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REINFORCEMENT CHECK PER UG - 36

LIMITS OF SIZE OPENING THAT REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION per UG-36 Yes/No REINFORCEMENT REQUIREMENT
1 For Large Opening,If the size of opening is within 0.5Vessel D < Opening > 20",for 60" Vessel and less? YES Required per UG36-1a
2 For Large Opening,If the size of opening is within 0.33Vessel D < Opening > 40",for 60" Vessel and more? YES Required per UG36-1a
3 If the FINISHED OPENING is larger than 3.5" (89 mm) [ or PIPE Φ3" ] in Vessel required thickness 0.375" or less. YES Required per UG36-3a
4 If the FINISHED OPENING is larger than 2.375" (60 mm) [ or PIPE Φ2" ] in Vessel over required thickness 0.375". YES Required per UG36-3b

1 DETAIL
Reinforcement Check [ Vessel/Level Indicator]
2 NOZZLE MARK N - 11
3 DOCUMENT NO. No.1
4 DATE 09.26.2014
5 PREPARED BY RBA

6 Design Presure - Internal 3.12 Mpa


7 Design Temperature - Internal 215 oC
8 Design Presure - External 0 Mpa
9 Design Temperature - External 25 oC

SHELL SIDE A1,A2,A3,A41,A43, = Available for Area for


reinforcement where A42= 0,A5 =0 (No Pad)
10 Material Specification SA-516, 70
11 Allowable Stress,Operating(hot) 138 Mpa tn
12 Allowable Stress,Ambient(Cold) 138 Mpa
DIMENSION A2
13 Shell ID (New) 1200 mm A41 A41
A1
14 Shell nominal Thks. (New) 28.00 mm
L41
15 Corrosion Allowance - Internal 0.00 mm t
16 Corrosion Allowance - External 3.00 mm h
17 E of Joints 0.85
A3 A43
NOZZLE SIDE
NOZZLE INSERTED, NO NOZZLE INSERTED TO
18 Material Specification SA-106 B PAD, NO PROJECTION VESSEL WALL, NO PAD W/
INSIDE PROJECTION
19 Allowable Stress,Operating(hot) 118 Mpa
20 Allowable Stress,Ambient(Cold) 118 MPa
DIMENSION
21 Nozzle Size ND - 4" Check if reinforcement is required per UG-36 !
22 NPS Schedule 120
23 Nozzle OD (New) 114.30 mm
24 Nozzle Nominal Thks.(New) 11.13 mm
25 Corrosion Allowance (if any) 1.50 mm NOZZLE INSERTED – NO PAD – NO PROJECTION
26 E of Joints 1
SIZE OF WELD & Correction Factor Weld Range IF WITH NOZZLE PROJECTION
25 Fillet weld - Nozz. to Ves. A41 6.00 mm 9.63-28 mm Distance of Projection h 10.000
26 Groove weld - Nozz. to Ves. Gw 13.00 mm Max. 28 mm. Fillet weld(inner) A43 6.0000 9.63-28 mm
27 Joint Efficiency 1.00
28 Correction Factor F 1.00

CHECK POINTS OF INPUT VALUES


1 Nozzle is adequate reinforced per UG-45 requirements YES
2 Opening for Nozzle is adequately reinforced for Internal Pressure YES
3 Reinforcement pad calculation is not required per UG - 36(3 )(a) NO - PAD is Needed
4 Weld strenght paths are adequate YES
'file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/469390503.xlsx'#$Output

rff - version 1-2010


STRENGTH CALCULATION Designed by : RBA
Opening and Reinforcement - Design of welded conn. Date : 09.26.2014
Connection type C as per UG - 16.1 Document # : No.1

Reinforcement Check [ Vessel/Level Indicator] Nozzle N - 11


FIPTOI ANALYSIS : FAILURE IN PART TO OCCUR IF,
Area required to reinforce the hole made for the nozzle in shell < the available reinforcement made in nozzle
DESIGN INFORMATION
Design Pressure - Internal P : 3.12 Mpa Design Temperature - Internal : 215 oC
Design Pressure - External P : 0.00 Mpa Design Temperature - External : 25 o
C
DRUM/SHELL NOZZLE
1 Material Specification : SA-516, 70 1 Material Specification : SA-106 B
2 Allowable Stress, Operating(Hot) Sv : 138 Mpa 11 Nominal Pipe size : ND - 4" Sch.120
3 Allowable Stress,Ambient(Cold) Sv : 138 Mpa 2 Allowable Stress, Operating(Hot) Sn : 118 Mpa
4 Shell Diameter "ID" (new) : 1200 mm 2 Allowable Stress,Ambient(Cold) Sn : 118 Mpa
5 Shell wall thickness (new) : 28 mm 3 Outside "OD" (new) : 114.300 mm
7 Corrosion Allowance - Internal CAint : 0 mm 4 Nominal wall thickness (new) : 11.130 mm
8 Corrosion Allowance - External CAext : 3 mm 6 Corrosion Allowance CAn : 1.500 mm
6 Efficiency of Joints/Ligaments E : 0.85 5 Efficiency of Joints E: 1.00
9 Vessel Diameter "ID"Corroded Dv : 1200 mm 7 Nozzle "ID" (new) : 92.04 mm
10 Vessel Radius "R" Corroded Rv 600 mm 8 Nozzle "ID"Corroded (ID new + Can) Dn : 95.04 mm
11 Nominal Thickness(corr.) t : 28 mm 9 Nozzle inside "R" Corroded Rn : 47.520 mm
10 Nominal wall Thickness(corr.) tn 9.630 mm

METHOD OF NOZZLE CONNECTION AND WELD SIZES


Method of nozzle connection to vessel : NOZZLE INSERTED – NO PAD – NO PROJECTION
Check for Joint Efficiency E1 : 1.00
Correction Factor F: 1.00
Fillet weld (Upper) - (Nozzle/Vessel) L41 : 6
Groove weld - Vessel wall w/ nozzle Gw : 13
WITH NOZZLE PROJECTION INWARD :
Distance of nozzle projection inside h: 10 NR = Not Required in this Calculation
Fillet weld (Inner) - (Nozzle/Vessel) L43 : NR
Diameter of nozzle finished opening reference : ID

NOZZLE SKETCH
A1,A2,A3,A41,A43, = Available for Area for
reinforcement where A42= 0,A5 =0 (No Pad)
tn
Size of Weld
A2 L41 =6
A41 A41
A1 L43 = NR
L41
t Gw = 13
h

A3 A43
NOZZLE INSERTED, NO PAD, NOZZLE INSERTED TO VESSEL WALL,
NO PROJECTION INSIDE NO PAD W/ PROJECTION
rff - version 1-2010
STRENGTH CALCULATION Designed by : RBA
Opening and Reinforcement - Design of welded conn. Date : 09.26.2014
Connection type C as per UG - 16.1 Document # : No.1

Reinforcement Check [ Vessel/Level Indicator] Nozzle N - 11


REQUIRED THICKNESS PER UG - 37 (a)
Required thickness per UG - 37 (a) - NOZZLE
P * Rn 3.12* [ 47.52 ]
trn = trn = = 1.2767
( Sn * E - 0.6 * P ) 118*1 - 0.6*3.12

Required thickness per PG -27 (a) - Steam Drum


P* R 3.12* [600]
tr = tr = = 15.791
( Sv E - 0.6*P ) 138*0.85 -0.6*3.12

MINIMUM NOZZLE WALL THICKNESS BY UG - 45


Minimum thickness per UG - 45 (a) - required min. thickness should greater than ( tr + CAn )
tra = ( trn + CAint.+CAext. ) = ( 1.2767 + 1.5 + 3 ) = 4.277

Minimum thickness per UG - 45(b) tr(b) = Max (trb1,trb2,trb16)


(1) Thickness per UG-45(b)(1) - req. min. thickness should greater than (tr + CA ) per UG37(a) - INTERNAL LOADING

tr = ( tr + CAn ) = ( 15.791 + 0 ) = 15.791

(2) Thickness per UG-16(b)- required Min. thickness should not less than 1/16"
trb1 = Max (tr1,trb16) = ( 15.791,0.1667 ) = 15.791

(3) Thickness per UG-45(b)(2) - required Min. thickness should greater than ( tr + CAn ) per UG37(a) - External LOADING

with external pressure (Ex = 0) = 0

thus;
trb3 = Max(trb1,trb2) = ( 15.791,0 ) = 15.791

(4) Minimum thickness of standard wall pipe per ASME B36.10M with 12.5% ( 0.375" STD. thk. ) under tolerance
trb4 = 0.375 (1 - 0.125 )+Can = 0.375 (1 - 0.125 ) + 1.5 = 1.82813

therefore:
trb = Min(trb3,trb4) = ( 15.791,1.82813 ) = 1.828

Final required thickness, Larger as per UG45(a), UG45(b)


tr = Max(tra,trb) = 4.277

Actual nozzle thickness with 12.5% less (corrected to under tolerance)


tn = ( tnew * (1- 0.125)) = 9.739

Check! Actual = 9.739 Required = 4.277 Comments: Nozzle used is OK

SIZE OF WELD REQUIRED ( UW-16©, Fig. UW-16.1 Sketch © )

Upper Fillet Weld (Throat), L41 :


tmin = Min ( 19.05 , t , tn )
= Min (19.05,28,9.63)
= 9.63 28.0000 in.

(Minimum) tc min = Min ( 6.35, 0.7tmin )


= Min (6.35,0.7 * 9.63 )
= 6.35
rff - version 1-2010
STRENGTH CALCULATION Designed by : RBA
Opening and Reinforcement - Design of welded conn. Date : 09.26.2014
Connection type C as per UG - 16.1 Document # : No.1

Reinforcement Check [ Vessel/Level Indicator] Nozzle N - 11


(Actual) tc act = 0.70 * L41
= (0.7 * 6 )
= 4.2

Check! Actual = 4.2 Minimum = 6.35 Comments: NOT

Inner Fillet Weld (Throat ), L43 : for NOZZLE INSERTED – NO PAD – WITH PROJECTION
tmin = Min ( 3/4 , t , tn )
= Min (0.75,28,9.63)
= NR
(Minimum) tc min = Min ( 1/4, 0.7tmin )
= Min (0.25 ,0.7 * NR )
= NR

(Actual) tc act = 0.70 * L43


= (0.7 * NR)
= NR
Check! Actual = NR Minimum = NR Comments:
NR= Not Required in this Calculation

CHECK FOR LIMITS OF REINFORCEMENT

Limit parallel to the vessel wall lpvw = Max ( Dn, Rn+tn+t) Dn = 95.04 in. ( ID w/ 12.5% UT )
= Max ( 95.04 , 47.52 + 9.63 + 28 )
= Max (95.04 , 85.15)
= 95.04
Diameter of limit of reinforcement Drl = lpvw * 2
= 95.04 * 2
= 190.08
Diameter of finished opening d = Drl - Dn'
= 190.08 - 95.04
= 95.04
Limit normal to the vessel wall, Lnvw = Min ( 2.5 t, 2.5 tn + te )
= Min ( 2.5 * 28 , 2.5 * 9.63 + 0 ) where te = 0 ( No pad )

= Min ( 70 , 24.075 )
= 24.075
Limit parallel to the vessel wall (projection inside) , lpvw
= Min ( h, 2.5 t, 2.5 ti ) where ti = tn

= Min (10 , 2.5*28 , 2.5*9.63)


= NR
Check! Actual = 10 Minimum = NR Comments: OK
rff - version 1-2010
STRENGTH CALCULATION Designed by : RBA
Opening and Reinforcement - Design of welded conn. Date : 09.26.2014
Connection type C as per UG - 16.1 Document # : No.1

Reinforcement Check [ Vessel/Level Indicator] Nozzle N - 11


CHECK FOR REDUCTION FACTOR
Reduction Factor fr1 = Min (1,Sn/Sv)

= Min ( 1,118/138)
= 0.855
Reduction Factor fr2 = Min (1,Sn/Sv)

= Min ( 1,118/138)
= 0.855
Reduction Factor fr3 = Min (fr2,fr4)

= Min (0.855,0.855)
= 0.855
Reduction Factor fr4 = Min (Sp/Sv, Sn/Sv))

= Min ( Sp / 138,118/138)
= 0.855 ( No Pad )

CHECK NOZZLE CONNECTION WITHOUT REINFORCING ELEMENT


Area of reinforcement required:
A = d tr F + 2tntrF(1-fr1)
= 95.04*15.791*1+2*9.63*15.791*1(1 - 0.855) = 1544.88 mm2

therefore the required area of reinforcement must be exceeded by the availability of reinforcement both
from shell & nozzle to make it the same strenght of original material.

E. CHECK FOR AVAILABLE AREA OF REINFORCEMENT


1 Area available in shell A1a = d( E1 t - F tr ) - 2tn (E1t - Ftr)(1- fr1) = 1126.25
A1b = ( E1 t - F tr )( tn + t ) 2 = 918.849
A1 = Max ( A1a,A1b) = 1126.25
2 Area available in nozzle upward A2a = 5(tn - trn) tfr2 or 2(lnvw)(tn-trn)fr2 = 999.89
A2b = 5(tn - trn) tnfr2 = 343.89

= 2(tn - trn)( 2.5tn + te)fr1 = ( No pad = 0)


A2 = Min ( A2a,A2b) = 343.89
3 Area available in nozzle inward A3 = 2 ti(Min(h,2.5t,2.5ti)fr2 = 0

4 Area available in upper fillet weld A41 = 2(1/2)(L412 fr1) = 30.780

Area available in pad fillet weld A42 = 2(1/2)(L422 fr2) (No Pad) = 0.000

Area available in fillet weld (inside) A43 = 2(1/2)(L43 fr2)2


= 0

5 Area available in pad A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) tex fr4 (No Pad) = 0

Therefore available area of reinforcement = A1 + A2 + A3 + A41+ A42+A43+ A5 = 1500.92 mm2

There is no sufficient reinforcement made from welding of nozzle to shell, therefore REINFORCING ELEMENT IS NEEDED
rff - version 1-2010
STRENGTH CALCULATION Designed by : RBA
Opening and Reinforcement - Design of welded conn. Date : 09.26.2014
Connection type C as per UG - 16.1 Document # : No.1

Reinforcement Check [ Vessel/Level Indicator] Nozzle N - 11


ADEQUACY ASSESMENT OF FAILURE PATH & STRENGTH OF WELD
A. LOAD TO BE CARRIED BY WELD as per Fig UG 41.1 skecth (a)

1.0 Load to be carried by weld W = (A - A1+2tnfr1(E1t-Ftr))Sv = 85,515.6


2.0 Load to be carried by weld W1-1 = (A2+A5+A41+A42)Sv = 51,704.6
3.0 Load to be carried by weld W2-2 = (A2+A3+A41+A43 + 2tntfr1)Sv = 115,334.2
4.0 Load to be carried by weld W3-3 = (A2+A3+A5+A41+A42 +A43+ 2tntfr1)Sv = 115,334.2
B. UNIT STRESSES ON WELD AS PER (UW-15© AND UG-45© )

1.0 Nozzle wall shear Snw = 70% x Sn = 82.60


2.0 Upper fillet weld shear (L41) Supw = 49% x Sn = 57.82
3.0 Vessel groove weld tension Tgw = 74% x Sv = 87.32
4.0 Inner fillet weld shear (L43) Sifw = 49% x Sn = 57.82
C. STRENGHT OF CONNECTION ELEMENTS

1.0 Nozzle wall shear Snw' = 1.57 X mean Nozzle D x tn x Snw = 130,715.84
2.0 Upper fillet in shear Supw' = 1.57 X Nozzle OD x L41 x Supw = 62,255.14
3.0 Groove weld in tension Tgw' = 1.57 X Nozzle OD x Gw x Tgw = 203,705.60
4.0 Inner fillet in shear Sifw' = 1.57 X Nozzle OD x L43 x Sifw = 0
D. STRENGTH FOR THIS PATH PATH LOAD FOR THIS PATH as per UG-41(b)(1)

1.0 Snw'+ Supw' = 192,970.98 Through (1) and (1) W1-1 = 51,704.6 OK! Safe
2.0 Tgw'+Sifw'+Supw' = 265,960.74 Through (2) and(2) W2-2 = 115,334.2 OK! Safe
3.0 Tgw'+Sifw'+Supw' = 265,960.74 Through (3) and(3) W3-3 = 115,334.2 OK! Safe

2 Failed

B
3
1 1

3
2

E. CHECK OF STRENGTH PATH AGAINST LOAD TO BE CARRIED BY WELD,W

1.0 Snw'+ Supw' = 192,970.98 > 85,515.58 OK! Safe


2.0 Tgw'+Sifw'+Supw' = 265,960.74 > 85,515.58 OK! Safe
3.0 Tgw'+Sifw'+Supw' = 265,960.74 > 85,515.58 OK! Safe

CHECK POINTS; Remarks


1 Nozzle is adequate reinforced per UG-45 requirements YES

2 Opening for Nozzle is adequately reinforced for Internal Pressure YES


3 Reinforcement pad calculation is not required per UG - 36(3 )(a) NO - PAD is Needed
4 Weld strenght paths are adequate YES

Nozzle size : ND - 4" Sch.120 Nozzle OD : 114.300 mm Fillet Weld (L41) : 6 mm


: SA-106 B Nozzle Thk. : 11.130 mm Fillet Weld (L43) : NR mm
Nozzle Angle : 90 degrees Groove Weld (Gw) : 13 mm
Nominal Desig- Outside Wall Inside Weight Weight
Pipe Size nation Dia. Thickness Dia. Lbs/ Ft. Kg/M
1/8 10S 0.405 0.049 0.307 0.186 0.277
1/8 Std. 0.405 0.068 0.269 0.244 0.363
1/8 X-Stg. 0.405 0.095 0.215 0.314 0.467

1/4 10S 0.540 0.065 0.410 0.330 0.491


1/4 Std. 0.540 0.088 0.364 0.424 0.631
1/4 X-Stg. 0.540 0.119 0.302 0.535 0.796

3/8 10S 0.675 0.065 0.545 0.423 0.629


3/8 Std. 0.675 0.091 0.493 0.567 0.844
3/8 X-Stg. 0.675 0.126 0.423 0.738 1.098

1/2 10S 0.840 0.083 0.674 0.671 0.999


1/2 Std. 0.840 0.109 0.622 0.850 1.265
1/2 X-Stg. 0.840 0.147 0.546 1.087 1.618
1/2 160 0.840 0.138 0.564 1.310 1.949
1/2 XX-Stg. 0.840 0.294 0.252 1.714 2.551

3/4 10S 1.050 0.083 0.884 0.857 1.275


3/4 Std. 1.050 0.113 0.824 1.130 1.682
3/4 X-Stg. 1.050 0.154 0.742 1.473 2.192
3/4 160 1.050 0.219 0.612 1.940 2.887
3/4 XX-Stg. 1.050 0.308 0.434 2.440 3.631

1 10S 1.315 0.109 1.097 1.404 2.089


1 Std. 1.315 0.133 1.049 1.678 2.497
1 X-Stg. 1.315 0.179 0.957 2.171 3.231
1 160 1.315 0.250 0.815 2.850 4.241
1 XX-Stg. 1.315 0.358 0.599 3.659 5.445

1 1/4 10S 1.660 0.109 1.442 1.806 2.688


1 1/4 Std. 1.660 0.140 1.380 2.272 3.381
1 1/4 - 1.660 0.191 1.278 2.996 4.459
1 1/4 - 1.660 0.250 1.160 3.764 5.601
1 1/4 - 1.660 0.382 0.896 5.214 7.759

1 1/2 10S 1.900 0.109 1.682 2.085 3.103


1 1/2 Std. 1.900 0.145 1.610 2.717 4.043
1 1/2 X-Stg. 1.900 0.200 1.500 3.631 5.404
1 1/2 160 1.900 0.281 1.338 4.862 7.235
1 1/2 XX-Stg. 1.900 0.400 1.100 6.408 9.536

2 10S 2.375 0.109 2.157 2.638 3.926


2 Std. 2.375 0.154 2.067 3.652 5.435
2 X-Stg. 2.375 0.218 1.939 5.022 7.474
2 - 2.375 0.250 1.875 5.673 8.442
2 160 2.375 0.344 1.687 7.450 11.087
2 XX-Stg. 2.375 0.436 1.503 9.029 13.437
2 1/2 10S 2.875 0.120 2.635 3.530 5.253
2 1/2 Std. 2.875 0.203 2.469 5.790 8.616
2 1/2 X-Stg. 2.875 0.276 2.323 7.660 11.399
2 1/2 160 2.875 0.375 2.125 10.010 14.897
2 1/2 XX-Stg. 2.875 0.552 1.771 13.690 20.373

3 10S 3.5 0.120 3.26 4.33 6.444


3 API 3.5 0.125 3.25 4.52 6.727
3 API 3.5 0.156 3.188 5.58 8.304
3 API 3.5 0.188 3.124 6.65 9.896
3 Std. 3.5 0.216 3.068 7.57 11.265
3 API 3.5 0.250 3 8.68 12.917
3 API 3.5 0.281 2.938 9.65 14.361
3 X-Stg. 3.5 0.300 2.9 10.25 15.254
3 160 3.5 0.438 2.624 14.32 21.311
3 XX-Stg. 3.5 0.600 2.3 18.58 27.650

3 1/2 10S 4 0.120 4.97 7.396


3 1/2 API 4 0.125 3.75 5.18 7.709
3 1/2 API 4 0.156 3.688 6.41 9.539
3 1/2 API 4 0.188 3.624 7.71 11.474
3 1/2 Std. 4 0.226 3.548 9.11 13.557
3 1/2 API 4 0.250 3.5 10.02 14.911
3 1/2 API 4 0.281 3.438 11.17 16.623
3 1/2 X-Stg. 4 0.318 3.364 12.51 18.617
3 1/2 XX-Stg. 4 0.636 2.728 22.85 34.005

4 10S 4.5 0.120 4.26 5.61 8.349


4 API 4.5 0.125 4.25 5.84 8.691
4 API 4.5 0.156 4.188 7.24 10.774
4 API 4.5 0.188 4.124 8.56 12.739
4 API 4.5 0.219 4.062 10.02 14.911
4 Std. 4.5 0.237 4.026 10.79 16.057
4 API 4.5 0.250 4 11.35 16.891
4 API 4.5 0.281 3.938 12.67 18.855
4 API 4.5 0.312 3.876 14.00 20.834
4 X-Stg. 4.5 0.337 3.826 14.98 22.293
4 120 4.5 0.438 3.624 19.00 28.275
4 -- 4.5 0.500 3.5 21.36 31.787
4 160 4.5 0.531 3.438 22.60 33.633
4 XX-Stg. 4.5 0.674 3.152 27.54 40.984

5 10S 5.563 0.134 5.295 7.77 11.563


5 API 5.563 0.156 5.251 9.02 13.423
5 API 5.563 0.188 5.187 10.80 16.072
5 API 5.563 0.219 5.125 12.51 18.617
5 Std. 5.563 0.258 5.047 14.62 21.757
5 API 5.563 0.281 5.001 15.86 23.602
5 API 5.563 0.312 4.939 17.51 26.058
5 API 5.563 0.344 4.875 19.19 28.558
5 X-Stg. 5.563 0.375 4.813 20.78 30.924
5 120 5.563 0.500 4.563 27.10 40.329
5 160 5.563 0.625 4.313 32.96 49.050
5 XX-Stg. 5.563 0.750 4.063 38.55 57.369

6 12 Ga. 6.625 0.104 6.417 7.25 10.789


6 10S 6.625 0.134 6.357 9.29 13.825
6 8 Ga. 6.625 0.164 6.297 11.33 16.861
6 API 6.625 0.188 6.249 12.93 19.242
6 6Ga. 6.625 0.194 6.237 13.34 19.852
6 API 6.625 0.219 6.187 15.02 22.352
6 API 6.625 0.250 6.125 17.02 25.329
6 API 6.625 0.277 6.071 18.86 28.067
6 Std. 6.625 0.280 6.065 18.97 28.230
6 API 6.625 0.312 6.001 21.05 31.326
6 API 6.625 0.344 5.937 23.09 34.362
6 API 6.625 0.375 5.875 25.10 37.353
6 X-Stg. 6.625 0.432 5.761 28.57 42.517
6 -- 6.625 0.500 5.625 32.79 48.797
6 120 6.625 0.562 5.501 36.40 54.169
6 160 6.625 0.719 5.187 45.30 67.414
6 XX-Stg. 6.625 0.864 4.897 53.16 79.111

8 12 Ga. 8.625 0.104 8.417 9.47 14.093


8 10 Ga. 8.625 0.134 8.357 12.16 18.096
8 10S 8.625 0.148 8.329 13.40 19.941
8 8 Ga. 8.625 0.164 8.297 14.83 22.069
8 API 8.625 0.188 8.249 16.90 25.150
8 6 Ga. 8.625 0.194 8.237 17.48 26.013
8 API 8.625 0.203 8.219 18.30 27.233
8 API 8.625 0.219 8.187 19.64 29.228
8 3 Ga. 8.625 0.239 8.147 21.42 31.876
8 20 8.625 0.250 8.125 22.40 33.335
8 30 8.625 0.277 8.071 24.70 36.758
8 API 8.625 0.312 8.001 27.72 41.252
8 Std. 8.625 0.322 7.981 28.55 42.487
8 API 8.625 0.344 7.937 30.40 45.240
8 API 8.625 0.375 7.875 33.10 49.258
8 60 8.625 0.406 7.813 35.70 53.127
8 API 8.625 0.438 7.749 38.33 57.041
8 X-Stg. 8.625 0.500 7.625 43.39 64.571
8 100 8.625 0.594 7.437 50.90 75.748
8 -- 8.625 0.625 7.375 53.40 79.468
8 120 8.625 0.719 7.187 60.70 90.332
8 140 8.625 0.812 7.001 67.80 100.898
8 XX-Stg. 8.625 0.875 6.875 72.42 107.773
8 160 8.625 0.906 6.813 74.70 111.166

10 12 Ga. 10.750 0.104 10.542 11.83 17.605


10 10 Ga. 10.750 0.134 10.482 15.21 22.635
10 8 Ga. 10.750 0.164 10.422 18.56 27.620
10 10S 10.750 0.165 10.420 18.65 27.754
10 API 10.750 0.188 10.374 21.12 31.430
10 6 Ga. 10.750 0.194 10.362 21.89 32.576
10 API 10.750 0.203 10.344 22.86 34.019
10 API 10.750 0.219 10.312 24.60 36.609
10 3 Ga. 10.750 0.239 10.272 28.05 41.743
10 20 10.750 0.250 10.250 28.03 41.713
10 API 10.750 0.279 10.192 31.20 46.431
10 30 10.750 0.307 10.136 34.24 50.955
10 API 10.750 0.344 10.062 38.26 56.937
10 Std. 10.750 0.365 10.020 40.48 60.241
10 API 10.750 0.438 9.874 48.28 71.849
10 X-Stg. 10.750 0.500 9.750 54.74 81.462
10 80 10.750 0.594 9.562 64.40 95.838
10 100 10.750 0.719 9.312 77.00 114.589
10 -- 10.750 0.750 9.250 80.10 119.202
10 120 10.750 0.844 9.062 89.20 132.744
10 140 10.750 1.000 8.750 104.20 155.067
10 160 10.750 1.125 8.500 116.00 172.627

12 12 Ga. 12.750 0.104 12.542 14.10 20.983


12 10 Ga. 12.750 0.134 12.482 18.10 26.936
12 8 Ga. 12.750 0.164 12.422 22.10 32.888
12 10S 12.750 0.180 12.390 24.20 36.014
12 6 Ga. 12.750 0.194 12.362 26.00 38.692
12 API 12.750 0.203 12.344 27.20 40.478
12 API 12.750 0.219 12.312 29.30 43.603
12 3 Ga. 12.750 0.239 12.272 32.00 47.621
12 20 12.750 0.250 12.250 33.40 49.705
12 API 12.750 0.281 12.188 37.40 55.657
12 API 12.750 0.312 12.126 41.50 61.759
12 30 12.750 0.330 12.090 43.80 65.182
12 API 12.750 0.344 12.062 45.50 67.711
12 Std. 12.750 0.375 12.000 49.60 73.813
12 40 12.750 0.406 11.938 53.60 79.766
12 API 12.750 0.438 11.874 57.50 85.569
12 X-Stg. 12.750 0.500 11.750 65.40 97.326
12 60 12.750 0.562 11.626 73.20 108.934
12 -- 12.750 0.625 11.500 80.90 120.392
12 80 12.750 0.688 11.374 88.60 131.851
12 -- 12.750 0.750 11.250 96.20 143.161
12 100 12.750 0.844 11.062 108.00 160.722
12 -- 12.750 0.875 11.000 110.90 165.037
12 120 12.750 1.000 10.750 125.50 186.765
12 140 12.750 1.125 10.500 140.00 208.343
12 -- 12.750 1.250 10.250 153.60 228.582
12 160 12.750 1.312 10.126 161.00 239.594
12 -- 12.750 1.375 10.000 167.20 248.821
12 -- 12.750 1.500 9.750 180.40 268.465

14 10 Ga. 14.000 0.134 13.732 20 29.763


14 8 Ga. 14.000 0.164 13.672 24 35.716
14 6 Ga. 14.000 0.194 13.612 29 43.157
14 API 14.000 0.210 13.580 31 46.133
14 API 14.000 0.219 13.562 32 47.621
14 3 Ga. 14.000 0.239 13.522 35 52.086
14 10 14.000 0.250 13.500 37 55.062
14 API 14.000 0.281 13.438 41 61.015
14 20 14.000 0.312 13.376 46 68.456
14 API 14.000 0.344 13.312 50 74.408
14 Std. 14.000 0.375 13.250 55 81.849
14 40 14.000 0.438 13.124 63 93.754
14 X-Stg. 14.000 0.500 13.000 72 107.148
14 60 14.000 0.594 12.812 85 126.494
14 -- 14.000 0.625 12.750 89 132.447
14 80 14.000 0.750 12.500 107 159.234
14 -- 14.000 0.875 12.250 123 183.044
14 100 14.000 0.938 12.124 131 194.949
14 -- 14.000 1.000 12.000 139 206.855
14 120 14.000 1.094 11.812 151 224.713
14 -- 14.000 1.125 11.750 155 230.665
14 140 14.000 1.250 11.500 171 254.476
14 -- 14.000 1.375 11.250 186 276.799
14 160 14.000 1.406 11.188 190 282.751
14 -- 14.000 1.500 11.000 200 297.633

16 10 Ga. 16.000 0.134 15.732 23 34.228


16 8 Ga. 16.000 0.164 15.672 28 41.669
16 -- 16.000 0.188 15.624 32 47.621
16 6 Ga. 16.000 0.194 15.612 33 49.109
16 API 16.000 0.219 15.562 37 55.062
16 3 Ga. 16.000 0.239 15.522 40 59.527
16 10 16.000 0.250 15.500 42 62.503
16 API 16.000 0.281 15.438 47 69.944
16 20 16.000 0.312 15.376 52 77.385
16 API 16.000 0.344 15.312 57 84.825
16 Std. 16.000 0.375 15.250 63 93.754
16 API 16.000 0.438 15.124 73 108.636
16 X-Stg. 16.000 0.500 15.000 83 123.518
16 -- 16.000 0.625 14.750 103 153.281
16 60 16.000 0.656 14.688 108 160.722
16 -- 16.000 0.750 14.500 122 181.556
16 80 16.000 0.844 14.312 137 203.878
16 -- 16.000 0.875 14.250 141 209.831
16 -- 16.000 1.000 14.000 160 238.106
16 100 16.000 1.031 13.938 165 245.547
16 -- 16.000 1.125 13.750 179 266.381
16 120 16.000 1.219 13.562 193 287.216
16 -- 16.000 1.250 13.500 197 293.168
16 -- 16.000 1.375 13.250 215 319.955
16 140 16.000 1.438 13.124 224 333.349
16 -- 16.000 1.500 13.000 232 345.254
16 160 16.000 1.594 12.812 245 364.600

18 10 Ga. 18.000 0.134 17.732 26 38.692


18 8 Ga. 18.000 0.164 17.672 31 46.133
18 6 Ga. 18.000 0.194 17.612 37 55.062
18 3 Ga. 18.000 0.239 17.522 45 66.967
18 10 18.000 0.250 17.500 47 69.944
18 API 18.000 0.281 17.438 49 72.920
18 20 18.000 0.312 17.376 59 87.802
18 API 18.000 0.344 17.312 65 96.731
18 Std. 18.000 0.375 17.250 71 105.660
18 API 18.000 0.406 17.188 76 113.100
18 30 18.000 0.438 17.124 82 122.029
18 X-Stg. 18.000 0.500 17.000 93 138.399
18 40 18.000 0.562 16.876 105 156.257
18 -- 18.000 0.625 16.750 116 172.627
18 60 18.000 0.750 16.500 138 205.367
18 -- 18.000 0.875 16.250 160 238.106
18 80 18.000 0.938 16.124 171 254.476
18 -- 18.000 1.000 16.000 182 270.846
18 -- 18.000 1.125 15.750 203 302.097
18 100 18.000 1.156 15.688 208 309.538
18 -- 18.000 1.250 15.500 224 333.349
18 120 18.000 1.375 15.250 244 363.112
18 -- 18.000 1.500 15.000 265 394.363
18 140 18.000 1.562 14.876 275 409.245
18 160 18.000 1.781 14.438 309 459.843

20 10 Ga. 20.000 0.134 19.732 28 41.669


20 8 Ga. 20.000 0.164 19.672 35 52.086
20 6 Ga. 20.000 0.194 19.612 41 61.015
20 3 Ga. 20.000 0.239 19.522 50 74.408
20 10 20.000 0.250 19.500 53 78.873
20 API 20.000 0.281 19.438 59 87.802
20 API 20.000 0.312 19.376 66 98.219
20 API 20.000 0.344 19.312 72 107.148
20 Std. 20.000 0.375 19.250 79 117.565
20 API 20.000 0.406 19.188 85 126.494
20 API 20.000 0.438 19.124 92 136.911
20 X-Stg. 20.000 0.500 19.000 105 156.257
20 40 20.000 0.594 18.812 123 183.044
20 -- 20.000 0.625 18.750 129 191.973
20 60 20.000 0.812 18.376 167 248.523
20 -- 20.000 0.875 18.250 179 266.381
20 -- 20.000 1.000 18.000 203 302.097
20 80 20.000 1.031 17.938 209 311.026
20 -- 20.000 1.125 17.750 227 337.813
20 -- 20.000 1.250 17.500 250 372.041
20 100 20.000 1.281 17.438 256 380.970
20 -- 20.000 1.375 17.250 274 407.757
20 120 20.000 1.500 17.000 297 441.985
20 140 20.000 1.750 16.500 342 508.952
20 160 20.000 1.969 16.062 379 564.014

22 8 Ga. 22.000 0.164 21.672 38 56.550


22 6 Ga. 22.000 0.194 21.612 45 66.967
22 3 Ga. 22.000 0.239 21.522 56 83.337
22 API 22.000 0.250 21.500 58 86.314
22 API 22.000 0.281 21.438 65 96.731
22 API 22.000 0.312 21.376 72 107.148
22 API 22.000 0.344 21.312 80 119.053
22 API 22.000 0.375 21.250 87 129.470
22 API 22.000 0.406 21.188 94 139.887
22 API 22.000 0.438 21.124 101 150.305
22 API 22.000 0.500 21.000 115 171.139
22 -- 22.000 0.625 20.750 143 212.807
22 -- 22.000 0.750 20.500 170 252.988
22 -- 22.000 0.875 20.250 198 294.656
22 -- 22.000 1.000 20.000 224 333.349
22 -- 22.000 1.125 19.750 251 373.529
22 -- 22.000 1.250 19.500 277 412.221
22 -- 22.000 1.375 19.250 303 450.914
22 -- 22.000 1.500 19.000 329 489.606

24 8 Ga. 24.000 0.164 23.672 42 62.503


24 6 Ga. 24.000 0.194 23.612 49 72.920
24 3 Ga. 24.000 0.239 23.522 61 90.778
24 10 24.000 0.250 23.500 63 93.754
24 API 24.000 0.281 23.438 71 105.660
24 API 24.000 0.312 23.376 79 117.565
24 API 24.000 0.344 23.312 87 129.470
24 Std. 24.000 0.375 23.250 95 141.376
24 API 24.000 0.406 23.188 102 151.793
24 API 24.000 0.438 23.124 110 163.698
24 X-Stg. 24.000 0.500 23.000 125 186.021
24 30 24.000 0.562 22.876 141 209.831
24 -- 24.000 0.625 22.750 156 232.154
24 40 24.000 0.688 22.624 171 254.476
24 -- 24.000 0.750 22.500 186 276.799
24 -- 24.000 0.875 22.250 216 321.443
24 60 24.000 0.969 22.062 238 354.183
24 -- 24.000 1.000 22.000 246 366.088
24 -- 24.000 1.125 21.750 275 409.245
24 80 24.000 1.219 21.562 297 441.985
24 -- 24.000 1.250 21.500 304 452.402
24 -- 24.000 1.375 21.250 332 494.070
24 -- 24.000 1.500 21.000 361 537.227
24 100 24.000 1.531 20.938 367 546.156
24 120 24.000 1.812 20.376 429 638.422
24 140 24.000 2.062 19.876 484 720.271
24 160 24.000 2.344 19.312 542 806.585

26 8 Ga. 26.000 0.164 25.672 45 66.967


26 6 Ga. 26.000 0.194 25.612 54 80.361
26 3 Ga. 26.000 0.239 25.522 66 98.219
26 API 26.000 0.250 25.500 67 99.707
26 API 26.000 0.281 25.438 77 114.589
26 API 26.000 0.312 25.376 84 125.006
26 API 26.000 0.344 25.312 94 139.887
26 API 26.000 0.375 25.250 103 153.281
26 API 26.000 0.406 25.188 111 165.186
26 API 26.000 0.438 25.124 120 178.580
26 API 26.000 0.500 25.000 136 202.390
26 -- 26.000 0.625 24.750 169 251.500
26 -- 26.000 0.750 24.500 202 300.609
26 -- 26.000 0.875 24.250 235 349.719
26 -- 26.000 1.000 24.000 267 397.340
26 -- 26.000 1.125 23.750 299 444.961
26 -- 26.000 1.375 23.250 362 538.715
26 -- 26.000 1.500 23.000 393 584.848

30 8 Ga. 30.000 0.164 29.672 52 77.385


30 6 Ga. 30.000 0.194 29.612 62 92.266
30 3 Ga. 30.000 0.239 29.522 76 113.100
30 API 30.000 0.250 29.500 79 117.565
30 API 30.000 0.281 29.438 89 132.447
30 10 30.000 0.312 29.376 99 147.328
30 API 30.000 0.344 29.312 109 162.210
30 API 30.000 0.375 29.250 119 177.092
30 API 30.000 0.406 29.188 130 193.461
30 API 30.000 0.438 29.124 138 205.367
30 20 30.000 0.500 29.000 158 235.130
30 30 30.000 0.625 28.750 196 291.680
30 -- 30.000 0.750 28.500 234 348.230
30 -- 30.000 0.875 28.250 272 404.781
30 -- 30.000 1.000 28.000 310 461.331
30 -- 30.000 1.125 27.750 347 516.393
30 -- 30.000 1.250 27.500 384 571.455
30 -- 30.000 1.375 27.250 421 626.517
30 -- 30.000 1.500 27.000 457 680.091

32 API 32.000 0.250 31.500 85 126.494


32 API 32.000 0.281 31.438 95 141.376
32 API 32.000 0.312 31.376 106 157.745
32 API 32.000 0.344 31.312 116 172.627
32 API 32.000 0.375 31.250 127 188.997
32 API 32.000 0.406 31.188 137 203.878
32 API 32.000 0.438 31.124 148 220.248
32 API 32.000 0.500 31.000 168 250.012
32 -- 32.000 0.625 30.750 209 311.026
32 -- 32.000 0.750 30.500 250 372.041
32 -- 32.000 0.875 30.250 291 433.056
32 -- 32.000 1.000 30.000 331 492.582
32 -- 32.000 1.125 29.750 371 552.109
32 -- 32.000 1.250 29.500 410 610.147
32 -- 32.000 1.375 29.250 450 669.674
32 -- 32.000 1.500 29.000 489 727.712

34 API 34.000 0.250 33.500 90 133.935


34 API 34.000 0.281 33.438 101 150.305
34 API 34.000 0.312 33.376 112 166.674
34 API 34.000 0.344 33.312 124 184.532
34 API 34.000 0.375 33.250 135 200.902
34 API 34.000 0.406 33.188 146 217.272
34 API 34.000 0.438 33.124 157 233.642
34 API 34.000 0.500 33.000 179 266.381
34 -- 34.000 0.625 32.750 223 331.861
34 -- 34.000 0.750 32.500 266 395.852
34 -- 34.000 0.875 32.250 308 458.355
34 -- 34.000 1.000 32.000 353 525.322
34 -- 34.000 1.125 31.750 395 587.825
34 -- 34.000 1.250 31.500 437 650.328
34 -- 34.000 1.375 31.250 479 712.831
34 -- 34.000 1.500 31.000 521 775.333

36 -- 36.000 0.164 35.672 63 93.754


36 -- 36.000 0.194 35.612 74 110.124
36 -- 36.000 0.239 35.522 91 135.423
36 API 36.000 0.250 35.500 96 142.864
36 API 36.000 0.281 35.438 107 159.234
36 API 36.000 0.312 35.376 119 177.092
36 API 36.000 0.344 35.312 131 194.949
36 API 36.000 0.375 35.250 143 212.807
36 API 36.000 0.406 35.188 154 229.177
36 API 36.000 0.438 35.124 166 247.035
36 API 36.000 0.500 35.000 190 282.751
36 -- 36.000 0.625 34.750 236 351.207
36 -- 36.000 0.750 34.500 282 419.662
36 -- 36.000 0.875 34.250 329 489.606
36 -- 36.000 1.000 34.000 374 556.573
36 -- 36.000 1.125 33.750 419 623.541
36 -- 36.000 1.250 33.500 464 690.508
36 -- 36.000 1.375 33.250 509 757.475
36 -- 36.000 1.500 33.000 553 822.955

42 -- 42.000 0.250 41.500 112 166.674


42 -- 42.000 0.375 41.250 167 248.523
42 -- 42.000 0.500 41.000 222 330.372
42 -- 42.000 0.625 40.750 276 410.733
42 -- 42.000 0.750 40.500 331 492.582
42 -- 42.000 0.875 40.250 385 572.943
42 -- 42.000 1.000 40.000 438 651.816
42 -- 42.000 1.125 39.750 492 732.177
42 -- 42.000 1.250 39.500 544 809.561
42 -- 42.000 1.375 39.250 597 888.434
42 -- 42.000 1.500 39.000 649 965.818
Wall
Thickness,mm
1.2446
1.7272
2.413

1.651
2.2352
3.0226

1.651
2.3114
3.2004

2.1082
2.7686
3.7338
3.5052
7.4676

2.1082
2.8702
3.9116
5.5626
7.8232

2.7686
3.3782
4.5466
6.35
9.0932

0.109
0.140
0.191
0.250
0.382

2.7686
3.683
5.08
7.1374
10.16

2.7686
3.9116
5.5372
6.35
8.7376
11.0744
3.048
5.1562
7.0104
9.525
14.0208

3.048
3.175
3.9624
4.7752
5.4864
6.35
7.1374
7.62
11.1252
15.24

3.048
3.175
3.9624
4.7752
5.7404
6.35
7.1374
8.0772
16.1544

3.048
3.175
3.9624
4.7752
5.5626
6.0198
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.5598
11.1252
12.7
13.4874
17.1196

3.4036
3.9624
4.7752
5.5626
6.5532
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
12.7
15.875
19.05

2.6416
3.4036
4.1656
4.7752
4.9276
5.5626
6.35
7.0358
7.112
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.9728
12.7
14.2748
18.2626
21.9456

2.6416
3.4036
3.7592
4.1656
4.7752
4.9276
5.1562
5.5626
6.0706
6.35
7.0358
7.9248
8.1788
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.0876
15.875
18.2626
20.6248
22.225
23.0124

2.6416
3.4036
4.1656
4.191
4.7752
4.9276
5.1562
5.5626
6.0706
6.35
7.0866
7.7978
8.7376
9.271
11.1252
12.7
15.0876 15.0876
18.2626 18.2626
19.05 19.05
21.4376 21.4376
25.4 25.4
28.575 28.575

2.6416
3.4036
4.1656
4.572
4.9276
5.1562
5.5626
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.382
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
14.2748
15.875
17.4752
19.05
21.4376
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
33.3248
34.925
38.1

3.4036
4.1656
4.9276
5.334
5.5626
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
11.1252
12.7
15.0876
15.875
19.05
22.225
23.8252
25.4
27.7876
28.575
31.75
34.925
35.7124
38.1

3.4036
4.1656
4.7752
4.9276
5.5626
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
11.1252
12.7
15.875
16.6624
0.750
21.4376
22.225
25.4
26.1874
28.575
30.9626
31.75
34.925
36.5252
38.1
40.4876

3.4036
4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
14.2748
15.875
19.05
22.225
23.8252
25.4
28.575
29.3624
31.75
34.925
38.1
39.6748
45.2374

3.4036
4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.0876
15.875
20.6248
22.225
25.4
26.1874
28.575
31.75
32.5374
34.925
38.1
44.45
50.0126

4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
34.925
38.1

4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
14.2748
15.875
17.4752
19.05
22.225
24.6126
25.4
28.575
30.9626
31.75
34.925
38.1
38.8874
46.0248
52.3748
59.5376

4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
34.925
38.1

4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
34.925
38.1

6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
34.925
38.1

6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
34.925
38.1

4.1656
4.9276
6.0706
6.35
7.1374
7.9248
8.7376
9.525
10.3124
11.1252
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
34.925
38.1

6.35
9.525
12.7
15.875
19.05
22.225
25.4
28.575
31.75
34.925
38.1