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Review of Related Literature

A Mobile-Quiz Application in Egypt (2013) Mobile devices


such as cell phones become the widest instrument handed in the
student’s daily activities including browsing Internet and
sending e-mails. Several countries such as Japan and US have
already applied it in the education and learning processes due
to its outstanding characteristics including portability and
accessibility. In this work, a mobile-quiz application is
suggested and described to facilitate the assessment process
inside the high-density classrooms and to increase the
interactivity among the instructors and students. Also, a case
study of the proposed application in a particular academic
Egyptian institution is applied and discussed for the first
time with respect of our best knowledge. Basically, three
different methods have been suggested to settle this
application inside the Egyptian academia according to the
available e-learning resources. The preliminary outcomes of the
conducted experiment demonstrated the possibility of applying
mobile devices within the various academic Egyptian
environments.

DEVELOPMENT OF WEB-BASED EXAMINATION SYSTEM USING OPEN


SOURCE PROGRAMMING MODEL (2014) The traditional method of
assessment (examination) is often characterized by examination
questions leakages, human errors during marking of scripts and
recording of scores. The technological advancement in the field
of computer

science has necessitated the need for computer usage in


majorly all areas of human life and endeavors, education sector
not excluded. This work, Web-based Examination System (WES)
was, therefore, born out of the will to stymie the problems
plaguing the conventional (paper-based) examination system by
providing a campus-wide service for e-assessment devoid of
irregularities and generally fair to examinees and equally
enhances instant feedback. This system developed using
combination of CSS, HTML, PHP SQL MySQL and Dreamweaver is
capable of reducing proportion of workload on examination,
grading and reviewing on the part of examiners. Thus, the
system enables the release of examination results in record
time and without error. WES can serve as an effective solution
for mass education evaluation and offers many novel features
that cannot be implemented in paper-based systems, such as real
time data collection, management and analysis, distributed and
interactive assessment towards promoting distance education.