Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

Students of Imam Ja'far (as)

Work file: students_of_imam_jafar-as.pdf


Project: Answering-Ansar.org Articles

Revisions:

No. Date Author Description Review Info


2.0.0 05.10.2008 Answering-Ansar.org Created

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 2 of 19

Contents

Table of Contents

1.A REFUTATION OF ANSAR'S ALLEGATION THAT 'ABU HANIFA WAS NOT A


STUDENT OF IMAM JA'FAR AL-SADIQ (AS)..................................................................... 3

2.THE BELIEFS OF IMAM ABU HANIFA............................................................................. 6

3.IMAM JA'FAR AL-SADIQ (AS) ALSO TAUGHT IMAM MALIK.................................. 7

4.CONDEMNATION OF ABU HANIFA.................................................................................. 8

5.COPYRIGHT.......................................................................................................................... 19

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 3 of 19

1. A refutation of Ansar's allegation that 'Abu Hanifa was


NOT a student of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as)

1. Proving the Teacher - Student relationship

This article will seek to expose the false claim of Ansar that Abu Hanifa was NOT a student of
Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as). Their leading champion Abu Sulaiman asserts:
Ansar.org stated:
"The claim that Abu Hanifah was taught by Ja'far
Al-Sadiq is a lie that is known to anyone who read
something about the life of Abu Hanifah. What is
known and famous is that Abu Hanifah was
taught by some of the grandest scholars at his
time, most notably Isma'il bin Hammad Abu
Sulayman Al-Kufi who was one of the most
distinguished teachers of Abu Hanifah. In
addition, Abu Hanifah was taught by Ibraheem
bin Muhammad Al-Muntashir, Ibraheem bin Zayd
Al-Nakh'ei, Ayyub Al-Sikhtiyani, Al-Harith Al-
Hamadani, Rabee'a Al-Madani, Salim bin Abdullah
bin 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased at
him, Sa'eed bin Masrooq the son of Sufyan Al-
Thawry, Sulayman Al-Hilaly, A'asim bin Kaleeb
and many others".

This is the perfect example of Abu Sulaiman's resentment towards Ahl'ul bayt (as). He is willing
to deny an established historical fact so as to lower the status of the Ahl'ul bayt (as) in the eyes
of actual Sunnis. Fortunately actual Sunnis have caught on to the efforts of such individuals and
we present the lengthy text from modern day Hanafi scholar Mufti Ghulam Rasool of Daar ul
Uloom Qadriyah Jilaniyah, London, who has refuted lies such as this in his excellent biography
of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq "Subeh Sadiq". We are quoting with a scanned link of the full pages
from pages 186-191:

Imam Abu Hanifa is one of the distinguished students of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as),
as has been confirmed by Ibn Hajar al Makki in his Sawaiq al Muhriqa, Allamah
Shiblinji in his Nur al Absar, Abdul Haleem Jindi and Mohaqiq Abu Zohra and various
other Muhadatheen and Ulema have clarified that Imam Abu Hanifa was a student
of Imam Jafar Sadiq. Imam Abu Hanifa’s initial chain of knowledge was with Imam
Baqar (as) and he subsequently expanded this chain of knowledge with Imam Ja'far
al-Sadiq (as). In this regard, Abdul Haleem Jindi writes: ‘Abu Hanifa stated that if he
'hadn't spent two years of his life with Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as), he would have
been dead' (Al-Imam Ja'far As-Sadiq, page 162). Researcher Abu Zohra states: ‘It is
widely known that regarding those two years, Abu Hanifa used to say: 'If these two
years had not been available to me due to my good fortune, Numan (Abu Hanifa)
would have been dead’ (Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, page 83). Imam Abu Hanifa used to
say: 'I have never seen a greater jurist than Ja'far bin Muhamad'.

This means, Imam Abu Hanifa was Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as)'s student and for a
complete two years he remained with Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq in Madina.
Notwithstanding that, whenever there happened to be any other meeting between
the two, Imam Abu Hanifa took full academic advantage of it; he had immense
respect for Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Sometimes when questioned on a matter by Imam

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 4 of 19

Ja'far al-Sadiq (as), Imam Abu Hanifa would intentionally remain silent on account
of the immense reverence he had for the Imam, Abdul Haleem Jindi and Ibn Emaad
Hanbali has recorded how on one occasion Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as) asked Imam
Abu Hanifa to what would be the Kafara for a pilgrim who in a state of Ihram breaks
the rubaya (front four teeth of a deer). Imam Abu Hanifa replied: ‘O son of the
Prophet, I have no idea.’ Upon which Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as) replied: ‘A deer does
not have rubaya’. (Shadharat al Dhahab, Volume 1 page 220 & Al-Imam Ja'far As-
Sadiq, page 162)….

Question: Ibn Tamiyah wrote that Abu Hanifa was not a student of Imam Ja'far al-
Sadiq but a contemporary, hence not a student.

Answer: This is an incorrect assertion because Abu Hanifa was Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq
(as)'s student. That is why Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqlani, Ibn Emmad Hanbali, Ibn Hajar
Makki, Allamah Shiblinji, researcher Abu Zohra and many others clarified that Imam
Abu Hanifa was the student of Imam Jafar Sadiq. Furthermore, Allamah Shibli
Numani whilst refuting Ibn Tamiyah's claim stated:

Ibn Tamiyah’s statement that Imam Abu Hanifa was not a student of Imam Jafar
Sadiq is incorrect because although Abu Hanifa was a Mujtahid but what
comparison he could have with the knowledge and merits of Imam Jafar Sadiq since
Hadith, jurisprudence in fact, all kinds of religious knowledge have emerged from
the family of Holy Prophet’ (Sirat Numan, page 60). This not only proves that Abu
Hanifa was Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as)'s student but also evidences that there is no
alternate when it comes to the knowledge and merits of the pure Ahlulbayt, no
matter if one is even a Mujtahid and a learned man...

Thus Ibn Tamiyah's assertion has been proven to be false and baseless, the fact is
that Imam Abu Hanifa was the student of Imam Ja'far as al-Sadiq. Imam Abu Hanifa
has taken various narrations from Imam Jafar Sadiq, Abu Zohra writes that Imam
Abu Hanifa used to narrate copiously from Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as) and such
traditions can be found in Imam Abu Yusuf's (d. 183 H) book Al-Aathaar and in
Imam Muhammad bin Hasan Shaybani's (d. 189 H) book Al-Aathaar. The number of
traditions Imam Abu Hanifa has narrated from Imam Jafar Sadiq in both these
books are great. Abu Zohra writes that the truth is that religious bigotry makes a
man blind and deaf no matter. In the same way that the evil statements of
slanderers were unsuccessful in tarnishing the image of his ancestor Imam Ali ibn
Abi Talib (kr), no one could hope to reduce the immense stature of Imam Ja'far as
al-Sadiq, whether they are those who do Ghulo or those who just cast suspicions.
This case is also similar to those who had sought to malign Jesus son of Mary, when
one group of people denied his Prophethood and another group was bent upon
elevating him. (Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, page 84).

Therefore it has been proven that those who have sought to belittle the image of
Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as), such as Ibn Tamiyah etc. have not attained even the
slightest success. It has also been proven that Imam Abu Hanifa was a student of
Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as) and frequently obtained traditions from him. Allamah
Muhammad Khizri writes that Abu Hanifa and most of the Imams of Medina
obtained traditions from Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as), but Imam Bukhari did not obtain
a single tradition from him’ (Tarikh Fiqha, page 293).
Subeh Sadiq, pages 186-191 by Mufti Ghulam Rasool (published in London)

Although Mufti Ghulam Rasool referred the refutation of Ibn Tamiyah’s claim by Allamah Shibli
Numani from his famed book Sirat un Numan, we would still like to present an excerpt from the
English version of the book:

"Abu Hanifa sat for a long time at Imam Baqar's feet and acquired from him much

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 5 of 19

valuable knowledge of Fiqh and Hadith not available anywhere else. Shias and
Sunnis are agreed that Abu Hanifa derived much of his learning from Baqar. He
learned a great deal from the imam's son, Ja'far al-Sadiq also, which fact is
generally mentioned in the history books. Ibn Tamiyah, however, denies this on the
ground that Abu Hanifa and Ja'far al-Sadiq were contemporaries and equals, which
ruled out the probability of the former being the latter's pupil. But I consider this
sheer imprudence and lack of comprehension on Ibn Tamiyah's part. For all his
greatness as an original thinker and master of fiqh, Abu Hanifa could not compare in
learning with Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. The Ahl'ul bayt were the fountainhead of Fiqh
and Hadith and, in fact, all religious learning. "The master of the house knows best
what is in it", to quote a well-known Arabic saying".
Imam Abu Hanifah, Life and Work, page 24

We also present with a link, the 'Musnad Imam Azam' rendered in to Urdu by Maulana Sa'd
Hasan Sahib. The text is a collection of traditions that have been narrated and compiled by
Imam Abu Hanifa. On page 23 of the preface of the Musnad, Maulana Abdur Rashid Numani,
whilst giving an overview of the life of Imam Abu Hanifa states:

"Imam Abu Hanifa stayed for a long time in the pure (city of) Madina and
continuously attended the circles of Imam Baqar (r). In jurisprudence (fiqh) and
traditions (hadith) he learnt many things during his time with Imam Baqar (r) which
he didn't know before. Imam Baqar (r) passed away on 7 Dhu'l Hijja 114 AH.

After Imam Baqar's death, Imam Abu Hanifa had the greatest respect for his son
Imam Ja'far Sadiq (r). He would attend Imam Ja'far's classes quite often to acquire
knowledge. Imam Abu Hanifa used to hold the opinion about the Ahl al-Bayt that
hadith and fiqh, indeed all religious sciences, have surfaced from their Household".
Musnad Imam Azam

Pakistani Sunni Scholar Mohammad Hameedullah Khan in his book "The Schools of Islamic
Jurisprudence - A comparative study, states in his brief biography of Imam Abu Hanifa on page
61:

"He got an opportunity to meet Anas, a famous companion of Prophet Muhammed


(PBUH), at the age of 12 or 13 years and attended the lectures of Imam Jafar as
Sadiq. Regarding his place in history of Fiqh, Abu Hanifa said:

I have not seen a jurist of high rank like Imam Jafar as Sadiq [taken from Tabayeen
page 69 by Shah Moinuddin Ahmed Nadvi]"
The Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence, Page 61

Hamid Hafani Dawood records in Nazarat fi al-Kutub al-Khalida, page 182:


‫أبا حنيفة ومالك كانا تلميذين للمام الصادق وكان أبو حنيفة كثيرا ما يقول لول السنتان لهلك النعمان‬

Abu Hanifa and Malik were the students of Imam Sadiq and Abu Hanifa used to say:
‘Without the two years al-Numan would have perished’

Famed Sunni scholar Shaykh Ibn Talha Shafiyee records in Matalib Al-Seul, page 218:
‫واستفاد من المام الصادق جماعة من أعيان الئمة وأعلمهم مثل مالك بن أنس وأبو حنيفة‬

“Many famous scholars benefitted from Imam Sadiq such as Malik bin Anas and Abu
Hanifa.”

Ahmad Muhiuddin al-Ajooz records in Minhaj al-Sharia al-Islamia, Volume 3 page 114:
‫ وقال ما رأبت أفقه من جعفر بن محمد الصادق‬، ‫مام أبو حنيفة في الكوفة‬ƒ‫وأخذ عنه أيضا ال‬

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 6 of 19

“Also Imam Abu Hanifa studied under his teaching in Kufa and he would say: ‘I
never saw someone more knowledgeable than Jafar bin Muhammad al-Sadiq”

Abdulrahman al-Sharqawi records in his book Aema al-Feqh al-Tesa, Volume 2 page 90:
‫لزم المام جعفر الصادق سنتين تعلم فيهما الكثير وإن اختلفا من بعد حتى قال ابو حنيفة النعمان لول‬
‫السنتان لهلك النعمان‬

He sat in the company of Imam Jaffr al-Sadiq for two years and learned a great deal
from him, despite their disagreement after that time Abu Hanifa used to say:
‘Without those two years, Numan would have perished’

Allamah Shaykh Sharawi Azhari in his famous Egyptian 'Risala Al Ahraam ul Sunnah' page 103
periodical number 32932 wrote:

"The Imam of the Shi'a Imamiya was Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq who was the teacher of
Imam Abu Hanifa. These are the Imamia Jafaria who as we previously explained are
one of those who adhere to a pure religion. It is with regards to them that our
Shaykh Shaltoot issued a fatwa deeming it permissible to follow this madhab
because this is a legitimate Islamic madhab, that acts as a source of guidance for its
adherents. In Egypt we have incorporated certain principles of Shi'a fiqh on divorce
and inheritance into our Law".

Amongst our Shia Ulema, al-Muhaqiq al-Kurki in Jame al-Maqasid, Volume 1 page 21 also
confirmed that Abu Hanifa studied under Jafar Sadiq [as].

2. The beliefs of Imam Abu Hanifa

Abu Sulaiman stated:


"Even if Ja'far Al-Sadiq taught Abu Hanifah, then
the matter will not be more than that Abu Hanifah
took knowledge from Al-Saddiq and it does not
mean that Abu Hanifah became a Jaffari. I am
saying this as a supposition, otherwise it is
confirmed that Abu Hanifah used to give religious
verdicts at the time of Abi Jaffar, the father of
Ja'far Al-Sadiq!"

We are also not saying this and it is absurd for Abu Sulaiman to arrive at this conclusion. If I
study fiqh under a teacher with different beliefs to myself it does NOT automatically mean I
have converted to that belief system! Nonetheless what is of interest is that Imam of Ahl'ul
Sunnah al Muhaddith Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlavi had in fact referred to Abu Hanifa as a Shi'a. He
writes in Tauhfa Ithna Ashariyya, page 25:

"Imam Abu Hanifa [r] was counted amongst the Shi'a of Kufa and he considered
Zaid bin 'Ali bin Husayn to be on the path of truth"

During that era Islamic sciences were being spread through the empire and students were
benefiting from the teachings of scholars with differing views, far and wide. Students took the
opportunity to gain knowledge from Ulema, in the same way Abu Hanifa learnt from Imam
Ja'far al-Sadiq (as).

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 7 of 19

3. Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as) also taught Imam Malik

Abu Sulaiman stated:


Ansar.org:
"Al-Shafi'i read "Al-Muwti" on Malik and the book
has only 9 hadeeths that are narrated by Ja'far
Al-Saddiq. And no one said that Malik was one of
the students of Abu Hanifah, but they said that
Malik was contemporary with Abu Hanifah".

Yet again Abu Sulaiman fails to cite any sources as evidences, just his own bigoted Nasibi
views. Like Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik also benefited from the knowledge of Imam Ja'far al-
Sadiq (as):

Mufti Ghulam Rasool in ‘Subeh Sadiq’ page 202 narrates that:

Abu Naeem Isfahani (d. 430 Hijri) wrote: 'Imam Malik bin Anas was one of the
students of Imam Ja’far (Hilayat al-Awliya Volume 3 page 199). Researcher Abu
Zuhra writes that Imam Malik attained knowledge from him and attended his
gatherings (Imam Jafar Sadiq, page 83)'.
Subeh Sadiq, page 202

Ahmad Muhiuddin al-Ajooz records in Minhaj al-Sharia al-Islamia, Volume 3 page 114:
‫ إنه كان من العلماء‬: ‫وقد أخذ عن المام جعفر الصادق رضي ال عنه المام مالك في المدينة وقال عنه‬
‫الزهاد الذين يخشون ال‬.

Imam Malik studied under the teaching of Imam Jaffar al-Sadiq may Allah be
pleased with him, in Madina and he (Malik) used to say: ‘He was among the pious
scholars who fear Allah.’

Abdulrahman al-Sharqawi records in Amea al-Fiqh al-Tesa, Volume 1 page 140:


‫أفاد المام مالك من صحبة المام جعفر وأخذ عنه كثيرا‬

“Imam Malik was benefited from Imam Jaffar and he learnt from him a lot.”

And as we cited earlier, famed Sunni scholar Mufti Ibn Talha Shafiyee records in Matalib Al-
Seul, page 218:
‫واستفاد من المام الصادق جماعة من أعيان الئمة وأعلمهم مثل مالك بن أنس وأبو حنيفة‬

“Many famous scholars benefitted from Imam Sadiq such as Malik bin Anas and Abu
Hanifa.”

We should also point out that the Shia scholar Shaykh Tusi in his book al-Rijal, page 302 cited
Malik bin Anas as a student of Imam Jaffar al-Sadiq. Moreover, Maliki scholar Muhammad bin
Ismail al-Eshbili (d. 636 H) in his book 'Asma Sheiukh Malik bin Anas' page 67, mentioned the
name of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq [as] among the names of Imam Malik's teachers.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 8 of 19

4. Condemnation of Abu Hanifa

In his tactical attempt to reach out to actual Sunnis, Abu Sulaiman sought to make a special
reference to the following tradition, commenting as follows:
Ansar.org stated:
"Here, their master Al-Kulayni narrates in their
most trustworthy book which equals Al-Buikhari
for us, "Usool Al-Kafi":

"Sadeer said: "I heard Abu Jaffar, peace be upon


him saying, while holding my hand and exiting
then he stood in front of the house: "O' Sadeer,
the matter of the people is that they come to
these rocks and go round them and then they
come to us and let us know their wilayah for us
and it is Allah's saying: "I am the most forgiver
for those who repented, believed, and did good
deeds and then were guided." Abu Ja'far pointed
to his chest and said: "Guided to our wilayah."
Then he said: "O' sadeer, let me show you those
who hinders the religion of Allah." Then he looked
to Abu Hanifah and Sufyan Al-Thuwray at that
time and they were in a circle in the mosque. Abu
Ja'far said: "Those are who hinders the religion of
Allah without guidance from Allah and without an
obvious book. If those dirts sat in their houses,
then the people who would look for someone to
tell them about Almighty Allah and about His
prophet would come to us and we would tell
them about the almighty Allah and about His
prophet."

This tradition does not in any way negate the fact that Abu Hanifa was a student of Imam Ja'far
al-Sadiq (as). It is not uncommon for a student to leave his teacher and formulate his own
thinking. If Imam Ja'far (as) was criticizing Abu Hanifa, it was because he felt that he had gone
astray in his teachings, and this is linked to Abu Hanifa's introduction of Qiyas as an addition to
fiqh. If Abu Sulaiman is seeking to strike a chord with his Sunni brethren that the Shi'a Imams
have condemned their Imam, we should also point out that such condemnation was not
exclusive to Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, the Ulema of Ahl'ul Sunnah have been scathing in their
attacks on Abu Hanifa, attacks that were far worse than the comments of Imam Ja'far (as). Let
us present the condemnation of Abu Hanifa advanced by various esteemed Sunni scholars.

2. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 454:


‫أخبرنا الحسن بن الحسن بن المنذر القاضي والحسن بن أبي بكر البزاز قال أخبرنا محمد بن عبد ال‬
‫الشافعي سمعت إبراهيم بن إسحاق الحربي قال سمعت احمد بن حنبل وسئل عن مالك فقال حديث‬
‫صحيح ورأي ضعيف وسئل عن الوزاعي فقال حديث ضعيف ورأي ضعيف وسئل عن أبي حنيفة فقال ل رأي‬
‫ول حديث وسئل عن الشافعي فقال حديث صحيح وراي صحيح‬

Ishaq al-Harbi said: ‘Ahmad bin Hanbal was asked about Imam Malik. The reply was

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 9 of 19

'His Hadith are correct but his opinions are weak.' Then he was asked about Awzai,
he replied: ‘His hadith and opinion are both weak’, then he was asked about Abu
Hanifa, he said ‘His opinion and his hadith bear no value'. Then he was asked about
Imam Shafiyee, the reply was, 'His Hadith and opinion is Sahih.'’

We also read the following words of Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15
page 579 which has been declared ‘Sahih’ by the margin writer of the book namely Bashar
Awad Maruf:
‫وأخبرنا العتيقي حدثنا يوسف حدثنا العقيلي حدثنا سليمان بن داود العقيلي قال سمعت احمد بن الحسن‬
‫الترمذي يقول وأخبرنا عبيد ال بن عمر الواعظ حدثنا أبي حدثنا عثمان بن جعفر بن محمد السبيعي حدثنا‬
‫الفريابي جعفر بن محمد حدثني احمد بن الحسن الترمذي قال سمعت احمد بن حنبل يقول كان أبو حنيفة‬
‫يكذب‬

Ahmad bin al-Hassan al-Tirmidhi said: ‘I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal saying: ‘Abu
Hanifa used to tell lies’.

In Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 569 we read another Sahih narration:


‫أخبرنا بن رزق حدثنا احمد بن سلمان الفقيه المعروف بالنجاد حدثنا عبد ال بن احمد بن حنبل حدثنا‬
‫مهنى بن يحيى قال سمعت احمد بن حنبل يقول ما قول أبي حنيفة والبعر عندي إل سواء‬

Ahmad ibn Hanbal said: ‘According to me the opinion of Abu Hanifa is equal to the
faeces of goats’

Modern day Sunni scholar Hassan al-Saqqaf records in his book Al-Salafya al-Wahabia, page 73:
‫!فالحنابلة يرون أن المام أبو حنيفة من أئمة الضلل‬.

“The Hanbalis believe that Abu Hanifa was an Imam of error”

3. Imam Malik condemned Abu Hanifa

We read a Sahih tradition in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 552:


‫أنبأنا علي بن محمد المعدل أخبرنا أبو علي بن الصواف أخبرنا عبد ال بن احمد بن حنبل حدثنا منصور بن‬
‫أبي مزاحم قال سمعت مالك بن أنس وذكر أبا حنيفة فقال كاد الدين كاد الدين‬

Mansoor bin Muzahim said: ‘I heard Malik bin Anas saying Abu Hanifa mocked the
religion and whoever mocks the religion is irreligious’.

In another Sahih narration on the same page we read:


‫وقال جعفر حدثنا الحسن بن علي الحلواني قال سمعت مطرفا يقول سمعت مالكا يقول الداء العضال‬
‫الهلك في الدين وأبو حنيفة من الداء العضال‬

Mutrif said: ‘I heard Malik saying the error must be extinguished from religion and
Abu Hanifa was an error’

We read a Sahih tradition in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 551:


‫أخبرنا علي بن محمد المعدل أخبرنا محمد بن احمد بن الحسن الصواف أخبرني عبد ال بن احمد بن حنبل‬
‫حدثنا أبو معمر عن الوليد بن مسلم قال قال لي مالك بن أنس أيذكر أبو حنيفة ببلدكم قلت نعم قال ما‬
‫ينبغي لبلدكم أن تسكن‬

Al-Waleed bin Muslim said: Malik bin Ansa said to me, do the people mention Abu
Hanifa in your country? I replied: ‘Yes’. He replied: ‘Your country should not be
stable’.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 10 of 19

In Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 416 we read:


‫أخبرنا بن رزق أخبرنا بن سلم حدثنا البار حدثنا أبو الزهري النيسابوري حدثنا حبيب كاتب مالك بن أنس‬
‫عن مالك بن أنس قال كانت فتنة أبي حنيفة أضر على هذه المة من فتنة إبليس‬

Malik bin Anas said: ‘The fitna of Abu Hanifa is more harmful than the fitna of
Iblees’

In Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 415 we read:


‫أخبرنا بن الفضل أخبرنا عبيد ال بن جعفر بن درستويه حدثنا يعقوب بن سفيان حدثني الحسن بن الصباح‬
‫حدثنا إسحاق بن إبراهيم الحنيني قال قال مالك ما ولد في السلم مولود أضر على أهل السلم من أبي‬
‫حنيفة‬

Malik bin Anas said: ‘No one was born in Islam more harmful than Abu Hanifa’

And we also have this statement of Imam Malik recorded by Imam Ibn Abdul Barr in Jame'a
Bayan al-Elm, Volume 3 page 391:
‫ لو خرج أبو‬: ‫ سمعت مالكا يقول‬: ‫ سمعت خالد بن نزار يقول‬: ‫ وسمعت أبا جعفر اليلي يقول‬، ‫قال ابن وضاح‬
‫حنيفة على هذه المة بالسيف كان أيسر‬

Malik said: ‘Had Abu Hanifa rebelled against the nation through the sword it would
have been less harmful’

4. Imam Idrees Shafiyee condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

We read the following words of Imam Shafiyee in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 567 which
have been declared ‘Sahih’ by the margin writer of the book namely Bashar Awad Marouf:
‫وقال أيضا حدثنا أبي حدثنا هارون بن سعيد اليلي قال سمعت الشافعي يقول ما أعلم أحدا وضع الكتاب‬
‫أدل على عوار قوله من أبي حنيفة‬

Shafiyee said: ‘I don’t know anyone who wrote a book proving his errors except Abu
Hanifa’

We also read a Sahih tradition on the same page:


‫أخبرنا احمد بن محمد العتيقي والحسن بن جعفر السلماسي والحسن بن علي الجوهري قالوا أخبرنا‬
‫علي بن عبد العزيز البرذعي أخبرنا أبو محمد عبد الرحمن بن أبي حاتم أخبرنا محمد بن عبد ال بن عبد‬
‫الحكم قال قال لي محمد بن إدريس الشافعي نظرت في كتب لصحاب أبي حنيفة فإذا فيها مائة وثلثون‬
‫ورقة فعددت منها ثمانين ورقة خلف الكتاب والسنة‬

Shafiyee said: ‘I saw the books of Abu Hanifa's companions and they comprised
of130 pages, I found in them 80 pages that contradicted the Quran and Sunnah’

In another Sahih tradition that we read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 549:
- ‫وقال الشافعي شر عليهم من أبي حنيفة‬

Shafiyee said: ‘No one was born in Islam more evil than Abu Hanifa’

Imam Subki records the following statement of Imam Shafiyee in his famed work Tabaqat al-
Shafyyia al-Kubra, Volume 2 page 94:
‫وكذلك وجدت كتاب أبى حنيفة إنما يقولون كتاب ال وسنة نبيه وإنما هم مخالفون له‬

(Imam Shafiyee said) ‘I saw the book of Abu Hanifa and they claim that they say

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 11 of 19

whatever is in Allah's book and His prophet’s tradition, whilst they actually they go
against them’

5. Imam Sufiyan Thawri and Imam Awzai condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

Again in a tradition declared Sahih by Bashar Awad Maruf , we read the following remarks of
Imam Sufiyan al-Thawri (d. 161 H) and Imam Abdulrahman bin Amro Awzai ( d. 157 H) in
Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 549:
‫أخبرنا أبوالعلء محمد بن الحسن بن محمد الوراق قال أخبرنا أحمد ابن كامل القاضي وأخبرنا محمد بن عمر‬
‫النرسي قال أخبرنا محمد بن عبدال الشافعي وأخبرنا عبدالملك بن محمد بن عبدال الواعظ قال أخبرنا‬
‫أحمد بن الفضل بن خزيمة قالوا حدثنا أبو إسماعيل الترمذي قال حدثنا أبوتوبة قال حدثنا الفرازي قال‬
‫ سمعت الوزاعي وسفيان يقولن ما ولد في السلم مولود اشأم عليهم‬-

Awzai and Sufyan said: ‘No one was born in Islam with more misfortune than him’

On the same page, we have another Sahih tradition:


‫أخبرنا ابن رزق قال أخبرنا عثمان بن أحمد قال حدثنا حنبل بن إسحاق وأخبرنا أبونعيم الحافظ قال حدثنا‬
‫محمد بن أحمد بن الحسن الصواف قال حدثنا بشر بن موسى قال حدثنا الحميدي قال سمعت سفيان‬
‫ ما ولد في السلم مولود أضر على السلم من أبي حنيفة‬: ‫يقول‬

Sufyan said: ‘No one was born in Islam more harmful than Abu Hanifa’

In another tradition declared Sahih by Bashar Awad Marouf , we read the following remarks of
Imam Sufiyan al-Thawri about Abu Hanifa in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 548
‫وأخبرنا ابن حسنويه قال أخبرنا الخشاب قال حدثنا أحمد بن مهدي قال حدثنا أحمد بن إبراهيم قال حدثني‬
‫ ما ولد في السلم مولود‬: ‫سليمان بن عبيدال قال حدثنا جرير عن ثعلبة قال سمعت سفيان الثوري يقول‬
‫أشأم على أهل السلم منه‬.

Sufyan al-Thawri said: ‘No one was born in Islam more unfortunate on the Muslims
other than him’

We further read in a Sahih tradition in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 525 that Abu Hanifa
indulged in Kufr twice:
‫ قال حدثنا أبوالحسن علي بن إسحاق بن عيسى بن‬، ‫اخبرنا ابن رزق قال أخبرنا أحمد بن عبدال الوراق‬
‫ سمعت معاذ بن معاذ وأخبرنا ابن الفضل‬: ‫ قال سمعت إبراهيم بن سعيد الجوهري يقول‬، ‫زاطيا المخرمي‬
‫ قال حدثنا سهل بن أبي سهل الواسطي قال حدثنا أبوحفص عمرو‬، ‫ أخبرنا عثمان بن أحمد الدقاق‬: ‫قال‬
‫ استتيب أبوحنيفة من الكفر مرتين‬: ‫بن علي قال سمعت معاذ بن معاذ يقول سمعت سفيان الثوري يقول‬.

Sufyan said: ‘Abu Hanifa repented from Kufr twice’

We read in Al-Sunnah by Abdullah bin Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Volume 1 page 193:
‫حدثني أبو الفضل الخراساني نا سلمة بن شبيب نا الفريابي سمعت سفيان الثوري يقول استتيب أبو‬
‫حنيفة من كلم الزنادقة مرارا‬

Sufyan al-Thawri said:’ Abu Hanfia repented from heretics opinions many times’

The reviser of the book namely Muhammad Qahtani said about this narration:

‘The narrators are Thiqah’

Ahmad ibn Hanbal recorded in Al-Elal, Volume 2 page 546:

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 12 of 19

‫ سمعت أبا حفص عمرو بن أبي سلمة التتيسي قال‬: ‫حدثني الحسن بن عبدالعزيز الجروي الجذامي قال‬
‫ ما ولد في السلم مولود أضر على السلم من أبي حنيفة‬: ‫سمعت الورزاعي يقول‬

Awzai said: ‘No one was born into Islam more harmful than Abu Hanfia’

Salafi scholar Dr. Wasiullah who is the margin writer of the book declared this tradition to be
‘Hasan’.

Once again in a Sahih narration, we read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 547:
‫ حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن‬: ‫أخبرنا ابن رزق والبرقاني قال أخبرنا محمد بن جعفر بن الهيثم النباري قال‬
‫ سمعت الوزاعي مال‬: ‫شاكر قال حدثنا رجاء بن السندي قال سمعت سليمان بن حسان الحلبي يقول‬
‫ عمد أبو حنيفة إلى عرى السلم فنقضها عروة عروة‬: ‫أحصيه يقول‬.

Sulayman bin Hasaan al-Halabi said: ‘I heard Awzai on several occasions saying that
Abu Hanifa destroyed the pillars of Islam one by one’

Similarly, in Abdullah bin Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s famed work Al-Sunnah, Volume 1 page 207, we
read a narration declared ‘Hasan’ by Muhammad Qahtani:
‫حدثني ابراهيم بن سعيد ثنا أبو توبة عن سلمة بن كلثوم عن الوزاعي أنه لما مات أبو حنيفة قال الحمد‬
‫ل الذي أماته فإنه كان ينقض عرى السلم عروة عروة‬

Salama bin Kulthom said: ‘When Abu Hanifa died, Awzai said: ‘Praise be to Allah for
killing him, he used to destroy the pillars of Islam one by one’

6. Imam Sufiyan bin Uyaina condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

According to a Sahih narration in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 526


‫أخبرنا ابن رزق قال أخبرنا عثمان بن أحمد الدقاق قال حدثنا حنبل بن إسحاق قال حدثنا الحميدي قال‬
‫ استتيب أبو حنيفة من الدهر ثلث مرات‬: ‫سمعت سفيان وهو ابن عيينة يقول‬

Sufyan bin Uyaina said: ‘Abu Hanifa repented from Atheism on three occasions’.

7. Imam Abdullah bin Mubarak (d. 181 H) condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

In a Sahih narration, we read the following in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 556:
‫حدثني الزهري أخبرنا محمد بن العباس قال حدثنا عبد ال بن إسحاق المدائني حدثنا احمد بن موسى‬
‫الحزامي حدثنا هدبة وهو بن عبد الوهاب حدثنا أبو إسحاق الطالقاني قال سمعت عبد ال بن المبارك‬
‫يقول من كان عنده كتاب حيل أبي حنيفة يستعمله أو يفتي به فقد بطل حجه وبانت منه امرأته فقال‬
‫مولى بن المبارك يا أبا عبد الرحمن ما أدري وضع كتاب الحيل إل شيطان فقال بن المبارك الذي وضع كتاب‬
‫الحيل أشر من الشيطان‬

Abu Ishaq al-Taleqani said: ‘I heard Abdullah bin al-Mubarak saying: ‘Anyone that
owns the book of Abu Hanifa and uses it and spreads the opinions with it, will cause
his Hajj to become void and his wife shall no longer remain lawful for him’ Then the
slave of Ibn al-Mubarak said: ‘I think the one who wrote the book is Satan’. Ibn al-
Mubarak replied: ‘The one who wrote the book is worse than Satan’.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 13 of 19

8. Abdulrahman bin Mahdi (d. 198 H) condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

In a Sahih narration, we read the following in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 561:
‫أخبرنا العتيقي حدثنا يوسف بن احمد الصيدلني حدثنا محمد بن عمرو العقيلي حدثني زكريا بن يحيى‬
‫الحلواني قال سمعت محمد بن بشار العبدي بندارا يقول قلما كان عبد الرحمن بن مهدي يذكر أبا حنيفة‬
‫علي إل قال كان بينه وبين الحق حجاب‬

Abdulrahman bin Mahdi said: ‘There was a wall between Abu Hanifa and the truth’

While in Tarikh Baghdad, volume 13 page 416 we read:


‫أخبرني الزهري حدثنا أبو المفضل الشيباني حدثنا عبد ال بن احمد الجصاص حدثنا إسماعيل بن بشر‬
‫قال سمعت عبد الرحمن بن مهدي يقول ما أعلم في السلم فتنة بعد فتنة الدجال أعظم من رأي أبي‬
‫حنيفة‬

Abdulrahman bin Mahdi said: ‘After the sedition (Fitna) of Dajjal, there is no worse
sedition (fitna) in Islam than the opinion of Abu Hanifa’

9. Imams of Ahle Sunnah Hamaad bin Salama al-Basri (d. 167 H) and
Shu'aba bin al-Hajaj (d. 160 H) cursed Abu Hanifa

In Abdullah bin Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s authority work Al-Sunnah, Volume 1 page 211, we read a
narration declared ‘Sahih’ by Muhammad Qahtani:
‫حدثني محمد بن أبي عتاب العين ثنا منصور بن سلمة الخزاعي قال سمعت حماد بن سلمة يلعن أبا‬
‫حنيفة قال أبو سلمة وكان شعبة يلعن أبا حنيفة‬

Mansoor bin Salama al-Khuzai said: ‘I heard Hamaad bin Salama cursing Abu
Hanifa’. Abu Salama said: ‘Shu'aba used to curse Abu Hanifa’

Moreover we read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 14 page 446:


‫أخبرنا العتيقي حدثنا يوسف بن احمد حدثنا العقيلي حدثني عبد ال بن الليث المروزي حدثنا محمد بن‬
‫يونس الجمال سمعت يحيى بن سعيد يقول سمعت شعبة يقول كف من تراب خير من أبي حنيفة‬

Shu'aba said: ‘A fistful of dust is better than Abu Hanifa’

10. Imam Ibn Habban condemned Abu Hanifa

Imam Ibn Habban records in Al-Majrohin, by ibn Haban, Volume 3 page 64:
‫ل يجوز الحتجاج به لنه كان داعي¼ا إلى الرجاء والداعية إلى البدع ل يجوز أن يحتج به عند أئمتنا قاطبة ل‬
‫اعلم بينهم فيه خلفا على أن أئمة المسلمين والورع في الدين في جميع المصار وسائر القطار جرحوه‬
‫وأطلقوا عليه القدح الواحد بعد الواحد‬.

It is not permissible to adhere to him, because he was propagating to Erja and


according to our scholars it is impermissible to adhere to one that propagates
innovations (Bid'a), I don’t know any disagreement among the Muslim scholars and
the pious religious (people) in all the countries about dispraising him (Abu Hanifa),
every one dispraised him one by one.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 14 of 19

11. Ayub’s views regarding Abu Hanifa

In a Sahih narration, we read the following in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 547:
‫أخبرنا القاضي أبوبكر أحمد بن الحسن الحبري وأبوالقاسم عبدالرحمن بن محمد السراج وأبوسعيد محمد‬
‫بن موسى الصيرفي قالوا حدثنا أبو العباس محمد بن يعقوب الصم قال حدثنا محمد بن إسحاق الصاغاني‬
‫ فرآه‬، ‫ كان أيوب قاعد¼ا في المسجد الحرام‬: ‫قال حدثنا سعيد بن عامر قال حدثنا سلم بن أبي مطيع قال‬
‫ قوموا ل يعرنا بجربه قوموا‬: ‫ فلما رآه أيوب قد أقبل نحوه قال للصحابه‬، ‫أبوحنيفة فأقبل نحوه‬

Salam bin Abi Mutee said: ‘Ayub was sitting in the mosque, then Abu Hanifa saw
him and came towards him. When Ayub saw him coming towards him, he said to his
companions: ‘Come on, let’s move before he spreads lice among us.'

12. Abu Muhammad condemned Abu Hanifa

In a Sahih narration, we read further condemnation of Abu Hanifa in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume
15 page 551:
‫قال أبو محمد يعني أنه كان يثبت على الخطأ ويحتج دونه ول يرجع إلى الصواب إذا بان له‬

Abu Muhammad said: ‘He remained on falsehood and adhered to it, he would not
return to the truth even if it was clear to him’

13. Abdullah bin Idrees al-Zaafari (d. 192 H) condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

In a Hasan narration, we read the following in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 556:
‫أخبرنا إبراهيم بن محمد بن سليمان المؤدب الصبهاني أخبرنا أبو بكر المقرئ حدثنا سلمة بن محمود‬
‫القيسي حدثنا أيوب بن إسحاق بن سافري حدثنا رجاء السندي قال قال عبد ال بن إدريس أما أبو حنيفة‬
‫فضال مضل‬

Abdullah bin Idrees said: ‘Abu Hanifa is astray and leads others astray’

14. Imam Ibn Abi Sheybah declared Abu Hanifa a Jew

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 441:


‫أخبرنا القاضي أبو العلء محمد بن علي الواسطي حدثنا عبد ال بن محمد بن عثمان المزني بواسط حدثنا‬
‫طريف بن عبد ال قال سمعت بن أبي شيبة وذكر أبا حنيفة فقال أراه كان يهوديا‬

Tarif bin Abdullah said: ‘I heard ibn Abi Sheybah say when Abu Hanifa was
mentioned in his presence, he replied: ‘I consider him a Jew’’.

15. Yazid bin Harun (d. 206 H) declared the companions of Abu Hanifa
Christians

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 436:

‫وقال أيوب بن شاذ بن يحيى الواسطي صاحب يزيد بن هارون قال سمعت يزيد بن هارون يقول ما رأيت‬
‫قوما أشبه بالنصارى من أصحاب أبي حنيفة‬

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 15 of 19

Yazid bin Harun said: ‘I never saw a group of people resembling the Christians more
closely than the companions of Abu Hanifa’

16. Khalid bin Yazid bin Abi Malik (d. 185 H) condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 439:


‫أخبرنا محمد بن المسيب حدثنا أبو هبيرة الدمشقي حدثنا أبو مسهر حدثنا خالد بن يزيد بن أبي مالك قال‬
‫أحل أبو حنيفة الزنى وأحل الربا‬

Khalid bin Yazid bin Abi Malik said: ‘Abu Hanifa made fornication and interest
Halaal’

17. Umar bin Qays condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 432:


‫أخبرنا بن رزق أخبرنا بن سلم حدثنا البار حدثنا سلمة بن شبيب حدثنا الوليد بن عتبة ال سمعت مؤمل‬
‫بن إسماعيل قال قال عمر بن قيس من أراد الحق فليأت الكوفة فلينظر ما قال أبو حنيفة وأصحابه‬
‫فليخالفهم‬

Umar bin Qays said: ‘Whoever wants to learn the truth should enter Kufa, learn
about Abu Hanifa's fatwas and then oppose him’.

18. Shuarik Bin Abdullah (d. 177 H) condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 417:


‫أخبرنا علي بن محمد بن عبد ال المعدل أخبرنا محمد بن احمد بن الحسن حدثني عبد ال بن احمد بن‬
‫حنبل وأخبرنا بن دوما واللفظ له أخبرنا بن سلم حدثنا احمد بن علي البار قال حدثنا منصور بن أبي مزاحم‬
‫قال سمعت شريكا بن عبد ال يقول لو أن في كل ربع من أرباع الكوفة خمار يبيع الخمر كان خيرا من أن‬
‫يكون فيه من يقول بقول أبي حنيفة‬

Shuraik bin Abdullah said: ‘It is better to have a wine seller in every corner of Kufa
than to have some one believe in Abu Hanifa's opinions’

19. Muhammad bin Muslimah condemned Imam Abu Hanifa

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 415:


‫أخبرنا بن الفضل حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن شعيب الغازي حدثنا محمد بن إسماعيل البخاري حدثنا صاحب‬
‫لنا عن حمدويه قال قلت لمحمد بن مسلمة ما لرأي النعمان دخل البلدان كلها إل المدينة قال أن رسول‬
‫ال صلى ال عليه و سلم قال ل يدخلها الدجال ول الطاعون وهو دجال من الدجاجلة‬

"Hamdweh said: ‘I asked Muhammad bin Musalama: ‘Other than Madina, Abu
Hanifa's Fatwas are everywhere, why is that?’ He said: ‘Allah's msessenger (pbuh)
said: ‘Dajjal and the plague can’t enter it (Madina)’ and Abu Hanifa is one Dajjal
amongst many’’.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 16 of 19

20. According to Abi Bakar bin Dawood al-Sajistani, there is an Ijma that
Abu Hanifa was on error

We read the following account in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 394:


‫حدثنا محمد بن علي بن مخلد الوراق لفظا قال في كتابي عن أبي بكر محمد بن عبد ال بن صالح‬
‫السدي الفقيه المالكي قال سمعت أبا بكر بن أبي داود السجستاني يوما وهو يقول لصحابه ما تقولون‬
‫في مسألة اتفق عليها مالك وأصحابه والشافعي وأصحابه والوزاعي وأصحابه والحسن بن صالح وأصحابه‬
‫وسفيان الثوري وأصحابه وأحمد بن حنبل وأصحابه فقالوا له يا أبا بكر ل تكون مسألة أصح من هذه فقال‬
‫هؤلء كلهم اتفقوا على تضليل أبي حنيفة‬

Abu Bakr bin Dawood al-Sajistani said to his companions: ‘What do you say about
an opinion wherein there is agreement of Malik and his companions, Shaffiyee and
his companions, Awzai and his companions, al-Hassan bin Saleh and his
companions, Sufyan al-Thawri and his companions, Ahmad bin Hanbal and his
companions?’
They replied: ‘Oh Abu Bakr, there cannot be a more correct opinion than this.’ He
replied: ‘All of them agreed that Abu Hanifa was on error’.

21. The scholars of Shaam would curse Abu Hanifa

We read the following Sahih account in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 15 page 570:
‫أخبرنا البرقاني أخبرنا بشر بن احمد السفراييني حدثنا عبد ال بن محمد بن سيار الفرهياني قال سمعت‬
‫القاسم بن عبد الملك أبا عثمان يقول سمعت أبا مسهر يقول كانت الئمة تلعن أبا فلن على هذا المنبر‬
‫وأشار إلى منبر دمشق قال الفرهياني وهو أبو حنيفة‬

Al-Qasim bin Abdulmalik said: ‘I heard Abu Museher saying: ‘The scholars would
curse some one on this pulpit. Then he pointed by his hand to the pulpit of
Damascus. Al-Farhyani said: ‘It was Abu Hanifa’’’.

22. al-Aswad bin Saalim’s views on Abu Hanifa

We read in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 435:


‫أخبرني الحسن بن علي بن عبد ال المقرئ حدثنا محمد بن بكران البزاز حدثنا محمد بن مخلد حدثنا‬
‫محمد بن حفص هو الدوري قال سمعت أبا عبيد يقول كنت جالسا مع السود بن سالم في مسجد الجامع‬
‫بالرصافة فتذاكروا مسألة فقلت إن أبا حنيفة يقول فيها كيت وكيت فقال لي السود تذكر أبا حنيفة في‬
‫المسجد فلم يكلمني حتى مات‬

Aba Ubaid said: ‘I was sitting with al-Aswad bin Saalim in Rasafa's mosque, they
then began discussing an issue. I therefore said: ‘Abu Hanifa's opinion is so & so’. l-
Aswad said to me: ‘You mention Abu Hanifa in the mosque!’ Then he (al-Aswad)
never talked to me again until he died.’

23. Abu Bakar bin Ayash (d. 194 H)’s views on Abu Hanifa

We read the following conversation between Abu Bakar bin Ayash and the grandson of Abu
Hanifa in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 435:
‫أخبرنا بن رزق حدثنا عثمان بن احمد الدقاق حدثنا إدريس بن عبد الكريم قال سمعت يحيى بن أيوب قال‬
‫حدثنا صاحب لنا ثقة قال كنت جالسا عند أبي بكر بن عياش فجاء إسماعيل بن حماد بن أبي حنيفة‬
‫فسلم وجلس فقال أبو بكر من هذا فقال أنا إسماعيل يا أبا بكر فضرب أبو بكر يده على ركبة إسماعيل ثم‬
‫قال كم من فرج حرام إباحه جدك‬

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 17 of 19

A reliable man said: ‘I was sitting with Abu Bakr bin Ayash, then Ismail bin Hamaad
bin Abu Hanifa came and and sat down. Abu Bakr asked: ‘Who is this?’ He replied:
‘Oh Abu Bakr, I am Ismail’. Then Abu Bakr clapped with his hand on Ismail's knee
and said to him: ‘How many Haram women did your grandfather make Halal?’

24. Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani condemned Abu Hanifa

Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani in his famed work Al-Ghuniyah al-Talibeen, page 90 records the
Hadith:

‘My Ummah will be divided in the 73 Sects only will attain Paradise others in Hell"

After that, Qadir Jilani states:

‘Of the 73 Sects, are 10 are the respective origins and it also includes the Murjiyah”

Then Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani named those 10 Al-Murjiyah sects which are among the 73 Hell
bound sects and included Hanafiyah sect amongst these.

25. Imam Abu Hamid GhazzaIi condemned Abu Hanifa

Imam of Ahle Sunnah Abu Hamid Ghazzali records in his famed work Al-Mankhul, page 581:
‫وأما أبو حنيفة فلم يكن مجتهدا لنه كان ل يعرف اللغة وعليه يدل قوله ولو رماه بأبو قبيس وكان ل يعرف‬
‫الحاديث ولهذا ضري بقبول الحاديث الضعيفة ورد الصحيح منها ولم يكن فقيه النفس بل كان يتكايس ل‬
‫في محله على مناقضة مآخذ الصول‬

Abu Hanifa was not a Mujtahid because he acquired no knowledge in (Arabic)


grammar; this is proven by the fact that he read the words Babu Qays. Abu Hanifa
had no knowledge of Hadith, he would ignore Sahih Hadith and would embrace
weak ones, he had no capacity to interpret the Sharia, on the contrary he would
contradict their rules.’

We also read on page 546:


‫ول اكتراث بمخالفة أبي حنيفة فيها فإني أقطع بخطئه في تسعة أعشار مذهبه‬

‘I don’t care if I was incompatible with Abu Hanifa, as a I am 90% sure that his
doctrine was wrong’

On page 476, Ghazali first quoted the words of Imam Shafiyee and then gave his own verdict:
‫قال الشافعي رضي ال عنه من استحسن فقد شرع ول بد أول من بيان حقيقة الستحسان وقد قال‬
‫قائلون من أصحاب أبي حنيفة رضي ال عنه الستحسان مذهب ل دليل عليه وهذا كفر ممن قاله وممن‬
‫يجوز التمسك به‬

Shafiyee said: ‘Whoever practiced Istehsan made a new law’. Well first of all it is
recommended to explain the reality of Istehsan. Some of Abu Hanifa's [rh]
companions said: ‘Istehsan’ is a method which lacks proof’. Verily it is kufr whoever
believed in it or permitted its practice.

On page 613 we read:


‫وأما أبو حنيفة رحمه ال فقد قلب الشريعة ظهرا لبطن وشوش مسلكها وغير نظامها‬

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 18 of 19

‘Abu Hanifa [rh] had turned jurisprudence on its head and unsettled its method and
changed its system’

Regarding the version of Salaat (prayers) Abu Hanifa introduced, Imam Ghazzali stated on page
614:
‫والذي ينبغي ان يقطع به كل ذي دين ان مثل هذه الصلة ل يبعث ال لها نبيا وما بعث محمد بن عبد ال‬
‫صلى ال عليه وسلم لدعاء الناس إليها‬

“It must be known for every religious person that God would never send a prophet
for such Salaat and Muhammad wasn’t sent to propagate the people for this
(Salaat)’.
The book can be downloaded from:
http://www.almeshkat.net/books/open.php?cat=36&book=802

26. According to Sunnies, the Prophet [s] condemned Abu Hainfa

We read the following episode in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 425:


‫أخبرنا البرقاني أخبرنا أبو بكر الحبابي الخوارزمي بها قال سمعت أبا محمد عبد ال بن أبي القاضي يقول‬
‫سمعت محمد بن حماد يقول رأيت النبي صلى ال عليه و سلم في المنام فقلت يا رسول ال ما تقول في‬
‫النظر في كلم أبي حنيفة وأصحابه أنظر فيها وأعمل عليه قال ل ل ل ثلث مرات‬

Muhammad bin Hamaad said: ‘I saw the Prophet [s] in my dream, thus I asked him:
‘Oh Allah's messenger, what do you say about looking at the opinion of Abu Hanifa
and his companions? Shall I look at it and adopt it?’ He [s] replied: ‘No, No, No’
three times.

27. According to Sunnies, Abu Bakar condemned Abu Hainfa

We read the following episode in Tarikh Baghdad, Volume 13 page 441:


‫أخبرني أبو الفتح محمد بن المظفر بن إبراهيم الخياط حدثنا محمد بن علي بن عطية المكي حدثنا محمد‬
‫بن خالد الموي حدثنا علي بن الحسن القرشي حدثنا علي بن حرب قال سمعت محمد بن عامر الطائي‬
‫وكان خيرا يقول رأيت في النوم كان الناس مجتمعون على درج دمشق إذ خرج شيخ ملبب بشيخ فقال أيها‬
‫الناس إن هذا بدل دين محمد صلى ال عليه و سلم فقلت لرجل إلى جنبي من ذان الشيخان فقال هذا‬
‫أبو بكر الصديق ملبب بأبي حنيفة‬

Muhammad bin Amer al-Taei said: ‘I witnessed a dream wherein the people were
gathered in Damascus, then an old man appeared dragging another old man and he
(the old man) said: ‘Oh people, this person altered the religion of Muhammad [s]’.
Then I asked a man standing beside me: ‘Who are these two old men?’ He replied:
‘This is Abu Bakr dragging Abu Hanifa’.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved


Page 19 of 19

5. Copyright
All rights, including copyright, in the content of these Answering-Ansar.org web pages are
owned or controlled for these purposes by the Answering-Ansar.org team.

You can distribute the download version of "Adobe® PDF" documents of the Answering-
Ansar.org articles, as long as the documents remain in their original state and none of the
contents are modified in any format.

The Answering-Ansar.org reserves the right over the contents of the articles if they are used in
the original format. You can freely distribute the Islamic references and quotes that we use in
our articles in any format.

When using our articles in your websites or if in distribution in print format, please include the
source as Answering-Ansar.org.

Our web site contains links to third party sites. These links are used for the convenience of our
users; however, they are not under the control of Answering-Ansar.org. We are not responsible
for their contents, nor should they be considered endorsements of the individual linked sites.

However, it is possible that the site could contain typographical errors. If such a condition is
brought to our attention, a reasonable effort will be made to fix or remove it.

If you wish to reproduce, print and distribute our articles in book format, then you will need a
written permission of Answering-Ansar.org. If you wish to do so, then please contact us for
further details.

Copyright © 2002-2008 Answering-Ansar.org. • All Rights Reserved