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Study Guide for Thursday's Quiz

1.Know the topographic features of Africa and how those features affected ancient
civilizations (those you labled on your maps in Workbook (11/26.)

2.Know the following concepts: (Workbook (11/26)

Black Land & Red Land

3.Know major similarities and differences between Egyptian and Nubian societies
(Workbook 11/26: Venn Diagram.)

4.Be able to identify major characteristics of the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms.
(Workbook 11/26)

5.Know the importance of the following characteristics of Egyptian Religion:

Tombs, Gods and Goddesses, & Pyramids. (Workbook 12/06)

6.Understand the importance of the Nile as a “Gift of Egypt.” (Workbook 11/26.)

7.Understand the importance of the Afterlife. (12/06)

8. Know the significance of the Primary Source “The Satire of Trades.” (Primary
Source-”6 A's)

9.Know the major social classes of Ancient Egyptian Society and what their
responsibilities and duties were.

** The Quiz covering all of this material will take place on Thursday,
December 16th! It will be open-note (not open book.)

Name:____________________ Date:_________

Ancient Egypt Quiz

Multiple Choice.
1.Delta river valleys affected ancient civilizations in Africa because... (1pt.)
(a)they protected them from foreign invaders.
(b)the land is rich with mineral silt deposits, making it a prime spot for farming
communities to develop.
(c)they made travel by water difficult, leading some civilizations to develop land
(d)it helps allow the Nile river to downhill.

2.Cataracts affected ancient civilizations by: (1pt.)

(a)making travel by water difficult, leading some civilizations to develop
land routes.
(b)they protected them from foreign invaders
(c)the land is rich with mineral silt deposits, making it a prime spot for
farming communities to develop.
(d.)it helps allow the Nile river to flow downhill.

3.Part of Egypt is considered to be a “Red Land” because: (1pt.)

(a.)it has hot, dry desert areas
(b.)it has lush, fertile areas suitable for growing crops
(c.)it has many pyramids that appear red when the sun goes down.
(d.)it is an area that is abundance with red dye.

4.For box #1, draw a picture of the Nile River. In your drawing, include a compass
and draw an arrow to show which direction the Nile River flows. For box #2,
explain how topography allows the Nile River to flow in that direction. (2pts)
Box #1 Box #2

5.Egypt is called the “gift of the Nile” because: (1 pt.)

(a.)it is a place where people worship many gods and exchange gifts
(b.)Egypt is majorily a desert region; the Nile river flows through this desert
area and has provided land with silt and fertile soil suitable for
farming communities, bringing civilizations that live there a
lot of wealth.
(c.)It has cataracts, which makes travel over water easier.
(d.)the deserts protect Egypt on both sides.

For each statement, write whether the description fits Egyptians, Nubians, or

6.Their section of the Nile was located farther North. _____________________(1pt)

7.Cataracts forced them to develop trade routes over land.


8.Depended on the Nile River as a life source. ____________________ (1 pt.)

9.Ancient African civilization _____________________ (1pt.)

10.Short answer. Read the quote (below) and explain what characteristic Egyptian
Religion the quote shows. Explain what the aspect means.

Write your answer in this box. Use complete sentences. Be sure to explain what the characteristic is.

11.Mummificiation (1 pt.)
(a.)was practiced to seperate priests from common laborers in order to
distinguish social class in the after life.
(b.)to preserve the body through the embalming process because they
thought the spirits of the dead needed their bodies.
(c.)Was never an option for all social classes; it was maintained only for
(d.)is a myth; we have no evidence that Egyptians practiced it!

12.Artifacts, food, and other treasures were placed in the coffins of Ancient
Egyptians. This tells us what about Ancient Egyptian society? (1 pt.)
(a.)They were hoarders
(b.)They believed their souls would return and use these items during the
(c.)They wanted to please the gods even after they were dead.
(d.)They wanted to lure tomb raiders to steel their bodies.

13.Choose the option below most accurately describes the author's purpose of the
following primary source from Ancient Egypt: (1 pt.)

“Look, there is no profession free of directors, except the

scribe-he IS the director. If, though, you know how to write
that is better life for you than these professions I show you..
A day in the school chamber [room] is more useful for you
than an eternity of its toil [lifetime of work] in the

(a.)The author is trying to explain why being a scribe is the worst

position in society.
(b.)The author's purpose is to force a scribe student to see how
his profession is better than every other, in order to motivate him to
work hard.
(c.)The author only intends to punish a scribe student.
(d.)The author is praising all of the other positions mentioned in
the text.

14.Short Answer: Choose Option A or Option B. (5 pts)

Option A: Identify the three major characteristics of Egyptian Religion and
explain how each characteristic is important for Egyptian Religion.
Option B: Identify the major social classes in Egyptian society and describe
important responsibilities and duties for each social class.

Total: /20 points