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The world is full of adventures, full of excitement, full of fun and

development which oftentimes may have direct and indirect effects in our lives

and our environment. It could give direct and indirect effect through the

application of the knowledge found and acquired therein.

Tourism can be defined as the science, art and business of attracting

visitors transporting them, accommodating them, and graciously catering to their

needs and wants.

Tourism is one of the significant sectors of modern day economy and is

complimentary to each other. The new world order has turned the whole mankind

into one family or society. Today’s world is a global village where distances have

no meaning. Although, tourism and travelling are the two phenomena, as old as

the civilized world, yet tourism evolved into a regular and well-organized industry

during the last century only.

In recent years, virtually every country through the world has taken steps

to increase its number of visitors. The decrease in the cost of air travel and the

continued development of technological resources such as the internet has

provided new opportunities for countries and individual tourism firms to promote

tourism. Both industrial leaders have almost universally recognized the economic

advantages that tourism can bring. However, what these countries have done to

make tourism a viable, growing segment of their economy varies widely from

virtually nothing to creating of superbly organized, highly productive tourism

facilities while the economic benefits of tourism have long been recognized.
Today greater attention is being paid to its environmental impacts, which can be

positive or negative, depending on how tourism is planned and managed.

Tourism can be considered one of the most remarkable socio-economic

phenomena of the twentieth century. From an activity “enjoyed by only a small

group of relatively well-off people” during the first half of the last century, it

gradually became a mass phenomenon during the post-World War II period,

particularly from the 1970s onwards. It now reaches larger and larger numbers of

people throughout the world, and is a source of employment for a significant

segment of the labour force. At the heart of the hospitality industry are the people

that directly or indirectly provide services to guest, members, customers and

other employees. In stepping into the 21st century, we find the competition is

greater than ever. Guest, members, and costumers expect more from the

business they patronize and the work force has new expectations of employers.

The training and professional development of employees are no longer optional

for organizations that hope to be around for the next decade or couple of years.

While tourism provides considerable economic benefits for many

countries, regions and communities, its rapid expansion can also be responsible

for adverse environmental (and socio-cultural) impacts. Natural resource

depletion and environmental degradation associated with tourism activities are

sometimes serious problems in tourism-rich regions. The management of natural

resources to reverse this trend is thus one of the most difficult challenges for

governments at different levels. The fact that most tourists chose to maintain

their relatively high patterns of consumption (and waste generation) when they
reach their destinations can be a particularly serious problem for developing

countries and regions without the appropriate means for protecting their natural

resources and local ecosystems from the pressures of mass tourism.

The main environmental impacts of tourism are (a) pressure on natural

resources, (b) pollution and waste generation and (c) damage to ecosystems.

Furthermore, it is now widely recognized that not only uncontrolled tourism

expansion is likely to lead to environmental degradation, but also that

environmental degradation, in turn, poses a serious threat to tourism.

With this, we decided to have an assessment of the environmental

strategies that the local government of Sagada, Mountain Province do for

sustaining their tourism industry. We come up to specifically study how Sagada

retain its natural beauty and sustain the environment for tourism industry to


Sagada with its geographical location, natural resources and rich culture

needs to be maintained and preserved. This enables us to encounter this

problem of sustaining the tourism industry of Sagada, considering its

environment, that How do the local government sustain their natural resources

while earning by means of their tourism industry.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to assess the environmental strategies for sustainable

tourism in Sagada, Mt. Province, Philippines.

Specifically, the study seeks to answer the following questions:

1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents, in terms of:

1.1 Age

1.2 Gender

1.3 Civil Status

1.4 Citizenship

1.5 Educational Attainment

1.6 Profession

2. What are the environmental strategies of the local government of Sagada,

in sustaining their tourism industry, in terms of:

2.1 Maintenance of Natural Resources

2.2 Pollution

2.3 Waste Disposal

3. How do the local government of Sagada sustain their tourism industry, in

terms of:

3.1 Rules and Regulations

3.2 Preservation of Tourist Spots

3.3 Promotion

3.4 Culture, Heritage and Traditions

What are the problems of Sagada, Mt. Province?

5. What are the causes and effects of the problems encountered in Sagada,

in sustaining their environmental strategies for tourism?

Significance of the Study

This study will endow the information to the following:

• For the Tourists, they will have awareness of the significance of

maintaining, conserving and preserving tourist spots for sustaining it for

the future generation to discover and explore.

• For the Residents, they will have knowledge on how to maintain, conserve

and preserve the natural resources around their vicinity to sustain their

tourism industry, increase employment that leads to the growth of their


• For the Local Government of Sagada, they will have this knowledge of

what they need to do to sustain their tourism industry while considering

their environmental resources.

• For the Researchers, they will endow knowledge for future allusions and,

• For the Students, they will need this for future study and use.