurance revenues
companies
-ceduals personales, San Lazaro
Estate rentals
-opium
-publicity fund

Bureau of Prisons Penal statistics


-cost of maintenance -Average daily cost per prisoner by
-Bilibid prison nationality

29
30

-provincial prisons
-Iwahig Penal Colony
1913 Annual Report of Phil. Commission
outgoing: Forbes to Sec of War:
incoming: Harrison, Francis B -legislation, trade, commerce and -Trade statistics (with US and
business foreign countries); business (in
(ic: ps) pesos) upon which internal revenue
Report of Governor Gen.: percentage tax is levied.
-third Phil. Legislature, finances
(revenues, receipts, internal
revenue, gold standard fund surplus,
expenditures, guaranteed railroad
bonds, public improvements) -financial statement
-allotment of current expenses of
govenment
-public order
-labor conditions, health and
sanitation, railroads
-justice
-Phil library
-executive bureau
-provincial and municipal govs -chief sources of provincial income
-bureau of civil service

Report of Exec Sec:


-redistribution of population and
promotion of rice cultivation
-special agents
-finances -condensed general balance sheet-
-request for relief provinces, increase in fixed assets
-miscellaneous division
-petitions for pardon
-executive orders
-registration of title
-elections -Appointments, charges against
officials and action taken,
applications for pardon and action
taken, violations of election law, q
and nationality of provincial,
municipal and township officers, q
& nationality of provincial officers,
q & nationality of municipal and
township officers, removal and
nature of charges of public officials
Report of Sec of Commerce and
Police:
-Bureau of Constabulary (personnel,
strenght, medical division, peace &
order districtwise, political
conditions, barracks and quarters,
municipal police, pension and
retirement, firearms, cost

Report of Sec of Finance & Justice: Judicial statistics:


-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla and -special terms of court authorised to
provinces, court of land registration, be held at places other than the
justice of peace courts) regular places, orders directing
regular judges to act in other
districts
-Bureau of Justice -Bureau of Justice summary of legal

30
31

work
-provincial fiscals
-banks and insurance companies -total amount of insurance (1911-
12) based on taxes paid.
-opium
-franchise taxes, San Lazaro estate
rentals, publicity fund.
Report of Sec of Public Instruction:
-Bureau of Prisons Penal statistics:
-cost of maintenance -total average per capita at Bilibid
Prison and other prisons by
nationality
-Bilibid Prison (industrial division,
education, religious services, health
and sanitation)
-provincial prisons
Iwahig Penal Colony
-habitual criminals

-Bureau of Printing
1914 Annual Report of Phil. Commission
Harrison to Sec of War:
-legislation (by commission, as
(ic: ps) chamber in legislature, bills failing
of passage originated in comm. &
assembly)
-recommendations

Report of Gov Gen:


-changes in personnel -civil service record showing
-work of bureaus and offices separations of Americans from
-public utilities commssion service 1903-1915 (q & % of q)
-Dept of Commerce and Police
-Phil Constabulary
-Bureau of Public Works, Printing,
Library, Dept of Mindanao and Sulu
-Phil Bill
-US Army, Navy
-Neutrality, Consular Corps

Report of Sec of Interior


-Dept personnel, morale, public
hearings and consultation wih
citizens, complaints of citizens
-work of delegate for non-Christian
people (creation of office of
delegate, supervision, spirit of
cooperation, Mt Province
(personnel, peace and order,
constabulary, public works and
trails)

Report of Sec of Commerce and


Police:
-Bureau of Constabulary (pension -Officers and employees of bureau,
fund, peace conditions by district) change in personnel excluding
-municipal police officers and enlisted men, q
American and Filipino officers and
employees + salary expenditures,
strenght of enlisted force.

31
32

Report of Sec of Commerce and


Police:
-Bureau of Constabulary -ibid.
-peace and order -report of medical division (cases
-constabulary activities treated etc)
-health conditions -statement of accounts, assets and
-constabulary academy liabilities
-municipal police -summary of licenses issued by
-recommendations constabulary chief to possess or
carry firearms
-arms in hand of municipal police
-hospital report (cases, deaths etc),
diseases causing largest no. of
admissions to hospital and quarters
Report of Sec of Finance and
Justice: Judicial statistics:
-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla and -summary of work of court of land
provinces, court of land registration, registration, business transacted,
justice of peace courts summary report of work since
organisation of court (1903-1913)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel) -legal work of bureau
-Bureau of Treasury -balance sheet

-Opium -Opium: summary of operations


under Opium Law
Report of Finance and Justice
-Judiciary (SC, CFI Mla and Judicial statistics:
provinces, court of land registration, -summary of business in CFI Mla
justice of peace courts)
-Bureau of Justice -summary of legal work, bureau of
justice
-administration of estates -funds, estates of deceased
employees

-Bureau of Treasury -financial statement, balance sheet


-banks and bankers, insurance insurance
companies, franchsie taxes, income
tax
-Opium -summary of operations under
-legislation Opium Law

-Bureau of Prisons Penal statistics:


-Bilibid Prison -prison population of PI
-Maintenance, religious services,
industrial division
-provincial prisons
-school work, improvements, health
-Iwahig Penal Colony -colony population

Report of Sec of Public Instruction -comparative table on q convictions


-general statement for serious and most frequent
-Bilibid Prison (q prisoners, offenses (1913-14)
maintenance, industrial division,
school, improvements and repairs
-provincial prisons
-Iwahig Penal Colony
-Report of Dept of Mindanao and
Sulu (Prisons, disciplinary control,
finance.. NB missing page after p
357)

32
33

1915 Annual Report of Phil. Commission


Harrison to Sec of War:
-change of personnel
(ic: ps) -sessions of commission
-legislation
-appointments Data on appointments
-appropriations
-character of legislation
-primary schools
-immunization of cattle, reorg of
library, mutual issuance of work
animals, sugar central, purchase of
Mla railroad, tonnage dues on
vessels, regulating sponge fisheries
-civil service employees’ retirement
-infant industry subvention, coconut
products board
-inheritance tax, pearl fishery
-constabulary academy
-Phil National Bank
-tobacco inspection, conservatory of
music, handicraft products, infant
mortality,
-usury law
-adminstrative code
-general conditions

Appendix: lists of Acts concerning


Moros and non-Christian tribes

Report of Gov Gen:


-personnel
-operations of government for 1915
(exec bureau, bureau of civil
service, lands, science, forestry, Phil
Constabulary, public works, bureau
of posts, justice, customs, prisons,
supply, City of Mla

Appendix: Second Annual Report


of Sec of Interior
-Mt Province (personnel, agri and
industrial development, clothing, Judicial statistics:
housing, calamities, peace & order, -comparative table on court cases in
org of townships, population) Mt province, 1912/1915.
-killings in Mt Province 1913-15,
1911-12

-population data, Mt Province

Report of Sec of Commerce and


Police:
-Philippine Constabulary -Data on q constabulary officers and
employees, chages in personnel, q
American and Filipino officers and
employees + salary expenditures,
strenght of enlisted force
-Medical Division -strenght of Medical Div, statement
of accounts, assets and liabilities,
summary of licenses issued by chief

33
34

constabulary
-Peace and order log districtwise
(Northern , Central, Southern
Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao)
-work for other bureaus
-municipal police -arms in hands of military police,
arms by province, constabulary
arms used by municipalities
Report of Sec of Finance and
Justice: Judicial statistics:
-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla & -comparative statement of cases at
provinces, general land registration SC, summary of business in CFI
office, justice of peace courts) Mla
-Bureau of Justice -summary of legal work
-Administration of estates
-Bureau of Treasury -Financial statement and balance
-offices of cooperative org, sheet of treasury
publications, statistics
-Bureau of Printing
-Fiscal operation
-Appropriation Act 2431
-Bureau of Prisons (prison Penal statistics:
population and status of crime, -colonist population at Iwahig Penal
prisoners’ court, maintenance, Colony
religious services, industrial
division, schools, improvements and
repairs, health and sanitation,
Iwahig Penal Colony, San Ramon
Penal Farm)
-Bureau of Supply -Bureau of Supply, operational
summary (local purchases,
importation from US and other
countries, comparative % with
previous year)
-Division of Supplies -Civil service changes (Americans
-Public Order and Filipinos)

-Justice -Data on operations of dept atty’s


office, summary of operations of
office of deeds
-Public Health
-Prisons
-Public Works -expenditures, allotments for public
works

1916/Part 1 Report of Gov Gen


Harrison -central government -Data on consolidated budget
-exec bureau, civil service, public statement
(ic: ps) utility commission, health service,
Phil General Hospital, bureau of
lands, science, forestry, weather
bureau, constabulry, public works,
coast and geodetic survey, bureau of
customs, internal revenue, treasury,
education, agriculture, supply,
prisons, printing, library and
museum, code committee, dept of
Mindanao and Sulu, Mla Railroad
Co, Phil National Bank, army and

34
35

navy.

Report of Dept of Mindanao and


Sulu:
-public order
-justice -classification of persons accused of
-public health different offenses, 1915-16, dept of
Mindanao and Sulu
Report of Exec Sec:
-organisation, distribution of work,
appropriation and expenditures,
fixed assets
-American and Filipino provincial -comparative statement of American
and municipal officials and Filipino provincial and
-extension of popular control over municipal officers (1903-1916)
provincial governments -make-up of provincial and
-administrative cases against municipal service
provincial, municipal officials and -comparative table of administrative
justice of the peace cases against public officials (cases
-municipal police matter, provincial tried, action taken, cases not guilty,
treasury service, supervision over total cases..); comparative table with
provincial treasurers classes of dereliction of duty.
1917 Report of Gov Gen:
Harrison -national guard (location)
-effect of war on PI
(ic: ps) -economic conditions -comparative volumes of 3
-political, fourth Phil Legislature agriculture products
-Phil National Bank, Mla Railroad
Co, National Coal Co
-finances of insular government -consolidated insular budget
-government personnel statement 1916/1917
-Dept of Interior (Bureau of non-
Christian tribes, Exec Bureau,
Constabulary, Phil Gen Hospital)
-Dept of Public Instruction (Bureau
of Education, Health Service,
Treasury, Budget)
-Dept of Justice (Bureau of Prisons)
-Dept of Agriculture and Natural
Resources (rinderpest, rice
cultivation)

Report of Sec of Interior:


-general operations and activities
-filling of vacancy in municipal
offices
-condemnation proceedings
-various provincial matters
-works among non-Christians
-law and order
-exec bureau (personnel, functions, -Data on filipinisation of provincial
translations, records, number of treasury service; graded salary scale
provinces, municipalities and for chief clerks of provincial
townships, provincial and municipal treasurer, secretaries of provincial
governments and personnel of boards.
provinces, supervision over prov
and municipal govs, real property
assessments, other provincial
matters, second liberty loan bonds,
charges against municipal officials, -two tables showing charges against

35
36

charges against public officials, municipal officials (cases received,


employees and chief of police, nature and result)
investigation by municipal councils,
salaries of suspended officials,
appeals by municipal councils or
presidents, gambling, special
senatorial election, gov ads,
cooperation with other bureaus,
finance -financial statement, exec bureau
-Bureau of Constabulary (personnel,
municipal police, cooperation with
other bureaus, finance -financial statement, constabulary

Report of Bureau of non-Christian


tribes:
-org, territorial jurisdiction -area under jurisdiction of bureau of
-general conditions, agriculture non-Christian tribes, population.
-public order, justice, prisons
-public works

Report of Sec of Justice: Judicial statistics:


-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla and -SC business transactions
provinces, justice of peace courts, -CFI Mla: business transactions
land registration office, gov -Customs appeal cases
applications for registration, -fund collections from cases
cadastral cases, value of property -CFI provinces: civil and criminal
registered under A 496, receipts, cases transacted
expenses, Code Committee) -land registration office: business
-Public Utility Commission (work, transactions
accidents, public utilities) -summary of gov applications for
-Bureau of Justice registration, statement of cadastral
-Administration of estates of cases, status of all cadastral cases
deceased government employees filed
-Bilibid Prison (prisoners’ court, -summary of applications filed and
maintenance, religious services, assessed value of properties
industrial division, provincial presented for registration, receipts,
prisons, schools, health, Iwahig expenses by land registration office
penal colony, San Ramon Penal -Bureau of Justice: business
Farm, miscellaneous transactions

-public utility data: cases, accidents


-funds, estates of deceased
employees

-Penal statistics: prison population


of PI
-summary data on changes in prison
population in Bilibid prison
-comparative costs of prisoners’
maintenance in 3 prisons
-comparative data on health and
deaths of prisoners, causes of deaths
-cost of operation of Iwahig penal
colony and San Ramon penal farm.
1918 Report of Gov Gen:
Harrison -Council of defense
-national guard
(ic: ps) -council of state
-national guard
-economic conditions

36
37

-political, fourth Phil Legislature, 3rd


session -comparative statement of bank
-Phil National Bank, Mla Railroad resources, railroad passenger
Co, National Coal Co receipts
-finances of insular government -consolidated budget statement
-government personnel
-Dept of Interior (Bureau of non- -q primary and secondary schools,
Christian tribes, Exec Bureau, annual, monthly and daily
Constabulary) enrollment and attendance
-Dept of Public Instruction (Bureau
of Education, Health Service)
-Dept of Justice (Bureau of Prisons)
-Dept of Finance (Bureau of
customs, internal revenue, treasury)

Report of Sec of Interior:


-org, personnel, policy, legislation
-general conditions
-general operation and activities
-law and order
-organised provinces and
municipalities
-non-Christian territory and
inhabitants
-exec bureau, bureau of non-
Christian tribes
-constabulary
-Phil Gen Hospital, government
orphanage

Report of Gov of Mindanao and


Sulu:
-public order, justice, public health, -health statistics (diseases/deaths)
prisons, public works

Report of Sec of Finance -annual statement of income and


expenditures (1917-18),
consolidated statement of income
and expenditures
-Bureau of Treasury -general treasury cash accounts
-immigration and emigration
-secret service
-arrastre plant
-protest and appeals, consular duties

-Bureau of Internal Revenue -summary of collections, bureau of


internal revenue, apportionment of
internal revenue taxes and other
collections
-Report of Sec of Justice:
-Judiciary (SC-CFI Mla and Judicial statistics:
provinces, justice of peace courts, -SC business transactions
land registration office) -CFI Mla: business transactions
-Public Utility Commission (work, -justice of peace courts transactions
dealings with government bureaus -land registration office: business
and agencies, public utilities) transactions
-Bureau of Justice - statement of cadastral cases, status
-work of bureau of all cadastral cases filed
-Administration of estates of -summary of applications filed and
deceased government employees assessed value of properties

37
38

-provincial fiscals presented for registration


-Bilibid Prison (changes in -Bureau of Justice: business
personnel, prisoners’ court, transactions
subsistence, religious services,
industrial division, provincial -Penal statistics: prison population
prisons, schools, health, Iwahig of PI
penal colony, miscellaneous -comparative data on health and
(compensation act, executions, deaths of prisoners, causes of deaths
escapes) -cost of operation of Iwahig penal
colony
-list of executions according to
name, crime, court.

-public utility commission cases


transacted
-funds, estates of deceased
employees

1919 Report of Gov Gen:


Harrison -commerce, capital investment -Data on foreign capital invested in
-Phil National Bank, Nat Coal Co, PI
(ic: ps) Mla Railroad Co
-finances of insular government, -Comparative data on insular
Phil mint revenue from all sources per capita
-Census (20 countries, 1916-19)
-Council of State -income and expenditures (1918-19)
-legislation, civil service -comparative table on filipinisation
-government personnel of civil service (Americans/
-Constabulary, National Guard Filipinos, 1913/19)
-non-Christian population

Report of Sec of Interior:


-org and personnel, general
conditions
-exec bureau (org, personnel, -municipalities and provinces, exec
activities (elections, anti-gambling order organising the ff
and vice campaign, rice crisis, food municipalities
prod campaign, administrative
cases, real property assessment,
loans to provinces and -loans granted to provinces, purpose
municipalities, voluntary
contributions, insular relief to
provinces, finance

-Bureau of non-Christian tribes


-Bureau of Constabulary (org and
personnel, public order, finance)
-Phil Gen Hospital
-Bureau of dependent children (org
and personnel

-Report of governor of Mindanao -comparative statement of real


and Sulu: revision and assessment, property assessments, dept of
public order, justice, public health, Mindanao & Sulu, tabulation of
prisons, public works criminal cases, civil and land
registration cases, individuals
convicted in different courts of
justice for 7 provinces, educational
data
Report of Sec of Justice: Judicial statistics:

38
39

-Judiciary: SC-SFI Mla and -SC business transactions


provinces, land registration office, -CFI nationwide: business
collections, original and duplicate transactions
certificates of title) -justice of peace courts transactions
-land registration office: business
-Bureau of Justice (changes in transactions, applications for
personnel, services performed registration by government,
(=provinces, insular bureaus and summary of decisions rendered
offices represented in court, drafts -statement of cadastral cases, status
for contracts, opinions, cases in SC, of all cadastral cases filed,
investigations against attys in approximate q of lots covered
private practice, election cases, cadastral cases, decisions and status
administration of estates, provincial of cadastral cases, assessed of
fiscals) property covered by applications
filed for registration (1913-19)
-Bureau of Prisons (prison -Bureau of justice data on:
population, conduct of prisoners, funds, estates of deceased American
prisoners’ courts, subsistence, employees;
maintenance, religious services, -tabulated statement of business
industrial division, provincial jails, done
schools, deaths, Iwahig Penal -work handled by provincial fiscals
colony, San Ramon Penal farm,
miscellaneous) -Penal statistics:
-prison population and changes
therein in PI
-crimes in prison
-total cost of maintenance of
prisoners per capita
-comparative statement of school
attendance in prison
-deaths at various outstations

Report of Dept of Commerce and


Communications:
-NB- “1919 Rice Crisis” (local rice -comparative statement in piculs of
crop, difficulties in importing rice, rice imported into PI
detail of agent to Saigon, assistance
rendered by American consul at
Saigon, exportation of rice from
Saigon prohibited, rise in price of
rice, measures taken by
government, special session of
legislature convened, regulation
promulgated, weekly reports of
stocks…% of gain for dealers -rice dealership % of gain increase
increased, rice classified, scarcity of
rice continued, special agents
appointed, seizures made…
regulations governing the seizure
and sale of rice in provinces..)

-Dept of Finance (Bureau of


customs, internal revenue, treasury
1920 Report of Gov Gen:
outgoing: Harrison -Phil independence

39
40

incoming: Wood Leonard -change of administration


-congressional visit
(cc: ps) -visit of chief of Bureau of Insular
affairs Maj Gen McIntyre
-financial situation, currency,
foreign commerce, mint ..
-finance of government -statement of receipts, expenditures
-civil service -retirement, gratuities, salaries /
Americans & Filipinos
Dept of Interior
-public order
-city of Mla
Dept of Public Instruction
-public health
Dept of Justice
-prisons

Report of Sec of Interior


-org, personnel, general conditions
-exec bureau (org, personnel, org of
new political divisions
-administrative cases
-campaign against gambling/vices
-real property assessments, loans,
voluntary contributions, tax
collections…
-use of english language..
-election
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
(territorial jurisdiction, org &
personnel, public order, measure of
welfare, finance, real property
assessment, filipinisation, economic
conditions, trading system)
-Constabulary..
-Bureau of Dependent Children,
Public welfare Board..Board of
pharmaceutical, medical, dental,
optical, nurses’ examiners
-City of Mla (housing -Salary/yr (patrolman)
problem..prostitution, gambling and
opium vices, increases of salaries of
officials
-Revision of laws recommended
-defects in english instruction
-health service
-diseases, mortality, venereal
diseases, sanitation in provinces,
epidemics, water supply and waste
disposal, leprosy

Report of Sec of Finance -Income and expenditures


-Bureau of treasury, currency, -treasury cash account
bonded indebtedness, insurance, -internal revenue collections, cost of
foreign commerce, trade by collection
countries

Report of Sec of Justice: Judicial statistics:


-SC,CFIs, justices of peace -SC summary business transactions
(personnel + transactions, -criminal cases

40
41

expenditures, complaints) -expenditure (salaries, others)


-general land registration office -justice of peace court transactions
-Bureau of Justice (personnel, -summary of work, land registration
business, administration of estates, office, application of registration
provincial fiscals) title per province, applications for
registration by gov, status of all
cases, summary of decisions
rendered, statement of cadastral
cases filed, decisions of cadastral
cases, status of ditto, summary of
assessed value of property filed for
registration
-Bureau of Justice: business
transactions
-funds, estates of deceased
American employees
-provincial fiscals: work handled

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, Prison statistics:


prison pop, crimes commited, -distribution of prison pop in PI
conduct of prisoners, rules and -q deaths in several prisons
regulations, subsistence, Bilibid
school, religious services, provincial
jails, industrial divisions, health,
improvements
-Public utility commission

1921 Report of Gov Gen:


Wood -rehabilitation
-defects of judicial situation
(cc: ps) (clearing of dockets)
-personnel, land titles, rinderpest,
health, cooperation with army/navy

Report of Special Mission (headed


by Leonard Wood and Cameron
Forbes, then incumbent respectively
ex-governor general, to check on
the readiness of Filipinos for
Independence)
-constabulary and public order
-administration of justice
-prisons (treatment of prisoners,
provincial and municipal jails)
-health and sanitation (insane,
defectives)
-elections, legislation

Inaugural address of Governor


General Wood

Message of Gov Gen to 5th Phil


Legislature

Report of Sec of Interior


-Exec Bureau (territorial -Schedule of salaries for different
jurisdiction, boundary disputes, offices in provinces nunder the EB
standardisation of salaries -insular and provincial loans

-Bureau of non-Christian tribes

41
42

-Phil Constaulary (org, activities,


services, police duties,
quarantine,work for other bureaus,
opium, gambling, municipal police)
-Phil Gen Hospital and other
hospitals -hospital nd health statistics
-Office of Public Welfare
commissioner
-Boards:ibid (1919)
-Invalids of Phil Revolution**
-City of Mla (org..finance, police,
fires)
-City of Baguio (finance, justice,
poice)
-government pensionados
-naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-Bureau of education -school statistics
-health service

Report of Sec of Finance


-income, expenditures & balance of
government (1912-1921)
-Bureau of Treasury -treasury cash account
-bonded indebtedness -bonded debts
-investments -status of investments
-customs -custom collections
-trade -trade by country, imports/exports
-immigration/emigration
-secret service
-Bureau of Internal Revenue -statement of BIR total collections

Report of Sec of Justice: Judicial statistics:


-SC,CFIs, justices of peace -SC summary business transactions
(personnel + transactions, -CFIs: business transactions
expenditures, complaints) - land registration office, summary
-general land registration office of work, application of registration
(notices, examination of cases, title per province, applications for
collections) registration by gov, status of all
-Bureau of Justice (changes in cases, summary of decisions
personnel, business, administration rendered, statement of cadastral
of estates, provincial fiscals) cases filed, decisions of cadastral
cases, status of ditto, decrees issued,
summary of assessed value of
property filed for registration, Mla:
cadastral and ordinary cases.
-Bureau of Justice: business
transactions
-funds, estates of deceased
American employees
-provincial fiscals: work handled

-Bureau of Prisons (changes in Prison statistics:


personnel, prison pop, discipline -distribution and changes of/in
(crimes commited by and prison pop in PI
punishment of inmates), prisoners -average daily cost for native,
investigation committee, Amer/European prisoners, average
subsistence, maintenance, industrial cost per ration in 3 prisons
division, amusements and -summary of rations issued with

42
43

entertainments, Bilibid school, values of agricultural products and


religious services, provincial jails, purchased items
health, improvements, Iwahig penal -cost of maintenance in 3 prisons
colony and San Ramon penal farm -q deaths in several prisons (1917-
21)
-Public utility commission
-Report of Sec of Agriculture &
Natural Resources (agricultural
colonies
-Report of Sec of Commerce and
Communications (see eg Bureau of
Labor operations)

1922 Annual Report of Gov Gen:


Wood -dept of public instruction -school statistics
-University of Phil
(cc: ps) -public health -comparative mortality & natality
-constabulary
-city of Mla
-dept of finance
-dept of justice…
-dept of commerce/communication
-bureau of civil service
-legislation
-government in business
-american guardian club, woman’s
club
-message of gov gen to legislature,
proposed administrative measures
(see i.a. administration of justice,
constabulary, land situation,
taxation, legislation and labor)

Report of Sec of Interior


-new administration, org/personnel
-public order
-elections -comparative data on votes cast in
-legislation some Christian and non-Christian
-exec bureau (see i.a. org, provinces
personnel, administrative cases,
gambling and other vices)
-bureau of non-Christina tribes
-constabulary
-Phil Gen Hospital -hospital statistics
-public welfare office
-various boards of examiners (ibid:
see 1919)
-City of Mla (see i.a. barrio obrero,
city police, prostitution, city
reformatories, city asylum,
finances)
-City of Baguio
-naturalisation, gov pensionados,
public opinion

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-bureau of education -school statistics
-bureau of health (quarantiene) -cholera and other cases of disease
-comparative mortality and natality,
PI, mortality and rates per 100 000,

43
44

Mla, comparative statements of


expenditures
Report of Sec of finance -economic statistics:
-bureau of treasury imports/exports (1899-1922),
-banks, insurance, investments, monetary circulation, income and
custom collections, foreign trade, expenditures, treasury cash account,
protest and appeals per capita indebtedness of PI,
-immigration and emigration, secret volume of trade with other countries
service
-Bureau of internal revenue: various -BIR collections, apportionment
taxes

Report of Sec of Justice: Judicial statistics: no tabular data


-administation of justice
-new legislation
-SC,CFIs, justices of peace
(personnel + transactions,
expenditures, complaints)
-general land registration office,
business transacted
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted)

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, Penal statistics: no tabular data


prison pop, discipline and health,
penal colonies, pardons)

Report of Sec of Agriculture and


Natural Resources (agricultural
conditions …)

Report of Sec of Commerce &


Communication
1923 Annual Report of Gov Gen
Wood -political situation
-dept of public instruction -shool statistics
(cc: ps) -UP, public health -10 yr health data on deaths per
1000 pop., infant mortality rate,
-Dept of interior deaths from cholera, smallpox
-constabulary
-city of Mla, Baguio
-Dept of Finance -general statement of taxes, receipts
-Dept of Justice (activities, prison
conditions)
-Dept of Agriculture
-Labor
-Bureau of civil service
-legislation
-american guardina association,
woman’s club
-council of state
** appendices (A-L) to annual
report: native protest to governor
Wood’s reinstatement of suspended
American secret service operative,
which offended native sensibilities
of being unwarranted intervention!
Cablegrams about resignation of
departmental secretaries. Tit for tat
communication between governor

44
45

and native leaders.


-appendix M: legislation during the
6th Phil Legislature, second session.

Report of Sec of Interior:


-org, personnel
-provinces & municipalities
-public order
-special election, legislation
-convention of provincial governors
and treasurers
-Executive Bureau (org, personnel..
administrative cases, gambling &
other vices, campaign against locust
& epidemics, revenues
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
-Constabulary
-Phil Gen Hospital -hospital statistics
-office of public welfare
commissioner
-various boards of examiners, op cit.
-city of Mla (org, personnel, city
police, fires, schools, city
reformatories, asylum, finance -Mla: expenditures, balance sheet
-City of Baguio
-government pensionados
-naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-Bureau of Education -school statistics
-health service, quarantine service

Report of Sec of Finance -consolidated buget statement,


-Bureau of treasury (debt, comparative statement of receipts,
investments, insurance) expenditures, general treasury cash
-Bureau of Customs account, bonded indebtedness, total
-immigration and emigration public debt, insurance.
-protest and appeals, -custom collections, trade statistics
-secret service (1899-1923), imports/exports
-Bureau of Intrernal Revenue: (countries of origin and destination)
collections frrom various tax classes -BIR tax collections, apportionment
-Bureau of Printing -data on printing and binding
executed and delivered to different
government agencies (cost of work
in pesos)

Report of Dept of Justice: Judicial statistics:


-new legislation
-administration of justice: SC
(business transacted), CFI
(reorganisation!, business
transacted), justice of peace courts)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel, -funds of estates of deceased US
business transacted, administration citizens
of estates, land registrations office -land registration: business
transacted (decrees per capita,
cases), status of cadastral cases, per
capita cost

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, Penal statistics:

45
46

prison population, maintenance, -distribution of prison population in


health and sanitation, provincial last 6 yrs (1918-23)
jails, discipline, education, religious -principal crimes (1918-23)
services, amusements, pardons) -deaths in several prisons (1918-23)

-Public utility commission

Report of Sec of Agriculture and


Natural Resources (agricultural
colonists..)

Report of Dept of Commerce and


Communications
-public works -public works expenditures
-Bureaus of commerce and industry,
labor (activities)
1924 Annual Report of Gov Gen:
Wood -political situation,
-public instruction (new -school statistics
universities)
(cc: ps) -public health (antileprosy work) -health statistics (mortality, natality
per thousand and rates, 1915-22;
deaths from small pox, cholera)
-dept of interior
-constabulary -constabulary force
-bureau of non-Christian tribes
-city of Mla, Baguio
-dept of finance -general financial statement, tax
revenues
-dept of justice (business -justice department: business
transactions) transacted
-agriculture and natural resources -crops and total area planted, value,
-commerce and communication animal population, rinderpest cases.
-total trade, comparative statement
of total trade with leading countries,
10 principal imports, exports
-Bureau of audits
-legislation
-American guardian association,
woman’s clubs
-Appendices (see ia App C list of Comparative statistics:
acts, App E progress barometer) -internal revenue statistics, 1906-24
(total collections, increase/decrease,
based on 2% pop increase direct
taxation per capita, population)
-trade with US, total trade (1899-
1924)
-education statistics (1903-1924)
-mortality & natality (1918-24)
-public health statistics (deaths in
cholera and small pox in Mla,
provinces and Mindanao Sulu,
1903-1924)

Report of Sec of Interior:


-personnel, org
-public order, legislation, finance…
-Exec bureau (org, q &
classification of provinces,
municipalities, assessments…

46
47

administrative cases, use of english


by municipal councils
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
-Bureau of Constabulary (activities,
discipline, casualties, retirement
-Phil Gen Hospital -patients treated at PGH and other
-office of public welfare data
commissioner (maternity and child
hygiene, dependent classes of
children, general welfare work
-City of Mla (org, personnel, city
police, fires, schools, city
reformatories, asylum, finance)
-City of Baguio
-various boards of examiners
-pensionados
-invalids of Phil revolution
-militia commission
-naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction -data on expenditures of dept of


-Bureau of Education public instruction
-health service -school statistics
-Bureau of Quarantine service -comparative table: population,
marriage, birth, crude death, infant
mortality rates in PI (1903-24) and
Mla, hospital capacity
Report of Sec of Finance Financial statistics
-General fund consolidated budget
statement, special and bond
fundscomparative statement of
receipts and expenditures
-Bureau of Treasury -general treasury cash account,
-bonded debt distribution of cash balances,
-investments bonded indebtedness, loan debt,
-banks, insurance investments, insurance
-Bureau of Customs -custom collections, trade data
-immigration, emigration 1899-1924., trade with countries
-protest and appeals other than US, principal articles
-secret service imported and exported(origin,
value)
-Bureau of Internal Revenue -collections, apportionment of
internal taxes
-Bureau of Printing -Printing and binding executed and
delivered to various government
agencies.
Report of Sec of Justice:’
-office of sec of justice: bills
submitted, prosecution of crimes
-adminstration of justice (SC-CFI:
business transacted, promotions,
transfers, original appointments,
cadastral cases, collections; justices
of peace: business transacted)
-Bureau of Justice Judicial statistics
-general land registration office:
business transacted, decrees, Mla -land registration: decrees 1918-24;
cadastral cases, registrar of deeds, cases disposed of 1903-1924,
collections, expenditures cadastral cases
-Public utility commission

47
48

-Bureau of Prisons: (personnel, Penal statistics:


prison population, maintenance, -distribution of prison population in
health and sanitation, provincial PI; comparative data on q prisoners
jails, discipline, education, religious detained in various prisons (1919-
services, amusements, expenses and 24)
incomes, pardons, visitors) -principal crimes, Bilibid (1919-24)
-important crimes commited by
prisoners confined
-comparative deaths in several
prisons (1919-24)
-comparative statement of
expenditures of prison and industrial
ivisions 1921-24
-cost of daily subsistence per capita
in 4 prisons
-comparative data on cost of
maintenance in 4 prisons

Report of Sec of Agriculture and


Natural Resources (agricultural -rinderpest, deaths by quarters,
conditions, rinderpest, anthrax) cases and deaths from anthrax

Report of Sec of Commerce and


Communications
-Bureau of Labor (unemployment, -labor strikes and other industrial
cost of living) disputes, agrarian disputes, labor
immigration to Hawaii
1925 Annual Report of Gov Gen
Wood -general statement -budget operations
-autonomy
(cc: ps) -dept of public instruction (higher
education)
-public health -vital statistics of city of Mla (pop,
-dept of interior (constabulary) marital, birth, death, infant mortality
-dept of justice rates per 1000)
-dept of agriculture and natural
resources
-commerce and communication -tax collections, trade (1915-25)
-labor
-legislation
-american guardian association,
woman’s clubs

Appendices: (App D Progress Appendix D:


Barometer, App E: List of bills -internal revenue statistics 1906-25
signed by gov general) -trade with US 1899-1925
-education statistics 1903-25
-mortality and natality 1918-25
-public health statistics 1903-25
(small pox, cholera in Mla,
Report of dept of commerce and provinces, Mindanao & Sulu)
communications
-commerce -trade statistics (imports, exports,
-bureau of public works trade balance), principal imports and
-bureau of labor (labor inspection, exports
strikes and other disputes, industrial -strike & industrial accidents
accidents statistics 1921-25
-cost of living per class of labor
Report of Sec of Finance -general fund, comparative budget

48
49

-Bureau of Treasury statement, special fund, comparative


-public debt, bonded indebtedness, statement of receipts and
investments expenditures, general treasury cash
-Bureau of Customs account, distribution of cash
-commerce balances, bonded indebtedness,
-protest and appeals public debt, investments
-secret service -total customs gross and net receipts
-foreign trade, principle imports and
exports (origin and value)
-articles seized by secret service in
port of Mla for violation of customs
laws
-Bureau of internal revenue -tax collections (sources and value)
-Bureau of Printing -operating statement (income,
expense); printing and binding for
government agencies (costs)
Report of Sec of Agriculture and
Natural Resources (rinderpest..)

Report of Dept of Public Instruction -salaries of personnel


-Bureau of Education -school statistics
-Health Service -Population, marriage, birth, death
-Bureau of quarantine service rates and infant mortality in PI
1903-25
-q of cases and deaths from
important communicable diseases
Mla; incidence rate per 1000 for
some important communicable
diseases, death rates for ditto, 1920-
25
-Hospital bed capacities and
services, q insane, movement of
population in leper colony

Report of Sec of Interior:


-general statement
-public order
-elections
-legislation and dept orders
-Exec Bureau (ibid + insular aid,
loans and bond issue, campaign
against locust, anthrax and other
animal pests, against protitution,
administrative cases, use of english
in municipal councils)
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
(administrative investigations,
appropriations)
-Constabulary (org, personnel,
firearms, municipal police force,
discipline, casualties, retirement,
finance)
-Office of public welfare
commissioner (maternity and child
hygiene work, accomplishments,
dependent class of children, welfare
work)
-Phil Gen Hospital -hospital work, cases treated 1923-
-city of Mla (see city insane asylum, 25
law dept, municipal court

49
50

-city of Baguio
-various boards of examiners
-pensionados, naturalisation

Report of Sec of Justice Judicial statistics:


-bills submitted -funds of estates of deceased US
-prosecution of crimes citizens
-administration of justice (SC-CFI,
justice of peace court: business
transacted)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, collection,
administration of estates, land
registration office -land registration: decrees, cases
transacted by courts (1903-25),
cadastral cases

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, penal statistics:


prison pop, crimes committed, -prison pop and distribution among
discipline, health and sanitation, various prisons in PI 1920-25
provincial jails, discipline, -statement of movements of
education, religious services, prisoners
amusements, expenses and incomes, -principal crimes by prisoners in
pardons, visitors) Bilibid + other important crimes
-deaths among insular prisoners
(1920-25)
-comparative total cost of
maintenance in 3 prisons
-comparative amount of subsistence
supplies purchased and produced
-comparative statement of daily cost
of subsistence of prisoners per
capita
1926 Annual report of gov gen
outgoing: Wood -general statement -vital statistics (ibid)
-dept of public instruction, private
(cc: ps) schools, public health, antileprosy
work..
-dept of interior
-constabulary
-city of Mla
-dept of finance -budget, comparative trade statistics
-dept of justice
-agriculture, public lands, audit,
labor, civil service -total q civil service employees
-legislation
-Exhibits (political conditions,
report of sec of pardon board, ) -data on pardons and paroles, veto
-**appeal of Phil Legislature to US power of governor gen under
president from gov gen veto to bill organic act of 1916
(remitting the penalty for land tax -data on q acts vetoed by gov gen in
1923); response of White House to legislature
appeal
-list of bills signed by gov gen,
second session of Phil legislature

Report of Sec of Interior


-Exec Bureau (ibid on headings)
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
-Constabulary

50
51

-office of public welfare -expenditures of welfare office


commissioner
-boards of examiners
-City of Mla, Baguio (ibid)
-pensionados, naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction -school statistics


-Bureau of education -vital statistics (demographics, ,
communicable diseases, disease
control measures)
Report of Sec of Finance -comparative budget statement +
-Bureau of Treasury ibid
-Bureau of Customs -general treasury cash account,
-immigration/emigration distribution and location of cash
-protest and appeals balances, public debt, bonded
-secret service indebtedness, investments
-Bureau of internal revenue -customs collections, foreign trade
-Bureau of Printing (ibid)
-tax collections (ibid),
apportionment of taxes
-printing and binding for gov
agencies (cost, agency)

Dept of Justice Judicial statistics:


-office of sec of justice (bills, -funds of estates of deceased US
convention of judges) citizens
-administration of justice (SC-
CFI(reorganisation), justice of
peace court: business transacted)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, collection,
administration of estates, land -land registration: decrees, cases
registration office, registrers of transacted by courts (1903-26),
deeds) cadastral cases, register of deeds
work accomplished

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, penal statistics:


prison pop, crimes committed, -prison pop and distribution among
discipline, health and sanitation, various prisons in PI 1921-26
provincial jails, discipline, -statement of movements of
education, religious services, prisoners
amusements, expenses and incomes, -principal crimes by prisoners in
pardons, visitors) Bilibid (1921-26) + other important
crimes
-comparative total cost of
maintenance in 3 prisons
-comparative amount of subsistence
supplies purchased and produced in
3 prisons
-comparative statement of daily cost
of subsistence of prisoners per
capita in 3 prisons
-Public service commission
(business transacted)

Report of Sec of Agriculture


-agricultural conditions, rinderpest -foreign trade statistics

Report of Dept of Commerce and


Communication

51
52

-Bureau of Public Works


-Bureau of Labor -strikes and industrial disputes
-agrarian conflicts
-claims & complaints, industrial
accidents, unemployment, emigrants
to Hawaii, cost of living
1927 Annual Report of Gov Gen
acting: Gilmore, Eugene Annual report of gov gen
-political situation
(cc: ps) -Bureau of Education
-private schools, public health,
leprosy work..
-dept of finance
-immigration, emigration
-dept of interior -budget, comparative trade statistics
-constabulary
-city of Mla
-general land registration office -total q civil service employees
-prisons
-dept of justice
-dept agriculture, public lands, -data on pardons and paroles, veto
audit, labor, civil service power of governor gen under
-legislation organic act of 1916
-Bureau of civil service -data on q acts vetoed by gov gen in
legislature
Appendices: (Decision of SC,
-list of bills signed by gov gen, 3rd
session of 7th Phil legislature, letter
of US president on reasons for
vetoing plebiscite bill, message of
acting gov gen to 7th Phil
Legislature with sections on
administration of justice and
constabulary) -expenditures of welfare office

Report of Sec of Interior


-Exec Bureau (ibid on headings)
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
(agricultural colonies)
-Constabulary (death of Crame, rest
ibid)
-office of public welfare
commissioner
-boards of examiners
-City of Mla, Baguio (ibid)
-pensionados, naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-Bureau of education -school statistics
-Phil Health Service -vital statistics (demographics in
provinces, deaths from
Report of Sec of Finance communicable diseases, insane in
-Bureau of Treasury PI)
-Bureau of Customs -comparative budget statement +
-immigration/emigration ibid
-protest and appeals -general treasury cash account,
-secret service distribution and location of cash
-Bureau of internal revenue balances, public debt, bonded
-Bureau of Printing indebtedness, investments
-customs collections, foreign trade

52
53

(ibid)
-tax collections (ibid),
apportionment of taxes
-printing and binding for gov
agencies (cost, agency)

Report of Sec of Justice Judicial statistics:


-office of sec of justice (revision of -funds of estates of deceased US
Penal Code, conference of judges in citizens
Baguio)
-administration of justice (SC-CFI,
justice of peace court: business
transacted)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, collection, -land registration: cases transacted
administration of estates, land by courts (1903-27), cadastral cases,
registration office, registrers of register of deeds work accomplished
deeds)

Penal statistics:
-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, -prison pop and distribution among
prison pop, crimes committed, various prisons in PI 1922-27
discipline, health and sanitation, -statement of changes in prison pop
provincial jails, discipline, -principal crimes by prisoners in
education, religious services, Bilibid and San Ramon (1922-27) +
amusements, expenses and incomes, other important crimes
pardons, visitors) -comparative total cost of
maintenance in 3 prisons
-comparative amount of subsistence
supplies purchased and produced in
3 prisons
-comparative statement of daily cost
of subsistence of prisoners per
capita in 3 prisons 1922-27

-Public service commission


(business transacted)

Report of Sec of Agriculture


-agricultural conditions, rinderpest
-foreign trade statistics
Report of Dept of Commerce and
Communication
-Bureau of Public Works -strikes and industrial disputes
-Bureau of Labor (legislation, labor -women and child employees in
orgs, Hours of labor, wages, woman inspected industries in Mla
and child labor -claims & complaints, industrial
accidents, unemployment, emigrants
to Hawaii, cost of living
1928 Annual Report of Gov General
Stimson, Henry L -problem presented by political
situation in Phil upon my
(cc: ps) appointment
-problem of lack of economic dev
and consequent lack of revenues
-immediate political situation on
arrival
-creation of organised governmental
machinery for cooperation

53
54

-legislation promoting policy of


economic development
-other results of general session
-economic legislative results of
special session…
-the great typhoon of 1928
-important administrative
improvements
-dept of public instruction, bureau
of education, health
-dept of finance, interior, justice,
agriculture and natural resources,
commerce and communication

Appendices: E- inaugural address of


gov gen Stimson; message of gov
gen to legislature

Report of Sec of Interior


-public calamities, general
conditions, legislation
-Exec Bureau
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
-Constabulary (constabulary control
of municipal police, rest ibid)
-office of public welfare
commissioner
-boards of examiners
-City of Mla, Baguio (ibid)
-pensionados

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-Bureau of education -school statistics
-Phil Health Service -deaths from communicable
diseases, insane in Insane
Psycopathic Hospital, San Lazaro,
Bilibid, city insane asylum, hospital
capacity..
Report of Sec of Finance -comparative budget statement +
-Bureau of Treasury ibid
-Bureau of Customs -general treasury cash account,
-immigration/emigration distribution and location of cash
-protest and appeals balances, public debt, bonded
-secret service indebtedness, investments
-control of opium traffic -customs collections, foreign trade
(ibid)
-Bureau of internal revenue -tax collections (ibid),
apportionment of taxes
-Bureau of Printing -printing and binding for gov
agencies (cost, agency)

Report of Sec of Justice Judicial statistics:


-office of sec of justice (bills
submitted, personnel, revision of
Penal Code)
-administration of justice (SC-CFI,
justice of peace court: business
transacted)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel, -land registration: cases transacted
business transacted, collection, by courts (1903-27), cadastral cases,

54
55

administration of estates, land register of deeds work


registration office, registrers of accomplished, income,
deeds) expenditures, profit

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, Penal statistics:


prison pop, crimes committed, -prison pop and distribution among
discipline and order (Bilibid, various insular and provincial
Iwahig, San Ramon),executions, prisons in PI (1923-28)
health and sanitation (Bilibid, -principal crimes by prisoners in
Iwahig, San Ramon), improvement Bilibid and San Ramon (1924-27) +
and repairs (Bilibid, Iwahig, San other important crimes
Ramon) provincial jails, education, -comparative data on q habitual
religious services, amusements, criminals (1924-28)
expenses and incomes, pardons, -yearly expenditure of bureau of
visitors) prisons 1922-28
-comparative amount of subsistence
supplies purchased and produced in
4 prisons
-comparative statement of daily cost
of subsistence of prisoners per
capita in 4 prisons 1923-28

-Public service commission


(business transacted, improvements)

Report of Sec of Agriculture


(agricultural colonies)

Report of Dept of Commerce and -foreign trade statistics


Communication
-Bureau of Public Works
-Bureau of Labor (labor inspection, -strikes and industrial disputes
legislation, labor orgs, Hours of -women and child employees in
labor, wages, woman and child inspected industries in Mla, weekly
labor, Filipino laborers in US wages,
-claims & complaints, industrial
accidents, unemployment, emigrants
to Hawaii, cost of living
1929 Annual Report of Gov Gen
outgoing: Stimson -inaugural address
incoming: Davis, DwightD -the cabinet, council of state,
opening of legislature, results of
(cc: ps) legislative session, delay in
legislation, important legislation
approved (i.a. sheriff’s bill
provinding for appointment of
position by sec of justice)
-ex officio appointments
-economic situation
-administrative investigations
-Dept of Public Instruction
-Dept of finance
-trade with US and other countries -trade statistics: increase/decrease of
-Dept of Interior imports from the US
-Dept of Commerce and
Communication; Agriculture &
Natural Resources

55
56

-Dept of Justice (congestion in


CFIs, prison conditions)

Appendices: A: Inaugural address


of gov gen Davis, message to 8th
Phil Legislature

Report of Sec of Interior


-public calamities, general
conditions, legislation
-Exec Bureau (ibid)
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
-Constabulary (ibid)
-office of public welfare
commissioner
-Phil Gen Hospital
-boards of examiners
-City of Mla, Baguio (ibid)
-pensionados

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-Bureau of education -school statistics
-Phil Health Service -q medical & non-medical personnel
and insular force
-estimated population
-vital statistics, PI, Mla, provinces
(marriage, births, deaths, infant
mortality rates)
-deaths from communicable
diseases, hospital capacity
nationwide..

Report of Sec of Finance -comparative budget statement +


-Bureau of Treasury ibid
-Bureau of Customs -general treasury cash account,
-immigration/emigration distribution and location of cash
-protest and appeals balances, public debt, bonded
-secret service indebtedness, investments
-control of opium traffic -customs collections, foreign trade
(ibid)
-Bureau of internal revenue -tax collections (ibid),
apportionment of taxes, insurance
-Bureau of Printing -printing and binding for gov
agencies (cost, agency), q paper
consumed 1903,13,19,28-29

Report of Sec of Justice Judicial statistics:


-office of sec of justice (new
legislation; court of appeals,
provincial sheriffs, reorg of judicial
districts, salaries for justices of the
peace, provision for additional
subordinate court personnel,
assignment of district judges,
separate prison for female
prisoners)
-administration of justice (SC-CFI,
justice of peace court: personnel,
business transacted, administrative
charges against judges and

56
57

attorneys)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, collection,
administration of estates, provincial
fiscals, office of fiscal, Mla land
registration office, registrers of -land registration: cases transacted
deeds) by courts (1903-27), cadastral cases,
register of deeds work
accomplished, income,
expenditures, profit

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, Penal statistics:


prison pop, crimes committed, -prison pop and distribution among
discipline and order (Bilibid, various insular and provincial
Iwahig, San Ramon),executions, prisons in PI (1924-29)
health and sanitation (Bilibid, -principal crimes by prisoners in
Iwahig, San Ramon), improvement Bilibid and San Ramon (1924-29) +
and repairs (Bilibid, Iwahig, San other important crimes
Ramon, Fort Mills Stockade, -total expenditures, revenues,
Corregidor) provincial jails, bureau of prisons 1923-29
education, religious services, -comparative amount of subsistence
recreation, expenses and incomes, supplies purchased and produced in
pardons, visitors) 4 prisons
-industrial division, Bilibid -comparative statement of daily cost
of subsistence of prisoners per
capita in 4 prisons 1924-29
-comparative average cost of
maintenance in 4 prisons

-Public service commission


(business transacted, improvements)

Report of Sec of Agriculture


(agricultural conditions)

Report of Dept of Commerce and -foreign trade statistics


Communication
-Bureau of Public Works
-Bureau of Labor (labor inspection, -strikes and industrial disputes
claims and complaints, industrial -women and child employees in
accidents, strikes and other inspected industries in Mla, weekly
industrial disputes, woman and wages,
child labor, Filipino laborers in US -claims & complaints, industrial
accidents, unemployment, emigrants
to Hawaii, cost of living
1930 Annual Report of Gov Gen
Davis -the cabinet, council of state, results
of legislative session,
(cc: ps) -important legislation approved
(i.a.complete revision of Penal
Code)
--vetoed legislation, legislation
affecting economic dev
-confirmation of appointments
-Dept of Public Instruction
-Bureau Education
-Dept of finance
-trade with US and other countries
(import/exports)
-Dept of Interior

57
58

(Boshevistic activities,
administrative cases)
-Bureau of Non-Christian tribes
(administrative cases)
-constabulary
-City of Mla, Baguio
-Dept of Commerce and
Communication; Agriculture &
Natural Resources (cattle
importation, public land titles)
-Dept of Justice
-Bureau of Prisons

Appendices: A Message of gov gen


to 8th Phil Legislature (graft,
duplication, depression, economic
dev

Report of Sec of Interior


-public calamities, general
conditions, legislation
-Exec Bureau (administrative cases,
campaign against vices, rest ibid)
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
(administrative cases)
-Constabulary (ibid)
-office of public welfare
commissioner
-Phil Gen Hospital
-boards of examiners
-City of Mla, Baguio (ibid)
-pensionados
-Phil Board of Censorship for
Moving Pictures, naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction


-Bureau of education -school statistics
-Phil Health Service (hospitals, -q medical & non-medical personnel
insane asylums) and insular force
-estimated population
-vital statistics, PI, Mla, provinces
(marriage, births, deaths, infant
mortality rates)
-deaths from communicable
diseases, hospital capacity
nationwide..
-q insane in 6 hospitals, wards

Report of Sec of Finance -comparative budget statement +


ibid
-Bureau of Treasury -general treasury cash account,
distribution and location of cash
balances, public debt, bonded
indebtedness, investments
-Bureau of Customs -customs collections, comparative
-immigration/emigration foreign trade data (ibid)
-protest and appeals
-secret service
-control of opium traffic

58
59

-Bureau of Internal Revenue -tax collections (ibid),


apportionment of taxes, insurance
-Bureau of Printing -printing and binding for gov
agencies (cost, agency), q paper
consumed 1903,13,19, 29-30
-Census reports

Report of Sec of Justice Judicial statistics:


-office of sec of justice (new
legislation: Revised Penal Code)
-administration of justice (SC-CFI,
justice of peace court: personnel,
business transacted, administrative
charges against judges and
attorneys)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, collection,
administration of estates, provincial
fiscals, office of fiscal, Mla & land -land registration: cases transacted
registration office, registrers of by courts (1903-27), cadastral cases,
deeds) register of deeds work
accomplished, income,
expenditures, profit

-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, Penal statistics:


prison pop, crimes committed, -prison pop and distribution among
discipline and order (Bilibid, various insular and provincial
Iwahig, San Ramon),executions, prisons in PI (1925-30)
health and sanitation (Bilibid, -principal crimes by prisoners in
Iwahig, San Ramon), improvement Bilibid and San Ramon (1925-30)
and repairs (Bilibid, Iwahig, San -total expenditures, revenues,
Ramon, Fort Mills Stockade, bureau of prisons 1929-30
Corregidor) provincial jails, -comparative amount of subsistence
education, religious services, supplies purchased and produced in
recreation, expenses and incomes, 4 prisons
pardons, visitors) -comparative statement of daily cost
-industrial division, Bilibid of subsistence of prisoners per
capita in 4 prisons 1925-30
-comparative average cost of
maintenance in 4 prisons

-Public service commission


(business transacted, improvements)

Report of Sec of Agriculture


(agricultural conditions, cessation of
cattle importation, rinderpest,
administrative settlement of
conflicts, land registration and other
legal work, friar lands)

Report of Dept of Commerce and -foreign trade statistics


Communication
-Bureau of Public Works
-Bureau of Labor (labor inspection, -strikes and industrial disputes
claims and complaints, industrial -women and child employees in
accidents, strikes and other inspected industries in Mla, weekly
industrial disputes, woman and wages,
child labor, Filipino laborers in US -claims & complaints, industrial

59
60

accidents, unemployment, emigrants


to Hawaii, cost of living

1931 Annual Report of Gov Gen


Davis -constructive cooperation, economic
dev., land titles, economics vs
(cc: ps) politics, financial system, national
bank, health and education,
legislation, agriculture, backward
peoples, good-will cruise, public
bldgs., campaign against graft,
expert advisers, changes in
relationship, detailed reports,
legislation
-vetoed legislation
-Dept of Public Instruction
-Bureau Education
-Dept of Finance
-trade with US and other countries
(import/exports)
-Dept of Interior
(general elections, public order)
-Bureau of Non-Christian tribes
(administrative cases)
-constabulary
-City of Mla, Baguio
-Dept of Commerce and
Communication; Agriculture &
Natural Resources (cattle
importation, public land titles)
Bureau of Customs, Internal
Revenue
-Dept of Justice
-Bureau of Prisons
-Dept of Commerce and
Communication
-Paris Exposition
-Filipino Emigration to US
-Dept of Agriculture and National
Resources (agricultural conditions,
land situation)

Appendices: A Reports on Good


Will Trip (government banks of -estimated income, expenditures (PI,
Siam and Dutch East Indies, rural Siam, Dutch East Indies, Federated
credit systems of French Indochina, Malay states, French Indo-China)
federated Malay states and DEI,
budget and financial policies,
Resume of comparisons PI vs
countries visited, comparison of
agricultural progress in some
oriental countries); Message of gov
gen to legislature (where he usually
presents his office’s priorities: see
i.a. graft, expositions)
-actual text of vetoes and attendant
tit for tat between legislature and
gov gen.

Report of Sec of Interior

60
61

-public calamities, general


conditions, legislation
-Exec Bureau (administrative cases,
general and special elections,
campaign against vices, rest ibid)
-Bureau of non-Christian tribes
(administrative cases)
-Constabulary (ibid)
-office of public welfare
commissioner
-Phil Gen Hospital
-boards of examiners
-City of Mla (see administrative
investigations and law
enforcement), Baguio (ibid)
-pensionados
-Phil Board of Censorship for
Moving Pictures, naturalisation

Report of Sec of Public Instruction -school statistics


-Bureau of Education -q medical & non-medical personnel
-Phil Health Service (hospitals, -estimated population
insane asylums) -deaths from communicable
diseases, hospital capacity
nationwide..
-q insane in 4 hospitals, wards

-comparative budget statement +


ibid
Report of Sec of Finance -general treasury cash account,
distribution and location of cash
-Bureau of Treasury balances, public debt, bonded
indebtedness, investments
-customs collections, comparative
foreign trade data (ibid)
-Bureau of Customs
-immigration/emigration
-protest and appeals
-secret service
-control of opium traffic -tax collections (ibid),
apportionment of taxes, insurance
-Bureau of Internal Revenue -printing and binding for gov
agencies (cost, agency), q paper
-Bureau of Printing consumed 1903,13,19, 29-30
-Census reports

Judicial statistics:

Report of Sec of Justice


-office of sec of justice (new
legislation: reorg of public service
commission, judiciary + depat
orders: dept of justice service board,
committee on revision of
commercial code, on sites for penal
colonies, vice commission
- inspection trip
-administration of justice (SC-CFI, -land registration: decrees issued
justice of peace court: personnel, (1903-31), cases transacted by
business transacted, administrative courts (1903-27), cadastral cases,

61
62

charges and disbarment register of deeds work


proceedings; provincial sheriffs accomplished, income, expenditures
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, collection,
administration of estates, provincial
fiscals, office of fiscal, Mla & land
registration office, registrers of
deeds)

Penal statistics:
-prison pop and distribution among
-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, various insular and provincial
prison pop, discipline and order prisons in PI (1925-30)
(Bilibid, Iwahig, San -principal crimes by prisoners in
Ramon),executions, health and, Bilibid and San Ramon (1925-30)
improvement and repairs (Bilibid, -total expenditures, revenues,
Iwahig, San Ramon, Fort Mills bureau of prisons 1924-31
Stockade, Corregidor) provincial -comparative statement of daily cost
jails, education, religious services, of subsistence of prisoners per
recreation, expenses and incomes, capita in 5 prisons 1926-31
pardons, visitors), maintenance, -comparative average cost of
subsistence maintenance in 5 prisons
-industrial division, Bilibid
-correctional institutions for women

-Public service commission


(business transacted)

Report of Sec of Agriculture


(agricultural conditions, livestock
situation, Paris exposition) -foreign trade statistics

Report of Dept of Commerce and


Communication -strikes and industrial disputes
-Bureau of Public Works (cause and others of conflict)
-Bureau of Labor (labor inspection, -women and child employees in
claims and complaints, industrial inspected industries in Mla,
accidents, strikes and other -claims & complaints, industrial
industrial disputes, woman and accidents, unemployment, emigrants
child labor, Filipino laborers in US to Hawaii, cost of living

1932 Annual Report of Gov Gen


Roosevelt, Theodore -preliminary survey
-basic problems, executive
(cc: ps) economies, legislative
reorganisation of gov, balancing the
budget, aiding small farmer, usury,
rural credit, tenant farmers, aiding
industrial workers, agricultural and -value of imported goods which
industrial dev., tariff, gravity of could otherwise be produced in the
present economic situation, the PI
fishing industry, the Mla hemp
industry, gov aid to private
enterprise, conservation of natural
resources, education, community
assemblies, public order, public
health, army and navy, cabinet and
legislature

62
63

Appendices:
-list of bills passed by legislature
and approved by gov gen

Report of Sec of Finance -comparative budget statement,


-Bureau of Customs receipts and expenditures, customs
-immigration/emigration collections, comparative foreign
-protest and appeals trade data + ibid
-secret service -foreign trade statistics
-control of opium traffic
-Bureau of Internal Revenue -tax collections (ibid),
-Bureau of Treasury apportionment of taxes, insurance
-general treasury cash account,
distribution and location of cash
balances, public debt, bonded
indebtedness, investments,
insurance

-Bureau of Printing -printing and binding for gov


agencies (cost, agency), q paper
consumed 1903,13,19, 31-32

Report of Sec of Interior


-Bureau of Education -school statistics
-Phil Heath Srvice -demographic data: returns of
-Bureau of Quarantine Service marriages, births and deaths in city
of Mla + provincial data for ditto
-q medical & non-medical personnel
-estimated population
-deaths from communicable
diseases, hospital capacity
nationwide..
-q insane in 4 hospitals, wards

Report of Dept of Justice: Judicial statistics


-office of sec of justice (personnel,
legislation, dept order)
-SC-CFI, provincial sheriffs, justice
of peace court: personnel, business
transacted)
-Bureau of Justice (personnel,
business transacted, financial
statement, administration of estates, -criminal cases, office of fiscal Mla
provincial fiscals, office of fiscal, -land registration: decrees issued
Mla & land registration office, (1903-32), cadastral cases, register
registrers of deeds) of deeds work accomplished,
income, expenditures (1926-32),
legislation resume

Penal statistics:
-Bureau of Prisons (personnel, -prison population in various
prison pop, discipline and order, prisons; comparative statement of q
escapes and attempts at prisoners in confinement (1928-32)
escape, operating costs, income, -q prisoners and crimes commited in
maintenance, subsistence, health Bilibid, San Ramon prison and
and, prison school, inspections trips, penal farm 1928-32
legislation, 5-yr economic program, -q habitual delinquents with

63
64

Bontoc penal colony, seed farm in respective offenses 1928-32


Davao) -average daily and yearly
maintenance cost
-annual expenditures of brueau of
prisons 1924-32
-total revenues of bureau of prison
and of industrial division
-yearly and daily cost of
maintenance per capita 1931-32
-value of subsistence supplies
consumed in 6 prisons
-comparative average daily cost of
subsistence per capita 1927-32

-Public Service commission:


business transacted

Report of Dept of Interior and


Labor

Report of Sec of Agriculture


(agricultural conditions, animal
industry, legislation, disposition of
friar lands)

Report of Dept of Commerce and


Communication
-Bureau of Public Works
-Bureau of Commerce and Industry
-Bureau of Labor (labor inspection,
workmen’s compensation, wage
claims, strikes, lockouts and other
industrial disputes, free employment
agencies, interisland migration,
emigration to Hawaii, labor
legislation)
-Labor (labor management,
unemployment, hours of labor,
wage and cost of living)
-financial statement
1933 Report of Gov Gen
outgoing: Roosevelt -balanced budget primary objective -Insular auditor’s consolidated
incoming: Murphy, Frank -all depts show savings statement of general, special and
-gov controlled companies bond funds 1930-35
(ic: ps) -progress of provincial finances -rate of savings to appropriations in
-legislation (community health gov depts 1933
social centers, child and maternal
health and welfare, slum clearance,
playgrounds, rural improvement,
unemployment)
-supplementary reports
-foreign trade -trade statistics (ten principal
imports 1933 and corresponding
figures 1929,
-comparative budget statements

Report of Sec of Justice: Judicial statistic:


-reorganisation (business -cases disposed by CFI judges
transacted)
-CFI -CFI business transacted

64
65

-SC
-Bureau of Prisons (subsistence + Penal statistics
ibid) -prison population, q prisoners in
confinement 1929-33
-crimes commited 1929/33 (Bilibid,
San Ramon)
-comparative average daily cost of
subsistence per capita 1929-33
-general land registration office -q decrees 1903-33

Report of Dept of Interior and


Labor
-regular provinces
-provinces under the jurisdiction of
the bureau of non-Christian tribes
-City of Baguio
-conditions of law and labor
1934 Report of Gov Gen
Murphy, Frank -constitutional changes -Insular auditor’s consolidated
-legislation statement of general, special and
(ic: ps) -balanced budget maintained bond funds 1930-35
-gov controlled companies -rate of savings to appropriations in
-provinces, social service gov depts 1933
-community health social centers
-slum clearance
-rural improvement
-unemployment
-public heath
-mining industry
-education -gov expenditures for all purposes
and percentages spent for school
purposes 1934
-foreign trade -10 principle imports & exports
according to rank
1935 Report of Gov Gen
Murphy, Frank -constitutional changes
-message of gov gen to Phil
(ic: ps) Legislature (education, public
works, interisland shipping,
aviation, constabulary, economic
dev, gov controlled companies gain,
public health and welfare, bureau of
science, administration of justice,
cultural destinies, gov finance,
political progress)
-elections
-peace and order
-legislation
-overseas trade -10 principle imports & exports
according to rank
-destination of 10 principal exports
-public finance -statement of results of operation,
current surpluses, annual
authorisations, disbursements and
cash position of the general fund of
the gov 1926-35
-bonded indebtedness
-currency
-sugar control
-trade conference

65
66

-cotton textile quota agreement

66