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Critical Reading

Economics Journal Analysis


By : Ajeng Zazabilla .K
NIM : 201710401982
English Education Dept. VI

Listl .S , Galloway .J , Mossey . P .A. , and Marcenes .W. , 2015 , Global Economic
Impact of Dental Diseases, © International & American Associations for Dental
Research 2015 , Journal of Dental Research 2015, Vol. 94(10) 1355– 1361.

The purpose : The aim of this study is to estimate the direct and indirect costs of
dental disease worldwide to estimate the impact of the global economy.
Restatement : This research was made to estimate the direct and indirect costs of
dental disease worldwide to estimate its impact on the global economy. The method
used in this study is twofold: 1) a systematic approach, for calculating estimated
direct care costs, 2) taking into account the values of gross domestic product per
capita in 2010 as provided by the International Monetary Fund and estimated oral
disease burden from Global 2010 The burden of the Disease Study is based on advice
by the World Health Organization Commission for Macroeconomics and Health. This
finding shows that the global economic impact of dental disease amounted to US $
442 billion in 2010. Direct care costs due to dental disease worldwide are estimated at
US $ 298 billion per year, equivalent to an average of 4.6% of global health
expenditure . Indirect costs due to dental disease throughout the world reach US $
144 billion per year, according to economic losses in the range of 10 causes of global
death most often.
Description : Significant results were recorded in the results of this study, but there
are limits to these findings. 21 countries as respondents included a small sample.
With a small sample size, it is difficult to generalize these findings to a population of
countries with larger and unexposed estimates of tooth expenditure. In addition, the
use of Google to search for data is also less accurate, moreover the information was
obtained from individual blogs whose licenses were not clear.
Interpretation : Dental disease is the fourth most expensive disease to treat in most
industrialized countries (Petersen 2003). Identifying the economic burden of a disease
is useful for understanding the maximum amount of resources that can be saved or
obtained if the disease must be eradicated in part or in full (Rice 1967). This study
explains and highlights the magnitude of the economic impact of dental disease on
people or on different population groups so that it can provide relevant information
for decision makers in public health policy to evaluate the importance of dealing with
oral diseases. Improving the oral health of the population can imply large economic
benefits not only in terms of reducing care costs but also because of less productivity
losses in the labor market.